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THE 


OF 


KING   JAMES    THE    FIRST. 


IN   FOUR    VOLUMES. 
VOL.  I. 


CORRIGENDA    IN    THE    FIRST   VOLUME. 


Page  16.  The  Poet  in  this  page  was  not  the 
Earl  of  Exeter;  Mr.  Cecil  of  St.  John's  appears 
in  vol.  111.  pp.  49,  85. — P.  22,  last  line,  read 
PHIN.  (Phineas). — P.  39,  line  16  of  notes,  read 
Lord  Montjoy  in  Ireland  1617,  Lord  Montjoy  of 
Thurweston  1627 ;  in  note  '  delete  the  parenthesis. 
P.  52,  note  5,  delete  the  words  "either  at  Sir  Tho. 
Sadleir's  or." — P.  61,  in  note  %  for  Duke  read  Earl ; 
for  1594  read  1584 ;  for  68  read  62  (see  vol.  111. 
p.  371)  ;  note  4,  for  James  read  John. — P.  75,  J. 
10,  rotes,  for  Chancellor  read  Counsellor.  — 
P.  84,  delete  the  first  line  and  a  half  of  note  ', 
which  apply  to  Sir  Thos.  Gerard's  father. — P. 
85,  note  2,  for  "  he  received  the  honour  of 
knighthood  early,"  read  "  he  was  created  K.  B. 
at  the  Coronation  (see  p.  224).'' — P.  91,  note ', 
dele  the  statement  that  the  Earl  of  Rutland  was 
K.  B.,  which  is  erroneous. — P.  95,  see  note  on 
Lady  Hatton  corrected  in  vol.11.  175. — P.  107, 
note  %  for  "  Robert  Cecil,  Lord  Burleigh," 
read  "  Thomas  Sackville,  Lord  Buckhurst." — P. 
112,  note  ',  for  1618  read  1620.— P.  113,  line  3, 
for  Henry  read  Edward ;  note  •",  for  1595  read 
1594 — P.  115,  note  G,  for  160O  read  1604.— P. 
*123,  lineS,  for  the  12th  read  13th.— P.  130,  by 
"  learned  Morton"  Daniel  does  net  mean  the 
Earl;  but  Cardinal  Morton,  the  Councillor  and 
Favourite  of  Henry  VII. — P.  141,  read  "  the  eve 
of  Lady-day,  the  24th  of  March."— P.  142,  delete 
note,  and  refer  to  vol.  II.  p.  399. — Pp.  145,  157, 
161,  188,  247,  read  Cotton  MSS.  Caligula,  E.  x. 
—P.  156,  note'.for  1612  read  1613.— P.  165,  note 
',  line  2,  for  his  read  hir. — P.  166,  note  ',  for  1611 
read  1612,  and  for  1613  read  1617-18,  aged  76. 
— P.  167,  for  Goodnes  read  Gardner,  for  Gorges 
read  Grymes,  for  Talbot  read  Foliott,  and  for 
Compton  of  Hertfordshire  read  Crompton  of 
Herefordshire.— P.  168,  line  15,  delete  "  Trea- 
surer."— P.  174,  in  head  line,  for  VISITS  HOL- 
CENBY  read  AT  DINGLEY.  —  P.  176,  note  ',  for 
1691  read  1641.— P.  189,  note  ',  for  p.  210  read 
vol.  II.  p.  287.— P.  195,  note  ',  for  Anne  read 
Eliz.  and  for  18th  read  17ih  ;  note  ",  for  "  Eliza- 
beth  Wight,"  read  Jane,  second  dau.  of  Sir 

Mich.  Stanhope,  of  Shelford,  sister  to  the  first 
Lord  Stanhope  of  Harington. — P.  201,  note 3,  for 
81  read  84.— P.  208.  Sir  George  Carew  of  Lon- 
don was  not  the  same  individual  as  the  Earl  of 
Totness,  who  was  knighted  in  1585  (see  pp.  167, 
190).— P.210,  delete  note'1.— P.211, note6,  delete 
the  words  "he  was  knighted,  and." — P.  212,  note 
',  for  p.  192  read  p.  207 — P.  213,  see  note  3  cor- 
rected in  vol.  II.  p.  24.— P.  214,  note  >,  for 
"elder  brother"  read  nephew.— P. 2 17,  note  8,  for 
Wring  read  Wing.— P. 222,  note  ,  delete  the  words 


"  was  of  the  King's  Bed-chamber." — P.  223,  note 
4,  for  Denton  read  Dent;  note7,  for  1622  read 
1628. — P.  224,  note  *,  for  1608  read  1603  ;  note 
'',  for  1625  read  1624;  and  for  1631  read  1629. 
— P.  225,  see  note  8  corrected  in  p.  525  ;  note  '3, 
for  1627  read  1637. — P.  226,  delete  note  '3,  which 
applies  to  Sir  Edw.  Herne,  Knight  Bachelor,  in 
p.  207. — P.  268,  note  ',  line  1,  read  "within  the 
•Queen's  Dower,  which  were,"  &c. — P.  271,  notes, 
line  8,  for  May  read  March. — P.  281,  line  12,  for 
preceding  read  succeeding. — P.  294,  note  ',  for 
1614  read  1604.— P.  318.  Mr.  Lodge's  note  on 
the  Master  of  Orkney  in  this  page  is  erroneous ; 
that  in  p.  196  correct.  He  did  marry  Lady 
Eliz.  Southwell,  daughter  of  the  Earl  of  Not- 
tingham.— P.  323,  see  an  error  in  note  3  corrected 
in  vol.  II.  p.  492. — P.  350,  note  «,  for  144  read 
348.— P.  399,  note  a,  line  2,  for  two-fifths  read 
two-sevenths. — P.  424,  line  22,  delete  North;  and 
read  above,  Lord  North  of  Kirtling. — P.  427, 
note  ',  line  10,  for  "  the  Lord"  read  the  style  of 
Lord  ;  note  ',  for  18th  read  26th.  —  P.  439, 
note  4,  delete  the  words  "  He  was  again  visited  by 
the  King  in  1614."— P.  440,  note  6,  for  217  read 
317. — P.  464,  for  November  7  read  December 
4. — P.  471,  note  %  line  6,  for  18  read  30; 
last  line,  for  \\s.  read  x\s. — P.  475,  note  5,  for  May 
21  read  April  20. — P.  481,  note  4,  delete  the  word 
"  not." — P.  489,  note  3  is  incorrect;  Lady  Eliz. 
Howard  was  afterwards  Lady  Knollys;  see  INDEX 
111. — P.  5OO,  line  7>  for  Coronation  read  Ac- 
cession.— P.  510,  line  13,  for  Northamptonshire 
read  Northumberland  (see  vol.  III.  p.  280). — P. 
511,  note  J,  for  37  read  208;  note  S  delete  "  and 
in  the  dignity  of  Earl  of  Newcastle." — P.  513, 
line  3,  for  "font.  During'1  read  "font  during." 
—  P.  518,  note  5,  line  1,  delete  "whence." — 
P.  519,  for  "  a  small  mansion  on  Farley  Green" 
read  "  Someries  ;  "  see  note  *  corrected  in  vol. 
III.  p.  851.— P.  521,  note  ',  line  12,  for  third 
read  fourth;  and  line  14,  for  "  John  the  fourth 
Duke"  read  "  Francis  the  fifth  Duke." — P.  523, 
note  ',  for  1613  read  1618.— P.  524,  line  2,  for 
Edward  read  Edmund. — P.  525,  head  line,  for 
BHAYBROOKE  read  KOCKINGHAM  — P.  527,  note  *, 
for  "  This  William"  read  "Thomas;''  see  vol. 
III.  p.  77.3. — P.  528.  The  King  was  not  at  Wrox- 
ton  in  1605  (see  vol.  III.  pp.  483;  563). — P.  5/4, 
note  ',  for  Coruwainer  read  Clothworker. — P.  582, 
in  note,  for  "  Charter-house,  May  11,  1603  (see 
p.  115),"  read  "  Tower,  March  14,  1603-4  (see 
p.  322;,"  Sir  Thomas  Knh-et  in  p.  115  being 
cousin  to  Lord  Knivet ;  for  July  7  read  July  4. 
— P.  604,  line *  of  note,  delete  "  Sir." 


[TAL1AHTS  '  '     •• 

(IN     /ilK     KlNC/N     l'.\SS.\C!K     TMIIOtGII      I.OMHIN.    IliO.l     1. 


THE 


PROCESSIONS,  AND  MAGNIFICENT  FESTIVITIES, 

OF 

KING    JAMES     THE     FIRST, 

HIS  ROYAL  CON7SORT,  FAMILY,  AND  COURT, 

COLLECTED    FROM 

atriotnal  ggartuoctiptc,  Scarce  Pamp&lcto,  Corporation  RccorDs,  Parochial  CUoiatcro,  «c.  it. 

COMPRISING 

FORTY   MASQUES   AND    ENTERTAINMENTS!    TEN    CIVIC    PAGEANTS; 

NUMEROUS    ORIGINAL   LETTERS; 

AND    ANNOTATED    LISTS    OF    THE    PEERS,    BARONETS,    AND    KNIGHTS,    WHO    RECEIVED    THOSK 

x 
HONOURS    DURING    THE    REIGN    OF    KING    JAMES. 

SUtutrateb  voitb  jfiotesf,   tytftorical,   (Copourapftital,   •Sioflrapbical,  an6   ^3iblioorap6itaT. 

Bv  JOHN  NICHOLS,  F.S.A.  LOND.  EDINB.  &  PERTH. 


VOLUME    I. 


ri 


LONDON:    PRINTED    BY    AND   FOR    J.  B.   NICHOLS, 
PRINTER    TO    THE    SOCIETY   OF    ANTIQUARIES, 

'•!•">,  PARLIAMENT    STREET. 

1828. 


v.l 


PREFACE. 


MORE  than  forty  years  have  elapsed  since,  at  the  suggestion,  and  by  the 
assistance,  of  my  kind  friend  and  relation  Bishop  Percy,  I  began  to  collect  the 
various  Pamphlets  and  Manuscripts  which  detail  the  Progresses,  &c.  of  the  illus- 
trious Queen  Elizabeth.  Two  volumes  of  that  work  were  submitted  to  the 
Publick  in  1788,  and  were  so  favourably  received,  that  in  1804  1  ventured  to 
produce  a  Third  Volume,  which,  by  a  calamitous  accident,  became  scarce  not 
long  after  its  first  appearance. 

The  materials  which  were  contained  in  those  volumes  having  been  printed,  at 
various  times,  as  the  several  articles  were  acquired,  and  most  of  them  being  sepa- 
rately paged,  it  was  scarcely  possible  to  form  any  thing  like  a  regular  Index  to 
them;  but  in  1823,  when  I  undertook  a  new  edition,  the  whole  Work  was 
chronologically  arranged,  and,  with  various  additions  and  the  necessary  Indexes, 
(some  Latin  complimentary  Poems  only  being  omitted,)  it  formed  three  uniform 
and  handsome  volumes. 

During  the  long  period  in  which  the  Elizabethan  Progresses  were  passing 
through  my  hands,  many  valuable  materials  relative  to  the  succeeding  reign  were 
gradually  assembled.  With  the  view  of  permanently  preserving  these  collections, 
I  commenced  printing  the  present  Work, — unaware,  I  must  own,  of  the  length 
to  which  it  has  extended.  In  the  quantity  of  its  contents  it  much  exceeds  the 
former  publication  ;  and  I  entertain  no  apprehension  that  those  contents  will  be 
considered  less  valuable. 

The  numerous  Tracts  re-printed  in  these  Volumes  may  mostly  be  classed  as 
either  poetical  panegyrics;  descriptions  of  various  solemnities  and  festivities;  or 
dramatic  performances.  "  Sorrowes  Joy,"  and  four  others  written  on  the  King's 
Accession  or  Coronation,  are  of  the  first  description.  But  it  was  soon  found 
necessary  to  desist  from  inserting  those  multitudinous  productions,  a  bare  enutne- 

VOL.  i.  b 


VI  PREFACE. 

* 

ration  of  their  titles  occupying  as  much  space  as  the  quantity  of  other  articles  of 
much  superior  interest  could  reasonably  allow '.  Of  the  second  class  are 
re-prints  of  about  sixteen  pamphlets,  and  nine  articles  of  some  length  from 
original  manuscripts.  Under  the  third  head  must  be  ranked  twenty-nine 
Masques  and  Entertainments  by  Ben  Jonson;  three  by  Marston,  Daniel,  and 
Francis  Beaumont,  which  have  received  the  attention  of  a  modern  editor; 
no  less  than  eight  by  Daniel,  Campion,  and  Chapman,  now  first  re-printed  from 
their  early  publications ;  and  nine  London  Civic  Pageants  and  one  of  Chester, 
also  taken  from  the  original  and  only  editions.  The  liberality  of  Mr.  Upcott 
has  added  to  these  a  Masque,  which,  though  performed  before  the  Queen,  has 
never  before  been  submitted  to  the  press.  For  the  loan  of  several  of  the  dra- 
matic Tracts  I  was  obliged  to  the  late  William  Barnes  Rhodes,  Esq.  at  the  sale 
of  whose  library  in  1825  the  five  Masques  by  Campion  here  re-printed  were  alone 
sold  for  gg.SJ.  2s.  As  a  similar  fact  it  may  be  added,  that  at  Mr.  Bindley's  sale 
four  of  the  London  Pageants  produced  ^.27.  4*.  6d. ;  hut  the  extreme  rarity  of 
several  other  articles  of  my  present  revivification  will  be  readily  perceived,  on  perus- 
ing the  list  of  them  in  pp.xxv — xxviii.  A  few  articles  which  it  includes  cannot  be 
classed  under  any  of  the  heads  already  mentioned.  Two  of  them  are  Speeches 
to  the  King  at  his  first  entrance  severally  into  the  City  and  into  the  Tower  of 
London ;  of  which  description  of  compositions  about  twenty  others  will  be 
found  by  reference  to  the  Index.  Twelve  of  them,  which  were  delivered  to 
the  King  in  Scotland  in  1617,  are  re-printed  from  the  rare  folio  entitled,  "The 
Muses'  Welcome."  —  Four  articles  particularly  illustrative  of  Court  statistics,  are 
the  Ordinances  of  the  King's  Household,  1604;  the  Roll  of  New-year's  Gifts, 
1605-6;  the  Schedule  of  the  Crown  Jewels  of  the  same  date;  and  the  Yearly 
Charges  of  the  Wardrobe,  1606-7.  Another  document  of  much  interest  on  the 
third  subject  is  givfcn  in  detached  portions  (in  illustration  of  the  letters  of  the 
King,  Prince,  and  Favourite,)  under  1623. 

Among  the  books  of  which  great  portion  has  been  transferred  to  these  pages, 
may  be  mentioned  Howes's  Chronicle  of  the  first  eleven  years  of  James's  reign, 
appended  to  the  edition  of  1614  of  Stowe's  Chronicle,  but  chiefly  omitted  in 
every  other  edition.  To  this  may  be  added  the  English  translation  of  Camden's 

1  See  the  several  Bibliographical  Lists, —  of  Tracts,  on  the  Accession  and  Coronation  of  the  King, 
— of  Eulogistic  Tributes  throughout  the  reign, — on  the  Death  of  Prince  Henry, — the  Marriage  of 
the  Princess  Elizabeth,— the  Death  of  the  Queen,— and  the  Death  of  the  King. 


PREFACE.  Vlt 

Annals ;  and  three  fifths  (as  much  as  relates  to  the  reign  of  James)  of  that 
curious  record  of  ostentatious  ceremony,  the  Philoxenis  of  Sir  John  Finett.  In 
this  place  also,  the  large  extracts  from  Mr.  Lodge's  very  valuable  Illustrations 
of  English  History,  and  the  Historical  Letters  so  ably  edited  by  Mr.  Ellis,  should 
be  particularly  acknowledged.  The  former  work  was  perhaps  two  extensively 
quoted  in  the  first  volume,  before  I  was  aware  of  the  accumulation  of  more 
original  resources  which  disclosed  themselves  as  I  proceeded. 

With  respect  to  the  numerous  letters  (or  rather  epistolary  extracts,  for  the 
unimportant  passages  are  generally  omitted,)  which  I  have  now  the  gratification 
of  being  the  first  to  present  to  the  Publick,  I  am  confident  that  their  value  will  be 
appreciated.  Notwithstanding  the  high  nominal  rate  of  the  "  fancy  prices"  at 
which  the  Pamphlets  have  been  estimated,  few  will  deny  the  intrinsic  value  of 
original  correspondence  to  be  of  far  superior  consideration.  The  latter  is  as  pre- 
ferable to  the  former  in  matter  as  in  style, — as  preferable  as  truth,  simplicity, 
and  freedom  are  to  adulation,  affectation,  and  pedantry.  This  correspondence 
will  be  appreciated,  I  repeat,  by  such  as,  to  use  the  gratifying  words  of  the  Lite- 
rary Gazette,  would  "  lay  the  foundations  for  a  right  judgment  on  what  is  done 
in  their  own  day,  from  acquiring  a  knowledge  of  what  was  done  by  their  fore- 
fathers. This  is  the  true  and  important  use  of  history  ;  and  no  history  affords 
so  good  materials  as  that  which  is  drawn,  like  the  present,  from  original  manu- 
scripts, authentic  records,  and  correspondence  never  framed  for  the  mere  purpose 
of  meeting  the  public  eye.  Here  we  have"  facts,  not  theories;  documents,  not 
the  hypotheses  raised  by  partial  or  prejudiced  writers." 

Of  the  notes  by  which  the  Work  is  illustrated,  it  scarcely  becomes  the  Editor  to 
speak.  They  will  be  found,  it  is  humbly  hoped,  not  the  least  useful  portion  of 
the  whole.  In  those  which  are  biographical,  the  genealogical  and  domestic  his- 
tory of  the  parties  has  been  generally  omitted,  as  entering  in,to  such  detail  would 
probably  on  the  average  have  extended  the  notices  to  twice  their  present  length.  A 
reference,  however,  is  always  made  to  the  authority  where  such  information  is  known 
to  exist.  It  is  of  some  importance  to  the  Biographer  to  mention,  that  the  dates 
and  places  assigned  to  the  Knighthoods  throughout  the  Work,  are  with  very  few 
exceptions  those  of  the  Catalogue  published  by  the  Herald  Philipot  in  166%0  (see 
this  vol.  p.  54).  Several  manuscript  lists  of  King  James's  Knights  are  in  exist- 
ence, and  the  variations  among  them  are  very  numerous.  Upon  the  whole  the 
Catalogue  of  Philipot  has  been  preferred  as  my  authority,  because  it  is  the  most 


Vlii  PREFACE. 

complete ;  but  some  instances  have  arisen  in  which  it  has  been  found  to  be 
undoubtedly  incorrect,  and  that  others  exist  must  certainly  be  presumed. 

It  has  been  a  pleasing  and  gratifying  encouragement  to  receive  the  numerous  com- 
munications which  my  undertaking  has  elicited,  particularly  from  the  places 
honoured  by  the  Royal  presence.  Foremost,  as  in  importance,  so  in  readiness  of 
information,  must  be  named  the  Metropolis  of  the  British  Empire ;  where,  after 
having  for  nearly  thirty  years  been  a  not  inactive  member  of  the  Common 
Council,  I  received  from  the  proper  officers  every  attainable  information.  Among 
the  other  Corporations  from  whose  records  extracts  are  given,  (to  omit  such  as 
have  only  been  copied  from  printed  works  of  local  History,)  may  be  mentioned 
the  cities  of  Coventry,  Durham,  Lincoln,  Salisbury,  and  York ;  the  towns  of 
Berwick,  Cambridge,  Leicester,  Newark,  Northampton,  Nottingham,  Stafford, 
Southampton,  Saffron  Walden,  and  Warwick. 

The  records  of  the  Company  of  Stationers  were  of  course  open  to  my  inspec- 
tion ;  and  I  have  been  favoured  with  all  that  could  be  gleaned  from  those  of  the 
Companies  of  Merchant-taylors,  Drapers,  and  Clothworkers.  Those  of  the  Fish- 
mongers were  unfortunately  consumed  at  the  great  Fire. 

To  the  friendship  of  individuals  I  scarcely  can  do  adequate  justice.  Their 
communications  are  in  general  acknowledged  at  the  places  of  their  insertion,  but 
some  of  them  demand  a  more  prominent  specification. 

From  the  present  Lord  Braybrooke,  who  has  deserved  and  acquired  so  much 
credit  as  the  editor  of  Pepys's  Memoirs,  I  received  some  spontaneous  communi- 
cations for  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  and  his  Lordship  has  conde- 
scended to  assist  me  in  my  present  task. 

William  Hamper,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  the  judicious  biographer  of  Sir  William  Dug- 
dale,  has  been  my  oracle  on  several  occasions  of  difficulty,  and  to  him  I  am 
indebted  for  procuring  more  than  one  article  of  interest,  particularly  the  account 
of  the  Royal  Visit  to  Stafford,  from  an  original  document  in  the  possession  of 
Lord  Bagot. 

By  Thomas  Sharp,  Esq.  of  Coventry,  (who,  it  is  to  be  hoped,  will  ere  long  pub- 
lish his  large  collections  for  a  complete  History  of  that  antient  City,)  much  useful 
information  has  been  supplied,  as  was  the  drawing  of  the  Coventry  cup,  which, 
numerous  as  those  loyal  tributes  were,  is  the  only  representation  I  have  discovered 
of  a  specimen  belonging  to  the  reign  of  James  the  First1. 

1  In  the  records  of  the  same  City  are  preserved  the  outlines  of  a  far  less  elegant  cup  presented  to 
James  the  Second. 


PREFACE.  IX 

The  assistance  of  John  Stockdale  Hardy,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  of  Leicester,  has  been 
of  much  importance,  as  on  searching  among  the  records  of  that  Corporation  he 
not  only  discovered  several  illustrations  of  the  Royal  Visits,  which  had  escaped 
my  researches  when  compiling  the  History  of  that  County,  but  the  entire  Gests  of 
the  Progresses  of  16*12,  1614,  and  1616,  which  no  other  authority  had  furnished. 

Edmond  Tumor,  Esq.  M.  A.  F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A.  of  Stoke  Rochford,  has  kindly 
supplied  some  links  in  the  chain  of  the  Progress  in  Lincolnshire ;  in  which  I 
have  also  been  honoured  by  the  revision  of  Earl  Brownlow. 

My  very  old  and  esteemed  friend,  William  Bray,  Esq.  F.S.A.  the  Historian 
of  Surrey;  Robert  Surtees,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  the  Historian  of  Durham ;  the  Rev. 
James  Raine,  the  Historian  of  North  Durham  ;  and  Robert  Benson,  Esq.  the  future 
Historian  of  Salisbury,  have  each  procured  for  me  original  documents.  The 
Rev.  Joseph  Hunter,  F.  S.  A.  the  Historian  of  Hallamshire  and  Doncaster,  has 
bestowed  some  very  useful  information  ;  and  George  Ormerod,  Esq.  LL.  D. 
F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A.  the  Historian  of  Cheshire,  most  kindly  compiled  the  entire 
narrative  of  the  King's  Progress  through  that  County  in  1617. 

Dr.  Bandinel,  the  principal  conservator  of  the  Bodleian  Library,  has  commu- 
nicated, from  a  roll  of  extraordinary  length  in  his  own  possession,  some  valuable 
particulars  of  the  Royal  Visits  to  York.  Dr.  Bliss,  the  second  librarian  of  that 
noble  collection,  and  Henry  Ellis,  Esq.  of  the  British  Museum,  F.  R.  S.  Sec.  S.  A. 
have  rendered  me  efficient  assistance. 

To  the  obliging  attention  of  Mr.  Archdeacon  Wrangham  I  have  been  fre- 
quently indebted.  Among  a  valuable  collection  of  early  tracts,  he  possesses 
several  which  are  re-printed  in  these  pages.  A  printed  work  of  another  Vener- 
able Dignitary,  the  Glossary  of  Mr.  Archdeacon  Nares,  has  been  my  constant 
reference  in  the  notes  attached  to  the  Masques  and  Tracts. 

The  indefatigable  John  Philip  Wood,  Esq.  Auditor  of  the  Excise  at  Edin- 
burgh, favoured  me  with  most  of  the  biographical  notes  to  the  writers  in  the 
Muses'  Welcome,  1617;  and  another  resident  in  that  city,  James  Maidment, 
Esq.  has  suggested  some  useful  hints. 

To  my  Roxburghian  friend,  Joseph  Haslewood,  Esq.  F.S.A.  my  warmest  thanks 
are  due,  for  his  great  assistance  on  subjects  of  dramatic  or  bibliographical  curiosity. 
Troublesome  as  my  frequent  applications  to  that  gentleman  must  have  been,  they 
have  seldom  been  answered  without  advantage,  and  never  but  with  the  most 
obliging  and  encouraging  cordiality. 


X  PREFACE. 

Thomas  Jolley,  Esq.  claims  my  thanks  for  his  liberal  loan  of  some  of  the 
London  Pageants. 

To  Henry  Woodthorpe,  Esq.  LL.  D.  Town-clerk  of  London,  and  his  assistant, 
Mr.  Firth,  I  am  obliged  for  the  various  extracts  from  the  City  records ;  to  Henry 
Rivington,  Esq.  for  those  from  the  Stationers'  Company  ;  to  John  Baker,  Esq. 
of  Southampton,  L.  D.  W.  Collins,  Esq.  of  Exeter,  H.  Enfield,  Esq.  of  Notting- 
ham, W.  E.  Tallents,  Esq.  of  Newark,  and  several  other  gentlemen,  for  the  pro- 
vincial records.  I  beg  also  to  present  my  thanks  for  various  kind  and  useful 
communications  to  E.  H.  Barker,  Esq.  of  Thetford,  Sir  William  Betham,  Ulster 
King-at-Arms,  Mr.  William  Brooke,  of  Lincoln,  James  Brown,  Esq.  of  Saint 
Alban's,  Isaac  D'lsraeli,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.,  Francis  Freeling,  Esq.,  the  late  Matthew 
Gregson,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  John  Matthew  Gutch,  Esq.  of  Bristol,  Edmund  Lodge, 
Esq.  F.S.  A.  Norroy  King-at-Arms,  N.  H.  Nicolas,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.,  Mr.  J.  Raw  of 
Ipswich,  T.  R.  Weeton,  Esq.  of  Leigh  near  Bolton-le-moors,  George  Wilbraham, 
Esq.,  and  Mr.  Shirley  Woolmer  of  Exeter. 


Any  further  introduction  to  the  subjects  embraced  in  this  Work  I  consider 
unnecessary.  A  tolerably  correct  idea  of  the  whole  will  be  attained  by  turning 
over  the  first  or  General  Index,  in  which  an  analytical  arrangement  has  been 
in  a  great  degree  adopted.  The  present,  however,  is  perhaps  the  best  place  for 
the  following  particulars : 

The  right  to  Purveyance,  or  Pre-emption  as  it  was  called,  was  a  prerogative 
enjoyed  by  the  Crown,  of  buying  up  provisions  and  other  necessaries  for  the 
use  of  the  Royal  Household  at  an  appraised  valuation,  in  preference  to  all  other 
purchasers,  and  even  without  the  owner's  consent.  The  carriages  and  horses  of 
the  subject  were  also  liable  to  be  impressed  on  the  King's  business,  in  the  con- 
veyance of  timber,  baggage,  or  provisions,  however  inconvenient  it  might  be  to 
the  proprietor,  on  paying  him  a  fixed  price.  There  were,  of  course,  constant 
complaints;  and  we  find  that  directly  after  King  James's  Accession,  he  was  peti- 
tioned to  "  looke  to  thy  Takers  and  Officers  of  thy  House"  (see  p.  *127).  The 
following  document  on  the  subject  bears  date  early  in  the  reign  : 

"  Whereas  wee  are  informed  that,  since  the  tyme  of  his  Majestie's  Progresse 
there  hath  bene  divers  abuses  comytted  by  the  disorderlie  proceedings  of  such  as 
be  the  Cartakers,  in  taxinge  and  overburdeninge  the  contrey  with  greater  number 


PREFACE. 


of  Carts  then  hath  bene  convenient  for  the  remove  of  his  Majestic  from  place  to 
place,  to  the  great  trouble  and  prejudice  of  the  poore  inhabitants,  —  wee  have 
thought  fytt,  knowinge  how  tenderlye  his  Majestic  respects  the  goode  and  quiett 
of  all  his  lovynge  subjects,  to  intreate  you,  which  be  the  Lyftenants,  to  call  the 
high  and  petty  Constables  of  every  Hundreth  before  you,  and  dewlie  to  examyne 
whether  any  such  disorder  hath  bene  or  noe,  and  thereuppon  to  give  us  know- 
ledge, so  as  yf  there  be  cause  wee  may  take  present  order  for  reformacon  here- 
after. And  soe,  not  doubtinge  of  your  carefull  proceedings  herein,  wee  bydd  you 
hartylie  farewell.  The  Court,  Woodstocke,  this  xiith  of  Septetnb.  16*03. 

"  Your  lovinge  freinds,     W.  KNOWLYS.        E.  WOTTON.        Ro.  VERNON. 

[Two  other  signatures  are  not  legible]. 

"For  the  better  manifestinge  of  the  aforesaid  abuses,  wee  think  yt  fytt  that 
the  Constables  do  deliver  unto  you  not  onely  the  nomber  of  Carts  chardged 
withyn  their  severall  devicons  for  every  remove,  butt  also  howe  many  of  those 
Carts  soe  chardged  dyd  eyther  serve  or  pay  mony,  and  then  to  what  person  the 
same  mony  was  payed,  and  in  what  sorte  and  by  whome  the  rest  of  the  Carts 
were  dyscharged  '." 

By  an  entry  in  the  records  of  the  Board  of  Green  Cloth,  dated  10  Jan.  1604, 
it  appears  that,  "  In  his  Majesty's  late  Progress  to  Wilton,  wood  was  ordered  to 
be  felled  in  his  Majesty's  own  woods  in  the  New  Forest  and  Dunswood,  which 
might  furnish  the  expenses  of  his  Majesty's  howse  with  wood  and  cole  during 
his  stay  in  those  parts;  by  virtue  of  which  order  and  warrant  there  was  much 
wood  fallen  and  a  good  proportion  of  coles  made  out  of  the  same,  and  spent  for 
his  Majesty's  service  and  the  service  of  the  Prince  in  the  time  of  his  Highness' 
abode  at  Wilton,  Moteson2,  Collingborne3,  and  Wallope4." 

On  the  l6th  of  June  1604,  the  Commons  determined  on  a  representation  to 
the  King  of  the  grievances  arising  from  Purveyors  ;  and  Sir  Francis  Bacon  made 
a  long  Speech  on  the  subject  to  the  King  in  the  Withdraw!  ng-chamber  at  White- 

1  Communicated  by  William  Bray,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  to  whose  Essay  on  the  subject  of  Purveyance  in 
the  eighth  volume  of  Archaeologia  the  present  pages  are  also  indebted. 

3  Motteston,  in  the  Isle  of  Wight,  waa  at  this  time,  and  for  three  centuries,  the  residence  of  the 
family  of  Cheke,  of  which  was  Sir  John,  the  tutor  to  King  Edward  the  Sixth. 

3  Two  parishes  in  Wiltshire  bear  the  names  of  Collingbourne  King's  or  Collingbourne  Ducis  ;  but 
I  can  find  no  account  of  any  seat  at  either  of  them. 

4  Wallop  in  Hampshire,  from  whence  the  noble  family  of  Portsmouth  ;  but  of  any  house  there  I 
find  nothing. 


Xll  PREFACE. 

hall.  After  a  proeme,  in  which  he  soothes  the  Royal  ear  with  that  flattery  and 
those  learned  allusions  which  were  so  acceptable  to  the  Monarch,  he  tells  him 
that,  "  there  was  no  greivance  in  his  Kingdom  so  general,  so  continual,  so  sen- 
sible, and  so  bitter  to  the  common  subject,  as  that  which  he  was  then  speaking  of; 
that  they  do  not  pretend  to  derogate  from  his  prerogative,  nor  to  question  any  of 
his  regalities  or  rights  ;  they  only  seek  a  reformation  of  abuses  and  restoration  of 
the  laws  to  which  they  were  born.  He  complains  that,  the  Purveyors  take  in 
kind  what  they  ought  not  to  take;  they  take  in  quantity  a  far  greater  proportion 
than  cometh  to  the  King's  use;  and  they  take  in  an  unlawful  manner.  They 
extort  money  in  gross,  or  in  annual  stipends,  to  be  freed  from  their  oppression. 
They  take  trees,  which  by  law  they  cannot  do ;  timber  trees  which  are  the 
beauty,  countenance,  and  shelter  of  men's  houses,  that  are  a  loss  which  men 
cannot  repaire  or  recover.  If  a  gentleman  is  too  hard  for  them  whilst  at  home, 
they  will  watch  him  out,  and  cut  the  tree  before  he  can  stop  it.  When  a  poor 
man  hath  his  goods  taken  away  from  him  at  an  under  value,  and  cometh  to  receive 
his  money,  he  shall  have  twelve  pence  in  the  pound  deducted ;  nay,  they  take 
double  poundage,  once  when  the  debenture  is  made,  and  again  when  the  money 
is  paid. 

"As  to  the  second  point,  he  tells  the  King  that  there  is  no  pound  of  profit  to 
him  but  begetteth  three  pound  damages  on  the  subjects,  besides  the  discontent ; 
and,  to  avoid  a  discovery,  they  never  register  and  attest  what  is  taken,  as  they  are 
required  by  law  to  do. 

"  As  to  the  third,  by  law  they  ought  to  take  as  they  can  agree  with  the  sub- 
ject ;  by  abuse  they  take  at  an  enforced  price.  By  law  they  ought  to  make  but 
one  apprisement  by  neighbours  in  the  country ;  by  abuse  they  make  a  second 
apprisement  at  the  Court-gate ;  and  when  the  subject's  cattle  come  up  many 
miles,  lean  and  out  of  plight  by  reason  of  great  travel,  they  prise  them  anew  at 
an  abated  price.  By  law  they  ought  to  take  between  sun  and  sun  ;  by  abuse 
they  take  by  twilight  and  in  the  night.  By  law  they  ought  not  to  take  in  the 
highwayes,  by  abuse  they  take  in  the  ways.  This  abuse  of  Purveyance,  if  it  be 
not  the  most  heinous  abuse,  yet  it  is  the  most  common  and  general  abuse  of  all 
others  in  the  Kingdom." 

This  representation,  together  with  a  case  which  was  solemnly  resolved  by  all 
the  Judges  and  Barons  of  the  Exchequer,  produced  a  Proclamation  against  this 
and  other  abuses  of  Purveyance. 


PREFACE. 


Xiii 


It  was  about  the  same  time  that  the  number  of  Carts  used  in  Progresses  was 
reduced  from  6*00  to  220.  Two  pence  a  mile  was  paid  for  them,  and  they  were 
not  to  go  more  than  twelve  miles  a  day,  unless  on  occasions  of  great  necessity. 
The  proportions  to  be  furnished  by  eight  several  Counties  were  as  follow ;  on 
the  removal  of  the  Court  from 

Berks.      Buck*.      Esiex.      Hants.      Herts.       Kent.      Middx.    Oxford.     Surrey. 

Richmond  20       20        10       —        15        20       55       —       80 

Windsor  50       50       —         6        20       —       33       37        *4 

Hampton  Court       22       26       —       —       —        16*       60       —       70 
Nonsuch  10       22       —       —       —       29       60       —     108 

Oatlands  25       50       —       —       15       —       50       —     100 

the  total  in  every  case  being  220  '. 

There  occurs,  however,  a  letter  dated  1606,  alleging  that  the  King's  Cartakers 
oppressed  those  who  brought  provisions  to  London,  requiring  40*.  a  year  and  4*. 
quarterage  of  the  owners  of  such  carts  to  be  exempt  from  being  pressed  into  the 
King's  service. 

In  the  case  of  Richards,  anno  3  Jac.  Purveyance  was  allowed  by  the  Judges 
in  the  Star-chamber  to  be  a  Royal  prerogative,  but  they  denied  that  timber  could 
be  cut,  or  fruit-trees  transplanted.  This  Richards,  on  being  examined,  made  a 
curious  confession  of  the  rogueries  practised  by  him  and  his  brethren.  He  men- 
tioned several  kinds ;  they  charged  ten  times  the  quantity  wanted,  sold  the  over- 
plus, and  shared  the  money.  They  went  to  the  most  remote  places  to  make  their 
Purveyance,  in  order  to  induce  the  people  to  come  to  a  composition.  They  con- 
spired with  the  High-constables  to  charge  more  than  enough,  and  took  half  the 
money  of  them,  but  gave  receipts  for  the  whole,  the  Constables  taking  the  rest. 
The  Clerk  of  the  Market  set  the  prices  below  the  value,  and  shared  the  gain. 
This  confession  did  not  save  him.  He  had  also  extorted  money  under  pretence 
of  having  a  grant  for  compounding  fines  on  penal  statutes,  and  was  sentenced  to 
stand  in  the  pillory  in  Westminster,  Cheapside,  three  market  Towns  in  Dorset- 
shire, and  three  in  Somersetshire  ;  to  lose  one  ear  at  Dorchester,  the  other  at 
Wells  ;  to  ride  on  a  horse  with  his  face  to  the  tail,  and  papers  pinned  on  him 
expressing  his  crime;  to  pay  one  hundred  pounds  fine,  and  to  be  imprisoned 
during  the  King's  pleasure. 

'  From  the  Introduction  to  Manning  and  Bray's  History  of  Surrey,  p.  Ixiv,  where  the  proportions 
furnished  by  the  Hundreds  of  that  County  at  each  remove  are  printed  at  length. 
VOL.  I.  c 


XIV  PREFACE. 

In  1607  the  "parish  of  Weybridge  made  complaint  of  the  continual  burden 
which  they  sustained,  when  the  King  or  Prince  was  at  Oatlands,  in  carrying 
goods  thither  from  the  water-side,  having  but  one  cart  in  the  parish.  The  Parish 
was  consequently  discharged  from  serving  on  any  remove  of  the  Court,  except 
from  that  House  only.  About  the  same  time  the  Bailiwick  of  Surrey  (embrac- 
ing all  that  part  of  the  County  which  was  reserved  as  forest  by  Richard  the  First 
when  he  disafforested  the  rest)  was  occasionally  exempted  during  pleasure  both 
from  purveyance  and  cart-service,  on  every  removal  of  the  Court  except  from 
Windsor  or  any  house  within  the  Bailywick.  This  privilege  is  said  to  have  been 
granted  on  condition  of  the  inhabitants  preserving  the  deer  within  their  neigh- 
bourhood. But,  notwithstanding  this  exemption,  they  seem  to  have  been  still 
harassed,  till  after  the  Earl  of  Nottingham  had  written  the  following  letter  in 
their  behalf: 

"  Bailyweeke  of  Surrey  in  Windsor  Forrest. — The  copie  of  a  I're  from  the 
Lord  Admyrall,  directed  to  the  Lords,  &c,  towchinge  the  Baylywicke  of  Surrey ; 
the  criginall  whereof  remayned  in  the  Compting-house. 

"  After  my  very  harty  comendacens  to  your  Lordships  and  the  rest,  because  it 
is  conceaved  that  his  Majestie's  removes  from  the  Castle  of  Windsore,  and  other 
his  bowses  of  accesse  within  the  Bailywicke  of  Surrey,  cannot  conveniently  be 
made  withoute  the  assistance  of  the  inhabitants  of  the  Bailywicke,  they  are  con- 
tented, notwithstanding  his  Majestie's  gratious  graunte  unto  thetn,  by  which  they 
are  freed  from  all  manner  of  Carriages  for  removes  or  otherwise,  except  only  the 
Carriages  for  that  Castle  and  other  his  Majestie's  bowses  of  accesse  within  Surrey 
Bailywicke,  to  submitt  themselves  and  to  be  ordered  to  serve  hereafter  with  eighte 
Cartes  and  Carriages  at  all  and  everie  of  his  Majestie's  removes  which  shall  be 
at  any  time  made  from  his  Castle  of  Windsore  or  any  other  of  his  Majestie's 
bowses  of  accesse  within  Surrey  Bailywick,  and  from  his  Majestie's  bowses  of 
Easthamsteed  in  the  County  of  Berck',  unto  Hampton  Courte,  Oatelandes,  Rich- 
mond, and  Farnham,  or  any  of  them,  which,  with  the  Carriages  of  those  which 
inhabit  on  Berckshire  side,  I  thincke,  will  well  performe  his  Majestie's  service  at 
those  removes.  I  pray  therefor  lett  me  in  their  behalf  intreate  your  Lordships, 
and  the  rest  of  the  officers,  to  cause  an  order  to  be  entered  in  the  Compting- 
howse,  expressing  the  inhabitants  of  Surrey  Bailywicke  to  be  charged  to  serve 
hereafter  but  with  eight  Carts,  and  with  them  but  only  from  the  Castle  of 
Windsor  and  his  Majestie's  other  bowses  of  accesse  within  Surrey  Bailywicke, 


PREFACE.  XV 

and  from  Eastham steed  to  those  four  bowses  before-named,  and  to  be  freed 
from  all  Carriages  for  any  otber  removes.  Even  so  I  bid  your  Lordships  and 
the  rest  very  hartelly  farvvell.  Your  very  loving  friend,  NOTTINGHAM. 

"  From  Whitehall,  the  viiith  of  January  l6oS. 

"  ix°  January  l6oS.  It  is  ordered  by  the  Lord  Knollys  and  the  Lord  Wotton 
[the  Comptroller  and  Treasurer  of  the  Household]  that  the  contents  of  this  1're 
of  the  Lord  AdmyralFs,  in  the  behalf  of  Surrey  Bailywicke,  shall  be  observed, 
till  there  be  further  order  taken  to  the  contrary  1." 

In  1621  another  letter  in  the  King's  name  is  addressed  to  the  Deputy  Lieute- 
nants and  Justices  of  the  Peace  in  Surrey,  setting  forth  how  ready  and  forward 
the  King  is  to  give  ease  to  his  subjects  in  the  adjoining  Counties,  as  to  the  charge 
of  Carts  for  his  Majesty's  removals  ;  he  has  desired  them  to  agree  on  some 
[method]  amongst  themselves  how  it  may  be  done  with  least  charge  and  trouble; 
and  to  shew  that  he  continues  the  same  care,  though  he  has  not  been  answered 
with  like  respect  from  them,  having  had  no  answer  from  them  to  his  former 
letters,  yet  he  thinks  fit  to  let  them  know  that,  on  notice  of  some  abuses,  has 
committed  some  Cartakers  to  prison,  and  Constables  are  to  return  necessary 
proofs. 

There  is  another  in  which  the  King  says  that  on  hunting  parties  he  will  pay 
Carts  at  his  own  expence2. 

The  following  "  Composition  for  Provision  for  the  King's  Household,"  in  the 
Midland  Counties,  16-22,  is  from  the  Coucher-book  of  the  Corporation  of  Newark  3: 

"  Wee  weare  at  Lecester  upon  the  xvii  day  of  August,  to  treate  with  the 
Commissioners,  who  weare  then  there,  to  compound  with  the  Countries  for 
all  manner  of  Provisions  for  his  Majesty's  Household,  and  for  Cart-taking.  After 
long  debate  concerninge  the  same,  we  thought  it  good  and  profitable  for  the 
Countrie  to  compound,  in  regard  that  wee  shall  save  some  of  that  which  the 
Countrie  formerlie  paid,  and  be  freed  from  all  the  rest.  That  which  the  Coun- 
trie paid  yearely  to  purveiors  for  beefes,  muttons,  and  porkes,  amounted  to 
,3^.232.  13*.  4d.  beside  that  which  was  paid  for  waxe  and  for  butter  yearelie; 
and  wee  have  compounded  to  paie  but  gg.240  for  all  theis,  and  therein  to  be 
freed  from  takinge  of  carts,  single  horses,  wheate,  malt,  pullen,  and  all  other 

1  From  the  Records  of  the  Board  of  Green  Cloth,  at  St.  James's  Palace. 

*  Communicated  by  \Vm.  Bray,  Esq.  F.  !S.  A. 

3  Communicated  by  W.  E.  Tallents,  Esq.  Town-clerk;  see  vol.  II.  p.  459. 


XVI  PREFACE. 

things ;  soe  that,  if  this  ^.240  be  duelie  paid/the  Countrie  shall  bee  freed  from 
all  kinds  of  takinge.  And  the  rather  wee  are  induced  to  compound,  for  that 
Leicestershire  then  compounded  the  same  dale,  and  divers  other  Countries  have 
formerlye  compounded ;  soe  that  wee  sawe  that  those  Countries  that  will  not 
compound  wil  bee  wholy  burdened  with  takers,  and  the  rest  freed.  The  Articles 
and  Condicions  agreed  upon  we  have  sent  to  the  Justices  of  Peace  to  be  con- 
discended  to  and  subscribed ;  and  those  that  like  not  thereof  must  signifie  in 
writinge  their  dissent.  Wee  doe  conceave  that  there  is  true  and  plaine  dealing 
in  the  Commissioners,  who  did  well  satisfie  us  in  all  doubts.  It  wilbe  expected 
that  everie  Justice  of  the  Peace  sett  downe  in  writing  his  likinge  or  dislikinge  of 
the  Condicions  thereof;  and  that  it  be  speedilye  sent  from  one  to  another,  to  the 
end  that  the  Commissioners  may  have  speedye  notice  of  the  Countrie's  likinge, 
which  wee  have  promised  to  send  to  them  very  shortly.  And  thus  wee  rest, 

"  Your  loving  frendes,         HEN.  SACHEVERELL.         JOHN  WQODE. 
"Leicester,  the  IJth  daie  of  August  1622. 

"  I  like  well  these  Articles,  and  doe  give  my  consent,  W.  BURGHLEY. 

"  I  doe  agree  to  these  Articles,  THO.  HUTCHINSON. 

"  I  doe  agree  to  theis  Articles,'   JOHN  BYRON.  W.  COOPER.  JO.THORNHAGHE. 

"  I  doe  thinke  they  have  done  very  well,  and  like  very  well  of  it, 

"  JOHN  DIGBYE.     R.  PIERREPONT.     Ro.  SUTTON.     FOULKE  CARTWRIGHT. 

"  I  like  well  these  Articles,  and  assent  thereunto,  R.  STANHOPE." 

The  Reader  may  now  be  dismissed  from  this  portion  of  our  subject  by  the 
following  anecdote  from  Bacon's  Apothegms : 

"Sir  Edward  Coke  being  vehement  against  the  two  Provincial  Councils  of 
Wales  and  the  North,  said  to  the  King,  '  There  was  nothing  there  but  a  kind  of 
confusion  and  hotch-potch  of  justice :  one  while  they  were  in  a  Star-chamber ; 
another  while  a  King's  Bench ;  another,  a  Common  Pleas  ;  another,  a  Commis- 
sion of  Oyer  and  Terminer.'  His  Majesty  answered,  '  Why,  Sir  Edward  Coke, 
they  be  like  houses  in  Progress,  where  I  have  not,  nor  can  have,  such  distinct 
rooms  of  state  as  I  have  here  at  Whitehall  or  at  Hampton  Court.'" 


Some  dateless  and  doubtful  Royal  Visits  shall  also  here  be  noticed.  The  most 
important  of  the  former  description  is  one  of  the  King  and  Prince  to  Penshurst ', 
thus  mentioned  in  a  Poem  of  Ben  Jonson  : 

1  The  portion  of  the  mansion  of  the  Sydneys  at  Penshurst,  which  is  still  standing,  is  well  known 


PREFACE. 

"There's  nothing  I  can  wish,  for  which  I  stay; — 
That  found  King  James,  when  hunting  late  this  way 
With  his  brave  Son  the  Prince;  they  saw  thy  fires 
Shine  bright  on  ev'ry  hearth,  as  the  desires 
Of  thy  Penates  had  been  set  on  Same 
To  entertain  them  ;  or  the  country  came, 
With  all  their  zeal,  to  warm  their  welcome  here. 
What  (great  I  will  not  say,  but)  sudden  chear 

from  its  vicinity  to  Tunbridge  Wells.     As  a  description  of  it  at  the  time  of  King  James's  visit,  the 

whole  of  Ben  Jonson's  Poem  on  this  highly  celebrated  place  may  be  appropriately  cited  : 

Thou  art  not,  PENSHURST,  built  to  envious  show  There,  in  the  writhed  bark,  are  cut  the  names 

Of  touch  or  marble  ;  nor  canst  boast  a  row  Of  many  a  sylvan,  laken  with  his  flames  ; 

Of  polish'd  pillars,  or  a  roof  of  gold;  And  thence  the  ruddy  satyrs  oft  provoke 

Thou  hast  no  lantern,  whereof  tales  are  told  ;  The  lighter  fauns,  to  reach  thy  Lady's  Oakf- 

Or  stair,  or  courts ;  but  stand'st  an  ancient  pile,  Thy  copse  too,  named  of  Gamage,  thou   hast 

And,  these  grudg'd  at,  art  reverenced  the  while.  there  J, 

Thou  joy'st  in  better  marks,  of  soil,  of  air,  That  never  fails  to  serve  thee  season  "d  deer, 

Of  wood,  of  water;  therein  thou  art  fair.  When  thou  wouldst  feast,  or  exercise  thy  friends. 

Thou  hast  thy  walks  for  health,  as  well  as  sport ;  The  lower  land  that  to  the  river  bends, 

Thy  mount,  to  which  thy  Dryads  do  resort,  Thy   sheep,  thy  bullocks,   kine,   and  calves  do 

Where  Pan  and  Bacchus  their  high  feasts  have  made,  feed; 

Beneath  the  broad  beech,  and  the  chesnut  shade;  The  middle  grounds  thy  mares  and  horses  breed. 

That  taller  tree,  which  of  a  nut  was  set,  Each  bank  doth  yield  thee  conies  ;  and  the  tops 

At  his  great  birth,  where  all  the  Muses  met  *.  Fertile  of  wood,  Ashore  and  Sydney's  copps, 

*  Sir  Philip  Sidney  was  born  at  Penshurst  Nov.  29,  1554.  "  That  taller  tree,"  produced  from  an 
acorn  planted  on  his  birth -day,  and  which  has  been  the  theme  of  many  Poets,  is  no  longer  standing. 
It  is  said  to  have  been  felled  by  mistake  in  1*68  ;  a  wretched  apology,  if  true,  and,  in  a  case  of  such 
notoriety,  scarcely  possible.  Waller,  in  one  of  his  poems,  written  at  Penshurst  where  he  amu»ed 
himself  with  falling  in  love,  has  an  allusion  to  this  oak : 

"  Go,  boy,  and  carve  this  passion  on  the  bark 
Of  yonder  tree,  which  stands  the  sacred  mark 
Of  noble  Sidney's  birth,"  &c. 

On  which  the  commentator  on  his  poems  observes  that  though  no  tradition  of  the  circumstance 
remained  in  the  family,  yet  the  observation  of  Cicero  on  the  Marian  oak  might  not  unaptly  be 
applied  to  it :  "  Manet  vero  et  semper  mam-hit.  Sata  est  enim  ingenio.  Nullius  auteua  agricolse 
cultu  stirps  tarn  diuturna  quam  poetae  versu  scminari  potest."  De  Leg.  lib.  1. 

About  a  century  after  the  date  of  Waller's  verses,  this  oak  was  still  standing,  and  the  ingenious 
Mr.  F.  Coventry  wrote  the  following  lines  under  its  shade  : 

"  Stranger,  kneel  here!  to  age  due  homage  pay  ;      He  perish'd  early;  I  just  stay  behind 
When  great  Eliza  held  Britannia's  sway  An  hundred  years;  and  lo  !  my  clefted  rind. 

My  growth  began, — the  same  illustrious  morn,         My  wither'd  boughs  foi-etell  destruction  nigh  ; 
Joy  to  the  hour  !  saw  gallant  Sidney  born.  We  all  are  mortal ;  oaks  and  heroes  die." 

GIFFOBD. 

t  "  There  is  an  old  tradition  that  a  Lady  Leicester  (wife  undoubtedly  of  Sir  Robert  Sydney)  was 
taken  in  travail  under  an  oak  in  Penshurst  Park,  which  was  afterwards  called  my  Lady's  Oak."  G. 

J  "This  coppice  is  now  called  Lady  Gamage's  bower;  it  being  said  that  Barbara  Gamage, 
Countess  of  Leicester,  used  to  take  great  delight  in  feeding  the  deer  therein  from  her  own  hands." 
Dug.  Baron.  This  Lady  was  daughter  and  heiress  of  John  Gamage,  of  Coytie  in  Glamorganshire, 
the  wife  of  the  first  Earl,  and  the  "  good  Lady  "  mentioned  in  the  extract  in  the  text. 


PREFACE. 


Didst  thou  then  make  'em  I  and  what  praise  was  heap'd 

On  thy  good  Lady,  then  !  who  therein  reap'd 

The  just  reward  of  her  high  huswifry  ; 

To  have  her  linen,  plate,  and  all  things  nigh, 

When  she  was  far  ;  and  not  a  room,  but  drest 

As  if  it  had  expected  such  a  guest  !  " 

In  a  Survey  of  Putney  taken  in  1617,  the  house  built  at  the  village  in  1596 
by  John  Lacy,  Citizen  and  Clothworker,  is  described,  as  "  a  fair  edifice  in  which 
his  Majesty  has  been  V 


To  crown  thy  open  table,  doth  provide 

The  purpled  pheasant  with  the  speckled  side ; 

The  painted  partridge  lies  in  ev'ry  field, 

And  for  thy  mess  is  willing  to  be  kill'd. 

And  if  the  high-swoln  Medway  fail  thy  dish, 

Thou  hast  thy  ponds,  that  pay  thee  tribute  fish, 

Fat  aged  carps  that  run  into  thy  net, 

And  pikes,  now  weary  their  own  kind  to  eat, 

As  loth  the  second  draught  or  cast  to  stay, 

Officiously  at  first  themselves  betray. 

Bright  eels  that  emulate  them,  and  leap  on  land, 

Before  the  fisher,  or  into  his  hand. 

Then  hath  thy  orchard  fruit,  thy  garden  flowers, 

Fresh  as  the  air,  and  new  as  are  the  hours. 

The  early  cherry,  with  the  later  plum, 

Fig,  grape,  and  quince,  each  in  his  time  doth  come  ; 

The  blushing  apricot,  and  woolly  peach 

Hang  on  thy  walls,  that  every  child  may  reach  ; 

And  though  thy  walls  be  of  the  country  stone 

They're  rear'd  with  no  man's  ruin,  no   man's 

groan ; 
There 's  none,  that  dwell  about  them,  wish  them 

down  ; 

But  all  come  in,  the  farmer  and  the  clown  ; 
And  no  one  empty-handed,  to  salute 
Thy  Lord  and  Lady,  though  they  have  no  suit. 
Some  bring  a  capon,  some  a  rural  cake, 
Some  nuts,  some  apples ;  some  that  think  they 

make 

The  better  cheeses,  bring  them  ;  or  else  send 
By  their  ripe  daughters,  whom  they  would  com- 
mend 

This  way  to  husbands  ;  and  whose  baskets  bear 
An  emblem  of  themselves  in  plum  or  pear. 


But  what  can  this  ( more  than  express  their  love) 

Acid  to  thy  free  provisions,  far  above 

The  need  of  such  ?  whose  liberal  board  doth  flow, 

With  all  that  hospitality  doth  know ! 

Where  comes  no  guest,  but  is  allow'd  to  eat, 

Without  his  fear,  and  of  thy  Lord's  own  meat ; 

Where  the  same  beer  and  bread,  and  self-same 

That  is  his  Lordship's,  shall  be  also  mine,   [wine, 

And  I  not  fain  to  sit,  (as  some  this  day 

At  great  men's  tables,)  and  yet  dine  away. 

Here  no  man  tells  my  cups ;  nor  standing  by, 

A  waiter,  doth  my  gluttony  envy ; 

But  gives  me  what  I  call,  and  lets  me  eat, 

He  knows,  below,  he  shall  find  plenty  of  meat ; 

Thy  tables  hoard  not  up  for  the  next  day, 

Nor,  when  I  take  my  lodging,  need  I  pray 

For  fire,  or  lights,  or  livery ;  all  is  there  ; 

As  if  thou  then  wert  mine,  or  1  reign'd  here ; 

There 's  nothing  I  can  wish,  for  which  I  stay. 

[Then  follow  the  lines  above  quoted  in  the  text."] 
These,  Penshurst,  are  thy  praise,  and  yet  not  all ; — 
Thy  Lady's  noble,  fruitful,  chaste  withal; 
His  children  thy  great  Lord  may  call  his  own, — 
A  fortune,  in  this  age,  but  rarely  known ; 
They  are,  and  have  been  taught  religion  ;  thence 
Their  gentler  spirits  have  suck'd  innocence  ; 
Each  morn,  and  even,  they  are  taught  to  pray, 
With  the  whole  household,  and  may,  every  day, 
Read  in  their  virtuous  parents'  noble  parts, 
The  mysteries  of  manners,  arms,  and  arts. 
Now,  Penshurst,  they  that  will  proportion  thee 

With  other  edifices,  when  they  see 

Those  proud  ambitious  heaps,  and  nothing  else, 

May  say,  their  Lords  have  built,  but  thy  Lord 
dwells. 


1  Lysons's  Environs  of  London,  vol.  I.  p.  407;  vol.  II.  p.  394.  It  was  the  same  house  at  which 
Queen  Elizabeth  was  so  very  frequent  a  visitor  j  see  her  "  Progresses,"  vol.  II.  p.  92.  It  is  still 
standing,  and  the  ceiling  of  the  Drawing-room  is  ornamented  with  the  Clothworkers'  arms.  It 
will  be  remembered  that  King  James  was  a  Clothworker ;  see  vol.  II.  p.  132. 


PREFACE.  XIX 

Of  doubtful,  indeed  very  doubtful,  authenticity  is  the  Visit  which  the  fol- 
lowing letter,  which  was  printed  in  the  Gentleman's  Magazine  for  December 
17Gy,  attributes  to  the  King:  "  MR.  URBAN,  I  believe  most  of  your  numerous 
readers  have  seen  or  heard  of  the  old  song  of  The  King  and  the  Tinker  ',  though 
perhaps  few  of  them  are  acquainted  with  the  scene  of  that  merry  transaction. 
Crossing  Ashdown  Forest,  in  my  way  to  Lewes,  about  35  years  ago8,  I  came  to 
a  little  ale-house  called  Duddleswell,  which  (though  little  better  than  an  hovel) 
gives  name  to  a  very  extensive  manor,  and  still  retains  the  traditionary  honour 
of  having  entertained  the  funny  Monarch  King  Jemmy  and  his  jovial  companion 
the  Tinker.  They  shewed  me  the  chimney  corner,  where  his  Majesty  sat 
enthroned,  and  directed  me  to  King's-standing,  about  a  mile  off,  where  the  King 
and  his  new  acquaintance  came  up  with  the  Courtiers,  and  where  an  oak  was 
planted  upon  that  occasion,  which  has  always  gone  by  the  name  of  King's-stand- 
ing Oak3,  and  a  few  years  ago  was  remarkably  overgrown  with  a  long  hairy  sort 
of  moss,  but,  alas!  when  I  went  to  this  tree  last  I  found  it  almost  despoiled  of  its 
venerable  beard  by  the  passengers  beating  down  the  small,  twigs  to  which  it 
adhered,  and  carrying  them  away  as  a  great  curiosity.  However,  I  have  enclosed 
a  little  tuft  thereof  as  a  specimen,  and  likewise  a  map  of  Ashdown  Forest,  or 
Lancaster  Great  Park,  published  about  twenty  years  ago,  which  I  would  recom- 
mend to  the  notice  of  your  readers.  I  am,  Sir,  yours,  &c.  L.  M." 

Another  alleged  visit  of  the  King,  which  appears  to  be  deficient  in  authenticity, 
is  one  which  was  probably  first  asserted  in  the  following  passage  of  Dr.  Fuller 
in  his  introduction  to  the  Worthies  of  Herefordshire:  "There  cannot  be  given 
a  more  effectual  evidence  of  the  healthful  aire  in  this  Shire,  than  the  vigorous 
vivacity  of  the  inhabitants  therein;  many  aged  folk  which  in  other  Counties  are 
properties  of  the  chimneyes,  or  confined  to  their  beds,  are  here  found  in  the  field 
as  able  (if  willing)  to  work.  The  ingenious  Mr.  Serjeant  Hoskin  gave  an  inter- 
tainment  to  King  James,  and  provided  ten  aged  people  to  dance  the  Morish 

1  "  It  has  been  a  favourite  subject  with  our  English  ballad-makers,"  says  the  Editor  of  the  Elegant 
Extracts,  "to  represent  our  Kings  conversing  either  by  accident  or  design  with  the  meanest  of  their 
subjects.  Of  the  former  kind  are  King  Henry  and  the  Miller  of  Mansfield  [printed  in  the  Elegant 
Extracts],  King  Henry  and  the  Soldier,  King  James  I.  and  the  Tinker,  King  William  III.  and  the 
Forester,  &c.  Of  the  latter  sort  are  King  Alfred  and  the  Shepherd,  King  Edward  IV.  and  the 
Tanner,  King  Henry  VIII.  and  the  Cobler." 

*  That  is,  about  1734.     The  story,  if  a  fabrication,  is  not  of  modern  date. 

3  There  was  a  Royal  chace  in  Ashdown  Forest,  and  the  name  may  have  had  a  far  earlier  origin. 


XX  PREFACE. 

before  him,  all  of  them  making  up  more  than  a  thousand  yeares,  so  that  what 
was  wanting  in  one  was  supplied  in  another, — a  nest  of  Nestors  not  to  be  found 
in  another  place." — This  story  has  been  quoted  in  the  Baronetages,  and  elsewhere, 
with  an  assertion  that  Morehampton  was  the  place  of  the  Royal  entertainment, 
that  being  the  seat  of  the  witty  Sergeant  Hoskyns.  It  appears,  however,  that 
this  assemblage  of  veteran  morris-dancers  really  took  place  at  the  Hereford  races 
in  l60Q,  when  the  King  was  certainly  not  present,  as  the  historian  of  the  festival 
(for  an  historian  it  had}  has  recorded  the  names  of  all  the  visitors  of  consequence1. 
There  is  a  tradition  ^that  both  Queen  Elizabeth  and  King  James  paid  visits 

1  In  the  British  Bibliographer,  vol.  IV.  pp.  326 — 338,  will  be  found  an  account  of  "Old  Meg  of 
Herefordshire  for  a  Mayd-Marian,  and  Hereford  Towne  for  a  Morris-daunce ;  or  twelve  Morris- 
dancers  in  Herefordshire,  of  twelve  hundred  years  old.  London,  1609."  The  visitors  of  rank  were 
"  Lord  Herbert  of  Ragland ;  Sir  Thorn.  Somerset ;  Cha.  Somerset  5  Count  Arundel's  two  sons ;  Sir 
Edw.  Swift :  Sir  Thorn.  Mildemay ;  Sir  Rob.  Yaxley ;  Sir  Ro.  Carey ;  Sir  John  Philpot ;  Sir  Ed. 
Lewes;  Sir  Fr.  Lacon  ;  Sir  James  Scudatnore  j  Sir  Thorn.  Cornwall ;  Sir  Ro.  Bodenham  ;  Sir  Thorn. 
Russeil  ,•  Sir Bascarvile  j  Sir  Th.  Conisby  :  and  Sir  Geo.  Chute." — Whilst  noticing  this  sub- 
ject, it  may  be  as  well  to  mention  that,  in  a  pedigree  of  Andrewes  in  my  History  of  Leicestershire, 
vol.  III.  p.  4S6,  the  following  note  is  appended  to  the  name  of  Thomas,  the  head  of  the  tree,  and 
from  whom  the  late  Dean  of  Canterbury  was  fifth  in  descent :  "This  gentleman  danced,  in  company 
with  five  other  gentlemen,  at  a  Masque  before  King  James  the  First,  in  the  year  1609,  at  the  age  of 
108,  being  the  youngest  of  the  company."  Here  we  find,  it  may  be  remarked,  the  correct  date  of 
the  meeting  at  the  Hereford  races,  blended,  from  Fuller's  assertion,  with  the  name  of  the  King.  It 
should  be  added,  that  even  in  this  short  paragraph  there  are  two  other  errors;  for  "  Thomas  Andros," 
instead  of  being  the  youngest,  was  one  of  the  oldest  of  the  party  ;  nor  was  he  one  of  the  dancers,  but 
one  of  the  four  "  Marshales  of  the  Field,"  who  were  all  upwards  of  a  hundred  years  old,  and  were  in 
addition  to  the  twelve  dancers.  These  four,  we  are  told  in  the  tract,  "  had  no  great  stomacke  to 
daunce  in  the  Morris,  but  took  upon  them  the  office  of  Whiflers."  Perhaps  they  were  also  of  a 
somewhat  superior  rank  in  life. — Brand,  in  his  Popular  Antiquities,  records  the  names  of  eight  indi- 
viduals who  only  "  a  few  years  ago"  danced  a  morris  in  Herefordshire  ;  and,  having  deprived  one  set 
of  veterans  of  the  honour  of  having  danced  before  royalty,  it  may  be  considered  a  propitiation  to 
the  credit  of  old  age  to  adduce  here  an  instance  which  there  seems  no  such  reason  to  doubt.  In 
1773,  when  Christian  VI.  King  of  Sweden,  and  his  Queen,  Sophia  Magdalena,  visited  their  Nor- 
wegian dominions,  they  resided  at  the  house  of  Lieut.-Colonel  Colbiornson,  in  Frederickshall.  What 
is  called  a  jubilee  wedding  was  then  performed  in  the  garden,  under  tents  pitched  for  that  purpose. 
There  were  four  couples  married,  being  country  people  invited  from  the  adjacent  parts,  each  of  whom 
was  one  hundred  years  of  age.  These  eight  people  made  themselves^extremely  merry  at  this  jubilee- 
wedding  ;  the  women,  according  to  the  custom  of  their  country,  danced  with  green  wreaths  on  their 
heads,  which  are  always  worn  in  Norway  by  brides  on  their  wedding  day.  They  had  each  a  handsome 
present  to  defray  their  expences  home. 


PREFACE.  XXI 

to  Parham  in  Sussex,  in  the  reign  of  the  latter  the  seat  of  Sir  Thomas  Bishopp, 
Bart,  and  now  of  his  descendant  Lord  de  la  Zouch. 

In  a  manuscript  History  of  Hatfield  near  Doncaster,  written  by  Abraham  de 
la  Pry  me  about  IJOO,  one  of  the  numerous  chapters  into  which  the  work  is 
divided,  treats : 

"  Of  the  Progress  that  Henry  Prince  of'  Wales  took  into  Yorkshire,  with 

several  Lords  and  Gentlemen. 

"  As  it  is  a  great  pleasure  and  satisfaction  unto  an  ingenious  and  curious  man 
to  behold  the  rarity  and  works  of  art  and  nature  in  all  countrys,  so  the  noble 
Henry  Prince  of  Wales,  Duke  of  Cornwall,  and  Earl  of  Chester,  the  first  son  of 
King  James  the  First,  haveing  a  mind  to  take  a  Progress  into  the  country,  to 
divert  himself,  and  behold  the  raritys  thereof,  he  set  out  of  London  about  the 
9th  of  July  in  the  year  1609,  haveing  many  attendant  Noblemen  and  Gentlemen 
in  his  company.  They  bent  their  course  towards  York  by  easy  marches,  to  see 
that  second  Citty  in  England,  but  being  mett  upon  the  road  by  Sir  Robert  Swift, 
Sir  Henry  Lee,  Sir  Rob.  Anstrudder,  Sir Copley,  and  several  other  Gen- 
tlemen, many  of  which  belonging  to  the  King's  Mannor  and  Chace  of  Hatfield, 
as  the  two  first  named,  they  prevailed  with  the  Prince  to  go  with  them  to  Hat- 
field,  and  to  hunt  a  stagg.  Which  they  being  agreed  to,  Sir  Robert  Swift, 
who  was  Bow-bearer  unto  the  King,  gave  the  Prince  and  his  retinue  a  noble 
treat  at  Stristerop  [Streetthorpe],  where  he  lived,  and  where  the  Prince  lay  that 
night.  The  next  day,  the  Prince,  being  earnest  for  the  sport,  ^desired  to  be  pur- 
suing the  same,  which  being  understood,  they  all  mounted  on  horsback,  and 
haveing  fain  into  a  rang,  they  soon  raised  a  stagg,  which  being  very  strong  kept 
them  in  play  a  great  while,  and  then  strikeing  over  the  low  commons  escaped 
them ;  but,  another  being  soon  after  raised,  after  a  fierce  chace  the  dogs  pulled 
him  down  not  farr  from  the  Town  of  Hatfield,  where  the  Prince,  being  met  and 

welcomed  by Portington,  Esq.  (belonging  likewise  to  the  King's  game) 

and  by  others,  Sir  Henry  Lee  envited  him  to  his  house,  where  they  feasted  and 
enjoyed  themselves  very  plentifully. 

"  After  this  the  chief  Regarder  of  Thorn,  and Portington,  Esq.  haveing 

promised  the  next  day  to  let  the  Prince  see  such  sport  as  he  never  saw  in  his  life, 
the  Prince  and  his  retinue  went  with  them  ;  and  being  come  to  Tudworth,  where 
Mr.  Portington  lived,  they  all  embarked  themselves  in  almost  a  hundred  boats 

VOL.  I.  d 


PREFACE. 

that  were  provided  there  ready,  and  having  frighted  some  hundreds  of  deer  out  of 
the  woods,  grounds,  and  closes  adjoining  (which  had  been  driven  there  in  the 
night  before),  they  all,  as  they  were  commonly  wont,  took  to  the  water,  and,  this 
little  Royal  navy  pursuing  them,  they  soon  drove  them  into  that  lower  part  of 
the  levels  called  Thorne  Meer,  and  there  being  up  to  their  very  necks  in  water, 
their  horned  heads  seemed  to  represent  a  little  wood,  and  here  being  encompassed 
about  with  the  little  fleet,  some  ventured  amongst  them,  and  feeling  such  and  such 
that  were  fattest,  they  either  immediately  cut  their  throats  and  threw  them  up 
into  the  boats,  or  else  tying  a  strong  long  rope  to  their  heads  drew  them  to  land 
and  killed  them.  Having  thus  taken  several,  they  returned  in  triumph  with 

their  booty  to  land,  and  the  Prince  that  day  dined  with Portington,  Esq. 

and  was  very  merry  and  well  pleased  at  his  day's  work.  But  longing  to  be  at 
York,  he  came  that  night  unto  Hatfield,  and  lodged  there;  and  there  being 
attended  with  all  the  gentlemen  that  the  country  could  of  a  sudden  afford,  they 
waited  on  him  at  Doncaster,  and  there  taking  their  leaves  returned  home  1." 

Highbury  Place,  October  1826. 

1  Lansdowne  MSS.  897-  It  may  be  considered,  perhaps,  two  sceptical  to  doubt  this  account,  par- 
ticularly as  so  nearly  exact  a  date  is  given ;  but  it  is  remarkable  that  no  concurrent  testimony  of  a 
Progress  of  Prince  Henry  has  occurred,  and  we  find  him  (see  vol.  II.  p.  262)  with  the  King  at  Farn- 
ham  in  Surrey  in  three  weeks  after  the  day  on  which  his  Northern  trip  is  stated  to  have  commenced. 


LIST   OF  PLATES. 

1.  The  Italians'  Pageant,  1 603-4.  Frontispiece  to  Vol.  I.  [see  p.  345]. 

2.  Masquer  at  Lord  Hay's  Marriage,  16*07.  Frontispiece  to  Vol.  II.  [see  p.  11?]. 

3.  Portraitsof  the  King  and  Buckingham.    Frontispiece  to  Vol.  I II.  [seep.  563]. 

4.  Cup  presented  to  the  King  at  Coventry,  1617.  Vol.  III.  p.  429. 

5.  Procession  to  St.  Paul's.         Frontispiece  to  Vol.  III.  Part  II.  [see  p.  593]. 

6.  The   King's   Herse1    in  Westminster  Abbey,  designed  by  Inigo  Jones. 

Vol.  III.  p.  1049. 

[For  a  List  of  the  Thirty-two  illustrative  Portraits  and  Views  see  the  last 

page  of  the  Work.] 

1  The  similar  "  great  stately  herse,"  which  was  erected  in  Westminster  Abbey  at  Prince  Henry's 
Funeral  (see  vol.  II.  p.  501),  is  engraved  in  Sandford's  Genealogical  History,  p.  529. 


LIST    OF   PURCHASERS, 

AS    FAR    A3    KNOWN    TO    THE    PUBLISHER. 


THE  KING'S  LIBRARY. 

The  College  of  Arms,  London. 

The  Library  of  the  Corporation  of  London. 

The  Library  of  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London. 

The  London  Institution. 

The  Library  of  the  Writers  to  the  Signet,  Edinburgh. 
The  Cathedral  Library,  Durham. 

The  Bristol  Library. 
The  Old  Library,  Birmingham. 


His  Grace  the  Duke  of  Bedford,  F.  S.  A. 

His  Grace  the  Duke  of  Rutland,  K.  G. 

His  Grace  the  Duke  of  Newcastle,  K.  G. 

The  Most  Honourable  the  Marquess  of  Northampton,  M.  A.  F.  S.  A. 

The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of  Tankerville. 

The  Right  Honourable  Earl  Spencer,  K.G.  F.  R.S.  and  S.  A. 

The  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of  Lonsdale,  K.  G.  F.  S.  A. 

The  Right  Honourable  Earl  Brownlow,  F.R.  S.  and  S.  A. 

The  Right  Honourable  Lord  Viscount  Strangford,  K.  T.  S. 

The  Right  Honourable  Lord  Viscount  Galway. 
The  Right  Honourable  Lord  Viscount  Melville,  K.  T. 

The  Right  Honourable  Lady  Holland. 

The  Honourable  George  Agar  Ellis,  M.  P.  F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A. 

The  Right  Honourable  Thomas  Grenville,  F.  S.  A. 

Sir  Thomas  Gery  Cullum,  Bart.  F.  R.  A.  and  L.SS. 

Sir  Richard  Colt  Hoare,  Bart.  F.  R.S.  and  S.  A. 

Sir  Henry  Halford,  Bart.  M.  D.  F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A. 

Sir  Thomas  Phillipps,  Bart.  F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A. 

Sir  Claude  Scott,  Bart. 


XXIV 


PURCHASERS. 


Mr.  Arnould,  Bookseller,  Spring  Gardens. 

Messrs.  Baldwin,  Cradock,  and  Joy. 

Messrs.  Beilby,  Knott,  and  Beilby,  Booksellers, 
Birmingham. 

Mr.  Booth,  Bookseller,  Duke-st.  Portland-place. 

Geo.-Weare  Braikenridge,  Esq.  Broomwell  House, 
Brislington  Wick. 

John  Trotter  Brockett,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  Newcastle. 

The  late  Thomas  Byerley,  Esq. 

John  Caldecott,  Esq.  F.S.A.  Holbrook  Grange, 
Rugby. 

Mr.  Emerson  Charnley,  Bookseller,  Newcastle. 

Robert  Clutterbuck,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  Watford. 

Mr.  Combe,  Bookseller,  Leicester. 

Miss  Frances-Mary  Richardson  Currer,  Kildwick 
Hall,  Skipton. 

Rev.  Henry  Drury,  M.  A.  F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A. 

Mr.  Ford,  Bookseller,  Bath. 

Rev.  Thomas-Dudley  Fosbroke,  M.  A.  F.  S.  A. 

Rev.  Hugh- Wade  Gery,  M  .A.  Bushmead  Priory, 
St.  Neot's. 

The  late  Matthew  Gregson,  Esq.  F.  S.  A. 

Messrs.  Harding,  Triphook,  and  Lepard,  Book- 
sellers. 

John  Stockdale  Hardy,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  Leicester. 

Thomas  Heywood,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  Manchester. 

George  Hibbert,  Esq.  F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A. 

Rev.  John  Homfray,  B.  A.  F.  S.  A. 

William  Hopkinson,  Esq.  Stamford. 

Mr.  Jeffrey,  Bookseller,  Pall  Mall. 

William  Jerdan,  Esq.  F.  S.  A. 

The  late  Rev.  Thomas  Leman,  M.  A.  F.  S.  A. 

James  Maidment,  Esq.  Advocate,  Edinburgh. 

Mr.  Mawman,  Bookseller,  Ludgate-street. 


Samuel  Miles,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  Leicester. 

Thomas  Mole,  Esq.  Birmingham. 

John  Morgan,  Esq.  Highbury-place. 

John  Morris,  Esq.  Upper  Gower-street. 

Robert-Edward-Eden  Mynors,  Esq.  M.A.  Weather- 
oak  Hall,  Worcestershire. 

The  Yen.  Robert  Nares,  M.  A.  F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A. 
Archdeacon  of  Stafford. 

Alexander  Nicholson,  Esq.  F.  S.  A.  East  Court, 
Charlton  Kings,  Gloucestershire. 

Nicholas  Harris  Nicolas,  Esq.  F.  S.  A. 

Messrs.  Nornaville  and  Fell,  Booksellers. 

Messrs.  Parbury  and  Allen,  Booksellers. 

William  Parsons,  Esq.  Architect,  Leicester. 

Messrs.  Payne  and  Foss,  Booksellers. 

Rev.  Daniel  Pettiward,  M.  A.  Stowmarket. 

Mr.  Pickering,  Bookseller,  Chancery-lane. 

Mr.  Raw,  Bookseller,  Ipswich. 

Messrs.  Robinson  and  Bent,  Booksellers,  Man- 
chester. 

D.  Rowland,  Esq.  Frant. 

John  Ruggles,  Esq.  Spains  Hall,  Essex. 

John  Soane,  Esq.  R.  A.  F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A. 

Messrs.  Sherwood  and  Co.  Booksellers. 

Messrs.  Simpkin  and  Marshall,  Booksellers. 

Robert  Surtees,  Esq.  F.  S.  A. 

Rev.  James  Symonds,  M.  A.  Great  Ormsby,  Norf. 

G.  Watson  Taylor,  Esq.  M.  P.  D.  C.  L.  F.  S.  A. 

Messrs.  Todd,  Booksellers,  York. 

William  Tooke,  Esq.  F.  R.  S. 

Edmund  Tumor,  Esq.  M.  A.  F.  R.  S.  and  S.  A. 

John  Twemlow,  Esq.  of  Hatherton,  Cheshire. 

Sir  Patrick  Walker,  of  Coats,  Heritable  Usher  to 
the  King  in  Scotland. 


LIST  OF  PAMPHLETS,  MASQUES,  AND  PRINCIPAL 
MANUSCRIPTS  CONTAINED  IN  THE  WORK. 


VOLUME  I. 

1.  Sorrowes  Joy,  the  Cambridge  Poems  on  the  death  of  Elizabeth  and  Accession  of 

James.     Priced  in  Thorpe's  Catalogue  for  1825  at  £.5.  5s.    -  -  -         p.  1 

2.  The  True  Narration  of  the  Entertainment  of  his  Majestic  from  Edinbrough  to  Lon-    \ 

don,  1G03.     Sold  at  Mr.  Cough's  sale  for  <£.4.  10s.  -  53  ' 

3.  Martin's  Speech  to  the  King  in  the  name  of  the  Sheriffs  of  London  and  Middlesex, 

1603  .....       #128 

4.  Daniel's  Panegyric  Congratulatory  at  Burley-Harington,  1603  121 

5.  King  James  his  Entertainment  at  Theobalds,  by  John  Savile,  1603.     Priced  in  the   : 

Eibliotheca  Anglo-Poetica  at  £  .3.  105.  -  -  1.3J 

Ben  Jonson's  Entertainment  of  the  Queen  and  Prince  at  Althorp,  1603.    Priced  t»] 


Clarke's  Catalogue  for  1822  at  £.1.  7s.  -         176 

7.  Procession  to  the  Coronation.     From  a  MS.  in  the  Harleian  Collection  -         229 

8.  Ceremonial  of  the  Coronation.     From  a  MS.  -  _  .         231 

9.  Petowe's  England's  Caesar,  his  Majestie's  most  Royal  Coronation,  1603  235 

10.  Daniel's  Masque  at  Hampton  Court,  1603-4  -  -         305 

11.  Hubbocke's  Oration  Gratulatory  to  the  King  at  the  Tower,  1603.     From  the  only 
known  copy  in  the  Bodleian  Library    ------       *325 

12.  The  King's  Procession  from  the  Tower  to  Whitehall,  1603-4.     From  a  MS.          325 

13.  An  analysis,  with  extracts  and  an  engraving,  of  Harrison's  Seven  Arches  of  Triumph, 
fol.  i603-4.     Sold  at  Mr.  Woodhouse's  safe/or  «£.27.  6*.  :3'J8 
Dekker's  Triumphant  Passage  of  the  King  through  London,  1604.     Sold  at  Mr. 
Reed's  sale  for  £.1.  Is.                                                               -                          -         337 
Ben  Jonson's  Part  of  the  same.     Sold  at  Mr.  Woodhouse's  sale  for  £.7.  7s.  -        377 

1C.  Assessments  of  the  London  Companies  towards  the  King's  Triumphant  Passage, 
1603-4.     From  the  City  Records  400 

17.  Dray  ton's  Paean  Triumphal!,  1604     -      .      -  402 

^§T  Gilbert  Dugdale's  Time  Triumphant,  1604  -  408 

19.  Ben  Jonson's  Panegyre  on  the  King's  happy  Entrance,  1603-4        -  420 

20.  Roll  of  the  Peers  of  Parliament,  1  603-4.^    From  a  MS.  4<24 

21.  Ben  Jonson's  Penates,  at  Highgate,  1604      -  -        431 


lj. 


XXvi  PAMPHLETS,   MASftUES,   AND   MSS.    CONTAINED   IN  THE    WORK. 

22.  Ordinances  of  the  King's  Household,  1604.     From  a  MS,  in  the  Harl.  Coll.     p.  443 

23.  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  Blackness,  1604-5  -  »  -  -        479 

24.  Entertainment  of  the  King,  Queen,  and  Prince,  at  Oxford,  1605.     From  a  MS.  in 
Mr.  Baker's  Collection  in  the  British  Museum  -  -  -        530 

25.  The  Triumphes  of  Re-united  Britania,  the  London  Pageant  of  1605.     From  the 
only  known  copy  in  the  Bodleian  Library         -  -  -  564 

26.  A  Roll  of  the  New  Year's  Guifts,  1605-6.     From  the  original  lately  deposited  in  the 

British  Museum         -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -        593 

VOLUME  II. 

Jonson's  Hymenffii,  at  the  Earl  of  Essex's  Marriage,  with  the  Barriers,  1605-6.       1 

28.  Schedule  of  the  Royal  Jewels,  1605-6  45 

29.  Roberts's  Entertainment  of  the  King  of  Denmark,  1606      -  54 

30.  Ben  Jonson's  Entertainment  of  the  two  Kings  at  Theobalds,  1606  -  70 
51.  Roberts's  England's  Farewell  to  the  King  of  Denmark,  1606  75 

32.  Campion's   Masque  at  the  Marriage  of  Lord  Hay,  1606-7.     Sold  at  Mr.  Rhodes's 
sale  for  <£.10  -  105 

33.  The  Yearly  Charges  of  the  Wardrobe,  1606-7.     From  a  private  MS.  125 

34.  Jonson's  Entertainment  at  the  Queen's  taking  possession  of  Theobalds,  1607       128 

35.  Marston's  Masque  at  Castle  Ashby,  1607      -  ,-         145 

36.  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  Beauty,  1607-8      -  164 

37.  His  Masque  at  Lord  Hadington's  Marriage,  1607-8  176 

38.  His  Masque  of  Queens,  1608-9         -  -  215 

39.  His  Speeches  at  Prince  Henry's  Barriers,  1609-10    -  271 

40.  Chester's  Triumph  in  honour  of  her  Prince,  1610.     Priced  at  .£.25  in  the  Bibliotheca 
Anglo-Poetica  -  -  -         291 

41.  London's  Love  to  the  Royal  Prince  Henrie,    1603.      Sold  at  Mr.  Bindley's  sale 
for  £.Q  315 

42.  The  Creation  of  the  High  and  Mightie  Prince  Henry,  and  of  Knights  of  the  Bath, 

1610.     From  an  almost  unique  copy  in  the  Garrick  Collection,  British  Museum         324 

43.  Fees  on  the  Creation  of  Knights  of  the  Bath,  1603  (not  1610).     From  a  MS.  of 

Camden  in  the  Harleian  Collection     -  -  345 

44.  Daniel  Tethys'  Festival,  or,  The  Queen's  Wake,  1610  -         346 

45.  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  Oberon,  the  Fairy  Prince,  1610-11  376 

46.  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  Love  freed  from  Ignorance  and  Folly  388 

47.  His  Masque  of  Love  Restored  -  397 

48.  The  Funerals  of  the  High  and  Mighty  Prince  Henry,  1612.     From  a  Tract  priced 

at  £.\Q  in  the  Bibliotheca  Anglo-Poetica        -  «...        493 

49.  Taylor's  Heaven's  Blessing  and  EwthV  Jov ;  or  a  Relation  of  the  Fireworks  at  the 

Princess  Elizabeth's  Marriage,  1  ••   .  '   :.,/*,:>. >-?.«',  W*  for  «£.2,  3s,        527 


PAMPHLETS,    MASaUES,   AND    MSS.    CONTAINED    IN   THE   WORK.  XXV11 

50.  The  Magnificent  Marriage  of  the  Count  Palatine  and  Pr.  Elizabeth,  1612-13     536 

51.  The  Lords'  Masque,  by  Campion,  1612-13    -  554 

52.  Chapman's  Masque  of  the  Middle  Temple  and  Lincoln's   Inn,   1612-13.     Sold  at 

Mr.  Rhodes'*  sale  for  £.1.  2».  6d.       -  566 

53.  Beaumont's  Masque  of  the  Inner  Temple  and  Gray's  Inn,  1612-13  591 

54.  Entertainments  of  the  Count  Palatine  and  Princess  Elizabeth  through  Germany, 

1612-13.     Sold  at  Mr.  Rhodes' s  sale  for  £.  1 0  6 1 2 

55.  Campion's  Entertainment  of  the  Queen  at  Cawsome  House.     Sold  (with  Campion's 
Lord's  Masque  above-mentioned)  at  Mr.  Rhodes's  sale  for  £.10    .      -  630 

56.  Naile's   Entertainment  of  the  Queen  at  Bristol,  1613.     From  the  only  known  copy  in 
the  Bodleian  Library  -  -  648 

57.  Middleton's  Triumphs  of  Truth,  the  London   Pageant  for   1613.      Sold  at  Mr. 

Nassau's  sale  for  £.8.  8s.       -  679 

58.  His  Entertainment  at  Opening  the  New  River,  1613  697 

59.  Campion's  Maske  at  the  Earl  of  Somerset's  Marriage,  1613.  Sold  at  Mr.  Rhodes's 
sale  for  £.10  707 

60.  Ben  Jonson's  Challenge  at  Tilt  at  the  same  -                         -  716 

61.  His  Irish  Masque,  1613-14    -  719 

62.  The   MasqMe  of  Flowers,   by  Gentlemen  of  Gray's  Inn,   1613-14.     Sold  at  Mr. 

Rhodes's  sale  for  £.2.  6s.        -  735 

63.  Prologue  and  Choruses  of  Daniel's  Hymen's  Triumph,  1613-14.  7  49 

VOLUME  III. 

64.  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  Mercury  vindicated  from  the  Alchemists,  1614-15.          30 

65.  Bishop  Corbet'?  Grave  Poem,  and  the  Cambridge  Madrigal,  its  Answer;  and  a 
Courtier's  Censure  of  the  King's  Entertainment  at  both  Universities,  1614-15       66 

66.  Munday's  Metropolis    Coronata,   the   London   Pageant  for    1615.      Sold  at  Mr. 
Bindley' s  sale  for  £.7.  17 s.  6d.  107 

67-  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  the  Golden  Age  Restored,  1615-16  -         124 

68.  Fennpr's  "  Descriptions,"  being  Poetical  Speeches  delivered  before  the  King,  &c. 

1616.     Sold  at  Mr.  Bindley' s  sale  for  £.6.  \6s.  6d.     -  140 

69.  Munday's  Chrysanaleia,  the  London  Pageant  for  I6l6.     Sold  at  Mr.  Bindley' s  sale 
-^Jor  £.7.  7s.    -  195 

70.  Middleton's  Civitatis  Amor,  the  Citie's  Love  to  Prince  Charles,  with  his  Creation, 

the  Barriers,  and  Creation  of  the  Knights  of  the  Bath,  1616.  Sold  at  Mr.  Rhodes's 

sale for  £.5. 5s.                                                               -      •      -  208 

71.  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  Christmas,  1616-17             •  •                      234 

72.  His  Masque  of  Lethe,  1616-17  247 

73.  The  Manner  of  King  James's  first  coming  to  Lincoln,  and  his  nine  days'  Entertain- 
ment there,  1617.     Prow  a  MS.  in  the  Bodleian  Library  260 


XXviii          PAMPHLETS,   MASftUES,   AND   MSS.    CONTAINED   IN   THE    WORK. 

74.  Cupid's  Banishment,  a  Masque  before  the  Queen  at  Deptford,  by  Robert   White. 

From  a  MS.  formerly  Mr.  Evelyn's    -  283 

75.  Weldon's  Satyrical  Description  of  Scotland,  1617.    From  MSS.  in  Brit.  Mas.  338 

76.  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  the  Vision  of  Delight  457 
77-  His  Pleasure  reconciled  to  Virtue;  and  Antimasque  for  the  Honour  of  Wales  500 

78.  Funeral  of  the  Queen,  1619-     From  a  MS.  of  Camden,  in  the  Harleian  Collection  538 

79.  Middleton's  Triumphs  of  Love  and  Antiquity,  the  London  Pageant  for  1619.     Sold 
at  Mr.  JRhodes's  sale  for  £A.  6s.  -  570 

80.  The  King's  Procession  to  St.  Paul's,  1620.     From  a  MS.  in  the  College  of  Arms  598 

81.  Squire's  Tryumphes  of  Peace,  the  London  Pageant  of  1620.     Sold  at  Mr.  Bindley's 

sale  for  £.0.  5s.  619 

82.  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  News  from  the  New  World  in  the  Moon,  1620-1  636 

83.  His  Masque  of  the  Metamorphosed  Gipsies,  1621    -  -  673 

84.  Middleton's  Sun  in  Aries,  the  London  Pageant  for  1 621       -  -  -  724 

85.  Ben  Jonson's  Masque  of  Augurs.  1621-2       -  -  736 

86.  His  Masque  of  Time  Vindicated,  1622-3       -  -  786 

87.  Arrival  and  Magnificent  Entertainment  of  Prince  Charles  at  Madrid,  1623  818 

88.  Fees  on  the  Creation  of  a  Duke  and  Earl,  1623.     From  a  Lansdowne  MS.  851 
89-  Two  Royal  Entertainments  at  Madrid,  at  Easter  and  Pentecost,  1623  856 
90.  The  Solemne  and  Royall  Entertaynement,  given  unto  the  two  Spanish  Ambassadors 

at  Whitehall,  1623.     From  a  MS.  in  the  Harleian  Collection  881 

91'  Royal  Festivities  and  Juego  de  Canas,  before  Prince  Charles  at  Madrid,  1623  889 

92.  The  Joyfull  Returne  of  Prince  Charles  from  Spaine,  1623  -  907 

93.  Jonson's  Masque  of  Neptune's  Triumph  for  the  Return  of  Albion,  1623-4  948 

94.  His  Masque  of  Pan's  Anniversary,  1624       -  987 

95.  His  Masque  of  Owls  at  Kenelworth,  1624    -  997 

96.  His  Masque  of  the  Fortunate  Isles,  1624-5  -                                                    -  1012 

97.  Allowance  of  Black  and  necessaries  for  the  King's  Funeral.    From  Harl.  MSS.  1034 

98.  Procession  and  Solemnity  of  the  King's  Funeral.     From  the  official  record  in  the 

College  of  Arms  -  -       1036 

99.  Necessaries  for  the  Coronation,  1603.     From  a  MS.  in  the  Cottonian  Collection    1058 

100.  Warrant  for  Prince  Henry's  Robes,  1604.     From  a  Lansdowne  MS.  -       1062 

101.  Thinges  to  be  provided  for  the  Creation  of  the  Prince,  1610.  From  a  Cotton  MS.  1082 

102.  Procession  to  Parliament,  1614.     From  an  Harleian  MS.   -  -       JOyi 

103.  Speeches  to  the  King- at  Ripon,  1617.     From  a  scarce  volume  of  poetry       -       1100 

104.  Fees  for  the  Creation  of  a  Viscount  and  a  Baron,  1618.     From  an  Harl.  MS.  1 103 


XXIX 

CHRONOLOGICAL  LISTS  OF  THE  PEERAGES  CREATED  BY 
KING  JAMES  THE  FIRST. 


[Those  only  are  now  in  existence  which  are  printed  in  Italic  type . —  One  or  two  dates,  given 
incorrectly  or  imperfectly  in  the  course  of  the  Work,  are  here  amended ;  particularly  those  of 
the  Irish  titles,  which  are  now  given  as  in  the  original  patents,  from  an  obliging  communication 
of  Sir  William  Betham,  Ulster  King  at  Arms. — Alphabetical  lists  will  be  found  in  the  General  Index.] 


ENGLISH. 

1603,  May  13.     1.  Cecil,  Baron  Cecil  of  Essendon             See  vol.  I.  p.  11 9. 

2.  Sydney,  Baron  Sydney  of  Penshurst  -  ibid. 

3.  Knollys,  Baron  Knollys  of  Grays  ibid. 
4.  Wotton,  Baron  Wotton  of  Maherljr  -  ibid. 

July  21.      1.  Wriothesley,  Earl  of  Southampton     -  204. 

2.  Howard,  Earl  of  Suffolk      -  ibid. 

3.  Blount,  Earl  of  Devonshire    -  ibid. 

5.  Egerton,  Baron  Ellesmere    -  ibid. 

6.  Russell,  Baron  Russell  of  Thornhaugh  205. 

7.  Grey,  Baron  Grey  of  Groby  ibid. 

8.  Petre,  Baron  Petre  of  brittle  ibid. 

9.  Harington,  Baron  Harington  of  Exton  ibid. 

10.  Danvers,  Baron  Danvers  of  Dantsey  -  ibid. 

1 1.  Gerard,  Baron  Gerard  of  Gerards  Bromley  -         ibid. 

12.  Spencer,  Baron  Spencer  of  Wormleighton  ibid. 

Aug.  9.     13.  Fiennes,  Baron  Say  and  Sele  (patentof  confirm- 
ation of  Barony  by  Writ1,  with  this  precedency)  III.  1058. 

Mar.  13. 14.  Howard,  Baron  Howard  of  Marnhill,  and 

4.  .-  Earl  of  Northampton  I.  320. 

5.  Sackville,  Earl  of  Dorset     -  ibid. 

1604,  July  7.  15.  Hume,  Baron  Hume  of  Berwick  -    III.  1063. 
Aug.  20.     I.  Cecil,  discount  Cranborne     -  1064. 

1  Francis  Davison  the  Poet,  writing  to  his  father,  Secretary  Davison,  from  Lucca  in  November 
1596,  says,  "Here  hath  been  of  late  with  the  Great  Duke  Sir  Richard  Fiennes,  for  whose  restoring 
to  an  old  undeserved  Barony  I  remember  you  were  a  suitor  at  your  being  at  Court."  Poetical 
Rhapsody,  ed.  1325. 

VOL.  I.  e 


XXX  ENGLISH    PEERAGES    CREATED    BY    KING    JAMES   THE    FIRST. 

Oct.  2/.  16.  Denny,  Baron  Denny  of  Waltham  (by  Writ)  III.  1064. 

Jan.  6*.       1.  Stuart,  Duke  of  York                                         -  1. 472. 

16*05,  May  4.     6.  Cecil,  Earl  of  Salisbury  510. 

7.  Cecil,  Earl  of  Exeter  ibid. 

17.  Herbert,  Baron  Herbert  of  Shurland,  and 

8. Earl  of  Montgomery  ibid. 

2.  Sydney,  Viscount  Lisle  ibid. 

18.  Stanhope,  Baron  Stanhope  of  Harington  -  1.511. 

19.  Carew,  Baron  Carew  of  Clopton  ibid. 

20.  Arundel,  Baron  Arundel  of  Wardour  ibid. 

21.  Cavendish,  Baron  Cavendish  of  Hardwick  -  ibid. 

1607,  July  4.  22.  Knyvett,  Baron  Knyvett  of  Escrick  (by  Writ)  III.  1076*. 

1608,  July   9.  23.  Clifton,  Baron  Clifton  of  Leighton  Broms- 

would  (by  Writ)     -                                         -  III.  1078. 
1610,  June  4.     Henry  Stuart,  Prince  of  Wales  and  Earl  of  Chester    II.  329. 

l6ll, March 25.  3.  Car,  Viscount  Rochester  414. 
1613,  Oct.   6.  24.  Stuart,  Baron  Settringham,  and 

9. Earl  of  Richmond      -  677. 

Nov.  3.  25.  Car,  Baron  Brancepeth,  and 

10.  Earl  of  Somerset  702. 

1615,  June  29.  26.  Hay,  Baron   Hay  of  Sawley    [the   first  Peer 

created  without  investiture]                             -  III.  94. 

30.  27.  Dormer,  Baron  Dormer  of  fringe  -  ibid. 

16*16,   June  9.  28.  Holies,  Baron  Houghton  182. 

29.  Roper,  Baron  Teynham  ibid. 

22.  30.  Manners,  Baron  Roos  of  Hamlake     -  1097. 

Aug.27.  31.  Villiers,  Baron  Whaddon,  and 

4. Viscount  Villiers  189. 

Charles  Stuart,  Prince  of  Wales  and  Earl  of  Chester  214. 

5.  Egerton,  discount  BraMey  -  222. 

6.  Knollys,  Viscount  Wallingford  223. 
32.  Stanhope,  Baron  Stanhope  of  Shejford  ibid. 

Jan.  5.      11.  Villiers,  Earl  of  Buckingham              -  233. 

Mar.  23.  33.  Noel,  Baron  Noel  of  Ridlingtpn  260. 

1617,  May  27.    12.  Egerton,  Earl  of  Bridgewater                       -  266,335. 


ENGLISH    PEERAGES    CREATED    BY    KING    JAMES    THE    FIRST.  XXXI 

1.  Villiers,  Marquis  of  Buckingham        -    vol.  III.  p.  452. 

13.  Beaumont,  Countess  of  Buckingham  (for  life)  485. 

7.  Hay,  Viscount  Doncaster       -  ibid. 

34.  Bacon,  Baron  Verulam  488. 

14.  Sydney,  Earl  of  Leicester  ibid. 

15.  Compton,  Earl  of  Northampton  489. 

6.  16.  Rich,  Earl  of  Warwick  490. 

7.  17.  Cavendish,  Earl  of  Devonshire  ibid. 


Nov.  25.    35.  Digby,  Baron  Digby  of  Sherborne  -  496. 

1619,  June    7.    36.  Stuart,  Baron  Stuart  of  Leighton  Bromswould,  and 

18.  ---  Earl  of  March  552. 

-  16.    37.  Hamilton,  Baron  Ennerdale,  and 

ig.  --  Earl  of  Cambridge  553- 

-  19.    38.  Villiers,  Baron  Villiers  of  Stoke,  and 

8.  •  -  Viscount  Purbeck  -  554- 

1620,  Nov.   9.    39.  Cavendish,  Baron  Ogle  of  Bothal,  and 

9.  .  -  Viscount  Mansfield  628. 
Dec.  19.    40.  Montagu,  Baron  Kimbolton,  and 

10.  -  •  Viscount  Mandeville  629. 

-  30.    41.  Fielding,  Baron  Fielding  of  Newnham  Padox,  and 

1  1  .  •  ----  Viscount  Fielding  630. 
Jan.  19.    42.  Greville,  Baron  Brooke  of  Beauchamps  Court  1  107. 

-  22.    43.  Ramsay,  Baron  Kingston-upon-Thames,  and 

20.  --  Earl  of  Holder-ness  648. 

-  27.    12.  Bacon,  Viscount  St.  Alban's  ibid. 

-  28.     13.  Norris,  Viscount  Thame,  and 

21.  --  Earl  of  Berkshire     -  649. 

1621,  June  29.    44.  Montagu,  Baron  Montagu  of  Boughton  667. 
July  5.       14.  Darcy,  with  remainder  to  Savage,  Viscount 

Colchester  668. 

-  6.      15.  Carey,  Viscount  Rochford     -  ibid. 
--  9.      45.  Cranfield,  Baron  Cranfield  of  Cranfield  ibid. 
Jan.  23.    46.  Howard,  Baron  Howard  of  Charlton,  and 

16.  --  Viscount  Andover  -  751. 

1622,  Sept.  13.    22.  Hay,  Earl  of  Carlisle  778. 


XXXii  ENGLISH    PEERAGES    CREATED    BY   KING   JAMES   THE    FIRST. 

1622,  Sept.  14.  23.  Fielding,  Earl  of  Denbigh  vol.  III.  p.  778. 

15.  24.  Digby,  Earl  of  Bristol  ibid. 

16".  25.  Cranfield,  Earl  of  Middlesex  ibid. 

Feb.  6.  47.  Carey,  Baron  Carey  of  Leppington  -  804. 

March  8.  48.  Rich,  Baron  Kensington  814. 

1623,  April  18.  49.  Villiers,  Baron  Daventry,  and 

26. Earl  of  Anglesey     -  844. 

May  17.    27.  Stuart,  Earl  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne,  and 

2. Duke  of  Richmond   -  854- 

18.    28.  Villiers,  Earl  of  Coventry,  and 

3. Duke  of  Buckingham  855- 

July  8.      17.  Finch,  Viscountess  Maidstone  878. 

Feb.  11.    50.  Grey,  Baron  Grey  of  Warke  964. 

1624,  April  3.      51.  Bourke,  Baron  Somerhill,  and 

18.  Viscount  Tunbridge  970- 

July  7.       19.  Fiennes,  Viscount  Say  and  Sele  982. 

Sept.  24.    29.  Rich,  Earl  of  Holland  1005. 

Oct.  26.    52.  Leke,  Baron  Deincourt  of  Sutton      -  1006. 

Nov.  1.      30.  Holies,  Earl  of  Clare  1007. 

Dec.  28.    31.  St.  John,  Earl  of  Bolingbroke  1010. 

29.    53.  Fane,  Baron  Burghersh,  and 

32.  Earl  of  Westmoreland  ibid. 

31.    54.  Ley,  Baron  Ley  of  Ley  ibid. 

Jan.  16.     55.  Robartes,  Baron  Robartes  of  Truro  -  1027. 

March 22.  56.  Conway,  Baron  Conway  of  Ragley   -  1028. 

Thus  King  James  created  in  England  three  Dukedoms,  one  Marquisate, 
thirty-two  Earldoms,  nineteen  Viscounties,  and  fifty-six  Baronies  (including 
three  by  Writ),  in  all  111  Peerages, — about  seven  times  as  many  in  a  reign  of 
twenty-two  years  as  his  Predecessor  had  created  in  a  reign  of  twice  that  dura- 
tion. Twenty  of  them  were  originally  conferred  as  secondary,  and  ninety-one 
as  superior  titles.  The  individuals  on  whom  they  were  bestowed  were  seventy- 
two,  of  whom  fourteen  were  previously  Peers  of  England,  five  of  Scotland,  and 
one  of  Ireland,  the  remaining  fifty-two  being  new  Peers.  Of  the  whole 
number  only  ten  Earldoms,  six  Viscounties,  and  nineteen  Baronies,  in  all  thirty- 
five  Peerages,  are  now  in  existence, — no  less  than  seventy-six  out  of  the  hun- 
dred and  eleven  having  expired.  Those  thirty- five  are  now  vested  in  twenty- 
four  individuals. 


PEERAGES   CREATED    BY   KING    JAMES   THE    FIRST. 


XXX1I1 


1603,  April  5.        1. 
[Unknown.]         2. 

1604,  Feb.  20.       3- 
March  27.  4. 
April  25-     5- 

1605,  March  4.      1. 

3- 

April  7.       6*. 
July  3-        4. 

1606,  March  16.  7. 
18.  1. 

19-  5- 

June  11.      2. 


8. 
9- 



— 

8. 

Aug. 

7- 

9- 

1607, 

July 

19- 

10. 

Aug. 

10. 

11. 

Dec. 

20. 

12. 

13- 

1608, 

May 

5- 

14. 

1609, 

Jan. 

20. 

15- 



26. 

16. 



31- 

17- 

April 

6. 

18. 

June 

28. 

19- 

Nov.  17.    20. 


SCOTTISH. 

Hamilton,  Lord  Abercorn   - 

Erskine,  Lord  Dirletoun. 

Elphinston,  Lord  Balmerinoch 

Erskine,  Lord  Cardross 

Murray,  Lord  Murray  of  Tullibardine 

Home,  Earl  of  Home,  and  Lord  Dunglass  - 

Drummond,  Earl  of  Perth  - 

Seton,  Earl  of  Dunfermline 

Murray,  Lord  Scone 

Home,  Earl  of  Dunbar 

Scott,  Lord  Scott  of  Buccleugh 

Erskine,  discount  of  Pent  on  [the  first  crea- 
tion of  that  dignity  in  Scotland] 

Fleming,  Earl  of  Wigtoun,  Lord  Fleming 
and  Cumbernauld 

Ramsay,  Viscount  of  Hadington,  and  Lord 
Ramsay  of  Barns 

Lyon,  Earl  of  Klnghorn,  Lord  Lyon  %  Glamis  1071. 

Hamilton,  Earl  of  Abercorn,  Lord  Paisley, 
Hamilton,  Mountcastle,  and  Kilpatrictc  - 

Murray,  Earl  of  Tullibardine 

Ker,  Earl  of  Lothian 

Stewart,  Lord  Blantyre 

Balfour,  Lord  Balfour  of  Burleigh 

Stewart,  Lord  Garlics 

Stewart,  Lord  Kincleven 

Elphinston,  Lord  Coupar 

Bothwell,  Lord  Holyroodhouse 

Hamilton,  Lord  Aberbrothwick 

Colville,  Lord  Colville  of  Culross 

Stewart,  Lord  Pittenweem    - 

Drummond,  Lord  Maderty 

Douglas,  Lord  Carlyle  of  Torthorwold 

Preston,  Lord  Dingwall 

Cransloun,  Lord  Cranstoun 


See  vol.  III.  p.  1053- 


1062. 

ibid. 

ibid. 
1065. 

ibid. 

ibid. 

ibid. 
1066. 
1069. 

ibid. 

ibid. 

1070. 


ibid. 

ibid. 

ibid. 

ibid. 
1075- 
II.  143 
*145- 
III.  1077. 

ibid. 
1078. 

ibid. 

ibid. 

ibid. 

1079- 
ibid, 
ibid. 


XXXIV 


SCOTTISH    PEERAGES    CREATED   BY   KING   JAMES   THE    FIRST. 


1609,  Nov.  19.    21.  Mackensie,  Lord  Mackensie  of  Kintail  vol.  III.  p.  1079. 
16*11,  March  7.    22.  Stewart,  Lord  St.  Colme     -  10S2. 

1613, [Unknown]. 23.  Hamilton,  Lord  Binning  and  Byres  133. 

1614,  Sept.  17.    24.  Balfour,  Lord  Kilwinning     -  1092. 

1615,  Aug.  25.    25.  Ramsay,  Lord  Ramsay  of  Melrose  [altered 

in  1619  to  Lord  Ramsay  of  Dalhousie]    -       1093. 

1616,  April  2.  3.  Maitland,  Viscount  of  Lauderdale  -                      136. 

14.  26.  Carnegy,  Lord  Carnegy  of  Kinnaird                       1094. 

30.  27.  Melville,  Lord  Melville  of  Monymaill                  1095. 

Sept.  18.  10.  Ker,  Earl  of  Roxburgh,  Lord  Ker  of  Cessfurd 

and  Cavertoun    -  1098. 

Oct.  4.      28.   Ogilvy,  Lord  Ogilvy  of  Deskford   -  ibid. 

1619,  March  12.  11.  ErsUne,  Earl  of  Kettie       -  531. 

19.   12.  Scott,  Earl  of  Buccleuch,  Lord  fFhitchester 

and  EsMale  532. 

20.    13.  Hamilton,  Earl  of  Mel  rose  [changed  in  1627 

to  Haddington  with  the  same  precedency]  522,  1104- 

1620,  Aug.  20.    14.  Maxwell,  Earl  of  Nithsdale,  Lord  Maxwell, 

Eskdale,  and  Carlyle  1106. 

4.  Carey,  Viscount  of  Falkland  628. 

5.  Constable,  Viscount  of  Dunbar,  and  Lord  Constable  6-2Q. 


Nov.  10. 
14. 

1621,  Aug.  16. 

1622,  Feb.  2. 


6.  Murray,  Fiscount  of  Slormont  711. 

7.  Crichton,  discount  of  Air  -  752. 
29.  Ker,  LordJedburgh                           -                       ibid. 

June  28.      8.  Murray,  Viscount  of  Annand,  and  Lord  Murray 

of  Lochmaben    -  -  770. 

1623,  Sept.  19.    15.  Stewart,  Earl  of  Galloway  906. 

Dec.  3.      16.  Mackensie,  Earl  of  Seaforth  944. 

l625,Marchl3.    17.  Murray,  Earl  of  Annandale  -  1028. 

14.  18.  Maitland,    Earl  of   Lauderdale,    Fiscount 

Maitland,  Lord  Thirlestane  and  Boltoun          ibid. 

The  Scottish  Peerages  conferred  by  King  James  after  his  Accession  to  the 
English  Throne  were,  therefore,  eighteen  Earldoms,  eight  Viscounties,  and 
twenty-nine  Baronies  having  seats  in  Parliament,  in  all  fifty-five,  conferred  on 
forty-five  individuals,  of  whom  fifteen  were  previously  ennobled.  Of  these 
eleven  Earldoms,  five  Viscounties,  and  eighteen  Baronies,  in  all  thirty-four 
Peerages,  vested  in  twenty-four  individuals,  are  now  in  existence.  In  this  calcu- 
lation those  conferred  as  inferior  titles  (in  some  cases  numerous)  are  not  included. 


PEERAGES    CREATED    BY    KING    JAMES    THE    FIRST.  XXXV 

IRISH.  See  vol.  III. 

1603,  Aug.  4.         1.  Butler,  Viscount  Butler  of  Tulleophelim  p.  1058. 

Sept.  27.      1.  O'Donell,  Earl  of  Tirconnell  ;  and 

1. ,  (viz.  the  son  of  every  Earl  of  Tirconnell 

vitd  patris,)  Baron  of  Donegal  1059. 

1612,  Feb.  23.       2.  Chichester,  Baron  Chichester  of  Belfast  1086. 

1616,  May  25.      3.  Ridgeway,  Baron  Ridgeway  of  Gallen  Ridgeway. 
July  19.       4.  Brabazon,  Lord  Brabazon,  Baron  of  Ardee       1097. 

20.      5.  Moore,  Lord  Moore,  Baron  of  Mellefont    -        ibid. 

Sept.  6*.       6".  Boyle,  Lord  Boyle  of  Youghal  1098. 

7.  Touchet,  Baron  Drier,  and 

2.  Earl  of  Castlehaven  189. 

1617,  May  8.         8.  Hamilton,  Lord  Hamilton,  Baron  of  Strabane  1102. 
Jan.  31.      9.  Blount,  Baron  Montjoy. 

Feb.  17.  10.  Lambart,  Lord  Lambart,  Baron  of  Cavan  1103. 
11.  Bourke,  Lord  Bourke,  Baron  of  Brittas  467. 

1618,  July  25.  2.  Macdonnell,  Viscount  Dunluce  485. 
Feb.  19.  3.  Wingfield,  Viscount  Powerscourt      -  523. 

1619,  July  24.  3-  Preston,  Earl  of  Desmond    -  1092. 
Nov.  7.  12.  Stewart,  Baron  Castle-Stewart  581. 

8.  13.  Balfour,  Lord  Balfour,  Baron  of  Clonawley  -  '  ibid. 

Jan.  22.  14-  Folliott,  Lord  Folliott,  Baron  of  Bally  shannon. 

25.  15.  Dillon,  Baron  Kilkenny  ffest  585. 

16*20,  May  30.  iG.  Maynard,  Baron  Maynard  of  Wicklow  607. 

July  13.  17.  Gorges,  Baron  Gorges  of  Dundalk    -  fill. 

-1 29.  18.  Digby,  Baron  Digby  of  Geashill ;  and  614. 

19.  Digby,  Baroness  Oflaley  (for  life)      -  1104- 

Aug.  5.  20.  Hervey,  Lord  Hervey,  Baron  of  Ross  615. 
Oct.  26*.       4.   Boyle,  Discount  Dungarvon,  and 

4. Earl  of  Cork  618. 

Dec.  1.  21.  Fitzwilliam,  Lord  Fitzivilliam,  Baron  of  Liffbrd  629. 

12.      5.  Macdonnell,  Earl  of  Antrim  ibid. 

22.  22.  Caulfield,  Baron  Caulfield  of  Charlemont  -         630. 

Jan.  3.  5.  St.  John,  [remainderto  Filliers,~\  Visc.Grandison  639. 
4.  6.  Wilmot,  Viscount  Wilmot  -             -  1107. 


XXXVI  IRISH    PEERAGES    CREATED    BY    KING    JAMES   THE    FIRST. 

March  1.     7.  Power,  Viscount  Valentia     -  -   vol.  III.  p.  590. 

1621,  May  15.     23.  Docwra,  Lord  Docwra,  Baron  of  Culmore. 

June  29.    24.  Aungier,  Baron  Aungier  of  Longford  667. 

July  13.     25.  Vaughan,  Baron  Vaughan  of  Mullingar. 

— —  29.  26.  Blayney,  Baron  Blayney  of  Monaghan  672. 

Sept.  4.       6.  Nugent,  Earl  of  West meath  716. 

Feb.  7.         8.  Moore,  Fiscount  Moore       -                           .  752. 

March  11.  9.  Annesley,  Viscount  Falentia,  after  death  of  Power  657. 

16.10.  Dillon,  Fiscount  Dillon      -            -            -  1112. 

16*22,  April  3.      11.  Netterville,  Viscount  Netterville  756. 

May  3.      12.  Montgomery,  Viscount  Montgomery  1114. 

4.       13-  Hamilton,  Viscount  Claneboye  761. 

10.    14.  Loftus,  Viscount  Loftus  76*3. 

20.    27.  Esmond,  Lord  Esmond,  Baron  of  Limbrick  -  1114. 

15-  Beaumont,  Viscount  Beaumont  of  Swords     -  764. 

Aug.  5.        7.  Dillon,  Earl  of  Roscommon  775. 

23.      8.  Ridgeway,  Earl  of  Londonderry       -  1114. 

Oct.  1.       28.  O'Malone,  Baron  Glen-Malone  and  Courchy  ibid. 

Nov.  7.      29.  Fielding,  Baron  Fielding  of  Lecaghe,  and 

16". Viscount  Callan ;  and 

9. Earl  of  Desmond,  after  death  of  Preston  781. 

1623,  July  18.     17.  Magenis,  Viscount  Magenis,  and 

30. Baron  of  Wells      -  1119. 

1624,  Nov.  12.      18.  Cromwell,  Viscount  Lecale. 

Dec.  31.    31.  Herbert,  Baron  Herbert  of  Castle  Island  1010. 

Feb.  16".    32.  Calvert,  Baron  Baltimore  1027. 

March  11.  33.  Brereton,  Baron  Brereton  of  Leighlin  -         974. 

The  Irish  Peerages  conferred  by  James  the  First  were  sixty,  namely,  nine 
Earldoms,  eighteen  Viscounties,  and  thirty-three  Baronies.  They  were  bestowed 
on  fifty-one  individuals,  of  whom  one  was  already  an  Irish,  two  English,  and 
two  Scottish  Peers ;  the  remaining  forty-six  were  previously  commoners,  and 
chiefly  English  or  Scottish.  Four  Earldoms,  six  Viscounties,  and  twelve  Baro- 
nies, in  all  twenty-two  Peerages,  now  exist,  vested  in  fifteen  individuals. 

The  total  number  of  Peerages  conferred  by  James  the  First  in  his  three  King- 
doms was  226,  of  which  91  remain. 


XXXV11 

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL  LIST  OF  TRACTS 

ON    THE 

ACCESSION  AND  CORONATION  OF  KING  JAMES. 

"  The  very  Poets,  with  their  idle  pamphlets,  promise  themselves  great  part  in  his  favour."     Letter 
of  Mr.  Chamberlain  to  Mr.  Dudley  Carleton,  April  13,  1603;  see  p.  52. 


ANONYMOUS. 

1.  "  Elizaes  Memorial;  King  James's  Arrival;  and  Rome's  Downfall." 

A  copy  of  a  tract  under  this  tide  was  sold  at  Mr.  Bindley 's  sale,  Aug.  6,  1820,  for  9*.  to  Mr.  Rodd. 

2.  "  A  thing  in  verse  called  King  James  proclaimed." 
Entered  at  Stationers'  Hall  by  Joseph  Busbie,  March  30. 

3.  "A  booke  called  England's  Welcome  to  James,  by   the  grace  of  God  King  of 
England,  France,  and  Ireland,  Defender  of  the  Faithe,  &c.  &c." 

Entered  at  Stationers'  Hall  by  Mr.  Edward  White,  April  8. 

4.  "A  Ballad  of  the  joy  and  ready  preparacion  of  the  Nobles  and  State  of  this  land 
for  the  enterteyning  of  the  King." 

5.  "  A  Ballad  called  England's  sweet  comfort,  with  the  King's  entertaynmente  by  the 
Maior  of  Yorke." 

These  two  were  entered  at  Stationers'  Hall  June  11  and  16. 

6.  "The  Poore's  Lamentation  for  the  death  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  with  a  Prayer  for 
King  James." 

7.  "  A  Triumphant  Song  in  honor  of  the  King's  Coronation  on  St.  James  Day  last, 
provided  that  yt  be  licensed." 

8.  "  A  Ballad  called  a  Song  of  Joye  for  the  King's  Coronation  on  St.  James's-day  last." 

9.  "A  joyful  newe  Ditty  made  of  our  most  gracious  and  now  renowned   King  of 
England,  Scotland,  France,  and  Ireland." 

These  three  were  entered  at  Stationers'  Hall  July  27. 

ROBERT  AYTON.  Forty  pages  of  the  Delitiae  Poetarum  Scotorum,  8vo,  1637,  are 
occupied  by  a  Poem  of  this  Author,  entitled,  "Ad  Jacobum  VI.  Britanniarum.  Regem, 
Angliam  petentem,  Panegyris." 

10.  "A  book  called,  The  Happie  Union  of  the  Kingdomes  of  England  and  Scotland, 
dedicated  to  his  Majestic,  by  F.  B." 

Entered  at  Stationers'  Hall  June  1O. 
JOHN  DE  BERDON. 

11.  "A  book  called,  A  Panegyrical  Congratulation  for  the  Concord  of  the  Realme 
of  Great  Britayne,  in  virtue  of  Religion  and  one  Royalty,  to  the  most  high,  most 
mightie,  and  most  noble  James,  King  of  England  and  Scotland,  8tc.  by  John  de  Berdon." 

Entered  at  Stationers'  Hall  June  7. 
VOL.  I.  f 


XXXvili  TRACTS    ON    KING    JAMEs's    ACCESSION    AND    CORONATION, 

ADAM  BLACKWOOD  (see  Watt's  Bibliotheca  Britannica). 

12. "  Jacobi  Primi  Magnae  Britanniae  seu  Scot-Anglise  et  Hiberniae  Regis  Inauguratio." 
This  was  probably  first  printed  in  1603  or  1604  j  but  it  seems  to  have  been  so  much  admired  that 
there  were  editions  at  Paris,  1606,  4to,  and  Pictav.  1609,  12rao. 

CAMBRIDGE  UNIVERSITY. 

13.  "  Threno-thriambeuticon.      Academiae    Cantabrigiensis   ob   damnum    lucrosum, 
et  infoelicitatem  foelicissimam,  luctuosus  Triumphus.     Cantabrigian,  ex  officina  Johannis 
Legat,  1603."  4to,  pp.  82. 

The  presentation-copy  to  the  King  is  in  the  British  Museum,  presented  by  George  III. ;  the  title- 
page  is  painted  and  gilt,  and  the  pages  are  ruled  throughout. 

14.  "  Sorrowes  Joy ;  or  a  Lamentation  for  our  late  deceased  Soveraigne  Elizabeth, 
with  a  Triumph  for  the  prosperous  Succession  of  our  gratious  King  James,  &c.    Printed 
by  John  Legat,  Printer  to  the  Uni-eersitie  of  Cambridge,  1603." 

This  is  re-printed  hereafter,  pp.  1 — 24. 

HENRY  CHETTLE,  the  Playwright. 

15.  "  England's  Mourning  Garment;  worne  here  by  plain  Shepheardes  in  memorie  of 
their  sacred  Mistress  Elizabeth,  Queen  of  Vertue  while  she  lived,  and  Theame  of  Sorrow 
being  dead.     To  which  is  added  the  true  manner  of  her  imperiall  Funeral,  with  the 
Shepheards'  Spring  Song  for  the  entertainment  of  King  James  our  most  potent  Sove* 
reign.     Dedicated  to  all  that  loved  the  deceased  Queen,  and  honour  the  living  King. 
Non  verbis,  sed  virtute."  4to,  pp.  48. 

This  Tract,  which  is  re-printed  in  the  third  volu  me  of  theHarleian  Miscellany,  is  particularly 
noticed  hereafter,  p.  1 . 

Siu  THOMAS  CRAIG,  of  Riccarton,  Lawyer  and  Antiquary. 

16.  "  Serenissimi  et  invictissimi  Principis  Jacobi  Britanniarum  et  G'alliarum  Regis 
2TE<&ANO«K)PIA.    Per  T.  Cragium,  J.  C.  Edinburgenum.    Excudebat  Robertas  Charteris, 
typographm,  anno  Dom.  1603."  4to,  pp.  20. 

The  copy  presented  to  the  King  is  preserved  in  the  British  Museum.  It  is  bound  in  vellum  covered 
with  gilding. 

SAMUEL  DANIEL,  the  Poet. 

17.  "A  Panegyrike  Congratulatorie  to  the  King's  Majestic.    Also  certaine  Epistles; 
with  a  Defence  of  Ryme,  heretofore  written  and  now  published  by  the  Author.    At  Lon- 
don, imprinted  for  Edward  Blount,  1603."  8vo,  pp.  126. 

A  copy  of  this,  enriched  by  manuscript  remarks,  criticisms,  and  extracts,  (as  well  from  Daniel's 
other  productions,  as  from  the  tracts  by  Thomas  Campion,  to  which  Daniel's  "Defence"  was  written 
as  a  reply,)  and  in  which  a  fine  pen  and  ink  drawing  of  Daniel,  from  a  print  believed  to  be  unique, 
is  also  inserted ;  "  is  marked  in  the  Bibliotheca  Anglo-Poetica  at  £.6,  6s. — Another  edition  hand- 
somely printed  in  a  large  quarto,  pp.  48,  may  be  seen  in  the  British  Museum,  presented  by  George  III. 
The  Poem  is  also  inserted  in  subsequent  editions  of  Daniel's  Works,  and  hereafter,  pp.  121 — 134. 


TRACTS    ON    KING    JAMES'S    ACCESSION    AND    CORONATION,    l6Q$. 

MICHAEL  DRAYTON,  the  Poet. 

18.  "To  the  Majestic  of  King  James,  a   Gratulatorie  Poem,  by  Michael!  Drayton. 
London,  printed  by  James  Roberts,  1603."  4to,  pp.  12. 

A  genealogical  copper-plate  shows  the  King's  descent  from  Edward  the  Fourth.  The  tract  may  be 
seen  in  the  Bodleian  Library.  A  copy  was  priced  £.\.  \s.  in  the  Bibliotheca  Anglo-Poetica. 

JOHN  ECHLIN,  Professor  of  Philosophy  at  St.  Andrews. 

19.  "  De  Regno  Angliae,  Franciae,  Hibernise,  ad  serenissimurn  et  invictiss.  Jacobum  6, 
Scotorum  Regcm  ultr6  delato  Panegyricon.     Autore  Joanne  Echlino,  Philosophise  Pro- 
fessore  in  Collegio  Leonardino,  apud  Andreapolitanos.     Excudebat  Robertus  Waldegrave, 
sereniss.  Reg.  Majest.  ti/pograpfius,  M  DC  1 1 1."  4to,  pp.  16. 

There  is  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum,  presented  by  George  III. 
J.  F. 

20.  "  King  James  his  Welcome  to  London.     With  Elizaes  Tombe  and  Epitaph,  and 
our  King's  triumph  and  cpitime ;  lamenting  the  one's  decease  and  rejoycing  at  the  others 
accese.     '  Gaudia  cum  lacrymisjungimits,  seria  ludis.'     Written  by  J.  F.     Imprinted  at 
London,  for  Thomas  Pavier,  1603."  4to,  pp.  24. 

This  is  valued  at  ^.3.  3s.  in  the  Bibliotheca  Anglo-Poetica. 

JOHN  FERROUR,  mentioned  in  p.  40,  was  the  author  of  a  Poem  called  A  Portrait 
of  a  Prince. 

In  the  dedication  it  appears  that  he  started  for  Scotland  a  day  before  the  decease  of  Queen  Eliza- 
beth, and,  says  he,  "  it  pleased  your  Highnes,  at  uiy  first  coming  to  your  presence,  to  honor  me  with 
a  kisse  of  your  Royall  hand;  and,  after  that,  nnallie  to  rewarde  me.'"  He  beseeches  the  King  to 
accept  this  poor  present,  being  "a  Briefe,  extracted  onlie  from  the  labours  of  other  writers,  (farr 
unworthie  the  view  of  soe  wort  hie  eies,)  which  was  first  begunne  for  this  end  onlie,  for  which  now  it 
serves  ;  "  though  he  confesses  it  to  be  "  stufte  with  innumerable  faults  and  errours."  These  do  not 
offer  themselves  to  the  eye  as  of  a  glaring  kind;  for  the  versification  and  style  fall  very  little  below 
several  of  the  printed  poesies  of  the  period,  which  bear  a  didactic  form.  To  the  dedication  succeed 
some  lines  "  To  my  most  Roiall  Soveraigne,"  beginning  "  Dread  Soveraigne  !  our  Saloman  of  Brytish 
Isle!"  Some  specimens  of  the  Poem  are  given  in  the  Restituta,  vol.  IV.  pp.  "28G— 289. — It  is 
preserved,  neatly  written,  in  Reg.  MSS.  ISA.  xxiv. 

JOHN  GORDON,  of  whom  hereafter,  pp.  533,  540. 

21.  "  Elizabethan  Reginaj  Manes  de  Religione  et  Regno  ad  Jacobum  magnum,  Bri- 
tanniarum    Regem.      Per  Joannem  Gordonium    Britanno-Scotum.     Londini,   impensis 
Thomee  Man,  1604."  4to,  pp.  20. 

A  Latin  hexameter  Poem.  A  copy  is  in  the  British  Museum,  bound  with  the  Cambridge  Threno- 
thriambeuticon. 

THOMAS  GREENE,  the  eminent  Comedian. 

.  22.  "  A  Poet's  Vision,  and  a  Prince's  Glorie.  Dedicated  to  the  high  and  mightie 
Prince  James,  King  of  England,  Scotland,  France,  and  Ireland.  Written  by  Thomn- 
Greene,  Gentleman.  Imprinted  at  London,  for  William  Leake,  1603."  4to,  pp.  22. 


xl  TRACTS   ON    KING   JAMES'S   ACCESSION   AND    CORONATION, 

Some  extracts  from  this  pamphlet  are  printed  in  the  Restituta,  vol.  IV.  pp.  1 — 5.  A  copy  was 
sold  at  Mr.  Nassau's  sale,  Feb.  24,  1824.  It  is  priced  at  ^.10.  10*.  in  the  Bibliotheca  Anglo- 
Poetica;  and  at  ^.21  in  Thorpe's  Catalogue  for  1824. 

A.  H.  Boreabritannus.  The  Harl.  MS.  no.  6635,  is  a  pocket  volume  containing  a 
Poem  said  in  the  Catalogue  to  be  on  King  James's  Accession,  but  really  on  his  right 
of  Succession,  and  written  in  1595. 

FRANCIS  HERING,  M.  D.  (author  of  "  Pietas  Pontificia,"  of  which  in  p.  xliv)  and 
works  respecting  the  Plague. 

23.  "  In  foelicisshnum  serenisshni  ac  potentissimi  Principis  Jacobi  Primi,  Anglise, 
Scotiae,  Franciae,  et  Hybernise  Regis,  Fidei  orthodoxae  Defensoris,  ad  Anglicanae  Reip. 
gubernacula  Ingressum,  Poema  Gratulatorium.      Londini,  excudebat  -Richardus  Field, 
impensis  Gulielmi  Jhones  typographi,  1603." 

This  is  one  quarto  sheet  containing  a  Latin  poem  of  100  hexameters,  signed  "  Ma.  tuse  humillimus 
Servus,  et  jam  olim  cliens  devotiss.  Fr.  Hering,  D.Med.  Coll.  Med.  Lond.  Socius;"  and  a  Latin 
epigram  of  four  lines.  The  copy  presented  to  the  King  is  now  in  the  British  Museum,  presented 
by  George  III.  and  has  the  arms  of  England  splendidly  emblazoned  in  the  title,  and  those  of  Scot- 
land at  the  back  of  the  same. 

MICHAEL  HUASS,  a  Dane. 

24.  "  Inaugurationi  Jacobi  et  Annas  Paeanes.     Lutet.  1603."  4to. 

The  presentation  copy  of  this  at  the  British  Museum  is  noticed  in  Beloe's  Anecdotes  of  Litera- 
ture, vol.  I.  p.  134. 

ADAM  KING  (see  vol.  III.  p.  305). 

25.  "  In  Jacobum  Sextum  Scotorum  Regem,  Angliae,  Franciae,  et  Hibernise  corona, 
jure  haereditario  donatum,  Adami  Regii,  J.  C.  et  in  Foro  Ecclesiastico   Edenburgeno 
Juridici,   Panegyris.     Edenburghi,  excudebat  Robertus  Charteris,  anno   Domini,    1603." 
4to,  pp.  12. 

There  is  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum,  presented  by  George  III.  It  is  a  single  poem  in  Latin 
hexameters. 

WILLIAM  LEIGHTON,  one  of  the  Band  of  Gentlemen  Pensioners. 

26.  "  Vertue  Triumphant,  or  a  Lively  Description  of  the  Foure  Vertues  Cardinall; 
dedicated  to  the  King's  Majestic.     At  London,  printed  by  Melchisedech  Bradwood,  for 
Matthew  Lownes,  1603."  4to,  pp.  62. 

A  copy  was  priced  at  sS.7.  7s.  in  the  Bibliotheca  Anglo-Poetica. 

RICHARD  MULCASTER; — see  vol.  I.  p.  367. 

27-  "  In  Mortem  Serenissimae  Reginae  Elizabethan  Naenia  Consolans.  Hoc  solo  officio 
potui  me  ostendere  gratum.  Londini,  pro  Edwardo  Aggas,  via  longa  sub  quercu  viridi, 
1603."  4to,  pp.  12. 

This  consists  of  234  elegiac  lines  signed  Ri.  MULCASTEK.  There  is  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum, 
(presented  by  Geo.  III.)  A  large  cut  of  a  dragon  rising  from  a  ducal  coronet  adorns  the  title-page. 
There  was  an  English  version  of  this  production. 


TRACTS    ON    KING   JAMES'S   ACCESSION    AND   CORONATION,  1603.  xli 

OXFORD  UNIVERSITY. 

28.  "Academiae  Oxoniensis  Pietas  erga  serenissimum  et  potcntissimum  Jacobum, 
Angliae,  Scotiae,  Francise,  et  Hibernise  Regcm,  Fidei  Defensorem,  beatissimae  Elizabeths; 
nuper  Reginac  legitime  et  auspicatissimti  succedentem.  Oxonice,  excudebat  Josephus 
Barnesius,  almte  Academic  typographic,  1603."  4to,  pp.  212. 

To  this  large  collection  of  verses  is  prefixed  the  King's  pedigree  from  Edward  the  Third,  with  some 
Latin  lines  by  the  Vice-Chancellor  Dr.  Howson.  The  copy  presented  to  the  King,  bound  in  crimson 
velvet,  is  preserved  in  the  British  Museum. 

ROBERT  PRICKET. 

2Q.  "A  Souldier's  Wish  unto  his  Sovereign  Lord  King  James.  By  Robert  Pricket. 
]603."  4to. 

The  same  author  published  "The  Souldier's  Resolution,"  1603,  dedicated  to  the  King,  and 
"  Time's  Anatomic,"  1606,  of  which  see  the  Censura  Literaria,  vol.  HI.  p.  307- 

DAVID  SINCLAIR  (see  Watt's  Bibliotheca  Britannica). 

SO.  "  De  auspicatissima  Inauguratione  Jacobi  Primi,  omnium  Britanniarum  Regis, 
Concilium  Deorum.  Auctore  D.  Sanclaro,  Profess.  R.  Mathematico.  Parisiis,  apud 
Daniebnum  Guillemot,  typographical,  MDCIII."  Large  4to,  pp.  32. 

A  long  poem  of  Latin  hexameters.  There  is  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum,  presented  by  George  III. 

GEORGE  THOMSON,  M.  A.  St.  Andrews  (see  Wood's  Fasti  Oxon,  by  Bliss,  I.  310.) 

31.  "  De  Pompa  in  Jacobi  I.  introitu  in  Londinium  Sylva.     London,  1604,"  8vo. 

WILLIAM  THORNE,  D.  D.  of  whom  in  Wood's  Athens  Oxon.  (by  Bliss),  II.  480. 

S2.  "  E<rosrTfov  BwnXjxov ;  or  a  Kenning-glasse  for  a  Christian  King.  Taken  out  of  the 
xixth  Chapter  of  the  Gospell  of  Saint  John,  the  5th  verse,  in  these  words,  '  Behold  the 
man  ! '  and  treated  on  by  Will.  Thome,  Deane  of  Chichester,  and  his  Majestie's  Hebrew- 
reader  in  the  Universitie  of  Oxford.  Vehasenneh  Bogner  Baesh  Vehassenneh.  Veelle- 
shemolh,  3,  2.  At  London,  imprinted  by  R.  R.for  John  Harrison,  dwelling  in  Paternoster- 
roK-e,  at  the  signe  of  the  Anchor,  IGOS."  12mo. 

See  some  extracts  printed  in  the  Censura  Literaria,  vol.  V.  pp.  257 — 259. 

EDWARD  WILKINSON. 

33.  "  Isahac's  Inheritance;  dew  to  our  high  and  mightie  Prince  James  the  Sixt  of 
Scotland,  of  England,  France,  and  Ireland  the  First.  By  E.  W.  At  London,  imprinted 
for  John  Harrison,  dwelling  in  Paternoster-rowe,  at  the  signe  of  the  Unicorne  and  Bible, 
1603."  4to,  pp.  16. 

A  poem  of  forty-five  eight-line  stanzas,  dedicated  to  the  Company  of  Drapers.  A  copy  is  priced 
at  j£.3.  3s.  in  the  Bibliotheca  Anglo-Poctica. 


xlii 
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL  LIST  OF 

MISCELLANEOUS   EULOGISTIC  TRIBUTES 

TO  KING  JAMES  AND   HIS  FAMILY, 

PUBLISHED  DURING  HIS  REIGN  IN  ENGLAND. 


To  heap  the  shrine  of  luxury  and  pride 

With  incense  kindled  at  the  Muses'  flame.         GRAY. 


ANONYMOUS. 

1.  " Britannia  Triumphans,  sive  Icon  quater-maximi  Monarchae  Jacobi  Primi,  Angliae, 
Scotise,  Franeiae,  et  Hiberniae  Regis;  ad  serenissimum   Henricuui  Britanniaruin  Prin- 
cipem  inclytum.      Londhii,  excudebat  Joannes   Norton,  serenissinue  Regies  Majestatis  in 
Latinis,  Gratis,  et  Hebraicis  Typographies.     Anno  Dora.  1607."  8vo,  pp.  54. 

It  is  a  prose  Latin  essay.  The  copy  presented  to  the  King,  bound  in  vellum  gilt,  is  preserved  in 
the  British  Museum. 

2.  "Lucta  Jacobi;  or  a  Bonefire  for  his  Majestie's  Double  Deliverie  from  the  Deluge 
in  Perth,  the  5  of  August  1600,  and  the  Doomesday  of  Britaine,  the  5  of  November 
1605.     London,  printed  by  T.  C.for  William  Welby,  and  are  to  be  sold  at  his  shop  in  Paul's 
Church-yard,  at  the  signe  of  the  Greyhound,  1607."  4to,  pp.  68. 

The  dedication  to  the  King  is  dated  "  from  towards  the  confines  of  your  Majestie's  Canaan,  Tues- 
day, Doomesday  5  November  1605;  "  and  signed  "  Your  Majestie's  most  loyall  and  loving  subject, 
without  any  equivocation,  Univo-catholicus."  Speaking  of  the  King,  the  writer  quaintly  says,  allud- 
ing at  once  to  three  points  on  which  his  Majesty  was  open  to  flattery  :  "  Here  became  our  Jacob 
from  a  milde  dove  a  wise  serpent,  else  both  Prince  and  people  had  been  stung  with  fine  scorpions; 
and  here  our  noble  hunting  Jacob  out-hunted  those  Romish  Esaues,  else  both  Prince  and  People  had 
tasted  a  pipe  of  Catholique  tobacco  "  !  p.  24. — There  is  a  copy  of  this  tract  in  the  British  Museum. 

3.  "  Les  Tropbees  du  Roi  Jacques  I.  de  la  Grande  Bretaigne,  France,  et  Irlande, 
Defenseur  de  la  Foy,  dresses  sur  1'inscription  settlement,  de  son  advertissement,  a  tous 
les  Rois,  Princes,  et  Potentats  de  la  Chrestiente,  confirmes  par  les  mervielleuses  actions 
de  Dieu  en  sa  vie.  Vovez,  dediez  et  consacrez  au  tres-illustre  Prince  de  Galles.  A 
Eleutheres,  annee  embolismale,  pour  la  Papaute,  ]609."  12mo,  pp.  96. 

This  book  has  an  engraved  title,  representing  a  whole-length  seated  figure  of  the  King  holding  a 
book,  inscribed,  "  Vien  et  voy ;  "  and  placed  between  two  columns,  which  bear  the  words  "  L'idolatrie 
subjugue,  1'heresie  vaincu,  par  IACOB  TRIOMPHANT."  There  is  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum  given 
in  1777  by  Thus.  Brand  Hollis,  Esq. — An  English  work  under  nearly  this  title,  published  in  4to,  1610, 
is  noticed  in  vol.  II.  p.  362.  Mr.  Archdeacon  Wrangham  has  a  copy. 


EULOGISTIC    TRIBUTES   TO    KING   JAMES    AND    FAMILY- 

JACOBUS  ARETUS. 

4.  "  Primula  Veris;  seu  Panegyrica  ad  excellentiss.  Principem  Palatinum.     Accessit 
in  augustissimam  gloriosissimi    Regis  Jacobi   Inaugurationem  Carmen  Scculare,   &c. 
Itemque  in  Nuptias  illustriss.  Principp.  Frederici  et  [Elizabethae  Meletemata.     Londini, 
typis  G.  Stansby,  impends  I.  Budge,  1612."  4to,  pp.  36. 

The  first  division  of  this  production  contains  16,  the  second  10,  and  the  last  I' I  pares,  and  each 
contains  several  flowers  of  poesy  in  various  languages.  In  the  first  is  a  copper-plate  of  a  poetic 
device  in  the  form  of  the  solar  system.  The  Carmen  Seculare  and  Meletemata  have  each  separate 
title-pages.  There  is  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum,  from  the  Royal  library  presented  by  George  III.; 
and  another  in  the  Bodleian. 

REV.  THOMAS  BASTARD;  of  whom  see  a  memoir  in  Wood's  Atb.  Oxon.  (by  Bliss,) 
vol.  II.  col.  227. 

5.  "Serenissimo   potentissimoque   Monarches  Jacobo   Magnae   Britanniae,    Franciae, 
et  Hiberniac,  Regi  Magnam  Britanniam.      Londini,  excusum  impensis  Joannis   Barnes, 
1605."  4to,  pp.  34. 

Such  is  the  whole  title  of  a  Latin  poem,  in  three  books,  the  dedication  of  which  to  the  King  in 
signed  Thomas  Bastard.  The  dedication  states  that,  in  a  written  form  the  "  libellum  "  had  been 
"  clementer  acceptum  "  by  the  King.  Some  commendatory  verses  are  signed  Edvardus  Michelborne. 
There  are  copies  of  the  tract  in  the  British  Museum  and  Bodleian  library. 

SEBASTIAN  BENEFIELD,  D.D. ;  of  whom  see  a  memoir  in  Wood's  Athena:  Oxon. 
(by  Bliss,)  vol.  II.  col.  487. 

6.  "A  Sermon  preached  in  St.  Marie's  Church  in  Oxford,  March  xxiv,  MDCX,  at 
the  solemnizing  of  the  happy  inauguration  of  onr  gracious  Soveraigne  King  James. 
Wherein  is  proved  that  Kings  doe  hold  their  King-domes  immediately  from  God.     By 
Sebastian  Benefield,   D.  of  Divinitie,  Fellow  of  Corpus  Christi  College.     At  Oxford, 
printed  by  Joseph,  Barnes,  16 1 1."  4to,  pp.  22. 

This  is  dedicated  to  John  King,  Bishop  of  London.  The  text  is  "  Psal.  xxi.  6,  Thou  hast  set  him 
as  blessings  for  ever."  There  is  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum  presented  by  Lady  Banks.  It  has  a  por- 
trait of  the  King  as  a  frontispiece,  probably  belonging  to  the  Sermon,  but  this  is  equivocal.  There 
is  also  a  copy  in  the  Bodleian  Library. 

D.D. 

7.  "  Xenia  Regia  ad  Jacobum  potentissiinum  invictissimumque  Britannia?   Uegem, 
serenissimam  Annam  Reginam,  Henricum  Frcdericum  maxime  spei  Principem,  a  D.  D. 
Sc.  Br.  conscripta.     Excudebat  Londini,  1607-"  4to,  pp.  24. 

A  cut  of  a  pink  in  the  title-page  perhaps  indicates  the  printer's  name.  The  performance  consists 
of  various  short  poems,  addressed  to  the  Royal  Family,  and  to  Lord  Chancellor  Egcrton,  Henry  Earl 
of  Northampton,  Robert  Earl  of  Salisbury  "  Angliae  Secretarium,"  James  Lord  Bahnerinoch  "  Scotise 
Secretai  ium,"  and  Sir  Thomas  Lake.  In  a  half-title  the  author  styles  himself  "  D.  D.  Sc.  Brit. 
Strath."  There  is  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum  from  the  Royal  library  presented  by  George  111. 


xliv  EULOGISTIC   TRIBUTES   TO   KING   JAMES   AND    FAMILY. 

THOMAS  DEMPSTER,  a  learned  Scotchman,  Professor  at  Bologna. 

8.  "  Panegyricus  Jacobo  Magnse  Britannise  Regi.     London,  1615."  4to. 

About  the  time  at  which  this  was  printed  the  author  received  a  Free-gift  of  ^.200  from  the  King 
(see  vol.  III.  p.  136). 

GEORGE  FLETCHER. 

9-  "  The  Nine  English  Worthies ;  or  Famous  and  Worthy  Princes  of  England,  being 
all  of  one  name ;  beginning  with  King  Henrie  the  First,  and  concluding  with  Prince 
Henry,  eldest  sonne  to  our  Soveraigne  Lord  the  King.  At  London,  imprinted  by  H.  L. 
for  John  Harrison  the  yonger,  1606."  4to,  pp.  72. 

A  dedication  to  the  Prince  is  followed  by  another  "  to  the  right  honorable  my  very  good  Lords, 
the  Earles  of  Oxenford  and  Essex,  with  my  Lord  Viscount  Cranborne,  and  the  other  yong  Lords, 
Knights,  and  Gentlemen,  attending  the  Prince's  Highnesse  ;  health,  honour,  and  happinesse."  Next 
come  six  lines  addressed  to  the  author,  by  R.  Fenne;  verses  to  the  Ninth  Worthy,  by  Thomas  Lord 
Windsor,  Sir  William  Whorewood,  and  Thomas  Binwin ;  verses  upon  the  Nine  Worthies  by  John 
Wideup,  the  elder  and  younger  Jo.  Guilliams,  and  Paul  Peart ;  and  upon  Henry  VI.  by  Thomas  Web- 
ber. The  historical  part  of  this  rare  volume  is  in  prose,  printed  in  black  letter,  with  a  wood-cut  por- 
trait of  each  of  the  Henries.  A  copy  was  marked  at  j£.35  in  the  Bibliotheca  Anglo-Poetica. 

PETRUS  FRADELIUS,  Schemnicenus. 

10.  "  Prosphonesis  ad  serenissimum  et  celebratissimum  Regem  Jacobum  I.  magnum 
Magnse  Britannia?  et  Hibernian  Monarcham ;  Fidei  Defensorem,  alterum  literarum  ac 
literatorum  Meccenatem,  a  Petro  Fradelio  Schemniceno,  f.  anno  Cor  regls   probl  In 
ManV  Del  est,  etfVIt  et  erlt.     London,  l6l6."  4to,  pp.  8. 

To  the  copy  presented  to  the  King,  preserved  in  the  British  Museum,  is  prefixed  a  letter  in  the 
autograph  of  the  author,  who  signs  only  Fradelius. 
WILLIAM  HARBERT. 

11.  "A  Prophesie  of  Cadwallader,  last  King  of  the  Britaines;  containing  a  com- 
parison of  the  English  Kings,  with  many  worthy   Romanes  from  William  Rufus  till 
Henry  the  Fift.     Henry  the  Fift  his  life  and  death.     Foure  Battels  betweene  the  two 
Houses  of  Yorke  and  Lancaster.     The  Field  of  Banbury.      The  Losse  of  Elizabeth. 
The  Praise  of  King  James.     And  lastly  a  Poeme  to  the  yong  Prince.     London, printed 
by  Thomas  Creede  for  Roger  Jackson,  and  are  to  be  solde  at  his  shop  in  Fleet-streete,  over 
against  the  Conduit,  1 604."  4to,  pp.  62. 

The  dedication  to  Sir  Philip  Herbert,  K.  B.  is  signed  "  William  Harbert."  The  poem  to  the  King 
consists  of  32  eight-line  stanzas ;  and  that  to  the  Prince  of  QO. 

FRANCIS  HERING,  M.  D.  (see  p.  xl.) 

12.  "  Pietas  Pontificia;  seu  Conjurationis  illius  prodigiosse,  et  post  natos  homines 
maxime  execrandae,  in  Jacobum  primum  Magnae  Britannia?   Regem,  Augustam,  Prin- 
cipern  Henricum,  totauique  Familiam  Regiam,  nee  non  Ordines  sui  Regni  ad  sumtnum 
Parliament!  Concilium  convocatos,  Novembris  quinto,  an.  Dom.  1605,  inaudito  et  dia- 
bolico  stratagemate  designandea,  et  sola  virgula  divina,  non  multis  ante  praestitutum 


EULOGISTIC   TRIBUTES   TO   KING    JAMES   AND   FAMILY.  xlv 

facinoris  tempus  horis,  patefactae,  brevis  Adumbratio  Poetica,  ad  illustriss.  et  potentiss. 
Principem  Jacobum  Primum,  Magnse  Britannia;,  Galliae,  et  Hybernias  Rcgem.   Authore 
Fr.  Heringio,  D.  Mcd.      Coll.  Med.  Lond.  Socio.     Excus.  typis  Ja.  Roberts,  typographi, 
Loud,  pro  Ric.  Boyle,  an.  Dom.  160G."  4to,  pp.  18. 
A  poein  of  Latin  hexameters.    There  is  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum. 

JACQUES  DE  LALOY. 

13.  "  Cantique  Royal,  a  Jacques  Premier,  Roy  d'Angleterre,  d'Escosse,  et  d'Irland, 
sur  1'alegresse  publique  de  son  Regne,  1604."  large  quarto,  pp.  20. 

Of  this  French  poem  there  ia  a  copy  in  the  British  Museum,  presented  by  George  III. 
JOHN  LEECH  ;  see  Wood's  Atb.  Oxon.  (by  Bliss,)  vol.  II.  col.  353. 

14.  "A  Sermon  preached  before  the  Lords  of  the  Council,  in  K.  Henry  the  seaventh's 
Chappell,  Sept.  23,  1607,  at  the  Funerall  of  the  most  excellent  and  hopefull  Princess 
the  Lady  Marie's  Grace.     By  I.  L.     Imprinted  at  London  by  H.  L.for  Samuel  Macham, 
and  are  to  be  solde  at  his  shop  in  Paul's  Church-yard,  at  the  signe  of  the  Butts-head,  1G07-" 
12mo,  pp.  60. 

The  dedication  to  Lord  and  Lady  Knevett,  and  an  elegy  at  the  end,  are  signed  "  I.  Leech."  The 
text  is  not  peculiarly  appropriate,  from  2  Cor.  v.  1. 

SIEUR  DE  MAILLIET. 

15.  "A  la  Louange  du  serenissime  Roy  de  la  Grande  Bretaigne,  Ode,  par  le  Sieur  de 
Mailliet  gentilhomme  Francois.     Imprime  a  LondresZJ  Septembre  I6l7,par  George  Pur- 
slouie."  4to,  pp.  26. 

In  the  preface  to  this  French  ode,  the  author  says  he  has  come  from  Gascony,  encouraged  by  the 
favour  the  King  had  already  bestowed  on  a  neighbour  poet.  He  says,  that  Queen  Margaret  had  been 
for  eight  years  his  mistress,  and  the  Prince  de  Genuille  had  written  a  letter  to  the  King  in  his  favour. 
He  adds,  that  the  poems  had  occupied  him  all  the  eight  months  he  had  been  in  England ;  and  that 
he  was  best  known  to  Lords  D'Aubigny  and  Hay. 

VINCENT  MARINER,  a  Spanish  priest. 

16.  "  Vincentii  Marinerii  Valentin!  Panegyris  ad  serenissimum  Carolum  Stubardum 
Walliae  Principem,  Magnae  Britannia:  Haeredem.     Matriti,  apud  Thomas  Juntam,  typog. 
Reg.  MDCXXIII."  4to,  pp.  72. 

This  was  printed  at  Madrid  while  the  Prince  was  there.  It  contains  a  long  Latin  poem  of  above 
1800  lines,  and  several  epigrams.  The  copy  in  the  British  Museum  was  perhaps  that  presented  to 
the  Prince. 

WALTER  QUIN,  a  native  of  Dublin,  preceptor  to  Prince  Henry. 

17.  "The  Memorie  of  the  most  worthie  and  renowned  Bernard  Stuart,  Lord  D'Au- 
bigny, renewed ;  whereunto  are  added  wishes  presented  to  the  Prince  at  his  Creation, 
By  Walter  Quin,  Servant  to  his  Highnesse.     London,  printed  by  George  Purslow,  1619." 
4to,  pp.  68. 

This  is  partly  in  verse  and  partly  in  prose.    It  contains  a  commendatory  sonnet  by  Sir  William 
VOL.  I.  g 


xlvi  EULOGISTIC   TRIBUTES   TO   KING   JAMES   AND    FAMILY. 

Alexander,  (afterwards  Earl  of  Stirling,)  which  is  quoted  in  the  Bibliotheca  Anglo-Poetica,  p.  286. 
The  tract  is  there  valued  at  eS.10.  10s. ;  and  there  is  a  copy  in  the  Bodleian  Library. — The  same 
author  published  at  Edinburgh  in  1600,  "  Sertum  Poeticum  in  honorem  Jacobi  Sexti,  Scotorum 
Regem  j  "  in  1613  "  The  Prince's  Epitaph,"  on  the  death  of  Prince  Henry  ;  and  "  Corona  Virtutum 
Principe  Dignarum,  in  usum  Caroli  Pr. ; "  and  in  1625  "  Gratulatio  quadrilinguis  in  Nuptiis 
Caroli  I." 

BATHSUA  REGINALD. 

18.  "  Musa  Virginea  Graeco-Latino-Gallica,  Bathsuae  R.  (filias  Henrici  Reginald!  gym- 
nasiarchae  et  philoglotti  apud  Londinenses)  anno  aetatis  suae  decimo  sexto  edita.     Lon- 
dini,  excudebat  Edvardus  Griffin,  impensis  Joannis  Hodgets,  I6l6."  4to,  pp.  16. 

In  this  production  of  female  precocity  are  poems  addressed  to  the  King,  Queen,  Prince  Charles, 
the  Count  Palatine,  and  Princess  Elizabeth,  and  between  each  a  paraphrase  of  a  Scripture  text 
respecting  Kings.  The  copy  presented  to  the  King  is  in  the  British  Museum.  The  usual  concluding 
word  is  converted  into  the  following  compliment :  "  REGIS  LAUS  NESCIA  FINIS,"  the  three  first  words 
being  prefixed  by  a  pen.  Besides  the  language  mentioned  in  the  title,  the  texts  are  alto  quoted  in 
Hebrew,  Spanish,  and  Dutch.  There  is  another  copy  in  Bodleian  Library. 

THOMAS  ROSE  or  Ross. 

19.  "Idaea,  sivc   de  Jacobi    Magnae    Britanniac,   Galliaj,   et   Hyberniae    praestantis- 
siini  et  augustissiuii    Regis  virtutibus  et  ornamentis  dilucida  Enarratio,   ejusque  cum 
luiulutissimis   veteruru  Regibus,    Monarchis,  et   Imperatoribus   Comparatio   exacta  et 
enucleata.     Authore  Thoina  Rosa,  Scoto-britanno.     Londini,  excudebat  Johannes  Norton, 
serenissima  Regice  Majestati  in  Latinis,  Gr&cis,  et  Hebraicis  Typographus,  1608."  12mo,  336. 

This  is  a  Latin  treatise.  About  150  pages  are  occupied  with  the  praises  of  the  King,  and  the  rest 
with  those  of  the  Royal  Family  and  all  the  principal  Courtiers.  There  are  a  few  Latin  verses  at  the 
beginning  signed  "An.  GOBD."  There  are  copies  of  this  in  the  British  Museum  and  Bodleian 
libraries. 

SIR  JOHN  STRADLING. 

20.  "  Beati  Pacifici,  a  divine  Poem;  written  to  the  King,  and  perused  by  his  Majesty. 
1623."  4to. 

There  was  a  copy  of  this  sold  at  Mr.  Nassau's  sale,  March  14,  1824. 
Ro.  TISDALE. 

21.  "  Pax  Vobis,  or  Wil's  Changes:  tuned  in  a  Latin  hexameter  of  Peace,  whereof 
the  numeral  letters  present  the  yeare  of  our  Lord,  and  the  verse  itselfe  (consisting  only 
of  nine  words),  admitted  1623  several  changes  or  transpositions,  rernaineth  still  a  true 
verse,  to  the  great  wonder  of  common  understanding.     With  a  Congratulatorie  Poem 
thereupon,  and  other  chronograms  of  the  like  numeral  nature,  expressing  both  the  yeare 
of  our  Lord,  and  the  yeare  of  the  King's  reigne.     Composed  in  celebration  of  this 
yeare's  entrance  of  his  Majestie  into  the  xxi  yeare  of  his  blessed  raigne  over  Great 
Britaine,  and  of  the  hopefull  Journall  of  the  thrice  illustrious  Prince  Charles  into  Spaine. 
By  Ro.  Tisdale,  of  Graies  Inne,  Gent.  1623."  4to. 


SORUOWES    IOY; 

or, 

A  LAMENTATION 
for  our  late  deceased  Soveraigne  ELIZABETH, 

WITH  A  TKIUMPII 
for  the  prosperous  Succession  of  our  gratious  King  IAMES,  &c. ' 

GrRIEFE  hauing  spent  a  large  excesse  of  teares, 

For  the  lost  treasure  of  true  ioye's  content, 
Least  Plentie  vnsupplied  should  waste  in  yeares, 

Borrovves  from  Joue's  Nine  Daughters  sad  lament. 
They,  interchangeably,  with  one  assent, 

Take  griefes  aboundance  to  inrich  their  owne ; 
So  each  to  other  mutuall  weeping  lent, 

Till  Thespia's  spring  the  meades  had  ouerflowne. 

* 

1  1'iinted  by  John  Lcgat,  Printer  to  the  Vniversitie  of  Cambridge,  1C03 — It  may  not  be  improper, 
in  this  place,  to  refer  to  the  Harleian  Miscellany,  for  a  copy  of  a  Tract  originally  published  in  1603, 
containing  48  quarto  pages,  under  the  title  of  "  England's  Mourning  Garment :  worne  here  by  plain 
Shepheardes,  in  memorie  of  their  sacred  Mistress,  Eli/.abeth;  Queen  of  Vertue,  while  she  lived  ;  and 
Theame  of  Sorrow,  being  dead.  To  which  is  added  the  true  manner  of  her  Imperiall  Funeral ;  with 
the  Shepheard's  Spring  Song  for  the  Entertainment  of  King  James,  our  most  potent  Sovereign.  De- 
dicated to  all  that  loved  the  deceased  Queen,  and  honour  the  living  King.  .Von  Verbis,  ltd  fitful?." 
This  piece  is  a  kind  of  pastoral  dialogue  between  some  shepherd*,  in  verse  and  prose,  containing  a 
character  of  the  renowned  Queen,  which  has  several  particul  irs  in  it  worthy  of  being  preserved  :  and 
about  the  middle  two  pages  and  n  half  of  poetry,  in  reprehension  of  those  able  poets,  who  did  or 
could  praise  her  when  alive,  tor  being  silent  at  herdeiith;  among  whom,  though  none  are  named, 
a  reader  well  versed  in  their  works  may  discern,  he  points  at  Daniel,  Warner,  Chapman,  Marston, 
Shakspeare,  Drayton,  and  three  or  four  more.  As  to  the  order  of  the  Funeral,  there  are  in  this  but 
few  variations  from  that  which  is  printed  in  "  Queen  Elizabeth's  Progresses,  vol.  III.  p.  62O.  At  the 
end  of  this  part  is  an  advertisement  signed  Hen.  Chettle;  who  appears  to  have  been  the  author  of 
the  whole.  He  was  a  Play-wright  of  some  repute,  who  wrote  many  pieces  in  copartnership  with  t he- 
dramatists  of  the  age.  The  chief  object  of  this  pamphlet  was  to  perpetuate  the  deserved  character  of 
Queen  Elizabeth,  whom  our  author  has  (without  bombast)  described  to  be  most  religious  to  God, 
temperate  in  all  tilings  ;  just,  merciful,  and  charitable  to  her  subjects,  a  faithful  ally,  and  true  friend 
to  her  distressed  neighbours,  but,  in  this  compass,  he  has  adorned  her  just  encomium  with  the  h>>- 
tory  of  her  Royal  Ancestors  from  Henry  the  Seventh  inclusive  ;  and,  amongst  other  things,  his  cau- 
tion to  discontented  murmuring  subjects,  is  worthy  our  observation.  The  tract  concludes  with  a 
Funeral  Song,  by  way  of  pastoral,  the  Funeral  Procession,  and  the  Shepherd's  Spring  Song  to  King 
James,  before  mentioned. 

VOL.  1.  B 


SORROWES    IOY, 

Sent-pleasing  flowers  of  gladnesse  that  had  growne 

A  twentie-two  redoubled  Summer's  pride; 
This  eie-dropt  inundation  makes  vnknowne, 

And  rustles  hence  with  an  impetuous  tide. 
Thus  have  we  nothing  left  of  what  we  had, 
But  this  poor  comfort — that  we  once  were  glad. 

11  Jine. 

Bright  Maiestie  hath  dimm'd,her  brightest  parts, 

Since  Glorie's  sunshine  left  the  Royal  Throne: 
In  mournefull  blacke  sit  the  more  mournefull  arts 

Viewing  their  life-protecting  Empresse  gone. 
Vertue  disconsolate,  in  restlesse  mone, 

Like  tragicke  Chorus,  euer  meanes  to  rest; 
Peace  in  dispaire  had  giuen  her  latest  grone, 

If  Miracle  had  not  her  will  represl. 
O  soule-deare  countrie,  thou  aboue  the  rest 

Liest  in  deepe  floudes  of  bitter  Sorrow  drown'd  : 
Woe's  mortall  arrowes  pierce  each  mortal  brest, 

But  thy  lost  heart  receives  no  common  wound  ; 
Wounded  thou  art  with  woe  aboue  all  other, 
Losing  thy  virgin  scepter-swaying  Mother. 

II  Jine, 

Heauen,  adding  glorie  to  the  spatious  world, 

Gaue  the  best  treasure  of  the  highest  spheare : 
The  world  all  ioy  into  Earthe's  bosome  hurl'd, 

The  Earth  all  blisse  to  her  blest  Isle  did  beare. 
Heauen  wondred  at  the  gift  it  had  bestowed, 

The  world  amazed  at  this  faire  Glorie  stood, 
The  Earth  for  ioy  with  triumphs  ouerflowed, 

England  secure,  bath'd  in  sweete  Blisse's  flood. 
Heauen's  aide  nere  wanted  Heauen's  gifts  supportal, 

The  world  World's  glorie  would  haue  endlesse  made; 
The  Earth  aspir'd  to  get  her  ioy  immortall ; 

England  still  praid  her  blisse  might  never  fade. 
Whence  then  had  Death  a  power  against  all  this, 
Heaven's  gift,  World's  glorie,  Earth's  ioy,  England's  blisse  ? 

11  Jine. 


SORROWES    IOY,   l603- 

O,  dearest  soyle,  thy  Nile-surrownding  sorrow, 

Will  sympathize  with  mine  eyes  ouer  flowing ; 
Our  griefe  no  griefe  from  any  needes  to  borrow, 

True  cause  of  dolour  in  our  selues  is  growing. 
Yet  mutually  lamenting  each  with  other, 

Remorslesse  hearts  may  be  to  pitty  moued: 
Thou  wayling  me,  I  thce  my  natiue  mother, 

Both  hauing  lost  what  both  of  us  best  loued. 
Thou  for  thy  children  and  thy  selfe  art  weeping, 

We  for  our  Mother,  and  our  ovvne  misfortune ; 
All,  for  we  misse  our  common  parent's  keeping, 

Whose  life  let  our  Hues  no  mischaunce  importune. 
Our  common  parent  from  us  all  thus  taken, 
We  all  may  weepe,  all  orphans  left  forsaken. 

II  fine. 

Nature  and  art  so  many  ages  striuing 

To  whom  the  palme  of  excellence  belonged, 
Agree  in  one  rare  piece's  vvorke  contriuing, 

To  end  the  iarre  ;  that  each  thought  other  wronged. 
Unvalued  gemmes  both  heaped  on  their  creature, 

A  Virgin  Queen,  the  height  of  praise  transcending. 
Fortune  inamoured  on  such  Angell  feature, 

In  giving  favours  would  admit  no  ending. 
But  he  [that]  thunders  from  the  thrones  supernall, 

Knowing  the  Earth  vnvvorthy  such  rich  treasure, 
Assumes  her  hence  to  raigne  in  ioyes  eternall : 

Nature,  Art,  Fortune,  vexed  out  of  measure, 
All  firrnely  vowd  to  frame  her  equal  neuer; 
Earth  hearing  this,  vowd  likewise  teares  for  euer. 

11  fine. 
You  ill-limd  shaddowes  of  my  pensive  spirit, 

That  in  dead  colours  shewe  griefs  liuing  flame, 

All  grauer  judgements  your  proud  dare  will  blame: 
This  taske  befits  a  Muse  of  greater  merit. 

Cease  then  rude  numbers,  of  your  lines  inflame 
With  sacred  furie  of  diuiner  rage: 
Confound  with  woe  each  person,  sexe,  and  age, 

Crie  till  the  hils  re-echo  back  the  same. 
Nor  the  loud  thunder  of  your  straines  asswage, 

Till  Heauen  shall  rend  the  starre-enchaced  vaile, 

The  wheluing  orbes  in  their  swift  motions  faile, 
And  all  things  march  in  funerall  equipage. 

But  O  too  weake  so  strongly  to  preuaile; 

Surcease  to  speake,  though  never  cease  to  waile.  I.  G. 


SORROWES    IOY,  l603- 


ENGLAND'S   FAREWELL. 

Come,  Muses  Nine,  and  Graces  Three,  all  clad  in  sad  attire, 

To  mone  and  waile  a  Prince's  death,  the  glorie  of  our  quire. 

Come,  noble  Peeres,  and  English  blood,  to  see  what  you  haue  lost : 

The  anker  of  our  hope  beeing  broke,  how  all  now  may  be  tost. 

Come  then,  and  beare  a  part  with  me :  let  all  the  churches  chime, 

Let  throbbing  sighes  be  musicke  best ;  let  trickling  teares  keepe  time. 

Times  had  their  haves,  times  have  their  hads,  thus  times  goe  in  succession: 

Would  we  might  say  we  have  not  had,  but  worst  is  in  possession, 

So  should  we  say,  we  have,  not  had,  with  grief  a  Maiden  Queene; 

Through  ages  past,  future,  or  nowe,  the  like  not  to  be  scene. 

Most  Princes  have  all  their  renowne,  from  countries  where  they  raigne; 

Fewe  countries  doe  by  worthy  Kings  a  name  more  famous  gaine. 

If  fewe  or  none,  or  onely  one,  then  is  it  onely  this, 

Wherein  we  live,  wherein  there  raign'd,  the  mirrour  of  our  blisse. 

One  whome  all  virtues  did  agree,  to  give  their  perfect  tincture, 

Dame  Nature  was  not  farre  behind,  to  decke  her  with  her  feature. 

And  thus  adorn'd  long  did  shee  raigne,  admired  of  each  nation, 

To  see  seauen  Popes,  their  lives  and  ends,  and  all  her  foes  confusion, 

Beloved  of  vs,  honoured  of  friends,  of  ennemies  alwaies  feared, 

Of  Spanish  King,  whose  kingdom  quak't,  when  they  her  flagge  saw  reared 

If  Belgia  did  her  patronage,  if  France  her  league  did  crave, 

Her  mightie  power  thou  maist  guesse,  what  vertue  not  to  have. 

Zenobia,  Bundwic,  Britaine's  Helen,  give  place  unto  the  best ; 

If  Cjueene's  doe  win  the  praise  from  Kings,  shee  may  aboue  the  rest. 

Nor  so  great  iarre  for  Homer's  birth,  seaven  Grecian  townes  among, 

As  now  there  is'mongst  vertues  all,  to  whome  shee  doth  belong. 

Unhappie  land,  which  canst  not  have  such  Princes  be  immortall : 

Or  to  bequeath  by  legacie  their  gifts,  they  beeing  fatall.   ' 

The  Hempe  is  spunne,  the  glasse  is  run,  the  English-borne  blood's  ceased  ; 

With  better  Prince  then  this,  could  not  deare  Theodors  name  have  ended. 

In  honour  thine,  we  onely  wish,  each  Prince  as  good  to  be; 

And  in  our  hearts  for  future  time,  will  reate  a  tombe  for  thee. 

The  song  is  sung:  now  looke  abroad,  and  see  what's  like  to  fall ; 

The  day  beeing  spent,  some  mistie  clouds  may  rise  to  darken  all. 

A  wonder  'tis :  our  sunne  is  set,  and  yet  there  is  no  night ; 

Darke  storms  were  feared  around  about,  and  yet  all  ouer  bright. 

Blest  God,  when  we  for  feare  scarce  lookt  to  have  seen  Peace's  moonshine, 

Thou  sentst  from  North,  past  all  our  hopes,  King  James  his  glorious  sunshine. 

Ri.  PARKER,  Caigon, 


SORROVVES    IOV, 


FAME  tells  sad  tydings  to  my  listning  eare, 

My  Eare  conueies  them  to  my  throbbing  Heart, 
My  Heart,  whose  strings  with  sighs  nie  broken  are, 
Doth  to  my  watrie  Eyes  these  newes  impart. 
Teares  are  eyes-trafh'cke  sent  to  sorrows  mart: 
So  stormes  of  rayne  alay  the  boistrous  winde, 
And  streames  of  teares  do  calme  the  pensiue  mind. 

Dead  's  Europ's  glorie  and  great  England's  fame, 

Since  faire  Eliza  is  depriv'd  of  breath, 
Wild  Savedges  ador'd  her  lining  name, 

And,  beeing  dead,  we  all  lament  her  death ; 
Hir  death  full  many  a  Poet's  weeping  breath. 
So  wayling  infants  in  their  birth  presage, 
How  griefe  must  be  the  remnant  of  their  age. 

Oh,  whither  shall  the  Arts  for  succour  flic  ? 

Since  Art's  perfection,  Nature's  chiefe  delight ; 
Jove's  dearest  darling,  Fates  have  done  to  die, 

The  Earth's  bright  glorie,  and  the  World's  cleare  light. 
Weepe,  Muses,  weepe,  lament  your  wofull  plight. 
A  cyprcsse  bow  my  trembling  hand  doth  beare ; 
The  dolefull  liu'ric  that  my  heart  doth  weare. 

Yet  cease  your  plaints,  add  measure  to  your  mone  : 

For  how  can  die  a  creature  so  diuine  ? 
Eliza  to  Elysian  fields  is  gone ; 

And  England's  awfull  Scepter  did  resigne 
To  one  descended  from  her  Royall  line, 

Smile,  Muses,  smile,  a  noble  one  succcedes ; 
Elizas  lawfull  Heire  in  vertuous  deedes. 

THO.  GOODRICK,  .S.  /.  Coll. 


SORROWES    IOY,   l6©3. 

Upon  occasion  offered  by  the  Time  and  Season  of  the  Yeare, 
the  Crowne  by  due  descent  fell  unto  our  most  gratious  and 
Soveraigne  Lord  the  King. 

Illustrious,  puissant,  and  renowned  Prince, 
Mirrour  of  learning;  Nature's  quintessence,  &c. 
Pardon,  great  King  of  Europe's  greatest  Isle, 
Your  boundlesse  titles  passe  my  feeble  style. 
Don  ^Eolus,  great  Monarch  of  the  Windes, 
Hearing  Eliza  now  her  Crowne  resigncs, 
Sent  forth  life-breathing  Zephirus,  who  brings 
These  joyous  tydings  grau'n  vpon  his  wings. 
But  sturdy  Notus,  farre  more  swift  in  flight, 
Thought  this  Embassage  'long'd  to  him  by  right: 
And  brought  from  out  the  caverns  of  the  Earth ; 
Making  an  hideous  noise  with  blust'ring  breath. 
The  reason  why  South  wind  so  loud  did  blow, 
He  fear'd  his  tydings  should  be  deeme  too  slow, 
And  when,  great  King,  your  gests  you  'gan  to  ride, 
The  fertile  heau'ns,  the  barren  earth  'gan  chide ; 
For  that  the  Spring,  vsher  to  Male's  fresh  Queene, 
Was  not  apparel'd  in  his  suit  of  greene; 
Nor  that  herselfe  in  her  new  mantle  clade, 
Ne  yet  her  men  in  liueries  greene  araide. 
Wherefore  a  snowie  mantle  did  they  spread, 
On  which  your  sacred  selfe  might  softly  tread. 
Which  princely  fauor  when  your  Grace  did  daign, 
Heauens  wept  for  ioy,  and  burst  forth  into  raine. 
Then  powerful  Phebus  dride  those  vaprous  streams, 
By  the  exhaling  influence  of  his  beames; 
And  set  new  nappe  on  Earth's  bare  coat  againe, 
In  honour  of  our  deare  dread  Soueraigne. 
And  that  same  Phebe,  the  painfull  Poet's  god, 
With  all  the  troopes  of  his  celestiall  brood, 
Vnto  your  worthie  Highnes  doth  bequeath 
A  glorious  Diademe  of  Laurel  1  wreath. 
The  Laurell  euer-greene  for  aye  doth  spring, 
Meede  for  the  Poet,  and  the  mightie  King. 
Oh !  where  on  earth  should  rest  those  gifts  diuine, 
But  in  your  brest,  as  in  their  sacred  shrine  ? 
A  Cesar's  scepter,  and  a  Virgil's  quill ; 
Which  Jove  grant,  laurell-fike,  may  flourish  still. 
Oh,  how  his  heau'nly  dits,  and  powerful  songs, 
In  sugred  slumbers,  lull  the  learned  throngs! 
Let  the  celestiall  Quire  of  Muses  sing, 
Sweet  hyms  of  praise,  in  honour  of  our  King. 

TH.  GOODRICK,  5.  /.  Coll. 


SORROWES    IOY, 


You  Orphane  Muses,  which  have  lost  of  late 

The  lloiall  Ornament  of  learned  Arts, 
(Whome  all  the  world  did  rightly  wonder  at, 
Whilst  shee  on  Earth  did  hold  our  loiall  hearts,) 
Accord  with  vs,  and  willingly  addresse 
Your  tragicke  fall  to  England's  heavines. 
Yee  that  of  late  did  blazon  forth  her  praise, 

Who  liuing  gave  life  to  your  heroick  verse, 
Compile  sad  Elegies  and  mournfull  laies, 

Which  witnes  may- how  ye  hewail'd  her  herse: 
Her  herse,  whose  raigneyour  bovvres  did  beautific, 
Princesse  of  Learning,  £)ueene  of  Castaliu. 

Whilst  that  your  christall-streaming  Helicon 

Orepasse  his  bounds  surcharged  with  your  teare; 
Distilling  fast,  whilst  you  her  losse  bemone, 

Whose  glorie  shined  bright  both  farre  and  neare, 
What  greater  favour  could  ye  ere  have  found, 
Then  to  b'  embrac't  of  roialst  Prince  on  ground  •; 

Greater  the  fauour  was,  greater  the  griefe 

Sustained  since  Elizae's  mournfull  death  ; 
Which  Learning  grac't  with  honour  and  reliefe, 
Whilst  you  enioyed  her ;  shec,  vital  breath  : 

All  which  may  cause  your  selues  both  to  lament, 
And  tell  this  Island's  heavie  dreariment, 

This  Island,  which  shee  blest  with  happie  peace, 

And  it  established  in  ioyful  glee: 
This  Island  which  from  feare  shee  did  release, 
Of  forraine  force  and  cruell  tyrannic. 
Such  happie  blisse  it  never  saw  beforne, 
Which  makes  her  losse  more  grieuously  to  mourne. 

Who  would  haue  thought,  that  any  gladsome  light 

In  English  hearts  could  ever  shine  againe, 
To  chase  these  watrie  clouds,  and  cleare  our  sight, 
From  whence  salt  brinish  tears  have  flow'd  amaine  • 

Who  would  haue  thought,  but  that  faire  England's  pride 
Had  with  her  Soueraigne  Queene  both  liu'd  and  dider 

Yet  from  that  Roiall  thrice-renowned  race 

Of  Kings;  from  which  Eliza  did  descend; 
Th'  Ahnightie  King  hath  raised  in  her  place, 
A  puissant  Soueraigne  Prince  vs  to  defend  ; 
And  eke  this  island  to  adorne  with  blisse, 
As  he  with  vertues  all  adorned  is. 


SORROWES   1OV,  1603. 

That  RegalltRace  to  peace  restored  first 

This  Land ;  when  two  braue  peares  did  ioyne  in  one, 
Ending  of  civill  wars  the  bloody  thirst, 

That  one  might  raigne  a  compleat  Prince  alone. 
Such  one  Eliza  was  whilst  shee  did  liue; 
One  Phenix  dead,  another  doth  suruiue. 
No  tract  of  time  yet  can  her  donne  to  dye, 
Vertue  reuiues  when  men  lowe  buried  lye : 
Elizae's  vertues  liue  though  shee  be  gonne, 
Nor  sleep  her  praises  in  her  marble  stone. 
Dead  is  shee  not,  but  liueth  still  on  hye, 
Where  Angels  for  her  make  sweet  melody. 

Amongst  the  Saintes  and  Angel's  company, 

In  heaven  cloathed  all  in  purest  white, 
A  Crowne  shee  weares  of  Immortality, 
Whose  ioyes  no  pen  is  able  to  endite: 

Meane  while  let  Muses  all  extoll  her  name, 
And  sing  to  future  age  her  worthy  fame. 

Great  God,  in  dreadfull  iudgement  reft  away 

The  aged  mother  of  these  orphane  lands  ; 
The  children  wayled  for  their  dames  decay, 

Lifting  to  highest  heaven  their  folded  hands  ; 
"  Deare  God,"  they  sayd,  "  rue  on  our  heavie  case, 
And  spare  vs,  not  for  vs,  but  for  thy  boundless  grace  : 
Our  life,  our  soule,  our  heart,  our  head  is  dead ; 
Spare  us,  good  Lord,  and  save  vs  out  of  dread." 

He  then  bespake ;  "  Comfort,  my  seely  sheepe ; 
I  will  you  saue,  my  mercy  shall  you  keepe; 
Nor  life,  nor  soule,  nor  heart,  nor  head  is  dead, 
But  all  with  me  eu'rliuing  life  do  lead. 
Comfort,  my  sheep,  a  Shepheard  I  have  found, 
Truer  then  whome  treads  nor  on  grasse,  nor  ground  ; 
Him  will  I  giue,  he  shall  you  rule  aright. 
Your  Mother  gon,  he  shall  your  Father  hight." 

The  teares  that  earst  rayned  adown  their  cheeke, 
They  lightly  wipte,  and  thus  gan  him  bespeake  ; 
"  Mercy,  deare  Lord,  unto  thy  bounty-bed, 
Which  such  a  father  hast  vs  offered  : 
Him  for  our  dreaded  Lord  we  humbly  take, 
Him  lord,  good  Lord,  thou  ouer  vs  do  make." 
With  that,  a  noise  the  yeelding  aire  did  rent, 
And  cleft  the  skyes,  and  vp  to  heauen  it  went, 
And  certifi'd  high  God  of  their  intent: 
The  Angels  selu's  (hearing  the  shrilling  shout 
Which  from  the  earth  resounded  all  about), 


SORROWES    1OY,   lC03.  9 

The  self-same  voice  re-echoing  agayne, 

God  save  the  King  melodiously  they  sange. 

The  rolling  sphears  (whose  voice  was  neu'r  descri'd 

By  mortall  care,  since  Sainian  wisard  di'd), 

The  self-same  note  eke  softly  murmured  ; 

And  them  their  mouers  sweetly  answered. 

So  heauen  and  earth,  according  both  in  one, 

God  sane  King  James,  they  cried,  true  King  alone.      Tuo.  BYNG. 

To  THE  KING  HIS  MAIESTIE. 

Is  any  penne  so  rich  in  poetrie, 

As  to  pourtray  thy  matchlesse  Maiestie? 

Can  mortall  wight  conceit  thy  worthines, 

Which  fills  the  world's  capacious  hollownes? 

Lo  then  the  man  which  the  Lepanto '  writ ; 

Or  he,  or  els  on  earth  is  no  man  fit. 

Request  him  then,  that  he  would  thee  commend, 

Els  neu'r  thy  worth  may  worthily  be  penn'd : 

And  yet,  for  all  his  Royall  eloquence, 

Scarce  may  he  figure  forth  thy  excellence.  T.  B. 

ON  THE  DEATH  OF  OUR  LATE  QUEENE. 
They  say  a  Comet  woonteth  to  appeare, 
When  Princes  baleful  destinie  is  neare: 
So  Julius  starre  was  scene  with  fierie  crest, 
Before  his  fall  to  blaze  emongst  the  rest ! 
Our  Starre  is  fall'n,  and  yet  no  bearded  light 
Did  once  amaze  the  sad  beholders  sight ; 
For  why,  a  Comet  meete  to  have  showne  her  fall, 
Would  sure  have  set  on  fire  heaven,  earth,  and  all.        Tuo.  BYNG. 

Twixt  King  and  Cjueene  while  I  devide  my  heart, 

They,  each  to  other,  yeeld  their  doubtfull  part: 

So  turne  I  griefe  to  ioy,  or  ioy  to  griefe ; 

For  in  a  kingdome  onely  one  is  chiefe. 

The  title  due  to  both  ;  and  both  I  like, 

And  both  my  heart  with  ioy  and  griefe  doe  strike. 

Her  losse,  my  griefe;  his  gaine,  my  ioy  doth  claime; 

And  both  at  white  and  blacke  my  heart  must  aime. 

For  her  I  grieve,  in  him  I  take  delight : 

To  him  I  give  the  day,  to  her  the  night. 

To  weepe  for  her  in  night  my  blood  He  drop, 

And  ioy  for  him  my  blood  in  day  shall  stop. 

That  both  I  honour  may  in  their  degree, 

King  James,  I  wish  her  happiness  to  thee.        THOMAS  BRAUBUKIE. 

1  The  "  Lepanto"  made  a  part  of  "  His  Maiesties  Poeticall  Exercises  at  vacant  Houre" ;"  printed 
at  Edinburgh  in  1591. 

VOL.  I.  C 


10  SORROWES    IOY, 


ON  THE  DAY  OF  OUR  GJUEENE'S  DEATH,  AND  OUR  KING'S  PROCLAMATION. 

Ah,  evill  eve,  that  didst  our  hearts  dismay 

With  heavie  tidings  of  our  Ladie's  end, 
Be  thou  the  fast  vnto  our  Ladie-day, 

Wherein  our  Lord  that  sauing  newes  did  send. 
And  yet,  good  eve,  that  even  with  one  breath 
Didst  bring  vs  tydings  both  of  life  and  death, 
That  of  our  Gjueene  no  sooner  newes  didst  bring, 
But  didst  withall  bring  tydings  of  our  King  ; 

How  well  didst  thou  our  heauinesse  defray ; 

And  crosse  thy  former  with  thy  latter  word ! 
Be  Holy  eve  unto  our  Holy  day, 

Wherein  was  told  the  comming  of  our  Lord. 
Begin  the  yeares  with  good  hap  both  togither, 
Weele  keepe  the  one  beginning  as  the  other; 
And  as  it  falls,  tbou  the  Political!, 
Serue  sub-yeare  to  th'  Ecclesiasticall. 

R.  B.  Pemb. 


What  eie  from  teares  ?  what  muse  from  elegies  ? 

What  hardned  heart  from  sighes  can  now  abstaine  ? 
Gainst  our  dread  Soveraigne  Gjueene  the  destinies 

Prevailed  haue,  and  ended  quite  her  raigne : 
Her  raigne,  that  long  endured,  yet  now  is  done: 
Hence  springs  our  grief e,  hence  issueth  our  mone. 

All  tongues,  all  pennes,  all  wits  cannot  expresse 
Her  wondrous  worth,  and  matchlesse  dignitie: 

Her  presence  did  this  English  nation  blesse, 
Her  presence  doth  the  heauens  reioyce  on  hie: 

Both  earth  and  heauen  witnesse  her  happie  state, 

Happie  now  in  the  heauens,  in  earth  of  late. 

Peace  did  her  raigne  begin,  peace  it  maintain'd ; 

Peace  gave  her  leave  in  peace  hence  to  depart ; 
Peace  shee  hath  left  behind ;  which,  no  way  stain'd 

With  bloody  warre,  reioyceth  England's  heart : 
Though  we  a  King  of  Peace  haue  in  her  stead, 
Yet  let  vs  mourne, — the  Queene  of  Peace  is  dead. 

I.  G.     T.  C.  Cant. 


SORROWES  IOY,  1603- 
AN  EPITAPH  UPON  OUR  LATE  SOUVERAIGNE. 

Here  in  this  earthen  pot  lies  withered, 

Which  grew  on  hie,  the  white  rose  and  the  red. 
Strawe  roses  here,  out  of  this  rosie  bedde, 

Out  grows,  and  Hues  the  Roy-flowre  which  was  dead ; 
Thus  is  a  Phoenix  of  her  ashes  bred. 

ANOTHER  OF  THE  SAME. 

Reader,  that  thou  maiest  loue  the  dead,  hate  death  : 
Read,  In  this  tombe  lies  Queene  Elizabeth. 

Eff'udit  THEOPHILUS  FEILD  l,  Aul  Pembroch.  Cantab. 


Since  that  to  death  is  gone  that  sacred  deitie, 

That  Phoenix  rare,  whom  all  were  loath  to  leave; 
Since  that  to  death  is  gone  that  splendent  Maiestie, 
Whose  splendor,  none,  not  one  can  right  perceive ; 
But  being  dazeled  as  looking  vp  too  hie 
Amazed  standes  to  see  such  vertues  die. 

Since  that  to  death  is  gone  that  Royall  maide, 

That  Pellican,  who  for  her  people's  good 
(O  loue,  o  vertue,  which  too  soone  doeth  fade !) 
Stickt  not  to  spill,  alas!  her  owne  deare  blood  ; 
That  maide,  that  Pellican,  England's  sole  power 
Thus  soone,  too  soone  hath  breath'd  her  latest  houre. 

Since  that  to  death  is  gone  that  Princely  Dame, 

Whilome  to  whose  admired  deitie 
Vesta,  Minerva,  Pallas,  Venus  came, 
Yielding  as  captiues  to  her  Maiestie ; 

Let's  now  poure  forth  our  willing  teares  and  cries, 
Since  that  so  soone  such  rare  perfection  dies. 

Die  they  shall  not,  although  that  shee  be  dead, 

Her  praises  Hue  inrolled  and  registred 
In  Time's  old  vollumes,  alwaies  to  be  read, 
Bereaued  of  life,  but  not  of  fame  bereaued, 
O,  peerelesse  Prince,  England's  sole  paragon, 
Thy  praises  live,  although  thy  selfe  be  gone. 

1  Successively  Bishop  of  Landaff,  St.  David,  and  Hereford.     See  a  curious  letter  from  him  to  Vil- 
liers  Duke  of  Buckingham,  in  the  "  Nugae  Antiquae,"  vol.  II.  p.  W3,  edit.  1SO4. 


12  SORROWE3    IOY,  160$. 

Many  there  are  like  wolves,  and  mastie  dogges, 

Who  long  chain'd  vp  expected  long  this  daie  ; 

That  then  they  might  shake  off  their  iron  clogs, 

And  with  full  mouth  run  on  us  as  their  praie  ; 

Comfort  fed  Hope  not  long,  nor  Hope  did  Comfort  taste 
Of  Hope  and  Comfort,  for  they  see  their  last. 

For  Phoebe  gone,  a  Phoebus  now  doth  shine, 

Mars  and  Minerua's  champion  lets  him  call, 
England's  strong  shield,  vnder  whose  sacred  shrine 
England  may  shake,  but  neare  is  like  to  fall. 

Shine  Phoebus  stil,  neare  may  thy  vertuous  lights 
Eclipsed  be  with  blacke  obscured  nights. 

Reioyce,  reioyce ;  ye  dolefull  ditties,  peace ; 

Let  voice  of  sighes  be  turn'd  to  words  of  glee ; 
Lament  no  more,  sighes,  sobs,  and  sorrows  cease, 
Phoebe  farewell,  farewell  our  teares  with  thee ; 
Farewell  our  light,  by  death  bereau'd  of  light, 
Farewell  our  might,  by  death  destroi'd  of  might. 

HENRIE  CAMPION,  Colleg.  Emamiel. 


A  STAY-GRIEFE  FOR  ENGLISHMEN,  WITH  A  MOTION  TO  THE  POPE, 
AND  ENGLISH  PAPISTS. 

Elizabeth  our  English  Queene, 
The  like  to  whome  was  never  seene, 
Is  gone  from  Earth  to  Christ  aboue 
To  dwell  with  him  her  onely  loue. 
Lament  thy  losse,  thou  English  heart, 
And  sigh  and  sob,  it  is  thy  part : 
Spare  thou  no  teares,  but  bleare  thy  face, 
Spare  none  for  losse  of  such  a  grace. 
While  shee  did  hue,  God's  word  we  had, 
Sweete  peace  was  then  to  good  and  bad ; 
No  plague,  no  sword,  no  famine  great, 
Came  euer  neere  her  Royall  seate. 
No  foe,  no  death,  no  spite  of  hell, 
Could  downe  to  ground  her  scepter  fell : 
Till  God  had  brought  her  daies  to  full, 
And  made  vs  all  our  hearts  to  pull, 
For  griefe,  and  losse  of  such  a  breath, 
Which  kept  vs  all  so  long  from  death. 
But  now  what  wight  our  griefe  can  stay  ? 
What  power  can  chase  our  death  away  ? 


SORROWES    IOY,  lG03.  13 

And  keepe  God's  truth  with  peace  and  all, 

That  from  this  land  they  never  fall  ? 

"  None  now  can  helpe,"  saith  bloodie  Rome, 

"  For  all  to  nought  will  quite  fall  downe. 

Yea,  all  is  ours,  and  we  will  raigne; 

To  bring  th'  old  Masse  and  all  againe." 

"  But  soft  and  faire,"  saith  Faith  in  God, 

"  Till  James  our  King  take  vp  the  rod, 

And  with  great  grace  his  Sister's  seate 

Possesse  and  keepe  with  fervent  heate." 

Come  then,  good  James,  pluck  vp  thy  heart ; 

For  all  that's  good  will  take  thy  part. 

Come  in  betimes,  and  cure  our  sores, 

For  thou  canst  quench  euen  all  vprorcs. 

Our  hearts  thou  hast,  goods,  lands,  and  life, 

To  keepe  in  peace  and  end  all  strife. 

With  thee  wee'le  hue,  with  thee  wee'le  die, 

In  truth,  faith,  love,  eternally. 

Thy  gifts  are  great,  thy  grace  is  greene, 

To  equal  1  now  our  gratious  Queene. 

Our  faith  with  vs  doe  thou  vphold  ; 

Thee  to  defend  we  will  be  bold. 

Thy  kingly  gift1,  if  thou  dost  keepe, 

How  happie  are  thy  English  sheepe? 

Thy  selfe,  thy  sonne,  and  all  England, 

Whom  God  will  saue  with  his  right  hand  ?  So  be  it. 


A  MOTIVE  IN  HEXAMETERS. 

Turne  to  the  Lord,  proud  Pope,  by  thy  bulles  nought  setteth  a  good  King. 
Curse  though  thou  dost,  yet  shall  we  be  blest,  for  God  is  on  our  side. 
Downe  to  the  ground  thy  crowne  doe  thou  cast,  and  flee  to  the  Gospel. 
Downe  o'  thy  knees  submisse  to  our  King,  and  hurt  not  his  Highnes. 
Arme  not  his  Isles  with  a  bull,  nor  curse,  nor  whette  them  against  him. 
God  is  his  arme,  the  crowne  is  his  owne,  most  due  by  the  birth-right. 
Him  doe  we  rest  in,  next  to  the  Lord,  and  pray  for  his  welfare. 
Hast  then,  ye  Papists,  to  repent,  and  come  to  the  true  Church. 
Leave  now  the  Pope,  and  cleave  to  the  word,  God's  power  to  sauc  all  men : 
Th'  rule  to  beleeve,  to  doe  well,  to  direct  in  truth  without  errour. 
Such  is  no  Pope,  no  iudge,  nor  any  man  whosoeuer. 
Search  then  the  Scriptures,  confirming  all  to  the  writ  word. 

L.  G. 


14  SORROWES   IOY,  16*03. 

Passe  on,  Religion,  masked  all  in  blacke, 

Next,  Muses,  with  your  haire  disheueled  browes : 

Now,  Honour,  beare  the  Hearse  vpon  thy  backe : 
Then  passe,  ye  Graces,  with  the  cypresse  boughs. 

So  waile  ye  all  her  death,  of  whose  rich  heart 

Each  one  of  you  haue  still  possest  a  part. 

Cease  not  till  sorrow  doth  ye  overflow ; 

For  ye  must  more  than  human  sorrow  show. 

And  when  heart's  eyes  with  teares  are  bleard  and  dim, 

Expect  reliefe  of  England's  mightie  King : 

For  he  loves  onely  those,  that  her  did  loue, 

And  him  their  hearts  true  passions  onely  mooue. 

TH.  MILLES,  Clar, 


Shee  was,  why,  all  the  world  doth  know 

The  purest  mortall,  that  the  world  did  owe : 

Why,  doting  world,  wouldst  thou  forsake  her  ?  no : 

But  the  world's  great  Lord  said  it  must  be  so. 

Shee  was  but  lent,  how  ere  so  much  desir'd, 

The  world  his  lease  is  out,  her  time  expir'd. 

He  lent  the  world  her,  on  this  condition, 

That  shee  might  be  at  his  disposition. 

Well  may  we  thinke  how  that  he  lou'd  vs,  when 

He  trusted  such  a  prise  to  forward  men. 

O  thy  mercie,  Lord,  thou  dost  endeuor 

By  loue  to  binde  vs  unto  thee  for  euer. 

Was  euer  such  exchange,  euer  such  loue, 

As  we  have  had  now  sent  us  from  aboue  ? 

Without  exchange  he  might  have  tooke  away 

His  gratious  seruant,  and  made  us  a  prey 

Vnto  our  gaping  enemies,  but  he 

Doth  clogge  vs  still  with  strange  prosperitie. 

In  greatest  griefe,  came  the  greatest  pleasure : 

Weepe  we  would,  but  ioy  giues  vs  no  leisure. 

In  griefe  we  doe  sing,  in  weeping  ioy  : 

Our  Queene  we  weepe,  and  sing  Vive  le  Roy, 

G.  F.  Aid.  Trln. 


SORROVVES    IOY,   1603. 
SlNGULTlENTES    LUSUS. 

The  Muses  with  pale  violets  inchequered 

T1V  eternall  garden  of  Elizaes  rest : 
Venus  with  hyacinths  her  tombe  indiapred, 

The  Graces  with  sweete  balme  annoint  her  brest. 
Loue  strowed  cinnamon  on  Phcenix  nest, 

Phoebus  adorn'd  it  with  eternal!  bayes, 
Sylvanus  with  sad  cypres  it  addrest, 

Bacchus  with  twisting  Ivie  it  arraies. 
To  water  all  these  plants  and  pallid  flowers, 
Deare  Queene,  mine  eyes  shall  streame  a  flood  of  showers. 

Sleepe,  dearest  Queene,  your  vertue  never  sleepeth  ; 

Rest  in  your  bed  of  earth,  your  honour  waketh ; 
Slumber  securely,  for  your  glorie  keepeth 

Continuall  guard;  and  liuing  ioy  partaketh: 
Dearest  of  deare,  a  rising  doth  remaine, 
For  sunnes  that  sleeping  set,  must  rise  againe. 

The  blessed  morne  'fore  blessed  Marie's  day, 
On  Angels  wings  our  Queene  to  Heaven  flieth  ; 

To  sing  a  part  of  that  celestiall  lay, 
Which  Alleluiah,  Alleluiah  crieth. 

In  heaucn's  chorus  so  at  once  are  scene, 

A  Virgin  Mother  and  a  Maiden  Queene. 

What  meanes  this  shining  lustre  of  the  aire, 
As  though  our  Northern  welkin  were  on  fire  ? 

How  is  this  cloudie  night  become  so  faire, 
Lamping  in  starrie  light  and  bright  attire  ? 

Some  say,  the  starres  from  heauen  and  earth  descended, 

I  say,  a  starre  from  earth  to  heauen  ascended. 

Mine  hand  did  quake,  and  with  a  palsey  tremble, 

My  letters  halfe  were  straight,  and  halfe  were  crooked, 

My  teares  betwixt  each  word  did  blots  resemble ; 
My  sighes  did  drie  my  teares,  and  all  ill  looked : 

This  ague  feare,  and  teares,  and  sighes  compacted, 

Are  emblems  of  an  heart  farre  more  distracted. 

Griefe  dumbe  in  word,  in  heartie  anguish  yelling; 

Ruth  not  in  teares,  but  in  my  heart  abounding ; 
Sorrow  not  sighing,  but  mine  heart  or  'quelling ; 

Not  in  my  tongue,  but  in  my  soule  resounding: 
What  melting  words  such  sorrow  can  impart : 
A  dying  Queene  is  tombed  in  my  heart. 


SORROWES   IOY,  1(>03. 

And  such  a  Queene :  whoever  names  her  name, 

And  doth  not  weepe  ?  who  weepes,  and  is  not  burned 

With  fuming  sighes?  who  sighes,  and  doth  not  blame 
Those  starres,  which  all  our  blisse  to  sorrow  turned? 

Let  him  not  live,  that  once  Eliza  heares, 

Which  is  not  chokt  with  sighes,  and  drownd  with  teares. 

The  spangled  canopie  of  heauen's  vault, 

Cassiopaea's  chaire  but  late  receiued ; 
Astrologers  great  wonder  did  assault, 

To  finde  the  cause ;  and  yet  were  all  deceiued. 
Eliza  sent  to  heauen,  the  heauens  had  care 
A  golden  starrie  throne  for  to  prepare.  I.  BOWLE,  T.  C. 

Now  is  my  Muse  clad  like  a  Parasite, 

In  partie-coloured  roabes  of  black  and  white: 

Greivingand  ioying  too,  both  these  together; 

But  grieues  or  ioys  shee  more,  I  wot  not  whether. 

Griefe  soone  had  sent  vs  after  our  griefe's  cause  ; 

But  seeing  loy  approach,  it  gan  to  pause. 

And  loy  had  vs'd  vs  as  the  Rhodian : 

But  Griefe  'gainst  kind  plaid  the  Physitian  : 

'Tis  a  rare  temperature  of  loy  and  Griefe, 

When  each  to  other  ministers  releife. 

O  deare,  deare  Saint,  I  could  haue  worshipt  thee ; 

And  still  1  would,  but  for  idolatrie. 

And  yet  I  will  i'  the  best  place  of  my  brest, 

Build  vp  a  chappel  for  thy  sole  behest, 

And  there  sing  lo,  for  that  once  thou  wast; 

Weeping  withall,  because  thou  di'd'st  at  last. 

Elizae's  dead, — that  rends  my  heart  in  twaine: 

And  James  proclaim'd, — this  makes  me  well  againe. 

If  hopes  fail  not  (if  now  they  do  'tis  strange), 

The  losse  is  but  as  when  the  moone  doth  change ; 

Or  when  as  Phoenix  dies;  Phcenix  is  dead, 

And  so  a  Phcenix  followes  in  her  stead; 

Phaenix  for  Phcenix:  sith  'tis  so  and  so, 

This  very  moneth  instructs  vs  what  to  doe. 

Whilest  April  showers  doe  teach  vs  how  to  weepe, 

The  sunne  betwixt  two  watrie  cloudes  doth  peepe  ; 

And  bids  vs  cheerely  sing  our  teares  among : 

Consent  of  different  notes  must  tune  our  song. 

Let  euery  Muse  to  Tropheus'  cell  returne, 

Which  cannot  both  at  once  both  ioy  and  mourne. 

THOMAS  CECILL  ',  Coll.  Johan. 

Eldest  son  of  the  Lord  Treasurer  Burleigh ;  and  in  1605  created  Earl  of  Exeter. 


SORROWES  IOY,  iCog.  17 

A  CANTO  VPON  THE  DEATH  OF  ELIZA. 

The  earely  Houres  were  readie  to  unlocke 
The  doore  of  Morne,  to  let  abroad  the  day ; 

When  sad  Ocyroe  sitting  on  a  rocke, 

Hemmd  in  with  teares,  not  glassing  as  they  say 
Shee  woont,  her  damaske  beuties  (when  to  play 

Shee  bent  her  looser  fancie)  in  the  streame, 

That  sudding  on  the  rocke,  would  closely  seeme 
To  imitate  her  whitenesse  with  his  frothy  creame. 

But  hanging  from  the  stone  her  careful  head, 
That  shewed  (for  griefe  had  made  it  so  to  shew) 

A  stone  itselfe,  thus  only  differed, 

That  those  without,  these  streames  within  did  flow, 
Both  euer  ramie  ;  yet  neuer  lesse  did  grow ; 

And  tearing  from  her  head  her  amber  haires, 

Whose  like  or  none,  or  onely  Phoebus  weares, 
Shee  strowd  them  on  the  flood  to  waite  vpon  her  teares. 

About  her  many  Nymphes  sate  weeping  by, 

That  when  shee  sang  were  woont  to  daunce  and  leape ; 

And  all  the  grasse  that  round  about  did  lie, 

Hung  full  of  teares,  as  if  that  meant  to  weepe; 
Whitest  th'  vndersliding  streames  did  softly  creepe, 

And  clung  about  the  rocke  with  winding  wreath, 

To  heare  a  Canto  of  Elizac's  death ; 
Which  thus  poore  nymph  shee  sung,  whilest  Sorrowe  lent  her  breath. 

Tell  me,  ye  blushing  currols  that  bunch  out, 

To  cloath  with  beuteous  red  your  ragged  fire, 
So  let  the  sea-greene  mosse  curie  round  about, 

With  soft  embrace  (as  creeping  vines  doe  wyre 

Their  loued  elmes)  your  sides  in  rosie  tyre, 
So  let  the  ruddie  vermeyle  of  your  cheeke 
Make  stain'd  carnations  fresher  liueries  seeke, 
So  let  your  braunched  armes  grow  crooked,  smooth,  and  sleeke. 

So  from  your  growth  late  be  you  rent  away, 

And  hung  with  silver  bels  and  whistles  shrill ; 
Vnto  those  children  be  you  giuen  to  play, 
Where  blest  Eliza  raign'd ;  so  neuer  ill 
Betide  your  canes,  nor  them  with  breaking  spill, 
Tell  me  if  some  vnciuill  hand  should  teare 
Your  branches  hence,  and  place  them  otherwhere; 
Could  you  still  grow,  and  such  fresh  crimson  ensignes  beare  ? 
VOL.  r.  D 


IS  SORROWES    TOY,   16*03. 

Tell  me,  sad  Philomele,  that  yonder  sit'st 
Piping  thy  songs  vnto  the  dauncing  twig, 

And  to  the  waters  fall  thy  musicke  fit'st, 
So  let  the  friendly  prickle  never  digge 
Thy  watchfull  breast  with  wound  or  small  or  bigge, 

Whereon  thou  lean'st ;  so  let  the  hissing  snake, 

Sliding  with  shrinking  silence,  neuer  take 
Th'  vnwarie  foote,  whilst  thou  perhaps  hangst  half  awake. 

So  let  the  loathed  lapwing,  when  her  nest 
Is  stolne  away,  not  as  shee  vses,  flie, 

Cousening  the  searcher  of  his  promis'd  feast, 
But,  widdow'd  of  all  hope,  still  Ids  crie, 
And  nought  but  Itis,  Itis,  till  shee  die. 

Say,  sweetest  querister  of  the  airie  quire, 

Doth  not  thy  Tereu,  Tereu,  then  expire, 
When  Winter  robs  thy  house  of  all  her  greene  attire  ? 

Tell  me,  ye  veluet-headed  violets 

That  fringe  the  crooked  banke  with  gawdie  blewe ; 

So  let  with  comely  grace  your  pretie  frets 
Be  spread,  so  let  a  thousands  Zephyrs  sue 
To  kisse  your  willing  heads,  that  seem  t'eschew 

Their  wanton  touch  with  maiden  modestie ; 

So  let  the  siluer  dewe  but  lightlie  lie, 
Like  little  watrie  worlds  within  your  azure  skie. 

So  when  your  blazing  leaues  are  broadly  spread, 
Let  wandring  nymphes  gather  you  in  their  lapps, 

And  send  you  where  Eliza  lieth  dead, 

To  strow  the  sheete  that  her  pale  bodie  wraps  ; 
Aie  me,  in  this  I  enuie  your  good  haps ; 

Who  would  not  die,  there  to  be  buried  ? 

Say,  if  the  sunne  denie  his  beames  to  shedde 
Vpon  your  liuing  stalkes,  grow  you  not  withered  ? 

Tell  me,  thou  wanton  brooke,  that  slipst  away 
T  avoid  the  straggling  banks  still  flowing  cling  ; 

So  let  thy  waters  cleanely  tribute  pay, 

Vnmixt  with  mudde,  vnto  the  sea  your  king; 
So  neuer  let  your  streatnes  leaue  murmuring, 

Vntill  they  steale  by  many  a  secret  furt 

To  kisse  those  walls  that  built  Elizaes  Court, 
Drie  you  not  when  your  mother  springs  are  choakt  with  durt : 


SORROWES    10V,   1603.  19 

Yes,  you  all  say,  and  I  say,  with  you  all, 

Naught  without  cause  of  ioy  can  ioyous  bide, 
Then  me,  vnhappie  nyrnph,  whom  the  dire  fall 

Of  my  ioyes  spring,  but  there,  aye  me,  shee  cried, 

And  spake  no  more  ;  for  sorrow  speech  denied  : 
And  downe  into  her  watrie  lodge  did  goe ; 
The  very  waters  when  shee  sunke  did  showe 
With  many  wrinkled  ohs,  they  sympathiz'd  her  woe. 

The  sunne,  in  mourning  clouds  inveloped, 

Flew  fast  into  the  westearne  world  to  tell 
Newes  of  her  death.     Heaven  it  selfe  sorrowed 
With  teares  that  to  the  earthes  danke  bosome  fell ; 
But,  when  the  next  Aurora  gan  to  deale 
Handfuls  of  roses  fore  the  teameof  day, 
A  Shepheard  droue  his  ttocke  by  chance  that  way, 
And  made  the  nymph  to  dance  that  mourned  yesterday. 

G.  FLETCHER,  Trinlt. 


A  Deprecation  of  our  ueuall  lapse  in  Speech  bred  by  the  long  fruition  of  out- 
blessed  late  Soueraigne. 

O  Great  Isles  greater  King,  whose  greatest  fame 
(Which  Muses  honour,  Muses  honoureth) 
Is  worthy  all  our  breath  to  spend  ;  our  breath 
Scarce  worthy  once  to  sound,  ne  sing  the  same : 
Pardon,  dread  Soueraigne  Lord,  ne  deeme  it  blame, 
If  in  our  mouthcs,  and  eares  now  after  death, 
Queene  oft  doth  sound,  and  oft  Elizabeth, 
Instead  of  thy  more  due,  no  lesse  sweete  name. 

The  new-set  Sun  still  casts  some  glimmering  beams; 

Sweete  odours  gone  perfume  their  quitted  place. 
So,  more  then  so,  the  gratious  name  King  James, 

In  vs,  not  vs,  in  our  yet  vnborne  race. 
Shal  long,  long  hence  (but  spare  that  word  of  terror), 
Reuiue  this  sweete,  vnwitting,  willing  error.  T.  G.  Regalis. 


Griefe  rule  my  panting  heart : 

Make  that  three  cornered  Isle  thy  dolefull  throne: 
Thou  inmate  mirth,  depart: 

For  I  must,  can,  will,  onely  inly  grone. 
Time  speake,  excuse  my  mone. 


SORROWES    IOY, 

Of  all  the  flowres  thou  pul'dst  (and  thou  pul'st  all) 
Did  ever  any  one 

Breath  sweetlier  whilst  it  grew,  or  sweetlier  fall  ? 
Teares,  to  your  taske  ;  and  when  you  haue  spent  your  store, 
Weep  stil  because  you  cannot  stil  weep  more. 

Yet  since  thou  canst  not  mend  it, 

Muse,  of  necessitie  a  vertue  make  : 
Say  that  the  gods  did  lend  it, 

Vpon  the  day  prefix!  againe  to  take. 

Say  Eliza  was  a  flowre 
Worthie  alone  to  decke  the  Elizian  plaine ; 

Worthy  that  starrie  bowre, 
Where  shee  doth  sticke  ne're  to  be  cropt  againe. 
And  since  her  death  such  changes  doth  reueale, 
Say,  well-rung  changes  make  the  sweetest  peale. 

Take  comfort,  heauie  minde, 

For  though  thy  moone  decaies,  thy  sun  doth  rise ; 
Which  (but  shee,  had  any  shin'd), 

Would,  past  all  admiration,  rule  our  skies, 

And  now  will  farre  surpasse 
The  most  large  vnbound  hopes  we  could  expect ; 

Though  greater  hope  ne're  was, 
That  any  King  could  better  vs  direct; 
Proceed,  great  Prince,  in  thy  wel-setled  waies ; 
Thy  worth  is  infinit,  so  be  thy  daies.  EDWA.  KELI.ET,  Regalis. 


Now  did  the  sunne,  like  an  undaunted  hart, 
Euen  in  his  fall  enlarge  his  ample  browe; 
Now  his  last  beames  on  Spanish  shore  did  dart, 
Hurrying  to  Thetis  his  all-flaming  cart ; 

When  th'  Atticke  maid,  pearched  on  bared  bowe, 
Vnhappie  Atticke  maide,  sang  the  sad  treason 
Of  Tereus,  most  wicked  man  ; 
And  well  as  her  renu'd  tongue  can, 
Tempered  her  tragicke  laies  vnto  the  sulleine  season. 

When  Coridon,  a  cruel  heardgroomes  boy, 

Yet  somewhat  vs'd  to  sing,  and  with  his  peeres 

Carroll  of  loue,  and  louers  sad  annoy ; 

Wearie  of  passed  woe,  and  glad  of  present  ioy, 
Hauing  instal'd  his  sunn'd  and  ful  fed  steeres, 


SORROWES    IOV,  1603. 

Thus  to  the  riuer  his  blisse  signified 

Well  as  he  could,  and  turning  all 

Vnto  the  humming  riuers  fall, 
The  woods  and  eccho  his  song  goodly  dignified, 

Ye  goodly  nymphes  that  with  this  riuer  dwell, 
All  daughters  of  the  yellow-sanded  Chame; 
Which  deepe  in  hollow  rockes  frame  out  your  cell, 
Tell  me,  ye  nymphes,  for  you  can  surely  tell ; 

Is  death  the  cause  of  life?  or  can  that  same, 
Be  my  great'st  blisse,  which  was  my  great'st  annoy? 
Eliza's  dead,  and  (can  it  be  ?) 
Eliza's  death  brings  ioy  to  me ; 
Hell  beeing  the  cause,  why  heauenly  is  the  ioy  ? 

With  floods  of  teares  1  waile  that  deadly  houre, 

When  as  Eliza,  Eliza,  blessed  Maide, 
Was  married  to  Death,  and  we  giu'n  as  her  doure, 
And  low  descending  into  Plutoe's  bower, 

Scarce  fills  an  earthen  pot  being  loosely  laid. 
Ah  is  there  such  power,  such  crueltie  in  fate? 
Can  one  Sunne  one  man  see 
Without  (and  worse  than)  miserie? 
Then  farewell,  glorious  pompe,  and  fickle  mortals  state. 

And  yet  ten  thousand  times  I  blesse  that  time, 

When  that  good  Prince,  that  Prince  of  endles  fame, 
Both  in  the  yeares,  and  our  ioyes  springing  prime, 
Strucke  my  glad  earcs,  and  rais'd  my  rugged  rime, 

To  carroll  lowd,  and  heire  his  honor'd  name. 
Ah  is  there  such  power,  such  bountie  in  fate  ? 
Can  one  Sunne  one  man  see 
Worse,  and  without  all  miserie  ? 
Then  welcome,  constant  ioy,  and  never-changing  state. 

Thou  blessed  Spirit,  sit  thou  euer  there, 

Where  thou  nowe  sit'st— in  Heau'n ;  the  worlds  late  wonder, 
Now  Heavens  ioy,  and  with  that  God  yfere, 
Who  still  to  thee,  thou  stil  to  Him  wast  deare, 

Lcaue  vs  vnto  the  world  and  fortunes  thunder; 
Or  where  thou  dost  that  blessednes  enioy, 
Bid  me,  O  quickly  bid  me, 
Come  there,  where  thou  hast  hid  thee, 
In  loues  all-blessed  lap  without,  and  'boue  annoy. 


22  SORROWES  ioy,  1603. 

If  not,  ile  liue  vnder  thy  sunshine  rayes; 

And  while  the  Fates  afoard  me  vitall  breath, 
Ile  spend  it  as  thy  tribute  in  thy  praise. 
Dighting,  such  as  I  can,  light  virelaies, 

To  thee,  great  Prince,  whose  life  paies  for  her  death, 
Thereto  doe  thou  my  humble  spirit  reare  ; 
And  with  thy  sacred  fire 
My  frozen  heart  inspire : 
Chasing  from  thy  high  spirit  all  imperious  feare. 

Then  will  I  sing,  and  yet  who  better  sings 

Of  thee,  then  thine  owne  oft-tride  Muse  ? 
Which  when  into  thy  heroicke  spirit  springs, 
The  fields  resound,  and  neighbour  forrest  rings, 

And  sacred  Muses  leauing  their  woont  use 
Of  carroling,  flying  their  loathed  cell, 
Run  to  thy  silver  sound, 
And  liuely  dauncen  round : 
What  caren  they  for  Helicon,  or  their  Pegasean  well  ? 

Then  thou  thy  selfe,  thy  selfe  historifie, 

But  I  in  willow  shade  will  chaunt  thy  name; 
And  sing  I  will,  though  I  sing  sorrily, 
And  thee,  though  little,  I  will  glorifie ; 

And  shrilly  pipe  aloud,  the  whilst  my  Chaine 
Shall  answer  all  againe,  thy  name  aye  Hues, 
While  th'  Oceans  froathie  hoare 
Beats  on  thy  British  shore, 
And  Albion  threats  the  heaven  with  high  whited  cliues. 

By  this  the  old  nights  head  gan  to  be  gray, 

And  dappled  round  with  many  a  whited  spot ; 
So  that  the  boy  through  ruinous  nights  decay, 
Saw  the  first  birth  of  the  new  infant  day  ; 
So  vp  he  rose,  and  to  his  home  he  got ; 
And  all  the  way  of  James  he  lowdly  sang, 
And  all  the  way  the  plaine 
Answered  James  againe : 
That  all  the  woods  of  James  and  th' Heaven  lowdly  rang. 

PLIN.  FLETCHER,  Regalis. 


SO R HOWES    IOY,    1G03.  23 

\ullo  godirnento  senza  dolore,  iiondimeno  dojio  godimfnto. 

The  sabled  suit  of  mourning  that  I  weare 

Is  griefe,  which  inwardly  my  soul  doth  take 
For  our  late  Soueraigne  Queene  and  Ladie  deare ; 

Whose  earthly  light  extinct,  garres  my  heart  ake. 
Through  euery  veine  melancholic  sad  feare 
Doth  pierce,  and  ioy  my  vitall  spirits  forsake. 
Death  is  my  life,  with  dreadful!  sighes  I  die; 
Heart  breake  in  twainc,  pleasure  depart,  goe  flie. 

But  ah,  poore  soule,  despaire  not  yet ;  behold, 

Although  her  glasse  and  earthie  date  be  done, 
And  that  her  corps  be  lapt  vp  in  the  mold, 

Her  vertues  haue  eternal  glorie  wonne ; 
Piercing  the  skies,  and  there  like  burnisht  gold, 
The  radiant  beames  in  her  name,  mates  the  snnne 

Through  all  the  spheres;  nought  can  eclipse  her  light, 
But  that  her  starre  will  shine  in  darkest  night. 

As  well  on  earth,  as  aie  in  the  skies  shal't  shine ; 

For  seate  and  crowne,  in  peace  that  shee  possest, 
A  glorious  light  (most  lustrious  of  her  line), 

Scepter,  crowne,  throne,  and  all  enioies  with  rest : 
Wisedome  and  Justice,  doe  with  him  combine. 
Her  vertues  eke  and  mo,  lodge  in  his  brest, 
Oh  griefe  and  ioy,  so  suddenly  commixt, 
Such  sympathie  was  er'e  scene  you  betwixt  ? 

As  late  when  Winter  had  cast  off  his  weede, 

Our  Sunne  eclipst  did  set,  oh,  light  most  faire, 
Calme  was  the  time,  tempests  and  stormes  agreed 

To  hide  their  heads,  and  not  disturbe  the  aire. 
Next  morne,  fair  Phcebe,  betime  mounts  on  his  steed, 
And  to  the  azurd  heauens  makes  repaire : 

For  ioy  birds  sung,  leaues  sprung,  fruits  gan  t'encrease, 
And  none  but  God  did  worke  this  ioyfull  peace. 

Oh  give  the  praise  to  Him,  for  with  His  might 

He  rules  sunne,  inoone,  starres,  seas,  earth,  lightning,  thunder, 
His  eie  winks  not  by  day,  or  sleeps  by  night, 

But  makes  and  works  by  wisdome  things  of  wonder  ; 
Dealing  Justice  diuinely  and  vpright, 

Exalting  vertuc,  and  vice  keeping  vnder. 
Thus  gouernes  God,  the  maker  of  all  things, 
Disposing  of  all  kingdomes,  and  of  Kings. 

Vna  e  semprc  mai  medesimn. — E.  L.  Aul.  Clar.  </ero//V». 


24  SORROWES    IOY, 


Faire  Cynthia's  dead :  so  is  my  Muse,  she  breathes ; 

My  Muse  it  breathes  ;  yet  cannot  speake  for  griefe : 
She's  dead,  her  death  no  life  my  Muse  bequeathes, 
Sole  Cynthius  yeelds  my  dying  Muse  releefe, 
Twixt  both  my  Hue-dead  Muse  as  yron  lies 
Between  two  adamants  of  equall  prize. 

Should  I  sing  or  weepe  ?  griefe  they  twaine  impart, 

They  twaine  eke  ioy ;  for  ioye  ile  sing,  ile  weepe  ; 
My  teares  run  backe  me  drowne  my  swelling  heart. 
Ile  ioy,  for  ioy  no  measure  can  I  keepe. 

Ah,  that  my  braine  a  streame  of  wit  could  flow, 
That  teares  for  ioy  my  sensles  pen  mote  sow. 

I  saw  a  glorious  Sunne  set  in  the  South, 

Which  fits  not  heauen's  diurnall  motion; 
The  absence  of  this  starre  bred  mickle  routh  : 
Eft  by  more  wondrous  revolution, 

In  th'  North  there  rise  another  glorious  Sunne, 
Who  brought  in  day  before  the  night  was  don. 

Ere  dart  thy  crimsen  rayes  on  this  our  Isle, 
Ere  Cynthius  liue,  if  life  be  liuing  here ; 
Ere  let  thy  gladsome  face  on  England  smile, 
Ere  be  thou  prinium  movens  of  our  sphere, 
Life's  highest  Zenith  ere  to  thee  betide: 
Who  seekes  thy  life,  let  Death's  low  Nadir  hide. 

THO.  WALKINGTON,  S.  I.  Coll. 


ACCESSION    OF    KING   JAMES. 


THIS  very  important  event  is  thus  recorded  by  Howes,  the  Continuator  of 
Stow's  Chronicle: 

" The  24th  of  March,  1 602-3,  about  twoof  the  clocke  in  the  morning,  dyed  Queene 
ELIZABETH  of  worthie  memory,  surrendering  this  mortall  kingdome  for  an  im- 
mortal!. And  forthwith  the  Princes,  Peers  of  the  Land,  and  Privie  Counsellors 
of  State,  in  their  wisedome,  and  foresight  for  the  preservation  and  continuance  of 
our  long  enjoyed  peace  and  tranquillitie,  being  a  matter  which  all  Nations  held 
impossible  to  performe,  by  reason  of  so  many  lawes,  made  not  onely  against  com- 
petitors and  pretenders,  but  against  all  future  right  of  succession  ' ; — the  Lords 

1  The  accession  of  King  James  is  thus  noticed  by  a  Scottish  Historian  : 

"  This  yeir  of  God  1603,  in  the  moneth  of  March,  Elizabeth  Quein  of  England  (of  worthie 
memorie),  dyed  at  Kychmound  vpon  Thames  ;  vnto  whom  succeeded  James,  the  sixt  of  that  name, 
King  of  Scotland,  being  hir  nixt  Heyre  both  by  his  Father  and  by  his  Mother.  He  was  proclamed 
King  at  London,  not  many  hours  after  her  death,  the  24th  day  of  March  1603  yeirs,  and  was  crowned 
in  great  solemnitie  at  Westminster,  with  the  generall  applause  of  the  subjects  of  that  kingdome 
vpon  the  25th  day  of  Julie  1603  yeirs,  being  Sanct  James  his  day.  His  Majestic  obteyned  the  peace- 
able possession  of  that  kingdome  by  the  speciall  providence  of  the  Almightie  God,  beyond  the 
expectation  of  many,  when  nothing  was  looked  for  but  warr  on  all  syds  ;  which  discourse  I  will  a 
litle  inlarge  in  this  place,  for  the  reader's  better  satisfaction. 

"  By  the  death  of  Elizabeth  Quein  of  England,  the  issues  of  King  Henry  the  Eight  failed,  being 
spent  in  one  generation  and  thrie  successions  ;  for  that  King,  though  he  wes  one  of  the  goodliest 
persons  of  his  tyme,  yet  he  left  by  his  six  wyffs  thrie  children  only,  who,  reigning  successivelie,  and 
dying  chyldles,  made  place  to  the  line  of  Margaret,  his  eldest  sister,  mareid  to  James  the  Fourth, 
King  of  Scotland.  Thar  succeided  therfor  to  the  kingdome  of  England,  James  the  Sixth,  then  King 
of  Scotland,  descended  of  the  same  Margaret,  both  by  father  and  mother;  so  that,  by  a  rare  event 
in  the  Pedigries  of  Kings,  it  seemed  as  iff  Divyne  Providence  (to  extinguish  and  tak  away  all  invy 
and  note  of  a  stranger)  had  doubled  vpon  his  pereon,  within  the  circuit  of  one  aige,  the  royall  blood 
of  England  to  both  parents.  This  Succession  drew  towards  it  the  eyes  of  all  men,  being  one  of  the 
most  memorable  accidents  that  had  happened  a  long  tyme  in  the  Christian  world ;  for  the  Kingdome 
of  France  haveing  been  revnited  in  the  aige  befor,  in  all  the  Provinces  therof  formerlie  dismembered, 
and  the  Kingdome  of  Spain  being  of  more  fresh  memory  vnited  and  maid  intyre,  by  the  annexing  of 
Portugall  in  the  person  of  Phillip  the  Second,  there  remained  hot  this  third  and  last  vnion  for  the 
counterposing  of  the  power  of  these  monarchies,  and  the  disposing  of  the  affairs  of  Europe  therby  to 
a  more  sure  and  vniversall  peace  and  concord."  Gordon's  Earldom  of  Sutherland,  p.  249. 
VOL.  I.  E 


26  ACCESSION    OF   KING   JAMES, 

aforesaid  (knowing  above  all  things  delayes  to  bee  most  dangerous)  within  six 
houres  after  her  Highnesse  death,  made  Proclamation  at  the  Court  Gates  in  the 
open  assemblie,  signifying  and  assuring  the  people  her  Majesty  was  dead,  and  that 
the  right  of  succession  was  wholly  in  JAMES  the  King  of  Scots,  now  justly  inti- 
tuled unto  the  Crowne  of  England.  And  the  same  made  knowne  unto  all  his 
loving  subjects  by  this  Proclamation,  by  the  name  of  "James  the  First,  King  of 
England,  Scotland,  France,  and  Ireland,  Defender  of  the  Faith,  &c."  And  about 
eleven  of  the  clocke  the  same  forenoone,  at  the  West  side  of  the  High  Crosse  in 
Cheape-side,  where  were  assembled  the  most  parte  of  the  English  Princes, 
Peeres,  divers  principall  Prelates,  and  extraordinary  and  unexpected  numbers  of 
gallant  Knights,  and  grave  Gentlemen  of  note  well  mounted,  besides  the  huge 
number  of  common  persons;  all  which,  with  great  reverence,  gave  attention  unto 
the  Proclamation,  being  most  distinctly  and  audibly  read  by  Mr.  Secretary  Cecill, 
at  the  end  thereof  with  one  consent  cryed  alowd,  "  God  save  King  James,"  being 
not  a  little  glad  to  see  their  long  feared  danger  so  cleerely  prevented.  After  that, 
the  Lords  went  unto  Maister  Sheriffe  Pemberton's  house,  and  there  their  wise- 
domes  consulting  what  was  further  to  be  done  in  so  waghtie  businesse,  sent  three 
Heraulds  and  aTrumpetter  to  proclaime  the  same  within  the  Tower,  at  the  hear- 
ing whereof  as  well  Prysoners  as  others  rejoyced,  namely,  the  Earle  of  South- 
ampton, in  whom  all  signes  of  great  gladnesse  appeared  ;  great  care  and  diligence 
was  used  to  give  notice  of  this  happie  and  peaceable  proceeding  unto  Justices  of 
Counties,  Rulers  of  Townes  and  Cities,  forthwith  to  doe  the  like ;  yet,  notwith- 
standing the  swift  expedition  of  this  publication,  there  were  divers  Gentlemen 
had  formed  secret  intelligence,  and  in  divers  places  *  proclaimed  the  King's  right 
without  warrant,  but  not  without  welcome2." 

1  At  MORPETH,  ALNWICK,  and  BERWICK,  the  Proclamation  was  made  by  the  authority  of  Sir  Robert 
Carey.  See  hereafter  pp.  32 — 34 ;  and  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  III.  p.  607. 

*  "  The  infinite  pains  taken  by  Henry  VIII.  to  prevent  the  accession  of  the  House  of  Stewart  to  the 
English  throne,  were  now  defeated,  and  the  fatal  consequences  of  such  an  event,  predicted  by  his  flat- 
tering politicians,  were  proved  to  be  false.  The  King  of  Scotland  was  unquestionably  the  lawful  heir 
of  the  Crown  of  England,  and  his  succeeding  to  it  became  the  very  means  of  restoring  this  country 
to  its  native  strength,  and  of  rendering  Great  Britain  the  arbiter  of  Europe.  Still,  however,  as  there 
were  some  prejudices  against  the  accession  of  a  Foreigner,  and  as  the  crown  had  not  always  descended 
in  a  regular  succession ;  the  Council  did  not  immediately  upon  the  notice  of  Elizabeth's  death  pro- 
claim him  King,  but  spent  several  hours  in  deliberating  together,  and  in  feeling  each  other's  pulses  on 
this  most  important  subject.  Hence  it  happened  that  the  intelligence  concerning  the  Queen's  de- 
cease was  made  known  throughout  the  country,  and  carried  to  James  himself,  before  that  concerning 
the  proclamation  of  her  successor.  In  these  circumstances  the  High  Sheriff  of  Hampshire  took  a 


KING   JAMES    PROCLAIMED    IN   LONDON,  WINCHESTER,  AND   YORK,  l603.        527 

The  Proclamation  being  somewhat  remarkable,  and  proving  that  adulation  is 
too  often  paid  to  a  high,  though  untried  character,  it  is  here  inserted  at  length : 

"  Forasmuch  as  it  has  pleased  Almighty  God  to  call  to  his  mercy,  out  of  this 
transitory  life,  our  Sovereign  Lady  the  high  and  mighty  Princess  Elizabeth,  late 
Queen  of  England,  France,  and  Ireland,  by  whose  death  and  dissolution  the  Im- 
perial Realms  aforesaid  are  come  absolutely,  wholly,  and  solely  to  the  high  and 
mighty  Prince  James  the  Sixth,  King  of  Scotland  ;  who  is  lineally  and  lawfully 
descended  from  Margaret,  daughter  of  the  high  and  renowned  Prince  Henry  the 
Seventh,  King  of  England,  France,  and  Ireland,  his  great-grandfather;  the  said 
Lady  Margaret  being  lawfully  begotten  of  the  body  of  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
King  Edward  the  Fourth,  by  whose  happy  conjunction  both  the  Houses  of  York 
and  Lancaster  were  united,  to  the  unspeakable  joy  of  the  whole  kingdom  ;  Mar- 
garet being  also  eldest  sister  to  Henry  the  Eighth,  of  famous  memory,  King  of 
England  as  aforesaid. 

"  We,  therefore,  the  Lords  Spiritual  and  Temporal,  being  here  assembled, 
united,  and  assisted 'with  those  of  her  last  Majesty's  Privy  Council,  and  with  great 
numbers  of  other  principal  Gentlemen  of  quality,  with  the  Lord  Mayor,  Alder- 
bold  and  decided  part,  which  proved  his  attachment  to  the  House  of  Stewart.  Instead  of  waking  for 
the  orders  of  the  Council  in  London,  the  result  of  whose  deliberations  could  not,  with  any  certainty, 
be  known  j  the  instant  he  heard  that  Elizabeth  was  no  more,  he  hurried  over  to  WINCHESTER,  from 
his  seat  in  its  neighbourhood,  and  there  proclaimed  James  1.  King  of  England.  This  was  Sir  Benja- 
min Tichborne,  of  a  family  more  ancient  in  this  county  than  the  conquest,  who  had  been  knighted 
by  Elizabeth  in  1601,  in  her  Progress  to  Basing.  It  may  seem  extraoj-dinaiy  that  Elizabeth  should 
lavish  her  favours  on  known  Catholic  Recusants ; — as  the  Mayor  of  Winchester,  Sir  Henry  Tichborne, 
Lord  Montague,  the  Earl  of  Southampton,  &c.  were;  yet  so  the  case  stood.  She  knew  how  to 
retain  the  laws  in  favour  of  those  who  pleased  her.  This  loyal  and  spirited  conduct  of  the  High 
Sheriff  appeared  so  meritorious  in  the  eyes  of  the  new  Sovereign,  who  was  remarkably  liberal  in  his 
favours  at  his  first  entrance  into  England,  that  he  made  a  grant  to  him  and  his  heirs  for  ever,  in  fee 
farm,  of  the  royal  Castle  in  this  city,  with  a  yearly  pension  of  ^£.10O  during  his  own  life  and  the 
life  of  his  eldest  son,  Sir  Richard  Tichborne,  whom  he  also  knighted."  Milner's  Winchester,  I.  389. 

"  Notwithstanding  the  speedy  and  public  notice  given  of  the  Queen's  death,  together  with  the  procla- 
mation of  the  immediate  and  lawful  successors  to  the  English  Crown  and  Kingdom,"  says  the  Conti- 
nuator  of  Stow's  Annals,  "yet  the  news  of  it  reached  not  the  City  of  YOBK,  only  150  miles  distant, 
until  Sunday  March  the  2"th.  Neither,"  adds  my  Author,  "  did  the  Lord  Mayor  and  Aldermen  of  York 
give  full  credit  to  the  report  then  ;  though  they  had  received  it  from  the  Lord  Burleigh,  then  .Lord 
President  of  the  Council  in  the  North,  and  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Yorkshire.  Robert  Water,  Lord 
Mayor  of  York,  with  the  Aldermen  his  brethren,  had  prepared  themselves  to  have  made  Proclamation 
in  their  chief  market-place  of  the  death  of  the  Queen,  and  the  present  right  of  King  James  to  the 


28  KING   JAMES   PROCLAIMED    AT   KINGSTON-UPON-HULL,  1603. 

men,  and  Citizens  of  London,  and  with  multitudes  of  other  good  subjects  and 
commons  of  this  land,  thirsting  after  nothing  so  much  as  to  make  it  known  to  all 
persons,  who  it  is  that  by  law,  by  lineal  succession,  and  undoubted  right,  is  now 
become  the  only  Sovereign  Lord  and  King  of  these  Imperial  Crowns :  and  to  the 
intent  that,  by  virtue  of  his  power,  wisdom,  and  godly  courage,  all  things  may  be 
provided  for  and  executed,  which  may  prevent  or  resist,  either  foreign  attempts 
or  popular  disorders,  tending  to  the  breach  of  the  present  peace,  or  to  the  preju- 
dice of  his  Majesty's  quiet :  We  do  now,  hereby,  with  one  full  assent  and  con- 
sent of  tongue  and  heart,  publish  and  proclaim,  that  the  high  and  mighty  James 
the  Sixth,  King  of  Scotland,  is  now,  by  the  death  of  our  late  Sovereign,  Queen  of 
England,  of  famous  memory,  become  our  only  lawful,  lineal,  and  rightful  liege 
Lord,  James  the  First,  King  of  England,  France,  and  Ireland,  Defender  of  the 
Faith  ;  to  whom,  as  to  our  only  just  Prince,  adorned  (besides  his  undoubted  right) 
with  all  the  rarest  gifts  of  mind  and  body,  to  the  infinite  comfort  of  all  his  peo- 
ple and  subjects,  who  shall  live  under  him,  we  acknowledge  all  faith  and  constant 
obedience,  with  all  hearty  and  humble  affections,  both  during  our  natural  lives  for 
ourselves,  and  in  behalf  of  our  posterity:  hereby  protesting  and  declaring  to  all 

Succession  that  Sunday  morning.  Yet  such  was  their  doubt  of  the  truth  of  the  report  that  they 
stopped  proceedings  till  they  had  sent  the  Recorder,  with  Thomas  Herbert  and  Robert  Askwith,  Al- 
dermen, to  the  Lord  President,  to  know  what  certainty  his  Lordship  had  of  it.  The  Lord  President 
answered  them, '  that  he  had  no  other  intelligence,  but  only  from  a  secret  friend  at  Court  whom  he 
believed.'  But,  whilst  they  were  thus  in  the  house  of  the  Lord  President,  a  Gentleman  of  his  own 
arrived  with  a  packet  of  letters  from  the  Nobility  and  Privy  Counsellors,  declaring  the  Queen's  death, 
and  the  Proclamation  of  the  King  by  them  and  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London.  Then  instantly  the 
Lord  Mayor  of  York  and  his  brethren  having  received  the  Proclamation  in  print,  proclaimed  the  King 
of  Scots  their  true  and  lawful  King ;  that  is  to  say,  James,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England, 
Scotland,  France,  and  Ireland,  Defender,  &c.  in  all  the  public  places  of  the  City  with  all  duty,  love, 
integrity,  and  joyful  acclamations."  Drake's  History  of  York,  p.  130. 

"The  news  of  these  events  did  not  reach  KINGSTON-UPON-HULL  till  Sunday  the  27th,  on  which  day, 
about  six  in  the  morning,  Lord  Clinton,  with  about  ten  Gentlemen  of  his  retinue,  were  the  first  who 
brought  the  important  intelligence  to  the  town.  As  soon  as  his  Lordship  landed  from  Barton,  he 
immediately  waited  on  the  Mayor,  and  requested  his  leave  to  proclaim  James  the  Sixth,  King  of  Scot- 
land, by  the  name  of  James  the  First,  King  of  England  ;  but  the  request  being  suddenly  made,  and 
made  too  without  any  official  warrant  from  the  Nobles  of  the  Realm,  as  his  Lordship  himself  acknow- 
ledged, or  of  any  of  her  late  Majesty's  Privy  Council,  the  Mayor  (Joseph  Field,  Esq.)  was  at  a  loss 
on  what  to  resolve.  However,  he  immediately  called  a  Council  consisting  of  the  Recorder  and  Alder- 
men, who  met  in  the  Council-house  in  the  Church  of  the  Holy  Trinity.  After  mature  deliberation 
and  a  long  debate,  they  informed  his  Lordship  that,  supposing  the  Queen  was  dead,  yet  having  no 


KING   JAMES    PROCLAIMED    AT   KINGSTON-UPON-HULL,  l60$.  12Q 

persons  whatsoever,  that,  in  this  just  and  lawful  act  of  ours,  we  are  resolved,  by 
the  favour  of  God's  holy  assistance,  and  in  the  zeal  of  our  conscience  (warranted 
by  certain  knowledge  of  his  undoubted  right,  as  has  been  said  before),  to  maintain 
and  uphold  his  Majesty's  person  and  estate,  as  our  only  undoubted  Sovereign 
Lord  and  King,  with  the  sacrifice  of  our  lives,  lands,  goods,  friends,  and  adhe- 
rents, against  all  the  force  and  practice  that  shall  go  about,  by  word  or  deed,  to 
interrupt,  contradict,  or  impugn  his  just  claims,  his  entry  into  this  kingdom  at  his 
good  pleasure,  or  disobey  such  royal  directions  as  shall  come  from  him,  to  all 
which  we  are  resolved  to  stand  to  the  last  drop  of  our  blood. 

"  Therefore  we  will  and  command,  in  the  name  of  our  Sovereign  Lord  James 
the  First,  King  of  all  the  aforesaid  kingdoms,  all  Lieutenants,  Deputy  Lieutenants, 
Sheriffs,  Justices,  Mayors,  Bailiffs,  Constables,  Headboroughs,  and  all  other  Offi- 
cers and  Ministers  whomsoever,  that  they  be  aiding  and  assisting  from  time  to 
time,  in  all  things  that  are  or  shall  be  necessary  for  the  preventing,  resisting,  and 
suppressing  of  such  disorderly  assemblies,  or  other  unlawful  acts  or  attempts, 
either  in  word  or  deed,  as  shall  be  against  the  public  peace  of  this  Realm  ;  or  any 
way  prejudicial  to  the  right,  honour,  state,  or  person  of  our  only  undoubted  and 
dread  Lord  and  Sovereign  that  now  is,  James  the  First,  King  of  the  aforesaid 

orders  from  above  relative  to  her  successor,  they  durst  not  grant  his  Lordship  the  liberty  to  pro- 
claim any  Prince  as  King  of  England,  unless  they  had  sufficient  authority  for  such  a  proceeding ;  at 
the  same  time  they  told  his  Lordship,  that  they  would  immediately  dispatch  an  express  to  the  Lord 
President  of  the  North,  at  York,  to  know  what  certainty  his  Lordship  had  of  the  Queen's  decease, 
and  what  further  it  would  be  proper  to  do  in  consequence  of  that  event.  Just  as  the  messenger 
reached  York,  a  Gentlemen  arrived  at  the  house  of  the  Lord  President,  with  a  packet  of  letters  from 
the  Nobility  and  Privy  Councillors,  declaring  the  Queen's  death,  and  the  Proclamation  of  the  King  of 
Scots  by  them  and  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London.  Accordingly  the  messenger  returned  the  same  even- 
ing with  the  following  letter  from  the  Lord  President :" 

"  York,  March  27,  1603.  After  my  very  hearty  commendations,  the  Queen's  Majesty  being  dead, 
I  have  this  day  caused  the  King  of  Scots  to  be  proclamed  King  of  England,  Scotland,  France,  and 
Ireland,  according  to  the  directions  sent  unto  me  from  the  Lords  of  this  realm  :  and  I  have  caused 
several  copies  of  the  Proclamation  to  be  sent,  as  well  to  your  town  of  Hull,  as  to  others  within 
this  county,  with  particular  instructions  what  course  to  take  therein,  and  hare  sent  the  same  to 
you  by  Mr.  Hildyard,  who  was  here  this  day  with  me,  and  have  joined  him  in  commission  with  you 
and  others  in  this  matter  j  and  you  shall  do  well,  as  you  have  great  cause  to  express  the  joy  and 
comfort  that  you  are  to  receive  herein,  by  making  of  bonfires,  and  such  like  other  demonstrations  of 
joy,  as  hath  been  already  done  in  London  upon  this  Proclamation.  I  give  you  thanks  for  your 
letters  by  this  bearer,  and  greatly  commend  your  good  discretion  therein ;  that  you  did  forbear  to 
enter  into  such  a  business  upon  any  great  private  man's  commandment ;  having  no  commission 
or  sufficient  authority  from  the  Lords  above,  or  from  the  President  or  Council  here.  I  require  you 


30  KING   JAMES    PROCLAIMED    AT   LEICESTER, 

kingdoms,  as  they  will  avoid  the  peril  of  his  Majesty's  heavy  indignation,  and 
their  own  utter  ruin  and  confusion;  beseeching  God  to  bless  his  Majesty  and  his 
Royal  posterity,  with  long  and  happy  years  to  reign  over  us.  GOD  SAVE  KING 
JAMES."  Signed  by  about  Thirty  Bishops,  Dukes,  Earls,  and  Lords. 

The  following  form  of  Proclamation  was  used  at  SOUTHAMPTON  : 

"Whereas,  upon  the  24th  day  of  this  present  moneth,  it  pleased  the  Almightie 
God  to  call  out  of  this  mortal  lyfe,  our  late  Sovereign  and  most  noble  Queen  Eli- 
zabeth, of  happie  memorie,  and  wee  doubt  not  to  everlasting  blessednesse  in  hea- 
ven ;  whereuppon  the  noble  persons  and  others  that  were  of  her  most  honourable 
Privie  Councell,and  that  were  at  her  departure  in  her  Court  at  Richmond,  eftsoones 
repaired  to  the  Citie  of  London,  and  there,  on  Thursday  last  past,  uppon  deli- 
berate consideration  howe  necessarye  it  was,  not  only  to  make  knowen  to  the 
world  the  death  of  the  said  most  Christian  and  Godly  Queen,  but  also  to  declare 
howe  James  the  nowe  King  of  Scotland,  beeyng  royally  and  in  the  right  line 
from  both  Houses  of  York  and  Lancaster,  descended  from  the  Ladie  Margarett, 
the  eldest  daughter  of  the  famous  King  Henry  the  Seventh,  and  Sister  to  the 
last  famous  and  noble  King  Henry  the  Eighth,  and  therfore  the  said  King  James 
of  Scotland,  beyng  by  the  law  of  God,  of  Nature,  and  of  this  Realme  of  England, 

as  Mayor,  and  the  rest  of  your  brethren,  to  continue  your  good  care  of  your  town  ;  and  to  see  that 
your  Port,  and  other  places  of  strength  be  securely  kept,  and  your  town  kept  in  good  quiet.  So 
I  leave  you  to  God's  good  and  safe  protection.  Your  loving  Friend,  THOMAS  BUKLEY." 

"  On  the  day  following  Christopher  Hildyard,  John  Hotham,  Launcelot  Alford,  Esqrs.  and  several 
others  who  were  joined  in  commission  with  the  Mayor,  Recorder,  and  Aldermen,  came  to  the  town ; 
and  a  little  before  noon  they  walked  in  procession  with  much  pomp,  accompanied  with  trumpets,  and 
various  other  instruments  of  music,  to  the  market-place,  and  there  proclaimed  James  the  King  of 
Scots  their  true  and  lawful  King,  with  all  duty,  love,  and  loyalty,  and  amidst  the  most  joyful  accla- 
mations of  all  the  spectators,  who  rent  the  air  with  their  loud  and  reiterated  shouts  of,  LONG  LIVB 
KING  JAMES  !  As  soon  as  the  Proclamation  was  ended,  the  King's  health  was  drank,  liquor  given  to 
the  populace,  and  the  whole  day  spent  in  ringing  of  bells,  bonfires,  and  such  other  demonstrations  of 
joy  as  are  usual  on  similar  occasions."  Tickell's  History  of  Kingston-upon-Hull. 

"  On  Saturday  March  26,  was  proclaimed,  in  open  market  at  LEICESTER,  by  the  Mayor  and  his  bre- 
thren, the  death  of  the  Queen's  Majesty  and  the  King  of  Scots  proclaimed.  —  Mem.  That  at 
the  request  of  Mr.  Mayor,  Henry  Hastings,  Esq.  son  and  heir  apparent  of  Sir  Edward  Hastings, 
Knt.  did  read  the  Proclamation  to  the  publisher  thereof,  both  in  the  open  market  at  Gainsborough 
Chamber,  at  the  High  Cross,  in  the  presence  of  Mr.  Mayor  and  divers  of  his  brethren,  and  many 
Gentlemen  of  the  county  of  Leicester.  —  Another  Proclamation,  sent  by  the  Lords,  from  London, 
was  published  on  Saturday,  April  2,  by  the  Mayor,  Lord  Hastings,  the  High  Sheriff,  &c.  and  was  read 
by  the  Lord  Hastings."  Nichols's  History  of  Leicestershire,  vol.  1.  p.  417. 


KING    JAMES   PROCLAIMED    AT   NORWICH,  SHREWSBURY,  BRISTOL,  &C.  1  603        31 

the  undoubted  lawfull  successor  and  inheritor  to  our  late  blessed  Soveraigne's  king- 
domes,  and  dominions,  the  said  noble  persons,  and  others  that  had  been  of  her 
Privie  Counsel!,  publiquely,  in  the  Cities  of  Westminster  and  London,  with  the 
assent,  assistance,  and  great  joy  of  diverse  noble  Peers,  Bishops,  and  multitudes 
of  the  Commonaltie  of  this  realme,  proclaimed  him,  the  said  James,  being  the 
Sixte  King  of  Scotland  of  that  name,  to  bee  the  first  James  and  laufull  King  and 
inheritor  of  the  realmes  of  England,  France,  and  Ireland,  as  he  hath  been  like- 
wayes  in  other  parts  of  this  realm  proclaimed.  Now  we,  the  Mayor,  Sheriffs, 
Bayliffs,  Burgesses,  and  Communaltie  of  this  towne  and  countie  of  Southamp- 
ton, as  our  duetie  and  allegiance  bindeth  us,  do  here  declare  and  proclame  the  said 
King  of  Scotland  to  be,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England,  France,  and 
Irelande;  whose  lyfe  and  raigne  over  us,  the  God  Almightie  Kinge  of  Heaven 
and  all  the  Earth,  graunt  may  be  long,  and  most  prosperouss  to  the  univcrsall 
Church  of  God,  and  particularly  to  his  realmes  and  dominions. 

"  And  so  GOD  SAVE  KING  JAMES,  GOD  SAVE  KING  JAMES.     Amen,  Amen." 

"James  the  First  being  proclaimed  King  of  England  at  London,  on  the  24th  March  1602,  at 
which  time  the  plague  raged  exceedingly  there,  so  that  30,578  died  of  it,  as  well  as  at  Norwich, 
where  there  died  3,076,  ordered  that  there  should  be  as  little  concourse  of  people  as  possible  on  such 
occasions,  lest  they  should  spread  the  infection,  which  same  wise  course  was  taken  by  the  Magistrates 
of  NORWICH,  though  Alderman  Gibson  resisted  it,  and  behaved  so  as  he  was  disfranchised  for  it,  but 
afterwards  on  submission  was  restored. — Soon  after  James  was  seated  on  his  Throne,  he  granted  a 
general  pardon  to  the  Mayor,  Sheriffs,  and  Commons  of  Norwich,  for  all  offences  whatever  past  to 
the  20th  of  March  in  the  40th  year  of  Queen  Elizabeth."  Blomefield's  Norfolk,  p.  360. 

"  March  27  in  the  afternoon,  King  James  was  proclaimed  at  SHREWSBURY  by  the  Bailiffs  (Edward 
Owen  and  John  Hunt,  Esqrs.)  and  Aldermen  in  their  gowns,  together  with  the  Worshipful  the  rest  of 
the  Commoners,  with  trumpets  and  drums,  the  people  huzzaing  and  crying,  God  Save  the  King." 

Phillhjs's  History  of  Shrewsbury,  p  211. 

"  The  King  was  proclaimed  at  the  High  Cross  in  BRISTOL  on  the  28th.  The  ceremony  was 
attended  by  the  Mayor  and  Aldermen  in  their  scarlet  gowns,  and  all  the  City  Companies  under  their 
proper  ensigns.  The  two  Sheriffs  in  their  scarlet  gowns  stood  in  the  High  Cross,  with  his  Majesty's 
picture  placed  over  their  heads  in  the  sight  of  the  populace.  After  the  Proclamation,  the  Mayor, 
Aldermen,  and  Burgesses  went  to  St.  Nicholas'  Church  to  hear  a  Sermon."  Corry's  Bristol,  p.  264. 

At  KINGSTON-U  PON-THAMES,  a  Trumpeter  was  paid  five  shillings  "  fur  sounding  the  Proclamation:" 

"  Queen  Elizabeth  being  dead  (whom  the  University  [of  Oxford]  suddenly  after  voted  to  be  inserted  in 
their  ALBUM  of  BENEFACTORS)  King  James,  King  of  the  Scots,  came  to  the  Crown. — A  book  of  verses 
was  also  composed  and  published,  under  this  title,  "  Oxoniensis  Academiae  Funebre  Officium  in  Me- 
raoriam  Honoratissimam  Sei-enissitnae  Elizabeth®,  nuper  Angliae,  Francia,  et  Hibernian,  Reginae.  Ox- 
oniee,  Excudebat  Josephus  Barnesius,  Alma:  Academic  Typographus,  16O3,"  4to.  Wood's  Annals. 


32  LETTER   FROM    THE   MAYOR    OF   BERWICK   TO   THE   KING, 

"  The  true  copie  of  a  Lre  sent  to  the  Kinge's  Matie  ffrom  Mr  Maior  and  the 
Towne,  on  Satterdaie  the  26  day  of  March  1603.  (Oathe  Book,  Berwick.) 
"  Mostgratious  and  our  sole  redoubted  Sou'eigne,  fforasmuch  as  it  hathe  pleased 
the  Heavenlie  Disposer  of  earthelie  kingdoms  to  take  to  His  m'cye  our  late  most 
gracious  Sou'eigne  Ladie,  Quene  Elizabeth,  and  in  exchange  of  a  transitorie 
Crowne,  to  bestow  vpon  her  an  immortall  dyademe:  And  whereas  it  hath  pleased 
the  Lord  to  setle  the  harte  of  the  true  harted  Nobility  and  Comonall  State  of  this, 
now  yor  Highnes'  Realme  of  England,  by  a  mutuall  vnanimity  and  ffre  consente, 
to  publish  and  pclayme  yor  most  sacred  Matie  the  indubitate  heir  and  lawfull  Suc- 
cessor of  the  monarchall  Crowne  of  the  said  Realme  of  England :  We,  yor 
Matie's  most  humble  and  harty  affectionate  subiectes,  the  Maior,  Aldermen,  and 
Conioners  of  this  yor  Hignes'  Towne  of  Barwick-upon-Twede,  ymmediatelie 
vppon  true  notice  had  of  her  Highnes  decesse,  aswell  in  loyall  zeall  to  yor  Matie 
as  in  full  approbacon  of  the  said  State  and  Counsell's  prudent  publicacon,  thought 
it  our  humble  dutyes,  and  in  like  sorte  did  w411  psent  expedicon  publish,  (and  wth 
what  solempnity  the  brevytie  in  tyme  wold  afford)  pclayme  yor  sacred  Matie 
Kinge  of  England,  Scotland,  Ffraunce,  and  Irelande,  Defendor  of  the  Ffaith,  wth 
all  other  her  Ma*'8  late  vsuall  tytles  and  dignities.  In  pforming  of  wch  duty,  we 

doe  in  all  humilitie led  nothing  by  vs  done  therein,  but  what  the  Lord's 

puydence,  her  Matie's  late  pleasure,  &  the  right  of  succession  by  lyneall  descent, 
lawfully  dyvolved  vppon  yor  Matie,  did  necessarilie  enioyne  vs ;  and  that  wth  a 
gen'all  and  plausible  harty  congratulacon.  May  it,  therefore,  please  yor  most 
excellent  Matie  to  pdon  such  defects  as  by  ignorance,  omission,  or  otherwise  by 
the  straightnes  of  tyme  haue  happened  in  the  pformance  heirof,  and  gratiously  to 
enrolle  us  in  the  rank  of  yor  Grace's  loyall  &  sound  harted  subjects,  offeringe,  and 
that  ffreelye,  not  only  oure  poore  estate  to  be  ymployed  at  yor  Matie's  appoynt- 
ment,  but  even  thinking  our  selues  in  nothing  more  fortunate  than  to  seal  upp 
this  our  vnfeigned  ptestacon  of  love  and  obedience,  wth  the  effusion  of  the  last 
dropp  of  or  dearest  blood  in  any  yor  Highnes'  occasions.  And  thus,  prostrate  in 
harte  at  the  altar  of  yor  Matie's  clemency  and  princely  disposicon,  wee  tender  on 
our  knees  the  humble  homage  of  or  love,  loyalty,  and  harty  affection,  wishing  yor 
Royall  Matie  long,  peaceably,  and  prosperously  to  reigne  ouer  vs,  and  or  selues  to 
Hue  &  dye  yor  Matie>s  loyall,  humble,  and  obedient  poore  subiects,  the  Maior, 
Aldermen,  and  Comons  of  yor  Highnes'  Towne  of  Berwick-vpon-Twede. 
"  To  or  Sov'aigne  Lord,  the  King's  most  excellent  Matie." 


LETTER    FROM   KING   JAMES   TO   THE    BURGESSES   OF    BERWICK,  1603.  33 

"  The  true  copie  of  the  Kings  Ma"*'8  Ires  sent  to  the  Maior  &  Burgesses  of 
Barwick.  (Oathe  Book,  Berwick.) 

"  Trustie  Ffrendes,  we  greate  you  hartely  well.  We  render  yow  thanks  for  yor  so 
dutifull  affection  vtterit  in  assistinge  and  concurringe  so  willinglie  w"1  yor  gou'nor, 
in  the  puttinge  of  the  Towne  of  Berwick  in  or  handes,  whilk  we  haue  appointed  to 
be  gouernit  in  the  same  forme  and  manner  as  heretofayre,  whill  we  aduyse  other- 
wyse  to  dispose  vpon  the  same,  assuringe  you  alwaies  to  ffynd  vs  a  gratious  and 
lovinge  Prince  quha  salbe  carefull  to  maynteyne  yor  wonted  liberties  and  privi- 
leges, and  to  see  that  the  same  be  no  wayes  brangillit,  nor  otherwayes  preiudgit. 
Sua  we  corny tt  you  to  God.  Ffrom  Hollyrud  House,  this  xxvijlh  of  M'che  1603. 
'"  This  Letter  was  sealled  wth  his  Mat<s  sig-  ^^  j 

nett,  and  directed 

"  To  or  trustie  ffrends  the  Maior  and  Alder- 
men of  our  Towne  of  Barwick  '." 


In  the  conclusion  of  the  ELIZABETHAN  Progresses,  Sir  Robert  Carey  was  left 
resting  for  a  very  short  period  at  his  mansion  in  Widdrington8,  where  he  had 
arrived,  after  a  journey  of  extraordinary  speed,  in  the  night  of  Friday,  March  2j. 
That  adroit  Courtier  shall  report  his  ulterior  proceedings  : 

1  These  Letters  were  communicated,  from  the  Oath  Book  of  Berwick,  by  the  Rev.  James  Raine. 

•  Widdrington  Castle,  the  seat  of  the  anticnt  family  of  the  Widdringtons  from  the  reign  of  Edw.  I. 
is  thus  noticed  by  Leland :  "  Witherington  Castle,  longinge  to  Wytherington,  standethe  within  halfe 
a  niyle  of  the  shore,  somewhat  as  touching  against  Coket  isleland.  By  it  runnitli  a  litle  broke  on  the 
North  syde,  and  there  U  a  litle  village  of  the  same  name.  The  broke  renneth  into  the  se  by  itselfe." 
Dr.  Wallis,  in  his  Antiquities  of  Northumberland,  vol.  II.  p.  342,  describes  this  Castle  as  situated  about 
a  mile  and  a  half  from  the  sea,  on  a  pleasant  shady  eminence,  commanding  to  the  North-east  a  dis- 
tant view  of  Coquet  Island  j  he  also  inform  us  that  Sir  John  de  Widdrington  was  High  Sheriff  of 
Northumberland ,32  K.  Henry  VIII.  6  K.  Edw.  VI.  and  1  Eliz. ;  married  Elizabeth,  the  daughter  of 
Sir  Hugh  Trevannion,  who  survived  him,  and  married  Sir  Robert  Carey,  Lord  Warden  of  the  Middle 
Marches,  afterwards  created  Earl  of  Monmouth,  by  whom  she  had  two  sons  and  one  daughter.  Her 
eldest  son  was  made  Knight  of  the  Bath  at  the  creation  of  Charles  Prince  of  Wales,  and  mar- 
ried the  daughter  of  Lionel  Cranfield,  afterwards  Earl  of  Middlesex,  and  Treasurer  of  England.  Her 
daughter  married  the  eccentric  Duke  of  U'harton,  as  Lord  Orrery  calls  him.  The  Lord  Warden  and 
his  Lady  lived  at  Widdrington,  which  was  her  jointure,  and  at  her  death  came  to  Sir  Henry  Widdring- 
ton, who  was  a  Deputy  Warden  of  the  Middle  Marches  under  his  Lordship.  His  other  Deputy  wa» 
Sir  William  Fenwick.  To  one  he  assigned  the  government  of  Reedsdale,  and  the  other  that  of  Lids- 
dale,  with  each  six  horsemen  to  attend  them,  out  of  his  own  appointment,  which  was  forty;  the  Bor- 
ders were  remarkably  peaceable  under  their  government,  after  a  few  examples  having  been  made  of 
the  boldest  thieves. — Of  Widdrington,  more  will  be  said  hereafter. 

VOL.  I.  F 


£1  SIR    ROBERT   CAREY*  S   INTERVIEW   WITH   THE    KING, 

"Very  early  on  Saturday  I  took  horse  for  Edenborough,andcameto  Norham  about 
twelve  at  noone,  so  that  1  might  well  have  been  with  the  King  at  supper  time:  but 
gott  a  great  fall  by  the  way,  and  my  horse  with  one  of  his  heels  gave  mee  a  great 
blow  on  the  head  that  made  mee  shed  much  blood.  It  made  me  so  weake  that  I 
was  forced  to  ride  a  soft  pace  after,  so  that  the  King  was  newly  gone  to  bed  by  the 
time  that  I  knocked  at  the  Gate.  I  was  quickly  let  in,  and  carried  up  to  the  King's 
Chamber.  I  kneeled  by  him,  and  saluted  him  by  his  title  of  England,  Scotland, 
France,  and  Ireland.  Hee  gave  mee  his  hand  to  kisse,  and  bade  me  welcome  '. 

"  After  he  had  long  discoursed  of  the  manner  of  the  Queen's  sicknesse  and 
of  her  death2,  he  asked  what  Letters  I  had  from  the  Councill3  ?  I  told  him  none : 
and  acquainted  him  how  narrowly  I  escaped  from  them.  And  yet  I  had  brought 
him  a  blue  Ring  4  from  a  faire  Lady,  that  I  hoped  would  give  him  assurance  of  the 

1  This  interview  is  mentioned  by  Osborne,  in  his  Traditional  Memorials  of  King  James  I. 

'  Sir  Robert  Carey  was  a  literary  man,  and  his  "  Memoirs,"  written  by  himself,  will  supply  some 
interesting  extracts  relative  to  the  new  Monarch  and  his  Court.  His  curious  account  of  the  Queen's 
death  was  first  published  by  Dr.  Birch  in  his  "  Historical  View,"  J749,  Svo,  being  communicated 
.by  Lord  Corke  before  he  published  the  "  Memoirs"  entire.  Mr.  Gray,  in  a  letter  to  Dr.  Warton, 
April  25,  1749,  says,  "Mr.  Birch  the  indefatigable,  has  just  put  out  a  thick  octavo  of  original 
papers  of  (Queen's  Elizabeth's  time.  There  are  many  curious  things  in  it,  particularly  letters  to 
Sir  Robert  Cecil  (Salisbury)  about  his  negotiations  with  Henry  IV.  of  France,  the  Earl  of  Mon- 
raouth's  odd  account  of  Queen  Elizabeth's  death,  several  peculiarities  of  James  I.  and  Prince  Henry, 
&c.  and,  above  all,  an  excellent  account  of  the  state  of  France,  with  characters  of  the  King,  his 
Court,  and  Ministry,  by  Sir  George  Carew,  Ambassador  there."  Gray's  Works,  by  Mason,  p.  205. 

3  Sir  Anthony  VVeldon  informs  us,  that  when  James  the  First  sent  Sir  Roger  Aston  as  his  messenger 
to  Elizabeth,  Sir  Roger  was  always  placed  in  the  lobby ;  the  hangings  being  turned  so  that  he  might 
see  the  Queen  dancing  to  a  little  fiddle,  which  was  to  no  other  end  than  that  he  should  tell  his  master, 
by  her  youthful  disposition,  how  likely  he  was  to  come  to  the  crown  he  so  much  thirsted  after;  and 
indeed,  when  at  her  death  this  same  Knight,  whose  origin  was  low,  and  language  suitable  to  that 
origin,  appeared  before  the  English  Council,  he  could  not  conceal  his  Scottish  rapture,  for,  being  asked 
how  the  King  did  ?  he  replied,  "  even,  my  Lords,  like  a  poore  man  wandering  about  forty  years  in  a 
wildernesse  and  barren  soyle,  and  now  arrived  at  the  Land  of  Promise." 

4  The  account  of  the  blue  ring  which  Lady  Elizabeth  Spelman  gave  to  Lord  Corke,  was  this  :  King 
James  kept  a  constant  and  private  correspondence  with  several  persons  of  the  English  Court  during 
•many  years  before  Queen  Elizabeth  died.    Among  them  was  Lady  Scroope,  sister  to  Sir  Robert 
Carey;  to  whom  his  Majesty  sent,  by  Sir  James  Fullerton,  a  sapphire  ring,  with  positive  orders  to 
return  it  to  him  by  a  special  messenger  as  soon  as  the  Queen  was  actually  expired.     Lady  Scroope 
had  no  opportunity  of  delivering  it  to  her  brother,  Sir  Robert,  whilst  he  was  in  the  Palace  of  Rich- 
mond ;  but  waiting  at  the  window  till  she  saw  him  at  the  outside  of  the  gate,  she  threw  it  out  to 
him;  and  he  well  knew  to  what  purpose  he  received  it."     Brydges's  Peers  of  King  James,  p.  413. 


sia  ROBERT  CAREY'S  INTERVIEW  WITH  THE  KING,  1603.  35 

truth  that  I  had  reported.  Hee  tooke  it,  and  looked  upon  it,  and  said,  '  It  is 
enough :  I  know  by  this  you  are  a  true  messenger.'  Then  he  committed  me 
to  the  charge  of  my  Lord  Hume1,  and  gave  straight  command  that  I  should  want 
nothing.  Hee  sent  for  his  chirurgions  to  attend  mee,  and  when  I  kissed  his 
hand  at  my  departure,  he  said  to  me  these  gracious  words :  '  I  know  you  have 
lost  a  neere  kinsewoman,  and  a  loving  rnistresse;  but  take  here  my  hand,  I  will 
be  as  good  a  master  to  you,  and  will  requite  this  service  with  honour  and  rewerd.' 

The  following  curious  story  of  the  Countess  of  Nottingham  was  frequently  told  by  Lady  Elizabeth 
Spclman,  groat-grand-daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Carey,  brother  of  Lady  Nottingham,  and  afterwards 
Karl  of  MonmotUl),  whose  curious  Memoirs  of  himself  were  published  a  few  years  ago  by  Lord 
Corke :  "  When  Catharine  Countess  of  Nottingham  was  dying  (as  she  did,  according  to  his  Lordship's 
own  account,  about  a  fortnight  before  Queen  Elizabeth)  she  sent  to  her  Majesty  to  desire  that  she 
might  see  her,  in  order  to  reveal  something  to  her  Majesty,  without  the  discovery  of  which  she  could 
not  die  in  peace.  Upon  the  Queen's  coming,  Lady  Nottingham  told  her,  that,  while  the  Earl  of 
Essex  lay  under  sentence  of  death,  he  was  desirous  of  asking  her  Majesty's  mercy  in  the  manner  pre- 
scribed by  herself:  during  the  height  of  his  favour,  the  Queen  having  given  him  a  ring,  which  being 
sent  to  her  as  a  token  of  his  distress,  might  entitle  him  to  her  protection.  But  the  Earl,  jealous  of 
those  about  him,  and  not  caring  to  trust  any  of  them  with  it,  as  he  was  looking  out  of  his  window 
one  morning,  saw  a  boy,  with  whose  appearance  he  was  pleased  ;  and,  engaging  him  by  money  and 
promises,  directed  him  to  carry  the  ring  (which  he  took  from  his  finger  and  threw  down)  to  Lady 
Scrope,  a  sister  of  the  Earl  of  Nottingham,  and  a  friend  of  his  Lordship's,  who  attended  upon  the 
Queen ;  and  to  beg  of  her  that  she  would  present  it  to  her  Majesty.  The  boy,  by  mistake,  carried  it 
to  Lady  Nottingham,  who  shewed  it  to  her  husband  the  Admiral,  an  enemy  of  Lord  Essex,  in  order 
to  take  his  advice.  The  Admiral  forbad  her  to  carry  it,  or  return  any  answer  to  the  message  ;  but 
insisted  upon  her  keeping  the  ring.  The  Countess  of  Nottingham  having  made  this  discovery, 
begged  the  Queen's  forgiveness  ;  but  her  Majesty  answered,  "  God  may  forgive  you,  but  I  never  can," 
and  left  the  room  with  great  emotion.  Her  mind  was  so  struck  with  this  story,  that  bhe  never  went 
into  bed,  nor  took  any  sustenance  from  that  instant ;  for  Camden  is  of  opinion,  that  her  chief  reason 
for  suffering  the  Earl  to  be  executed,  was  his  supposed  obstinacy  in  not  applying  to  her  for  mercy. 

The  Ring  delivered  by  Queen  Elizabeth  to  the  Earl  of  Essex,  and  on  which  his  life  depended,  is 
fully  described  in  the  "  Progresses"  of  the  Queen,  vol.  III.  p.  550. — Various  have  been  the  claimants 
of  this  curious  relick:  and,  among  others,  it  was  supposed  to  be  inherited  by  Ferdinando  Warner, 
Esq.  of  the  Island  of  Antigua,  who  died  in  Hatton  Garden  in  August  1801. 

1  Alexander  Home,  sixth  Lord  Home,  was  served  heir  to  his  father  Nov.  1",  1580,  in  the  offices  of 
Sheriff  of  lienvick  and  Bailie  of  Laudurdale.  He  stood  high  in  the  favour  of  King  James  VI. ;  and 
«;is  very  instrumental  in  suppressing  the  insurrection  of  Bothwell  in  1592,  for  which  he  had  a  grant 
of  the  dissolved  Priory  of  Coldingham.  Being  a  Roman  Catholic,  -he  made  his  repentance  in  the 
New  Kirk,  before  the  Assembly,  on  his  knees,  May  17,  1594  ;  and  in  1599  he  was  sent  on  a  sen,  i 
Embassy  to  Rome,  to  gain  the  favour  of  the  Roman  Catholic  Princes,  as  a  necessary  precaution 
towards  facilitating  King  James's  accession  to  the  English  throne.  In  1GO*2,  he  was  employed  on  a 
complimentary  Visit  to  Queen  Elizabeth  ;  Mr.  Chamberlain  says,  October  2,  "  The  Lord  Hume  came 


36  SIR    ROBERT   CAREY'S    INTERVIEW    WITH    THE    KING,   160$. 

So   I   left   him    that  night,    and   went    with    my  Lord  Hume  to  my  lodging, 
where  I  had  all  things  fitting  for  so  weary  a  man  as  I  was.     After  my  head  was 
drest,  I  tooke  leave  of  my  Lord  and  many  others  that  attended  mee,  and  went  to 
my  rest.     The  next  morning  by  ten  a'clock  my  Lord  Hume  was  sent  to  me  from 
the  King,  to  know  how  I  had  rested;  and  withall  said,  that  his  Majestic  commanded 
him  to  know  of  mee,  what  it  was  that  I  desired  most,  that  he  should  do  for  mee; 
bade  me  aske,  and  it  should  be  granted.     I  desired  my  Lord  to  say  to  his  Ma- 
jestie  from  mee,  that  I  had  no  reason  to  importune  him  for  my  suite,  for  that  I  had 
not  as  yet  done  him  any  service  :  but  my  humble  request  to  his  Majesty  was,  to 
admitt  mee  a  Gentleman  of  his  Bed-chamber,  and  hereafter,  I  knew,  if  his  Ma- 
jesty saw  mee  worthy,  I  should  not  want  to  taste  of  his  bounty.     My  Lord  re- 
turned this  answer,  that  hee  sent  me  word  back,  '  with  all  his  heart,  I  should  have 
my  request.'     And  the  next  time  I  came  to  Court  (which  was  some  four  dayes 
after)  at  night,  I  was  called  into  his  Bed-chamber,  and  there  by  my  Lord  of 
Richmond1,  in  his  presence,  I  was  sworn  one  of  the  Gentlemen  of  his  Bed-cham- 
ber, and  presently  I  helped  to  take  off  his  clothes,  and  stayed  'till  he  was  in  bed. 
After  this  there  came  daily  Gentlemen  and  Noblemen  from  our  Court,  and  the 
King  sett  downe  a  fixed  day  for  his  departure  towards  London," 

this  way  home,  and  had  audience  at  Court  on  Sunday.  The  Queen  was  very  pleasant  with  him  and  well 
disposed ;"  and  Lord  Corke  observes,  that  "  he  was  a  character  in  history  of  great  integrity,  conduct,  and 
resolution."  He  was  sworn  a  Privy  Counsellor  to  King  James  VI.  whom  in  April  1603  he  entertained 
at  Dunglass,  and,  accompanying  the  King  to  England,  was  there  naturalized.  He  was  created  Earl 
of  Home  and  Lord  Dunglass,  to  him  and  his  heirs  male  whatever,  March  4,  1G04-5 ;  had  charters  of 
the  benefices  of  Coldingham  and  Jedburgh,  united  into  the  temporal  Lordship  of  Coldingham,  May 
20,  1610;  and  of  East  Gordon  and  Fogo,  Feb.  7,  1612.'  He  died  April  5,  1619.  Wood's  Douglas, 
vol.  I.  p.  736. — To  this  Nobleman  (and  not  to  George  Hume  Earl  of  Dunbar)  the  short  note  in 
"  Queen  Elizabeth's  Progresses,"  vol.  III.  p.  600,  should  have  referred. 

1  Lodowick  Stuart,  Dnke  of  Lenox  (son  of  Esme,  Duke  of  Lenox,  and  grandson  of  John  Lord 
D'Aubigny,  younger  brother  of  Matthew  Earl  of  Lenox,  who  was  grandfather  to  King  James) 
was  much  and  deservedly  esteemed  by  his  Royal  Master,  whom  he  represented  as  High  Commissioner 
to  the  Parliament  of  Scotland  in  1607.  Oct.  6,  1613,  he  was  created  Baron  of  Settrington  and  Earl 
of  Richmond,  in  Yorkshire;  and,  May  17,  1623,  was  further  advanced  to  the  dignity  of  Earl  of 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne  and  Duke  of  Richmond.  He  was  Master  of  the  Household,  First  Gentleman 
of  the  King's  Bed-chamber,  and  a  Knight  of  the  Garter.  He  was  thrice  married ;  first  to  a  sister  of 
the  Earl  of  Cowrie,  in  Scotland ;  secondly,  to  the  sister  of  Sir  Hugh  Campbell ;  and,  thirdly,  to 
Frances,  daughter  of  Thomas  Howard,  Viscount  Bindon,  and  widow  of  Edward  Earl  of  Hertford, 
but  died  the  llth  of  February  1623-4  as  he  was  proposing  to  go  to  the  Parliament  then  sitting. 


MESSENGERS  FROM  THE  LORDS  OF  THE  COUNCIL,  1603.          37 

"I  should  have  told  you  before,"  remarks  the  English  Chronicler,  "that  at  the  first, 
Sir  Robert  Carey,  unknowne  to  the  Lords,  ryd  post  unto  his  Majestic  with  won- 
drous expedition,  and  by  the  way  sent  certaine  knowledge  of  all  things  to  Barwicke, 
unto  his  brother  Sir  John  Carey ',  who  presently  proclaimed  the  King's  right. 
His  Majestic,  upon  receipt  of  the  letters  delivered  him  by  Sir  Charles  Percie  and 
Maister  Thomas  Somerset8  from  the  Princes,  Peers,  and  Estate  of  England, 
wherein  was  expressed  the  death  of  the  Queene,  their  griefes  for  so  great  a  losse, 
the  sole  right  and  tender  of  the  imperiall  Crowne  and  dignitie  unto  his  High- 
nesse,  by  them  in  the  behalfe  of  the  whole  nation  already  acknowledged,  and  in 
all  places  proclaimed,  and  of  all  sorts  most  joyfully  received,  most  humbly  be- 
seeching him  to  accept  the  same  as  a  pledge  of  their  true  allegiance,  religious  love 
and  dutie,  which  his   Majestie  has  gratiously  accepted,  highly  commending  and 
approving  their  singular  wisedomes  and  provident  prevention  of  that  which  all 
the  world  feared,  namely,  dissention  and  factions,  promising  to  acknowledge  and 
requite  their  several  loves  and  kindnesse,  as  time  and  occasion  should  permit,  and 
to  that  effect  his  Majestie  returned  present  answere  unto  the  Princes,  Peeres,  and 
Privie  Counsellors  of  Estate,  assuring  them  continuance  of  all  such  rights  and 
honors  as  they  then  enjoyed,  requiring  and  authorizing  all  the  Lords  and  others 
being  Privy  Counsellors  of  estate  unto  his  late  Sister  Elizabeth  of  famous  me- 
morie,   in  God's  name  and  his  right  to  continue  and  enjoy  their  former  power, 
strength,   and   authoritie,   giving  them  and  all  the  rest   of  the   Nobilitie   due 
acknowledgement  and  kingly  thankes  for  their  singular  and  admired  wisedoraes, 
so  excellently  well  governing  and  disposing  of  the  highest  and  most  mightie 
affaires  concerning  his  Imperiall  Crowne  and  Kingdome,  promising  ever  to  keepe 
in  memory  their  extraordinary  manifestations  of  their  true  allegiance,  love,  and 
dutie,  signifying  his  further  pleasure  was  to  adde  unto  their  most  honorable  num- 

1  Second  son  of  Henry  Carey,  the  first  Lord  Hunsdon,  who  succeeded  to  that  title  in  16'03  on  the 
death  of  his  brother  George  the  second  Lord,  and  died  in  1617.  His  son  Henry,  fourth  Lord  Huns- 
don,  was  created  Viscount  Kochfort  1651,  and  Earl  of  Dover  1627.  His  son  John,  second  Earl  of 
Dover,  and  fifth  Lord  Hunsdon,  dying  1677,  without  issue  male,  the  Earldom  and  Viscounty  became 
extinct.  Sir  Robert  Carey  became  sixth  Lord  Hunsdon,  as  next  heir  male :  the  title  became  extinct  in 
1765  on  the  death  of  William  Ferdinand,  eighth  Lord,  a.  p. 

•  Camden,  says,  that  "  Charles  Percy  and  Thomas  Somerset  were  dispatched,  on  the  S5th,  by 
the  Lords  of  the  Council,  with  a  letter  to  the  King,  signifying  the  Queen's  death,  and  kindly  desiring 
him,  that  he  would  be  pleased  to  repair  into  England  with  all  speed.  And  on  the  29th  George 
Carew  and  Thomas  Lake  were  sent  to  inform  the  King  in  what  posture  affairs  stood." 


3S  LORDS   ADDED   BY   KING   JAMES   TO   THE   PRIVY   COUNCIL,  1603. 

ber  the  Earles  of  Northumberland '  and  Cumberland 2,  the  Lord  Thomas 
Howard3,  and  the  Lord  Mountjoy4,  notwithstanding  his  then  being  in  Ireland. 
And  forthwith  to  enlardge  the  Earle  of  Southampton,  whom  personally 
and  speedily,  he  required  to  meet  him  in  his  journey  for  England,  and  from 
this  time  forward  unto  the  comming  of  his  Majestie  in  person,  the  estate 

1  Henry  Percy,  ninth  Earl  of  Northumberland,  was  one  of  the  Lords  assembled  in  Council,  who 
signed,  at  the  Palace  of  Whitehall,  on  March  28,  1603,  the  letter  to  the  Lord  Eure,  and  other  Com- 
missioners for  the  treaty  at  Breame,  directed  them  how  to  proceed,  and  signifying  to  them,  '  That 
the  Queen  departed  this  life  on  the  24th,  and  that  King  James  of  Scotland  was  become  King  of 
England,  and  received  with  universal  acclamations  and  consent  of  all  persons  of  whatsoever  degree 
and  quality.'  (See  hereafter,  p.  42.)  When  the  King  at  Edinburgh,  in  answer  to  the  letter  of  the 
Counsel  signifying  the  death  of  the  Queen,  brought  by  his  Lordship's  brother  Sir  Charles  Percy, 
authorised  the  continuance  in  office  of  all  the  Lords,  and  other  Counsellors  to  the  late  Queen  ; 
he  signified,  at  the  same  time,  his  further  pleasure,  that  the  Earl  of  Northumberland  should  be 
added  to  their  number.  The  Earl  was  present  in  Council  on  the  3d  of  May  at  Broxbourne,  on 
the  King's  delivery  of  the  great  seal  to  Sir  Thomas  Egerton,  and  attended  the  King  to  the  Tower 
of  London. 

1  Of  this  gallant  Peer,  who  in  the  preceding  Reign  was  honoured  with  the  title  of  "  The  Queen's 
Champion,"  see  the  "  Progresses"  of  that  illustrious  Queen,  vol.  III.  p.  6'65.  And  we  shall  meet 
with  him  again,  as  one  of  the  Entertainers  of  the  new  Monarch  on  his  first  arrival  in  England. 

'  Eldest  son  of  Thomas  fourth  Duke  of  Norfolk,  by  his  second  marriage  with  Margaret,  daugh- 
ter and  sole  heir  of  Thomas  Audley,  Lord  Audley  of  Walden  in  Essex.  He  was  Commander  of  a 
small  squadron,  bound  for  the  Azores,  to  intercept  the  Spanish  Plate  fleet,  which  he  accordingly  met 
with  there,  and  engaged  with  an  almost  romantic  bravery  ;  nor  was  the  valour  of  his  Vice-admiral, 
Sir  Richard  Grenville,  (called  here  Grenfylde)  who  died  of  his  wounds  soon  after  the  action,  less 
remarkable.  This  Nobleman,  whose  great  genius  fitted  him  for  all  employments,  was  summoned 
to  Parliament,  39  Elizabeth,  as  Lord  Howard  of  Walden  ;  immediately  on  the  accession  of  King 
James,  was  sworn  of  the  Privy  Council,  and  on  July  2,  was  advanced  to  the  Earldom  of  Suffolk. 
He  was  Lord  Chamberlain  at  the  time  of  the  Gunpowder  Plot  in  1605;  and  under  that  year  we 
shall  again  meet  with  him  in  a  future  page. 

4  Charles  Blount,  who  on  the  death  of  his  brother  William  in  1594,  became  the  eighth  Lord  Mont- 
joy  of  Thunveston,  was  a  Nobleman  of  great  eminence  ;  and,  whilst  a  Commoner,  had  followed  the 
profession  of  arms  with  a  considerable  degree  of  credit,  and  had  a  command  in  the  Fleet  which 
destroyed  the  Spanish  Armada.  In  1600  he  was  constituted  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland  j  and 
repulsed  the  Spaniards  with  great  honour  at  Kinsale.  The  same  important  office  was  conferred  on 
him  by  King  James  in  1603  ;  who,  in  the  same  year,  July  21,  created  him  Earl  of  Devonshire;  and 
he  was  also  made  a  Knight  of  the  Garter.  Camden  styles  him,  "  a  person  famous  for  conduct,  and 
so  eminent  in  courage  and  learning,  that,  in  these  respects  he  had  no  superior,  and  but  few  equals." 
And  his  Secretary  Moryson  (from  whose  "  Itinerary"  several  letters  from  Queen  Elizabeth  to  Lord  Mont- 
joy,  are  preserved  in  her  "  Progresses,"  vol.  III.  pp.  569,  575,  579,  596  )  writes  (hat  he  was  beautiful 


THE    ABBOT   OF   HOLLIROOP's    RECEPTION   AT   BERWICK,  ltf03.  39 

was  wholly  and  onely  ruled  and  swayed  by  the  Lords  and  others  of  the  Privie 
Counsel  1  '. 

"  Monday  the  28th  of  March,  his  Majestie  sent  the  Lord  Abbot9  of  Hollirood 
House  to  take  possession  of  Berwkke  to  the  King's  use ;  who  being  really 
possest  of  the  keyes  and  stafe,  which,  after  the  othe  of  alleageaunce  by  him  given 
unto  the  Maior  and  Governor,  he  cheirfully,  in  the  King's  name,  re-delivered  back 
the  keys  and  stafe;  manifesting  his  Majestie's  good  pleasure  was,  they  should  en- 
joy all  their  auncient  priviledges,  charters,  and  liberties,  and  not  only  they,  but 
also  all  other  his  loving  and  well  affected  subjects,  shewing  and  continuing  the 
like  obedience. — The  Abbot  being  returned  ;  and  having  made  trew  report  not 
oncly  with  what  triumph,  love,  and  kindnes  he  had  bin  entertained  and  entreated, 
but  also  with  what  hearty  and  generall  applause  the  name  of  King  James  was 
received,  his  Majestie  was  fully  satisfied,  touching  his  peaceable  enterance  into 
England,  and  true  obedience  of  all  his  English  subjects. 

in  his  person,  as  well  as  valiant ;  and  learned,  as  well  as  wise. — But  the  enjoyment  of  his  last  honours 
was  only  for  about  three  years.  It  is  said  he  had  engaged  in  a  mutual  affection,  and  even  promise  of 
marriage,  with  the  Earl  of  Essex's  Sister,  Penelope,  before  she  was  married  to  Lord  Rich,  whom  she 
afterwards  abandoned,  and  had  several  children  by  the  Earl  of  Devonshire,  who,  finding  her  on  his 
return  from  Ireland,  divorced  from  her  husband,  married  her  at  Wormste.-ul,  Dec.  26,  16O5  ;  tlic 
ceremony  being  performed  by  his  Chaplain,  William  Laud,  afterwards  Archbishop  of  Canterbury ; 
an  act  which  gave  great  concern  to  that  Prelate  upon  cooler  reflexion,  and  exposed  him  to  much 
censure.  And  his  Lordship's  conduct  with  respect  to  that  Lady,  gave  such  a  wound  to  his  reputa- 
tion, though  he  endeavoured  to  excuse  it  by  a  written  apology,  that  the  impression  which  the  dig- 
grace  made  on  him  was  believed  to  have  shortened  his  days. — Mr.  Chamberlaine,  in  a  letter  to  Mr. 
Winwood,  dated  April  5,  16CW,  says,  "  The  Earl  of  Devonshire  left  this  life  on  Thursday  night  last ; 
soon  and  early  for  his  years  (forty-three),  but  late  enough  for  himself;  and  happy  had  he  been,  if  be 
had  gone  two  or  three  years  since;  before  the  world  was  weary  of  him,  or  that  he  had  left  his  scan- 
dal behind  him."  By  this  Lady,  it  is  affirmed,  he  had  five  children  fathered  upon  him,  at  the  parting 
from  her  former  husband  ;  whereof  the  second  son,  Montjoy  Blount,  by  the  special  favour  of  King 
James,  was  created  Lord  Montjoy  of  Thunveston  in  1G05,  and  in  the  next  year  was  advanced  to  the 
title  of  Earl  of  Newport  in  the  Isle  of  Wight. 

1  Thomas  Berkeley,  eldest  son  of  Henry  eleventh  Lord  Berkeley  (brother  to  the  Earl  of  Northum- 
berland) is  supposed  to  have  been  the  official  bearer  of  the  news  of  the  Queen's  death.  Mr.  Berke- 
ley was  made  a  Knight  of  the  Bath  at  the  .Coronation,  July  25,  following.  He  married  Eli- 
zabeth, only  child  of  Sir  George  Carey,  elder  brother  of  Sir  Robert.  Sir  Thomas  Berkeley 
died  before  his  father,  Nov.  23,  1611,  act.  37. 

•  This  Representative  of  his  Sovereign  will  occur  in  a  subsequent  page,  under  the  various  titles 
of  "  Bishop  of  Halirud-house,"  and  "  Lord  of  Halyrud-house." 


40  SIR   JOHN    PAYTON,   THE    FIRST   KNIGHT   MADE    BY   THE    KING,  160$. 

"  By  this  time  many  Noblemen  and  Gentlemen  of  both  Nations  came  to 
signifie  theirloves  and  duties  to  his  Majestie1 ;  amongst  whom  Master  John  Payton, 
sonne  to  Sir  John  Payton,  Lieutenante  of  the  Tower  of  London,  upon  whom 
the  King  bestowed  the  first  honour  of  Knighthood;  the  King  being  dayly  more 
and  more  advertised  and  acertayned  of  the  exceeding  joyfull  and  generall  aplause 
of  all  the  English  Nation,  without  exception  of  any  one  particular  place  or  per- 
son, and  above  other  the  wonderfull  redinesse  and  hearty  gladnesse  of  the  great 
Citie  of  London,  where  the  Magistrates  and  all  other  inferior  Citizens  shewed  all 
possible  signes  of  perfect  joy  and  contentment;  and  his  Majestie  which  was  ever 
found  most  benigne  and  gratious,  presently  directs  his  speciall  letters  unto  the 
Lorde  Maior,  Aldermen,  and  Citizens,  as  followeth : 

1  John  Ferrers,  who  had  been  in  the  service  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  thus  begins  a  Petition  to  King 
James ;  "  my  long-continued  hope  of  your  Majesty's  favor  towards  mee  ever  since  God  made  mee  a 
prime  messenger  of  glad  tidinges  to  your  Majesty  about  the  decease  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  doth  em- 
bolden mee  to  comytt  my  siiyte  to  paper,"  &c.  Lodge's  Illustrations,  vol.  III.  p.  155. 

"  It  is  strange,"  says  Fuller,  "  with  what  assiduity  and  diligence  the  two  potent  parties,  the  de- 
fenders of  Episcopacy  and  Presbytery,  with  equal  hopes  of  successe,  made  (besides  private  and  parti- 
cular addresses)  publiqtie  and  visible  applications  to  King  James,  the  first  to  continue,  the  latter  to 
restore,  or  rather,  set  up  their  government;  so  that  whitest  each  side  was  jealous  his  rival  should 
get  the  start  by  early  stirring,  and  rise  first  in  the  King's  favour  ;  such  was  their  vigilancy,  that  nei- 
ther may  be  seen  to  go  to  bed ;  incessantly  diligent  both  before  and  since  the  Queen's  death,  in 
despatching  posts  and  messages  into  Scotland  to  advance  their  severall  designes.  We  take  notice  of 
two  principall,  Mr.  Lewis  Pickering,  a  Northamptonshire  Gentleman,  and  Eealous  for  the  Presbyterian 
party,  was  the  third  person  of  quality,  who  riding  incredibly  swift  (good  newes  makes  good  horse- 
men) brought  King  James  the  tydings  of  Queen  Elizabeth's  death.  But  how  farre,  and  with  what 
answer  he  moved  the  King  in  that  cause  is  uncertaine.  Doctour  Thomas  Nevill,  Deane  of  Canter- 
burie,  came  into  Scotland  some  dayes  after  him  (except  any  will  say,  that  he  comes  first,  that  comes 
really  to  effect  what  he  was  sent  for),  being  solemnly  employed  by  Archbishop  Whitgift  to  his  Ma- 
jesty, in  the  name  of  the  Bishops  and  Clergy  of  England,  to  tender  their  bounden  duties,  and  to 
understand  his  Highnesse  pleasure  for  the  ordering  and  guiding  of  ecclesiasticall  causes.  He  brought 
back  a  welcome  answer  to  such  as  sent  him,  of  his  Highnesse  purpose,  which  was  to  uphold  and 
maintain  the  government  of  the  late  Queen,  as  she  left  it  settled. — Soone  after  followed  the  treason 
of  William  Watson  on  this  occasion.  This  Watson,  a  secular  priest,  had  written  a  bitter  book  against 
the  Jesuits,  as  being  one  knowing,  though  net  so  secret  of  their  faults,  as  their  owne  confessours, 
taxing  them  with  truth  so  plaine,  they  could  not  deny  ;  so  foule,  they  durst  not  confess  it.  Now 
such  is  the  charity  of  the  Jesuits,  that  they  never  owe  any  ill-will,  making  present  payment  thereof. 
These  holy  fathers  (as  Watson  intimated  on  the  scaffold,  at  his  death,  and  forgave  them  fdr  the  same) 
cunningly  and  coveretly  drew  him  into  this  action,  promoting  him,  who  was  ambitious  though 
pretending  to  much  mortification,  treasonably  to  practise  his  own  preferments."  Church  History. 


LETTERS    FROM    KING   JAMEs   TO   THE   CITIZENS   OF    LONDON,  1603.  41 


"  To  our  trustie  and  wel-beloved  Robert  Lee,  Lord  Maior  of  our  City  of  London, 

and  to  our  wel-beloved  the  Aldermen  and  Commoners  of  the  same. 
"  Trustie  and  wel-beloved,  wee  greet  you  hartily  well.  Being  informed  of  your 
great  forwardnesse  in  thatjustand  honorable  action  of  proclaiming  us  your  Sove- 
raigne  Lord  and  King,  immediately  after  the  decease  of  our  late  deerest  Sister 
the  Queene,  wherein  you  have  given  a  singular  good  proofe  of  your  auncient 
fidelitie,  a  reputation  heriditary  to  that  our  Citie  of  London,  being  the  Chamber 
of  our  Imperial  Crowne,  and  ever  free  from  all  shadowes  of  tumultes  and  unlaw- 
full  courses;  we  could  not  omit  (with  all  speed  possible  we  might)  to  give  you 
hereby  a  taste  of  our  thankfull  minde  for  the  same;  and  withall  assurance  that 
you  cannot  crave  any  thing  of  us  fit  for  the  maintenance  of  you  all  in  general!, 
and  every  one  of  you  in  perticular,  but  it  shall  be  most  willingly  performed  by 
us,  whose  speciall  care  shall  ever  be  to  provide  for  the  continuance  and  increase  of 
your  present  happines  ;  desiring  you  in  the  meane  time  to  goe  constantly  forward 
in  all  doing,  in  and  whatsoever  thinges  you  shall  find  necessary  and  expedient  for 
the  good  government  of  our  sayd  Citie,  in  execution  of  justice,  as  you  have  beene 
in  use  to  doe,  in  our  saide  deceased  Sister's  time,  till  our  pleasure  be  knowne  to 
you  on  the  contrary.  Thus  not  doubting  but  you  will  doe,  as  you  may  be  fully 
assured  of  our  gratious  favors  towards  you,  in  the  first  degree,  wee  bid  you  heartily 
farewell.  Haly-roode  House,  the  28th  of  March,  16*03." 

"  His  Maiestie  having  likewise  exprest  his  especiall  and  perticuler  love  and 
good  liking  of  all  his  English  subjects,  and  manifested  his  most  princely  and  gra- 
tious acceptance  of  all  their  designes,  as  well  concerning  their  perticuler  and 
generall  performance  of  their  loves  and  duties,  as  their  singuler  and  prudent 
managing  the  high  affayres  of  Estate,  tooke  deliberate  advice  with  his  Counsell 
and  Nobility  of  Scotland,  for  the  present  and  future  well  governing  of  that  peo- 
ple and  kingdom  ;  which,  upon  due  consideration  and  profound  judgement,  con- 
cluded, his  Highnes  then  prepares  himselfe  with  convenience  to  set  forward  on 
his  journey  for  Englande." 

On  the  28th  of  March  the  following  Letter  was  despatched  by  the  Lords  of 
the  Council  to  the  Lord  Eure  and  the  other  Commissioners  at  Breame  '. 

1  Rymer's  Focdcra,  vol.  XVI.  p.  493,  from  Bibl.  Cotton.  Galba,  E.  1  .  fol.4O. 
VOL.  I.  G 


42          LORDS    OF   THE    COUNCIL   TO    THE    COMMISSIONERS    AT    BREAME,   l603. 

"  After  onr  hartie  commendations  to  your  Lordship  and  the  rest,  yf  this  our 
letter  be  not  prevented  either  by  cource  of  rumor,  or  by  somme  over-hastie  adver- 
tisement from  other  hands,  you  shall  hereby  receve  newis  mixt  and  tempered  both 
with  greef  and  gladnes:  the  one  for  the  decease  of  our  late  most  gracious  Sove- 
raigne  and  Cjueene  (who  departed  this  life  in  the  24th  of  this  instant),  the  other 
of  the  publique  and  generall  recognition  and  proclamation  of  our  most  rightfull 
and  Soveraigne  Lord  and  King  that  now  is,  nameli   King  James  of  Scotland, 
now  also  become  King  of  England,  &c.  applauded  and  receved   with  suche  an 
universale  acclamation   and  consent  of  all   personns  of  whatsoever  degree  and 
qualitie,  as  hath  well  declared  the  undoubted  resolution  and  assurance  (in  every 
mannes  conscience),  of  his  most  rightfull   succession,  and  betokeneth  (as  wee 
hope)  the  future  happines  of  his  Raigne;  a  matter  not  inconvenient  to  be  noted 
unto  you,  and  more  expedient  to  be  notified  and  delivered  out  by  you  in  those 
partes  wher  you  ar ;  but,  as  we  suppose,  that  uppon  knowledge  taken  by  you  of 
this  alteration,  you  will  find  your  selves  sommewhat  trobled  with  uncertantie  and 
irresolution  how  to  proceede  in  your  negotiation,  so  we,  in  whom  nowe  ther  is  or 
remainethe  no  farther  authoritie  than  by  provisional  care  to  applie  our  best  en- 
deavores  for  the  keepinge  of  the  Realme  in  tranquillity  and  peace,  thereby  to 
make  the  better  accompte  and  representatione  of  the  State  unto  our  said  Sove- 
raigne Lord  and  King,  when  he  cometh  to  us,  cannot  geve  you  anie  other  direc- 
tione  than  your  owne  discretione  and  judgemente  may  best  minister  unto  you, 
accordinge  as  opportunitie  may  serve  you  uppon  the  apprehensione  that  you  finde 
to  be  taken  of  this  accident ;    for,  if  bruite  thereof  be  not  as  yet  there  arrived,  or 
at  the  least  wise  the  certanty  not  knovven ;  and  you  either  alreadie  have  pene- 
trated so  far  into  the  desseigns  and  purposes  of  the  imperiall  Commissioners,  or 
can  (before  certaine  knowledge  be  taken  of  our  present  state)  discover  the  same 
so  far  forth,  as   that  you  maye  find  them  apt  and  coming  on  to  geve  satisfaction 
in  such  points  and  conditions  as  you  have  had  in  charge  to  procure  and  effecte, 
you  shall  doe  well  to  make  as  muche  advantage  and  use  thereof  as  you  can  ;  that, 
by  the  takeinge  hold  of  yt  for  the  present,  yt  may  serve  hereafter  for  the  better 
inducement  to  tyme  them,  and  to  make  the  readier  waie  to  a  good  conclusion, 
when  by  the  authoritie  of  our  said  Soveraign  your  commission  may  be  revived;  and, 
on  the  other  side,  if  you  shall  finde  the  saide  Commissioners  to  have  receaved 
certaine  notice  of  this  accident,  and  thereuppon  to  hold  themselves  more  reserved 
and  cautetous,  or  absolutely  resolve   not  to  proceed,  yt  remained)  then  that  in 
honourable  manner,  and  with  the  dignitie  of  this  State  you  make  a  recesse  and 
suspention  of  your  negotiation   untill  you  shall  have  further  warrant  and  direc- 
tion from  our  said  Sovereign  Lord  and  King ;  who  nevertheles  wee  doubte  not 


KING   JAMES    PROCLAIMED   AT   FLUSHING,   1603.  43 

but  in  his  grace  and  wisedome  will  approve  anie  such  proceedings  of  yours,  as 
you  shall  apparentlie  and  certainly  finde,  in  the  nieane  while,  to  be  for  the  honour 
of  his  Majestic  and  the  benefit  of  this  State.  And  thus,  haveing  by  waye  of 
advertisement  and  advise  wrytten  as  much  as  wee  can  for  the  present,  wee  byd 
your  Lordship  and  the  rest  most  hartely  farewell.  From  the  Pallace  of  White- 
hall, the  28th  of  March  1603.  Your  very  loving  friends, 

Jo.  CANT.  J.  LINCOLNE.  ED.  CROMWELL. 

THO.  EGERTON,  C.  S.      GA.  KILDARE.  Ro.  RICHE. 

T.  BUCKHURST.  CLANRICKARD.  G.  CHANDOIS. 

XOTINGHAM.  T.  HOWARD.  WILLIAM  COMPTON. 

NORTHUMBERLAND.         Ric.  LONDON.  W.  KNOWLES. 

GILB.  SHREWSBURY.        THO.  LA  WARRE.  Jo.  STANHOPE. 

WILL.  DERBY.  GR'AY.  Jo.  FORTESCUE. 

E.  WORCESTER.  T.  DARCY.  Ro.  CECILL." 

Ro.  SUSSEX. 
Indorsed,  "  To  our  very  good  Lord  the  Lord  Eure1,  and  the  rest  of  the 

Commissioners  for  the  Treaty  at  Breame." 

On  the  29th  of  March  King  James  was  proclaimed  at  Flushing  with  great 
solemnity,  by  Sir  William  Browne1,  Lieutenant  Governor  of  that  Town,  who  gives 
a  very  curious  account  of  the  whole  ceremony  in  a  letter  to  Sir  Robert  Sidney  3 : 

"  MY  MOST  HONOURABLE  GOOD  LORD, 

"  I  received  your  Lordships,  dated  the  25th  of  March,  by  Mr.  Cunstable  the 
29th  of  the  same ;  the  contents  of  your  letters  certefying  the  death  of  our  late 

1  "Ralph,  third  Lord  Eure,  was  in  1607  constituted  Lieutenant  of  Wales.  His  wife  was  Mary,  only 
daughter  of  Sir  John  Dauncy,  of  Cassay,  co.  York ;  and  it  appears  that  he  had  another  wife  not  men- 
tioned by  Dugdale,  for  Mr.  Chamberlayne  writes  to  Sir  Ralph  Winwood,  Jan.  9,  1612,  '  The  Lord 
Ewers  is  newly  married  to  the  Lady  Hunsdon,  Sir  Richard  Spencer's  sister.'  She  was  widow  of 
George,  second  Lord  Hunsdon,  \vho  died  Sept.  9, 1603.  Dugdale  does  not  mention  the  time  of  his 
.leath,  but  in  the  lists  of  Summons  to  Parliament,  his  name  appears  from  39  Eliz.  to  21  Jac.  I.,  after 
when,  that  of  William  Euere."  Banks,  Dormant  and  Extinct  Baronage,  vol.  III.  p.  236. 

*  "  This  Gentleman,  who  was  born  in  1558,  was  the  only  son  of  Nicholas  Browne,  of  Snelston  in 
Derbyshire,  by  Eleanor,  daughter  and  heir  of  Ralph  Shirley,  of  Stanton  Harold  in  Leicestershire. 
He  was  one  of  the  Low  Country  Captains ;  served  in  Flanders  almost  from  the  beginning  of  the  war; 
and  had  the  conduct  of  the  surprise  of  Gravelines  in  1586,  where  he  was  made  prisoner.  Sir  Philip 
Sydney  was  his  particular  friend  and  patron,  and  the  valiant  brethren  Sir  Francis  and  Sir  Horace 
Vere,  who  had  probably  been  trained  to  the  military  profession  under  his  care,  always  styled  him 
"  Father."  He  was  appointed  Lieutenant  Governor  of  Flushing  towards  the  end  of  the  reign  of  Eliza- 
beth, and  seems  to  have  gained  no  further  promotion  in  the  next  than  the  honour  of  knighthood, 
which  was  conferred  on  him  at  the  Tower  March  14,  1604-5."  Lodge's  Illustrations,  vol.  III.  p.  145. 

»  Sidney  State  Papers,  vol.  II.  p.  266. 


44  KING    JAMES    PROCLAIMED    AT    FLUSHING, 

dread  Soveraign,  and  the  proclayming  of  our  ryghtfull  Kinge,  Kinge  James, 
bredd  in  many  hartes  mingled  passions,  sorrow  for  the  losse  of  one,  under  whose 
gouernment  we  had  so  longe  lived  happy ;  and  gladnes,  that  God,  in  His  mercifull 
provydence,  had  so  disposed  of  the  succession  to  the  Crowne,  as  that  both  the 
ryght  of  succeding  was  held  inviolate,  and  he,  who  by  that  ryght  is  proclaymed, 
reputed,  and  vndowtedly  esteemed  of  all  men  that  have  been  trewly  informed  of 
his  vertues,  a  most  worthy  and  thryce  excellent  Prince,  from  'whom  we  can  ex- 
pect, by  his  good  and  Godly  gouernment,  rather  an  augmentinge  than  diminish- 
inge  of  our  forpassed  happines.  Vppon  the  recept  of  your  Lordship's  letter,  I 
foreslowed  no  tyme  to  proclayme  him  in  this  garrison  accordingly,  as  your  letter 
had  instructed  me ;  but  first  I  sent  for  the  Burghomaster  and  Secretary,  and 
Jacques  Gelley  (Ja.  Fransen  was  sick);  Luvesson  with  the  Secretary  and  Gelley 
came;  I  deliuered  them  your  Lordship's  desyre,  and  after  gaue  them  your  letter; 
they  made  shew  to  be  very  willinge  to  doe  what  was  befitting.  I  told  them,  that 
the  same  day,  by  12  of  the  clock,  I  would  assemble  the  souldiours  and  proclayme 
him,  and  wished  them  to  be  ready  to  accompany  me  at  the  same  tyme  ;  it  was 
uppon  Tuesday,  our  market  day :  this  I  deliuered  them  in  the  morninge,  and 
presently  dispatched  my  servant  with  letters  to  Mr.  Valck,  desyring  him  to  com- 
municate to  the  States  my  intention,  following  the  proceeding  in  England,  to 
publish  the  Proclamation  in  Flushing,  wishing  them  to  depute  som,  if  they 
thought  fit,  to  accompany  me  in  the  doing  of  it.  Our  Burgomaster,  presently 
after  our  conference,  assembled  in  the  Stathowse,  and  upon  consultation  Luvesson 
and  the  Secretary  went  them  selues  to  the  States  at  Middleborough  to  conferre 
with  them ;  in  the  mean  time  I  commaunded  all  our  souldiours  to  be  in  armes  at 
there  ensine's  lodginge,  that  at  an  instant,  vpon  any  summons,  they  might  come 
into  the  market-place.  It  was  longe  before  the  Burgomaster  retourned  from  Mid- 
dleborough, neither  hard  I  any  thinge  from  thence  till  it  was  neare  12  of  the 
clock.  At  length,  my  man  and  they  came  almost  together,  and  sent  me  word, 
that  the  States  themselues  were  lykewyse  vpon  the  way,  whereuppon  myself,  with 
the  Serjeant  Major,  went  in  the  mean  tyme  to  the  Stathowse,  where  I  spoke 
again  to  the  Burgomasters  and  some  of  the  Counsell ;  but  whyle  I  was  in  this 
conference  about  their  ioyning  with  me,  word  was  brought  that  the  States  were 
come;  only  that  Mr.  Valck  comming  by  Shute,  was  not  yet  arrived  :  I  broke  off 
my  speech  hereuppon,  becaus  they  seemed  willing  that  I  shold  communicate  it  with 
the  States ;  Valck  arryved  not  long  after,  and  then  the  States  sent  vnto  me  a  mes- 
senger to  tell  me,  that  they  were  come  expresly  to  conferre  with  me,  and  if,  in 


KING    JAMES    PROCLAIMED    AT    FLUSHING,   1603.  45 

the  after  noone,  I  wold  be  at  leysure,  they  wold  come  home  vnto  me.     I  sent  one 
expresly  vnto  them,  to  desyre  them,  that,  for  the  matter  of  importance,  they 
wold  come  vnto  the  Stathowse  presently,  which  they  did  :  there,  after  other  pre- 
face which  I  thought  fit,  I  told  them  what  I  had  moved,  and  what  I  found  rea- 
sonable the  Burghers  of  the  Towne  shold  do  in  this  busines,  and  vsed  such  argu- 
ments as  my  poore  wit  cold  best  frame ;  Vanderwerck,  in  the  name  of  the  rest  (for 
it  seemed  they  had  before  imagined  what  1  wold  demande)  begonne  his  answer, 
with  a  protestation  of  the  grief  generally  conceaued  for  the  losse  of  so  worthy  a 
£2ueen,    to  whose  goodnes  their  whole  country  was  so  much  and  so  infinitly 
bound,  but  seing  that  every  one's  dayes  were  in  the  hands  of  the  Lord,  they  cold 
not  but  content  them  selues  with  His  good  will  and  pleasure;  and  that,  in  the 
affliction,  it  was  no  small  comfort  vnto  them,  to  hear  how  peaceably  things  were 
determined  of  in  England,  for  the  establishment  of  the  succession  vppon  the 
King  of  Skotland,  whom  they  had  ever  bene  in  good  favour  and  league  withal), 
and  from  whom  they  expected,  and  hoped  all  wyse,  lovinge  and  carefull  consider- 
ation of  their  Estate;  and  to  that  ende,  to  shew  with  what  gladnes  they  receiued 
the  newes  of  his  beinge  proclaymed  in  England,  they  were  all  of  them,  as  many 
as  were  at  home,  come  to  congratulate  with  me  for  it ;  but  that  I  knew,  that 
they  being  but  a  member  of  the  whole  body,  cold  not  determine  of  any  thing 
without  advysing  with  the  other  provinces ;  that  they  made  no  question,  but  that, 
vppon  general  consultation,  contentment  should  be  given  as  was  requysite ;  and 
that,  in  the  mean  tyme,  they  did  with  all  gladnes  giue  applause  to  the  proclaym- 
inge.     My  answer,  as  the  sodain  gaue  me  leaue  to  iudge  fit,  was,  that  thoghe  I 
cold  wish  they  all  ioyned,  yett  that  seinge  itt  cold  not  stand  with  ther  vnited  cor- 
respondence, that  I  wold  not  move  them  of  Zeland  in  generall  vnto  itt,  butt  that 
1  cold  do  po  lesse  for  the  assurance  of  our  mutuall  affections  in  this  Town  ;  seing 
that  we  did  take  the  oath  of  obedience  to  the  Kinge,  and  mantegninge  of  the 
contracts,  that  the  Burghers  shold  lykewyse  doo  the  lyke,  till  further  agreement 
were  concluded  betweene  the  King's  Majesty  and  the  States  Generall,  and  that  this 
was  fitt  for  the  gouernment ;  or  els  we  shold  dout  with  what  autority  to  com- 
maund,  and  they  not  be  resolute  in   their  devotion  to  obey,  as  was  meet  for  the 
safe  keeping  of  this  Towne ;  the  Serjeant  Majour  was  present  all  this  tyme. 
Having  thus  ended,  telling  them  how  acceptable  such  forwardnes  wold  be,  I  rose 
vpp  and  went  out,  and   gave  them   leaue  to  deliberate:  the  Burghomasters,  after 
having  had  some  conference  with  them,  went  asyde  lykewyse  into  another  cham- 
ber by  themselues.     I   was  not  longe  after  sent  for  in  again,  and  then  Vander- 


4(7  KING    JAMES    PROCLAIMED    AT   FLUSHING, 

werck  for  the  rest  sayd,  that  they  assured  themselues,  that  I  did  understand  well 
their  country  government ;  and  that  for  them  of  Flushing,  to  take  a  new  oath, 
without  consent  of  the  rest,  were  to  sever  them  from  the  other  Townes ;  and 
that  there  was  no  occasion  for  me  to  dout  of  all  good  correspondence ;  for  that 
they  did   not  understand  that  any  man  was,  by  the  death  of  the  Queene,  dis- 
charged of  their  oath  for  observing  the  contract ;  and  desyred  that  for  a  whyle  I 
wold  be  contented  with  that  satisfaction.     My  answer  was,  that  they  shold  per- 
ceive by  my  proceeding,  that  I  wold  vrge  them  no  way  further  than  reason  re- 
quyred,  and  therfore  wold  frame  my  request  according  to  their  own  discourse, 
that  seing  they  cold  not  approve  that  as  yett  a  new  oathe  shold  be  offred  to  the 
Burghers  in  Flushing ;  yet  that  itt  myght  by  Proclamation  be  made  knowne  by 
the  Burghomasters  to  all  the  inhabitants,  that  there  oathe  heretofore  made  for 
holdinge  and  mainteyning  the  contract  between  the  Queen's  Majesty,  of  famous 
memory,  and  them,  was  still  remaying  in  full  force,  strength,  and  virtue,  whereof 
they  were  all  to  take  knowledge,  that  it  might  in  all  respects  be  observed.     This 
they  cold  not  say  much  against ;  and  so  in  the  ende  itt  was  concluded,  which  was 
all  I  cold  do  for  the  present,  which  I  hope  your  honour  will  hold  sufficient,  seing 
our  command  is,  after  a  sort,  more precario.     After  this,  being  allmost  two  of  the 
clock,  I  preceaded  to  the  Proclamation,  which,  by  good  fortune,  Mr.  Cunstable 
had  broght  over  with  him,  my  self  redd  itt  in  the  Statehowse  bay-window,  being 
accompanyed  by  the  States  of  Zeland,  as  many  as  were  at  home  and  not  sick  ; 
Malsey  was  sick ;  there  were  present,  Valck,  Huessens,  Vanderwerck,  Myrons, 
Oleartsen,  Zuytland,  and  Bonifacius ;  these  all  leaned  out  att  the  wyndowes  by 
mee,  as  lykewyse  did  the  Burghomasters,  and  som  of  the  best  Burghers,  and  the 
Preachers  of  the  Towne  in  an  other  chamber,  so  that  itt  was  done  with  great 
solemnity  and  acclamation  of  all  sortes.     When  the  printed  Proclamation  was 
redd  out,  I  then  followed  the  contents  of  your  Lordship's  letter,  that  concurring 
with  what  was  done  in  Englande  by  authority  and  command :  from  the  Lord 
Gouerner  being  absent,  I,  Liefftenant  Gouernor,  the  Serjeant  Major,  Captens,&c.of 
this  garrison  were  to  take  our  oath  of  allegeance  for  defending  and  mainteyning 
of  this  Towne,  with  hazard  of  lyfe  and  goodes,  to  the  behoof  of  our  King's 
ryght,  following  the  contract,  &c.  till  further  order  were  to  be  established.     This 
I  red,  word  by  word,  out  of  your  Lordship's  letter,  only  adding  for  the  Burghers 
better  contentment,  '  till  further  order  were  established.'     At  the  ende  of  all,  I 
commanded  the  souldiours,  in  syne  of  their  loyalty  and  ioyfull  receiving  the 
oath,  to  hold  up  their  hand,  and  say,  'God  saue  Kinge  James;'  which  they  all 


SIR    ROBERT   CAREY'S    NARRATIVE    CONTINUED,   16*03.  47 

did  :  and  after,  to  conclude,  deliuered  two  very  excellent  vollys  of  shott,  and  were 
answered  by  the  ordinaunce  rounde  about  the  wall.  When  this  was  finished, 
hauing  more  devotion  to  eat,  hauing  fasted  all  day,  than  to  hear  a  sermon,  we 
went  presently  to  the  land  ryght,  where  my  self,  the  Serjeant  Majour,  and  the  rest 
of  the  Captains,  had  determyned  on  our  own  purses  to  haue  been  merry  with  the 
Biirghoinasters ;  butt  the  States  coining  also,  the  Burghomaster  defrayed  all,  and 
we  were  drunke  all  in  drinking  the  health  of  our  King:-  to  end  my  letter,  let  me 
assure  your  Lordship,  that  never  any  Governour  had  more  firmely  affectionate 
hartes  to  his  service  than  your  Lordship  hath  in  this  garrison  :  and,  for  my  own 
particular,  I  will  never  be  otherwyse.  At  nyght  we  shott  off  our  ordinance  dohli 
again,  round  about  the  wall,  and  made  fires  of  joy.  God  send  our  King  Jaines 
longlyfe.  Your  Lordship's,  &c.  WILLLAM  BROWNE  '. 

"Flushing,  this  4th  of  Aprill,  1603." 

We  return  to  Sir  Robert  Carey";  who  says:  "  Upon  the  report  of  the  Queen's 
death,  the  East  Border*  broke  forth  into  great  unruliness,  insomuch  as  many 
complaints  came  to  the  King  thereof.  I  was  desirous  to  go  to  appease  them,  but 
I  was  so  weak  and  ill  of  my  head,  that  I  was  not  able  to  undertake  such  a  journey ; 
but  I  offered  that  I  would  send  any  two  deputies,  that  should  appease  the 
trouble  and  make  them  quiet,  which  was  by  them  shortly  after  effected.  Now 
I  was  to  begin  a  new  world  ;  for,  by  the  King's  coming  to  the  Crown,  I  was  to 
lose  the  best  part  of  my  living.  For  my  office  of  Wardenry  ceased,  and  I 
lost  the  pay  of  forty  horse,  which  were  not  so  little  both  as  ^.1000  per  annum. 
Most  of  the  great  ones  at  Court  envied  my  happiness,  when  they  heard  I  was 
sworn  of  the  King's  Bed-chamber;  and  in  Scotland  I  had  no  acquaintance  ;  I 
only  relied  on  God  and  the  King.  The  one  never  left  me,  the  other,  shortly 

1  In  another  Letter  of  Sir  William  Browne  to  Sir  Robert  Sidney,  dated,  "Flushing  the  6th  of  April," 
he  says,  "  1  hear  Sir  Fran.  Vere  hath  proclaimed  the  King  lykewyse  at  Brill :  they  had  the  newes  the 
same  day  at  the  Haghe  which  we  had  it  hear,  which  was  the  Tuesday  we  proclaymed  him  Kingc :  att 
Antwerp  I  heare  that  the  bruit  was,  that  we  were  all  together  by  the  ears  in  England,  butt  God 
hath  provyded  better  for  vs." 

*  "The  accession  of  King  James  the  Vlth  to  the  Crowne  of  England  operated  powerfully  towards 
the  felicity  of  this  part  of  the  island ;  cultivation  immediately  took  place,  the  country  so  often  deso- 
lated by  war,  received  new  inhabitants,  who  brought  with  them  not  only  flocks  and  herds,  but  alti- 
manufactories  and  commerce  ;  the  works  effected  in  peace  were  soon  distinguished,  the  barren  waM< « 
were  put  under  the  ploughshare,  towns  and  hamlets  diversified  the  scene,  and  increasing  population 
enlivened  every  valley,  which  for  ages  had  been  marked  by  works  of  hostility.  Yet  it  was  not  till  ilir 
union  of  the  two  kingdoms  that  these  effects  of  peace  were  brought  to  the  happy  eminence." 

Hutchinson's  View  of  Northumberland,  vol.  I.  p.  lot. 


48  SIR  JOHN  HARRINGTON'S  PRESENT  TO  THE  KING,  1603. 

after  his  coming  to  London,  deceived  my  expectation,  and  adhered  to  those  that 
sought  my  ruin  '." 

Sir  John  Harrington  took  an  early  opportunity  of  sending  a  compliment  to  the 
new  Sovereign,  by  transmitting 

"  A  New  Year's  Guift  at  Christmass,  by  Captaine  William  Hunter,  1(302. 

1.  A  dark  lantern  2,  made  of  fowre  mettels,  gold,  silver,  brass,  and  iron. 

2.  The  top  of  it  was  a  Crowne  of  pure  gold,  which  also  did  serve  to  cover  a 
perfume-pan. 

3.  Thear  was  within  it  a  shield  of  silver  embost,  to  give  a  reflexion  to  the 
light ;  on  one  side  of  which 

4.  Was  the  sunn,  the  moone,  and  vii  starrs. 

5.  On  the  other  side  the  story  of  the  birth  and  passion  of  Christ  as  it  is  fownd 
graved  by  a  King  of  Scots  that  was  prisoner  in  Nottingham  in  a  cell  called,  to 
this  day,  the  King  of  Scotts  prison  3. 

1  "  Neither  the  severities  of  Oaborne,  nor  the  more  just  censure  of  Rapin,  nor  several  bitter  strokes 
that  have  been  vented  by  every  late  writer  against  James  I.  have  wounded  that  Monarch  so  effectually 
as  what  here  falls  from  Sir  Robert  Carey's  pen.  Osborne  may  be  said  to  write  with  rage;  Rapin  not 
to  be  totally  free  from  prejudice ;  most  of  the  others,  to  swim  with  the  stream,  and  not  to  give  them- 
selves sufficient  time  to  weigh  the  good  and  evil ;  but  the  author  of  these  Memoirs  appears  so  evi- 
dently void  of  that  haste  which  accompanies  revenge,  that  what  he  here  says  of  himself  and  his  Royal 
Master  may  be  depended  upon  as  a  truth;  a  truth  that  shews  how  unhappily  King  James  was 
governed  by  favourites,  and  how  easily  he  forgot  his  promises."  Lord  Corke. — Sir  Robert  Carey's 
Memoirs  will  be  resumed  in  some  of  the  subsequent  pages. 

•  "  Fabricated,"  as  Mr.  Park  judiciously  observes,  "at  a  moment  when  the  lamp  of  life  grew 
dim  in  the  frame  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  and  she  began  to  "  bear  shew  of  human  infirmitie."  It  is 
curious  as  a  tribute  of  Court-craft;  but  it  displays  a  'darkness  visible'  in  the  character  of  our  politic 
Knight ;  and  proves  that  he  was  an  early  worshipper  of  the  Regal  Sun  which  rose  in  the  North, 
though  his  own  '  Notes  and  Private  Remembrances'  would  seem  to  indicate  a  different  disposition  : 

"  Here  now  wyll  I  rest  my  troublede  mjnde,  and  tende  my  sheepe  like  an  Arcadian  swayne,  that 
hath  lost  his  faire  mistresse ;  for  in  soothe,  I  have  loste  the  beste  and  faireste  love  that  ever  shepherde 
knew,  even  my  gracious  jQueene  ;  and  sith  my  good  Mistresse  is  gone,  I  shall  not  hastily  put  forth 
for  a  new  Master.  I  heare  oure  newe  Kinge  hath  hangede  one  man  before  he  was  tryede ;  'tis  strangely 
done ;  now  if  the  wynde  blowethe  thus,  why  may  not  a  man  be  tryed  before  he  hath  offended  ? — I  wyll 
keepe  companie  with  none  but  my  oves  and  bones,  and  go  to  Bathe  and  drinke  sacke,  and  wash  awaie 
remembraunces  of  paste  times  in  the  streames  of  Lethe." 

3  David  II.  King  of  Scots,  is  reported  to  have  been  confined  in  Nottingham  Castle,  and  during 
that  confinement  to  have  sculptured  the  passion  of  our  Saviour  on  the  walls  of  his  apartment :  but 
Canulen  records  the  tradition  without  giving  it  much  credence,  and  Stow  does  not  contribute  to  its 
establishment,  as  an  historical  fact.  See  Deering's  History  of  the  Town,  and  Thoroton's  of  the 
County,  of  Nottingham. 


SIR  JOHN  HAKINGTON'S  NEW-YEAR'S  GIFT,  1603.  49 

6.  The  word  was  that  of  the  good  theife  : 

"  Lord  remember  me  when  thou  comest  in  thie  kingdom. 
Domlne,  memento  mei  cum  venerls  in  regnum" 
And  a  little  beneath:  "Post  crucem,  lucem" 

7.  The  wax  candle  to  be  removed  at  pleasure  to  the  top,  and  so  to  make  a  can- 
dlestick, stoode  in  a  foot  of  brass. 

8.  The  snuffers,  and  all  the  outside  of  the  lantern,  of  iron  and  steele  plate. 

9.  The  perfume  in  a  little  silver  globe,  fild  with  musk  and  awmber. 

This  "  New  Year's  Guift"  was  accompanied  by  "  Verses  on  the  Lantern,"  in 
Latin  and  English  ;  by  others  on  the  Picture;  by  the  "  Farewell  to  his  Muse  >  ;" 
and  by  the  following  "  Welcome  to  the  King2  :" 

"  Come,  Tryumph  ;  enter  Church,  Court,  Citty,  Towne; 

Heere  JAMES  the  Sixt,  now  JAMES  the  First,  proclaymed: 

See  how  all  harts  ar  heald,  that  erst  were  maymed, 
The  Peere  is  pleasd,  the  Knight,  the  Clarck,  the  Clowne. 

The  mark,  at  which  the  Malecontent  had  aymed, 
Is  mist,  Succession  stablisht  in  the  Crowne, 

Joy,  Protestant;  Papist,  be  now  reclaymed; 
Leave,  Puritan,  your  supercillious  frowne, 

Joyn  voice,  hart,  hand,  all  discord  be  disclaymed. 
Be  all  one  flock,  by  one  great  sheppard  guided  : 

No  forren  wolf  can  force  a  fould  so  fenced, 
God  for  his  house  a  STEWARD  hath  provided, 

Right  to  dispose  what  erst  was  wrong  dispenced. 

But  with  a  loyall  love  and  long  praepenced, 
With  all,  yet  more  than  all,  rejoyce  do  1, 
To  conster  JAM  —  ES  Primus,  et  non 


1  All  preserved  in  Mr.  Park's  Edition  of  the  Nugx  Antiquae,  pp.  32?  —  334. 

*  Copied,  by  Dr.  J.  Leyden,  from  the  University  Library  at  Edinburgh. 

'  Sir  John  Harington,  in  a  Letter  to  Lord  Thomas  Howarde,  [April]  1603,  says  :  "  My  Lorde, 
touchynge  our  matters  here,  and  what  hathe  fallen  oute  sithence  you  departed,  maye  perchance  not  be 
unpleasante  to  you  to  heare.  Manie  have  beene  the  mad  caps  rejolcinge  at  cure  new  Kynge's  com- 
inge,  and  who  (in  good  trothe)  dared  not  to  have  set  forthe  their  good  affection  to  him  a  monthe  or 
two  agoe  :  but,  alas  !  what  availethe  truthe,  when  profile  is  in  queste  ?  Yow  were  true  and  liege 
bondsman  to  her  late  Highnesse,  and  felte  her  sweete  bounties  in  full  force  and  good  favour.  Nor 
did  I  my  poor  selfe  uncxpcricncc  her  love  and  kyndness  on  manie  occasions  ;  but  I  cannot  forbeare 
remembringe  my  dread  at  her  frownes  in  the  Iryshe  affaire,  when  I  followede  my  General!  (and  what 
VOL.  I.  H 


50  THE  KING'S  LETTER  TO  SIR  JOHN  HARINGTON,  1603. 

That  these  foregoing  verses  were  highly  acceptable  to  his  Majesty  will  appear 
from  the  following  Letter  with  which  he  honoured  the  Poet: 

"  To  our  trusty  and  well-belovede  Sir  Johne  Harrington,  Knight. 
"  Righte  trustie,  and  wel-belovite  frinde,  we  greete  yow  heartily  weill.     We 
have  raissavit  your  Lanterne  you  sende  us  be  our  servande  Williame  Hunter ', 
gevinge  yow  hairtie  thankes  ;  as  lykewayse  for  yowr  laste  letter,  quhawin  we  per- 

shoude  a  Captaine  doe  better  ?)  to  Englande  a  little  before  his  tyme.  If  Essex  had  met  his  "  ap- 
poyntede  tyme"  (as  Davide  saithe)  to  die,  it  had  fared  better  than  to  meet  his  follie  and  his  fate  too. 
But  enough  of  olde  tales ;  a  new  Kynge  will  have  new  soldiers,  and  God  knowethe  what  men  they 
will  be.  One  saith  he  will  serve  him  by  daie,  another  by  nighte :  the  women  (who  love  to  talke  as 
they  lyke)  are  for  servynge  him  bothe  daye  and  nighte.  It  pleasethe  me  to  thynke  I  am  not  under 
their  commande,  whoe  offer  so  bountyfullie  what  perchance  they  woulde  be  gladde  to  receive  at  others 
handes  ;  but  I  am  a  cripple,  and  not  made  for  sportes  in  new  Cowrtes.  Sir  Robert  Carey  was  prime 
in  his  Scottysh  intelligence  of  the  Queene's  deathe.  Some  will  saye  that  bad  tydinges  travel  faste  ; 
but  I  maye  call  Sir  Robert's  no  ill  borden  to  Edenborrow. — St  Paul  hath  saide,  that  '  the  race  is  not 
alwaie  givene  to  the  swyfte.'  I  dowte  Sir  Robert  will  give  the  Sainte  the  lie,  for  he  is  like  to  get 
both  race  and  prize,  and  (as  fame  goethe)  creepethe  not  a  little  into  favoure.  I  am  now  settynge 
forthe  for  the  Countrie,  where  I  will  reade  Petrarch,  Ariosto,  Horace,  and  such  wise  ones.  I  will  make 
verses  on  the  maidens,  and  give  my  wine  to  the  maisters ;  but  it  shall  be  such  as  I  do  love,  and  do 
love  me.  I  do  muche  delight  to  meate  my  goode  friendes,  and  discourse  of  getting  rid  of  our  foes. 
Each  nighte  do  I  spende,  or  muche  better  parte  thereof,  in  Counceil  with  the  aunciente  examples  of 
Lerninge ;  I  con  over  their  histories,  their  poetrie,  their  instructions,  and  thence  glean  my  own  proper 
conducte  in  matters  bothe  of  merrimente  and  discretion ;  otherwyse,  my  goode  Lorde,  I  ne'er  had 
overcome  the  nigged  pathes  of  Ariosto,  nor  wonne  the  highe  palme  of  glorie,  whicli  you  broughte 
unto  me  (I  venture  to  saie  it),  namely,  our  lale  Queene's  approbation,  esteeme,  and  rewarde.  Howe 
my  poetrie  may  be  relishde  in  time  to  come,  I  will  not  hazardc  to  saie.  Thus  muche  I  have  livede  to 
see,  and  (in  good  soothe)  feel  to,  that  honeste  prose  will  never  better  a  man's  purse  at  Courte  ;  and, 
had  not  my  fortune  been  in  terra  firma,  I  might,  even  for  my  verses,  have  daunced  barefoot  with 
Clio  and  her  school -fellovves  untill  I  did  sweat,  and  then  have  got  nothinge  to  slake  my  thirste  but  a 
pitcher  of  Helicon's  well.  E'en  let  the  beardless  god  Apollo  dip  his  own  chin  in  such  drinke ;  a  haire 
of  my  face  shall  have  better  entertainmente.  1  have  made  some  freindes  to  further  my  suite  of  favour 
withe  the  Kynge,  and  hope  you  will  not  be  slacke  in  forwardeing  my  beinge  noticede  in  proper  season, 
but,  my  goode  Lorde,  I  will  walke  faire,  though  a  cripple ;  I  will  copie  no  man's  steps  so  close  as  to 
treade  on  his  heel ;  if  I  go  at  all,  it  shall  be  verily  uprightely,  and  shall  better  myselfe  in  thus  saieing, 
Sequar,  sed  passibvs  cequls.  Nowe,  my  Lorde,  farewell,  and  tntste  his  worde  who  venturethc  to 
honour  himselfe  in  the  name  of  your  Friencle,  JOHN  HAKINGTON." 

"  When  you  can  fairely  get  occasion,  I  entreate  a  worde  touchynge  your  doinges  at  Courte.  I  will 
poiute  oute  to  you  a  special  conveyance ;  for,  in  these  tymes,  discretion  must  stande  at  oure  doores 
and  even  at  oure  lippes  too.  Goode  caution  never  comethe  better  than  when  a  man  is  climbinge ; 
it  is  a  pityfull  thinge  to  sett  a  wronge  foote ;  and,  insteade  of  raisinge  one's  heade  to  falle  to  the 
grounde  and  showe  one's  baser  partes."  Nugae  Antiquae,  Park's  Edition,  vol.  I.  pp.  336,  339. 

'  Captain  William  Hunter  was  the  bearer  of  the  "  New  Year's  Gift"  to  the  King. 


CONGRATULATORY    LETTERS   TO   THE    KING,  1603.  51 

saife  the  continuance  of  your  loyall  affectione  to  us  and  yowr  servyce :  we  shall 
not  be  unmyndefull  to  extende  owr  Princelie  favoure  heirafter  to  yow  and  yowr 
perticulers  at  all  guid  occasions.     We  committe  yow  to  God. 
"  From  owr  Cowrte  at  Hallyruid  Howse, 
April  the  thirde,  1603." 


On  his  Accession  to  the  Throne,  the  King  was  complimented  by  congra- 
tulatory Letters  in  French  from  the  following  Potentates:  1.  Marie  de  Me- 
dicis,  Queen  of  France,  signed  by  her,  June  1,  and  sealed  with  her  Privy 
Seal;  2.  King  Henry  the  Fourt'h  of  France,  signed  by  him  and  dated  June 
2  ;  3.  The  Infanta  of  Spain,  the  Arch-duchess  Isabella-Clara-Eugenia,  signed  by 
her  June  3  ;  4.  The  Arch-duke  Albert,  signed  by  him  the  same  day ;  5.  Ema- 
nuel,  Duke  of  Savoy,  written  by  him  at  Turin,  October  1 ;  6*.  Frideric  Elector 
Palatine,  signed  by  him  April  12;  7.  Frideric  Duke  of  Wirtemberg,  signed  by 
him  July  1 ;  8.  John  George,  Administrator  of  Strasbourg  and  Marquis  of  Bran- 
denburg, signed  by  him  November  20 ;  9.  Henry  de  Lorraine,  Duke  of  Bar, 
signed  by  him  June  25 ;  10.  Charles  de  Lorraine,  Duke  of  Guise,  signed  by  him 
August  22;  11.  Katerine  de  Cleves,  the  elder  Duchess  of  Guise,  written  all  by 
herself;  12.  Charles  de  Loraine,  Due  de  Mayenne,  signed  by  him  May  30;  13. 
Steven  Bille,  the  King  of  Denmark's  Governor  of  Norway,  all  written  with  his 
own  hand,  June  28  ;  14.  Charles  de  Croy,  Prince  Marquis  de  Hame?  all  written 
by  himself,  June  8 ;  15.  Christiana,  Duchess  of  Florence,  written  by  herself;  16. 
Anthoniette,  Duchess  of  Cleves,  written  by  herself  September  25.  These  are 
generally  accompanied  by  one  to  the  Queen  ;  of  the  latter,  that  from  the  Queen 
of  France,  is  sealed  with  two  signets,  one  having  her  cypher  under  the  Crown  of 
France;  theother  the  arms  of  France,  and  her  own  empaled  underthe  French  Crown; 
there  is  one  also  to  Queen  Anne  from  Charles,  Cardinal  of  Lorraine,  signed  by 
him. — The  original  Letters  are  preserved  in  the  British  Museum.  Harl.MSS.  1760. 

Mr.  John  Chamberlaine  (whose  Manuscript  Letters  to  Mr.  (afterwards  Sir) 
Dudley  Carleton  have  already  furnished  several  interesting  elucidations  in  the 
"  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth")  thus  writes  to  his  friend,  April  12,  1603 : 

"  All  things  continue  in  the  same  quiet  course.  Only  here  was  a  proclama- 
tion to  retain  the  Council,  and  all  other  officers,  in  their  old  places ;  and  to  restrain 


52  LETTER    OF    MR.    CHAMBERLAINE   TO    MR.    CARLETON,   l603- 

the  concourse  of  idle  and  unnecessary  passers  into  Scotland;  the  number  whereof 
grew  to  be  a  great  burden  to  the  country,  and  brought  all  things  out  of  order. 

"  The  Lord  Henry  Howard  was  sent  thither  to  possess  the  King's  ear,  and  coun- 
termine the  Lord  Cobham.  Your  old  friend  Tobie  Matthew1  was  sent  with  a 
letter  from  Mr.  Bacon,  but  I  doubt  whether  the  message  or  messenger  were  greatly 
welcome.  The  King  uses  all  very  graciously,  and  hath  made  Sir  Robert  Carey 
of  his  Bed-chamber,  and  Groom  of  the  Stole2.  John  Davis  is  sworn  his  man; 
and  Neville3  restored  (as  he  writes  himself)  to  all  his  titles  and  fortunes. 

"  The  10th  of  this  month  the  Earl  of  Southampton  and  Sir  Henry  Neville 
were  delivered  out  of  the  Tower  by  warrant  from  the  King.  These  bountiful 
beginnings  raise  all  men's  spirits,  and  put  them  in  great  hopes,  insomuch  that 
not  only  Protestants,  but  Papists  and  Puritans,  and  the  very  Poets,  with  their 
idle  pamphlets,  promise  themselves  great  part  in  his  favour;  so  that  to  justify 
and  please  all,  hie  labor,  hoc  opus  est ;  and  would  be  more  than  a  man's  work. 
The  last  that  were  sent  were  Sir  Henry  Neville  and  Sir  Harry  Lennard  with  five 
thousand  pounds  in  gold  and  one  silver,  saving  your  cousin  Montpesson,  that  car- 
ried him  six  geldings  and  a  coach  with  four  horses ;  and  other  officers  that  are 
daily  sent  away  to  provide  and  execute  their  charge. 

"  Here  have  come  divers  from  the  King;  as,  Roger  Aston,  Foulis,  Hamilton, 
and  now  last,  one  Bruce,  whom  they  call  Lord  Abbot  of  Kinloss4,  and  is  thought 
shall  be  incorporated  with  our  Council. 

"  We  have  no  certainty  where  the  King  is,  they  that  come  last  say  he  appointed 
to  be  at  Berwick  the  7th  of  this  month  ;  and  think  he  is  now  on  the  way  to 
York ;  where  he  will  make  no  long  stay,  but  comes  to  Worksop,  a  house  of  the 
Earl  of  Shrewsbury's ;  so  to  Beauvoir  Castle ;  thence  to  Burley ;  thence  to 
Oliver  Cromwell's  by  Huntingdon  ;  to  Sir  Thomas  Sadleir's  in  Hertfordshire  ;  to 
Hertford  Castle 5 ;  to  Theobalds ;  to  the  Charter-house,  or  Howard  House ;  and 
so  to  the  Tower  till  his  Coronation.  I  cannot  hear  that  the  Queen  or  any  of  the 
Princes  come  with  him  ;  only  they  talk  of  the  Duke  of  Lenox,  two  Marquisses, 
the  Earl  of  Mar,  whose  brother,  Sir  Thomas  Erskine,  they  say,  is  made  Captain 
of  the  Guard  ;  and  two  hundred  other  Nobles  and  Gentles.  Young  Payton  is  the 
first  and  only  Knight  the  King  hath  just  made  of  our  Countrymen  6.'\ 

1  This  was  the  famous  Bishop  of  Durham,  who  will  appear  in  more  than  one  of  the  subsequent  pages. 
•  See  before,  p.  36.  3  Q.  Edward  Neville  ?  «  Who  will  be  fully  noticed  hereafter. 

5  We  have  no  account  of  the  King's  stopping  either  at  Sir  Thomas  Sadler's  or  at  Hertford. 
'  See  before,  p.  40 ;  and  hereafter,  p.  58. 


The  True  Narration  of  the  Entertainment  of  his  Royal  Majestic,  from  the 
time  of  his  Departure  from  Edenbrough,  till  his  Receiving  at  London  ;  with 
all,  or  the  most  speciall  Occurrences.  Together  with  the  names  of  those 
Gentlemen  whom  his  Majestic  honoured  with  Knighthood1. 

To  THE  READER. 

After  long  travell  to  bee  informed  of  every  particular,  as  much  as  diligence 
might  prevaile  in,  this  small  worke  of  his  Majestie's  receiving  and  Royall  Enter- 
tainment is  brought  forth  ;  which,  though  it  may  seeme  to  have  bene  too  long  de- 
ferred, yet  seeing  nothing  therof  hath  bene  publike,  no  time  can  be  too  late  to 
t-xpresse  so  excellent  a  matter,  wherein  the  dutifull  love  of  many  noble  subjects  so 
manifestly  appeared  to  our  dread  Lord  and  Soveraigne;  and  his  Royall  thanhfulnes 
in  exchange  for  that,  which  was  indeed  but  dutie;  though  so  adorned  with  mu- 
nificent bounty,  that  most  houses  where  his  Highnesse  rested,  were  so  furnished 
by  the  owners  with  plenty  of  delights  and  delicates,  that  there  was  discerned  no 
negligence ;  but  if  there  were  any  offence,  the  sinneonly  appeared  in  excesse,  as 
more  at  large  you  shal  hereafter  perceive,  where  the  truth  of  every  thing  is  rather 
pointed  at  than  stood  upon.  All  diligence  was  used  to  get  the  names  of  those  Gentle- 
men that  in  sundry  places  received  the  honor  of  Knighthood;  and  what  the  Heraldes 

1  "  At  London :  Printed  by  Thomas  Creede,  for  Thomas  Millington,  1603."— At  the  sale  of  the  Li- 
brary of  Mr.  Gough,  in  1810,  a  copy  of  this  scarce  little  Tract  was  sold  to  Mr.  George  Chalmers  for 
s£4.  10s. — In  the  sale  of  Mr.  Garrick's  Library,  in  1823,  a  copy  of  it,  bound  up  with  several  other 
Tracts,  sold  for  sS.53. — And  this  is  not  an  improper  place  to  mention  that  a  copy  of  another  scarce 
Tract  of  a  similar  description,  "  The  Entry  of  King  James,  the  sixth  of  that  name,  and  Cjueen  Anne 
his  wife,  into  the  Towns  of  Lyeth  and  Edenborough,  1st  of  May  1590,"  in  4to,  printed  in  black 
letter,  at  the  sale  of  the  Library  of  Mr.  Isaac  Reed  in  1807,  was  sold  for  five  guineas. 

In  the  Books  of  the  Stationers'  Company  are  the  following  entries  :  "  The  Pictures  of  the  Kinge 
and  Qucne,  and  the  twoo  yonge  Princes  their  sonnes;"  entered  by  Mr.  Busbie,  March  29,  16O3. 

"  A  Thing  in  Verse,  called  King  James  proclaimed;"  March  30,  by  the  same. 

"  Eliza's  Memorial!;  King  James's  Arrivall ;  and  Rome's  Downfall;"  April  2,  by  Jo.  Baity. 


54         THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  FROM  SCOTLAND  TO  ENGLAND,  1603. 

have  in  register  are  duly  set  downe,  both  for  name,  time,  and  place1.  If  any  be 
omitted,  let  it  please  them  but  to  signifie  their  names,  and  the  house  where  they 
received  that  honor,  and  there  shall  be  additions  put  to  this  impression,  or  at  least 
(which  will  be  by  order  more  fully)  placed  in  the  next.  Many,  I  am  sure,  there 
are  not  missing:  and  only  on  that  point  we  are  somewhat  doubtful2.  The  rest  is 
from  his  Highnesse  departure  from  Edenbrough,  his  comming  to  London,  so 
exactly  set  downe,  as  nothing  can  be  added  to  it  but  superfluous  words,  which  we 
have  strived  to  avoyd.  Thine,  T.  MILLINGTON. 

1  The  names  of  the  several  Knights  have  been  collated  with,  and  considerably  enlarged  from,  "  A 
perfect  Collection  or  Catalogue  of  all  Knights  Bachelaurs  made  by  King  James  since  his  comming  to 
the  Crown  of  England  until  his  decease ;  faithfully  extracted  out  of  the  Records  by  John  Philipot, 
Esq.  Somerset  Herald,  a  devout  Servant  of  the  Royall  Line.  —  Honor,  quid  nisi  Virtus  Cognita  ? 
Cicero  ad  Atticum. — London,  printed  for  Humphrey  Moseley,  1660.'' — This  "  Catalogue,"  which  was 
not  published  till  fifteen  years  after  the  death  of  the  industrious  Compiler,  is  inscribed  by  the 
Bookseller  to  Sir  Edward  Nicholas,  Principal  Secretary  of  Stale  to  King  Charles  II.  j  and  is 
thus  addressed  "To  the  Reader:  "You  have  that  here  which  hath  been  looked  for  above 
these  thirty  yeares,  a  Catalogue  of  all  Knights  made  by  King  James  since  his  comming  to 
this  Crown.  If  you  aske  why  it  staid  so  long,  and  comes  now,  'twas  none  of  our  fault,  but 
the  iniquity  of  the  times  that  obstructed  this  as  well  as  better  things.  And  we  tender  it  now, 
to  shew  the  necessity  and  custome  of  Kings  in  conferring  honours  upon  their  acquest  of  new 
Crownes  or  restauration  to  old.  Next,  that  you  may  see  how  our  gratious  Soveraigne  (in  all  the 
twelve  years  of  his  various  afflictions,  when  he  had  nothing  else  but  honour  to  bestow,)  though 
now  he  hath  reigned  halfe  as  long  as  his  glorious  father,  yet  hath  not  made  a  quarter  so  many  Knights, 
nor  his  father  a  third  part  so  many  as  his  grandfather.  And  yet  King  James  then  saw  it  necessary 
upon  that  change  and  vnion  of  his  people  :  for,  of  2323  Knights  (so  many  there  were  since  he  came 
for  England)  there  were  about  900  made  the  first  yere.  Now  if  you  observe  the  historic  of  those 
dayes,  you'll  find  many  knighted  who  (in  the  time  of  the  late  Queen)  had  shewed  small  affection 
to  that  King  of  peace.  But  he  was  wise,  and  best  knew  how  to  make  up  a  breach.  And  if  any 
of  the  sonnes  of  those  Knights  have  since  forgotten  the  favours  of  King  James,  they  have  now  fresh 
occasion  to  remember  it  in  duty  to  a  Prince  as  mercifull  as  ever  sate  upon  this  Throne,  who  is  now 
so  apparently  the  favorite  of  Heaven,  that  nothing  but  our  ingratitude  can  prevent  our  happinesse. 
'Tis  possible  some  think  they  have  not  preferment  suitable  to  their  merit :  and  if  his  Majesty  had  as 
many  places  to  give  as  subjects  to  receive  them,  yet  some  would  still  think  so.  We  are  all  Adam's 
sonnes,  and  every  man  would  be  greatest ;  'twas  so  among  the  Disciples  themselves,  who  though  they 
were  preferred  before  all  the  world,  yet  some  were  discontented.  And  if  the  King  of  kings  could 
not  satistie  His  favorites,  His  vicegerentes  on  earth  cannot  possibly  hope  for  it.  God  Almighty  grant 
we  may  all  understand  our  present  happinesse.  Farewell." — This  little  Tract  is  now  rare  j  and  Mr. 
Bindley's  copy  of  it  was  sold  for  a  guinea. 

*  This  is  also  an  article  which  the  present  Editor  has  been  anxious  to  supply  by  every  enquiry  where 
information  could  probably  be  obtained. 


55 

A  Narration  of  the  Progresse  and  Entertainment  of  the  King's  most  excellent 
Majestic,  with  the  Occurrents  happening  in  the  same  Journey. 

The  Eternall  Majestie,  in  whose  hand  are  both  the  meane  and  mighty  of  the 
earth,  pleased  to  deliver  from  weaknesse  of  body  and  griefe  of  minde,  Elizabeth 
His  handmaide,  our  late  Royall  Mistresse  and  gracious  Soveraigne,  easing  her  age 
from  the  burthen  of  Earthly  Kingdomes,  and  placing  her  (as  we  stedfastly  hope) 
in  His  Heavenly  Empire,  being  the  resting  place  after  death,  for  all  them  that  be- 
leeve  faithfully  in  their  life.  Thursday  the  24th  of  March,  some  two  houres  after 
midnight,  departed  the  spirit  of  that  great  Princesse,  from  the  prison  of  her 
weake  body,  which  now  sleepes  in  the  sepulchre  of  her  Grandfather.  The 
Counsell  of  State,  and  the  Nobilitie,  on  whom  the  care  of  all  the  Country  chiefly 
depended,  immediately  assembling  together  (no  doubt  assisted  with  the  spirit  of 
truth),  considering  the  infallible  right  of  our  Soveraigne  Lord  King  James,  tooke 
such  order,  that  the  newes  of  the  Cjueene's  death  should  no  sooner  be  spread,  to 
deject  the  hearts  of  the  people,  but  at  the  instant  they  should  be  comforted  with 
the  proclaiming  of  the  King. 

Being  hereon  determined,  Sir  Robert  Carey  tooke  his  journey  in  post  towards 
Scotland,  to  signifie  to  the  King's  Majestie  the  sad  tidings  of  his  Royall  Sister's 
death,  and  the  joy  full  hearts  of  his  subjects,  that  expected  no  comfort  but  in  and 
by  his  Majestie's  blessed  government.  This  noble  Gentleman's  care  was  such,  that 
he  intermitted  no  time;  but  notwithstanding  his  sundry  shift  of  horses,  and  some  falles 
that  bruised  him  very  sore,  he  by  the  way  proclaimed  the  King  at  Morpeth  '  and 
Alnwick2.  And  on  Saturday,  comming  to  Barwick,  acquainting  his  worthy  bro- 
ther Sir  John  Carey  how  all  things  stood,  poasted  on  to  Edenburgh,  where  he 

1  Morpeth,  290  miles  from  London,  and  90  from  Edinburgh,  is  called  "  a  famous  little  town,"  by 
Camden,  who  adds,  "  I  have  no  particulars  from  ancient  history  relative  to  this  place,  except  that  in 
the  year  1215  it  was  burnt  by  its  own  inhabitants  out  of  hatred  to  King  John."  Leland  says,  "  Mor- 
pet,  a  market  (own,  is  12  long  miles  from  Newcastle.  Wansbeke,  a  pretty  river,  runneth  through 
the  side  of  the  town.  On  the  hethar  side  of  the  river  is  the  principal  church  of  the  town.  On  the 
same  side  is  the  fair  Castel  standing  upon  a  hill  longing  with  the  town  to  the  Lord  Dacres  of  Gillcs- 
land.  The  town  is  long,  and  metcly  well  buylded  with  low  houses}  the  streets  pavid.  It  is  a  farfayrer 
town  than  Alenwike."  It  is  a  neat  well-built  borough-town  among  pleasant  woody  hills.  The 
Church  is  on  Kirk-hill,  a  quarter  of  a  mile  from  the  town,  but  a  square  tower  containing  a  good  ring 
of  bells  stands  near  the  market-place. 

1  Alnwick  is  a  market  town  of  Northumberland,  and  an  ancient  borough.  It  was  formerly  girt 
with  a  wall  and  three  gateways,  towers  of  which  still  remain.  Alnwick  Castle,  the  seat  of  the  Duke 
of  Northumberland,  will  be  noticed  by  a  Royal  Visit  in  1617. 


56  THE    LORD    OF    HALTROOD-HOUSE    SENT   TO    BERWICK,   l60$. 

attained  that  night,  having  ridden  neare  300  miles  in  less  than  three  days.  But 
before  we  come  there  you  shall  understand  what  was  instantly  done  at  Barwick 
by  Sir  John  Carey,  upon  the  newes  brought  by  Sir  Robert  his  brother,  who, 
like  a  worthy  Souldier  and  politike  Statesman,  considering  it  was  a  towne  of  great 
import,  and  a  place  of  warre,  he  caused  all  the  Garrison  to  be  summoned  together, 
as  also  the  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Burgesses,  in  whose  presence  he  made  a  short 
and  pithie  Oration,  including  her  Majestie's  death,  and  signifying  the  intent  of  the 
State,  for  submitting  to  their  lawfull  Lord;  and  presently,  with  great  contentment 
of  all  parties,  his  Majestie  was  proclaimed  King  of  England,  Scotland,  France, 
&c.  on  Saterday  in  the  afternoone,  being  the  26th  of  Marche,  about  three  of  the 
clocke ;  where  all  the  people,  though  they  grieved  for  their  late  Queene,  yet  was 
griefe  suddenly  turned  to  pleasure,  in  expectation  of  their  new  King.  But  wee 
will  post  from  Barwick  after  Sir  Robert  Carey,  and  overtake  him  at  Edenburgh. 
You  understood  before,  that  Sir  Robert  came  to  Edenburgh  on  Saturday  night, 
where  being  admitted  to  the  King,  bebloodied  with  great  falles  and  bruses,  brought 
his  Highnesse  the  first  newes  of  Queens  Elizabeth's  death ;  which  howsoever  it 
presented  him  with  Kingdoms,  glory,  and  immensive  wealth,  yet,  like  his  Royall 
selfe,  he  shewed  apparent  signes  of  Princely  sorrow ;  and  dismissing  Sir  Robert 
Carey  after  so  great  toile  to  his  repose,  his  Majestie  continued  in  his  griefe,  and 
through  that  expressed  his  true  pietie.  It  was  thought  necessarie  in  so  high  affaires 
to  let  slip  no  occasion,  however  sorrow  particularly  touched  his  Majestie  for  the 
losse  of  his  private  Friend  and  Royall  Sister;  yet  the  general  care,  as  well  of  those 
his  people  in  Scotland  as  for  us  in  England,  caused  him  on  Sunday,  being  the  2Jth 
of  March,  to  dispatch  the  Bishop  '  of  Halirud  House  to  Barwick,  that  he  might 

1  The  title  of"  Bishop,"  and  that  of  "Abbot"  given  to  the  same  person  by  the  English  Chronicler, 
in  p.  39,  will  be  satisfactorily  explained  by  the  following  extract  from  Mr.  Wood's  very  excellent  con- 
tinuation of  Douglas's  Scottish  Peerage :  Adam  Bothwell  was  preferred  to  the  See  of  Orkney  by 
Queen  Mary,  Oct.  8,  1562,  after  he  had  been  duly  elected  by  the  Chapter;  and  he  was  appointed  a 
Lord  of  Session,  Nov.  13,  1565.  He  was  one  of  the  Bishops  who  embraced  the  Reformation,  and, 
as  he  had  in  his  own  person  the  property  of  the  Bishopriek  of  Orkney,  he  made  an  excambion  of  the 
greater  part  of  it  with  Robert  Stewart,  Abbot  of  Holyrood  House,  for  his  Abbey,  which  was  ratified 
by  a  charter  under  the  great  seal,  Sept.  25,  1569.  He  performed  the  marriage  ceremony  of  the  Queen 
and  the  Earl  of  Bothwell,  according  to  the  rites  of  the  Protestant  Church,  May  15,  1567.  He  had  a 
charter,  to  him  and  James,  his  eldest  son,  of  the  barony  of  Alhammer,  alias  Quhytkirk,  March  11, 
1587,  (from  his  wife,)  and  another  of  Brighouse,  co.  Linlithgow,  August  3,  1592.  Dying  on  the  23d 
of  August  1593,  he  was  buried  in  the  nave  of  the  Abbey  Church  of  Holyrood  House,  where  is  a 
monument  thus  inscribed:  Hie  reconditus  jacet  nobilissimus  vir  Dominus  Adamus  Bothuelius,  Epis- 


RECEPTION    OF   LORD    HOLYROOD-HOUSE    AT   BERWICK,  16*03.  57 

receive  the  Towne  to  his  use,  as  the  nearest  place  wherein  by  right  hee  claymed 
possession,  who  accordingly  making  all  the  speede  he  might,  came  to  Barwick, 
where,  of  the  Goveruour,  he  was  honourably  entertained;  and  after  signifying 
his  Majestie's  pleasure,  reposed  himselfe  for  that  night. 

On  Monday,  being  the  28th  of  March,  by  sound  of  trumpet,  the  Governour, 
Mayor,  Officers,  and  Counsell  of  the  Towne,  were  assembled  at  the  crosse,  where 
there  the  Governour  surrendered  to  the  Bishop  of  Halirud-House  his  staffe,  and 
all  his  authentic  unto  the  King's  Majestie's  use :  so  likewise  did  the  Mayor  deliver 
up  the  keyes  of  the  Towne.  And  the  saide  Bishop  being  thus  seized  of  all  autho- 
ritye  to  the  King's  Majestie's  use,  tninistred  the  oath  of  allegeance  unto  the  Go- 
vernour, Mayor,  and  the  superiour  officers  belonging  to  the  Garrison  of  the  Towne. 
Which  oath  taken,  the  Bishop  of  Halirud-House  expressing  the  gracious  inten- 
tion of  his  Majestie  as  well  to  them  as  all  other  his  subjects  of  England,  whom  he 
found  like  them  affected,  which  was  rather  to  maintaine  than  to  infringe  their 
charters,  to  give  than  to  take  from  them  any  thinge,  re-delivered  the  keyes  and 
staffe  of  authoritie  to  the  Mayor  and  Governour ;  so  likewise  to  every  Coin- 
maunder,  Captaine,  Lieutenant,  and  whatsoever  office  they  had  before  her  Ma- 
jestie's death  ;  there,  in  the  King's  name,  he  confirmed  them,  to  their  great  joy 
and  contentment.  Thus  spent  the  Lord  of  Halirud-House  the  first  part  of  Mon- 
day in  Barwick,  and  dyned  with  the  Magistrates.  In  the  afternoone  the  Lord 

copus  Orcadum  et  Zetlandis,  et  Comiuendatorius  Monasteries  Sanctae  Crucis,  Senator  et  Consiliarius 
Regis,  qui  obiit  anno  actatis  67.  23  August,  1593. 

Nate  Senatoris  inagni,  magne  ipse  Senator, 

Magni  Senatoris,  triplici  laude,  parens,  &c. 

John  Bothwell,  his  eldest  son,  designed  of  Alhammer,  had  charters  to  John  Bothwell,  eldest  legiti- 
mate son  of  Adam,  Bishop  of  Orkney,  "  Provisio  ad  Ahbaciam  de  Holyrood-House,  cum  terris  dominiis, 
ecclesiis,  dccitnis  molendinis,  &c.  ad  dictam  abbaciam  spectantibus,"  8th  December  1562;  "  ct  bene- 
ficium  ad  Abbaciam  de  Holyrood  House,  cum  omnibus  commoditatibus,  &c.  ad  dictum  beneficium 
cpectantibus,"  July  11,  1593.  He  was,  on  his  father's  resignation,  appointed  a  Lord  of  Session,  July 
2,  ]  593 ;  was  sworn  of  the  Privy  Council  to  King  James  VI.  whom  he  accompanied  to  England  in 
1603.  He  was  created  a  Peer,  by  the  title  of  Lord  of  Holyrud-Hous,  by  charter  dated  at  Whitehall, 
Dec.  20,  1607,  erecting  the  lands  and  baronies  of  Dunrod,  Meikle,  and  Little  Kirklands,  in  the 
stewartry  of  Kirkcudbright ;  Alhammer,  otherwise  VVhitekirk,  in  the  county  of  Haddington ;  the 
monastery  of  Holyrud-House,  &c.  into  a  free  temporal  lordship,  to  him  and  the  heirs  male  of  his 
body;  which  failing,  to  the  heirs  and  assigns  whatsoever.  He  died  in  November  1609,  leaving,  by 
Mary  his  wife,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Carmichael,  of  Carmichael,  with  whom  he  got  12,000  mark? 
of  portion,  a  son  John,  second  Lord  Holyrood-House,  who  was  served  heir  to  his  father,  Jan.  1  7, 
1629,  and  died  unmarried  1635. 

VOL.  I.  i 


58  THE  KING'S  PREPARATION  FOR  HIS  JOURNEY,  1603. 

Governour,  and  his  chiefe  Officers  of  Place,  called  together  all  the  souldiers  that 
were  under  pay ;  so  did  the  Mayor  and  Aldermen  convene  all  the  communaltie 
of  the  Towne ;  to  whom,  when  the  oath  was  read,  and  the  Magistrates  had  certi- 
fied them  that  they  had  beene  their  example,  the  Lord  of  Halirud-House  won- 
dered at,  and  much  commended  their  joy  and  readinesse  to  be  sworne  servants  to 
so  Regall  a  Maister,  which  he  amply  discoursed  to  his  Majestie  at  his  returne  to 
Edenburgh  the  next  day,  not  hyding  any  of  their  forward  applauses,  but  delivered 
their  willingnesse  to  his  Highnesse  with  expresse  and  lively  words ;  assuring  him 
by  his  entrance  into  England  at  that  little  doore,  how  welcome  into  the  wide 
house  his  Excellence  should  be.  While  this  was  a  doing  in  Barwick,  there  drewe 
to  the  King  hourly  most  of  the  Nobilitie  in  Scotland,  with  sundry  Knights  and 
Gentlemen,  gratulating  the  great  blessings  befallen  his  Highnesse,  and  attending 
his  Royall  pleasure.  Besides,  many  numbers  of  Gentlemen  came  out  of  England 
to  salute  his  Majestie,  all  whom  he  graciously  welcommed,  and  honoured  one  of 
them  with  the  Order  of  Knighthood,  being  Mr.  John  Paiton,  sonne  to  Sir  John 
Paiton,  Lieutenant  of  the  Tower  of  London  ;  this  being  to  that  noble  Gentleman 
no  little  glory  that  he  was  the  first  Knight  (yea,  named  by  the  King's  Majestie 
himselfe  "  his  first  Knight")  that  was  made  by  our  Soveraigne  after  he  was  nomi- 
nated, and  truly  knowne  to  be  the  mightiest  King  in  Europe. 

During  the  continuance  of  his  Majestie  in  Scotland,  before  his  Progresse  towards 
England,  his  whole  care  was  for  the  peaceable  government  of  that  Realme,  from 
which  he  was  awhile  to  part.  And  to  that  end  he  had  sundry  conferences  with 
his  Nobilitie,  laying  the  safest  projects  that  in  his  wisdome  and  their  experiences 
seemed  likely  for  effecting  his  Royall  desire ;  whiche,  God  willing,  will  come  to 
passe,  to  his  greate  liking  and  benefite  of  bothe  the  Realmes.  But  that  it  might 
more  to  his  people  appeare,  he  in  person  came  graciously  to  the  Citie  of  Eden- 
burgh,  unto  the  publike  Sermon  l;  and  after  the  Sermon  was  finished,  in  a  most 
learned,  but  more  loving  Oration,  he  expressed  his  occasion  of  leaving  them,  to 

1  "  Before  James's  departure,  he  went  to  St.  Giles's  Church,  there,  as  it  were,  to  bid  a  solemn  fare- 
well to  his  people.  The  congregation  assembled  on  so  singular  an  occasion,  was  extremely  numer- 
ous." Spottiswoode's  History,  p.  476. 

"  The  Minister  preached  an  exhortatory  discourse,  which  the  King  took  in  good  part ;  and  when 
it  was  concluded,  his  Majesty,  observing  the  people  to  be  exceedingly  affected,  addressed  them  in  the 
warmest  language  of  friendship,  requesting  them  not  to  be  dejected  at  his  leaving  them,  since,  as  his 
power  to  serve  them  was  increased,  his  inclinations,  he  assured  them,  were  not  diminished." 

Arnot's  Edinburgh,  p.  49. 


THE    KING    PROCLAIMED   AT   EDINBURGH,   l60$.  5y 

the  Burgesses  and  a  number  of  the  people,  exhorting  them  to  continue  in  obe- 
dience, being  the  Body  that  binde  Princes  to  affect  their  Subjects,  which  broken 
on  their  part  he  trusted  should  never  be,  and  of  his  they  were  assured;  persuading 
them  also  to  agreement  amongst  themselves,  being  the  bond  of  charitie  that  tyed  all 
men  (especially  Christians)  to  love  and  beare  one  with  another.  In  which  obedience 
to  him,  and  agreement  amongst  themselves  if  they  continued,  howsoever  he  was 
in  a  manner  at  that  time  constrained  to  leave  them,  yet  he  would  in  his  owne  per- 
son visite  them,  and  that  shortly,  in  times  convenient,  and  most  necessarie  for  his 
owne  advancement  and  their  benefite1.  Yet,  for  all  his  Kingly  Oratorie,  milde 
behaviour,  and  true  intention,  the  people's  hearts  against  his  departure  were  even 
dead,  and  griefe  seized  every  private  man's  raynes,  saving  onely  those  that  were 
made  happy  by  attending  his  Royall  Person  into  England.  For  now  they  began 
duly  to  thinke  upon  his  unmatched  virtues,  which  never  the  most  malicious  ene- 
mie  could  impeach,  being  in  the  world's  eie  innocent  of  any  capital!  and  noto- 
rious crime,  but  such  as  may  be  incident  to  any  just  man,  who  dayly  fall,  hut 
never  fall  away.  They  now  considered  his  affabilitie,  mercie,  justice,  and  mag- 
nanimitie;  they  remembred  how  in  late  yeares  Scotland,  by  his  government,  hud 
increased  in  more  riches  than  in  the  time  of  many  his  Predecessors.  Besides, 
his  care  for  establishing  true  Religion,  his  traffique  almost  with  all  nations,  the 
Royaltie  of  his  Marriage,  the  blessings  hoped  for  by  his  Issue;  and  such  an  uni- 
versall  sorrow  was  amongst  them,  that  some  of  the  meaner  sort  spake  even  dis- 
tractedly, and  none  but  at  his  departing  (which  yet  we  are  not  come  unto)  expressed 
such  sorrow,  as  in  that  Nation  hath  seldom  bin  scene  the  like.  Albeit,  the  King's 
Majestic  was  possessed  of  that  which  the  common  sort  of  the  Nation  long  wished 
for,  I  meant-  the  Kingdome. 

The  3 1st  of  March,  being  Thursday,  his  Majestic  with  great  solemnitie  and 
pompe  was  proclaimed  King  of  England,  Scotland,  Fraunce,  and  Ireland,  at  the 
Market  Crosse  of  Edenbrugh,  in  presence  of  the  whole  Officers  of  Estate  of  the 
Realm,  and  many  of  the  Nobilitie  of  Scotland,  and  sundry  Knights  and  Gentle- 
men of  England.  And  in  the  evening  of  that  day  there  were  many  hundreds  of 
bonefires  made  all  about  the  Citie,  with  great  feasting  and  merriment  held,  till  the 
appearing  of  the  next  day.  But  as  joyfull  as  they  were  of  his  Majestie's  great 
advancement  and  enlarging  of  his  Empire,  so  were  they  (as  I  before  noted)  for 
their  private  want  of  him  no  lesse  filled  with  griefe,  as  above  all  other  times  was 

1  He  did  not,  however,  visit  Scotland  till  the  year  1617,  and  then  for  the  last  time. 


60  THE  KING'S  DEPARTURE  FROM  EDINBURGH,  1603. 

most  apparently  expressed  at  his  departure  from  Edenburgh  towards  England. 
The  cries  of  the  poore  people  being  so  lamentable  and  confused,  that  it  moved 
his  Majestic  to  much  compassion  ;  yet  seeing  their  clamors  was  only  of  affection, 
and  not  grounded  on  reason,  with  many  gracious  and  loving  words  he  left  them, 
and  proceeded  on  his  Progresse  l. 

It  was  the  fifth  of  April,  being  Tuesday,  that  his  Majestie  departed  from  Eden- 
burgh,  gallantly  accompanied  with  multitudes  of  his  Nobility,  Lords,  Barons,  and 
Gentlemen  of  Scotland,  and  some  French,  as  the  French  Ambassadour,  being  Leger 
in  Scotland  (whose  wife  was  carried  betwixt  Edenburgh  and  London  by  eight 
pioners  or  porters,  one  foure  to  relieve  the  other  foure  by  turnes,  carrying  her  in 
a  chare  with  slings) ;  as  also  his  Majestie,  being  accompanied  with  his  own  attend- 

1  "  On  the  5th  of  April  the  King  began  his  journey  with  a  splendid,  but  not  a  numerous  train,  and  next 
day  he  entered  Berwick.  Wherever  he  came,  immense  multitudes  were  assembled  to  welcome  him, 
and  the  principal  persons,  in  the  different  counties  through  which  he  passed,  displayed  all  their  wealth 
and  magnificence  in  entertainments  prepared  for  him  at  their  houses.  Elizabeth  had  reigned  so  long 
in  England,  that  most  of  her  subjects  remembered  no  other  Court  but  her's ;  and  their  notions  of 
the  manners  and  decorums  suitable  to  a  Prince  were  formed  upon  what  they  had  observed  there.  It 
was  natural  to  apply  this  standard  to  the  behaviour  and  actions  of  their  new  Monarch,  and  to  com- 
pare him,  at  first  sight,  with  the  Queen,  on  whose  throne  he  was  to  be  placed.  James,  whose  manners 
were  extremely  different  from  hers,  suffered  by  the  comparison.  He  had  not  that  flowing  affability  by 
which  Elizabeth  captivated  the  hearts  of  her  people  ;  and  though  easy  among  a  few  that  he  loved,  his 
indolence  could  not  bear  the  fatigue  of  rendering  himself  agreeable  to  a  mixed  multitude.  He  was 
no  less  a  stranger  to  that  dignity  with  which  Elizabeth  tempered  her  familiarity.  And  instead  of  that 
well-judged  frugality,  with  which  she  conferred  titles  of  honour,  he  bestowed  them  with  an  undis- 
tinguishing  profusion  that  rendered  them  no  longer  marks  of  distinction  or  rewards  of  merit.  But 
these  were  the  reflections  of  the  few  alone ;  the  multitude  continued  their  acclamations  ;  and  amidst 
these,  James  entered  London  on  the  7th  of  May,  and  took  peaceable  possession  of  the  throne  of 
England."  Robertson's  History  of  Scotland. 

The  entrance  of  James  I.  into  England  is  thus  described  in  the  "  History  of  Great  Britain,  con- 
taining the  Life  and  Reign  of  King  James  the  First.  By  Arthur  Wilson,  Esq."  folio,  1652: 

"  But  our  King  coming  through  the  North  (banqueting  and  feasting  by  the  way)  the  applause  of 
the  people  in  so  obsequious  and  submissive  a  manner  (still  admiring  change)  was  checkt  by  an  honest 
plain  Scotsman  (unused  to  hear  such  humble  acclamations)  with  a  prophetical  expression  :  "  this  peo- 
ple will  spoyl  a  gude  King."  The  King  as  unused,  so  tired  with  multitudes,  especially  in  his  hunting 
(which  he  did  as  he  went),  caused  an  inhibition  to  be  published,  to  restrain  the  people  from  hunting 
him.  Happily,  being  fearfull  of  so  great  a  concourse  as  this  novelty  produced,  the  old  hatred  betwixt 
the  borderers,  not  yet  forgotten,  might  make  him  apprehend  it  to  be  of  a  greater  extent ;  though 
it  was  generally  imputed  to  a  desire  of  enjoying  his  recreations  without  interruptions." 


THE    KING'S   DEPARTURE    FROM    EDINBURGH,   l603-  6'l 

ants,  as  the  Duke  of  Lennox  *,  the  Earle  of  Argyle2,  the  Earle  of  Murrey  3,  the 
Earle  of  Cassils4,  the  Earle  of  Mar5,  the  Lorde  Home6,  the  Lorde  Oliphant7, 
and  sundry  other  too  tedious  in  this  place  to  be  repeated,  for  that  their  several  I 

1  See  before,  p.  3«. 

1  Archibald  Campbell  seventh  Duke  of  Argyll,  succeeded  to  the  title  in  1594;  being  then  under 
age.  He  died  at  London  in  1636,  aged  about  6B. 

*  James  Stewart  second  Earl  of  Moray,  succeeded  to  the  title  in  1591-2  on  the  death  of  hi» 
father,  who  had-been  murdered  by  the  Marquis  of  Huntley  and  his  associates.  By  the  King's  special 
mediation  and  appointment,  the  young  Earl  was  reconciled  to  the  Marquis,  and  married  to  the  Lady 
Anne  Gordon  his  daughter.  The  King's  care  and  prudence  in  this  matter  was  much  approved  and 
highly  commended  by  the  people,  as  the  animosities  betwixt  the  two  families,  which  had  occasioned 
much  bloodshed,  was  thereby  put  an  end  to.  Accompanying  the  King  to  London  in  1603,  he  got  a 
new  investiture  of  the  whole  Earldom  of  Moray.  Dying  at  Darnawny,  August  6,  1638,  he  wa» 
buried  next  day  in  the  Church  of  Dyke,  without  any  pomp,  according  to  his  own  direction. 

4  James  Kennedy,  fifth  Earl  of  Cassilis,  succeeded  to  the  title  on  the  death  of  his  father  in  1576 ; 
but,  being  then  very  young,  was  placed  under  the  guardianship  of  his  uncle,  Thomas  Kennedy.     He 
was  constituted  High  Treasurer  of  Scotland   1599;  but  was,  the  same  year,  removed  from  that 
office,  with  the  loss  of  40,OOO  marks,  which  he  had  advanced  for  it.     He  died  in  October  1615. 

5  Who  will  be  noticed  in  a  subsequent  page.  '  See  before,  p.  35. 

7  Laurence  Oliphant,  fifth  Lord  Oliphant,  was  born  March  24,  1583  ;  and  was  served  heir  to  his 
grandfather  (who  died  in  1593)  June  14,  1604,  and  July  2,  1G05,  in  his  extensive  estates  in  the 
counties  of  Caithness,  Edinburgh,  Fife,  Forfar,  Haddington,  Kincardine,  and  Perth,  most  of  which 
he  dissipated.  He  had  charters  of  the  barony  of  Aberdalgy,  to  him  and  Lady  Ruthven  his  wife,  Jan. 
28,  1607  ;  and  of  the  barony  of  Carbery  in  Perthshire,  March  14,  1618.  He  married  Lilias  Drurn- 
mond,  eldest  daughter  of  James  first  Lord  Maderly;  by  whom  he  had  a  daughter  Anne,  married  to 
James  Douglas,  of  Mordington.  She  was  served  heir  to  Laurence  Lord  Oliphant,  her  grandfather, 
Jan.  18,  1631,  by  the  title  of  "  Domina  Anna  Oliphant,  sponsa  Domini  Jacobi  Douglas  de  Mording- 
ton, militis."  It  appears  that  Lord  Oliphant,  conceiving  that  the  Peerage  would  go  to  his  daughter, 
and  wishing  to  preserve  it  in  the  male  line,  resigned  his  honouis  and  estates  in  favour  of  Patrick  Oli- 
phant, his  heir  male;  but,  the  settlement  not  having  been  ratified  by  the  Crown,  Anne  Oliphant,  his 
daughter,  asserted  her  pretensions  to  both  before  the  Court  of  Session.  King  Charles  I.  was  present 
in  Court,  llth  July  1C33,  at  the  determination  of  this  cause;  and  it  was  there  found,  that  the  deed 
by  which  Lord  Oliphant  had  disposed  of  his  honours,  barred  the  succession  of  his  daughter,  but  did 
not  vest  the  Peerage  in  the  person  to  whom  they  were  conveyed,  and  that  Anne  Oliphant  had  no  right 
to  it.  Both  the  heir  male  and  heir  female  were  excluded  by  this  decision,  and  the  dignity  was  de- 
clared to  be  at  the  disposal  of  the  King,  who,  according  to  Sir  James  Dalrymple,  determined  that  the 
heir  male  should  have  the  title  of  Lord  Oliphant,  and  that  Sir  James  Douglas,  husband  of  Anne 
Oliphant,  should  be  called  Lord  Mordingtoun,  with  the  precedency  of  Lord  Oliphant.  The  heir  male, 
on  whom  the  King  thus  conferred  the  title  of  Lord  Oliphant,  was  son  of  John  Oliphant,  of  \ewland, 
second  son  of  Laurence,  fourth  Lord  Oliphant,  who  had  the  designation  of  Master  of  Oliphant. 

Douglas's  Peerage,  by  Wood,  vol.  II.  p.  334. 


62  THE   KING   AT   DUNGLASS,   AND   AT   BERWICK,  16*03. 

names  shall  hereafter  be  more  particularly  expressed1.  Besides,  there  were  in  his 
Highnes'  traine  many  numbers  of  gallant  and  well  appointed  English  Knights 
and  Gentlemen,  who  attended  his  Majestie  that  day  from  Edenburgh  unto  Dun- 
glasse2,  a  house  of  the  Lord  Home's,  where  his  Excellence  reposed  himselfe 
that  night. 

Wednesday  the  6'th  of  April,  his  Majestie  progressed  from  Dunglasse  towards 
Barwicke,  having  then  attending  on  him  many  more  Noblemen,  Knights,  and 
Gentlemen,  besides  the  Lords  Wardens  of  the  Borders  of  England  and  Scotland, 
attended  by  the  Borderers,  with  severall  companies  to  receive  him  ;  the  Lord  Go- 
vernour  of  Barwick  also  being  accompanied  with  all  the  Counsell  of  Warre,  the 
Constables  with  their  Cornets  of  horse,  and  divers  of  the  Captaines,  the  Band  of 
Gentlemen  Pensioners,  with  divers  Gentlemen,  advanced  forward  to  entertaine 
and  conduct  his  Majestie  into  the  Towne  of  Barwick  3.  Happy  day,  when  peace- 
ably so  many  warlike  English  Gentlemen  went  to  bring  in  an  English  and  Scottish 
King,  both  included  in  one  person,  into  that  Towne  that  many  a  hundred  years 
hath  bin  a  Town  of  the  Enemie,  or  at  the  least  held  in  all  leagues  either  for  one 

1  Keith,  in  his  "  Catalogue  of  Scotch  Bishops,"  informs  us  that  "  the  King  was  accompanied  into 
England  by  David  Lindesay,  Bishop  of  Ross,  John  Spottiswood,  Bishop  of  Glasgow,  and  Peter  Rol- 
lock,  titular  Bishop  of  Dunkeld." 

8  The  House  of  Dunglass  stands  on  the  West  side  of  a  small  river,  which  divides  East  Lothian 
from  the  county  of  Berwick.  The  banks  of  the  river  are  steep,  and  covered  with  uncommonly  fine 
wood,  through  which  a  variety  of  agreeable  walks  are  cut,  and  kept  in  good  repair.  The  Castle  of 
Dunglass  is  frequently  mentioned  in  Scottish  history.  It  was  again  visited  by  the  King  in  1617, 
under  which  year  it  will  be  more  particularly  noticed  in  the  Second  Volume. 

3  Berwick  is  a  borough  of  great  antiquity,  the  access  to  it  is  by  a  fine  stone  bridge  over  the  river 
Tweed.     A  bridge  of  wood  was  carried  away  by  the  floods  in  119S,  of  which  Leland  says,  "it  brake 
with  great  force  of  water,  bycause  the  arches  were  low ;  and  after  making  of  it,  as  it  was  then,  it 
durid  scars  ix  yeres.     A.  D.I  198,  hoc  tempore  ponte  de  Berwic  inundatione  asportata,  Philippus 
Episcopus  prohibuit  ne  pontem  resedificarent,  nam  altera  pars  ripae  terra  erat  Dunelmensis  Episcopi. 
Tandem  tamen  pons  refectus  rogante  Gul.  de  Stoteville."     This  objection  was  removed  on  renewing 
some  terms  of  convention  stipulated  in  the  time  of  Philip's  predecessor,   see  Hoveden,  p.  796,  who 
however  does  not  mention  what  these  terms  were.     It  was  re-edified  of  wood  by  William  King  of 
Scotland,  of  which  material  it  consisted  till  the  time  of  James  I.  who  commenced  the  present  ele- 
gant structure  of  stone;  it  has  fifteen  arches;  its  whole  length  being  389  yards,  and  its  breadth  17 
feet.     It  was  24  years,  four  months,  and  four  days  in  building,  and  was  finished  Oct.  24,  1634.     It  was 
built  by   Mr.  James  Burrell   and   Mr.   Launcelot  Branxton,   and  cost  Government  the  sum  of 
3^14,960.  Is.  6d.    The  ^10,000  paid  to  the  Crown  for  confirmation  of  the  will  of  Thomas  Sutton, 
Founder  of  the  Charter-house,  was  applied  towards  re-building  this  edifice. 


THE    KING'S    RECEPTION    AT    BERWICK,   160$.  63 

Nation  or  the  other.  But  the  King  of  Peace  have  glory,  that  so  peaceably  hath 
ordained,  a  King  descended  from  the  Royall  Blood  of  either  Nation,  to  make 
that  Towne,  by  his  possessing  it,  a  harbour  for  English  and  Scots,  without  thought 
of  wrong,  or  grudging  envie. 

Not  to  digresse  any  longer,  these  Gallants  met  him,  and  were  graciously  respected 
of  his  Highnesse;  so,  falling  in  among  the  other  trophees,  they  set  forward  ;  and 
when  his  Highnesse  came  within  some  halfe  mile  of  the  Towne,  and  began  to  take 
viewe  thereof,  it  suddenly  seemed  like  an  enchanted  castle;  for  from  the  mouths 
of  dreadfull  engins,  not  long  before  full  fed  by  moderate  artesmen,  that  knew  how 
to  stop  and  emptie  the  brasse  and  iron  panches  of  those  roring  noises,  came  such 
a  tempest,  as  deathfull,  and  sometimes  more  dreadfull  than  thunder,  that  all  the 
ground  thereabout  trembled  as  in  an  earthquake,  the  houses  and  towers  staggering, 
wrapping  the  whole  Towne  in  a  mantle  of  smoake,  wherein  the  same  was  awhile 
hid  from  the  sight  of  its  Royall  Owner.  But  nothing  violent  can  be  permanent, 
it  was  too  hote  to  last ;  and  yet  I  have  heard  it  credibly  reported,  that  a  better  peale 
of  ordinance  was  never  in  any  souldiers  memorie  (and  there  are  some  olde  King 
Harrie's  lads  in  Barwick,  I  can  tell  you)  discharged  in  that  place;  neither  was  it 
very  strange,  for  no  man  can  remember  Barwick  honoured  with  the  approach 
of  so  powerfull  a  Maister.  Well,  the  King  is  now  very  neere  the  gates,  and  as 
all  darknesse  flyes  before  the  face  of  the  sunne,  so  did  these  clouds  of  smoake  and 
gunpowder  vanish  at  his  gracious  approach  ;  in  the  clearnes  of  which  faire  time 
issued  out  of  the  Towne  Mr.  William  Selbie,  Gentleman  Porter  of  Barwick,  with 
divers  Gentlemen  of  good  repute,  and  humbling  himselfe  before  the  King's  Ma- 
jestie,  presented  unto  him  the  keyes  of  all  the  ports,  who  received  them  graciously; 
and  when  his  Highnes  was  entred  betwixt  the  gates,  he  restored  to  the  said  Mr. 
Selbie  the  keyes  againe,  and  graced  him  with  the  honor  of  Knighthood  for  this 
his  especiall  service,  in  that  he  was  the  first  man  that  possessed  his  excellence  of 
those  keyes;  Berwick  indeed  being  the  gate  that  opened  into  all  his  dominions. 
This  done,  his  Highnesse  entered  the  second  gate;  and  being  within  both  the  walles, 
he  was  received  by  the  Captaine  of  the  Ward,  and  so  passed  through  a  double  Guarde 
of  Souldiers,  well  armed  in  all  points;  but  with  lookes  humble,  and  words  cheer- 
full,  they  gave  his  Majestic  to  know,  their  hearts  witnessed  that  their  armes  were 
worne  only  to  be  used  in  his  Royall  service.  Betweene  this  Guarde  his  Majestie 
passed  on  to  the  Market-crosse,  where  the  Maior  and  his  Brethen  received  him 


64  THE  KING'S  RECEPTION  AT  BERWICK,  1603. 

with  no  small  signes  of  joy,  and  such  signes  of  triumph  as  the  brevitie  of  time 
for  the  preparation  would  admit.  But  the  common  people  seemed  so  overwrapt 
with  his  presence,  that  they  omitted  nothing  their  power  and  capacities  could 
attaine  unto,  to  expresse  loyall  dutie  and  heartie  affection;  kneeling,  shouting, 
crying,  "  Welcome,"  and  "  God  save  King  James,"  till  they  were  (in  a  manner) 
intreated  to  be  silent.  As  soone  as  it  pleased  the  people  to  give  him  leave  that 
he  might  speake,  Mr.  Parkinson,  the  Recorder  of  Barwick,  beeing  a  man  grave 
and  reverend,  made  a  briefe  Speech  to  his  Majestie,  acknowledging  him  their  sole 
and  Soveraigne  Lord,  to  whom  (in  the  Towne's  name)  he  surrendered  their  charter, 
presenting  his  Highnesse  also  from  them  with  a  purse  of  gold,  which,  as  an  offer- 
ing of  their  love,  he  graciously  received  ;  and  for  their  charter  he  answered  them 
most  benign  and  royally,  that  it  should  bee  continued,  and  that  he  would  main- 
taine  their  privileges,  and  uphold  them  and  theire  Towne  in  all  equitie,  by  reason 
it  was  the  principall  and  first  place  honoured  with  his  mightie  and  most  gracious 
person.  These  ceremonies  amongst  the  Townesmen  ended,  as  his  usuall  manner 
is  after  any  journey,  his  Majesty  passed  to  the  Church,  there  to  humble  himselfe 
before  theExalter  of  the  humble,  and  thanke  Him  for  the  benefites  bestowed  upon 
him  and  all  his  people ;  at  which  time  preached  before  him  the  Reverend  Father 
in  God  Doctor  Tobie  Mathew ',  Bishop  of  Durham,  who  made  a  most  learned 

1  Tobias  Matthew  was  born  at  Bristol.  He  was  first  educated  at  Wells,  and  at  13  became  a  Student 
at  Christ  Church  Oxford  in  1559 ;  B.  A.  1563 ;  M.  A.  1566,  about  which  time  he  took  holy  orders  ; 
elected  in  1569  Public  Orator;  Canon  of  Christ  Church  157O,  and  in  the  same  year  Archdeacon  of 
Bath  ;  Prebendary  of  Salisbury  1572  ;  President  of  St.  John's  College,  Oxford,  and  Chaplain  to  the 
Queen  j  B.  and  D.  D.  1573  •,  Dean  of  Christ  Church  15"6 ;  (and  then  obtained  from  Camden  the  distin- 
guished character  of  Theologus  praestantissimus,  who  says,  that  in  him,  "doctrina  cum  pietate  et  ars  cum 
natura  certant ;  virtutum  et  pietatis  ornamentis  erudita  facundia,  et  docendi  assiduitate  reverendis- 
sunum  existere ;")  Vice-chancellor  of  Oxford  1579 ;  Precentor  of  Salisbury  June  1563 ;  Dean  of 
Durham  in  September  following,  being  then  37  years  of  age  ;  Rector  of  Bishop  Wearmouth  1590, 
and  Bishop  of  Durham  1594.  In  January  1603  he  was  at  the  famous  conference  at  Hampton  Court, 
of  which  he  gave  an  account  at  large  to  Archbishop  Hutton.  Bishop  Matthew  demised  to  King  James 
the  Castle,  &c.  of  Norham,  Norhamshire,  and  Elandshire,  which  was  confirmed  by  the  Dean  and 
Chapter  on  the  2d  of  April  1604,  and  got  some  abatement  in  the  payment  made  from  the  See  to 
Berwick,  and  restitution  of  Durham  House  in  London.  He  was,  in  1606,  translated  to  York,  which 
dignity  he  enjoyed  till  his  death  at  Cawood,  March  29,  1628,  and  was  buried  in  his  Cathedral  at  York, 
where  he  has  a  long'Latin  epitaph ;  his  monument  is  of  black  and  white  marble,  and  represents  his  effi- 
gies incumbent  in  full  proportion  in  his  archiepiscopal  robes. 

Strype,  in  his  Annals,  vol.  II.  p.  347,  speaks  of  him  thus :  "  A  great  Preacher,  and  a  pious  holy 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   AT   BSRWICK,   1603.  6j 

and  worthy  Sermon  ;  which  finished,  the  King  departed  to  his  Pallace,  and  then 
they  gave  him  a  peale  of  great  ordinance,  more  hottc  than  before ;  Barwick  having 
never  had  King  to  rest  within  her  walles  welnie  these  hundredth  yeares.  The 
night  was  quickly  overpast,  especially  with  the  Townesmen,  that  never  in  a  night 
thought  themselves  securer ;  but  the  journey  of  the  houres  are  alwayes  one,  how- 
ever they  are  made  long  or  short  by  the  apprehension  of  joy,  or  sufferance  of 
griefe.  The  morning's  sun  chased  away  the  clouds  of  sleepe  from  every  eye, 
which  the  more  willingly  opened,  that  they  might  be  comforted  with  the  sight  of 
their  beloved  Soveraigne,  who  in  his  estate  (attended  upon  by  the  Governour  and 
the  Noblemen,  together  with  the  Magistrates  and  Officers  of  the  Towne)  passed 
to  the  Church,  where  he  stayed  the  divine  Prayers  and  Sermon;  which  when 
with  his  wonted  humilitie  he  had  heard  finished,  in  the  like  estate  he  returned  to 
his  Pallace. 

This  day,  being  Thursday  the  ~th  of  April,  his  Majestic  ascended  the  walles, 
whereupon  all  the  Canoniers  and  other  Officers  belonging  to  the  great  ordinance 
stood,  every  one  in  his  place;  the  Captaines,  with  their  bands  of  Souldiera,  like- 

mnn.  This  venerable  Prelate  first  entered  into  orders  by  the  motion  and  counsel!  of  Dr.  Calfhill,  a 
learned  Dignitary  of  the  Church  in  those  times,  and  his  cousin ;  though  his  father  and  mother,  per- 
sons of  good  qunlity,  who  seemed  to  be  disaffected  to  religion,  were  not  inclinable  thereto,  as  I  have  seen 
in  a  letter  of  the  said  Calfhill,  soon  after  written  to  Sir  William  Cecil,  that  he  was  bound  by  all  honest 
means  to  prefer  his  cousin,  as  well  in  respect  of  his  rare  abilities,  as  also  for  that  he  had  followed  his 
advice  in  entering  into  the  Ministry,  against  the  good  will  of  his  father  and  mother,  and  other  his 
able  friends.  Matthew  was  soon  sent  for  to  Court  by  the  Earl  of  Leicester,  having  been  recommended 
to  him  by  his  said  kinsman ;  as  also  the  said  Secretary  Cecil,  who,  by  soliciting  the  Queen,  obtained 
for  him  the  Deanry  of  Durham,  though  she  stuck  a  good  while  because  of  his  youth  and  his  marriage. 
When  he  departed  from  Court  to  Durham,  Cecil  (now  Lord  Burleigh)  according  to  his  grave  and 
godly  way,  gave  him  much  good  counsel  for  his  wise  and  good  behaviour  of  himself,  and  discharging 
of  his  duty  in  that  place ;  and  the  next  year  sent  him  a  Letter  of  the  same  import,  by  Mr.  Tonstal 
going  down  thither." 

"  From  1583  to  the  -23d  Sunday  after  Trinity,  in  the  year  1622,  he  kept  an  account  of  all  the 
Sermons  he  preached,  the  time  when,  the  text  what,  and  if  any  at  Court,  or  before  any  of  the  prime 
Nobility,  by  which  it  appeal's,  that  he  preached,  while  Dean  of  Durham  721,  while  Bishop  of  Dur- 
ham 55O,  and  while  Archbishop  of  York  to  the  time  above-mentioned  721,  in  all  1992  Sermons,  and 
amongst  them  several  extempore.  This  Prelate  certainly  thought  preaching  to  be  the  most  indispen- 
sible  part  of  his  duty  ;  for  in  the  diary  before  quoted,  wherein,  at  the  end  of  each  year,  he  sets  down 
how  many  Sermons  he  had  preached,  at  the  end  of  the  year  1619,  sum.  ser.  32,  eheu !  An.  159O, 
sum.  ser.  35,  eheu  !  An.  1621,  sore  afflicted  with  the  rheume  and  coughe  diverse  months  together, 
so  that  I  never  could  preach  until  Easter-daye.  The  Lord  forgive  me  !"  Le  Neve,  pp.  105,  111. 

Some  anecdotes  of  his  cheerful  disposition  and  sharpness  of  wit  shall  be  given  in  p.  74. 

VOL.  I.  K 


66  THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  AT  BERWICK,  1603. 

wise  under  their  severall  colours.  Amongst  which  warlike  traine  as  his  Majestic 
was  very  pleasant  and  gracious,  so  to  shew  instance  how  much  he  loved  and  re- 
spected the  art  militarie,  he  made  a  shot  himselfe  out  of  a  canon,  so  faire,  and  with 
such  signe  of  experience,  that  the  most  expert  Gunners  there  beheld  it,  not  with- 
out admiration  :  and  there  was  none  of  judgement  present,  but  without  flattery 
gave  it  just  commendation.  Of  no  little  estimation  did  the  Gunners  account 
themselves  in  after  this  kingly  shot;  but  his  Majestic,  above  all  vertues,  in  tem- 
perance most  excellent,  left  that  part  of  the  wall  and  their  extraordinary  applause; 
but,  being  attended  by  his  Nobilitie  both  of  Scotland  and  England  (the  Lord 
Henry  Howard1,  Brother  to  the  late  Duke  of  Norfolke,  and  the  Lord  Cob- 

'  The  Lord  Henry  Howard,  younger  Brother  of  Thomas  fourth  Duke  of  Norfolk,  was  born  at 
Shottisham  in  Norfolk  about  1539  ;  bred  at  King's  College,  and  afterwards  at  Trinity  Hall  in  Cam- 
bridge, where  he  took  the  degree  of  M.  A.  to  which  he  was  also  admitted  at  Oxford  1568.  Bishop 
Godwin  says,  his  reputation  for  literature  was  so  great  in  the  University,  that  he  was  esteemed  "  the 
learnedest  among  the  nobility,  and  the  most  noble  among  the  learned."  He  was  probably  very  slen- 
derly provided  for,  being  often  obliged,  as  Loyd  records,  "  to  dine  with  the  chair  of  Duke  Humphry." 
However,  he  contrived  to  spend  some  years  in  travel ;  but  on  his  return  could  obtain  no  favour  at 
Court,  at  least  till  the  latter  end  of  Queen  Elizabeth's  reign,  which  was  probably  owing  to  his  con- 
nexions. In  1597  it  seems  as  if  he  was  in  some  power  (perhaps  only  the  influence  of  his  friend  Lord 
Essex),  because  Rowland  White  applied  to  him  concerning  Sir  Robert  Sidney's  suits  at  Court.  He 
was  the  grossest  of  flatterers,  as  appears  by  his  letters  to  his  patron  and  friend  Lord  Essex.  But  while 
he  professed  the  most  unbounded  friendship  for  Essex,  he  yet  paid  his  suit  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  Bur- 
leigh.  On  the  fall  of  Essex,  he  insinuated  himself  so  far  into  the  confidence  of  his  mortal  enemy, 
Secretary  Cecil,  whom  he  had  just  before  called  tortuosum  colubrum,  as  to  become  the  instrument  of 
the  Secretary's  correspondence  with  the  King  of  Scots,  which  passed  through  his  hands.  It  is  not 
wonderful  therefore,  when  we  consider  the  sufferings  of  Lord  Harry's  family  for  the  Queen  of  Scots, 
and  his  own  late  employment,  added  to  his  intriguing  spirit,  that,  on  King  James's  accession,  he  was 
immediately  received  into  favour.  In  May  1603  he  was  made  a  Privy  Councillor ;  in  January  following 
Lord  Warden  of  the  Cinque  Ports ;  in  March  Baron  of  Marnhill,  and  Earl  of  Northampton;  and  in  April 
1603  Lord  Privy  Seal;  and  honoured  with  the  Garter.  In  1609  he  succeeded  John  Lord  Lumley  as 
High  Steward  of  Oxford;  and  1612  Robert  Earl  of  Salisbury  as  Chancellor  of  Cambridge.  Soon 
after  he  became  a  principal  instrument  in  the  infamous  intrigue  of  his  great  niece  the  Countess  of 
Essex  with  Carr  Viscount  Rochester.  The  wretch  acted  as  pander  to  the  Countess,  for  the  purpose 
of  conciliating  the  rising  favourite.  And  it  is  impossible  to  doubt  his  deep  criminality  in  the  murder 
of  Overbury.  About  nine  months  afterwards,  June  15,  1614,  he  died,  luckily  for  himself,  before  this 
atrocious  affair  became  the  subject  of  public  investigation.  He  was  a  learned  man ;  but  a  pedant 
dark  and  mysterious  :  and  of  course  far  from  possessing  masterly  abilities.  It  is  said,  that  non  gene- 
rant  iHjuilce  colitmbas,  and  that/o?<«  creantur  fortibus  et  bonis:  it  causes  astonishment  therefore,  when 
we  reflect  that  this  despicable  and  wicked  wretch  was  the  son  of  the  generous  and  accomplished  Earl 
pf  Surrey.  Collins's  Peerage,  by  Brydges,  vol.  I.  p.  101. 


THE    KING'S    VISIT   TO    SIR    WILLIAM    READ,   160$.  6j 

ham  ',  being  then  newly  come  to  Towne),  and  guarded  by  the  Gentlemen  Pen- 
sioners of  Barwick,  he  bestowed  this  day  in  surveying  of  the  plots  and  fortifications, 
commending  the  manner  of  the  Souldiers,  and  the  militarie  order  of  the  Towne, 
being  indeed  one  of  the  best  places  of  strength  in  all  the  North  of  England.  All 
which  when  with  great  liking  he  had  to  his  kingly  pleasure  beheld,  he  returned  to 
his  Pallace  and  there  reposed  till  the  next  day. 

The  8th  of  Aprill,  being  Fryday,  the  trumpets  warned  for  the  remove ;  and  all 
that  morning  his  Majestic,  with  Koyall  liberalise,  bestowed  amongst  the  Garrison 
souldiers  and  every  Officer  for  warre,  according  to  his  place,  so  rich  and  bounteous 
rewards,  that  all  souldiers  by  his  bountifull  beginning  there,  may  be  assured  they 
shall  not  (as  they  have  bin)  be  curtald  of  their  duties  by  exacting  Pollers,  but 
used  as  the  Servants  and  Servitors  of  a  King,  which  very  name,  but  more  his  lar- 
gesse, addes  double  spirit  to  a  man  of  warre.  After  dinner  his  Highnesse 
mounted  on  horsebacke  and  tooke  leave  of  Barwicke,  where,  near  the  bridge,  he 
knighted  Mr.  Ralph  Gray,  a  Gentleman  of  great  commaund  and  possession  near 
the  Borders.  As  his  Excellence  left  Barwicke  and  entered  the  Real  me  of  Eng- 
land, he  was  received  by  Mr.  Nicholas  Forester,  High  Sheirefie  of  Northumber- 
berland,  who,  besides  his  own  Servants  and  Followers,  was  accompanied  with  a 
number  of  gallant  Gentlemen  of  the  Shyre,  who  riding  before  his  Majestic  led 
the  way  towards  Withrington,  where  his  Majestic  intended  to  rest  that  night. 
By  the  way,  of  his  kingly  goodnesse,  and  Royall  inclination  to  the  honor  of  armes, 
and  reverence  of  vertuous  age,  he  vouchsafed  to  visit  that  worthy,  honourable 
Souldier,  Sir  William  Read8,  who,  being  blind  with  age,  was  so  comforted  with 
the  presence  and  gracious  speeches  of  the  King,  that  his  spirits  seemed  so  power- 
ful within  him,  as  he  boasted  himselfe  to  feele  the  warmth  of  youth  stirre  in  his 
frost-nipt  bloud.  The  way  his  Majestic  had  to  ride  being  long,  enforced  him  to 
stay  with  this  good  Knight  the  lesse  while  ;  but  that  litle  time  was  so  comfortable, 
that  his  friends  hope  it  will  be  a  meane  to  cherish  the  old  knight  all  his  life  long. 

1  Henry  Brooke,  fifth  Lord  Cobham,  succeeded  to  that  title  Feb.  24,  1597-S;  and  in  1601  was 
appointed  (as  his  ancestors  had  often  been)  Warden  of  the  Cinque  Ports ;  but  in  1G03  he  and  his 
brother  George  were  charged  with  being  confederates  in  a  plot  to  alter  Religion  and  subvert  the 
Government ;  and  being  tried  and  found  guilty,  had  judgment  of  death  pronounced  against  them  ; 
but  George  only  suffered,  who  was  beheaded,  and  this  Henry  reprieved,  and  his  estates  given  to  many 
of  the  King's  favourites  and  relations,  yet  nevertheless  attainted,  and  left  to  drag  on  in  misery  and  the 
most  wretched  poverty,  the  remainder  of  an  unhappy  life  in  imprisonment,  wherein  he  died  in  1619. 

*  Two  Gentlemen  named  William  Read  were  knighted  by  Queen  Elizabeth,  in  15S6  and  1595. 


68  THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  AT  WIDDRINGTON  CASTLE,  1603. 

Not  to  be  longer  writing  this  than  his  Highnesse  was  riding  thejourney,  he  departed 
thence  upon  the  spurre,  scarce  any  of  his  traine  being  able  to  keepe  him  company; 
for  being  neare  37  miles,  he  rode  it  al  in  lesse  than  foure  houres.  And,  by  the 
way,  for  a  note,  the  miles,  according  to  the  Northern  phrase,  are  a  wey-bit  longer 
than  they  be  here  in  the  South.  Well,  as  long  as  the  miles  were,  his  Majestie 
made  short  worke,  and  attained  Withrington,  where  by  the  Maister  of  the  place, 
Sir  Robert  Carey,  and  his  right  vertuous  Lady,  he  was  received  with  all  duty  and 
affection ;  the  house  being  plentifully  furnished  for  his  entertainment.  Besides, 
for  scituation  and  pleasure  it  stands  very  delightfull '.  His  Majestie  having  a  little 
while  reposed  himselfe  after  his  great  journey,  found  new  occasion  to  travel  further; 
for  as  he  was  delighting  himselfe  with  the  pleasure  of  the  parke,  he  suddenly  be- 
held a  number  of  deere  neare  the  place.  The  game  being  so  faire  before  him  he 
could  not  forbear,  but  according  to  his  wonted  manner  forth  he  went  and  slew  two 
of  them2.  Which  done,  he  returned  with  a  good  appetite  to  the  house,  where  he 
was  most  Royally  feasted  and  banketted  that  night. 

On  Saturday  the  9th  of  Aprill  his  Majestie  prepared  towards  Newcastle.  But, 
before  his  departure,  he  knighted  [Mr.  Nicholas  Forster,]  Mr.  Henry  Withrington3, 

1  Widdrington  Castle  has  been  already  noticed  in  page  33. — The  Castle,  though  irregular,  and  the 
work  of  various  ages,  was  a  noble  structure,  especially  the  most  ancient  part  of  it,  which  was  a 
Gothic  tower,  finished  with  machicolations  and  four  round  turrets,  built  on  double  tiers  of  corbules. 
There  is  a  good  view  of  it  by  S.  and  N.  Buck  in  1728.  It  was  destroyed  by  fire  in  or  about  the 
year  1777>  said  to  be  occasioned  by  the  negligence  of  workmen;  and  the  only  remaining  part  of  it  at 
present  is  an  octangular  embattled  tower,  to  which  a  square  modern  edifice  has  been  added. 

*  James  was  very  severe  against  those  who  disturbed  him  in  the  pursuit  of  his  amusement  of  hunt- 
ing. "  I  dare  boldly  say,"  says  Osborn,  with  some  spleen,  "  that  one  man  in  his  reign  might  with 
more  safety  have  killed  another  than  a  rascal  deer ;  but  if  a  stag  had  been  known  to  have  miscarried, 
and  the  author  fled,  a  Proclamation,  with  the  description  of  the  party,  had  been  presently  penned  by 
the  Attorney  General,  and  the  penalty  of  his  Majesty's  high  displeasure  (by  which  was  understood  the 
Star  Chamber)  threatened  against  all  that  did  abet,  comfort,  or  relieve  him  :  thus  satyrica),  or  if  you 
please,  tragical,  was  this  Sylvan  Prince  against  deer-killers  and  indulgent  to  man-slayers.  But  lest 
this  expression  should  be  thought  too  poetical  for  an  historian,  I  shall  leave  his  Majesty  dressed  to 
posterity  in  the  colours  I  saw  him  in  the  next  Progress  after  his  inauguration,  which  was  green  as 
the  grass  he  trod  on,  with  a  feather  in  his  cap,  and  a  horn  instead  of  a  sword  by  his  side ;  how  suit- 
able to  his  age,  person,  or  calling,  I  leave  others  to  judge  from  his  picture,  he  owning  a  countenance 
not  in  the  least  regard  semblable  to  any  my  eyes  ever  met  with,  besides  an  host  dwelling  at  Ampthill, 
formerly  a  shepherd,  and  so  metaphorically  of  the  same  profession." 

3  Sir  Henry  Widdrington  was  High  Sheriff  of  Northumberland,  21  Q.  Eliz.  and  3  King  James  f . 
and  a  Representative  for  that  County  in  Parliament,  1,  12,  18  King  James  I.  He  was  succeeded  by 


THE    KING**    ENTERTAINMENT   AT   NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE,  1G03-  6*9 

Mr.  William  Fenwicke,  and  Mr.  Edward  Gorges '.  After  which,  taking  his  leave 
with  Royall  curtesie,  he  set  forward  towards  Newcastle,  being  16  miles  from 
Withrington.  To  passe  the  occurrentes  by  the  way,  being  not  very  material! ; 
when  his  Majestic  drewe  neare  to  Newcastle,  the  Mayor,  Aldermen,  Counsell,  and 
best  Commoners  of  the  same,  beside  numbers  of  other  people,  in  joyfull  manner 
met  him.  The  Mayor  presenting  him  with  the  sword  and  keyes  with  humble 
dutie  and  submission;  which  his  Highnesse  graciously  accepting,  he  returned 
them  againe;  giving  also  to  his  Maiestie  in  token  of  their  love  and  heartie 
loyaltie,  a  purse  full  of  gold  ;  his  Majestic  giving  them  full  power  and  authority 

Sir  William  Widdrington,  High  Sheriff  12  King  Charles  Land  Representative  in  Parliament  15,  16, 
and  17  of  the  same  Reign.  He  with  Sir  William  Carnaby  and  Sir  Patricias  Curwen,  were  three  of 
the  fifty-six  Members  who  voted  for  saving  the  life  of  the  Earl  of  Straflbrd.  He  was  committed  to 
the  Tower,  for  having  candles  brought  into  the  House  without  a  general  order,  189  voices  against  172. 
He  was  expelled  the  House,  Aug.  26,  1642,  for  refusing  to  attend  it,  and  raising  forces  in  defence  of 
his  Majesty,  who  created  him  Baron  Widdrington  of  lilankley,  co.  Lincoln,  Nov.  10,  1643.  After 
the  battle  of  Marston  Moor,  he  retired  beyond  seas  with  his  noble  friend  the  Marquess  of  Newcastle 
aad  others  j  and  his  estate  was  sequestered  by  the  Parliament. — On  the  March  of  Charles  the  Second 
to  Worcester,  Lord  Widdrington  staid  behind  at  Wigan  in  Lancashire  with  the  Earl  of  Derby,  and 
many  loyal  Gentlemen — about  200  horse,  with  a  design  of  taking  the  country-volunteers  along  with 
them,  where  they  were  surprised  by  a  party  of  the  Parliament-forces  at  the  dawn  of  the  morning,  and 
after  a  gallant  display  of  valour,  were  either  slain  or  taken  prisoners  :  among  the  former  was  Lord 
Widdrington,  who  disdained  to  take  quarter. 

"  His  Lordship,"  says  Lord  Clarendon,  "  was  one  of  the  goodliest  persons  of  that  age,  being  near 
the  head  higher  lhau  most  tall  men,  and  a  Gentleman  of  the  most  ancient  extraction  of  the  County 
of  Northumberland,  and  of  a  very  fair  fortune,  and  one  of  the  four  which  the  King  made  choice 
of  to  be  about  the  person  of  his  son  the  Prince,  as  Gentlemen  of  his  Privy  Chamber,  when  he  first 
settled  his  family.  His  affection  to  the  King  was  always  most  remarkable  ;  as  soon  as  the  war  broke 
out,  he  was  of  the  first  who  raised  both  horse  and  foot  at  his  own  charge,  and  served  eminently  with 
them  under  the  Marquess  of  Newcastle,  with  whom  he  had  a  particular  and  entire  friendship. 
He  was  very  nearly  allied  to  the  Marquess,  and  by  his  testimony  that  he  had  performed  many  signal 
services,  he  was  about  the  middle  of  the  war  made  a  Peer  of  the  Kingdom." 

His  son  William  Lord  Widdrington  was  one  of  the  Council  of  State  upon  the  restoration  of  the 
Parliament ;  and  his  grandson  William  third  and  last  Lord  Widdrington,  by  marriage  acquired  an 
additional  estate  of  upwards  of  ^.12OO  a  year.  His  Lordship's  real  and  personal  estate  valued,  as 
set  forth  in  his  petition  to  Parliament,  Dec.  4,  1/22,  at  above  ^.lOO.OOO,  came  to  the  Crown  by  his 
attainder  in  1715,  and  was  sold,  for  the  public  use,  to  Sir  George  Revel,  from  whom  it  descended,  by 
heiresses,  to  Lord  Bulkeky  its  present  possessor.  Royal  mercy  being  extended  to  Lord  Widdring- 
ton, he  did  not  suffer  death  with  Lord  DcrwentwaU-r  and  his  associates,  being  only  divested  of  his 
honours  and  estates. 

1  Created  a  Baronet  in  1612,  see  hereafter  under  that  year. 


70  THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   AT   NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE,   1603. 

under  him,  as  they  lately  held  in  her  Majestie's  name,  ratifying  all  their  customes 
and  priviledges  that  they  were  possessed  of,  and  had  a  long  time  held.  And  so 
passing  on  he  was  conducted  to  the  Mayor's  house,  where  he  was  richly  enter- 
tained, and  remained  there  three  dayes  '. 

Upon  Sunday,  being  the  loth  of  April,  his  Majestie  went  to  the  Church,  be- 
fore whom  the  Bishop  of  Durham  preached.  And  that  day  (as  it  is  his  most 
Christian-like  custome)  being  spent  in  devotion,  he  rested  till  Munday,  which  he 
bestowed  in  viewing  the  Towne,  the  manner  and  beautie  of  the  bridge2  and  kcye, 
being  one  of  the  best  in  the  North  parts.  Besides  he  released  all  prisoners  except 
those  that  lay  for  treason,  murther,  and  Papistrie,  giving  great  summes  of  money  for 
the  release  of  many  that  were  imprisoned  for  debt,  who  heartily  praised  God, 
and  blessed  his  Majestie  for  their  unexpected  libertie.  So  joyfull  were  the 

1  "  Saturday,  April  9th  this  year,  King  James  I.  on  his  way  from  Scotland  to  take  possession  of  the 
Crown  of  England,  arrived  at  Newcastle-upon-Tyne  :  on  the  Sunday  Tobias  Matthew,  Bishop  of 
Durham,  preached  before  him  at  St.  Nicholas  Church  in  that  Town,  on  the  2  Chron.  xv.  1,2.  On 
the  Wednesday  following  the  King  set  forward  for  Durham.  The  King  was  entertained  at  the  house 
of  Sir  George  Selby.  The  King,  soon  after  his  arrival  in  London,  (June  18,)  appointed  George 
Clifford,  Earl  of  Cumberland,  Warden  of  the  Middle  and  West  Marches  towards  Scotland,  with  the 
most  extensive  powers ;  and  also  Lieutenant  General  of  the  Counties  of  Cumberland,  Northumber- 
land, and  the  Town  and  County  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne."  Brand's  History  of  Newcastle,  p.  450. 

*  Tyne  Bridge  is  supposed  to  owe  its  first  foundation  to  the  Emperor  Hadrian.  Pennant  supposed 
even  that  part  of  the  Roman  masonry  was  still  remaining,  and  several  Remain  coins  (somewhat  later 
than  Hadrian)  were  certainly  found  in  the  ruined  piers  after  the  flood  of  1771.  The  first  bridge, 
however,  was  doubtless  of  wood ;  it  existed  under  Henry  II.  and  was  consumed  by  fire,  with  a  great 
part  of  Newcastle,  in  1248.  A  full  account  of  its  rise,  progress,  fall,  and  renovation,  may  be  seen  in 
Brand's  Newcastle,  vol.  I.  p.  35 — 53. — The  following  account  of  this  Bridge  as  it  existed  at  the  time 
of  King  James's  passage  over  it,  is  extracted  from  Grey's  Chorography  of  Newcastle,  1649:  "The 
Bridge  of  this  Town  over  the  river  Tyne  consioteth  of  arches  high  and  broad,  having  many  houses 
and  shops  upon  the  Bridge,  and  three  Towers  upon  it ;  the  first  on  the  South  side,  the  second  in  the 
middle,  and  the  third  on  Newcastle  side,  lately  built  upon  an  arch  in  the  bridge,  used  for  a  magazine 
for  the  Towne ;  and  an  old  Chappell.  There  is  a  blew  stone  about  the  middle  of  the  bridge,  which 
is  the  bounds  of  Newcastle  Southwards,  from  Gateside  in  the  County  Palatine  of  Durham." — Of  the 
alarming  flood  which  threw  down  Tyne  Bridge  in  November  1771,  see  the  Gentleman's  Magazine,  vol. 
XLI.  p.  519.  "  It  was  then  found  necessary  to  take  down  the  whole  of  the  old  bridge.  The  rebuilding 
of  a  third  part  of  the  fabric  from  the  Blue  Stone  Southwards,  was  incumbent  on  the  See  of  Dur- 
ham ;  and  in  1772,  an  Act  passed  enabling  the  Bishop  to  raise  e£.12,000  for  the  purpose,  by  granting 
annuities  for  lives,  not  exceeding  ten  per  cent.  The  foundation  stone  of  the  Bishop's  part  was  laid 
October  14,  1774,  and  the  first  arch  closed  in  July  8th,  1775.  The  whole  sum  raised  for  the  repair- 
ing being  paid  off,  the  bridge  was  thrown  open  without  toll  in  1818." 

Surtees's  History  of  Durham,  vol.  II.  p.  113. 


THE   KING    AT   GATESIDE    AND    CHESTER-LE-STREET, 

Townesmen  of  Newcastle  of  his  Majestic  there  being,  that  they  thankfully  bare 
nil  charge  of  his  household  during  the  time  of  his  abode  with  them,  being  from 
Saturday  till  Wednesday  morning.  All  things  were  in  such  plentie,  and  so  deli- 
cate for  varietie,  that  it  gave  great  contentment  to  his  Majestic;  and  on  the 
Townesmen's  parts  there  was  nothing  but  willingnesse  appeared,  save  onely  at  his 
Highnesse  departure;  but  there  was  no  remedie.  He  hath  yet  many  of  his  peo- 
ple by  his  presence  to  comfort,  and  forward  no  doubt  he  will,  as  he  thence  did, 
giving  thankes  to  them  for  theyr  loyal!  and  heartie  affection.  And  on  the  Bridge, 
before  he  came  at  Gateside,  he  made  Mr.  Robert  Dudley,  Mayor  of  Newcastle, 
a  Knight '. 

This  Wednesday  being  the  13th  of  Aprill,  his  Majestic  set  forwarde  towarde 
Durham  ;  and  at  Gateside2,  neare  Newcastle,  he  was  met  by  the  Shiriffe  of  the 
Countie,  and  most  of  the  Gentlemen  in  the  same.  In  his  way,  neare  Chester-le- 
streete3,  a  litle  Towne  betwixt  Newcastle  and  Durham,  he  turned  on  the  left 
hand  of  the  roade,  to  view  a  pleasant  Castle  of  the  Lord  Lumleye's4,  which  being 

1  On  the  same  day  the  following  Gentlemen  were  knighted  : 

Sir  Robert  Delavale,  of  Northumberland.  Sir  Nicholas  Tufton,  of  Kent,  created  Baron  Tuf- 

Sir  Christopher  Lowther,  of  Cumberland.  ton  in  1626,  and  Earl  of  Thanet  in  1628.  His 

Sir  Nicholas  Curwen,  of  Cumberland.  lineal  descendant  Sackville  is  the  present  and 

Sir  James  Bellingham,  of  Westmoreland.  ninth  liarl  of  Thanet. 

Sir  John  Conyers,  of  York. 

1  "  Gateshead,  though  in  the  County  of  Durham,  is  but  a  mile  and  a  half  from  Newcastle.  The 
Borough,  in  its  present  state,  consists  chiefly  of  the  Fore-street,  one  continued  line  of  building  of 
various  and  irregular  appearance,  extending  above  a  mile  along  the  great  North  road,  and  at  last  de- 
scending rapidly  from  Bottlebank  to  Tyne  Bridge;  and  of  several  ancient  streets  or  lanes,  or  more 
properly  gates.  The  New  street  which  turns  Eastwards  to  the  Church  and  avoids  the  steep  descent  of 
Bottlebank,  was  built  in  1790.  The  lesser  passes  and  avenues  are,  as  in  Newcastle,  called  Chares.  In 
ancient  days  Gateshead,  before  it  shrank  under  the  influence  of  Newcastle,  had  a  Borough-market." 

Surtees's  Durham,  vol.  II.  p.  105. 

1  Chester-le-street  is  a  respectable  village,  pleasantly  situated  in  a  valley  to  the  West  of  the  river 
Wear.  In  the  time  of  the  Saxons  it  was  an  episcopal  See,  which  was  afterwards  removed  to  Durham, 
when  this,  divested  of  its  state  and  authority,  became  a  mere  parochial  rectory  ;  Bishop  Beck  made  the 
Church  collegiate  with  a  Dean  and  seven  Prebendaries,  and  it  so  continued  till  the  dissolution.  The 
village,  being  on  the  great  post  road  from  London  to  Edinburgh,  and  contiguous  to  numerous  coal- 
works,  has  become  populous.  The  houses  are  chiefly  arranged  in  one  street,  nearly  a  mile  in  length. 

«  Of  John  Lord  Lumley,  who  hail  the  honour  of  entertaining  his  Royal  Master,  there  are  three  jwr- 
traits  at  Lumley  Castle,  one  a  three-quarter  piece  dated  1563  ;  the  second  a  full  length  in  gilt  armour, 
painted  in  1588,  at  the  age  of  54  ;  the  third  in  Baron's  robes,  1591.  His  father,  George  Lord  Lum- 
ley, was  attainted  in  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.  for  joining  the  Northern  rebels  in  what  they  denomi- 
nated the  Pilgrimage  of  Grace.  His  son  Sir  John  was  restored  in  blood  and  to  the  ancient  Barony 


72  THE   KING   AT   LUMLEY    CASTLE, 

a  goodly  edifice  of  free-stone,  built  in  quadrant  maner,  stands  on  the  shoring  of  a 
hill  in  the  middle  of  a  greene,  with  a  river  at  the  foote  of  it,  and  woods  about  it 
on  every  side,  but  to  the  towneward,  which  is  by  the  river  divided  from  it l.  After 

1  Edw.  VI.  and  was  in  high  estimation  at  Court  with  small  alloy,  during  the  contrarily-disposed 
reigns  of  Edward  VI.,  Mary,  and  Elizabeth.  In  1553  he  was  created  K.  B.  and,  with  his  Lady,  bore 
a  principal  part  at  Mary's  coronation  ;  in  1556  he,  with  Lord  Talbot,  introduced  Osep  Napea  the  first 
Russian  Ambassador  at  the  English  Court,  and  was  in  employ  during  the  early  part  of  the  reign  of 
Queen  Elizabeth  ;  but  being  suspected  of  some  intrigue  concerning  the  Queen  of  Scots,  he  and  his 
father-in-law,  the  Earl  of  Arundel,  with  whom  he  was  a  great  favourite,  were  arrested.  Afterwards 
regaining  the  royal  favour,  he  was  again  admitted  into  confidence,  and  was  one  of  the  Lords  Com- 
missioners on  the  trial  of  the  unhappy  Queen  of  Scots,  in  whose  cause  he  had  suffered,  as  also  on  that 
of  Secretary  Davision.  Lord  Lumley  persevered  in  great  honour  and  profound  gravity  during  the 
whole  long  reign  of  Elizabeth,  and  seems  to  have  been  generally  and  justly  regarded  as  a  stately 
model  of  "  the  pomp,  pride,  and  circumstance  of  ancient  nobility."  A  deeping  feeling  of  veneration 
for  the  memory  of  his  noble  ancestors  formed  one  particular  feature  of  Lord  Lumley's  character ; 
the  tablet  which  records  the  family  genealogy  in  clear  language  and  tolerable  Latin,  was  his  own  com- 
position, and  he  gave  a  still  more  decisive  proof  of  his  ancestral  feelings,  in  the  long  series  of  monu- 
ments, the  imagines  of  the  family,  which  still  replenish  the  North  aile  of  Chester  Church.  In  1600 
Lord  Lumley  sat  on  the  trial  of  the  Earl  of  Essex.  In  the  succeeding  reign  he  received  King  James 
on  his  first  Southern  Progress  at  his  Castle  of  Lumley.  He  was  appointed  one  of  the  Commissioners 
for  receiving  the  claims  of  the  tenants  in  Grand  Serjeanty  at  the  Coronation,  an  office  which  he  had 
executed  on  the  accession  of  Elizabeth ;  and  one  of  the  Commissioners  for  granting  the  Order  of 
the  Bath,  which  he  had  himself  received  fifty-three  years  before  from  Queen  Mary.  He  died  1 1  April 
1609,  and  lies  buried,  not  with  his  ancestors  at  Chester-le-street,  but  under  a  noble  monument  of 
white  marble  at  Cheam  in  Surrey.  Surtees's  History  of  Durham,  vol.  II.  p.  159. 

1  "  Lumley  Castle,  about  a  mile  to  the  East  of  Chester-le-street,  is  now  one  of  the  seats  of  the  Earl  of 
Scarborough.  As  seen  from  the  great  North  road,  it  stands  glittering  with  a  bright  open  aspect,  on  a  fine 
gradual  elevation  above  the  Wear.  On  the  South  and  and  West  the  grounds  slope  gently  to  the  river, 
but  the  East  front  almost  overhangs  a  deep  wooded  ravine,  through  which  the  Lumley  Beck  falls  to 
the  Wear.  The  Castle  is  a  regular  quadrangle  of  bright  yellow  free-stone,  with  an  area  in  the  centre, 
and  four  uniform  projecting  towers,  of  which  all  the  angles  are  crowned  with  overhanging  octangular 
turrets.  The  East  front  retains  all  its  original  magnificence.  Three  stages  of  masonry  rise  above 
each  other  with  mullioned  windows,  heavily  grated  with  iron  ;  and  a  noble  gatehouse  projects  from 
the  centre  of  the  front  guarded  with  overhanging  turrets,  and  a  machicolated  gallery ;  a  terrace  only, 
formerly  guarded  by  a  curtain  wall,  intervenes  betwixt  the  Castle  and  deep  dell  of  the  Lumley 
rivulet.  Above  the  gateway  are  six  shields  of  arms  (three  and  three)  cut  boldly  in  stone.  In  the 
centre  of  the  first  row,  higher  than  the  rest:  1.  Quarterly,  France  and  England,  (Richard  II.) 
<2.  On  the  right,  Percy  or  Lowvaine,  a  lion  rampant :  Crest,  a  lion  passant.  3.  On  the  left,  a  Sal- 
tire,  Nevill:  Crest,  a  bull's  head.  In  the  lower  row :  4.  A  lion  rampant  within  a  bordure  engrailed, 
Gray:  Crest,  a  ram's  head.  5.  Lumley:  Crest,  a  parroquet.  6.  Two  tors:  Crest,  Moses's  head 
horned,  Hilton.  The  arrangement  evidently  marks  the  reign  of  Richard  II.  when  Ralph  Lord  Lum- 
ley (under  licence  from  Bishop  Skirlaw,  1389,)  rebuilt  and  castellated  his  house  of  Lumley,  and 


THE   KING'S    RECEPTION    AT   DURHAM,  16*03.  73 

his  Highnesse  had  awhile  delighted  himselfe  with  the  pleasure  of  the  place,  he 
returned  on  his  way  towards  Durham,  being  six  miles  from  thence ;  of  which 
way  he  seldom  makes  long  journey.  And  when  he  came  neare,  the  Magistrates  of 
the  Citie  met  him,  and  behaving  themselves  as  others  before  them,  it  was  by  his 
Highnesse  as  thankfully  accepted.  And  passing  through  the  gates,  whence  his 
Excellence  entred  the  Market-place,  there  was  an  excellent  Oration  made  unto 
him,  containing  in  effect  the  universall  joy  conceived  by  his  subjects  at  his  ap- 
proach, being  of  power  to  divert  from  them  so  great  a  sorrow  as  had  lately  pos- 
sessed them  all.  The  Oration  ended,  he  passed  towards  the  Bishop's  house1, 

reared  probably  this  gallant  front  exactly  in  its  present  form.  No  other  face  of  the  Castle  retains  an 
equally  genuine  appearance  :  the  North  front  is  obscured  by  offices ;  that  to  the  South  is  evidently 
modernized  though  castellated,  and  is  brought  forward  almost  parallel  with  the  flanking  towers.  The 
chief  approach  of  the  present  day  is  by  the  West  front.  A  double  flight  of  steps  lead  to  a  broad 
lofty  platform,  which  commands  a  very  beautiful  prospect.  At  the  foot  of  the  Park,  the  Wear,  which 
is  collected  for  the  purpose  of  a  salmon  lock,  forms  a  fine  deep  pool  or  basin,  and  then  rushes  over 
the  dam  in  two  silver  sheets.  Across  the  Wear,  Chester  and  Chester  Church  with  its  lofty  spire,  fill 
the  fore-ground,  and  the  further  landscape  is  scattered  over  with  irregular  villages  and  farm-holds,  as 
far  as  the  wild  dusky  Western  heights.  The  great  Hall  measures  9O  feet  in  length,  it  is  ornamented 
with  a  gallc'i-y  for  minstrelsy,  a  Knight  in  full  armour  on  horseback,  a  tablet  surrounded  with  the 
family  arms  and  inscribed  with  the  whole  history  of  Liulph  a  noble  Saxon,  the  great  ancestor  of  the 
family,  and  his  progeny,  and  fifteen  pictures  of  his  descendants  down  to  John  Lord  Lumley,  who 
seemed  to  have  a  true  veneration  for  his  ancestors.  The  collection  of  paintings  at  Lumley  (fully  de- 
scribed by  Pennant  in  his  Scotch  Tour,  part  2,  p.  319)  is  dispersed  j  those  only  remain  which  are 
strictly  family  portraits."  Surtees's  History  of  Durham,  rol.  II.  p.  153. 

1  Durham  Castle,  the  residence  of  the  Bishop  whenever  he  visits  Durham,  stands  on  the  North  side 
of  a  large  open  area,  called  the  Place,  or  Palace  Green,  on  the  North  side  of  the  Cathedral.  The  struc- 
ture stands  on  the  continuation  of  the  same  rocky  eminence  on  which  the  Cathedral  is  built,  and 
from  its  upper  apartments,  commands  some  very  fine  views  of  the  City  and  surrounding  country. 
Whether  this  spot  was  fortified  before  the  time  of  William  the  Conqueror,  is  uncertain;  but  its 
favourable  situation  for  defence  renders  the  affirmative  extremely  probable.  The  fortifications  which 
originally  surrounded  the  City,  included  the  whole  summit  of  the  hill,  the  outward  wall  extending 
along  the  very  brink  of  the  eminence,  and  forming  an  oval  figure,  abruptly  terminated  at  its  Northern 
extremity  by  the  Castle.  The  most  ancient  part  of  this  structure  is  the  Keep  or  Tower,  which  occu- 
pies the  top  of  an  artificial  mount,  and  is  supposed  to  have  been  of  Norman  construction  ;  though 
Hutchinson,  from  "  the  roses  which  ornament  the  summits  of  the  buttresses,  and  the  form  of  the 
windows,"  is  more  inclined  to  refer  its  erection  to  Bishop  Hatfield.  The  form  of  the  Keep  is  that  of 
an  irregular  octagon;  its  diameter,  in  the  widest  part,  sixty-three  feet  six  inches ;  and  in  the  nar- 
rowest, sixty-one  feet.  It  is  now  a  mere  shell ;  but  appears  to  have  contained  originally  four  stories 
or  tiers  of  apartments,  exclusive  of  a  series  of  vaults,  which  rise  from  the  foundation.  The  angle: 
are  supported  by  buttresses ;  and  a  parapet,  defended  by  an  embattled  breast-work,  has  run  round  the 
VOL.  I.  L 


74  THE   KING'S   ENTERTAINMENT   IN    DURHAM    PALACE,  1603. 

where  he  was  royally  received ;  the  Bishop  attending  his  Majestic,  with  an  hun> 
dred  Gentlemen  in  tawny  liveries.  Of  all  his  entertainment,  in  particular  at  the 
Bishop's,  his  merrie  and  well  seasoned  jests l,  as  wel  there  as  in  other  parts  of  his 

summit  of  the  whole  building ;  but  this  having  become  very  ruinous,  was  taken  down  by  the  direction 
of  Bishop  Thurlow,  in  the  year  1789  ;  the  principal  entrance  was  on  the  West  side.  The  perpendi- 
cular height  of  the  mount  on  which  it  stands,  is  forty-four  feet :  round  this  space  three  pleasant  ter- 
races have  been  formed,  each  ten  feet  wide,  and  communicating  with  each  other  by  flights  of  steps. 
The  buildings  which  now  constitute  the 'Castle,  have  been  erected  at  various  times  and  by  different 
persons,  and  have  consequently  but  very  little  uniformity.  Some  parts  which  had  suffered  by  fire, 
were  restored  by  Bishop  Pudsey,  who  succeeded  to  the  bishopric  in  the  year  1153.  He  is  also  supposed 
to  have  erected  the  first  Hall ;  but  this,  with  other  parts  of  the  Castle,  going  to  decay,  a  new  and  more 
magnificent  Hall  was  built  by  Bishop  Hatfield,  the  original  length  of  which  is  recorded  to  have  been 
120  yards.  From  this  apartment  the  present  Hall  has  been  formed,  which  is  of  extensive  proportions ; 
its  length  being  ISO  feet,  its  height  36,  and  its  breadth  50.  Within  it  are  some  casts  of  busts  from 
the  antique;  and  whole-length  portraits  of  the  Archbishops,  Cranmer,  Parker,  Whitgift.  Bancroft, 
and  Laud ;  and  of  John  Overall,  Bishop  of  Norwich  ;  John  Cosin,  Bishop  of  Durham ;  and  Laun- 
celot  Andrews,  Bishop  of  Winchester.  Many  additions  and  alterations  were  made  by  succeeding  pre- 
lates, and  particularly  by  Bishop  Tunstall,  who  erected  a  Gateway  and  Tower  on  the  side  of  the  Place 
Green,  and  flanked  it  on  each  side  with  a  slrong  wall:  he  also  built  a  small  Chapel,  and  made  various 
other  improvements.  Additional  apartments  were  erected  by  Bishop  Cosin  ;  and  further  alterations 
have  been  since  effected,  by  which  the  internal  arrangement  and  appearance  of  the  buildings  have 
been  much  amended.  Under  the  direction  of  the  Hon.  and  Rev.  Shute  Barrington,  the  present  Bishop, 
new  improvements  have  been  made  ;  and  a  most  beautiful  archway  in  the  Gallery,  supposed  to  have 
been  stopped  up  several  centuries,  again  opened  and  repaired.  This  is  one  of  the  most  perfect  speci- 
mens of  Anglo-Norman  architecture  extant,  and  may  be  regarded  as  unique,  not  only  from  the  beauty 
of  the  pattern,  but  also  from  the  number  of  the  mouldings,  the  variety  of  the  ornaments,  and  the 
nicety  of  the  workmanship.  Various  paintings  are  distributed  on  the  stair-case,  and  through  some 
of  the  apartments,  but  not  any  of  them  merit  particular  notice ;  the  principal  ornaments  of  that 
description  being  at  the  Palace  at  Bishop's  Auckland. 

1  In  these  pleasantries  the  King  found  an  excellent  companion  in  the  Bishop  of  Durham  ;  who  is 
thus  characterized  by  two  competent  judges  of  wit  and  humour.  Sir  John  Harington  says  of  him: 
"  During  his  abode  at  Oxford,  being  Dean  of  Christ  Chinch,  it  was  hard  to  say  whether  he  was  more 
respected  for  his  great  learning,  eloquence,  authority,  countenance  given  him  by  the  Queen  and  the 
great  ones ;  or  beloved  for  his  sweet  conversation,  friendly  disposition,  bounty,  that  even  then  shewed 
itself,  and  above  all,  a  cheerful  sharpness  of  wit,  that  so  sauced  all  his  words  and  behaviour,  that  well 
was  he  in  the  University  who  could  be  in  the  company  of  Toby  Matthew ;  and  his  name  grew  so  popu- 
lar and  plausible,  that  they  thought  it  a  derogation  to  their  love  to  add  any  title  of  Doctor  or  Dean 
to  it;  but  if  they  spoke  of  one  of  his  men,  as  he  was  ever  well  attended,  they  would  say  Mr.  Matthew 
or  Mr.  Toby  Matthew's  men."  (Nugs  Antiquae,  vol.  11.  p.  196.) — And  Dr.  Fuller  thus  speaks  of  him, 
"  none  could  condemn  him  for  his  cheerful  spirit,  though  often  he  would  condemn  himself  for  the  levity 
of  it ;  yet  lie  was  so  habituated  therein,  that  he  could  as  well  not  be  as  not  be  merry."  Pun  and  quib- 


THE   KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   AT   HIGH    WALVVORTH,  iGOS-  75 

journy,  all  his  words  being  of  full  waight,  and  his  jests  filled  with  the  salt  of  wit,  yet 
so  facetious  and  pleasant,  as  they  were  no  lesse  gracious  and  worthy  regard  than 
the  words  of  so  Royall  a  Majestie;  it  is  bootelesse  to  repeate  them,  they  are  so 
well  knowne. ' 

Thursday,  being  the  14th  day,  his  Majestie  tooke  leave  of  the  Bishop  of  Dur- 
ham, whom  he  greatly  graced  and  commended  for  his  learning,  humanitie,  and 
gravitie,  promising  to  restore  divers  things  taken  from  the  Bishoppricke,  which  he 
hath  accordingly  in  part  done,  giving  him  already  possession  of  Durham  House  in 
the  Strand.  In  briefe,  his  Majestie  left  Durham,  and  remooved  toward  Walworth  2, 
being  sixteene  miles  from  Durham,  where,  by  the  Gentlewoman  of  the  house, 
named  Mrs.  Genison3,  he  was  so  bountifully  entertained,  that  it  gave  his  Excellence 

ble  were  then  in  high  vogue,  and  a  man  was  to  expect  no  preferment  in  that  age,  either  in  Church  or 
State,  \vlio  was  not  a  proficient  in  that  kind  of  wit.  He  is  reported  to  have  said,  at  his  leaving  Dur- 
ham for  a  benelice  of  less  income,  that  it  was  for  lack  of  Grace.  .Sir  John  Harington  and 
Dr.  Fuller  have  thdught  fit  to  record  two  or  three  remarkable  stories,  which  we  shall  subjoin  for 
the  reader's  better  notion  of  our  Prelate's  readiness  in  this  way.  Being  Vice-Chancellor  of  Oxford, 
and  some  slight  matters  and  men  coming  before  him,  one  man  was  very  importunate  to  have  the 
Court  stay  for  his  Counsel.  "  Who  is  your  Counsel  ?"  says  the  Vice-Chancellor.  "  Mr.  Leesteed,'1 
answers  the  man.  "  Alas  !"  replied  the  Vice-Chancellor,  "  no  man  can  stand  you  in  less  stead,"  "No 
remedy,"  adds  the  other,  "  necessity  has  no  law."  "  Indeed,"  quoth  he,  "  no  more  I  think  has  your 
Chancellor." — Another  man  was  to  be  bound  in  a  bond,  very  like  to  be  forfeited ;  and  came  in  great 
haste  to  offer  it,  saying  "  he  would  be  bound  if  he  might  be  taken  in"  "  Yes,"  says  the  Judge,  "  I 
think  you  will  be  taken  in.  What  is  your  name  ?"  "  Cox,"  said  the  party,  and  so  pressed  as  the  man- 
ner is  to  come  into  the  Court.  "  Make  him  room  there,"  said  the  Chancellor,  "  let  that  Cox  come 
in."  A  brief  memoir  of  Bishop  Matthew  has  been  already  given  in  p.  64. 

1  "  On  the  13th  of  April,  Cecil,  the  Secretary,  being  sent  for,  set  out  for  York."  Camden's  Annals. 

*  High  Walworth,  a  handsome  spacious  mansion,  is  said  to  have  been  reared  from  its  ruins  in  the 
reign  of  Elizabeth,  by  Thomas  Jennison,  an  Auditor  in  Ireland.  The  chief  front,  a  straight  curtain 
betwixt  two  circular  towers,  looks  Southward  over  soft  even  grounds,  richly  sprinkled  with  wood,  and 
sloping  gradually  to  the  Tees.  The  North  front  looks  upward  against  the  hill.  Its  windows,  with 
stone  mullions  and  transoms,  seem  of  earlier  architecture.  The  windows,  says  Hutchinson,  were 
decorated  with  fine  painted  glass,  exhibiting  the  arms  of  many  i>ersonages,  Jennison's  contemporaries. 
Amongst  some  fragments  which  are  preserved  may  be  traced  the  arms  of  Elizabeth  and  Cecil.  Tivn 
gallant  branching  chesnuts  are  perhaps  the  remains  of  an  avenue  to  the  North  front,  both  of  which 
branch  out  nearly  to  the  same  distance,  the  extreme  boughs  of  each  touching  the  ground  at  sixty 
feet  from  the  stem  or  bole,  thus  forming  a  dense  shade  of  120  feet  in  diameter;  the  branches  in  the 
centre  are  completely  mixed.  Their  measurements  may  be  seen  in  Surtees's  Durham,  vol.  III.  p.31~- 

'  This  Lady,  widow  of  Thomas  Jennison,  Esq.  who,  being  the  daughter  of  a  groom-porter  of  Henry 
VIII.  might  be  supposed  Parcel-courtier,  in  her  will,  dated  within  a  year  of  the  Royal  Visit,  designates 


76  THE  KING'S  PROGRESS  TOWARDS  YORK,  1603. 

very  high  contentment ;  and  after  his  quiet  repose  there  that  night,  and  some  part 
of  the  next  day,  he  took  his  leave  of  the  Gentlewoman  with  many  thankefull 
and  princely  gratulations,  for  her  extending  costs  in  the  entertainment  of  him  and 
his  traine. 

Fryday,  being  the  15th  of  Aprill,  his  Majestic  set  forward  from  Mrs.  Genison's, 
of  Walworth,  towards  Yorke.  His  traine  still  encreasing  by  the  numbers  of  No- 
blemen and  Gentlemen  from  the  South  parts,  that  came  to  offer  him  fealtie,  and  to 
rejoyce  at  his  sight;  whose  love,  though  he  greatly  tendered,  yet  did  their  multi- 
tudes so  oppresse  the  countrey,  and  make  provision  so  deare,  that  he  was  faine  to 
publish  an  inhibition  against  the  inordinate  and  dayly  accesse  of  people's  comming, 
that  many  were  stopt  of  their  way,  and  onely  those  that  had  affaires  suffered  to 
have  accesse,  some  of  great  name  and  office  being  sent  home  to  attend  their  places1. 

her  eldest  son  William  and  her  second  son  John  Jennison  (after  of  Walworth)  as  "  contrarie  in  reli- 
gion," which  may  account  for  the  King  not  having  conferred  Knighthood  on  any  of  his  hostess's 
family.  Her  favourite  son-in-law  George  Frevile,  Keeper  of  Raby  for  the  Crown,  and  who  perhaps 
did  the  honors  at  Walworth,  followed  in  the  wake  of  his  Majesty,  and  was  dubbed  Knight  at  York,  April 
17.  It  must  have  been  on  the  route  to  Walworth  that  King  James  sat  himself  down  on  the  high 
grounds  above  Haughton-le-side  (on  a  spot  which  has  retained  from  this  Royal  entregambaison  the 
name  of  Cross-legs ),  to  enjoy  the  beatific  vision  of  his  descent  into  England,  into  perhaps  its  fairest 
portion,  Yorkshire:  the  gallant  Tees,  with  all  its  woodlands,  pastures,  feedings,  and  farmholds, 
must  have  presented  a  burst  of  scenery  to  James  leaving  his  paupera  regna,  which  might  have  almost 
induced  the  pacific  King  to  exclaim,  "  Where's  the  coward  that  would  not  dare  to  fight  for  such  a 
land."  MARMION.  Surtees's  History  of  Durham,  vol.  III.  p.  317. 

1  "  The  King's  journey  from  Edinburgh  to  London  immediately  afforded  to  the  inquisitive  some  cir- 
cumstances of  comparison,  which  even  the  natural  partiality  in  favour  of  their  new  Sovereign  could 
not  interpret  to  his  advantage.  As  he  passed  along,  all  ranks  of  men  flocked  about  him,  from  every 
quarter,  allured  by  interest  or  curiosity.  Great  were  the  rejoicings,  and  loud  and  hearty  the 
acclamations  which  resounded  from  all  sides ;  and  every  one  could  remember  how  the  affability  and 
popular  manners  of  their  Queen  displayed  themselves  amidst  such  concourse  and  exultation  of  her 
subjects.  But  James,  though  sociable  and  familiar  with  his  friends  and  courtiers,  hated  the  bustle  of 
a  mixed  multitude ;  and  though  far  from  disliking  flattery,  yet  was  he  still  fonder  of  tranquillity  and 
ease.  He  issued,  therefore,  a  Proclamation,  forbidding  this  resort  of  people  on  pretence  «f  the 
scarcity  of  provisions,  and  other  inconveniences,  which  he  said  would  necessarily  attend  it.  He  was 
not,  however,  insensible  to  the  great  flow  of  affection  which  appeared  in  his  new  subjects ;  and  being 
himself  of  an  affectionate  temper,  he  seems  to  have  been  in  haste  to  make  them  some  return  of  kind- 
ness and  good  offices.  To  this  motive,  probably,  we  are  to  ascribe  that  profusion  of  titles,  which 
was  observed  in  the  beginning  of  his  reign  :  when,  in  six  weeks  after  his  entrance  into  the  kingdom, 
he  is  computed  to  have  bestowed  Knighthood  on  no  less  than  two  hundred  and  thirty-seven  persons. 
If  Elizabeth's  frugality  of  honours,  as  well  as  of  money,  had  formerly  been  repined  at,  it  began  now 


THE   KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   AT   TOPCLIFFE,  iGOJ.  77 

All  this  notwithstanding,  a  number  there  were  in  his  Highnesse's  Traine,  still  en- 
creasing  in  every  Shyre.  For  now  the  High  Shireffe  of  Yorkshyre,  gallantly 
accompanied,  attended  his  Majesty  to  Mr.  Inglebeye's  ',  beside  Topcliffe3,  being 
about  sixteen  miles  from  Walworth,  who  with  great  submission  received  his  Ma- 
jestic, and  there  rested  for  that  night. 

On  Saturday,  being  the  iGth  of  Aprill,  his  Majestie  removed  from  Maister  In- 
glebeye  towards  York,  being  sixteene  miles  from  Topcliffe;  and  when  he  came 
about  three  miles  from  Yorke  (the  Liberties  of  the  Citie  extending  so  farre), 
Maister  Bucke  and  Maister  Robinson,  Shireffes  of  the  Citie,  met  him,  and  with 
humble  dutie  presented  him  with  their  white  staves;  which  his  Majestie  receiving, 
he  delivered  them  instantly  againe,  so  they  attended  him  towards  the  Citie; 
within  a  mile  of  which  when  his  Highnesse  approached,  there  mette  him  the 
Lord  Burleigh,  Lord  President  of  the  North,  with  many  worthy  Knights  and 
Gentlemen  of  the  Shyre.  These  also  attended  on  his  person  to  Yorke;  where, 

to  be  valued  and  esteemed  :  and  every  one  was  sensible  that  the  King,  by  his  lavish  and  premature 
conferring  of  favours,  had  failed  of  obliging  the  persons  on  whom  he  had  bestowed  them.  Titles 
of  all  kinds  became  so  common,  that  they  were  scarcely  marks  of  distinction  ;  and  being  distributed, 
without  choice  or  deliberation,  to  persons  unknown  to  the  Prince,  were  regarded  more  as  the  proofs 
of  facility  and  good  nature  than  of  any  determined  friendship  or  esteem. — A  Pasquinade  was  affixed 
to  St.  Paul's  in  which  an  art  was  promised  to  be  taught  very  necessary  to  assist  frail  memories  in 
retaining  the  names  of  the  new  Nobility."  Hume's  History  of  England. 

1  This  Gentleman,  Mr.  William  Ingleby,  was  afterwards  knighted  at  York,  see  page  82. 

•  "Topcliffe,  a  parish-town  on  the  river  Swale,  24  miles  from  York,  was  formerly  called  the  Jor- 
dan of  England,  because  Augustin  and  Paul  are  said,  in  the  year  620,  to  have  baptized  in  this  river 
between  Topcliffe  and  Helperby,  1O,000  men  in  one  day,  besides  women  and  children.  Leland  calls 
"  Topeclif  an  uplandish  town,  \vhos  praty  manor-place  stands  on  a  hill  about  half  a  mile  from  the 
Town  on  the  ripe  of  Swale."  This  was  in  olden  time  the  chief  residence  of  the  Percies,  Earls  of 
Northumberland  ;  its  ruins  are  yet  visible,  and  are  called  '  Maiden-bower.'  The  following  events 
appear  to  have  taken  place  here  :  in  948  the  states  of  Northumberland  assembled  here  and  took  oath 
of  allegiance  to  King  Eclred,  the  West  Saxon.  In  1489  Henry,  fourth  Earl  of  Northumberland,  then 
Lord  Lieutenant  of  the  County,  was  murdered  in  his  mansion  here  by  the  populace,  whose  minds 
were  inflamed  in  consequence  of  a  heavy  tax  being  levied  by  the  Parliament.  Thomas  Percy,  the  suc- 
ceeding Earl,  in  1569  took  up  arms  againt  (jueen  Elizabeth,  and  was  nearly  taken  in  this  house;  he 
was  afterwards  executed  in  1572.  In  1646  the  Scotch  army  was  quartered  here  and  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood. Charles  the  First  was  a  prisoner  in  this  house,  and  a  treaty  was  carried  on  for  the  sale 
of  the  King  between  the  Scots  Commissioners  and  a  Committee  appointed  by  Parliament,  while  he 
was  kept  prisoner.  It  was  agreed  that  the  Parliament  should  give  ,§£.100,000  which  should  be  ]>aid 
at  Topcliffe,  and  the  King  delivered  up,  which  was  performed."  Langdale's  Topographical  Dictionary 
of  Yorkshire,  p.  120. 


78  THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  IN  THE  CITY  OF  YORK,  1603. 

when  he  came  neare  unto  the  Citie,  there  met  him  three  of  the  Sergeants  at  Armes, 
late  servants  to  the  deceased  Queene,  viz.  Mr.  Wood,  Mr.  Damfort,  and  Mr. 
Westrope,  who  delivered  up  their  maces,  which  his  Majestic  with  Royall  cur- 
tesie  re-delivered  to  them,  commanding  them  to  waite  on  him  in  theire  old  places, 
which  presently  they  did ;  and  at  the  same  time  the  Sergeant  Trumpeter,  with 
some  other  of  his  fellows,  did  in  like  maner  submit  themselves,  and  render  their 
service,  which  he  benignly  accepted,  and  commanded  them  in  like  maner  to  waite 
on  him.  Then  rode  he  on  till  he  came  to  one  of  the  gates  of  Yorke,  where  the 
Lord  Mayor  of  the  Citie,  the  Aldermen,  and  the  wealthiest  Commoners,  with 
abundance  of  other  people,  met  him.  There  a  long  Oration  being  made,  the 
Lord  Mayor  delivered  the  sword  and  keyes  to  his  Majestic,  together  with  a  cup 
of  gold,  filled  full  of  gold,  which  present  his  Majestic  gratefully  accepted,  deliver- 
ing the  keyes  againe  to  the  Lord  Mayor ;  but  about  the  bearing  of  the  sword 
there  was  some  small  contention,  the  Lord  President  taking  it  for  his  place,  the 
Lord  Mayor  of  the  Citie  esteeming  it  his.  But  to  decide  the  doubt,  the  King's 
Majestic  merily  demaunded,  if  the  sword  being  his,  they  would  not  be  pleased, 
that  he  should  have  the  disposing  thereof;  whereunto  when  they  humbly  answered 
it  was  all  in  his  pleasure,  his  Highnesse  delivered  the  sword  to  one  that  knew  wel 
how  to  use  a  sword,  having  beene  tryed  both  at  sea  and  on  shoare,  the  thrise 
honoured  Earle  of  Cumberland1,  who  bare  it  before  his  Majestic,  ryding  in  great 
state  from  the  Gate  to  the  Minster.  In  which  way  there  was  a  conduit  that  all 
the  day  long  ran  white  and  claret  wine,  every  man  to  drinke  as  much  as  he  listed. 
From  the  Minster  his  Majestic  went  on  foote  to  his  owne  house,  being  the  Manner 
of  St.  Marie's,  having  all  the  way  a  rich  canopie  over  his  head,  supported  by  foure 
Knights;  and  being  brought  thither  he  was  honourably  received  by  the  Lord  Bur- 
leigh,  who  gave  cheerfull  entertainment  to  all  the  followers  of  his  Majestic  during 
the  time  of  his  continuance  at  Yorke3. 

1  The  accomplished  Lady  Anne  Clifford,  afterwards  successively  Countess  of  Dorset  and  Pembroke, 
daughter  of  the  Earl  of  Cumberland,  whose  account  of  the  Death  and  Funeral  of  (Queen  Eliza- 
beth has  been  given  in  the  Preface  to  the  "  Elizabethan  Progresses,"  thus  notices  the  dispute :  "  As 
the  King  came  out  of  Scotland,  when  he  lay  at  Yeorke,  ther  was  a  striffe  betweene  my  Father  and 
my  Lord  Burleighe,  who  was  then  President,  who  should  carie  the  sword  j  but  it  was  adjudged  on 
my  Father's  side,  because  it  was  his  office  by  inheritance^  and  so  is  lineally  descended  on  me." 

'  Dr.  Drake,  in  his  account  of  this  Royal  Visit,  says,  "  Master  Edward  Howes,  the  Continuator  of 
Stow's  History,  seems,  by  the  particularity  of  this  affair,  which  I  have  taken  from  him,  to  have  been 
either  a  native  or  an  inhabitant  of  this  City,  or  one  at  least,  that  paid  great  attention  to  the  affairs 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   IN    THE   CITV   OF   YORK,   1603.  79 

The  IJth  day,  being  Sunday,  his  Majestie  passed  towards  Yorke  Minster,  being 
one  of  the  goodliest  Minsters  in  all  the  land;  England  being  as  famous  for 
Churches  as  any  one  Kingdom  in  Europe,  if  they  were  kept  in  reparations  as  that 
Minster  is.  To  this  Minster  the  King  passed  to  hear  the  Sermon;  and  at  the  Gate 

of  it.  The  reader  will  the  more  readily  come  into  my  conjecture  when  he  sees  the  account  this 
author  gives  of  King  James's  reception  into  York,  in  his  first  Progress  from  Edinborough  to  London, 
which  1  shall  beg  leave  to  give  in  his  own  words :  "  The  Lord  Maior  and  Aldermen  of  Yorke,  uppon 
certayne  knowledge  of  the  King's  journey  into  England,  with  all  diligence  consulted  what  was  fittest 
to  be  done  for  the  receiving  and  entertaining  of  so  naightte  and  gratious  a  Soveraygne,  as  well  within 
the  Cittie,  as  the  utmost  bounds  and  limits  thereof;  as  also  what  further  service  or  duteous  respect 
they  ought  to  shew  to  his  Majestie  uppon  so  good  and  memorable  occasion  as  now  was  offered  unto 
them ;  and  thereupon  they  sent  Robert  Askwith,  Alderman,  unto  Newcastle,  and  there  in  the  behalfe 
of  the  Lord  Maior  and  Cittizens  of  Yorke  to  make  tender  of  their  zealous  love  and  dutie,  for  the 
which  his  Majestie  gave  them  heartie  thankes.  And  uppon  Satturday,  the  sixteenth  of  Aprill,  John 
Robinson  and  George  Bucke,  Sheriffes  of  Yorke,  with  their  white  roddes,  being  accompanied  with  an 
hundredth  Cittizens,  and  threescore  others,  Esquires,  Gentlemen,  and  others,  the  most  substantiall 
persons,  being  all  well  mounted ;  they  received  the  King  at  the  East  end  of  the  Skip  Bridge,  which 
was  the  utmost  bounds  of  the  liberties  of  the  Cittie  of  Yorke ;  and  there  kneeling,  the  Sheriffes  deli- 
vered their  white  roddes  unto  the  King,  with  acknowledgements  of  their  love  and  allegeance  unto 
his  Majestie  ;  for  the  which,  the  King  with  cheerefull  countenaunce  thanked  them,  and  gave  them 
their  roddes  agayne,  the  which  they  carried  upright  in  their  hands,  ryding  all  the  way  next  before 
the  Sergeants  at  Armes.  And  before  the  King  came  to  the  Citie,  his  Majestie  had  sent  Syr  Thomas 
Challenor  to  the  Lord  Mayor  and  Aldermen,  to  knowe  who  formerlie  hadde  borne  the  sword  before 
the  Kinges  of  England,  at  their  comming  to  Yorke,  and  to  whom  of  right  that  office  for  that  tyme 
appertayned,  because  it  had  beene  aunciently  performed  by  the  Earles  of  Cumberland,  as  hereditary 
to  that  house,  but  was  now  challenged  by  the  Lord  President  of  the  North,  for  the  time  being,  as 
proper  to  his  place;  but  after  due  search  and  examination,  it  was  agreed  that  the  honor  to  bare 
the  sword  before  the  King  in  Yorke,  belonged  unto  George  Earle  of  Cumberland,  who  all  the  while 
the  King  was  in  Yorke  bare  the  sword,  for  so  the  King  willed,  and  to  that  purpose  sent  Syr  Thomas 
Challoner  agayne  to  the  Lord  Maior ;  and  the  Lord  Maior  bare  the  great  mace  of  the  Cittie,  going 
alwayes  on  the  left  hand  of  the  Earle.  And  when  the  King  came  to  the  Cittie,  which  was  well  pre- 
pared to  give  his  Highnesse  and  his  Royall  trayne  entertainment,  then  the  Lord  Maior,  with  the 
twelve  Aldermen  in  their  scarlet  robes,  and  the  foure  and  twenty  in  criraosin  gownes,  accompanyed 
with  many  other  of  the  gravest  mcnne,  met  the  King  at  Micklegate,  his  Majestic  going  betwecne  the 
Duke  of  Linneox  and  the  Lord  Hume.  And  when  the  King  came  neere  the  scaffolde,  where  the 
Lord  Maior,  with  the  Recorder,  the  twelve  Aldermen,  and  the  foure  and  twemie,  all  kneeling,  the 
I.ord  Maior  sayd,  "  Most  high  and  mightie  Prince,  I  and  my  Brethren  doe  most  heartily  wellcome 
your  Majestie  to  your  Highnesse's  Cittie,  and  in  token  of  our  duties,  I  deliver  unto  your  Majestie  all 
my  authorise  of  this  your  Highnesse  Citiie ;"  and  then  rose  uppe  and  kissed  the  sword,  and  delivered 
it  into  the  Kinge's  hand,  and  the  King  gave  it  to  the  Duke  of  Linneox,  who  according  to  the  Kinge's 
appoyntment  delivered  it  unto  the  Earle  of  Cumberland  to  beare  it  before  his  Majestic.  The  Lord 


8o  THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  IN  THE  CITY  or  YORK,  1603. 

a  coach  was  offered  to  his  Highnesse,  but  he  graciously  answered,  "  I  will  have 
no  coach  ;  for  the  people  are  desirous  to  see  a  King,  and  so  they  shall,  for  they 
shall  as  well  see  his  body  as  his  face."  So  to  the  great  comfort  of  the  people,  he 
went  on  foote  to  Church,  and  there  he  heard  the  Sermon  which  was  preached  by 

Maior  also  delivered  up  the  keyes  of  the  Cittie,  the  which  the  Lord  Hume  received,  and  carryed  them 
to  the  Mannor.  And  when  the  Recorder  hadde  ended  his  grave  Oration  in  the  behalfe  of  the  Cittie, 
then  the  Lord  Maior,  as  the  King  commaunded,  tooke  horse  and  bare  the  Cittie  mace,  ryding  on  the 
left  hand  of  the  Earle  of  Cumberland,  who  bare  the  sword  of  the  Cittie,  and  so  attended  his  Majestic 
to  Saint  Peter's  Church,  and  was  there  Royally  received,  by  the  Deane  and  Prebends,  and  the  whole 
quyer  of  singing  menne  of  that  Cathedrall  Church,  in  their  richest  coapes.  At  the  entrance  into 
the  Church,  the  Deane  made  a  learned  Oration  in  Laline ;  which  ended,  the  King  ascended  the  quyer, 
the  canapa  being  supported  by  sixe  Lords,  and  was  placed  in  a  throne  prepared  for  his  Majestie  j 
and  during  divine  service,  there  came  three  Sergeants  at  Armes,  with  their  maces,  pressing  to  stand 
by  the  throne,  to  attend  the  person  of  the  King ;  but  the  Earle  of  Cumberland  put  them  downe, 
saying,  that  place  for  that  tyme  belonged  to  him  and  the  Lord  Maior,  and  not  to  them.  Divine  ser- 
vice being  ended,  the  King  returned  in  the  same  Royall  manner  hee  came :  the  canapa  being  carryed 
over  him  unto  the  Mannor  of  Saynt  Marie's,  where  the  Lorde  Burleigh  and  Counsel!  gave  their  attend- 
ance, and  received  his  Majestie ;  where  Doctor  Benet  having  ended  his  eloquent  Oration,  the  King 
went  into  his  chamber,  the  sword  and  mace  being  there  borne  by  the  Earle  and  Lord  Maior,  who  left 
the  sword  and  mace  there  that  night ;  and  when  the  Lord  Maior  was  to  depart,  the  Lord  Hume  deli- 
vered him  agayne  the  keyes  of  the  Cittie.  The  next  day,  being  Sundaie  the  seaventeenth  of  Aprill, 
one  thousand  sixe  hundred  and  three,  the  Lord  Maior,  with  the  Recorder,  the  Aldermen,  the  Sheriffes, 
and  the  twentie  foure,  with  all  their  chiefe  Officers,  and  the  Preacher  of  the  Cittie,  and  Towne  Clarke, 
in  very  comely  order  went  unto  the  Mannor ;  of  whom,  so  soone  as  the  King  had  knowledge  of  their 
comming,  willed  that  so  many  of  them  as  the  roome  would  permitte  should  come  into  the  Privie 
Chamber,  where  the  Lord  Maior  and  the  rest  presented  his  Majestie  with  a  fayre  cuppe,  with  a  cover 
of  silver  and  gilt,  weighing  seaventie  and  three  ounces,  and  in  the  same  two  hundred  angels  of  golde ; 
and  the  Lord  Maior  said,  "  Most  high  and  mightie  Prince,  I  and  my  Brethren,  and  all  the  whole  Com- 
munaUie  of  this  your  Highnesse  Cittie,  present  unto  your  most  excellent  Majestie  this  cuppe  and 
golde,  in  token  of  the  dutifull  affection  and  love  we  beare  your  Highnesse  in  our  hearts,  most  hum- 
blie  beseeching  your  Highnesse  favourable  acceptance  thereof,  and  your  most  gratious  favour  to  this 
your  Highnesse  Cittie  of  Yorke  j"  the  which  his  Majestie  very  gratiously  accepted,  and  sayd  unto 
them,  "  God  will  blesse  you  the  better  for  your  good  will  towards  your  King."  The  Lord  Maior 
humblie  besought  the  King  to  dine  with  him  uppon  the  next  Tuesdaie.  The  King  answered,  hee 
should  ride  thence  before  that  time,  but  hee  would  breake  his  fast  with  him  in  the  next  morning. 
This  Sunday  the  King  went  to  the  Minster,  and  heard  a  Sermon  made  by  the  Deane,  who  was 
Bysboppe  of  Limericke  in  Ireland ;  the  Lord  Maior,  Aldermen,  the  Sherifies,  and  foure  and  twentie, 
attended  uppon  the  King,  the  Earle  still  bearing  the  sword,  the  Lord  Maior  the  mace,  and  the 
Sheriffes  bearing  up  their  rodds,  as  well  within  the  Church  as  in  the  streets,  marching  before  the 
King  unto  the  Mannor.  The  next  day,  being  Monday,  at  nine  o'clock,  the  Lord  Maior  came  unto 
the  Mannor,  being  accompanied  and  attended  with  the  Recorder,  the  Aldermen,  the  foure  and  twentie, 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   IN   THE    CITY    OF   YORK,  l603-  8l 

the  Bishop  of  Lymrick ',  whose  doctrine  and  methode  of  teaching  was  highly  by 
Ivs  Majestie  commended.  And  what  his  judgement  is,  is  as  extant  to  us  all  of 
any  understanding,  as  the  light  of  the  cleare  mid-day,  or  sunne,  to  every  perfect 
eye.  The  Sermon  ended,  his  Majestie  returned  afoote  in  the  same  sort  as  he  came 
to  his  Manner,  where  he  was  royally  feasted.  This  Sunday  there  was  a  Semi- 
nary Priest  apprehended,  who  before  (under  the  title  of  a  Gentleman)  had  deli- 
vered a  petition  to  his  Majestie,  in  the  name  of  the  English  Catholikes;  when  he 
was  taken,  his  Highnesse  had  some  conference  with  him,  but  by  reason  of  other 
greate  affaires  he  referred  him  to  be  further  examined  by  the  Bishop  of  Limbricke, 
who  presenting  the  effects  of  his  examination,  the  priest  was  the  next  day  com- 

and  others,  and  attended  there ;  and  at  ten  of  the  clocke,  the  King,  with  his  Royall  traine,  went  to 
the  Lord  Maior's  house,  and  there  dined.  After  dinner  the  King  walked  to  the  Deane's  house,  and 
was  there  entertained  with  a  banquet;  at  the  Deanrie  the  King  tooke  horse,  and  passed  through  the 
Citie  forth  Micklegate,  towards  Grirastone,  unto  the  house  of  Sir  Edward  Stanhope;  the  Earle  of 
Cumberland  and  the  Lord  Maior  beareing  the  sword  and  mace  before  the  King,  untill  they  came  to 
the  house  of  St.  Kathren,  at  which  place  the  Earle  sayd,  "  Is  it  your  Majestie's  pleasure  that  I  deliver 
the  sword  againe  unto  the  Lord  Maior,  for  he  is  now  at  the  utmost  parts  of  the  Liberties  of  this 
Citie?"  Then  the  King  willed  the  Earle  to  deliver  the  Maior  his  sword  againe.  Then  the  Maior 
alighted  from  his  horse,  and  kneeling,  tooke  his  leave  of  the  King;  and  the  King,  pulling  off  his 
glove,  tooke  the  Maior  by  the  hand,  and  gave  him  thankes,  and  so  rode  towards  Grimston,  being 
attended  by  the  Shireffes,  unto  the  midell  of  Tadcaster  Bridge,  being  the  utmost  bounds  of  their 
Liberties.  The  next  day  the  Lord  Maior,  according  as  he  was  commaunded  by  a  Nobleman,  came  in 
the  morning  unto  the  Court  at  Grimston,  accompanied  by  the  Recorder,  and  foure  of  his  Brethren, 
viz.  W.  Robinson,  James  Birkbie,  William  Greeneburne,  and  Robert  Askwith,  and  certaine  chiefe 
Officers  of  the  Cittie ;  and  when  his  Majestie  understood  of  their  comming,  he  willed  that  the  Maior, 
with  Master  Robinson  and  Master  Birkbie,  should  be  brought  up  into  his  bed-chamber ;  and  the 
King  sayd,  "  My  Lord  Maior,  our  meaning  was  to  have  bestowed  a  Knighthood  upon  you  in  your 
owne  house,  but  the  companie  being  so  great,  we  rather  thought  it  good  to  have  you  heare ;"  and 
then  his  Majesty  Knighted  the  Lord  Maior,  for  which  honour  the  Lord  Maior  gave  his  Majestie  most 
humble  and  hartie  thankes,  and  returned.  This  was  the  first  reception  King  James  met  with  in  the 
City  of  York  from  the  Citizens;  and  it  was  here  also,  that  all  the  Lords  of  the  Council  did  attend 
his  Majesty ;  and  all  preparation  was  made  that  he  might  appear,  says  an  historian,  in  that  northern 
metropolis  like  a  King  of  England,  and  take  that  state  on  him  which  was  not  known  in  Scotland. 
The  King  seemed  so  much  pleased  with  the  duty  and  honours  paid  him  by  the  Lord  Mayor  and  Citi- 
zens, that  at  dinner  with  them  he  expressed  himself  much  in  favour  of  the  City,  seemed  concerned 
that  their  river  was  in  so  bad  a  condition,  and  said,  "  it  should  be  made  more  navigable,  and  that  he 
himself  would  come  and  be  a  Burgess  among  them." 

1  Dr.  John  Thornborough,  of  Magdalen  College,  Oxon,  Prebendary  of  York,  March  1589,  Dean,  in 
October  of  the  same  year,  Bishop  of  Limerick  1593,  Bristol  1603,  Worcester  1616,  till  which  time  he 
held  his  Deanry  in  commendam.  He  died  at  Hartleburv  Castle,  July  1641,  and  was  buried  at  Worcet- 
ter,  where  he  had  in  his  life-time  erected  himself  a  tomb,  containing  his  effigies  in  his  Episcopal 
habit,  and  some  singular  inscriptions. 

VOL.   1.  M 


8'2  THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    IN    THE    CITY    OF    YORK,   16*03. 

mitted.  Dinner  being  ended,  his  Majestic  walked  into  the  Garden  of  the  Pallace, 
being  a  most  delightfull  place;  where  there  awaited  him  a  number  of  Gentlemen 
of  great  name  and  worth,  whose  commendations  he  received  from  honourable 
persons,  and  beheld  honour  charactred  in  their  faces.  For  this  is  oneespeciall  note 
in  his  Majestic;  any  man  that  hath  ought  with  him,  let  him  be  sure  he  have  a  just 
cause,  for  he  beholdes  all  men's  faces  with  stedfastnesse,  and  commonly  the  looke 
is  the  window  for  the  heart.  Well,  to  that  I  should  handle, — amongst  these 
Gentlemen  it  pleased  his  Majestic  to  make  choice  of  the  following,  whom  he 
graced  with  the  honour  of  Knighthood  l : 
Sir  William  Cecil  (afterwards  Lord  Sir  Henrie  Griffith,  of  Yorkshire. 

Burleigh,  and  Earl  of  Exeter.)  Sir  Francis  Boynton,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Edrnond  Trafford,  of  Lancashire.  Sir  Henrie  Cholmley,  of  Yorkshire. 
Sir  Thomas  Holcraft,  of  Lancashire.  Sir  Richard  Gargrave,  of  Yorkshire. 
Sir  John  Mallorie,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Marmaduke  Grimstone,  of  Yorksh. 

Sir  William  Inglesbey,  of  Yorkshire.        Sir  Lancelot  Alford,  of  Yorkshire. 
Sir  Philip  Constable,  of  Durham.  Sir  Ralph  Eliker,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Christopher  Haward,  of  Yorkshire.     Sir  George  Fravil2,  of  Durham. 
Sir  Robert  Swift,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Major  [Mauger]  Vavasor,  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Richard  Worthley,  of  Yorkshire.         Sir  Ralph  Babthorp,  of  Yorkshire. 
Sir  Henrie  Bellouseyes,  of  Yorkshire.       Sir  Richard  Lender. 
Sir  Thomas  Ferfax,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Walter  Crape. 

The  same  day  his  Majestie  caused  five  Gentlemen  to  be  sworn  his  Servants, 
which  served  Queene  Elizabeth  beforetime,  whose  names  were  Mr.  Richard  Con- 
nisbie,  Mr.  George  Pollard,  Ushers  Dayly  Waiters;  Mr.  Thomas  Rolles  and  Mr. 
Hariffe,  Gentlemen  Quarter  Waiters;  and  Mr.  Richard  Redhead,  Gentleman 
Sewer  in  ordinarie  of  his  Majestie's  chamber.  This  day  likewise,  the  Maior  of 
Kingstone-upon-Hull3  delivered  to  his  Majestie  a  petition,  which  was  also  sub- 
scribed and  justified  by  divers  Aldermen  of  the  said  Towne,  to  be  done  in  behalfe 

1  In  this  and  the  following  lists  of  Knights,  some  few  more  names,  the  Counties  from  which  each 
Knight  came,  and  sometimes  the  Christian  names,  are  added  from  "  Philipot's  Catalogue,"  noticed  in 
p.  54.  Where  any  material  difference  in  the  Christian  name  or  spelling  of  the  surnames  appeared 
on  comparing  the  two  lists,  is  it  here  placed  between  crotchets. 

1  See  the  first  note  in  p.  76. 

3  "  During  his  Majesty's  stay  at  York,  the  Mayor  and  Aldermen  of  Hull  sent  the  Recorder  and 
several  of  their  body,  to  congratulate  him  on  his  accession  to  the  Crown,  in  behalf  of  the  whole  Town, 
and  to  make  tender  of  their  zealous  love  and  duty ;  for  which  his  Majesty  gave  them  his  hearty  thanks 
and  a  very  gracious  reception."  Tickell's  History  of  Hull. 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    IN    THE    CITY    OF    YORK,   1603-  83 

of  all  the  poore  inhabitants,  who  with  one  voyce  besought  his  Majestic  that  they 
might  be  relieved  and  succoured  against  the  dayly  spoiles  done  to  them  by  those 
of  Dunkirk,  that  had  long  molested  them,  and  other  the  English  coastmen.  His 
Highnesse,  as  he  is  naturally  inclined  to  much  pitie,  so  at  that  time  he  seemed  to 
have  great  compassion  of  their  wrongs  and  afflictions,  which  were  not  hidden 
from  him,  though  they  had  beene  silent;  but  he  comforted  them  with  this 
princely  and  heroicke  reply,  "  That  he  would  defend  them,  and  no  Dunkirker 
should  after  dare  to  doc  any  of  his  subjects  wrong."  In  which  assurance  they 
departed,  and  no  doubt  shall  finde  the  effect  of  this  kingly  promise.  I  told  you 
before  what  bounty  the  Lord  Burleigh  used,  during  the  continuance  of  the  King's 
Majestic  in  the  Manner;  but  it  was  indeed  exceeding  all  the  rest  in  any  place  of 
England  before,  buttries,  pantries,  and  sellars  alwayes  held  open  in  great  abund- 
ance for  all  commers. 

Munday,  being  the  l8th  day,  his  Majestic  was  feasted  by  the  Lord  Mayor  of 
Yorke,  whom  he  knighted  by  the  name  of  Sir  Robert  Walter,  at  whose  house 
there  was  such  plentie  of  all  dilicates  as  could  be  possibly  devised.  After  dinner, 
his  Majestic  following  the  rule  of  mercy  he  had  begun  with,  commanded  all  the 
prisoners  to  be  set  at  libertie,  except  Papists  and  wilfull  murtherers.  Which  deed 
of  charitie  effected,  he  left  Yorke  and  rode  to  Grimstone  ',  being  a  house  of  Sir 
Edward  Stanhop's,  where  he  lay  that  night,  and  dined  the  next  day,  his  Majestie 
and  all  his  Traine  having  there  most  bountiful!  entertainment;  all  the  offices  in 
the  house  standing  open  for  all  commers,  every  man  without  checke  eating  and 
drinking  at  pleasure. 

Before  his  Majestie  departed  from  Grimstone,  he  knighted  these  Gentlemen: 
Sir  Roger  Aston,  of  Cheshire.  Sir  Charles  Montague,  Northamptonsh. 

Sir  Thomas  Aston,  of  Cheshire.  Sir  Thomas  Dawney,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Holt,  of  Cheshire.  Sir  William  Bambro8,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  James  Harington,  of  Rutland.  Sir  Francis  Lovel,  of  Norfolk. 

1  Grimston  Hall,  in  the  parish  of  Kirby  Wreke,  is  12  miles  from  York,  and  13  from  Pontefract. 
Sir  Edward  Stanhope,  who  there  had  the  honour  of  entertaining  the  King,  was  High  Sheriff  of  York- 
shire in  1616. — Grimston  Hall  is  now  the  property  of  a  Nobleman  of  high  distinction; — Sir  John 
Francis  Cradock,  of  Grimston  Hall,  was  created  a  Baron  of  Ireland  by  the  title  of  Baron  Howden,  of 
Grimston  and  Spaldington,  in  the  county  of  York,  and  of  Cradock's  Town  in  the  county  of  Kildare, 
Oct.  19,  1819.  His  Lordship's  family  is  of  ancient  Welsh  origin,  claiming  descent  from  Caradoc, 
and  the  ancient  Princes  of  Wales:  the  name  being  properly  Caradoc.  His  Lordship's  Father,  John 
Cradock,  was  Archbishop  of  Dublin,  and  died  in  1*78. 

1  Of  Howton,  who  was  created  a  Baronet  Dec.  1,  1619,  but  the  title  became  extinct  with  him. 


84  THE    KING    VISITS    POMFRET,    DONCASTER,    AND    BAWTRY, 

Sir  Thomas  Gerret J,  of  Lancashire.  Sir  Richard  Musgrave,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Ralph  Conisbie,  of  Hertfordshire. 

The  19th  day,  being  Tuesday,  his  Majestic  tooke  his  journey  towards  Doncas- 
ter,  where  by  the  way  he  went  to  Pomfret2  to  see  the  Castle;  which  when  he  had 
at  pleasure  viewed,  he  tooke  an  horse  and  rode  to  Doncaster  3,  where  he  lodged  all 
night  at  the  sign  of  the  Bear,  in  an  inne,  giving  the  hoast  of  the  house,  for  his 
good  entertainment,  a  lease  of  a  mannor-house  in  reversion,  of  good  value. 

The  20th  day,  being  Wednesday,  his  Majestie  rode  towards  Worksop,  the 
noble  Earle  of  Shrewsburie's  House4 ;  and  at  Bautrie5,  the  High  Shirife  of  York- 

1  Sir  Thomas  Gerrard,  of  Bryn,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Lancashire  in  1553  and  1558,  and  a  great  suf- 
ferer on  account  of  the  Queen  of  Scots.  He  was  created  a  Baronet  May  22,  1611,  with  peculiar  favour, 
which  will  be  further  noticed  under  that  year. 

'  Pontefract,  a  town  famous  in  English  history,  is  pleasantly  situated,  crowning  a  beautiful  emi- 
nence, and  is  approached  on  every  side  by  a  considerable  ascent.  The  Castle  was  built  by  Ilbert  de 
Lacy,  the  first  Norman  possessor  of  Pontefract,  on  an  elevated  rock,  commanding  the  most  extensive 
and  picturesque  views  of  the  surrounding  country.  The  North-west  prospect  takes  in  the  beautiful 
vale,  along  which  flows  the  Aire,  skirted  on  each  side  by  woods  and  plantations,  and  ornamented  with 
several  elegant  and  beautiful  seats.  It  is  bounded  only  by  the  hills  of  Craven.  The  North  and 
North-east  prospect  is  more  extensive,  but  the  scenery  not  equally  striking  and  impressive.  It  pre- 
sents little  more  than  a  view  of  farm-houses  and  villages ;  and  all  the  bolder  features  of  a  fine  land- 
scape are  wanting.  The  towers  of  York  Minster  are  distinctly  seen,  and  the  prospect  is  only 
bounded  by  the  limits  of  vision.  The  East  view  is  equally  extensive,  but  more  pleasing.  While  the 
eye  follows  the  course  of  the  Aire  towards  the  Humber,  the  fertility  of  the  country,  the  spires  of 
several  churches,  and  two  considerable  hills,  Brayton  Barf  and  Hambleton  Haugh,  which  rise  in  the 
midst  of  a  plain ;  and  one  of  which  is  covered  with  wood,  relieve  the  prospect,  and  considerably  add 
to  its  beauty.  The  South-east  view,  which  takes  in  a  part  of  Lincoln  and  Nottingham,  though  exten- 
sive, has  nothing  deserving  of  notice.  The  South  and  South-west  prospect  comprises  a  rich  variety 
of  grand  and  sublime  objects.  The  towering  hills  of  Derbyshire,  stretching  towards  Lancashire 
from  the  horizon,  while  the  foreground  is  enlivened  by  a  view  of  Gentlemen's  seats  and  a  picturesque 
country.  After  having  been  the  theatre  of  many  interesting  scenes  in  the  sanguinary  wars  between 
the  Houses  of  York  and  Lancaster,  Pontefract  Castle  was  finally  demolished  by  the  Parliamentarian 
forces  in  the  rebellion  against  Charles  the  First.  The  tremendous  effects  of  artillery  had  shattered 
its  massy  walls  ;  and  its  demolition  was  completed  by  order  of  Parliament.  Within  two  months  after 
its  reduction,  the  buildings  were  unroofed,  and  all  the  valuable  materials  sold.  Thus  was  this  princely 
fortress,  which  had  long  been  considered  as  the  glory  and  pride  of  Pontefract,  reduced  to  a  heap  of 
ruins.  At  this  day,  little  even  of  these  ruins  remain  ;  but  when  they  shall  all  have  disappeared,  the 
vast  and  solid  mound  will  still  excite  serious  reflections  on  the  instability  of  human  greatness. 

1  "  King  James  I.  lodged  at  Doncaster,  at  the  sign  of  the  Sun  and  Bear."     Miller's  Doncaster,  p.52. 

4  Gilbert  Talbot,  seventh  Earl  of  Shrewsbury.     See  pp.  86,  87- 

5  A  small  market  town,  situate  partly  in  the  parish  of  Scrooby  in  Yorkshire,  and  partly  in  that  of 
Blyth  in  Nottinghamshire,  is  a  chapelry  dependent  on  the  Vicarage  of  Blyth.     The  division   of 
the  two  Counties  is  marked  by  a  small  current  of  water  in  the  yard  of  the  Crown  Inn.     The  Arch- 


THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  AT  BLYTH,  l603-  &5 

shire  tooke  his  leave  of  the  King;  and  there  Mr.  Askoth  ',  the  High  Shiriffe  of 
Nottinghamshire,  received  him,  being  gallantly  appointed  both  with  horse  and 
man  ;  and  so  he  conducted  his  Majestic  on,  till  he  came  within  a  mile  of  Blyth  *, 
where  his  Highnesse  lighted,  and  sat  downe  on  a  banke  side  toeate  and  drinke. — 
After  his  Majestie's  short  repast,  to  Worksop3  his  Majestic  rides  forward;  but  by 

bishop  of  York  had  then  a  Palace  at  Scrooby ;  but  we  do  not  find  that  the  King  stopped  there,  or 
that  Archbishop  Hutton  attended  on  him  in  his  own  Cathedral. 

'  Mr.  Ascough  was  appointed  High  Sheriff  in  the  last  year  of  Queen  Elizabeth's  Reign. 

5  The  manor  of  Blythe  was  at  that  time  the  property  of  Sir  Gervase  Clifton,  whose  residence  was  at 
Clifton ;  but,  as  Blyth  Hall  was  also  his  occasional  residence,  the  King's  rural  repast  was  probably  sup- 
plied from  his  stores. — We  learn  from  Thoroton  that  Sir  Gervase  Clifton"  was  generally  the  most  noted 
person  of  his  time  for  courtesy  ;  and  that  he  was  very  prosperous,  and  beloved  by  all.  He  geneiously, 
hospitably,  and  charitably  entertained  all,  from  the  King  to  the  poorest  beggar.  He  served  eight  times 
in  Parliament ;  was  an  extraordinary  kind  landlord  and  good  master;  husband  to  seven  wives.  He 
received  the  honour  of  Knighthood  early,  and  was  in  the  first  list  of  Baronets  in  May  1611. 
Hi-  port  and  hospitality  exceeded  very  many  of  the  Nobility,  and  his  continuance  in  it  most  men, 
being  almost  fourscore  years  lord  of  this  place,  of  a  sound  body  and  a  cheerful  facetious  spirit ;  yet 
in  his  latter  time  timorous,  so  that  his  last  part  was  miracle  enough  to  convert  an  Atheist,  to  see  his 
Christianity  so  far  prevail  over  his  nature,  that  without  the  least  shadow  of  fear,  unwearied  with  pain, 
grief,  or  sickness,  he  left  the  choicest  things  of  this  world  with  as  great  pleasure  as  others  enjoy 
them.  He  received  from  me  the  certain  notice  of  his  near  approaching  death,  as  he  was  wont  to  do  an 
invitation  of  good  friends  to  his  own  bowling-green  (one  of  the  most  pleasant  imaginable),  and  there- 
upon immediately  called  for  his  old  Chaplain  Mr.  Robert  Thirleby,  to  do  the  office  of  his  Confessor, 
as  if  it  had  been  to  attend  him  to  that  recreation  he  often  used  and  loved  ;  and  when  he  had  done 
with  him,  for  his  children,  whom,  Patriarch-like,  he  particularly  blessed  and  admonished  with  the 
smartness  and  ingenuity  of  an  excellent  and  well-studied  Orator.  The  day  following  he  received 
visits  from  divers  friends,  in  the  old  dining-room  near  his  bed-chamber,  who  were  not  so  sensible  of 
his  danger,  because  he  entertained  them  after  his  usuall  manner ;  yet  that  night  (as  I  easily  foretold 
him)  his  sleepiness  begun,  which  could  never  be  taken  away.  He  died  June  28,  1666." 

Throsby's  Edition  of  Thoroton's  History  of  Nottinghamshire,  vol.  I.  p.  108. 

On  the  iite  of  the  old  mansion  at  Blyth,  a  new  one  was  erected  near  the  close  of  the  seventeenth 
century,  by  Edward  Mellish,  Esq.  an  eminent  merchant,  who,  after  residing  twenty  years  in  Portugal, 
returned  to  this  place,  where  he  died  in  1"03,  aged  11,  and  has  a  splendid  monument  in  Blyth 
church.  The  house,  still  the  property  of  his  descendants,  is  a  building  of  considerable  magnitude, 
of  brick  ornamented  with  stone.  Far  and  near,  u]>on  this  domain,  are  clumps  of  fir,  and  plantations 
rising  all  around  you  in  this  part  of  the  forest,  which  seem  congenial  with  the  soil.  Here  are  appen- 
dages of  water  and  pleasure  grounds,  as  in  other  family  residences,  but  nothing  extraordinarily 
striking.  The  views  hence  have  extension,  and  in  some  places  variety,  to  gratify  the  mind  accustomed 
to  contemplate  the  beauties  of  nature  blended  with  village  and  church  scenery. 

3  Worksop  manor  stands  in  the  centre  of  an  extensive  park,  eight  miles  in  circumference,  ind 


86  THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  IN  WORKSOP  PARK,  1603. 

the  way,  in  the  parke,  he  was  somewhat  stayed,  for  there  appeared  a  number  of 
huntsmen  all  in  greene,  the  chiefe  of  which  with  a  Woodman's  Speech  did  wel- 
come him,  offering  his  Majestic  to  shew  him  some  game,  which  he  gladly  con- 
discended  to  see ;  and,  with  a  traine  set,  he  hunted  a  good  space,  very  much 
delighted  ;  at  last  he  went  into  the  house,  where  he  was  so  nobly  received  with 
superfluitie  of  all  things,  that  still  every  entertainment  seemed  to  exceed  other1. 

* 

containing  mueh  fine  timber,  some  of  it  so  ancient  as  to  be  falling  into  decay.  The  fine  old  man- 
sion was  begun  to  be  built  by  George  Earl  of  Shrewsbury,  but  finished  by  Elizabeth  his  wife,  known 
by  the  name  of  Bessey  Hardwick,  who  married  four  husbands,  and  possessed  all  their  estates.  It  was 
accidentally  burnt  down  in  1761,  and  it  was  estimated  that  the  loss  sustained  in  paintings,  furniture, 
antique  statues,  many  of  which  were  of  the  Arundelian  collection,  and  in  the  library,  must  have 
amounted  to  upwards  of  e£.lOO,000.  Then  the  Duke,  on  this  unfortunate  event,  began  a  new 
house  on  a  most  magnificent  plan ;  and  now  the  present  building,  which  is  only  one  side  of  an  in- 
tended quadrangle,  is  not  unfit  for  the  residence  even  of  Majesty  itself. 

1  Of  this  hospitable  Entertainment  some  idea  may  be  formed  from  the  following  Letters  written 
previous  to  the  Royal  Visit : 

Gilbert  Earl  of  Shrewsbury  to  John  Harpur,  Esq.  (from  Hunter's  Hallamshire,  p.  93.) 

"  MR.  HARPUH,  Yt  niaye  be  I  shalbe  verie  shortly  in  thecuntrie,  and  perhaps  may  be  soe  happie  as 
to  entertaine  the  Kinge  our  Sov'aigne  at  Worsupp.  I  would  entreate  you  to  left  all  my  good  frends 
in  Derbyshire  and  Staffordshire  know  so  much,  to  the  end  that  I  may  have  theire  companie  against 
such  tyme  as  his  Matie  shall  come  thither.  I  know  not  how  soone.  If  yt  soe  hap  as  I  shall  know 
wthin  a  few  daics  the  certaintie  ;  but  then  yt  wilbe  to  late  for  your  horses  or  anie  thinge  else  to  be 
prepared,  uulesse  you  prepare  them  presently  upon  the  receipt  hereof.  All  things  heere  are  well, 
and  nothinge  but  unitie  and  good  agreement.  God  continue  yt.  Amen.  Amen. 

"  I  will  not  refuse  anie  fatt  capons  and  hennes,  partridges,  or  the  lyke,  yf  the  King  come  to  mee. 

"  At  my  chamber  in  Whytehalle  Pallace  the  30th  of  Marche,  beinge  Wednesdaie  at  night,  in  verie 
great  hast,  1C03.  Your  frend  moste  assured,  GILB.  SHREWSBURY." 

"  To  my  veiie  good  frend  Mr  John  Harpur,  Esq.  at  Swarston,  dd."     [See  p.  88.] 

On  the  Original  of  the  above  Letter  was  this  note,  which  shows  it  was  circulated  among  the  Gentle- 
men of  Derbyshire,  and  doubtless  contributed  to  collect  that  noble  appearance  of  Gentry  who  waited 
upon  King  James  at  Worksop :  "  I  received  this  letter  from  my  Cosine  Harpur,  that  you  Gentlemen 
may  see  yt,  and  consider  of  yt ;  and  withall  I  understand  by  him  that  Mr.  Henry  Cavendish  answered 
the  Nobleman  to  his  creditt,  wet  J  am  glad  of,  and  those  that  love  them.  John  Curson." 

George  Earl  of  Cumberland  to  the  Countess  Dowager  of  Shrewsbury,  1603. 

"  Good  Madam,  Pardon  my  thus  longe  silence,  havynge  beene  sence  my  cu'minge  from  you  soe 
trebled  with  preparyng  for  his  Mai.  cumminge  to  this  ruinated  place,  that  I  have  had  nether  leasure 
nor  fitt  meene  till  nowe,  when  I  dooe  as  I  will  ever  acknowledge  myselfe  soe  much  bound  to  you  for 
your  many  favorrs,  that  I  protest  you  shall  ever  co'mand  me,  and  would  be  as  glad  of  any  cause 
wherin  I  myght  shewe  it  as  of  any  fortune  that  could  happen  to  me;  which  I  praye  you  hould 
your  selfe  assured  of.  I  will  not  now  treble  your  La.  with  wrytyng  answere  to  the  speech  that 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   AT    WORKSOP,   1602.  87 

In  tliis  place,  besides  the  abundance  of  all  provision  and  delicacie,  there  was  most 
excellent  soule-ravishing  musique,  wherewith  his  Highnesse  was  not  a  little 
delighted.  At  Worksop  lie  rested  on  Wednesday  night,  and  in  the  morning 
stayed  breakfast;  which  ended,  there  was  such  store  of  provision  left,  of  foule, 
fish,  and  almost  every  thing,  besides  bread,  beere,  and  wine,  that  it  was  left  open 
for  any  man  that  would,  to  come  and  take. 

passed  betwyxt  hus  concernyng  my  Daughter,  nor  wiih  a  further  sute  that  I  am  forced  to  make  to 
you,  but  refer  all  to  this  berer,  whom  I  pray  your  La.  truste.  He  is  the  man  that  I  most  dooe.  Soe 
wyshyng  your  La.  all  happynes,  1  rest  ever  to  be  co'manded  by  you,  CUMBERLAND. 

"  To  the  Right  Honorable  and  my  verie  good  Lady,  the 

Countess  Dowager  of  Shrewsbury,  these,  dd."  (Hunter's  Hallamshire,  p.  93.) 

Frances  Pierrepoint  te  the  Countess  Dowager  of  Shrewsbury,  1603. 

"  May  it  please  your  Honour  ;  Sur  Jhon  Halles  cam  post  from  London  uppon  Tuesday  last,  and 
yesterday  went  towardes  Barwike,  wher  he  dothc  heare  be  on  of  the  Kinge's  Chamber,  that  his 
Majestic  will  be  on  Satterday  nexeste ;  and  ther  stay  until  he  hath  settled  the  parts  ther  aboutes. 
Also  he  sayeth  that  al  thinges  in  the  Southeren  partes  procede  peaceably  ;  only  my  Lord  Beauchamp 
is  sayd  to  mak  some  assemblyes,  which  he  hopeth  wil  suddenly  dissholfe  into  smoke,  his  forse  beyng 
feble  to  make  hede  agenst  so  grayt  an  unyon.  So  geveynge  your  honour  most  humble  thankcs  for 
inoste  honourable  and  continuall  bounty  to  me,  and  moste  humbli  cravyng  your  La',  blessinge,  I 
humblie  tak  my  leve  j  beseeching  the  Almighti  to  send  you  long  lyfe,  al  comfort  and  happiness.  This 
present  Friday.  Your  Ladyship's  humble  and  obedient  dauter,  F.  PIBRKEPONT. 

"  Mr.  Pierrepont  remembers  his  humble  duti  to  your  Honour." 

Directed,  "To  my  Lady."  (Hunters  Hall.uushire,  p.  93.) 

The  Earl  of  Shrewsbury  shortly  afterwards  received  under  his  hospitable  roof  the  Queen,  Prince 
Henry,  the  Lady  Elizabeth,  and  their  attendants.  He  was  continued  in  the  office  of  Privy  Coun- 
sellor by  King  James;  but,  except  the  Chief  Justiceship  in  Kyre  of  the  Forests  North  of  Trent, 
he  had  neither  honours  or  employment  from  the  new  Court.  His  time  was  tor  the  most  part 
spent  in  the  country.  His  name  still  lives  in  the  floating  traditions  of  Hallamshire;  and  to  "Earl 
Gilbert,"  by  popular  report,  belong  all  the  deeds  of  all  the  House  of  Shrewsbury,  and  even  some 
transactions  of  his  remoter  ancestors  the  Furnivals. 

Earl  Gilbert  died  in  1C1G',  without  male  issue;  and  the  noble  mansion  of  Worksop  came  by 
thk  marriage  of  his  daughter  Alcthea  to  Thomas  Howard,  Earl  of  Arundel,  the  celebrated  Collector 
of  the  Arutulelian  Marbles  ;  many  years  after  whose  death,  on  preparing  the  site  of  Arundel-house 
in  the  Strand  for  the  buildings  now  called  Arundel-street,  many  fragments  of  that  collection  of 
statues,  which  had  not  been  thought  worthy  of  being  removed  to  Worksop,  were  found  scattered 
about  the  garden  of  the  old  mansion  ;  and  were  thence  removed  to  Cuper's  Gardens,  a  plate  of  enter- 
tainment on  the  opposite  side  of  the  Thames,  where  they  remained  till  in  1717  they  were  sold  by  John 
Cuper  to  Mr.  Edmund  Waller,  of  Beaconsfiehl,  and  Mr.  John  Freeman,  of  Fawley  Court. — Of  these 
fragments  of  statues,  good  engravings  may  be  seen  in  Aubrey's  Surrey,  1719;  and  in  the  Bibliothcca 
Topographies  Britannica,  No.  XXXIX.  17SG. 


88         THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  AT  WORKSOP  AND  NEWARK,  1603. 

After  breakfast,  his  Majestie  prepared  to  remoove;  but,  before  his  departure, 
he  made  these  Gentlemen  Knights,  whose  names  are  following : 
Sir  John  Manners1,  of  Derbyshire.  Sir  HenriePerpoint4,of  Nottinghamsh. 

Sir  Henrie  Gray,  of  Bedfordshire.  Sir  Thomas  Grisbey  [Gresley],  of  Not- 

Sir  Francis  Newport,  of  Shropshire.  tinghamshire. 

Sir  Henrie  Beaumont3,  of  Leicestershire.  Sir  JohnBeeron[Biron5], Nottinghamsh. 
SirEdwardLockrane[Lorayn],Derbysh.  Sir  Percival  Willoughby,  of  Lincolnsh. 
Sir  Hugh  Smith,  of  Somersetshire.  Sir  Peter  Freschwell,  of  Derbyshire. 

SirEdmond  Lucie,  of  Warwickshire.  Sir  William  Skipwith6,  of  Leicestersh. 
SirEdmondCokin  [Cockain],  Derbysh.  SirRichard Sexton  [Thekeston],ofYork. 
Sir  John  Harpur3,  of  Derbyshire.  Sir  Thomas  Stanley,  of  Derbyshire. 

SirW.Damcourt[Davenport], Cheshire.     Sir  Walter  Cope,  of  Oxfordshire. 

The  21st,  being  Thursday,  his  Highnesse  tooke  his  way  towardes  New-warke- 
upon-Trent 7,  where  that  night  he  lodged  in  the  Castle,  being  his  owne  house, 

1  Sir  John  Manners,  second  son  of  Thomas  first  Earl  of  Rutland,  became  possessed  of  Haddon 
Hall  in  Derbyshire,  by  marriage  with  Dorothy,  daughter  and  coheir  of  Sir  George  Vernon,  commonly 
called  "King  of  the  Peak." — Sir  John  Manners  was  High  Sheriff  of  Derbyshire  1588,  and  again  in 
1597.  He  died  in  1611.  His  fine  old  mansion,  Haddon  Hall,  still  remains  one  of  the  finest  speci- 
mens of  an  old  English  Gentleman's  residence. 

*  Sir  Henry  Beaumont,  of  Cole  Orton,  Leicestershire,  was  descended  from  Louis  the  Eighth,  King 
of  France.  He  was  elected  Member  for  Leicestershire  in  1589,  High  Sheriff  in  1594,  and  died  March 
31,  1607.  He  presented  a  petition  to  the  King,  praying  to  be  restored  to  the  Viscounty  forfeited  by 
the  attainder  of  John  Viscount  Beaumont,  in  1491 ;  it  is  printed  in  Nichols's  Leicestershire,  vol.  Ill 
p.  735,  and  sets  forth  all  the  ancient  glories  of  his  race.  His  request  was  not  acceded  to,  but  his  son 
Thomas  became  a  Baronet  in  1619,  and  an  Irish  Peer  by  the  title  of  Viscount  Beaumont  in  1622. 

3  Of  Swarston,  Derbyshire.  (See  p.  86.)  He  was  High  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1580,  and 
died  in  1622.  His  third  son,  Henry  Harpur,  Esq.  of  Calke,  was  created  a  Baronet  in  1626. 

«  Sir  Henry  Pierre|>ont  was  of  Basingfield  and  Thoresby,  both  in  Nottinghamshire.  He  was  the 
immediate  Ancestor  of  the  Duke  of  Kingston,  and  of  the  present  Earl  Manvers.  See  his  Lady's  Let- 
ter in  p.  87.  5  Of  Newsted  Abbey,  father  of  John,  first  Lord  Byron. 

6  Sir  William  Skipwith,  of  Cotes,  co.  Leicester,  was  descended  from  an  ancient  family  of  Skipwith 
in  Yorkshire.     He  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  Leicestershire  in  1597,  and  was,  says  Fuller,  "  deservedly 
knighted."     He  was  Member  for  Leicestershire  in  1604,  and  died  May  3,   1610.     Burton,  in  his 
Description  of  Leicestershire,  1622,  highly  eulogizes  his  Learning  and  Poetry;  a  specimen  of  the 
latter  may  be  seen  in  Nichols's  Leicestershire,  vol.  III.  p.  367.     His  son  Henry  was  knighted  July  19, 
1609,  and  created  a  Baronet  in  1622. 

7  At  Newark  the  King  was  received  by  the  Corporation,  and  addressed  by  the  Alderman,  Mr.  John 
Twentyman  (the  Town  was  then  governed  by  an  Alderman  and  twelve  Assistants),  in  a  long  Latin 
Speech  ;  his  Majesty  was  so  well  satisfied,  that  he  conferred  upon  the  Orator  the  office  of  Purveyor  of 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT    NEWARK,   1603.  83 

where  the  Aldermen  of  New-warke  presented  his  Majestic  with  a  faire  gilt  cup, 
manifesting  their  duties  and  loving  hearts  to  him,  which  was  very  kindly  accepted. 
In  this  Towne,  and  in  the  Court,  was  taken  a  cut-purse  doing  the  deed;  and  being 
a  base  pilfering  theefe,  yet  was  a  Gentleman-like  in  the  outside.  This  fellow  had 
good  store  of  coyne  found  about  him ;  and  upon  examination  confessed  that  he 
had  from  Barwick  to  that  place  plaied  the  cut-purse  in  the  Court.  His  fellow  was 
ill  mist,  for  no  doubt  he  had  a  walking  mate ;  they  drew  togither  like  coach  horses, 
and  it  is  pitie  they  did  not  hang  togither;  for  his  Majestic  hearing  of  this  nim- 
ming  gallant  directed  a  warrant  presently  to  the  Recorder  of  New-warke,  to  have 
him  hanged,  which  was  accordingly  executed.  This  bearing  srnal  comfort  to  all 
the  rest  of  his  pilfering  facultie,  that  the  first  subject  that  suffered  death  in  Eng- 
land in  the  Raigne  of  King  James  was  a  cut-purse,  which  fault,  if  they  amend 
not,  Heaven  sodainly  send  the  rest1. 

The  King,  ere  he  went  from  New-warke,  as  he  had  commanded  this  silken 
base  theefe  in  justice  to  be  put  to  death,  so  in  his  benigne  and  gracious  mercie, 
he  gives  life  to  all  the  other  poore  and  wretched  Prisoners,  clearing  the  Castle 
of  them  all. 

Wax  for  the  King's  Household,  in  the  Counties  of  Nottingham,  York,  Lincoln,  and  Derby.  When 
the  King  was  about  to  leave  the  Town,  he  commanded  the  Alderman  to  repeat  his  Speech.  Having 
asked  him  his  name,  and  being  told  that  it  was  Twentyman,  the  King  replied,  somewhat  sharply. 
"  Then,  by  my  saule,  mon,  thou  art  a  Traytor;  the  Twentymans  pulled  down  Kedkirk  in  Scotland." 
Notwithstanding  this,  however,  the  learned  Alderman's  Latin  Speech  had  so  won  upon  the  King, 
that  he  became  a  great  favourite,  and  was  always  near  his  Royal  person  in  his  numerous  hunting 
excursons  to  Newsted  Abbey,  and  other  places  in  the  forest  of  Shirewood.  .  From  an  autograph  of 
John  Twentyman,  lately  in  the  possession  of  his  descendant,  Samuel  Twentyman,  one  of  the  Alder- 
men of  Newark. — During  James's  stay  at  Newark,  he  was  lodged  in  the  Castle,  where  the  Corporation 
entertained  him  ;  and  among  other  demonstrations  of  loyalty,  presented  him  with  a  gilt  cup.  Here 
it  was  that  he  first  manifested  those  exalted  notions  of  prerogative  and  kingly  power,  which  he  was  but 
too  successful  in  inculcating  afterwards  into  the  mind  of  his  ill-fated  son;  a  cut-purse,  being 
detected  in  the  fact,  was  condemned,  by  a  warrant  from  the  King,  to  be  immediately  hanged  without 
trial."  Dickinson's  History  of  Newark,  pp.  49,  50. 

1  This  act  of  the  King's  has  been  greatly  censured  by  various  Historians ;  Rapin's  remarks  on  it 
are  these  :  "  James  must  have  conceived  a  larger  notion  than  had  been  hitherto  formed  of  the  power 
of  an  English  King,  since  when  he  came  to  Newark  he  ordered  a  '  cut-purse'  to  be  hanged  by  his  sole 
warrant,  and  without  trial.  It  cannot  be  denied  that  this  was  beyond  the  power  of  a  King  of  Kng- 
land,  and  directly  contrary  to  the  privileges  of  the  English  Nation.  Probably,  care  was  taken  to 
warn  him  of  the  ill  effects  such  illegal  acts  might  produce  among  the  People,  since  he  refrained  from 
them  ever  after."  The  contemporaneous  reflections  of  Sir  John  Harington  have  been  inserted  in  p.  'is. 

VOL.  I.  N 


go    THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  AT  NEWARK  AND  BELVOIR  CASTLE,  1603. 

This  deed  of  charitie  done,  before  he  left  New-warke,  he  made  these  Knights : 
Sir  John  Parker,  of  Sussex.  Sir  Francis  Ducket,  of  Shropshire. 

Sir  Robert  Bret,  of  Devonshire.  Sir  Richard  Warbirton,  of  Cheshire. 

Sir  Lewes  Lewkener,  of  Sussex.  Sir  Richard  Wigmore,  of  Herefordsh. 

Sir  William  Mumperson  [Richard  Sir  Edmond  [Edward]  Foxe,  Shropsh. 

Mompesson],  of  Bucks.  Sir  William  Davenport,  of  Cheshire. 

The  22d  day,  being  Fryday,  his  Majestic  departed  from  New-warke,  toward 
Bever  Castle,  hunting  all  the  way  as  he  rode,  saving  that  in  the  way  he  made 
these  foure  Knights,  one  being  the  Shiriffe  of  Nottinghamshire: 
Sir  Roger  Askoth  [Ayschue],  Cheshire.     Sir  John  Stanhop,  of  Derbyshire. 
Sir  William  Sutton,  of  Nottinghamsh.      Sir  Brian  Lassels,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Roger  Askoth,  High  Shiriffe  of  Nottinghamshire,  being  knighted,  tooke 
leave  of  his  Majestic;  and  Sir  W.  Pelham,  High  Shiriffe  of  Lincolneshire,  re- 
ceived his  Highnesse,  being  gallantly  appointed  both  with  horse  and  men,  divers 
worshipfull  men  of  the  same  countrey  accompanied  him,  who  convoyed  and 
guarded  his  Majesty  to  Bever  Castle ',  being  the  right  noble  Earle  of  Rut- 

'  Belvoir  Castle,  the  splendid  seat  of  the  Manners  family  for  many  generations,  and  now  belonging  to 
John  Henry  Manners,  the  fifth  Duke  of  Rutland,  is  the  greatest  ornament  of  the  neighbourhood,  and 
the  whole  demesne  embraces  a  large  tract  of  land  at  the  North-eastern  corner  of  Leicestershire,  extending 
into  Lincolnshire.     In  some  topographical  works  it  has  been  described  as  situate  in  the  latter  county. 
Camden  says,  "In  the  West  part  of  Kesteven,  on  the  edge  of  this  county  (Lincolnshire)  and  Leices- 
tershire there  stands  Belvoir  Castle,  so  called  (whatever  was  its  ancient  name)  from  the  fine  prospect 
on  a  steep  hill,  which  seems  the  work  of  art."     Burton  expressly  says,  that  this  Castle  "  is  certainly  in 
Lincolnshire,"  and  the  authors  of"  Magna  Britannia"  repeat  the  same  terms.     But  I  have  unquestion- 
able authority  for  stating,  that  ''the  Castle  is  at  present  in  every  respect  considered  as  being  within 
the  county  of  Leicester,  with  all  the  lands  of  the  extra-parochial  part  of  Belvoir  thereto  belonging 
(including  the  site  of  the  Priory)  :  consisting  in  the  whole  of  about  600  acres  of  wood,  meadow,  and 
pasture  ground,  upon  which  are  now  no  buildings  but  the  Castle,  with  all  its  offices,  and  the  inn.     It 
would  be  a  difficult  matter,  notwithstanding,  to  trace  out  with  accuracy  the  precise  boundary  of  the 
two  Counties  in  this  neighbourhood.     The  original  Castle  was  founded  by  Robert  de  Todeni,  who 
obtained  the  name  of  Robert  de  Belvedeir,  and  who  was  Standard  Bearer  to  William  the  Conqueror. 
At  the  Domesday  Survey  it  was  probably  one  of  the  two  manors  noticed  under  the  name  of  Wols- 
thorpe ;  but  afterwards  becoming  the  head  of  the  Lordship,  the  whole  was  distinguished  by  the  title 
of  "  Manerium  de  Belvoir,  cum  membris  de  Wollesthorpe." — This  great  Norman  Lord  died  in  1088, 
and  was  buried  in  the  cemetery  of  the  Priory  which  he  had  founded  near  the  Castle;  and  it  was 
reported  that  he  possessed  fourteen  Lordships,  many  of  which,  by  uninterrupted  succession,  are  still 
the  property  of  the  present  Duke  of  Rutland,  whose  pedigree  is  distinctly  traced  from  the  original 
Founder  of  the  Castle. — In  1816  a  great  portion  of  the  interior  of  Belvoir  Castle  was  destroyed  by 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    IN    BELVOIR    CASTLE,  iGO^.  91 

land's  ',  where  his  Highnesse  was  not  only  Royally  and  most  plentifully  received, 
but  with  such  exceeding  joy  of  the  good  Earle  and  his  honourable  Lady,  that  he 
tooke  therein  exceeding  pleasure.  And  he  approved  his  contentment  in  the  morning, 
for  before  he  went  to  breake  his  fast,  he  made  these  Knights,  whose  names  follow  : 
Sir  Oliver  Manners8,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Henry  Hastings5,  of  Leicestershire. 
Sir  William  Willoughby,  of  Lincolnsh.  Sir  William  Pelham6,  of  Lincolnshire. 
Sir  Thomas  Willoughby,  of  Lincolnsh.  Sir  Philip  Tyrright  [Tyrwhit7],  Line. 
Sir  Gregorie  Cromwell3,  Huntingdonsh.  Sir  Valantine  Browne8,  of  Lincolnshire. 
Sir  George  Manners4,  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Roger  Dallison9,  of  Lincolnshire. 

an  accidental  fire  ;  but,  by  the  good  taste  and  munificence  of  the  present  princely  owner,  a  new 
Palace  has  arisen  on  the  ashes  of  its  predecessor,  and  is  every  way  worthy  to  be  the  residence  of  one 
of  the  most  antient  families  in  the  British  Empire.  See  the  Gentleman's  Magazine,  vol.  LXXXVI. 
ii.  pp.  456,  554 ;  LXXXVII.  i.  p.  464  ;  LXXXVIH.  i.  p.  634. 

1  Roger  Manners,  fifth  Earl  of  Rutland,  succeeded  his  father,  Feb.  24,  1587-8.  He  was  sent  at 
an  early  age  to  the  University  of  Cambridge,  where  he  took  the  degree,  of  M.  A.  In  1595  he 
visited  France,  Italy,  and  Switzerland ;  was  Colonel  of  foot  in  the  Irish  wars  in  1598,  in  which  year, 
July  10,  he  was  incorporated  M.  A.  in  the  University  of  Oxford ;  and  is  styled  by  Wood  "  an  emi- 
nent traveller  and  a  good  soldier."  He  was  appointed  Constable  of  Nottingham  Castle,  and  Chief 
Justice  in  Eyre  of  Sherwood  Forest  in  1COO,  and  in  1603  was  honoured  with  a  Visit  from  King 
James.  —  In  the  same  year  this  Earl  was  made  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Lincolnshire ;  and  was  sent 
Embassador  from  King  James  I.  into  Denmark,  to  the  christening  of  the  King's  eldest  son,  and 
to  invest  his  Danish  Majesty  with  the  ensigns  of  the  Garter.  He  was  made  Knight  of  the  Bath  at 
King  James's  coronation,  1603  ;  and  in  the  same  year  Steward  of  the  Manor  and  Soke  of  Grantham. 
He  married  Elizabeth,  only  daughter  and  heir  of  the  famous  Sir  Philip  Sidney.  On  June  26,  1612, 
he  proceeded  on  that  expedition  from  which  none  return,  and  was  buried  at  Bottesford ;  and  his 
Countess  survived  him  little  more  than  two  months.  He  died  without  issue,  and  was  succeeded  in 
titles  and  estates  by  his  brother  Francis. 

•  Sir  Oliver  Manners  was  the  youngest  son  of  John,  fourth  Earl  of  Rutland,  and  brother  to  Roger, 
Francis,  and  George,  who  successively  enjoyed  that  title. 

1  I  do  not  find  this  name  among  the  relations  of  "  Sir  Oliver ;"  of  whom  see  hereafter,  p.  98. 

4  Eldest  son  of  Sir  John  Manners,  of  Haddon,  who  was  knighted  at  Worksop,  see  p.  88;  Sir 
George  died  April  23,  1623,  and  was  father  of  John,  eighth  Earl  of  Rutland,  as  there  inferred. 

5  Grandson  of  Francis,  second  Earl  of  Huntingdon.    He  succeeded  his  father  Walter  at  Draunston 
in  Leicestershire,  where  he  died  Sept.  17, 1649. 

'  Sir  William  Pelham,  of  BrocUesby,  co.  Lincoln,  then  (1603)  High  Sheriff  of  that  county,  and 
again  in  1636. 

7  Sir  Philip  Tirwhitt,  of  Kettleby,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1595. 

'  Sir  Valentine  Brown,  of  Croft,  was  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1593. 

'  Sir  Roger  Dallison,  of  Laughton,  co.  Lincoln,  was  High  Sheriff  of  that  county  in  1601,  and  was 
created  a  Baronet  June  29,  1611.  The  title  appears  to  have  become  extinct  with  him. 


92  THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    IN    BELVOIR    CASTLE,   l60$. 

Sir  Thomas  Grantham1,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Philip  Sterley  [Shirley  5],  of  Leices. 

Sir  John  Zouche,  of  Derbyshire.  Sir  Edward  Swift,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  William  Jepson,  of  Hampshire.  Sir  Basile  Brooke,  of  Shropshire. 

Sir  Edward  Askoth[Ayschue2],  of  Line.  Sir  William  Faierfaux. 

Sir  Oliver  [Everard]  Digby,  of  Rutland.  Sir  Edward  Bush  [Bussy],of  Lincolnsh. 

Sir  Anthonie  Markham,  of  Oxfordshire.  Sir  Edward  Tyrright  [Tyrwhitt],  Line. 

Sir  Thomas  Cave3,  of  Leicestershire.  Sir  John  Thorne  [Thornhaugh],  Notts. 

Sir  William  Turpin4,  of  Leicestershire.  Sir  Nicholas  Sanderson6,  of  Lincolnsh. 

Sir  John  Ferrers,  of  Warwickshire.  Sir  Edward  Littleton,  of  Shropshire. 

Sir  Henry  Pagenham,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  William  Fompt  [Faunt7],  of  Lei- 
Sir  Richard  Musgrave.  cestershire. 

Sir  Walter  Chute,  of  Kent.  SirThomasBeaumont8,ofLeicestershire. 

Sir  William  Lambert.  Sir  William  Skevington  9,  of  Leicestersh. 

Sir  Edward  Rosseter,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Philip  Sharred  [Sherard  I0],  of  Leic. 

Sir  Edward  Comines.  Sir  John  Tirrel  [Thorold11],  Lincolnsh. 

1  Sir  Thomas  Grantham,  of  Goltho,  was  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1600. 

I  Sir  Edward  Ayschough,  of  Kelsey,  co.  Lincoln,  passed  the  Shrievalty  in  1632. 

3  Sir  Thomas  Cave  was  of  a  family  of  great  antiquity  in  the  counties  of  York,  Northampton,  and 
Leicester.     He  was  son  of  Roger  Cave,  Esq.  of  Stanford  in  the  counties  of  Northampton  and  Lei- 
cester, and  Margaret,  sister  of  Lord  Treasurer  Burleigh.     He  died  September  6,  1613,  and  has  a 
magnificent  tomb  in  Stanford  Church,  engraved  in  Nichols's  Leicestershire,  vol.  IV.. p.  357-     His 
grandson  Thomas  was  advanced  to  a  Baronetcy  June  30,  1641 ;  whose  descendant  William  is  the  pre- 
sent and  ninth  Baronet. 

4  William  Turpin,  Esq.  of  Knaptoft,  Leicestershire,  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  that  county  in  the 
years  1585  and  1593;  and  died  in  1617. 

5  This  is  probably  a  mistake  for  "  Sir  George  Shirley,"  who  was  in  that  year  High  Sheriff  of 
Leicestershire,  and  in  May  1611  was  the  fourth  in  the  earliest  list  of  Baronets,  and  died  April  27, 
1622.     He  was  great-grandfather  of  Robert,  first  Earl  Ferrers. 

*  Sir  Nicholas  Saunderson,  of  Saxby,  co.  Lincoln,  was  created  a  Baronet  Nov.  25,  1612,  and 
served  the  office  of  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1613. 

'  Sir  William  Faunt,  of  Foston,  co.  Leicester,  was  descended  from  the  ancient  Barons  Hard  in  Ire- 
land (temp.  Rich.  II).  He  died  Dec.  6.  1639. 

8  Younger  brother  of  Sir  Henry,  who  was  knighted  at  Worksop  (see  p.  88).  He  died  November 
27,  1614.  See  Nichols's  Lecestershire,  vol.  II.  p.  859. 

•  Sir  William  Skeffington  was  of  a  very  ancient  family  seated  at  Skeffington,  co.  Leicester;  he 
died  in  1605.     See  Nichols's  Leicestershire,  vol.  II.  p.  436. 

10  Eldest  son  of  Francis  Sherard,  Esq.  of  Stapleford,  and  brother  to  Sir  William  Sherard,  the  first 
Baron  of  Letrim,  ancestor  of  the  Earls  of  Harborough.  Sir  Philip  died,  s.  p.  April  23,  1624. 

II  Sir  John  Thorold  was  High  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1615. 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT    EXTON    AND    BL'RLEY,   160J.  93 

Sir  Edward  Carre  l,  of  Lincolnshire.          Sir  William  Hickman,  of  Lincolnshire. 
Sir  William  Carre2,  of  Lincolshire.  Sir  William  Fielding4,  of  Warwickshire. 

Sir  Richard  Ogle3,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Humfrey  Conisby. 

Sir  Haman  Swythcoate  [Hugh  Which-     Sir  William  Ermyne5,  of  Lincolnshire. 

cot],  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  John  Wentworth6,  of  Essex. 

The  23d  day,  being  Satterday,  after  the  making  of  these  Knights,  and  having 
refreshed  hirnselfe  at  breakfast,  his  Majesty  tooke  kinde  leave  of  the  Earle  of  Rut- 
land, his  Countesse,  and  the  rest,  and  set  forward  towards  Burleigh,  and  by  the 
way  he  dined  at  Sir  John  Harington's7,  where  that  worthy  Knight  made  him 
most  Royall  Entertainment. 

After  dinner,  his  Highnesse  removed  towards  Burleigh,  beeing  neare  Stamford,  in 

1  Sir  Edward  Carr,  of  Sleaford,  eo.  Lincoln,  was  created  a  Baronet,  June29,  1611,  and  died  in  1618. 

1  Brother  of  Sir  Edward,  before  mentioned. 

»  Sir  Richard  Ogle,  of  Pinchbeck,  was  High  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1608. 

4  The  family  of  Fielding  is  of  very  noble  extraction,  being  descended  from  the  Earls  of  Hapsburgh 
in  Germany.    Sir  William  Fielding  was  Gustos  Rotulorum  for  Warwickshire,  was  created  Baron  and 
Viscount  Fielding  of  Newnham  Padox  in  that  county,  in  1620,  and  Earl  of  Denbigh  in  1622,  and  in 
the  year  following  was  made  Master  of  the  King's  Wardrobe.     He  was  Admiral  at  sea  in  several  expe- 
ditions, and  when  Charles  Prince  of  Wales  was  at  the  Spanish  Court  in  1623,  he  was  one  of  the 
Nobles  who  attended  him  there.    On  the  breaking  out  of  the  Civil  War,  adhering  stedfastly  to  King 
Charles,  he  performed  the  part  of  a  stout  and  valiant  soldier  in  many  engagements }  in  a  sharp 
skirmish  near  Birmingham,  April  3, 1642,  he  received  several  mortal  wounds,  and  died  five  days  after, 
to  the  great  concern  of  the  King  and  his  friends.     His  descendant,  the  Right  Honourable  William 
Basil  Percy  Fielding,  is  the  present  and  seventh  Earl. 

5  Sir  William  Ayrmine,  or  Ermyne,  of  Osgodby,  co.  Lincoln,  was  descended  from  a  very  ancient 
family  of  Aier,  co.  York.     He  was,  in  16O3,  the  High  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire.     His  son  William  was 
created  a  Baronet  in  1619,  of  whom  see  hereafter,  under  that  year. 

6  Sir  John  was  of  the  same  family  as  the  Earls  Strafford  and  Barons  Wentworth.     He  was  created 
a  Baronet,  June  29,  1611,  and  died  in  October  1631,  leaving  no  male  issue  to  succeed  to  the  title. 

'  Sir  John-Harington  was  at  this  time  proprietor  of  two  noble  mansions  in  the  County  of  Rut- 
land, Exton  Hall  and  Harington-Burley,  so  called  from  its  owner  to  distinguish  it  from  Burleigh-l/y- 
Stamford.  As  these  houses  were  not  very  far  from  each  other,  it  is  probable  that  the  King  hunted  at 
Exton,  and  dined  at  Burley.  That  the  King  was  at  the  latter  place  as  appears  by  a  little  Tract  of 
Samuel  Daniel,  which  will  be  given  at  length  in  p.  121,  et  seq.  with  a  short  description  of  Burley. 

Sir  John  Harington  was  the  son  and  heir  of  Sir  James  Haiiugton,  by  Lucy,  daughter  of  Sir 
William  Sidney;  and  was  created  a  Baron  by  King  James  at  his  Coronation,  in  July  16O3,  by 
the  title  of  Lord  Harington  of  Exton.  He  is  described  by  Fuller  as  a  bountiful  housekeeper, 
dividing  his  hospitality  between  Rutland  and  Warwickshire,  where  he  had  a  fair  habitation. 
He  was  one  of  the  executors  of  the  Lady  Frances  Sidney,  and  a  grand  benefactor  to  the  Col- 
lege of  her  foundation  at  Cambridge.  In  October  1CO3,  the  tuition  of  the  Princess  Elizabeth  was 
committed  to  this  Nobleman  and  his  Lady,  Anne,  daughter  and  heir  of  Robert  Kelway,  Esq.  a  pru- 


94  THE  KING'S  APPROACH  TO  STAMFORD,  1603. 

Northamptonshire.  His  Majestic  on  the  way  was  attended  by  many  Lords  and 
Knights;  and  before  his  comming,  there  was  provided  train  scents,  and  live  haires 
in  baskets,  being  carried  to  the  heath,  that  made  excellent  sport  for  his  Majestic; 
all  the  way  betweene  Sir  John  Harington's  and  Stamford,  Sir  John's  best  hounds 
with  good  mouthes  following  the  game,  the  King  taking  great  leisure  and  pleasure  in 
the  same.  Upon  this  Heath l,  not  farre  from  Stamford,  there  appeared  to  the  number 
of  an  hundred  high  men,  that  seemed  like  the  Patagones,  huge  long  fellowes,  of 
twelve  and  fourteene  foote  high,  that  are  reported  to  live  on  the  Mayne  of  Brasil, 
neere  to  the  Streights  of  Megallant.  The  King  atthe  first  sight  wondered  what  they 
were,  for  that  they  overlooked  horse  and  man.  But,  when  all  came  to  all,  they 
proved  a  company  of  poore  honest  suitors,  all  going  upon  high  stilts,  preferring  a 
Petition  against  the  Lady  Hatton.  What  their  request  was  I  know  not2;  but  his 

dent  woman.  Sir  Thomas  Chaloner,  in  a  Letter  to  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury,  Oct.  18,  1603,  says  : 
"  The  Lady  Elizabeth  is  given  in  custody  to  the  Lord  Harington,  who  hath  undertaken  to  defray  her 
charges  for  ^.1800  yearly."  When  the  Princess  was  married  to  the  Prince  Palatine,  Sir  John, 
accompanied  by  Henry  Martin,  LL.  D.  was  sent  over  to  the  Palatinate,  to  see  her  Highness  settled  at 
Heidelburgh,  and  to  perform  some  legal  formalities  respecting  her  dowry  and  jointure.  "This  done," 
says  Fuller,  "  as  if  God  has  designed  this  for  his  last  work,  he  sickened  on  the  first  day  of  his  return, 
and  died  at  Worms  in  Germany  on  St.  Bartholomew's  day,  1613."  Clark,  in  his  "  Marrow  of  Eccle- 
siastical History,"  speaking  of  the  first  Lord  Harington  and  his  Lady,  b.  III.  p.  58,  says,  "  they 
were  persons  eminent  for  prudence  and  piety,  and  carefully  educated  their  son  John,  second  Lord 
Harington,  both  in  Religion  and  Learning." — Of  the  second  Lord  a  curious  character  may  be  seen 
in  the  "  Nugae  Antiquae,"  vol.  II.  p.  307,  compiled  from  "  The  Churches  Lamentation  for  the  losse 
of  the  Godly,  a  Sermon  delivered  at  the  Funeral  of  John  Lord  Harington,  by  Richard  Stock, 
Pastor  of  Alhallows,  Bread  Street,  London,  1614." 

Exton  Hall,  for  two  centuries  possessed  by  the  Haringtons,  which  was  sold  in  1614  to  Sir  Bap- 
tist Hickes,  is  an  antique  edifice,  in  the  style  of  the  Elizabethan  age,  and  may  be  said  to  stand  in  the 
village,  on  the  verge  of  a  very  extensive  park.  This  mansion,  which  must  have  been  a  very  interesting 
pecimen  of  ancient  manners,  was  partly  destroyed,  with  many  valuable  paintings,  by  an  accidental 
fire  in  May  1810,  but  the  building  has  since  been  repaired  by  its  present  owner,  Sir  Gerard  Noel 
Noel,  Bart. — The  gardens  have  long  been  famous,  but  they  are  quite  in  the  old  style ;  and  the  park 
and  other  grounds  are  very  extensive,  the  deer  park  alone  containing  1510  acres.  Exton  Church  is  con- 
sidered the  handsomest  in  the  County,  the  whole  chastely  Gothic.  The  decorations  have  been  very 
judiciously  preserved  in  the  antique  style,  and  all  the  spandrils  of  the  arches  are  supports  for  the 
banners  of  the  Haringtons  and  Noels,  accompanied  by  their  tabards,  pennons,  and  helmets,  alto- 
gether presenting  rich  ideas  of  ancient  times  and  manners.  The  regular  disposal  of  these  render 
them  a  kind  of  armorial  history  of  the  two  Families  j  whilst  the  monumental  ornaments,  and  the 
silent  gloom  around,  carry  back  the  imagination  of  the  spectator  to  the  romantic  ages  of  chivalry. 

1  Probably  Empington  Heath. 

*  Nor  has  the  present  Editor  been  able  to  discover. 


THE   KING'S    RECEPTION    AT   STAMFORD,  l603-  <)5 

Majestie  referred  them  till  his  coming  to  London,  and  so  past  on  from  those  gyants 
of  the  Fen  toward  Stamford ;  within  halfe  a  myle  whereof  the  Bailiffes,  and  the 
rest  of  the  chiefe  Townesmen  of  Stamford,  presented  a  gift  unto  his  Majestie, 
which  was  graciously  accepted  ;  so  rid  he  forward  through  the  Towne  in  great  state, 
having  the  sword  borne  before  him,  the  people  joyfull  on  all  parts  to  see  him. 

When  his  Highnesse  came  to  Stamford  Bridge  V  tne  Shiriflfe  of  Lincolnshire 
humbly  tooke  his  leave,  and  departed  greatly  in  the  King's  grace.  On  the  other 
part  (the  Towne  standing  in  two  Shires)  stood  readie  the  High  Shiriffe  of  Nor- 
thamptonshire, bravely  accompanied,  and  gallantly  appointed  with  men  and  horse, 
who  received  his  Majestie,  and  attended  him  to  Burleigh*,  where  his  Highnesse 

Lord  Chancellor  Hatton  had  very  numerous  grants  of  land  from  the  Crown.  The  Lady  Hatton, 
here  mentioned,  was  Elizabeth,  daughter  and  heir  of  Sir  Francis  Gawdy,  Chief  Justice  of  the  Com- 
mon Pleas  ;  and  she  was  at  this  time  the  widow  of  Sir  William  Newton,  alias  Hatton,  the  nephew  and 
adopted  heir  of  the  Lord  Chancellor. 

1  "  His  Majesty's  visit  is  recorded  on  a  large  tablet  in  the  Town  Half;  which,  and  other  smaller 
tablets,  contain  the  names  of  the  Aldermen  of  Stamford  from  1461  to  1663,  and  the  Mayors  from 
that  period,  with  notices  of  remarkable  events.  The  Alderman,  William  Salter,  and  the  Brethren, 
attended  King  James  on  horseback,  riding  on  their  foot -cloths,  and  the  Common  Councilmen  in  their 
gowns."  Drakard's  Stamford,  pp.  10?,  514. 

*  Of  this  splendid  mansion,  built  principally  by  the  Lord  Treasurer  Burleigh,  that  eminent  States- 
man thus  modestly  speaks  in  1585  :  "  My  house  of  Burghleigh  is  of  my  mother's  inheritance;  who 
liveth  and  is  the  owner  thereof:  and  I  but  a  paramour.  And  for  the  building  there,  I  have  set  my 
walls  upon  the  old  foundation.  Indeed,  I  have  made  the  rough  stone  walls  to  be  of  square.  And  yet 
one  side  rcmaineth  as  my  father  left  it  me.  I  trust  my  son  shall  be  able  to  maintain  it,  considering 
that  there  are  in  that  Shire  a  dozen  larger,  of  men  under  my  degree."  (See  a  View  of  Burleigh  Hall 
in  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  I.  p.  205.) — At  the  time  of  King  James's  first  Visit 
there,  Burleigh  Hall  was  the  property  of  Thomas  Cecil,  the  second  Lord  Burleigh,  who  had  succeeded 
to  his  father's  title,  and  the  most  considerable  portion  of  his  property  in  1599.  He  was  then  in  his 
57th  year ;  had  served  in  several  Parliaments ;  and  was  knighted  by  the  Queen  at  Kenilworth  in 
1575.  When  the  Duke  of  Alancjon  was  in  England,  Sir  Thomas  Cecil  gained  great  honour  in  the 
Justs  and  Tournaments  exhibited  on  the  occasion.  Having  executed  many  employments  of  trust 
with  fidelity  and  reputation,  he  was  elected  in  1(502  a  Knight  of  the  Garter.  On  the  accession  of  King 
James,  he  was  sworn  of  the  Privy  Council,  and  constituted  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Northamptonshire  ; 
and,  in  consideration  of  his  great  merit  was  advanced  May  4,  1605,  to  the  dignity  of  Earl  of  Exeter, 
which  was  the  first  precedent  of  a  person  being  raised  to  the  title  of  Earl  of  the  principal  City  in  a 
County,  when  another  had  the  dignity  of  Earl  of  the  same  County,  Charles  Blount  being  then  Earl  of 
Devonshire.  It  is  remarkable  that  Sir  Robert  Cecil,  his  younger  brother,  was  the  same  day  made 
Earl  of  Salisbury;  but  he  being  created  in  the  morning,  and  the  Lord  Burleigh  in  the  afternoon, 
the  descendants  of  the  yonnger  branch  of  the  family  have  right  of  precedency  of  the  elder. 


96        THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  AT  STAMFORD  AND  BURLEIGH,  1603. 

with  all  his  traine  were  received  with  great  magnificence,  the  house  seeming  so 
rich,  as  if  it  had  beene  furnished  at  the  charges  of  an  Emperour.  Well,  it  was 
all  too  litle,  his  Majestic  being  worthy  much  more,  being  now  the  greatest  Chris- 
tian Monarke  of  himselfe  as  absolute. 

The  next  day,  being  Easter-day,  there  preached  before  his  Highnesse  the 
Byshoppe  of  Lincolne 1,  and  the  Sermon  was  no  sooner  done,  but  all  offices  in 
the  house  were  set  open,  that  every  man  might  have  free  accesse  to  buttries,  pan- 
tries, kitchins,  to  eate  and  drink  in  at  their  pleasures. 

The  next  day,  being  Monday  the  25th  of  Aprill2,  his  Highnesse  rode  backe 
againe  to  Sir  John  Harington's ;  and  by  the  way  his  horse  fell  with  him,  and  very 
dangerolisly  bruised  his  arme,  to  the  great  amazement  and  griefe  of  all  them  that 
were  about  his  Majestie  at  that  time.  But  he  being  of  an  invincible  courage,  and 
his  blood  yet  hotte,  made  light  of  it  at  the  first ;  and  being  mounted  againe,  rode 
to  Sir  John  Harington's,  where  he  continued  that  night. 

And  on  Tuesday  morning,  the  paine  received  by  his  falle  was  so  great,  that  he 
was  not  able  to  ride  on  horsebacke;  but  he  turned  from  Sir  John  Harington's  to 
take  a  coach,  wherein  his  Highnesse  returned  to  Burleigh,  where  he  was  royallie 
entertained  as  before,  but  not  with  halfe  that  joy,  the  report  of  his  Majestie's  hurt 
had  disturbed  all  the  Court  so  much. 

The  next  day,  being  Wednesday3  the  27th  day  of  Aprill,  his  Majestie  removed 
from  Burleigh  towards  Maister  Oliver  Cromwel's;  and  in  the  way  he  dined  at  that 
worthy  and  worshipfull  Knight's  Sir  Anthony  Mildmaye's4,  where  nothing  wanted 

1  Dr.  William  Chaderton,  Bishop  of  Chester,  1579  ;  of  Lincoln  1594  ;  died  in  1608. 

*  "  This  day  the  Maundie  was  kept  at  Westminster,  and  performed  by  the  Lord  Bishop  of  Chichester, 
whence  thirtie-sixe  poore  men  had  their  auncient  allowance."  Howes,  in  his  Chronicle. 

5  "This  day,  being  Wednesday  in  Easter  weeke,  there  were  thirteene  persons  slaine  and  blowne  in 
pieces  with  gunpowder  by  misfortune,  at  the  gunpowder-mill  at  Radcliffe,  and  did  much  other  hurt 
in  divers  places. — On  the  same  day,  Proclamation  was  made  for  the  apprehension  of  William  and 
Patrike  Ruthuen,  brethren  to  the  late  Earl  of  Cowrie."  Ibid. 

4  "  Anthony  Mildmay,  Esq."  says  Fuller,  "  was  son  to  Sir  Walter,  Privy  Councellor,  and  Founder 
of  Emanuel  College.  This  Anthony  was  by  Queen  Elizabeth  knighted,  and  sent  over  into  Franc* 
on  an  Embassy;  upon  the  same  token,  he  was  at  Geneva  the  same  time  (Reader,  I  have  it  from 
uncontrolable  intelligence)  when  Theodore  Beza,  their  Minister,  was  convened  before  their  Con- 
sistory, and  publiquely  checqued  for  preaching  too  eloquently  ;  he  pleaded,  "  that  what  they  called 
eloquence  in  him  was  not  affected,  but  natural ;  and  promised  to  endeavour  more  plainness  for  the 
future.  Sir  Anthony,  by  Grace,  co-heir  to  Sir  Henry  Sherington,  had  one  daughter,  Mary,  married 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   AT   APTHORP,   l60$.  97 

in  a  subject's  dutie  to  his  Soveraigne,  nor  any  thing  in  so  potent  a  Soveraigne  to 
grace  so  loyall  a  subject.  Dinner  being  most  sumptuously  furnished,  the  tables 
were  newly  covered  with  costly  banquets,  wherein  every  thing  that  was  most  deli- 
tious  for  taste,  prooved  more  delicate,  by  the  arte  that  made  it  seeme  beauteous 
to  the  eye;  the  Lady  of  the  house  being  one  of  the  most  excellent  Confectioners 
in  England,  though  I  confesse  many  honourable  women  very  expert. 

Dinner  and  banket  being  past,  and  his  Majestic  at  point  to  depart,  Sir  Antho- 
nie,  considering  how  his  Majestic  vouchsafed  to  honor  him  with  his  Roiall  pre- 
sence, presented  his  Highnesse  with  a  gallant  Barbary  horse,  and  a  very  rich 

to  Sir  Francis  Fane,  afterwards  Earl  of  Westmoreland."  —  So  delighted  was  the  King  with  his  En- 
tertainment at  Apthorp,  that  he  frequently  repeated  his  Visits  there;  and  at  this  house  he  first  met, 
in  1614,  with  George  Villiers,  afterwards  the  famous  Duke  of  Buckingham,  who  under  that  year 
will  be  particularly  noticed. 

The  present  mansion,  the  seat  of  the  Earl  of  Westmoreland,  is  neatly  built  of  free-stone,  and  consists 
of  a  quadrangle  on  the  East  side,  with  open  cloisters.  On  the  South  is  a  stone  statue  of  James  I.  who 
gave  the  timber  for  building  the  East  and  South  sides.  There  are  chambers  still  called  the  King's  and  the 
Duke's  chamber :  and,  amongst  several  good  portraits,  are,  a  quarter-piece  particularly,  in  the  King'* 
chamber,  by  Vandyke,  of  Mildmay,  Earl  of  Westmoreland  ;  and  a  piece  at  full  length,  inscribed,  Frances 
Howard,  Duchess  of  Richmond  and  Lenox,  daughter  to  Thomas  Lord  Howard  of  Bindon.  In  the 
cieling  are  wrought  in  fret-work,  the  arms,  crest,  and  supporters  of  England.  On  the  staircase  ii 
a  full-length  picture  of  James,  created  Duke  of  Richmond  in  1641,  and  of  Mary  Countess  of  West- 
moreland, daughter  and  sole  heiress  to  Sir  Anthony  Mildmay.  Here  are  also  two  portraits,  at  full 
length,  of  Philip  and  Mary,  supposed  to  have  been  painted  by  Holbein.  In  the  gallery,  amongst 
others,  are  a  half-length  of  Sir  Walter  Mildmay;  a  full-length  of  Francis,  first  Earl  of  Westmoreland 
in  1625 ;  of  Sir  Anthony  Mildmay  and  of  Lady  Grace  his  wife,  a  great  benefactress  to  the  Church  of 
Apthorp,  which  is  a  Chapelry  within  the  Park  of  Nassington,  Northamptonshire ;  and  in  the  Chapel 
are  the  following  inscriptions  : 

1.  "Here  sleepe  in  the  Lord  with  certain  hope  of  Resurrection,  Sir  Anthony  Mildmay,  Knt. 
eldest  sonne  to  Sir  Walter  Mildmay,  Knt.  Chauncelor  of  the  Exchequer  and  Privie  Counselor  to 
Queene  Elizabeth,  he  was  Embassador  from  Queene  Eliza :  to  the  most  Christian  King  of  Fraunce 
Henry  the  Fourth,  anno  1596.     He  was  to  Prince  and  Country  faithfull  and  serviceable  in  peace  and 
warre,  to  freindes  constant,  to  enemies  reconcilable,  bountiful!,  and  loved  hospitallity.     He  dyed  Sep- 
tember llth,  1617." 

2.  "  Here  also  lyeth  Grace  Lady  Mildmay,  the  only  wife  of  the  saied  Anthony  Mildmay,  one  of  the 
heyres  of  Sir  Henry  Sherington,  Knt.  of  Lacock,  in  the  County  of  Wiltes,  who  lyved  5O  yeares  maried 
to  him  and  three  yeares  a  widow  after  him ;  she  was  most  devout,  unspotedly  chast  mayd,  wife  and 
widow ;  compassionate  in  heart,  and  charitably  helpfull  with  phisick,  cloathes,  nourishment,  or  coun- 
sels to  any  in  misery.     She  was  most  carefull  and  wise  in  managing  worldly  estate  so  as  hir  life  was 
a  blessing  to  hir,  and  in  hir  death  she  blessed  them,  which  hapned  July  27,  1620." 

An  excellent  whole-length  portrait  of  Sir  Anthony  is  engraved  in  Adolphus's  "  British  Cabinet." 
VOL.  I.  O 


gS  THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  AT  HINCHINBROOK,  1603. 

saddle,  with  furniture  suitable  thereunto;  which  his  Majestic  most  lovingly 
and  thankfully  accepted,  and  so  taking  his  Princely  leave,  set  forward  on  the  way. 
In  this  remove  towards  Maister  Oliver  Cromwell's  did  the  people  flocke  in  greater 
numbers  than  in  any  place  Northward  ;  though  many  before  preast  to  see  their 
Soveraigne,  yet  here  the  numbers  multiplyed.  This  day,  as  his  Majestic  passed 
through  a  great  Common,  (which,  as  the  people  thereabout  complaine,  Sir  John 
Spenser,  of  London,  hath  very  uncharitably  molested,)  most  of  the  Countrey 
joyned  together,  beseeching  his  Majestic  that  the  Commons1  might  be  laid  open 
againe,  for  the  comfort  of  the  poor  inhabiters  thereabout;  which  his  Highnesse 
most  graciously  promised  should  be  performed  according  to  their  heart's  desire. 
And  so  with  many  benedictions  of  the  comforted  people  he  passed  on  till  he 
came  within  halfe  a  mile  of  Maister  Oliver  Cromwell's,  where  met  him  the  Bai- 
liffe  of  Huntington,  who  made  a  long  Oration  to  his  Majestic,  and  there  delivered 
him  the  sword,  which  his  Highnesse  gave  to  the  new-released  2  Earle  of  Southamp- 
ton, to  beare  before  him.  O  admirable  worke  of  mercie,  confirming  the  hearts  of 
all  true  subjects  in  the  good  opinion  of  his  Majestie's  Royall  compassion;  not 
alone  to  deliver  from  the  captivitie  such  high  Nobilitie,  hut  to  use  vulgarly  with 
great  favours,  not  only  him,  but  also  the  children  of  his  late  honourable  fellow  in 
distresse.  Well,  God  have  glory,  that  can  send  friends  in  the  houre  He  best  pleaseth, 
to  helpe  them  that  trust  in  Him.  But  to  the  matter, — his  Majestic  passed  in  state, 
the  Earle  of  Southampton  bearing  the  sword  before  him,  as  I  before  said  he  was 
appointed,  to  Maister  Oliver  Cromwell's  House3,  where  his  Majestic  and  all  his 

1  The  exact  site  of  this  Common  does  not  appear;  but  it  was  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Hunting- 
don ;  and  it  is  certain  that,  in  the  41st  and  42d  years  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  Sir  John  Spencer  (of  whom 
hereafter)  obtained  no  less  than  six  very  ample  grants  of  land  in  various  counties ;  and  amongst 
•  others  was  the  property  in  Huntingdonshire  which  occasioned  the  complaints  here  mentioned. 

1  Henry  Wriothesley,  third  Earl  of  Southampton  of  that  name,  having  in  1599  taken  part  with 
the  unfortunate  Earl  of  Essex,  was  thereupon  brought  to  trial,  and  found  guilty.  He  obtained  the 
(Queen's  mercy  for  his  life ;  but  remained  a  prisoner  in  the  Tower  till  a  few  days  after  James's  acces- 
sion to  the  Throne  (see  p.  52).  On  the  21st  of  July  1603,  he  had  a  new  patent  for  the  title 
and  dignity  of  Earl  of  Southampton,  with  the  title,  right,  and  privileges  as  he  had  formerly  enjoyed. 
He  was  a  Nobleman  of  high  courage,  great  honour  and  integrity  ;  was  well  respected  by  the  King 
and  his  Court  j  was  a  Patron  of  Shakspeare  ;  and  died  in  1624. 

3  Of  Hinchinbrook  Priory,  and  Queen  Elizabeth's  Visit  to  Sir  Henry  Cromwell's  in  1564,  see  the 
"  Progresses"  of  that  illustrious  Queen,  vol.  I.  pp.  179,  189. — Sir  Oliver  Cromwell,  eldest  son  and 
heir  of  Sir  Henry,  was  a  most  popular  and  beloved  character  in  his  own  County  of  Huntingdon,  for  which 
he  was  returned  one  of  the  Members  in  the  Parliaments  called  in  the  31st,  35th,  39th,  and  43d  years 


THE   KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   AT   HINCHINBROOK,  1603.  Qg 

Followers,  with  all  commers  whatsoever,  had  such  entertainment,  as  the  like  had 
not  beene  seene  in  any  place  before,  since  his  first  setting  forward  out  of  Scotland. 
There  was  such  plentie  and  varietie  of  meatcs,  such  diversitie  of  wines,  and  those 
not  ri  fife-ruffe,  but  ever  the  best  of  the  kinde,  and  the  cellers  open  at  any  man's 

of  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth  ;  and  had  the  honour  to  receive  knighthood  from  her  Majesty  in  1598, 
in  which  year  he  was  Sheriff  of  the  Counties  of  Huntingdon  and  Cambridge.  Sir  Oliver  had  the 
felicity  to  entertain  one,  if  not  two,  of  the  English  Monarchs  ;  King  James  the  First  he  certainly  did 
several  times,  and  probably  King  Charles  the  First.  Bui  the  most  memorable  visit  that  was  paid  him 
was  this  by  the  former.  Sir  Oliver,  finding  that  his  Majesty  would  pass  through  Huntingdon,  deter- 
mined to  entertain  him  at  Hinchinbrook ;  and,  that  he  might  do  this  with  more  elegance  and 
ease,  he  hastily  made  such  improvements  in  his  house  as  he  judged  most  proper ;  at  this  time 
he  built  that  very  elegant  bow-window  to  the  dining-room,  in  which  are  two  shields  of  arms  of 
his  family,  impaling,  the  one  his  first,  the  other  his  second  Lady's,  painted  upon  the  glass.  Sir 
Oliver  received  his  Sovereign  at  the  Gate  of  the  great  Court,  and  conducted  him  up  a  walk  that 
then  immediately  led  to  the  principal  entrance  of  the  house.  His  Majesty  here  met  with  a  more  mag- 
nificent reception  than  he  had  ever  done  since  the  leaving  his  Paternal  Kingdom,  both  for  the  plenty 
and  variety  of  the  meats  and  wines ;  it  is  inconceivable  with  what  pleasure  the  English  received  the 
King,  all  strove  to  please,  every  one  to  see  the  new  Sovereign,  who  was  to  unite  two  jarring  and 
valiant  Kingdoms,  and  to  be  the  common  Monarch  of  both.  Sir  Oliver  gratified  them  to  the  full ; 
his  doors  were  thrown  wide  open  to  receive  all  that  chose  to  pay  their  respects  to  the  new  King, 
or  even  to  see  him ;  and  each  individual  was  welcomed  with  the  choicest  viands  and  most  costly 
wines ;  even  the  populace  had  free  access  to  the  cellars  during  the  whole  of  his  Majesty's  stay. — The 
King  remained  with  Sir  Oliver  until  he  had  breakfasted  on  April  29.  At  his  leaving  Hinchinbrook, 
he  was  pleased  to  express  the  obligations  he  had  received  from  him  and  his  Lady ;  to  the  former  he 
said  at  parting,  as  he  passed  through  the  Court,  in  his  broad  Scotch  manner,  "  Morry,  mon,  thoi\ 
hast  treated  me  better  than  any  one  since  I  left  Edenburgh,"  and,  it  is  more  than  probable,  than  ever 
that  Prince  was  entertained  before  or  after;  for  it  is  said,  Sir  Oliver  at  this  time  gave  "  the  greatest 
feast  that  had  been  given  to  a  King  by  a  subject."  His  loyalty  and  regard  to  his  Prince  seems  almost 
unbounded;  for  when  his  Majesty  left  Hinchinbrook,  he  was  presented  by  him  with  many  things  of 
great  value.  ,  So  many  and  such  great  proofs  of  attachment,  and  those  in  a  manner  peculiarly  agree- 
able to  the  taste  of  a  Prince,  gained  his  regard,  which  he  took  an  early  opportunity  of  expressing,  by 
creating  him,  with  59  others,  a  Knight  of  the  Bath,  prior  to  his  coronation.  The  King  visited  Sir 
Oliver  Cromwell  again  in  1605,  1616,  and  1617;  for  Howes  says  in  his  Chronicle,  that  "  Lord  Hay 
(then  with  his  Majesty)  was  sworn  a  Privy  Counsellor  at  Hinchinbrook,  1605." 

"  Sir  Oliver  was  a  very  conspicuous  Member  of  the  House  of  Commons  from  1604  to  1610,  and  also 
in  1614,  1623,  and  1624,  (luring  which  years,  he  is  oftner  named  upon  committees  than  any  other 
Member.  He  is  once  or  twice  styled  Queen  Anne's  Attorney  in  the  Journals  of  the  House ;  but  he 
did  not  hold  this  place  long,  probably  not  many  months.  I  think  he  succeeded  Sir  Lawrence  Tan- 
field  in  that  office  in  or  about  the  year  1604.  May  10,  1605,  he,  with  others,  signed  a  certificate  to 
the  Privy  Council,  that  the  work  of  draining  the  Fens  in  Lincolnshire,  &c.  was  feasible,  and  without 
any  peril  to  any  haven  or  county;  and,  in  1606,  he  was  named  in  the  Act  or  Bill  for  draining  of  the 


100  THE    KING'S   ENTERTAINMENT   AT   HINCHINBROOK,   160J. 

pleasure.  And  if  it  were  so  common  with  wine,  there  is  little  question  but  the 
buttries  for  beere  and  ale  were  more  common,  yet  in  neither  was  there  difference ; 
for  whoever  entred  the  house,  which  to  no  man  was  denyed,  tasted  what  they  had 
a  minde  to,  and  after  a  taste  found  fulnesse,  no  man  like  a  man  being  denied  what 
he  would  call  for.  As  this  bountie  was  held  backe  to  none  within  the  house,  so 
for  such  poore  people  as  would  not  prease  in,  there  were  open  beere-houses 
erected  wherein  there  was  no  want  of  bread  and  beefe,  for  the  comfort  of  the 
poorest  creatures.  Neither  was  this  provision  for  the  little  time  of  his  Majestie's 

Fens,  and  he  was  one  of  the  Adventurers  who  subscribed  towards  planting  and  cultivating  Virginia. 
His  Majesty  King  James  I.  gave  Sir  Oliver,  in  1608,  j£.6,OOO,  for  his  relinquishing  a  grant  of  s^.200 
issuing  yearly  out  of  the  Royal  lands,  given  to  him  as  a  free  gift.  May  2,  1622,  he  gave  a  grant  in 
fee  of  certain  lands  in  the  manor  of  Warboise  to  his  son  and  heir  Henry,  out  of  his  affection  to  him,  and 
for  his  better  maintenance  and  living  -.  the  seizen  was  witnessed  by  Sir  Philip  Cromwell  and  others. 
Sir  Oliver  married  two  wives,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Thomas  Bromley,  Lord  Chancellor  of  Eng- 
land ;  and  July  7,  1601,  Ann,  daughter  of  Egidius  Hooftman,  a  Gentleman  of  Antwerp,  and  widow 
of  Sir  Horatio  Palavicini,  Knight.  Her  dowry  was  particularly  welcome  to  Sir  Oliver ;  whose  pro- 
perty, though  still  ample,  had  been  much  diminished  by  a  generosity  bordering  on  profuseness ; 
and  never  did  any  Lady  marry  two  such  opposites,  one  the  extremes!  miser,  the  other  of  the  most 
unbounded  expences.  The  Widow  paid  him  the  compliment  not  to  marry  again  till  a  full  year  after 
the  death  of  her  Husband ;  but  one  cannot  help  observing  that  it  was  the  very  first  day  after  the 
year  was  complete." 

Sir  Oliver,  after  having  for  many  years  made  Hinchinbrook  his  Summer  residence,  sold  it  to  Sir  Sid- 
ney Montague,  father  of  the  first  Earl  of  Sandwich.  He  held  also  Great  Easton,  NewportPond,  and  Clay- 
bury  in  Essex ;  and  sold  the  former  in  1597  to  Sir  Henry  Maynard.  He  also  sold  Warboise  in  Hunting- 
donshire to  Sir  John  Leman,  Lord  Mayor  of  London  in  1616. — Fuller  says,  "  Sir  Oliver  is  remarkable 
to  posterity  on  a  fourfold  account.  First,  for  his  hospitality  and  prodigious  entertainment  of  King 
James  and  his  Court ;  secondly,  for  his  upright  dealing  in  bargain  and  sale  with  all  chapmen,  so  that 
no  man  whosoever  purchased  land  of  him  was  put  to  the  charge  of  three-pence  to  make  good  his 
title ;  yet  he  sold  excellent  penny-worths,  insomuch,  that  Sir  John  Leman,  once  Lord  Mayor  of 
London,  who  bought  the  fair  Manor  of  Warboise  in  Huntingdonshire  of  him,  affirmed,  that  it  was 
the  cheapest  land  that  ever  he  bought,  and  yet  the  dearest  that  ever  Sir  Oliver  Cromwell  sold. 
Thirdly,  for  his  loyalty,  always  beholding  the  usurpation  and  tyranny  of  his  nephew,  godson,  and 
namesake,  with  hatred  and  contempt.  Lastly,  for  his  vivacity,  who  survived  to  be  the  oldest  Gentle- 
man in  England  who  was  a  Knight,  though  not  the  oldest  Knight  who  was  a  Gentleman.  It  seems 
Sir  George  Dalton,  younger  in  years,  though  still  alive  [1662],  was  knighted  some  days  before  him." 
King  James  I.  knighted  Sir  Thomas  Hay  ward  at  that  place  in  1616;  and  Willis,  in  his  History 
of  the  Town  and  Hundred  of  Buckingham,  says,  "  Sir  Richard  Ingoldsby  was  knighted  at  the  same 
place  in  1617.  These,  however,  were  not  the  only  times  King  James  was  there;  as  Royston  and  New- 
market, his  usual  places  of  hunting,  were  both  in  that  neighbourhood  ;  and  from  thence  he  frequently 
went  to  Huntingdon."  See  Noble's  Life  of  Cromwell;  and  Bibl.  Top.  Brit.  No.  XXXI. 


THE    KING   ATTENDED   BY   A    DEPUTATION    FROM    CAMBRIDGE,   1603.  101 

stay,  but  it  was  made  ready  fourteen  daies,  and  after  his  Highnes'  departure  dis- 
tributed to  as  many  as  had  mind  to  it. 

There  attended  also  at  Maister  Oliver  Cromwell's  the  Heads  of  the  Univer- 
sitie  of  Cambridge,  all  clad  in  scarlet  gownes  and  corner-cappes ;  who  having 
presence  of  his  Majestie,  there  was  made  a  most  learned  and  eloquent  Oration 
in  Latine,  welcomming  his  Majestie,  as  also  intreating  the  confirmation  of  their 
charter  and  priviledges,  which  his  Majestie  most  willingly  and  freely  granted. 
They  also  presented  his  Majestie  with  divers  bookes  published  in  commendation 
of  our  late  gracious  Queene  ',  all  which  was  most  graciously  accepted  of  his 
Highnesse.  Also  Maister  Cromwell  presented  his  Majestie  with  many  rich  and 
respectable  gifts,  as  a  very  great,  and  a  very  faire  wrought  standing  cup  of  gold, 
goodly  horses,  flete  and  deepe  mouthed  houndes,  divers  hawkes  of  excellent 
wing,  and  at  the  remove  gave  fifty  pounds  amongst  his  Majestie's  Officers. 

Upon  the  29th  day,  being  Fryday,  after  his  Highnesse  had  broke  his  fast,  he 
tooke  kinde  and  gracious  leave  of  Maister  Oliver  Cromwell,  and  his  vertuous  Lady, 
late  Widow  to  that  noble  and  opulent  Knight,  Seigniour  Horatio  Paulo  Vicino3. 

'  "  Sorrowed  Joy,"  &c.  printed  at  the  beginning  of  this  Volume,  pp.  1 — 24 ;  and  see  also  the  "  Pro- 
gresses of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  III.  pp.  615 — 652. 

*  This  "  noble  and  opulent  Knight"  was  a  native  of  Genoa,  where  a  family  of  that  name  is  still  to 
be  traced.  He  is  supposed  to  have  been  an  Arras-painter,  or  at  least  a  dealer  in  that  species  of  mer- 
chandize; for,  in  an  inventory  of  Jewells,  &c.  of  the  Earl  of  Sussex  taken  after  his  death  in  1583, 
mentioned  by  Mr.  Walpole  among  a  list  of  the  debts  to  be  paid  by  the  Earl's  Executor,  one  was  to 
Horatio  Palavicini,  probably  for  a  set  of  hangings  mentioned  in  the  inventory;  and  gg.6.  16s.  6d.  to 
Randolph  the  painter.  He  was  Lord  of  the  manor  of  Dabraham  near  Cambridge.  This  house  he 
obtained  by  purchase  from  the  family  of  Taylor;  and  on  the  front  of  the  mansion  are  the  initials  "  R.  T. 
1576." — In  the  hall,  on  a  costly  chimney  piece,  adorned  with  the  history  of  Mutius  Scsevola,  the  arms 
of  Sir  Horatio  still  remain. — The  tradition  of  that  neighbourhood  is,  that  Sir  Horatio  was  the  Col- 
lector of  .the  Pope's  dues  in  England  in  Queen  Mary's  time ;  and  that  at  her  death,  and  her  Sister's 
accession,  he  took  the  opportunity  of  detaining  the  money  in  a  country  where,  at  that  time,  such  a 
piece  of  dishonesty  could  not  be  looked  upon  in  the  light  it  deserved,  or  would  at  least  be  protected. 
In  the  "  Acta  Regia,"  is  "  A  Patent  for  the  Denization  of  Horace  Palarecini,  a  Genoese,  dated 
Nov.  2,  1586,  at  Westminster."  (The  King  makes  denizens,  and  the  Parliament  naturalizes.)  He 
was  knighted  by  Queen  Elizabeth  in  1587  ;  and  on  that  occasion  a  copy  of  verses  was  addressed 
to  him  by  Thomas  Newton,  in  his  "  Illustrium  aliquot  Anglorum  Encomia,"  printed  that  year,  and 
re-published  in  the  second  edition  of  Leland's  Collectanea,  177O,  vol.  V.  p.  174.  In  1588  he  was 
one  of  the  Commanders  against  the  Spanish  Armada ;  and  his  Portrait  is  preserved  amongst  those 
Heroes  in  the  Tapestry  of  the  House  of  Lords,  engraved  by  Pine.  In  p.  504,  of  "  Acta  Regia,"  it  appears, 
that  he  was  employed  by  the  Queen  in  1590,  to  William,  Landgrave  of  Hesse.  In  1588-SJ,  he  pre- 
sented to  the  Queen,  as  a  New-year's  Gift,  "  one  bodkyn  of  silver  gilte,  havinge  a  pendaunt  Jewell  of  gold, 


102  THE   KING'S   RECEPTION    AT   GODMANCHESTER,  1603. 

Thence,  with  many  Regall  thankes  for  his  entertainment,  he  departed  to 
Roiston;  and  as  he  passed  through  Godmanchester,  a  Towne  close  by  Hunt- 
ington,  the  Bailiffes  of  the  Towne,  with  their  Brethren,  met  him,  and  acknow- 
ledged their  alleageance.  There,  convoying  him  through  their  Towne,  they  pre- 
sented him  with  threescore  and  ten  teeme  of  horse  all  traced,  two  faire  new 

like  a  shipp,  garnished  with  ophaulls,  sparks  of  diamonds,  and  three  small  pearles  pendaunt ;"  and  re- 
ceived, in  return,  23  ounces  and  a  half  of  gilt  plate.  In  1593-4  he  also  gave  a  pair  of  writing-tables, 
covered  with  gold,  enameled  on  both  sides  like  a  rose,  the  one  side  set  with  small  diamonds  and  rubies. 
In  return,  Sir  Horatio  had  25  ounces  f-  of  gilt  plate,  and  his  Lady  18  ounces  and  f.  It  was  probably 
about  this  time  that  he  married,  and  settled  at  Babraham  ;  for  in  the  Register  of  that  Parish  is  recorded 
the  birth  of  his  eldest  son  Toby,  May,  20,  1593 ;  and  a  daughter  Baptist  in  1594.  Sir  Horatio  was 
every  way  distant  from  amiable,  but  he  possessed  the  best  abilities.  Lord  Arundel  of  Wardour,  (as 
he  was  afterwards  created,)  in  a  Letter  written  in  1596,  mentions  him  first  amongst  the  experienced 
persons  in  England,  to  whom  he  refers  the  Queen's  Ministers  to  assure  them  that  he  had  committed 
no  crime  in  accepting  of  the  title  of  Count  of  the  Empire,  without  her  Majesty's  permission,  for 
which  he  was  then  under  confinement.  "  Neither  do  I  think,"  says  his  Lordship,  "  England  to  be 
so  unfurnished  of  experienced  men,  but  that  either  Horatio  Palavecini,  Sir  Robert  Sidney,  Mr. 
Dyer,  or  some  other,  can  witness  a  truth  therein."  Sir  Horace  owned  another  estate  two  miles 
from  Babraham,  at  Little  Shelford,  where  he  built  a  house  in  the  Italian  style,  with  a  large  piazza 
or  gallery,  with  pillars  in  the  front  of  the  second  story,  which  was  taken  down  and  a  new  one 
erected  in  the  same  delightful  situation,  on  the  banks  of  a  pretty  trout  stream,  by  Mr.  William 
Finch,  an  opulent  ironmonger,  of  Cambridge,  who  purchased  the  estate.  Sir  Horatio  died  July  6, 
1600 ;  he  was  buried  on  the  17th,  and  his  Funeral  kept  on  the  4th  of  August,  and  his  Widow  was  re- 
married to  Sir  Oliver  Cromwell  July  7,  1601. — The  burial  of  his  children  and  grand-children  are 
recorded  in  the  same  Register. 

The  following  Epitaph  by  the  celebrated  Bp.  Hall,  is  here  given  from  a  small  collection  of  Funeral 
Verses,  intituled,  "Album,  sen  Nigrum  Amicorum  in  Obitum  Horatii  Palavicini;  Lond.  1609,"  4to, 

"  In  Obitum  viri  amplissimi  Domini  Horatii  Pallavicini  Equitis  Epitaphium. 
Utra  mihi  patria  est,  utra  est  peregrina,  viator  ? 

Itala  terra  tulit,  terra  Britanna  tegit. 
Natus  ibi,  hie  vixi,  moriorque  ineunte  senect&  ; 

Ilia  mihi  cunas  contulit,  hffic  tumulum. 
Deserui  Latium  vivus,  meque  ilia  reliquit; 

Quodque  ortu  meruit,  perdidit  exitio. 
Hospitio  excepit  fovitque  Britannia  longo, 

Jure  sit  ilia  suo  patria  sola  mihi, 
Nbn  tamen  ilia  mihi  patria  est,  non  ulla  sub  astris ; 

Sed  teneo  aetherei  regna  suprema  Poli.  J.  HALL,  Inman. 

Another  Epitaph,  remarkable  for  its  oddity,  and  confirming  what  is  said  before  concerning  his 


THE    KING'S    RECEPTION    AT   GODMANCHESTER,  1603.  103 

ploughs1,  in  shew  of  their  husbandries  which,  while  his  Majestic  being  very  wel 
delighted  with  the  sight,  demanded  why  they  offered  him  so  many  horses  and 
ploughs;  he  was  resolved,  that  it  was  their  auncient  custome,  whensoever  any 
King  of  England  passed  through  their  Towne,  so  to  present  his  Excellence. 
Besides  they  added,  that  they  held  their  lands  by  that  tenure,  being  the  King's 
Tenants :  his  Majestic  not  only  tooke  well  in  worth  their  goode  mindes,  but  bad 
them  use  well  their  ploughs,  being  glad  he  was  Landlord  of  so  many  good  hus- 
bandmen in  one  Towne.  I  trust  his  Highnesse,  when  he  knowes  well  the  wrong, 
will  take  order  for  those,  as  her  Majestie  began,  that  turne  plough-land  to  pas- 
torage;  and  where  many  good  husbandmen  dwelt,  there  is  now  nothing  left  but 
a  great  house  without  fire;  the  Lord  commonly  at  sojourne  neere  London,  and 

honesty  and  integrity,  was  transcribed  by  Mr.  Walpole  from  a  MS.  of  Sir  John  Crew,  of  Worthington, 
a  great  Antiquary  and  Herald  : 

"  Here  lies  Horatio  Palavezene, 

Who  robb'd  the  Pope  to  lend  the  Queene ; 

He  was  a  thief; — a  thief !  thou  liest, 

For  whie  ?  he  robb'd  but  Antichrist. 

Him  death  wyth  besome  swept  from  Babram, 

Into  the  bosom  of  oulde  Abraham ; 

But  then  came  Hercules  with  his  club. 

And  struck  him  down  to  Belzebub." 

•  ••  When  the  King  passed  through  Godmanchester,  they  met  him  with  seventy  new  ploughs, 
drawn  by  as  many  teams  of  horses;  and  when  he  inquired  the  reason,  he  was  answered,  that 
they  hold  their  lands  immediately  from  the  Kings  of  England,  by  the  tenure  of  so  meeting 
them  on  passing  through  their  Town."  Magna  Britannia,  vol.  II.  p.  1046.  It  has  been  said, 
it  was  this  circumstance  that  led  James  to  grant  his  charter  of  incorporation  to  the  inhabitants. — 
"  Godmanchester  was  for  several  centuries  most  highly  celebrated  for  the  goodness  of  its  husbandry; 
but  from  tho  general  improvement  that  has  taken  place,  it  is  now  but  little  superior  to  the  common 
level.  Caniden  says  there  is  no  place  in  all  England  that  has  so  many  stout  hinds,  or  employs  more 
ploughs ;  for  they  make  their  boast  of  having  formerly  received  the  Kings  of  England  in  their  Pro- 
gresses this  way,  with  nine  score  ploughs  brought  forth  in  a  rustical  kind  of  pomp  for  a  gallant 
shew.  Indeed,  there  be  none  of  our  Nation  that  apply  themselves  more  seriously  to  a  rustic  pro- 
fession (which  Columella  says  is  allied  to  wisdom),  whether  we  have  respect  to  their  skill  therein,  to  their 
ability  to  bear  the  expense,  or  to  their  willing  mind,  withall  to  take  the  pains.''  Bishop  Gibson 
remarks,  it  grew  so  wealthy  and  considerable  by  its  husbandry,  that  in  the  reign  of  James  the  First, 
it  was  incorporated  as  a  borough,  by  the  style  of  two  Bailiffs,  twelve  Assistants,  and  Commonalty; 
it  never,  however,  had  the  privilege  of  sending  Representatives  to  Parliament.  The  houses  are  spread 
over  a  considerable  plot  of  ground,  and  though  in  general  irregular,  many  of  them  are  good  brick 
buildings ;  the  two  bridges,  next  the  village  on  the  road  to  Huntingdon,  are  also  of  brick. 


104  THE   KING'S    ENTRY    INTO    HERTFORDSHIRE, 

for  the  husbandmen  and  ploughs,  he  only  maintaines  a  sheepeheard  and  his  dog. 
But  what  do  I  talking  of  sheepe,  when  I  am  to  follow  the  gestes  of  a  King?  I 
will  leave  them  and  their  wolvish  Lords,  that  have  eaten  up  poore  husbandmen 
like  sheepe,  and  proceede  where  I  left. 

His  Majestie  being  past  Godmanchester,  held  on  his  way  towardes  Royston  '; 
and  drawing  neere  the  Towne,  the  Shiriffe  of  Huntingtonshire2  humbly  tooke  his 
leave;  and  there  he  was  received  by  that  worthy  Knight  Sir  Edward  Denny5, 

1  This  well-known  market-town  is  situated  in  Hertfordshire,  in  a  bottom  among  the  chalk  downs, 
on  the  extreme  borders  of  that  County  and  Cambridgeshire.     Robert  Chester,  Esquire,  who  had  been 
Sheriff  of  Hertfordshire  in  the  41st  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  and^had  the  honour  of  entertaining  the  King 
in  this  Progress  (see  p.  105),  possessed  at  that  time  the  site  of  Royston  Priory,  which  continued  in 
his  family  during  several  generations ;  but  it  is  now  the  property  of  Thomas  Lord  Dacre. — The 
King  was  so  pleased  with  his  Entertainment,  and  with  the  surrounding  country,  perfectly  adapted  to 
his  favourite  diversion  of  field  sports,  that  he  made  repeated  visits  to  Royston,  and  soon  built  there  a 
small  Palace,  or  hunting-box,  wherein  he  signed  the  perfidious  order  for  the  apprehension  of  his 
favourite  Carr.    It  was  lately  the  residence  of  a  carpenter,  who  purchased  it  for  very  little  money.  — 
"  The  King's-house  was  built  by  James  I.  as  an  occasional  residence  for  enjoying  the  amusements 
of  hawking  and  hunting.    That  Monarch  was  at  Royston  with  his  favourite  the  Earl  of  Somerset, 
when  he  received  intelligence  of  the  murder  of  Sir  Thomas  Overbury ;  the  Earl  was  arrested  as  a 
principal  in  this  infamous  transaction  in  the  King's  presence,  and  it  is  said,  that  his  Majesty,  who, 
at  the  moment  of  the  arrest,  had  been  leaning  on  his  favourite's  shoulder,  said  very  coolly,  as  soon  as 
he  had  quitted  the  apartment,  "  Now  the  de'el  go  with  thee,  for  I  will  never  see  thy  face  any  more." 
At  the  commencement  of  the  Civil  War  King  Charles  removed  from  Hampton  Court  to  his  house  at 
Royston,  previously  to  his  setting  up  his  standard  at  Nottingham.     On  the  24th  of  June   1647, 
being  a  prisoner  to  the  army,  whose  head  quarters  were  then  at  Royston,  he  was  lodged  in  his  own 
house  there  two  nights.    The  survey  of  Royston-house,  taken  during  the  interregnum,  describes  the 
King's  lodgings  as  in  good  repair,  consisting  of  a  Presence-chamber,  Privy-chamber,  and  other 
rooms.     It  has  since  gone  to  decay,  and  there  are  now  very  small  remains  of  the  building.     In 
1753,  the  site  was  leased  to  John  Minchin  for  fifty  years.     This  lease  at  the  time  ef  its  expiration  in 
1303  was  vested  in  Mrs.  Anne  Wortham."     Lysons'  Britannia,  vol.  II.  p.  247. — Royston  was  famous 
during  nearly  the  whole  of  the  last  century  for  a  celebrated  club,  consisting  of  nearly  all  the  Nobility 
and  Gentry  of  the  neighbourhood ;  the  room  in  which  they  met  being  adorned  with  the  portraits 
of  many  of  them  ;  of  this  club  see  the  Gentleman's  Magazine,  vol.  L.  p.  474.  LIU.  pp.  813,  816. 
9  Sir  John  Bedell. 

»  Sir  Edward  Denny  was  summoned  to  Parliament,  Oct.  27,  1604,  by  the  title  of  Baron  Denny 
of  Waltham,  and  in  1626  was  advanced  to  the  degree  of  Earl  of  Norwich.  He  died  in  1630,  and 
was  buried  in  Waltham  Church.  By  his  Lady,  Mary,  third  daughter  of  Thomas  Earl  of  Exeter,  he 
had  an  only  daughter,  Honora,  who  in  1606-7,  through  the  favour  and  countenance  of  King  James 
was  married  to  one  of  his  servants  and  attendants  from  Scotland  into  England,  Sir  James  Hay,  Knt.  to 
whom  he  granted  the  title  of  Lord  Hay,  with  precedence  next  to  the  Barons  of  England,  but  without 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT    COCKENMATCH,   IrjOg.  105 

High  Shiriffe  of  Hartfordshire,  attended  upon  by  a  goodly  companie  of  pro- 
per men,  being  in  number  seven  score,  sutably  apparalled,  their  liveries  blew 
coates  with  sleeves  parted  in  the  middest,  buttoned  behinde  in  jerkin  fashion, 
and  white  doublets,  and  hats  and  feathers,  and  all  of  them  mounted  on 
horses  with  red  saddles.  Sir  Edward,  after  his  humble  dutie  done,  presented 
his  Majestic  with  a  gallant  horse,  a  riche  saddle,  and  furniture  correspondent 
to  the  same,  being  of  great  value;  which  his  Majestic  accepted  very  gra- 
ciously, and  caused  him  to  ride  on  the  same  before  him  ;  this  worthy  Knight, 
being  of  a  deliver  spirit,  and  agil  body,  quickly  mounted,  managing  the  gal- 
lant beast,  with  neate  and  eiduing  workmanship,  being  in  a  rich  sute  of  a  yel- 
low dun  colour,  somewhat  neere  the  colour  of  the  horse  and  furniture.  And 
thus  in  brave  manner  he  conducted  his  Majestic  to  one  Maister  Chester's  house  ', 
where  his  Majestic  lay  that  night  on  his  owne  Kingly  charge. 

place  or  voice  in  Parliament,  and  who,  in  1615,  was  advanced  to  the  title  of  Baron  Hay  of  Sanby, 
and  in  1617  to  that  of  Earl  of  Carlisle  ;  and  of  whom  more  hereafter. 

The  following  anecdote  is  preserved  by  Fuller,  on  the  authority  of  Thomas  Smith,  of  Waltham  Abbey: 
"  It  so  fell  out  that  I  served  Sir  Edward  Denny  (towards  the  latter  end  of  the  raign  of  Queen  Eli- 
zabeth of  blessed  memory),  who  lived  in  the  Abbey  of  Waltham  Crosse,  in  the  County  of  Essex, 
which  in  that  time  lay  in  ruinous  heaps,  and  then  Sir  Edward  began  slowly  now  and  then  to  make 
even  and  re-edify  some  of  that  chaos :  in  doing  whereof,  Tomkins,  his  gardner,  came  to  discover 
(among  other  things)  a  fair  marble  stone,  the  cover  of  a  tombe  hewed  out  in  hard  stone ;  this  cover, 
with  some  help,  he  removed  from  off  the  tombe,  which  having  done,  there  appeared  (to  the  view  of 
the  gardner,  and  Master  Baker,  Minister  of  the  Town,  who  died  long  since),  and  to  my  self  and  Master 
Henry  Knagg  (Sir  Edward's  Bayliffe),  the  anatomy  of  a  man  lying  in  the  tombe  abovesaid,  onely  the 
bones  remaining,  bone  to  his  bone,  not  one  bone  dislocated ;  in  observation  whereof,  we  wondred  to 
see  the  bones  still  remaining  in  such  due  order,  and  no  dust  or  other  filth  besides  them  to  be  seen  in 
the  tomb :  we  could  not  conceive  that  it  had  been  an  anatomy  of  bones  only  laid  at  first  into  the 
tomb ;  yet  \{  it  had  been  the  whole  carcass  of  a  man,  [it  is  generally  conceived  the  body  of  King 
Harold,]  what  became  of  his  flesh  and  entrals  ?  for  (as  1  have  said  above)  the  tomb  was  free  from  all 
filth  and  dust  besides  the  bones. — This,  when  we  had  all  well  observed,  I  told  them,  that  if  they  did 
but  touch  any  part  thereof,  that  all  would  fall  asunder,  for  I  bad  onely  heard  somewhat  formerly  of 
the  like  accident.  Tryall  was  made,  and  so  it  came  to  pass.  For  my  own  |>art,  I  am  perswaded,  that 
as  the  flesh  of  this  anatomy  to  us  became  invisible,  so  likewise  would  the  bones  have  been  in  some 
longer  continuance  of  time.  Oh,  what  is  man  then,  which  vanisheth  thus  away  like  unto  snioak  or 
vapour,  and  is  no  more  seen  ?  Whosoever  thou  art  that  shall  read  this  passage,  thou  mayst  find  cause 
of  humility  sufficient." 

1  Though  "  Maister  Chester"  was  then  owner  of  the  Priory  at  Royston,  and  attended  on  the  King 
at  his  entrance  into  the  Town  ;  it  was  more  probably  at  his  mansion  of  Cockenhatch  (in  the  parish 
of  Berkway,  near  Royston)  that  he  had  the  honour  of  entertaining  this  Royal  Master.  A  View  of 
this  house  may  be  seen  in  Chauncy,  p.  10?. 

VOL.  U  P 


106  THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT    STANDON, 

The  goth  day,  being  Satterday,  his  Majestie  tooke  his  journey  towards  Stan- 
don  1,  to  Sir  Thomas  Sadleir's,  and  by  the  way  the  Byshop  of  London  2  met  him, 
attended  on  by  a  seemely  company  of  Gentlemen  in  tawny  coates  and  chaines  of 
gold.  At  Sir  Thomas  Sadleir's  his  Majestie  was  Royally  entertained,  for  himselfe 
and  his  Kingly  Traine ;  nothing  being  wanting  the  best  desired,  nor  that  the 
meanest  could  demaund.  There  his  Majestie  stayed  Sunday,  before  whom  the 
Byshop  of  London  preached. 

His  Majestie  now  drawing  neere  to  London,  the  numbers  of  people  more  and 
more  increased,  as  wel  of  Nobilitie,  Gentrie,  Citizens,  countrey  people,  and  all, 
as  well  of  degree  as  of  no  degree ;  so  great  a  desire  had  the  Noble,  that  they  preast 
with  the  ignoble,  to  see  their  Soveraigne;  this  being  the  difference  of  their  desires, 
that  the  better  sort,  either  in  blood  or  of  conceit,  came  to  observe  and  serve ;  the 
other  to  see  and  wonder. 

The  second  of  May,  being  Munday,  his  Majestie  removed  to  Brockesbourne3, 

1  In  the  Note,  p.  52,  the  words  "  Sir  Thomas  Sadleir's,  or"  should  not  have  been  inserted.  —  See  a 
View  of  Standon  in  "  Queen  Elizabeth's  Progresses,"  vol.  II.  p.  107 ;  and  some  particulars  of  the 
Sadleir  family  in  vol.  I.  p.  100;  vol.  II.  p.  104. 

s  Dr.  Richard  Bancroft,  whom  the  King  soon  after  visited  at  Fulham,  and  who  in  1603-4  was 
promoted  to  the  See  of  Canterbury. 

3  Henry  Cock,  Esq.  of  Broxbourn,  Herts,  was  constituted  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1574,  after- 
wards made  Cofferer  to  the  Queen,  and  received  the  honour  of  Knighthood  in  1591.  Among  the 
evidences  of  the  Marquis  of  Salisbury  at  Hatfield  House,  Mr.  Clutterbuck  met  with  the  following  Let- 
ter written  to  his  Lordship's  ancestor  Sir  Robert  Cecil,  by  Sir  Henry  Cock,  upon  the  subject  of  the 
King's  Visit  to  him  at  Broxbourn  Bury  : 

"  Right  Honorable,  Yesterdae  I  was  desyrous  to  have  done  my  duetye  unto  you,  and  then  to  have 
understoode  from  you  at  what  tyme,  upon  Tewesdae  next,  the  Lordes  and  yourselfe  were  determined 
to  attend  his  Majestie  at  Broxborne ;  but  your  honor  in  respect  of  the  funeralls  had  then  lytle  leasure, 
and  I  in  respect  of  my  great  busynes  made  haste  home.  Therefore,  I  am  bolde  hereby  humbly  to  intreat 
your  honor  for  honorable  advice  and  direccion  herein,  whereby  I  maye  take  such  order  for  the  same 
as  in  duetye  becommeth  me.  If  yt  shall  please  your  honor  to  come  to  Broxborne  in  ye  forenoon* 
(whereof  I  shall  be  very  gladd)  although  I  shal  be  shorte  of  y'at  I  doe  desyre;  yeat  will  I  (God  wil- 
ling) doe  my  endevor  to  make  ye  best  provision  I  can  for  the  Entertainement  of  you  in  as  good  sorte 
as  for  the  shortenes  of  ye  tyme  I  shal  be  able,  which  I  hope  your  honor  will  take  in  good  parte, 
remembring,  under  your  good  favor,  ye  olde  sayinge,  '  Better  to  lack  meate  then  good  companie ;'  thus 
expecting  by  this  bearer  your  honors  favorable  answere,  which  the  remembrance  of  my  humble 
duetye,  I  doe  committ  you  nowe  and  ever  to  God's  mercyfull  proteccion.  From  Broxborne  y*  xxixth 
of  Aprill  1602.  Yours  Honor's  allwaies  reddye  at  commandement,  HE.  COCKE. 

"  To  the.  Right  Honorable  Sir  Robert  Cecyl,  Knight,  Principall  Secretary  of  the 
Kinges  most  excellent  Majestie,  and  one  of  his  most  honorable  Privie  Councell." 


THE  KING'S  ENTERTAINMENT  AT  BROXBOURN  AND  THEOBALDS,  l603-   107 

a  house  of  Sir  Henrie  Cock's,  Cofferer  to  the  late  Cjueene  Elizabeth,  and  now  also 
Cofferer  to  his  Majestie,  where  he  met  him  the  Lord  Keeper  of  the  Great  Scale ', 
the  Lord  Tresurer2,  the  Lord  Admirall3,  with  the  most  of  the  Nobility  of  the 
land  and  Councell  of  State,  who  were  favourably  received.  At  which  time  the 
said  Lord  Keeper  made  a  briefe  and  learned  Speech  to  his  Majestie;  to  which  his 
Highnesse  answered  with  great  grace  and  Princely  wisdome.  But  to  speake  of 
his  Highnesse  entertainment  at  Brockesbourne,  it  was  so  aboundant,  as  there  was 
no  man,  of  what  condition  soever,  but  hadde  what  appetite  desired;  his  Majestie 
also  receiving  thereby  great  contentment.  And  continuing  there  but  one  night, 
he  departed  the  next  day,  thanking  the  good  Knight  for  his  great  expences. 

The  3d  of  May,  being  Tuesday,  his  Majestie  tooke  his  journey  towards  Theo- 
balds4, a  house  belonging  to  Sir  Robert  Cecil,  and  about  foure  miles  distant  from 
Sir  Henrie  Cock's,  where  met  him  the  Lord  Keeper,  the  Lord  Treasurer,  the 
Lord  Admiral,  with  most  of  the  Nobilitie  of  the  land  and  Counsell  of  Estate, 
who  were  graciously  received.  At  which  time  the  Lord  Keeper  made  a  most 
grave,  learned,  briefe,  and  pithie  Oration  to  his  Majestie.  To  which  his  Highnes 
answered  with  great  grace  and  princely  wisdome.  At  this  house  there  met  his  Ma- 
jestie all  or  the  most  part  of  the  old  Servants  and  Officers  in  Household  of  our  late 
Royall  Mistresse  Cjueene  Elizabeth,  and  with  them  the  Guarde  of  his  Majestie's 
Body,  all  of  them  being  courteously  received  to  their  owne  content.  Also  in  this 
house  of  Theobalds,  his  Majestie  made  divers  Noblemen  of  Scotland  of  his 
Honourable  Privie  Counsell ;  viz.  The  Duke  of  Lennox  s;  the  Erie  of  Marr6;  the 

1  Thomas  Egerton,  afterwards  Lord  Ellesmere.  *  Robert  Cecil,  Lord  Burleigh. 

'  Charles  Howard,  Earl  of  Nottingham. 

4  Theobalds,  which  soon  after  became  a  Royal  Palace,  will  be  repeatedly  notked  in  many  of 
the  subsequent  pages.  5  Of  whom,  see  before,  p.  36. 

•  John  Erskine,  seventh  Earl  of  Marr,  was  born  about  1558,  and  bred  up  with  King  James  VI. 
under  George  Buchanan.  He  succeeded  to  his  father's  Earldom  in  1572. — In  1595  the  King  com- 
mitted the  keeping  of  Prince  Henry  to  the  Earl  of  Marr,  by  a  warrant  under  his  hands  of  this  tenor  : 

"  Because  in  the  surety  of  my  son  consisteth  my  surety,  and  I  have  concredited  to  yow  the  charge  ef 

his  keeping,  upon  the  trust  I  have  of  your  honesty ;  this  I  command  you,  out  of  my  own  mouth,  being 

in  the  company  of  those  I  like  otherwise,  for  any  charge  or  necessity  that  can  come  from  me,  you 

shall  not  deliver  him.     And  in  case  God  call  me  at  any  time,  see  that  neither  for  the  Queen,  nur 

Estates  their  pleasure,  you  deliver  him  till  he  be  eighteen 

years   of  age,   and  that   he   command   you  himself.  ^/// 

"  This  from  your  assured  Friend, 

"  Stiveling,  24  July  1595." 


108  THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT   THEOBALDS, 

Lord  Home1;  Sir  George  Hume2,  Treasurer  of  Scotland;  Sir  James  Elphingston*, 
The  Earl  of  Marr  was  Ambassador  to  England  1601,  and  there  entered  into  negotiations  for  securing 
the  succession  of  James  to  the  English  Throne  on  the  death  of  Elizabeth.  He  accompanied  the  King  to 
England  in  1603  ;  but  was  obliged  to  return  before  he  came  the  length  of  York,  to  appease  Queen 
Anne  who  had  demanded  her  daughter,  Princess  Elizabeth,  and  her  son,  Prince  Henry,  whom  the 
Earl  had  left  under  the  care  of  his  Countess,  with  the  express  command  not  to  deliver  them  to  any 
person  whatever  without  an  order  under  his  hand.  This,  it  is  said,  the  Queen  never  forgave.  He 
now  set  out  again  for  England,  was  sworn  a  Privy  Councillor  there,  and  installed  a  Knight  of  the 
Garter,  27th  July  1603.  He  got  an  exoneration  from  the  King  for  his  care  of  Prince  Henry,  28th 
June  1603,  and  obtained  grants  of  several  Abbeys  and  Church  lands,  then  dissolved  from  the  Crown. 
He  also  had  a  grant  of  the  Manor  of  Charlton  in  Kent,  1604.  He  continued  several  years  at  Court, 
high  in  the  favour  of  the  King,  who  trusted  to  and  confided  much  in  him  with  regard  to  the  manage- 
ment of  foreign  affairs ;  and,  on  the  17th  December  1615,  delivered  to  him  the  White  Staff,  appointing 
him  High  Treasurer  of  Scotland,  which  he  held  till  April  1630.  The  revenue  was  so  well  managed 
by  him,  that  at  the  Kings  coming  to  Scotland  1617,  the  Court  was  entertained  with  the  greatest 
magnificence  out  of  the  Treasury.  His  Lordship  died  at  Stirling,  14th  December  1634,  at.  77,  and 
was  buried  at  Alloa,  7th  April  1635."  Wood's  Douglas. 
1  Of  whom,  see  before,  p.  35. 

8  Afterwards  Earl  of  Dunbar,  who  will  be  noticed  in  several  of  the  subsequent  pages. 
*  Sir  James  Elphinston,  third  son  of  Robert  third  Lord  Elphinston,  was  appointed  a  Lord  of  Ses- 
sion in  1588;  a  Commissioner  of  the  Treasury  in  1595;  and  Secretary  of  State  in  1598.  February 
20,  1603-4,  he  was  created  a  Peer  by  the  title  of  Lord  Balmerinoch.  In  1604  he  was  nominated  one 
of  the  Commissioners  on  the  part  of  Scotland,  to  treat  of  an  union  with  England,  which  at  that  time 
did  not  take  effect,  and  on  the  1st  of  March  1605  he  was  constituted  President  of  the  Court  of  Ses- 
sion. In  that  high  office  he  stemmed  the  secret  and  corrupt  influence  of  the  Earl  of  Dunbar  on  the 
Bench  with  great  spirit.  The  King  now  entertained  so  high  a  regard  for  Lord  Balmerinocb,  that  it  is 
said  he  had  an  intention  of  nominating  him  the  English  Secretary  of  State,  but  the  following  cir- 
cumstance put  a  sudden  stop  to  his  Lordship's  career  of  favour  and  preferment.  In  1599  his  near 
relation  Sir  Edward  Drummond,  having  mentioned  that  it  would  be  easy  to  procure  a  Cardinal's  hat 
for  his  martial  kinsman,  Drummond,  Bishop  of  Vaizon,  by  obtaining  a  Letter  from  James  VI.  to  the 
Pope,  to  request  the  promotion  of  a  Scotsman  to  the  Cardinalate,  in  order  that  he  might  manage  the 
correspondence  betwixt  the  Courts  of  Rome  and  Edinburgh,  his  Lordship  made  a  proposal  to  that 
effect  to  his  Majesty.  James  was  not  averse  to  correspond  with  Clement,  but  scrupled  to  concede 
his  apostolical  titles,  which  were  afterwards  prefixed  to  a  letter  presented  with  dispatches  for  different 
Cardinals,  and  subscribed  without  hesitation  by  the  King.  Much  address  and  intrigue  was  employed 
by  the  Earl  of  Dunbar  and  Secretary  Cecil,  Balmerinoch's  implacable  enemies,  to  persuade  him  to 
exculpate  James ;  his  life  and  estate  were  secured  by  promises,  and  his  offices  were  to  remain  at  the 
King's  disposal.  Thus  he  was  induced  to  conceal  some  circumstances  in  his  account  of  the  transac- 
tion, and  to  satisfy  others ;  and  at  the  expence  of  his  own  fame,  and  with  the  danger  of  his  life, 
endeavoured  to  draw  a  veil  over  this  part  of  his  Master's  conduct.  His  Lordship  being  sent  down  to 
Scotland,  by  land,  under  a  guard,  was  imprisoned  in  Falkland,  tried  at  St.  Andrew's,  and  found  guilty 
of  treason.  Upon  the  King's  confirming  the  verdict,  sentence  was  pronounced  on  his  Lordship  in 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT   THEOBALDS,   lG03.  109 

Secretaire  to  the  King;  the  Lord  of  Kinlosse1,  now  Master  of  his  Majestie's 
Rolles.  Also  of  the  English  Nobilitie,  he  made  these  of  his  Secrett  and  Ho- 
nourable Counsell :  the  Lord  Henrie  Howard 2,  brother  to  Thomas  Howard, 

the  tolbooth  of  Edinburgh,  1st  March  16O9,  to  be  beheaded,  quartered,  and  demeaned  as  a  traitor 
The  same  day  he  was  carried  towards  Falkland  j  when  it  excited  wonder  to  see  him  allowed  to  wear 
his  sword.  This  sentence  was  not,  however,  carried  into  execution  ;  and  in  October  1609,  a  warrant 
passed,  granting  him  liberty  of  free  ward  in  Falkland,  and  one  mile  round  that  place,  on  his  finding 
security  in  the  sum  of  s£.4O,0(M,  not  to  transgress  these  bounds.  His  Lordship  afterwards  obtained 
permission  to  retire  to  his  own  house  of  Balmerinoch,  where  he  died  in  1612.  Wood's  Douglas. 

1  Edward  Bruce  was  appointed  a  Lord  of  Session  in  1597  ;  and  in  1COO  was  sent,  with  the  Earl  of 
Marr,  by  King  James  VI.  into  England,  to  congratulate  Queen  Elizabeth  on  the  suppression  of  the 
rebellion.  He  then  settled  such  a  correspondence  with  Secretary  Cecil,  that  he  was  eminently  instru- 
mental in  the  peaceable  accession  of  King  James  VI.  to  the  throne  of  England.  He  had  a  charter  of 
the  Barony  of  Kinloss  united  into  a  temporal  lordship,  with  the  title  of  a  Lord  of  Parliament,  Feb.  2, 
1  GO  1-2,  and  of  all  the  kinds  and  baronies  which  belonged  to  the  Abbey  of  Kinloss,  united  into  the 
lordship  of  Kinloss,  with  the  title  of  a  Lord  of  Parliament,  May  3,.  16OS.  Accompanying  King 
James  into  England  on  his  accession,  he  was  sworn  a  Privy  Councillor  there,  as  he  had  been  in  Scot- 
land, and  was  constituted  Master  of  the  RolU,  on  which  occasion  he  resigned  his  office  of  Lord  of 
Session.  He  died  Jan.  14,  1610-1 1,  in  the  62nd  year  of  his  age,  and  was  buried  in  the  Rolls  Chapel  in 
Chancery  Lane,  where  is  a  fair  monument  erected  to  his  memory,  with  his  effigies  in  a  recumbent 
posture,  habited  as  Master  of  the  Rolls,  and  this  epitaph  : 

"  Fuimus.  Sacia:  memoriae  Domini  Edward!  Bruce,  Baronis  Bruce,  Kinlossiensis, 

Sacrorum  Scriniorum  Magistro  dicatum, 
qui  obiit  14  Jap.  an.  Sal.  1610,  aetat.  62.     Jacobi  regis  8. 
Brucius  Eihanlus  situs  hie  et  Scotus  et  Anglus, 

Scotus  ut  ortu,  Anglis  sic  oriundus  avis ; 
Regno  in  utroque  decus  tulit,  auctus  honoribus  amplU, 

Regis  consiliis  regni  utriusque ;  fuit 
Conjuge,  prole,  nuro,  genero,  spe,  reque  beat  us; 
Vivcre  nos  docuit,  nunc  docet  ecce  mori. 

He  left  two  sons,  Edward  and  Thomas,  successively  Lords  Kinloss;  and  one  daughter,  Christian 
Countess  of  Devonshire;  of  whom  see  hereafter  under  the  year  16O8. 

*  This  obsequious  Courtier  (of  whom  a  brief  memoir  has  been  given  in  p.  66,  by  Sir  David  DalrympleK 
Lord  Hailes)  makes  a  conspicuous  figure  in  "  The  Secret  Correspondence  of  Sir  Robert  Cecil  with 
James  VI.  King  of  Scotland,  now  first  published  ;  Edinburgh,  17G5 ;"  consisting  of  Seventeen  Letter.- 
between  Lord  Henry  Howard,  the  Scottish  King,  the  Earl  of  Marr,  and  Mr.  Edward  Bruce  (after- 
wards Lord  Kinlo-s  ) — Previous  to  the  appearance  of  this  correspondence,  Dr.  Robertson  thus  allmii- 
to  the  conduct  of  Sir  Robert  Cecil  ;  "  As  Elizabeth  advanced  in  years,  the  English  turned  thrir 
more  and  more  towards  Scotland,  and  were  eager  to  prevent  each  other  in  courting  the  favour  of  their 
future  Monarch.  Assurances  of  attachment,  professions  of  regard,  and  promises  of  support,  were 
offered  to  James  from  every  corner  of  the  Kingdom.  Cecil  himself,  perceiving  what  hopes  E?se\  had 
founded  on  the  friendship  of  the  Scottish  King,  and  what  advantages  he  might  have  denied  from  it, 
thought  it  prudent  to  stand  no  longer  at  a  distance  from  a  Prince  who  might  so  soon  become  his 
Master.  But  being  sensible,  at  the  same  time,  how  dangerous  such  an  intercourse  might  prove, 


110  THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT   THEOBALDS,   I  6*03. 

late  Duke  of  Norfolke ;  Thomas  Lord  Howard,  sonne  to  the  said  Duke,  who 

under  a  Mistress  naturally  jealous,  and  whose  jealousy  grew  stronger  with  old  age,  though  he  entered 
into  a  correspondence  with  him,  he  carried  it  on  with  all  the  secrecy  and  caution  necessary  in  his 
situation,  and  peculiar  to  his  character."-—"  The  correspondence  to  which  Dr.  Robertson  here  alludes," 
says  Lord  Hailes,  "  is  now  presented  to  the  publick.  It  was  concluded  in  the  stile  of  Cecil  by  Lord 
Henry  Howard,  afterwards  Earl  of  Northampton.  The  confidents  employed  by  King  James  were 
the  Earl  of  Marr  and  Mr.  Edward  Bruce  of  Kinloss.  Notwithstanding  the  anxious  and  repeated 
injunctions  of  Cecil  '  to  destroy  every  Letter,  great  part  of  the  correspondence  has  been  preserved. 
Some  of  the  original  Letters  are  in  the  Advocate's  Library  at  Edinburgh ;  copies  of  whose  trans- 
actions from  the  archives  of  the  family  of  Marr,  are  in  the  possession  of  Earl  Hardwicke.  By  what 
act  it  was  that  Cecil  established  himself  in  the  favour  of  King  James,  and  at  the  same  time  sup- 
planted his  rival,  will  appear  from  the  perusal  of  the  following  sheets.  The  Reader  may  probably  be 
of  opinion,  that  this  unfortunate  Politician  was  no  less  solicitous  to  maintain  his  own  power,  than  to 
settle  the  succession  to  his  aged  Benefactress  Queen  Elizabeth." 

The  Letters,  sixteen  in  number,  are  strictly  confidential,  and,  as  will  readily  be  supposed,  are  almost 
wholly  political ;  but  an  extract  from  one  of  the  latest  of  them  shall  be  given,  as  it  relates  to  the 
personal  habits  of  the  Queen.  It  was  written  from  the  Court,  about  the  beginning  of  September 
1602.  "  I  have  so  fully  touched  all  points,  most  noble,  dear,  and  worthy  Earl  of  Marr,  mentioned  in 
your  last  dispatch,  in  these  Letters,  which  by  this  I  sent  to  King  James  and  Mr.  Edward  Bruce,  as  it 
shall  be  neither  needful  nor  convenient  by  idle  repetitions  to  clog  up  our  statements  with  coleworts 
twice  sodden. — In  this  place  all  is  quiet,  and  hath  ever  been  without  disturbances  since  that  Cob- 
ham  by  sickness,  and  Raleigh  by  direction,  was  absent  from  Court ;  for,  though  Northumberland,  to 
maintain  life  in  the  party,  were  directed  by  them  to  attend  the  Progress,  yet  his  heart  is  so  shallow, 
as  he  was  not  able  to  make  good  the  first  part  of  their  project,  which  was  to  give  intelligence,  much 
jess  to  carry  the  Sovereign.  Being  weary  of  ill  lodging,  in  respect  of  his  parched  body,  he  made  a 
sudden  retreat,  and  now  means  to  go  down  to  visit  his  Dennis  Raleigh  who  is  come  from  his  stand 
in  Dorsetshire,  which  has  angered  the  Queen  exceedingly,  because  he  did  it  without  premonition  of 
purpose  for  fear  of  a  countermand ;  so  gracious  doth  his  own  confidence  hold  him  at  this  instant  with 
her  Majesty.  The  Queen  our  Sovereign  was  never  so  gallant  many  years,  nor  so  set  upon  jollity. 
Her  Council,  and  others  by  compact,  had  persuaded  her  to  give  up  the  Progress  into  the  West  for 
this  year,  by  reason  of  the  hindrance  of  harvest,  by  the  taking  up  of  carts  and  the  peoples'  groans  : 
but  she  is  come  about  again  to  hold  it  on,  as  far  as  my  Lord  of  Hartford's,  which  is  fifty  miles  from 
hence ;  and  order  is  given  yesterday  for  the  remove  the  same  day  seven-night,  hunting  or  disporting 
in  the  mean  time  every  other  day,  which  is  the  people's  ague;  and  if  things  go  forward,  or  continue 
the  next  year  as  they  are  at  present,  will  give  a  motive  of  exception  to  Sir  Walter  Raleigh  against  the 
prophet  David,  that  affirms  the  age  of  man,  but  not,  as  he  will  think,  the  age  of  woman  to  be  seventy 
years  ;  and  whatsoever  doth  exceed  that  period  to  be  labor  et  dolor.  Queen  Elizabeth  never  used  me 
in  my  life  so  well  as  she  doth  now,  making  a  poor  use  of  my  aptness  for  humour  of  recreation  and  jollity, 
for  which  1  am  only  fit,  being  otherwise  unable  to  sound  the  deeps  of  her  capacity  by  the  weight  of  my 
consideration  in  greater  things.  If  I  could  envy  any  thing  in  the  Earl  of  Marr,  it  is  the  comfort  of 
his  eye,  in  beholding  with  fruition  whom  I  do  only  see  by  faith ;  but  since  I  am  so  far  from  envy,  as 
to  wish  all  comforts  augmented  and  multiplied  to  so  worthy  and  dear  a  friend,  I  will  humbly  and 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT    THEOBALDS,   l6t)3.  Ill 

was  also  made  there  Lord  Chamberlaine '  :  and  the  Lord  Montjoy  2,  not  then 
returned  out  of  Ireland. 

His  Majestic  stayed  at  Theobalds  four  dayes;  where,  to  speake  of  Sir  Robert's 
cost  to  entertaine  him,  were  but  to  imitate  Geographers,  that  set  a  little 
round  O  for  a  mighty  Province ;  words  being  hardly  able  to  expresse  what  was 
done  there  indeed,  considering  the  multitude  that  thither  resorted  beside  the 
Traine,  none  going  thence  unsatisfied  3. 

At  Theobalds  his  Majestic  made  these  Knights: 
Sir  William  Killegrave  [Killegrew],          Sir  John  Brograve,  of  Hertfordshire. 

of  Cornwall.  Sir  William  Cooke,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Francis  Barinton4,  of  Essex.  Sir  Henry  [q.  Arthur]  Capel6,  Herts. 

Sir  Rouland  Litton5,  of  Hertfordshire.      Sir  Harbert  Crofts,  of  Hertfordshire. 
Sir  William  Peters,  of  Essex.  Sir  Edward  Grevill,  of  Warwickshire. 

daily  in  my  prayers  commend  your  health  and  happiness  to  God,  in  whom  it  is  et  celle,  etperfictrt; 
and  wishing  to  your  Lordship,  as  to  my  soul,  rest  ever  most  affectionately  devoted  at  your  commande- 
ment,  HENRY  HOWARD." — A  curious  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Northampton,  probably  the  last  which 
he  wrote,  will  be  given  under  the  year  1614. 

1  Afterwards  Earl  of  Suffolk  ;  of  whom  see  before,  p.  38. 

*  Charles  Blount,  afterwards  Earl  of  Devonshire ;  of  whom  see  before,  p.  38. 

3  Amongst  the  Noble  Visitors,  were  the  Countess  of  Cumberland,  with  her  daughter  Lady  Anne 
Clifford,  the  Countess  of  Warwick,  Lady  Newton,  with  her  daughter  Mrs.  Brydges,  &c. — "  From 
North-hall,"  says  Lady  Anne  Clifford  in  her  Diary,  "  we  all  went  to  Tibbals  to  se  the  Kinge ;  who 
used  my  Mother  and  my  Aunt  very  graciouslie  ;  but  we  all  saw  a  great  chaunge  between  the  fashion  of 
the  Court  as  it  was  now,  and  y'  in  y«  Queene's,  for  we  were  all  lowzy  by  sittinge  in  Sir  Thomas 
Erskin's  chamber." — She  adds,  that  the  Knights  made  at  Tibbalds  "  weare  inuuemerable."  —  See 
John  Savile's  description  of  the  Entertainment,  p.  135 ;  and  Sir  Robert  Cecil's  Letter  to  Sir  John 
Harington,  p.  145. 

4  Sir  Francis  Barrington,  of  Barrington-hall,  co.  Essex,  was  descended  from  an  ancient  family  there 
sealed  from  the  time  of  Etheldred,  father  of  Edward  the  Confessor.     He  was  a  Knight  of  the  Shire 
for  Essex  in  43  Eliz. ;  and  advanced  to  a  Baronetcy  June  29,  1611.     His  present  representative,  Sir 
Fitzwilliam  Barrington,  is  the  tenth  Baronet. 

5  Sir  Rowland  Li  (ton,  of  Knebworth,  Herts,  was  Lieutenant  of  that  County,  and  led  its  forces  to 
the  camp  at  Tilbury  in  1588.     He  was  also  Custos  Rotulorum  of  Hertfordshire;  Captain  of  the  Band 
of  Pensioners  under  Queen  Elizabeth;  Sheriff  in  1594 ;  Member  for  the  County  in  39  Eliz.  and  1  Jac. ; 
and  died  in  June  1606. 

•  We  find  in  Brydges's  Peerage  vol.  III.  p.  477,  that  a  Sir  Arthur  Capel  was  knighted  at  Theobalds 
May  7,  1603,  who  was  famous  for  his  great  hospitality,  and  had  been  Sheriff  of  Hertfordshire  in  ISP1?. 
He  was  grandfather  of  Arthur  first  Lord  Capel,  so  famed  for  his  loyalty  during  the  Civil  Wars,  and 
his  noble  defence  of  Colchester  in  1648  ;  great  grandfather  of  the  first  Earl  of  Essex. 


112  THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT   AT   THEOBALDS, 

Sir  Henry  Butler1,  of  Hertfordshire.  Sir  John  Ferrers7,  of  Hertfordshire. 

Sir  Henry  Maynard2,  of  Essex.  Sir  Robert  Bitton. 

Sir  Richard  Spencer3,  of  Hertfordshire.  Sir  Vincent  Skinner,  of  Middlesex. 

Sir  John  Leventhrope4,  of  Hertfordshire.  Sir  Hugh  Beeston8,  of  Cheshire. 

Sir  Nicholas  [Michael]  Stanhop, Suffolk.  Sir  John  Leigh. 

Sir  Thomas  Pope  Blunt5,  of  Hertfordsh.  Sir  Thomas  Byshop,  of  Sussex. 

Sir  Richard  Jefford  [Gifford.]  Sir  Edward  Lewys,  of  Glamorgansh. 

Sir  Thomas  Medcalfe,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Jarvis  Elves  [Gervase  Ellys.] 

Sir  Gamaliel  Capel6,  of  Essex.  Sir  Richard  Baker9,  of  Kent. 

Sir  William  Smith,  of  Essex.  Sir  Henry  Fanshaw,  of  Hertfordshire. 

1  Sir  Henry  Boteler,  of  Brantfield,  Herts,  died  January  2O,  1610-11.  His  son  Sir  John  was 
created  a  Baronet  in  1618,  and  Baron  Boteler  in  1629;  the  titles  became  extinct  with  him  in  1637. 

•  Sir  Henry  Maynard,  of  Little  Easton,  was  then  (1603)  High  Sheriff  of  Essex.     He  was  Secretary 
to  Lord  Burleigh,  and  Representative  of  St.  Alban's  in  1586,  158S,  and  1597  ;  and  of  Essex  in  1601, 
and  died  May  11,  1610.    His  eldest  son  William  was  created  a  Baronet  June  29,   1611,  Lord  May- 
nard of  Wicklow  in  1620,  and  Lord  Maynard  of  Little  Easton  in   1628,  and  from  his  third  son 
Charles  is  descended  the  present  Viscount. 

J  Sir  Richard  Spencer,  of  Offley,  Herts,  was  the  ancestor  of  that  branch  of  the  family  who  were 
Baronets  of  that  place. 

«  Sir  John  Leveuthorp,  of  Shingey,  Sheriff  of  Herts  in  1607,  was  raised  to  a  Baronetcy  in  1621. 

s  Sir  Thomas  Pope  Blount,  of  Tittenhanger,  co.  Herts,  had  been  Sheriff  of  that  county  in  1598  ; 
and  he  was  many  years  Deputy  Lieutenant  of  the  same ;  he  died  Jan  10,  1639,  aged  85.  His  son 
Henry  was  created  a  Baronet  in  1679,  and  distinguished  himself  for  his  loyalty  during  the  Civil  Wars. 
The  Baronetcy  became  extinct  in  1757-  See  Clutterbuck's  Hertfordshire,  vol.  I.  p.  289. 

6  Sir  Gamaliel  Capel,  of  Rookwood-hall,  was  Sheriff  of  Essex  in  1606 ;  and  dkd  Nov.  13,  1613. 

7  Sir  John  Ferrers  was  a  Gentleman  of  the  Privy  Chamber  to  Queen  Elizabeth,  James  the  First,  and 
Charles  the  First.     He  died  September  17,  1640. 

*  Sir  Hugh  Beeston,  of  Beeston,  was  Receiver-general  for  the  Crown  in  Cheshire  and  North  Wales, 
and  died  at  an  advanced  age  in  February  1626. 

9  This  was  the  celebrated  author  of  the  Chronicle  of  the  Kings  of  England.  He  was  grandson  of 
Sir  John  Baker,  Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer,  and  one  of  the  Privy  Council  to  Henry  the  Eighth.  Sir 
Richard  was  born  at  Sisinghurst  in  Kent  (where  Queen  Elizabeth  was  entertained  by  his  uncle  in 
1573,  see  her  "  Progresses,  vol.  I.  pp.  334,  34").  He  was  entered  of  Hart-hall,  Oxford,  in  1584, 
went  afterwards  to  one  of  the  Inns  of  Court,  and  completed  his  education  by  travel.  When  knighted 
by  King  James,  he  resided  at  Highgate.  He  served  the  office  of  High  Sheriff  of  Oxfordshire  in  1620, 
and  was  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  the  same,  being  possessed  of  estates  in  that  county.  Through 
unwisely  engaging  for  the  payment  of  the  debts  of  his  wife's  family,  who  was  the  daughter  of  Sir 
George  Manwaring,  of  Ightfield,  Shropshire,  he  was  reduced  to  poverty,  and  obliged  to  take  shelter 
in  the  Fleet  Prison,  where,  having  composed  several  books,  he  died  Feb.  18,  1644-5,  and  was  buried 
in  St.  Bride's.  He  left  his  life  in  manuscript,  but  it  was  destroyed  by  one  Smith,  his  son-in-law. 


THE    KING'S    PROGRESS    FROM   THEOBALDS   TO    LONDON,  160$.  113 

The  7th  of  May,  being  Satterday,  his  Majestic  removed  from  Theobals  towardes 

London ',  riding  through  the  medowes,  where  within  two  miles  on  this  side  Wal- 

tham,  Sir  Henry  Denny  discharged  his  followers ;  and  one  of  the  Sheriffes  of 

London  and  Middlesex  attended  his  Highnesse,  viz.  Maister  John  Swinnerton  s, 

the  other  Sheriflfe3  being  then  sicke;   Maister  Sheriffe  Swinnerton  and  threescore 

men  in  fayre  liverie  cloakes,  where  Richard  Martin,  of  the  Middle  Temple 

Esquire,  made  an  eloquent  and  learned  Oration  unto  his  Majestie.     Besides  those 

men  in  livery  cloakes  that  attended  the  Shiriffe,  all  well  mounted  on  gallant  horses, 

most  of  the  Shiriffes  Officers  attended  him,  who  conducted  his  Majestie  within 

two  miles  of  London  ;  and  at  Stanford-hill  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London  4  presented 

him  with  the  sword  and  keyes  of  the  Citie,  with  whom  were  the  Knights  and 

Aldermen  in  skarlet  gownes  and  great  chaines  of  golde  about  their  nec-kes,  with 

all  the  Chiefe  Officers  and  Counsell  of  the  Cittie ;  besides  five  hundred  Citizens, 

all  very  well  mounted,  clad  in  velvet  coates  and  chaines  of  gold,  with  the  chiefe 

Gentlemen  of  the  Hundreds,  who  made  a  gallant  shew  to  entertaine  their  Sove- 

raigne.     There  also  met  his  Majestie  all  his  Officers  of  Estate,  as  Sergeants  at 

Armes  with  their  rich  maces,  the  Heraulds  with  their  coate  of  armes,  and  Trum- 

petters,  every  one  in  their  order  and  due  place;  the  Duke  of  Lennox  bearing 

the  sword  of  honour  before  his  Majestie  ;  and  so  his  Highnesse  passed  on  in  Royall 

and  Imperiall  manner.     At  this  time  that  honourable  olde  Knight  Sir  Henrie 

Leighe5  met  his  Majestie,  being  attended  by  sixtie  gallant  men,  well  mounted  on 

faire  horses,  thirtie  of  them  being  great  horses,  many  of  his  men  having  chaines 

of  gold,  the  rest  wearing  yellow  scarfes  embroidered  with  these  wordes,  Constan- 

tid  etfide.     To  this  old  Knight  his  Majestie  spake  very  lovingly,  and  so  paced 

through  his  Troupes  very  well  pleased.     The  multitudes  of  people  in  highwayes, 

fieldes,  medowes,  closes,  and  on  trees,  were  such,  that  they  covered  the  beautie  of 

the  fieldes  ;  and  so  greedy  were  they  to  behold  the  countenance  of  the  King,  that 

with  much  unrulinesse  they  injured  and  hurt  one  another,  some  even  hazarded 

to  the  daunger  of  death;  but  as  uncivil  as  they  were  among  themselves,  all  the 

1  In  the  Tottenham  Register  the  death  of  Elizabeth,  the  accession  and  death  of  James,  and  the 
accession  of  Charles  the  First,  are  recorded  with  great  minuteness,  and  it  is  stated,  that  "  the  King 
came  to  Tibbols  on  May  3,  and  on  the  "th  rid  through  the  Marshes  to  Stanford-hill." 

•  He  was  knighted  with  the  other  Aldermen  at  Whitehall,  on  July  26  following,  and  was  Lord 
Mayor  in  1612,  when  he  entertained  the  King  at  Merchant  Tailor's  Hall,  see  hereafter,  under  that  year. 

J  Sir  James  Pemberton,  who  was  knighted  also  on  the  26th  of  July,  and  was  Lord  Mayor  in  1611. 

«  Robert  Lee,  Esq.,  knighted  at  Greenwich  May  22;  he  had  been  Sheriff  in  1595. 

v  Of  whom  see  a  particular  account  in  "Queen  Elizabeth's  Progresses,"  vol.  HI.  pp.  42,  125. 

VOL.  I.  «. 


114  THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT   THE    CHARTER-HOUSE,   1603- 

way  as  his  Majestie  past  with  shoutes  and  cryes,  and  casting  up  of  hattes  (of 
which  many  never  returned  into  the  owners'  hands),  he  passed  by  them  over  the 
fields,  and  came  in  at  the  back  side  of  the  Charter-house.  Thither  being  come, 
he  was  most  Royally  received  and  entertained  by  the  Lord  Thomas  Howard,  where 
was  such  abundance  of  provision  of  all  manner  of  things,  that  greater  could  not 
be,  both  of  rare  and  wild  foules,  many  rare  and  extraordinary  bankets,  to  the 
great  liking  of  his  Majestie,  and  contentment  of  the  whole  Trayne.  He  lay  there 
three  nights,  in  which  time  the  Lords  of  Counsell  often  resorted  thither,  and  sate 
upon  their  serious  affaires.  At  his  departure,  May  11,  he  made  divers  Knights: 
Sir  Charles  Haward,  of  Sussex.  Sir  Francis  Anderson8,  of  Bedfordsh. 

Sir  Ambrose  Willoughby,  of  Lincolnsh.     Sir  John  Pounthey,  of  Notts. 
Sir  Edward  Haward,  of  Surrey.  Sir  Edward  Darcy,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  William  [Henry1]  Hastings,  of  Lei-     Sir  John  Sidenham,  of  Somersetshire. 

cestershire.  Sir  John  Tufton9,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Giles  Alington2,  of  Cambridgeshire.  Sir  Thomas  Griffin,  of  Northamptonsh. 
Sir  Richard  Verney3,  of  Warwickshire.  SirValentineKnightly 10,  of  Northampt. 
Sir  John  Thinne4,  of  Wiltshire.  Sir  Rafe  Wiseman11,  of  Essex. 

Sir  William  Fitzwilliams5,  of  Lincolnsh.  Sir  Thomas  Ayleffe,  of  Essex. 
SirWilliam  [Edward]  Carrell6,of  Essex.  Sir  James  Cromer12,  of  Kent. 
Sir  Edward  Bacon7,  of  Suffolk.  Sir  Thomas  Rowse  13,  of  Suffolk. 

1  Sir  Henry  Hastings,  of  Leicester  Abbey,  High  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1607,  who  will  be  more 
fully  noticed  hereafter. 

*  Sir  Giles  Allington  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  the  Shires  of  Cambridge  and  Huntingdon  in  1599. 
J  Sir  Richard  Verney,  of  Compton,  was  High  Sheriff  of  Warwickshire  in  1604. 

*  Sir  John  Thinne  had  been  Sheriff  of  Wiltshire  in  1593. 

I  Sir  William  Fitzwilliams  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1 580. 

6  He  was  of  a  family,  now  extinct,  seated  at  Hastings,  Sussex,  and  died  in  1609,  aged  11. 

7  Sir  Edward  Bacon,  of  Culford,  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  the  County  of  Suffolk  in  1600. 

8  Sir  Francis  Anderson,  of  Eworth,  was  High  Sheriff  of  Bedfordshire  in  1606. 

»  Sir  John  Tufton,  of  Hothfield,  Kent,  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1576,  and  being 
a  person  of  great  interest  and  abilities,  was  created  a  Baronet  with  the  first,  May  11,  1611.  He  died 
April  1,  1624.  Sir  Nicholas  Tufton,  knighted  at  Newcastle  (see  p.  71),  and  afterwards  Earl  of 
Thanet,  was  his  eldest  son. 

10  Sir  Valentine  Knightly,  of  Fawsley,  was  returned  as  Knight  of  the  Shire  of  Northampton  in 
1603  and  1614. 

"  Sir  Ralph  Wiseman  had  served  as  High  Sheriff  of  Essex  in  1590. 

II  Sir  James  Cromer,  of  Tunstal,  was  (in  16O3)  the  High  Sheriff  of  Kent,  and  died  May  27,  1613. 
15  Sir  Thomas  Rouse  had  served  as  High  Sheriff  of  Suffolk  in  1590. 


THE    KING'S   ENTERTAINMENT   AT   THE   CHARTER-HOUSE,  1630.  115 

Sir Rodney.  Sir  Henry  Cleere,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  Henry  Vaughan.  Sir  Francis  Wolly,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  John  Smyth1,  of  Kent.  Sir  Arthur  Mannering,  of  Cheshire. 

Sir  Hamman  [John    Hunnam],  Sir  Edward  Waterhouse,  of  Yorkshire. 

of  Cheshire.  Sir  William  Twisdon  5,  of  Kent 

Sir  Thomas  Meade,  of  Kent.  Sir  Hatton  Cheeke. 

Sir  Eusebius  Isham8,  of  Northampsh.  Sir  Henry  Goring6,  of  Sussex. 

Sir  John  [Arthur]  Cowper,  of  Surrey.  Sir  Robert  Townsend,  of  Shropshire. 

Sir  Robert  Winkfield,  of  Northampsh.  Sir  William  Hynde  *,  of  Cambridgesh. 

Sir  Thomas  Josling,  of  Herts.  Sir  William  [Richard]  Sandes,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Henry  Goodericke, of  York.  Sir  Robert  Cotton8,  of  Huntingdonsh. 

Sir  Maximillian  Dallison3,  of  Kent.  Sir  Oliver  Luke',  of  Bedfordshire. 

Sir  William  Cope4,  of  Northamptonsh.  Sir  Thomas  Knevet,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  George  Fleetwood,  of  Bucks.  Sir  Henry  Sackford,  of  Suffolk. 

Sir  Peter  Evers,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Edwine  Sands  lo,  of  Kent. 

1  Sir  John  Smith,  of  Ostenhanger,  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  Kent  in  1600. 

*  Sir  Eusebius  Isham,  of  Longport,  co.  Northampton,  had  passed  the  Shrievalty  in  1584. 

3  Sir  Maximilian  Dallison,  of  Hailing,  Kent,  was  High  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1612. 

4  Sir  William  Cope,  of  Hanwell,  Oxfordshire,  was  nephew  to  the  Sir  Walter,  knighted  at  Worktop, 
see  p.  88.     His  father,  Sir  Anthony,  was  created  a  Baronet  June  29,  161 1,  and  Sir  William  succeeded 
to  the  title  in  1615;  he  was  elected  Member  for  Oxfordshire  in  1614,  1620,  and  1623,  was  High 
Sheriff  in  1619,  and  died  August  2,  1627. 

*  Sir  William  Twysden,  of  Roydon  Hall,  East  Peckham,  co.  Kent,  was  a  learned  man,  and  well- 
versed  in  the  Greek  and  Hebrew  languages.     He  was  created  a  Baronet  June  29, 1611,  and  died  Jan. 
8,  1627-8,  aged  62.     Sir  William  Jervis  Twysden  is  the  present  and  seventh  Baronet. 

'  Sir  Henry  Goring  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  Surrey  and  Sussex  1600. 

7  Sir  William  Hynde  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  the  Counties  of  Cambridge  and  Huntingdon  in  16OO. 

*  Sir  Rpbert  Bruce  Cotton,  of  Connington,  co.  Hunts,  the  celebrated  Founder  of  the  Cotton  Li- 
brary, "  whose  name,"  says  Dr.  Johnson,  "  must  always  be  mentioned  with  honour,  and  whose 
memory  cannot  fail  of  exciting  the  warmest  sentiments  of  gratitude,  whilst  the  smallest  regard  for 
learning  subsists  among  us." — From  his  invaluable  Collection  of  MSS.  the  present  Publication  has 
been  considerably  enriched  by  transcripts  of  Original  Letters. 

9  Sir  Oliver  Luke,  of  Woodend,  Bedfordshire,  was  High  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1617.     He  was 
father  of  Sir  Samuel  Luke,  the  Hudibras  of  Butler.     See  Gent.  Mag.  vol  XCIII.  part  ii.  p.  28. 

10  Sir  Edwin  Sandys  was  the  second  son  of  Dr.  Edwin  Sandys,  Archbishop  of  York.     He  was 
admitted  Fellow  of  Corpus  Christi  College,  Oxford  in,  1579,  and  was  collated  to  a  Prebendal  stall  in 
York  Cathedral  in  1581.     He  afterwards  left  his  Fellowship,  and  travelled  abroad;  and  had  resigned 
his  Prebendal  Stall  before  he  was  knighted.     He  was  High  Sheriff  of  Kent  in  1616,  having  a  seat  at 
Norbourn  in  that  County.  He  was  employed  by  the  King  in  several  affairs  of  great  trust  and  moment, 
and  was  a  leading  man  in  Parliamentary  matters.  On  June  16,  1621,  he,  with  Selden,  was  committed 


116  THE   KING'S   ENTERTAINMENT   AT   THE    CHARTER-HOUSE,  l603- 

Sir  John  Absley  [Ashley],  of  Kent.  SirRichardFarmer[Fermor],Northamp, 

Sir  William  Fleetwood,  of  Bedfordsh.  Sir  William  Stafford,  of  Hunts. 

Sir'Walter  Mildmay,  of  Essex.  Sir  Thomas  Carrel,  of  Sussex. 

Sir  Edward  Lewkener1,  of  Suffolk.  Sir  Edward  Carrel,  of  Sussex. 

Sir  Miles  Sands2,  of  Cambridgeshire.  Sir  Thomas  Palmer7,  of  Kent. 

Sir  William  Kingsmill 3,  of  Hants.  Sir  John  [Robert]  Newdigate,  of  Beds. 

Sir  Thomas  Kempe4,  of  Kent.  Sir  George  Rawleigh,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Edward  Tirrel,  of  Bucks.  Sir   Thomas    Bewford  8  [Beaufoe],  of 

Sir  Thomas  Russel,  of  Worcestershire.         Warwickshire. 

Sir  Richard  Tichburn5,  of  Hants.  Sir  William  Lower9,  of  Cornwall. 

Sir  Thomas  Cornwell6,  of  Salop.  Sir  Charles  [Thomas]  Fairefaux,  York. 

into  custody  by  Order  of  the  House  for  speaking  too  freely,  and  not  liberated  till  the  18th  of  the  fol- 
lowing month.  He  was  Treasurer  to  the  Undertakers  for  Western  Plantations,  whose  interest  he 
greatly  advanced.  He  was  a  person  of  great  judgement,  a  solid  Statesman,  of  a  commanding  pen, 
and,  says  Wood,  rin  Athens,  "  ingenio  et  gravitate  inorum  insignis."  He  wrote  at  Paris  in  1599, 
"  Europse  Speculum,  or  a  View  or  Survey  of  the  State  of  Religion  in  the  Western  part  of  the  world," 
wherein  he  exposed  the  policy  of  the  Church  of  Rome.  He  died  in  1629,  and  left  rf.1500  to  the 
University  of  Oxford,  for  the  endowment  of  a  lecture  on  Metaphysics.  His  grandson  Richard  became 
a  Baronet  in  1684. 

1  Sir  Edward  Lewkenor  was  High  Sheriff  of  Suffolk  in  1617. 

*  Sir  Miles  Sandys,  third  son  of  the  Archbishop  of  York,  and  brother  of  Edwin  before- not  iced,  was 
also  a  man  of  abilities  and  learning.     He  was  seated  at  Wilberton  in  the  Isle  of  Ely,  was  created  a 
Baronet  November  25,  1612,  was  High  Sheriff  of  Cambridgeshire  and  Huntingdonshire  in  1615,  and 
elected  M.  P.  for  that  County  in  1627.     The  Baronetcy  became  extinct  with  his  son  Miles. 
3  Sir  William  Kingsmill  served  as  High  Sheriff  of  Hampshire  in  1602. 
1  Sir  Thomas  Kemp,  of  Ollantigh  in  Wye,  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  Kent  in  1597- 
*  Of  the  zeal  of  Sir  Richard  Tichborne,  and  his  father  Sir  Benjamin  in  proclaiming  the  King  at 
Winchester,  the  Sovereign's  favour  for  that  act,  and  its  reward,  see  p.  27-     This  family  will  frequently 
come  under  notice ;  the  King  visited  Tichborne  in  1615,  1618,  and  1623,  each  year  on  August  29 
(perhaps  for  some  family  reason)  ;  and  knighted  at  various  times  all  the  four  sons  of  Sir  Benjamin, 
who  was  created  a  Baronet  March  4,  1620.     Sir  Richard,  his  eldest  son,  succeeded  to  that  title  in  the 
following  year.  He  was  sent  by  Charles  the  First  as  Ambassador  to  the  Queen  of  Bohemia;  and  during 
the  Civil  Wars  he  assisted  his  Royal  Master  to  the  utmost  of  his  power;  by  his  interest  a  garrison 
commanded  by  Lord  Ogle  was  placed  in  Winchester  Castle,  which  made  a  brave  resistance,  and  sur- 
rendered not  till  the  Royal  affairs  were  totally  ruined. 

6  Sir  Thomas  Cornwall,  of  Burford,  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  Shropshire  in  1588. 

7  Sir  T.  Palmer  was  the  son  of  Sir  T.  Palmer,  of  Wingham,  Kent,  who  was  created  a  Baronet  in 
1621.     He  died  in  his  father's  life-time,  and  his  son  Thomas  became  the  second  Baronet  in  1625. 

8  Sir  Thomas  Beaufoe,  of  Guy's  Cliff,  near  Warwick,  was  High  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1605. 

9  Sir  William  Lower  had  been  Sheriff  of  Cornwall  in  1578. 


THE    KING'S    ENTERTAINMENT    AT    THE    CHARTER-HOUSE,   l603-  117 

Sir  Henry  Sidney,  of  Norfolk.  Sir  William  Dyer3,  of  Somersetshire. 

Sir  Robert  Cleveland.  Sir  Walter  Mountague,  of  Somersetsh. 

Sir  George  Harvey,  of  Essex.  Sir  Guy  Palmes4,  of  Rutlandshire. 

Sir  Henry  Grippes  [Crispe],  of  Kent.  Sir  Henry  Ashley,  of  Surrey. 

Sir    John    Himmegham    [Hevening-  Sir  Thomas  Vackathell  [Vachill]. 

ham  '],  of  Norfolk.  Sir  Thomas  Stukeley,  of  Sussex. 

SirWilliam  Bowger  [Bowyer],  of  Bucks.  Sir  Edward  Watson5,  of  Northamptons. 

SirJeremieWestam  [Weston8],  of  Essex.  Sir  Thomas  Preston,  of  Dorsetshire. 

Sir  Edmond  Bowyer,  of  Surrey.  .  •  Sir  William  Leeke. 

Sir  Nicholas  Halseworth  [Haselwood],  Sir  Thomas  [Charles]  Cornwalles,  Suffi 

of  Northamptonshire.  Sir  Edward  Francis. 

SirJohnGennings[Jennyngs],ofWorc.  Sir  Hugh  Losse,  of  Middlesex. 

Sir  Ambrose  Turwell,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  William  Lygon6,  of  Worcester. 

Sir  John  Luke,  of  Bedfordshire.  Sir  Thorn  as  L.e  Grosse,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  William  [John]  Dormer,  of  Bucks.  Sir  John  Taskerow  [Tasburgh],  of  Suff. 

Sir  Richard  Saunders,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Thomas  Fowler,  of  Middlesex. 

Sir  John  Shearley,  of  Sussex.  Sir  Eusebius  Andrew7,  of  Northampsh. 

Sir  Thomas  Wayneman,  of  Oxon.  Sir  Edward  Andrew. 

Sir  Goddard  Pempton.  Sir  Robert  Lucie,  of  Warwickshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Mettame,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  William  Walter. 

SirEdmondBellingham,of Cumberland.  Sir  John  Cults8,  of  Cambridgeshire. 

Sir  John  Harington,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Richard  Blunt »,  of  Oxon. 

Sir  Edward  Harington,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Anthonie  Deerings,  of  Kent. 

Sir  William  Dyer3,  of  Somersetshire.  Sir  John  Carew,  of  Somersetshire. 

1  Sir  John  Hevenyngham  was  High  Sheriff  of  Norfolk  in  1614. 

1  Sir  Jerome  Weston,  of  Roxwell,  co.  Essex,  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  that  Coutrty  in  1599,  anil 
was  ancestor  to  the  Westons  Earls  of  Portland,  which  title  became  extinct  in  that  family  on  the  death 
of  Thomas,  fourth  Earl,  in  1688. 

*  This  name  is  repeated  in  the  original. 

4  Sir  Guy  Palmes  was  High  Sheriff  of  Rutland  in  1607. 

1  Sir  Edward  Watson,  of  Rockingham  Castle,  Northamptonshire,  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  that 
County  in  1591.  He  was  created  a  Baronet  June  23,  1621. 

*  Sir  William  Lygon  was  High  Sheriff  of  Worcestershire  in  1592. 

7  Sir  Eueebius  Andrews  was  Sheriff  of  Northamptonshire  in  1613,  and  died  in  1619. 

*  Sir  John  Cuttg,  of  Childerley,  was  elected  M.  P.  for  Cambridgeshire  in  16O3,  and  served  as  High 
Sheriff  of  that  County  and  Huntingdon  in  1619.     He  was  ancestor  of  the  present  Lord  Cults. 

'  Sir  Richard  Blount,  of  Mapledereham,  was  High  Sheriff  of  Oxfordshire  in  1625. 


llS  THE    KING'S    ENTRY    INTO    THE    TOWER    OF    LONDON,   1603. 

Sir  Edward  Apsley,  of  Sussex.  Sir  George  Martham. 

Sir  Bartram  Boomer.  Sir  Arthur  Attie,  of  Middlesex. 

Sir  William  Alford  *,  of  Yorkshire.  SirPexalBrockhurst,  of  Hampshire. 

Sir  Robert  Lee,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  John  Washall. 

Sir  Thomas  Beaumont,  of  Leicestersh.      Sir  William  Ayloff 3,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Robert  Markham,  of  Oxon.  Sir  Thomas  Cheek,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Francis  Castilon,  of  Berkshire.  Sir  Thomas  Baker. 

Sir  George  Savil2,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Robert  Marshall. 

Upon  Wednesday  the  1 1th  of  May,  his  Majestic  set  forward  from  the  Charter- 
house4, to  the  Towre  of  London,  in  going  quietly  on  horsebacke  to  Whitehall, 
where  he  tooke  barge ;  having  shot  the  Bridge,  his  present  landing  was  expected 
at  Towre  stayres,  but  it  pleased  his  Highnesse  to  passe  the  Towre  staires  towards 
St.  Katherine's,  and  there  stayed  on  the  water  to  see  the  ordinance  on  the  White 
Towre  (commonly  called  Julius  Caesar's  Towre),  being  in  number  twenty  peeces, 
with  the  great  ordinance  on  Towre-wharfe,  being  in  number  100,  and  chalmers 
to  the  number  130,  discharged  and  shot  off.  Of  which,  all  services  were  so  suffi- 
ciently performed  by  the  gunners,  that  a  peale  of  so  good  order  was  never  heard 
before;  which  was  most  commendable  to  all  sorts,  and  very  acceptable  to  the 
King.  Then  his  Royall  Person  arrived  at  his  owne  Staires,  so  called  The  King's 
Staires,  and  with  him  these  Nobles,  besides  other  gallant  Gentlemen  of  worthy 
note,  viz.  the  Lord  Admiral,  the  Earle  of  Northumberland,  the  Lord  of  Wor- 
cester, Lord  Thomas  Howard,  &c.  At  his  comming  up  the  Staires,  the  sword 
was  presented  to  his  Majestic  by  Sir  Thomas  Conisby,  Gentleman  Usher  of  his 
Privie  Chamber,  and  by  the  King  delivered  to  the  Duke  of  Lennox,  who  bare  it 
before  him  into  the  Towre. 

Upon  the  Staires  the  Gentleman  Porter  delivered  the  keies  of  the  Towre 
to  the  Lieutenant  of  the  Towre,  and  the  Lieutenant  presented  them  accord- 

1  Sir  William  Alford,  of  Bilton,  co.  York,  was  High  Sheriff  of  that  Shire  in  1618. 

1  Sir  George  Savile,  of  Thornhill,  co.  York,  was  created  a  Baronet  June  29,  1611 ;  he  was  Higli 
Sheriff  of  Yorkshire  in  1613,  and  died  Nov.  12,  1622,  aged  71. 

3  Sir  William  Ayloffe,  of  Great  Braxted,  Essex,  was  advanced  to  a  Baronetcy  Nov.  25,  1612. 

*  The  King's  first  entry  into  the  City  was  through  Aldersgate,  on  the  North  side  of  which  were, 
in  consequence,  placed  in  a  large  square  over  the  arch,  his  figure  on  horseback  in  relief,  and  above 
him  the  arms  of  England,  Scotland,  and  Ireland  quartered  ;  and  on  the  South  side,  his  effigies  sitting 
in  a  chair  of  state,  in  his  Royal  robes. 


THE    KING'S    ENTRY    INTO   THE    TOWER    OF    LONDON,   1603  .  1  19 

jngly  to  the  King's  Majestie,  who  most  graciously  acknowledged  the  most 
faithfull  discharge  of  the  loyall  and  most  great  trust  put  in  him  ;  so  taking  him 
about  the  necke,  re-delivered  them  againe.  After  his  repose  in  the  Towre  some 
houres,  it  was  his  Majestie's  pleasure  to  see  some  Offices — as  the  Armorie, 
the  Wardrobe,  the  rich  Artillerie,  and  the  Church.  And  after,  for  recreation, 
he  walked  in  the  Garden,  and  so  rested  for  that  night. 

The  next  day,  being  Thursday,  and  the  12th  of  May,  he  saw  the  Ordinance- 
house,  and  after  that  the  Mynt-houses,  and  last  of  all  the  Lyons. 

The  next  day,  being  Fryday  the  13th  of  May,  he  made  these  Lords  and  Knights 
following :  viz.  in  his  Presence-chamber,  before  dinner : 

Sir  Robert  Cecill,  Lord  Cecill  of  Esenden. 

Sir  Robert  Sidney,  Lord  Sidney  of  Penshurst. 

Sir  Edward  Wotton,  Lord  Wotton  of  Morley  '. 

1  "We  may  presume,  that  the  English  would  have  thrown  less  blame  on  the  King's  facility  in 
bestowing  favours,  had  these  been  confined  entirely  to  their  own  Nation,  and  had  not  been  shared  out, 
in  too  unequal  proportions,  to  his  old  subjects.  James,  who,  through  his  whole  reign,  was  more 
guided  by  temper  and  inclination  than  by  the  rules  of  political  prudence,  had  brought  with  him 
great  numbers  of  his  Scottish  Courtiers  ;  whose  impatience  and  importunity  were  apt,  in  many  par- 
ticulars, to  impose  on  the  easy  nature  of  their  master,  and  extort  favours,  of  which  it  is  natural  to 
imagine,  his  English  subjects  would  loudly  complain.  The  Duke  of  Lennox,  the  Earl  of  Man, 
Lord  Hume,  Lord  Kinloss,  Sir  George  Hume,  Secretary  Elphinstone,  were  immediately  added  to  the 
English  Privy  Council.  Sir  George  Hume,  whom  he  created  Earl  of  Dunbar,  was  his  declared  favourite 
as  long  as  that  Nobleman  lived,  and  was  one  of  the  wisest  and  most  virtuous,  though  the  least 
powerful,  of  all  those  whom  the  King  ever  honoured  with  that  distinction.  Hay,  some  time  after, 
was  created  Viscount  Doncaster,  then  Earl  of  Carlisle,  and  got  an  immense  fortune  from  the  Crown, 
all  of  which  he  spent  in  a  splendid  and  courtly  manner.  Ramsay  obtained  the  title  of  Earl  of  Hol- 
derness  ;  and  many  others,  being  raised  on  a  sudden  to  the  highest  elevation,  increased,  by  their  inso- 
lence, that,  envy,  which  naturally  attended  them  as  strangers  and  ancient  enemies.  It  must,  however, 
be  owned,  in  justice  to  James,  that  he  left  almost  all  the  chief  offices  in  the  hands  of  Elizabeth's 
ministers,  and  trusted  the  conduct  of  political  concerns,  both  foreign  and  domestic,  to  his  English 
subjects.  Among  these,  Secretary  Cecil,  created  successively  Lord  Esaindon,  Viscount  Cranborne,  and 
Earl  of  Salisbury,  was  always  regarded  as  his  prime  Minister  and  chief  Counsellor.  Though  the 
capacity  and  penetration  of  this  Minister  were  sufficiently  known,  his  favour  with  the  King  created 
surprise  on  the  accession  of  that  Monarch.  The  secret  correspondence  into  which  he  had  entered 
with  James,  and  which  had  sensibly  contributed  to  the  easy  reception  of  that  Prince  in  England, 
laid  the  foundation  of  Cecil's  credit ;  and  while  all  his  former  associates.  Sir  Walter  Raleigh,  Lord 
Grey,  and  Lord  Cobham,  were  discountenanced  on  account  of  their  animosity  against  Essex,  as  well  as 
for  other  reasons,  this  Minister  was  continued  in  employment,  and  treated  with  the  greatest  confi- 
dence and  regard."  Hume's  History  of  England,  16O3. 


120  THE    KING'S    RESIDENCE    IN    THE   TOWER    OF    LONDON,  16*03. 

At  the  same  time,  William  Dethicke1,  of  Surrey,  Garter  King  at  Armes,  was 
made  Knight;  and  in  the  afternoone  were  made  ten  Knights: 

Sir  Thomas  Smith  [of  Kent],  sometime  one  of  the  Sheriffes  of  London,  and 
Prisoner  in  the  Tower  of  London  about  the  late  Earle  of  Essex  ;  but  quit  him- 
selfe  so  well  that  he  was  long  since  discharged,  and  now,  in  the  same  place,  by  the 
King  graced  with  the  order  of  Knighthood,  and  since,  by  the  said  Kinge's  appoint- 
ment, sent  Lord  Ambassadour  to  the  Emperour  of  Muscovie. 
Sir  Thomas  Hubbarde  [Hubert],  of  Sir  Edmond  Bolt  [Bell],  of  Norfolk. 

.    Norfolk.  Sir  Thomas  Parton  [Peyton],  of  Kent. 

Sir  John  Denie,  of  Essex.  Sir  David  Fowles2. 

Sir  John  Traver,  of  Flintshire.  Sir  William  Gardner,  of  Surrey. 

SirRob.Markeham[Macklarand],Oxon.     Sir  George  Merton  [Morton],  of  Dorset. 

Which  made  up  [as  was  accompted]  the  number  of  two  hundred  and  thirty 
Knights,  or  better,  made  since  theKing  entered  Barwick3. 


Thus  far  the  "  Narrative"  published  in  16*03.  The  Continuation  is  from  HOWES', 
and  other  contemporary  Authorities,  many  of  them  here  first  printed. 


'  Sir  William  Dethick  was  son  of  Sir  Gilbert  Dethick,  Garter  King  at  Arms ;  he  became  York 
Herald  in  1569;  Garter  1586;  and  died  in  1614. 

2  Sir  David  Foulis  had  been  agent  of  the  King  to  Queen  Elizabeth.     In  1605  he  accompanied  the 
King  to  Oxford,  and,  with  other  Courtiers,  the  degree  of  Master  of  Arts  was  conferred  on  him.     He 
was  created  a  Baronet  Feb.  6, 16 19-20,  and  was  Cofferer  successively  to  Prince  Henry  and  Prince  Charles. 

3  "  Besides  James's  vanity,  and  the.probable  motive  of  attaching  the  great  Commoners  to  himself  and 
his  family,  another  reason  may  be  given  for  his  being  so  lavish  of  his  honours.     In  Scotland,  where 
he  was  bred,  Nobility  was  a  thing  of  less  consequence  and  splendor  than  in  this  part  of  the  island. 
The  Peers  there  always  sat  in  the  same  assembly  with  the  Commons,  by  whom  they  might,  at  any 
.time,  be  out-voted  and  controuled;  and,  however  ancient  and  honorable  their  families  might  be,  they 
were,  in  general,  much  inferior  to  the  English  Lords  in  point  of  fortune.     In  a  political  view,  the 
King  was  right  in  multiplying  the  Peers.    The  national  wealth  was  increased,  the  Commons  were 
rather  too  great,  and  the  House  of  Peers  wanted  to  be  strengthened.    Perhaps,  in  some  instances,  his 
favours  might  have  been  bestowed  more  discreetly.     The  most  exceptionable  part  of  his  conduct  in 
this  matter,  seems  to  have  been  the  giving  away  the  titles  of  some  of  the  most  illustrious  English 
families,  who  had  the  misfortune  of  being  under  attainder."    Wilson,  p.  665. 


*121 

%*  The  following  Articles,  to  p.  #132  inclusive,  immediately  connected  with 
the  King's  First  Passage  from  the  Metropolis  of  Scotland  to  that  of  England, 
have  been  collected  since  the  preceding  pages  were  printed  : 

The  first  despatch  of  the  King  to  the  Lords  of  the  Privy  Council,  after  receiving 
their  messengers  (see  p.  37)  was  dated  at  Holirood  House,  March  27 ;  and  it 
continued  the  Council  in  "their  offices  and  charges." 

The  King's  second  Letter,  dated  the  next  day,  contained  his  re-appointment  of 
the  Officers  of  Justice,  Privy  Councillors,  and  subordinate  Ministers. 

On  the  6th  of  April,  his  Majesty  despatched  the  following1  from  Barwick: 


"  To  our  right  trusty  and  right  wel-beloved  Cousins  and  Councellors,  the 

Lords  and  others  of  our  Privie  Councell  at  London. 

"  Right  trusty  and  right  well-beloved  Cousins  and  Counsellors,  we  greet  you 
well.  This  day  is  Roger  Ashton  2  come  to  us  with  the  money  sent  by  you  ;  for 
your  diligence  wherein  used  we  give  you  our  hartie  thancks,  and  have  thought 
good  to  let  you  knowe  that  we  are  thus  farre  on  our  way,  having  made  our  entry 
into  this  towne  about  four  or  five  of  the  clocke  in  the  afternoone,  and  from  hence 
we  purpose  within  a  day  or  two  to  remove  to  Newcastle,  and  so  to  hasten  towards 
you  as  much  as  convenyently  we  may ;  and  will  be  at  Burghley,  as  you  advise, 
we  hope  in  short  tyme,  and  there  be  glad  to  see  you.  But  touching  your  opy- 
nion  that  so  farre  we  should  come  as  it  were  in  privat  manner,  and  that  thither 
you  would  send  us  such  provision  as  you  should  thinck  to  be  needfull  for  our  hon- 
nor,  we  have  thought  good  to  let  you  understand  that  we  could  be  well  contented 
so  to  do,  were  it  not  that  our  Citie  of  Yorke  lyeth  so  neere  in  our  way  as  we 
cannot  well  passe  by  it;  and,  being  a  place  of  so  much  note  in  these  parts  of  our 
Kingdome,  and  the  second  Citie  therof,  and  the  country  so  full  of  Nobillitie  and 
Gentillmeu  of  tuc  best  sort,  we  do  think  it  fitt  for  our  honnor,  and  for  the  ostentation 
of  our  subjects  in  those  quarters,  to  make  our  Entry  there  in  some  such  solempne 
maner  as  appertaynith  to  our  dignitie.  Wherfore  we  require  you,  that  all  such 
things  as  you  in  your  wisdomcs  thinck  meet  for  such  a  purpose,  and  which  you 

1  First  printed  in  Mr.  Ellis's  valuable  "  Letters  on  English  History,"  from  the  Original  preserved 
in  the  Ashmolean  Museum.  *  Of  whom  frequently  hereafter;  see  vol.  II.  p.  191. 

VOL.  i.  *a  5 


*122    ROYAL  LETTER  FROM  BERWICK  TO  THE  PRIVY  COUNCIL,  l60$. 

intended  to  have  sent  to  Burghley,  that  you  will  cause  them  to  be  sent  to  Yorke, 
so  as  they  may  be  there  before  we  make  our  Entry,  and  serve  to  do  us  honor  at  the 
same.  For  your  owne  persons  we  can  well  be  content  to  spare  your  travaile,  the 
jorny  being  so  long;  and  expect  you  at  Burghley,  except  anie  of  you  that  is  able 
to  abyde  such  travaile  shall  thincke  fitt  to  come  to  Yorke  to  us. 

"As  touching  our  guard,  because  we  are  informed  that  the  custome  of  this 
Kingdome  hath  ben,  that  they  should  attend  the  corpse  of  the  Prince  deceased 
untill  the  Funeralls,  we  can  be  well  contented  therein  to  do  that  and  all  other  hon- 
nor  that  we  may  unto  the  Queene  defunct;  and  likewise  for  the  point  of  her 
enterrement  to  be  done  before  our  coming  or  after,  we  doe  referre  it  to  your  con- 
sideration, whether  shall  be  more  honor  for  her  to  have  it  fynished  before  we 
come,  or  to  have  us  present  at  it.  For  that  we  do  so  much  respect  the  dignitie 
to  her  appertayning,  being  not  only  successor  to  her  in  the  Kingdome,  but  so 
neere  as  we  are  of  bloude,  we  will  not  stande  so  much  upon  the  ceremonies  of 
our  owne  joy,  but  that  we  woulde  have  in  that  which  concernith  her  all  that  to  be 
done,  which  may  most  testifie  the  honnor  we  doe  beare  towards  her  memory. 
Wherfore  as  we  referre  this  point  to  your  consideration,  so  do  we  desire  to  heare 
therein  your  advises  speedely,  that  we  may  frame  our  jorneys  thereafter. 

"  Further,  forasmuch  as  we  do  intend  to  bring  into  this  Realme,  as  soone  as 
possibly  we  can,  both  the  Queene  our  Wyfe  and  our  two  elder  Children,  which 
be  able  to  abyde  the  travaile ;  we  must  recommend  to  your  consideration  the 
sending  hither  of  such  Jewells  l  and  other  furnyture  which  did  appertaine  to  the 
late  Queene,  as  you  shall  thincke  to  be  meet  for  her  estate;  and  also  coaches, 
horses,  litters,  and  whatsoever  els  you  shall  thinck  meet ;  and  in  the  doing  thereof 
these  shall  be  warrant  to  you  to  commaund  those  that  have  the  keeping  of  any 
such  Jewells  or  stuffes  for  the  delyvery  therof  to  you,  or  to  such  persons  as  you 
shall  appoint  toreceave  and  convey  them  to  us.  And  forasmuch  as  for  many  ser- 
vices necessarily  to  be  attended  both  about  the  Queene's  Funeralls,  our  reception 
into  the  Cities  and  Townes  of  this  our  Realme,  and  our  Coronation,  the  use  of  a 
Lord  Chamberlain  is  very  needful!,  and  that  the  Lord  Hunsdon,  who  now  hath 
that  place,  is  not  able,  by  reason  of  his  indisposition,  to  execute  the  services  belong- 
ing to  his  charge,  we  have  thought  good  to  appoint  our  right  trustie  and  right  wel- 
heloved  the  Lord  Thomas  Howard  of  Walden  to  exercise  that  place  for  the  saide 
Lord  Hunsdon  2  ;  and  for  that  purpose  we  have  directed  our  Lettres  specially  to 

'  The  Jewels  were  neglected  to  be  sent ;  see  p.  *124. 

1  Lord  Hunsdon  did  not  long  survive  the  King's  arrival,  dying  Sept.  9,  1603  (see  p.  260). — But, 


WARRANT   FOR    RELEASE    OF   PRISONERS    AT    DURHAM,   l60J.  *193 

him '.  Gyven  under  our  signet  at  our  towne  of  Barwick,  the  6th  of  Aprill  1603, 
the  first  yeare  of  our  raigne  of  England." 

From  Newcastle,  on  the  12th  of  April,  the  King  addresssed  a  Letter  to  the 
Lords  containing  directions  for  a  Coinage8. 

The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  Warrant3  issued  by  his  Majesty  whilst  at  Dur- 
ham, for  the  release  of  the  Prisoners  there  confined4: 

"JAMES  R. 

"  Sherife,  Undersherife,  and  your  Deputies, 

"  Whereas  we  of  our  Princelie  power  and  authoritie  at  our  first  Entrie  doe 
release  all  Prisoners,  savinge  willfull  murther,  recusance,  and  debt;  we  therefor 
will  and  requier  you,  that  presentlye  you  sett  at  liberty  all  other  prisoners 
deteyned  for  crymynall  cause  ;  wherein  you  do  us  good  service,  kepyng  this  for 
your  warrant.  Durham,  April  14,  16*03. 

"  These  are  the  names  of  the  Felones  and  of  the  suspected  of  felonye, 
"Thomas  Atkinson.  Robert  Burley,  for  lacke  of  bale. 

Isabell  Lawson,  ^  Thomas  Harrison,  the  same. 

Anne  Dickson,    >  condemned.    Anthony  Drewe,  suspicion  of  Felony. 
Hughe  Simson,  J  John  Vasie,  of  Ladley,  the  same. 

Robert  Stellinge,  committed  upon  suspicion. 
Robert  Grinwell,  the  same. 
Lane.  Litle  and  Tho.  Elwood,  committed. 
Martyn  Blackett,  taken  upon  suspecte  of  steal- 
ing a  lambe. 

"These be  all  you  shall  deliver.  Your  friend,  WILL.  HUNTER 5." 

From  Topcliffe6  on  the  15th,  his  Majesty  directed  the  following  Epistle7  to 

his  Chief  Ministers,  on  the  neglect  of  the  Nobility  to  meet  him,  and  respecting 

sending  the  Jewels,  &c.  for  the  Queen : 

though  this  noble  Veteran  was  excused  from  attending  the  King  throughout  the  Progress,  he  joined 
the  Royal  Train  at  Theobalds,  and  there  introduced  to  his  Majesty  Mr.  (afterwards  Sir  John)  Daries, 
the  Poet.  See  Chalmers's  Biographical  Dictionary. 

'  He  was  formally  invested  with  the  office  at  Theobalds,  May  31 ;  see  p.  11 1  j  he  held  it  until  1G14, 
when  he  made  room  for  Somerset.  •  Printed  in  Mr.  Ellis's  Collection,  vol.  III.  p.  67. 

5  This  has  been  comnrunicated  to  me  by  the  Rev.  James  Raine  (see  p.  33)  from  Rot.  Matthew  B. 
in  Cancell.  Dunelin.  No.  38.  *  As  was  done  at  Newark  (see  p.  *125)  and  all  other  places. 

s  Captain  William  Hunter  was  the  King's  servant,  by  whom  Sir  John  Harington  sent  his  New 
Year's  Gift  to  the  King ;  see  p.  50. 

•  From  Topcliffe  the  King  wrote  to  Sir  Thomas  Parry  the  English  Ambassador  at  the  French 
Court;  see  p.  145.  '  First  printed  by  Mr.  Ellis  from  the  original  in  the  Ashinolean  Museum. 


*124          LETTER   OF   THE    KING   TO   HIS   MINISTERS   FROM   TOPCLIFFE, 

"  To  our  right  trusty  and  right  wel-beloved  Cousins  and  Councellors,  our 
Keeper  of  our  Great  Scale  of  England,  our  High  Treasurer  of  England, 
our  Admirall  of  England,  the  Master  of  our  Horse,  and  our  Principall 
Secretary  for  the  tyme  being. 
«  JA  MES  R. 

"  Right  trusty  and  right  wel-beloved  Cousins  and  Councellors,  we  greet  you 
well.     Your  Lettre  of  the  thirteenth  we  receaved  this  afternoone  about  fowre  of 
the  clock,  being  newly  arryved  here  at  the  house  of  Mr.  William  Engleby  in  our 
way  to  York,  where  we  purpose  to  be  to-  morow  at  night,  the  l6th  of  this  moneth. 
For  answere  to  the  contents  of  your  Lettre  we  would  have  you  remember,  that 
you  may  perceave  by  our  former  Lettres  that  we  never  urged  your  personall 
repaire  to  us  farther  or  sooner  then  our  affaires  there  would  permitt  you ;  but 
when  we  had  increased  the  nomber  of  you   (whereof  since  yourselves  for  some 
causes  have  suspended  th'  execution)  we  did  think  that  some  of  the  yongest  of 
you  might  have  come  toward  us.    But  that  being  now  altered,  we  desire  that  you 
do  not  remove  from  the  charge  you  have  in  hand,  where  we  knowe  you  sustaine 
double  paine,  out  of  the  travaile  in  our  affaires,  and  other  for  want  of  our  pre- 
sence, which  wee  hope  shall  not  be  now  long  from  you,  for  that  we  purpose  not 
to  stay  any  where  above  one  day  untill  we  come  to  Theobalds,  where  we  hope  to 
be  the  28th  or  29th  of  this  moneth  at  the  farthest.     Touching  the  Jewells  to  be 
sent  for  our  Wyfe,  our  meaning  is  not  to  have  any  of  the  principall  Jewells  of 
State  to  be  sent  so  soone  nor  so  farre  of,  but  only  such  as,  by  the  opynion  of  the 
Ladyes  attendant  about  the  late  Queene  our  Syster,  you  shall  fynde  to  be  meet 
for  the  ordynarie  apparelling  and  ornament  of  her;  the  rest  may  come  after 
when  shee  shall  be  neerer  hand.    But  we  have  thought  good  to  put  you  in  mynde 
that  it  shall  be  convenyent  that  besydes  Jewells  you  send  some  of  the  Ladyes  of 
all  degrees  who  were  about  the  Queene,  as  soone  as  the  Funeralles  be  past,   or 
some  others  whome  you  shall  thinck  meetest,  and  most  willing  and  able  to  abyde 
travaile,  to  meet  her  as  farre  as  they  can  at  her  entry  into  the  Realme,  or  soone 
after;  for  that  we  hold  needfull  for  her  honor;  and  that  they  do  speedily  enter 
into  their  jorney,  for  that  we  would  have  her  here  with  the  soonest.     And  as  for 
horses,  lytters,  coaches,  sadlcs,  and  other  things  of  that  nature,  wherof  we  have 
heretofore  written  for  her  use,  and  sent  to  you  our  Cousin  of  Worcester,  we  have 
thought  good  to  let  you  knowe,  that  the  proportion  mentioned  in  your  perticuler 
Lettre  to  us  shall  suffice  in  our  opynion  for  her.     And  so  you  may  take  order  for 
the  sending  of  them  away  with  the  Ladyes  that  are  to  come,  or  before,  as  you 


WARRANT   FOR    RELEASE   OF   PRISONERS    AT  NEWARK,  IrjOg.  *125 

shall  thinck  meetest.     Gyven  under  our  signett  at  Topcliff,  the  15th  day  of 
Aprill,  in  the  first  yeare  of  our  reigne  of  England." 

The  Warrant  for  releasing  the  Prisoners  at  Newark,  as  mentioned  in  p.  89, 
was  in  the  following  terms: 
"JAMES  KINGE, 

"  Sheriffe,  Undersheriflfe  of  Nottinghamshier,  Alderman  of  our  Towne  of 
Newark,  and  your  Deputies,  we  greete  you  hartylie  well.  Whereas  we  of  our 
Princely  power  and  authentic  doe  release  and  pardon  all  prisoners,  savinge  wilfull 
murder,  debt,  and  recusance ;  we  therefore  will  and  requier  you  to  let  at  liberty 
all  prisoners  deteyned  within  your  jurisdiccion,  savinge  William  Woodroffe,  Vin- 
cent Brambley,  and  John  Wetherhead,  whom  you  shall  deteyne  in  close  prison. 
It  is  our  will  also,  that  fower  honest  men,  of  good  conscience  and  judgment,  be 
chosen  as  our  Commissioners,  whoe  shall  conforme  to  the  dett  and  abilitie  of  the 
dettors,  give  them  dayes  of  payment  without  takinge  any  forfeitures  of  their 
handes,  and  to  take  such  securitte  as  the  said  dettors  can  give ;  and  as  we  pardon 
the  felonie,  the  fees  to  be  likewise  pardoned,  that  in  defect  thereof  they  be 
not  deteyned  longer  Prisoners  ;  and  theis  out  of  our  Princely  and  Christian  com- 
misseracion  we  graunt  this  pardon,  willinge  you  as  our  officers  to  effect  the  same, 
wherein  you  doe  us  good  service,  keepinge  this  Warrant  one  of  you  for  the  reste 
whoe  shall  exacte  the  same.  Newarke,  the  22d  day  of  April  160$. 

"The  Names  of  the  Commissioners:  Ric.  Hurte,  Mayor;  Archer  Jackson, 
Humfrie  Bouer,  Aldermen  of  Nottingham  ;  Oliver  Widdrington,  Preacher  there*. 

"  I  request  and  requier  you  in  his  Majestie's  name,  to  use  noe  delay  in  the 
rcleasinge  of  the  sayd  dettors  in  forme  aforesaid,  WILL.  HUNTER." 

Among  the  first  who  addressed  the  new  Sovereign,  was  Lord  Hunsdon3,  on 
behalf  of,  the  Band  of  Gentlemen  Pensioners,  of  which  he  was  Captain : 

"  Most  mighty  and  most  gracious  Liege  and  Sovereign,  among  many  other 
honours  and  duties  which  I  do  owe  unto  the  memory  of  my  late  deceased  Sove- 
reign, this  is  not  the  least,  that  it  pleased  her  Majesty  upon  the  decease  of  my 
Lord  and  Father,  and  who  also  enjoyed  the  same  honourable  office,  to  grace  me 
with  the  Captainship  of  her  Band  of  Gentlemen  Pensioners,  which  place  and 
dignity  I  have  to  this  present  enjoyed ;  for  the  further  continuance  whereof  I 

1  I  have  been  favoured  with  this  from  the  Coucher  of  the  Corporation  of  Newark,  by  William 
Edward  Tallents,  Esq.  the  Town  Clerk  (see  vol.  II.  p.  459). 

*  The  townsmen  of  Newark  itself  were  not  apparently  trusted.  '  See  p.  *122. 

a  7 


*126      LORD  HUNSDON  TO  THE  KING  RESPECTING  GENTLEMEN  PENSIONERS,  1603. 

humbly  desire  to  understand  your  Majesty's  direction,  and  withal!  do  think  it  a 
matter  agreeable  to  my  duty  and  allegiance  plainly  and  truly  to  inform  your  Ma- 
jesty of  the  institution,  nature,  quality,  and  service  of  this  honourable  Band. 
They  are  in  all  Fifty  Gentlemen,  besides  myself,  the  Lieutenant,  Standard-bearer, 
Clerk  of  the  Cheque,  and  Gentleman  Harbinger,  chosen  out  of  the  best  and 
antientest  families  in  England,  and  some  of  them  sons  to  Earls,  Barons,  Knights, 
and  Esquires,  men  thereunto  specially  recommended  for  their  worthyness  and 
sufficiency,  without  any  stain  or  taint  of  dishonour,  or  disparagement  in  blood. 
Her  Majesty,  and  other  Princes  her  predecessors,  have  found  great  use  of  their 
service,  as  well  in  the  guard  and  defence  of  their  Royal  persons,  as  also  in  sundry 
other  employments,  as  well  Civil  as  Military,  at  home  and  abroad  ;  insomuch  as  it 
hath  served  them  always  as  a  nursery  to  breed  up  Deputies  of  Ireland,  Ambassa- 
dors into  foreign  parts,  Counsellors  of  State,  Captains  of  the  Guard,  Governors 
of  places,  and  Commanders  in  the  wars,  both  by  land  and  sea.  Withall  I  cannot 
omit  to  signify  to  your  Majesty  their  alacrity  and  affection  wherewith,  upon  the 
decease  of  her  Highness,  they  did  embrace  your  Majesty's  title  and  cause ;  inso- 
much that,  upon  my  motion,  they  did  most  willingly  offer  themselves  to  a  strong 
and  settled  combination,  by  a  solemn  oath  and  vow,  to  defend  and  prosecute 
your  Majesty's  lawful  right  and  title  by  themselves,  their  friends,  allies,  and  fol- 
lowers (being  no  contemptible  portion  of  this  Kingdom),  to  the  last  drop  of  their 
blood  against  all  impugners  whatsoever;  with  which  humble  and  dutiful!  desires 
of  theirs  to  serve  your  Majesty,  I  thought  it  my  part  and  duty  to  acquaint  you, 
and  withall  humbly  desire  to  know  your  Majesty's  pleasure  and  resolution  as  con- 
cerning them.  I  have  caused  them  to  remain  all  about  the  Court  with  their 
horses,  armour,  and  men,  to  attend  the  body  of  our  late  Royal  Mistress,  and 
being  generally  all  desirous  to  wait  upon  your  Majesty  at  your  Entry  into  this 
Kingdom,  as  loth  to  be  second  to  any  in  all  obsequious  and  serviceable  duties  to 
your  Majesty,  wherein  I  humbly  desire  your  Majesty's  further  direction,  and  ever 
desire  Almighty  God,  &c.  *" 

1  "We  here  find,"  says  Mr.  Pegge  (from  whose  "  Curialia,"  part  II.  p.  56,  this  Letter  is  trans- 
cribed), "  a  description  of  the  Band  as  it  stood  at  this  period,  whence  we  may  discern  that  its  pri- 
mary intention  was  then  adhered  to  in  discipline,  dignity,  and  in  the  quality  of  the  Gentlemen  them- 
selves, as  well  as  that  its  original  appearance  in  accoutrements,  and  other  military  appendages,  was 
likewise  preserved. — The  Band  lost  much  of  its  dignity  early  in  the  reign  of  King  James." — Sir 
John  Holies,  afterwards  Earl  of  Clare,  (of  whom  see  vol.  II.  p.  374)  is  reported  to  have  said  with 
regret  "  that,  when  he  was  a  Pensioner  to  the  Queen,  he  did  not  know  a  worse  man  of  the  whole 
Band  than  himself}"  and  all  the  world  knew  he  had  then  an  inheritance  of  «£.4000  a  year. 


THE    POOR    MAN'S    PETITION   TO   THE    KING    AT   THEOBALDS,  l60$. 

In  Savile's  Account  of  the  King's  Entertainment  at  Theobalds  (p.  137),  it  is 
mentioned,  that  on  the  King's  arrival  there,  "  a  Petition  was  delivered  him  by  a 
yong  Gentleman."  The  following  singular  production,  whether  the  same  I  can- 
not determine,  I  have  obtained  from  a  MS.  in  the  Cathedral  Library  at  Exeter. 

"  The  Poore  Man's  Petition  to  the  Kinge  at  Theobalds,  the  IJth  of  Aprill  16*03 '. 

"  Good  King,  let  there  be  an  uniformitie  in  true  religion,  without  any  disturb- 
ance of  Papist  or  Puritan. 

Good  King,  let  good  Preachers  be  well  provided  for,  and  without  any  briberie 
come  to  their  Livings. 

Good  King,  let  poore  Souldiers  be  paid  ther  wages  whilest  they  be  well  em- 
ploied,  and  well  provided  for  when  they  are  maymed. 

Good  King,  let  their  not  be  such  delaie  and  craftie  proceedings  in  the  Lawe,  and 
let  Lawiers  have  moderate  fees.  A  poxe  take  the  the  proude  covetous  Attornie 
and  merciles  Lawyer ! 

Good  King,  let  noe  man  have  more  Offices  than  one;  especially  in  the  case  or 
touching  the  Lawe. 

Good  King,  let  poore  Suitors  be  hard  [heard]  quietlie,  and  with  speede  dis- 
patched favourably. 

Good  King,  let  ordinarie  Causes  be  determined  in  the  ordinarie  Courts,  and  let 
not  the  Chauncerie  be  made  a  common  shifting  place  to  prolonge  Causes  for  pri- 
vate gaine. 

Good  King,  cut  off  those  paltry  Licences  and  all  Monopolies.  Fye  upon  all 
close  byting  Knaverie ! 

Good  King,  suffer  noe  Great  Ordinance  to  be  carried  out  of  the  Realme  to  the 
enemies,  as  it  hath  been.  A  plague  upon  all  covetous  griping  Treasurers! 

Good  King,  looke  to  thy  Takers  and  Officers  of  thy  House,  and  to  their  exceed- 
ing fees,  that  peele  and  powle  thy  Princely  allowance. 

Good  King,  let  us  not  be  oppressed  with  so  manic  impositions,  powlings,  and 
paiements. 

Good  King,  make  not  Lord  of  good  Lincolne  Duke  of  Shorditch,  for  he  is  a,  &c. 

Good  King,  make  not  Sir  Walter  Rawleigh  Earl  of  Pancradge,  for  he  is  a,  &c. 

Good  King,  love  us  and  we  will  love  thee,  and  we  will  spend  our  harts'  blood 
for  thee." 

1  Tins  is  probably  the  date  of  its  composition,  not  its  delivery.  On  the  l"th  of  April  the  King 
was  no  further  than  York,  and  did  not  arrive  at  Theobalds  until  May  3. 

a8 


*128 

A  SPEACH 

DELIVERED  TO 

THE  KING'S  MOST  EXCELLENT  MAJESTIE, 

IN  THE  NAME  OF  THE  SHERIFFES  OF  LONDON  AND  MIDDLESEX '. 


By  Maister  RICHARD  MARTIN,  of  the  Middle  Temple2. 


The  common  feares  and  difficulties,  which  perplex  most  confident  Orators 
speaking  before  Princes,  would  more  confound  any  distrustful  spirit  speaking  to 
your  high  Majestic,  most  mighty  King  and  our  dreade  Soveraigne  Lord,  did  I 
not  know  that  the  message  which  I  bring,  is  to  a  good  King  always  gratefull. 
Curiosity  of  wit  and  affected  straines  of  oratory,  I  leave  to  those  who  more  delight 
to  tickle  the  Prince's  eare  than  satisfie  his  deeper  judgement. 

To  me,  most  gracious  Soveraigne,  your  Majestie's  meanest  subject,  vouchsafe 
your  milde  and  princely  attention,  whiles  in  the  names  of  these  grave  Majes- 
trates,  your  Majestie's  faithful  Sheriffes  of  London  and  Middlesex,  I  offer  to  your 

1  "  At  London:  Imprinted  for  Thomas  Thorppe,  and  are  to  be  sould  by  William  Aspley,  1603." — 
There  is  a  MS.  copy  of  this  "  Speech"  in  the  Cathedral  Library  at  Exeter ;  and  another  among  the 
Harleian  MSS.  in  the  British  Museum,  No.  4106.  A  printed  copy  is  in  the  Middle  Temple  Library, 
from  which  it  is  now  reprinted. — The  manner  of  its  delivery  is  described  in  pp.  113  and  139.  N. 

a  Richard  Martin  was  born  in  1570  at  Otterton  in  Devonshire,  and  studied  at  Broadgate's  Hall 
(now  Pembroke  College),  Oxford,  where,  says  Wood,  "  by  natural  parts  and  some  industry  he  proved 
in  a  short  time  a  noted  Disputant."  He  left  the  University,  however,  without  a  degree,  and  went  to 
the  Inner  Temple,  where  he  became  an  Inner  Barrister.  He  was  elected  a  Burgess  in  Parliament  in 
1601,  and  his  Speeches  there  delivered  were  the  admiration  of  all,  and  were  published.  From  the 
King's  first  knowledge  of  him  on  the  present  occasion  till  his  death,  James  ever  entertained  the 
greatest  esteem  for  him,  being  highly  delighted  with  his  facetiousness,  as  is  exemplified  in  vol.  II. 
p.  589.  In  1615  Mr.  Martin  was  Lent  Reader  of  the  Inner  Temple,  and  in  Sept.  1618,  on  the 
death  of  Sir  Anthony  Benn,  the  King  recommended  him  to  the  City  of  London  for  their  Recorder. 
He  died  in  little  more  than  a  month  after  his  election,  Oct.  31, 1618,  and  has  a  monument  with  his 
effigies  kneeling  in  his  gown  in  the  Temple  Church.  His  eloquence,  wit,  and  graces  of  conversation 
were  as  highly  esteemed  by  all  his  contemporaries  as  by  his  Majesty ;  and  no  person,  says  Wood, 
"  was  more  admired  by  Selden,  Serjeant  Hoskins,  Ben  Jonson,  &c.  than  he ;"  the  latter  dedicated  his 
Poetaster  to  him. — See  further  in  Wood's  Athense  (by  Bliss),  vol.  II.  col.  250.  N. 


MARTIN'S  SPEECH  TO  THE  KING  AT  STAMFORD  HILL,  1603.          *12<) 

benigne  Grace  that  loyall  and  hearty  welcome,  which  from  that  honorable  and 
antient  Citie,  and  the  Heart  of  thi.s  Kingdome,  is  brought  by  them,  whose  deepe 
and  inward  griefe,  conceaved  for  the  losse  of  our  peerless  and  renowned  Queene 
Elizabeth,  is  turned  into  excessive  joy  for  the  approach  of  your  excellent  Ma- 
jestic, by  whom  the  long  and  blessed  peace  of  five  and  forty  yeeres  is  made  per- 
petuall.  Great  is  the  acknowledgement  we  owe  to  the  memory  of  our  late 
Prince's  government,  whose  far  spread  fame,  as  it  shall  live  recommended  to  pos- 
terity for  ever,  so  of  her  flourishing  raigne  no  other  testimony  neede  be  required 
then  that  of  your  high  Majestic  (since  none  can  be  more  honorable),  that  the 
like  hath  not  beene  read  or  heard  of  in  our  dayes,  or  since  the  raigne  of  great 
Augustus;  so  that  even  glorious  and  victorious  Kings  have  just  cause  to  envy 
the  glory  and  virtue  of  a  Woman.  But  she  is  gathered  in  peace  to  her  Fathers,  a 
memorable  instance  of  your  Majestie's  divine  observation,  that  Princes  differ 
not  in  stuffe,  but  in  use,  from  common  men. 

Out  of  the  ashes  of  this  Phoenix  wert  thou,  King  James,  borne  for  our  good, 
the  bright  starre  of  the  North,  to  which  all  true  adamantine  harts  had  long 
before  turned  themselves ;  whose  fame,  like  a  new  Sunne  rysing,  dispersed 
those  cloudes  of  fcare,  which  either  our  politicke  friendes,  or  open  enemies,  or 
the  unnatural  factors  for  the  fift  Monarchy,  had  given  us  some  cause  to  appre- 
hend ;  yea,  our  Nobility,  Councellors,  and  Commons,  (whose  wisdome  and  fide- 
lity is  therefore  renowned  as  farre  as  this  Hand  is  spoken  of,)  with  a  general!  zeale 
poasted  to  your  Majestie's  subjection ;  not  more  incited  heereunto  by  the  right  of 
your  Majestie's  discent  and  Royall  blood,  drawen  to  this  fairc  inheritaunce  from 
the  loynes  of  our  ancient  Kings,  then  enflamed  with  the  fame  of  your  Princely 
and  eminent  virtues,  wherewith  (as  a  rich  cabinet  with  precious  jewels)  your 
Kingely  minde  is  furnished,  if  constant  fame  have  delivered  us  a  true  inventory 
of  your  rare  qualities.  A  King  whose  youth  needes  no  excuse,  and  whose  affec- 
tions are  subdued  to  his  reasons ;  a  King  which  not  onely  does  justice,  which 
even  Tyrants  doe  sometimes,  but  loves  justice,  which  habit  none  but  vertuous 
Princes  can  put  on  ;  who  (imitating  the  bounty  of  the  KING  of  Kings)  invites  all 
distressed  people  to  come  unto  him,  not  permitting  Gehae/ie  to  take  talents  of 
silver  nor  change  of  garments. 

In  some  Princes,  my  Soveraigne  Lorde,  it  is  enough  that  they  be  not  evill,  but 
from  your  Majesty  we  looke  for  an  admirable  goodnesse  and  particular  redresse, 

VOL.  i.  *a  9 


*130          MARTIN'S  SPEECH  TO  THE  KING  AT  STAMFORD  HILL,  1603. 

so  strange  an  expectation   (forerunning  your  Majestie's  comming)  hath  invested 
the  mindes  of  good  men  with  comfort,  of  bad  with  feare. 

And  see  how  bounteous  Heaven  hath  assigned  Kingdomes  as  proper  subjects 
for  your  Majestie's  foure  Kingly  vertues.  Scotland  hath  tried  your  prudence, 
in  reducing  those  things  to  order  in  Church  and  Commonwealth  which  the 
tumultuous  times  of  your  Majestie's  infancy  had  there  put  out  of  square.  Ire- 
land shall  require  your  justice,  which  the  miseries  (I  dare  not  say  the  pollicies)  of 
Civil  Wars  have  there  defaced.  France  shall  prove  your  fortitude  when  neces- 
sary reason  of  state  shall  bend  your  Majestie's  Counsells  to  that  enterprize.  But 
let  England  be  the  schoole,  wherein  your  Majestic  will  practise  your  temperance 
and  moderation ;  for  there  flattery  will  essay  to  undermine  or  force  your  Ma- 
jestie's strongest  constancie  and  integrity;  base  assentation,  the  bane  of  virtuous 
Princes,  which  (like  Lazarus'  dogs)  licks  even  Princes'  scares,  a  vice  made  so 
familiar  to  this  age  by  long  use,  that  even  pulpits  '  are  not  free  from  that  kinde 
of  treason, — a  treason,  I  may  justly  call  it,  most  capitall,  to  poyson  the  Fountaine 
of  Wisdom  and  Justice,  whereat  so  many  Kingdomes  must  be  refreshed. 

Nor  can  I  be  justly  blamed  to  lay  open  to  a  most  skillfull  and  faithful  Physi- 
tion  our  true  griefes;  nay,  it  shall  bee  the  comfort  of  mine  age  to  have  spoken 
the  truth  to  my  Lord  the  King,  and,  with  a  heart  as  true  to  your  Majestic  as  your 
owne,  to  make  knowne  to  an  uncorrupted  King  the  hopes  and  desires  of  his  best 
subjects,  who  (as  if  your  Majesty  were  sent  down  from  Heaven  to  reduce  the 
Golden  Age)  have  now  assured  themselves,  that  this  Hand,  (by  strange  working 
and  revolution  now  united  to  your  Majestie's  obedience,)  shall  never  feare  the 
mischiefes  and  misgovernments  which  other  countries  and  other  times  have  felt. 
Oppression  shall  not  be  here  the  badge  of  authoritie,  nor  insolence  the  marke  of 
greatnesse.  The  people  shall  every  one  sit  under  his  own  olive  tree,  and  anoynt 
himselfe  with  the  fat  thereof,  his  face  not  grinded  with  extorted  sutes,  nor  his 
marrow  suckt  with  most  odious  and  unjust  monopolies.  Unconscionable  law- 
yers and  greedie  officers  shall  no  longer  spinne  out  the  poor  man's  cause  in  length 
to  his  undoing  and  the  delay  of  justice.  No  more  shall  bribes  blinde  the  eyes  of 
the  wise,  nor  gold  be  reputed  the  common  measure  of  men's  worthinesses  adul- 
terate gold,  which  can  guild  a  rotten  post,  make  Balam  a  Byshoppe,  and  Isachar 
as  worthy  of  a  judiciall  chaire  as  Solomon,  where  he  may  wickedly  sell  that jus- 

1  The  pulpits  of  James's  Chaplains  were  by  no  means  free  of  it,  particularly  that  of  his  favourite 
preacher,  Bishop  Andrews ;  see  vol.  II.  p.  408.     N. 


MARTIN'S  SPEECH  TO  THE  KING  AT  STAMFORD  HILL,  1603.          *J3l 

tice  which  he  corruptly  bought !  The  money  changers  and  sellers  of  doves,  I 
mean  those  which  trafique  the  livings  of  simple  and  religious  pastors,  shall  your 
Majesty  whip  out  of  the  Temple  and  Commonwealth  ;  for  no  more  shall  Church 
livings  be  pared  to  the  quicke,  forcing  ambitious  Churchmen  (partakers  of  this 
sacrilege)  to  enter  in  at  the  window  by  simonie  and  corruption,  which  they  must 
afterwards  repaire  with  usurie,  and  make  up  with  pluralities. 

The  ports  and  havens  of  these  Kingdomes,  which  have  long  been  barred,  shall 
now  open  the  mouthes  of  their  rivers,  and  the  armes  of  their  seas,  to  the  gentle 
amity  and  just  trafficke  of  all  nations,  washing  away  our  reproach  of  universal 
pirates  and  sea-wolves,  and  deryving  (by  the  exchange  of  home  bred  commo- 
dities with  forraigne)  into  the  vaines  of  this  land  that  wholesome  blood  and  well- 
gotte  treasure,  which  shall  strengthen  the  sinews  of  your  Majestie's  Kingdomes. 
The  neglected  and  almost  worn  out  Nobility  shall  now  as  bright  diamonds  and 
burning  carbunckles  adorne  your  Kingly  diadem.  The  too-much-contemned 
Clergy  shall  hang  as  a  precious  ear-ring  at  your  Princely  eare,  your  Majesty  still 
listening  to  their  holy  Councils.  The  wearied  Commons  shall  be  worne  as  a  rich 
ring  on  your  Royal  finger,  which  your  Majesty  with  a  watchful  eye  will  still  gra- 
ciously looke  upon.  For  we  have  now  a  King  that  will  heare  with  his  owne  eares, 
see  with  his  own  eyes,  and  be  ever  jealous  of  any  great  trust,  which  (being  after- 
wards become  necessary)  may  be  abused  to  an  unlymited  power. 

O  my  gracious  Leige,  let  never  any  wrye  Councils  dyvert  or  puddle  the  faire 
streame  of  your  naturall  goodnesse.  Let  wicked  usurpers  seeke  lewd  arts  to 
mayntaine  their  lewd  purchases  ;  to  your  Majesty  (called  to  this  Empire  by  the 
consent  of  God  and  men,  and  now  King  of  so  many  faithful  harts)  plaine  and 
dyrect  virtue  is  the  safest  policy,  and  love  to  them  who  have  shewne  such  loyalty 
to  you  is  a  wall  of  brasse.  They  meane  to  sell  the  King  to  his  subjects  at  their 
owne  price,  and  abuse  the  authority  of  his  Majesty  to  their  private  gayne  and 
greatnes,  who  perswade  him,  that  to  shut  himselfe  up  from  the  accesse  of  his 
people  is  the  meanes  to  augment  his  State. 

Let  me  not  seeme  tedious  to  your  Majesty,  my  gracious  Soveraigne,  nor  yet 
presumptuous,  for  I  counsell  not.  But  whiles  your  Majesty  hath  bin  perchance 
wearied  with  the  complaints  and  insinuations  of  perticulers  for  private  reasons ; 
let  it  be  lawful),  my  Liege,  for  a  hart  free  from  fcare  or  hope  to  shew  your  Ma- 
jesty the  agues  which  keepe  low  this  great  body,  whereof  your  Majesty  is  the 
sound  head. 


MARTIN'S  SPEECH  TO  THE  KING  AT  STAMFORD  HILL,  1603. 

Nor  are  we  fed  with  hopes  of  redresse  by  imagination  (as  hungry  men  with  a 
painted  banquet),  but  by  assurance  of  certaine  knowledge  drawne  out  of  the 
observation  of  your  Majestie's  forepast  actions,  and  some  bookes  now  fresh  in 
every  man's  hands,  being  (to  use  your  Majestie's  owne  wordes)  the  five  ideas  or 
representations  of  the  minde ;  those  excellent  wholesome  rules  your  Majesty  will 
never  transgresse,  having  bound  your  Princely  Sonne  by  such  heavy  penalties  to 
observe  them  after  you,  nor  dooth  any  wise  man  wish,  or  good  man  desire,  that 
your  Majesty  should  follow  other  counselles  or  examples  than  your  owne,  by 
which  your  Majesty  is  soe  neerely  bound  '. 

To  conclude,  therefore, — what  great  cause  have  we  to  welcome  to  the  terri- 
tories of  our  Citie  your  most  excellent  Majestic,  who  (to  make  us  the  glorious 
and  happie  head  of  this  Hand)  have,  by  your  fyrst  entrance,  brought  us  the  addi- 
tion of  another  Kingdome  which  warre  could  never  subdue.  So  your  Majestie's 
upright  Government  shall  make  us  partakers  of  that  felicitie,  which  divine  Plato 
did  only  apprehend  but  never  see, — whose  King  is  a  Philosopher,  a  Philosopher 
being  our  King.  Receive  then,  most  gracious  Soveraigne,  that  loyal  wellcome 
which  our  Cittie  sendeth  out  to  meet  your  Majestic ;  our  Citie,  which  for  the 
long  tryall  of  her  loyaltie,  obedience,  and  faithfull  readinesse  in  all  occasions, 
your  Majestie's  Royall  Progenitors  have  honoured  with  the  title  of  their  Cham- 
ber; whose  faithful  Citizens,  with  true  and  well-approved  harts,  humbly  lay  at 
your  Royal  feete  their  goods  and  lives,  which  they  will  sacrifice  for  your  Ma- 
jestie's service  and  defence,  with  longing  eyes  desiring  to  receive  your  Majestie 
within  their  walles,  whom  they  have  long  since  lodged  in  their  harts ;  praying  to 
Heaven  that  your  Majestie's  person  may  be  free  from  practize,  your  soul  safe 
from  flatterie,  your  life  extended  to  the  possibilitie  of  nature ;  and  that,  if  not 
your  naturall  life,  yet  your  Royal  line  may  have  one  period  with  the  world,  your 
Princely  offspring  sitting  upon  the  throne  of  their  fathers  for  evermore.  And  we, 
your  Majestie's  faithfull  servants,  humbly  surrendering  into  your  Majestie's  hands 
that  authority  which  we  holde  from  you,  wishing  from  our  harts  that  all  plagues 
may  pursue  his  posterity  that  but  conspires  your  Majestie's  danger. 

|  Mr.  Martin  more  than  once  in  this  Speech  alludes  to  the  King's  "  Basilicon  Doron,"  of  which 
one  or  two  editions  were  published  in  England  on  his  Accession  to  the  Crown ; — see  p.  148.    N. 


A  Panegyric  Congratulatory,  delivered  to  the  King's  Most  Excellent  Majesty, 
at  Burley-Harington  in  Rutlandshire1.     By  SAMUEL  DANIEL*. 

Lo,  here  the  glory  of  a  greater  day 

Than  England  ever  heretofore  could  see 
In  all  her  days  !  when  she  did  most  display 

The  ensigns  of  her  povv'r ;  or  when  as  she 
Did  spread  herself  the  most,  and  most  did  sway 

Her  state  abroad  ;  yet  could  she  never  be 
Thus  bless'd  at  home,  nor  e'er  to  come  to  grow 
To  be  entire  in  her  full  orb  till  now. 

And  now  she  is,  and  now  in  peace;  therefore 
Shake  hands  with  Union,  O  thou  mighty  State ! 

Now  thou  art  all  Great  Britain  and  no  more ; 
No  Scot,  no  English  now,  nor  no  debate : 

No  borders,  but  the  Ocean  and  the  Shore ; 
No  Wall  of  Adrian  serves  to  separate 

Our  mutual  love,  nor  our  obedience ; 

Being  subjects  all  to  one  Imperial  Prince. 

What  heretofore  could  never  yet  be  wrought 
By  all  the  swords  of  power,  by  blood,  by  fire, 

By  ruin  and  destruction :  here 's  brought  to  pass 
With  peace,  with  love,  with  joy,  desire : 

Our  former  blessed  union  hath  begot 
A  greater  union  that  is  more  entire, 

And  makes  us  more  ourselves ;  sets  us  at  one 

With  Nature,  that  ordain'd  us  to  be  one.  - 

Glory  of  men !  this  hast  thou  brought  to  us, 
And  yet  hast  brought  us  more  than  this  by  far : 

Religion  comes  with  thee,  Peace,  Righteousness, 
Judgement,  and  Justice  ;  which  more  glorious  are 

1  Burley-Harington,  commonly  called  Burley-on-the-Hill,  or  Burley-by-Oakham,  seated  on  a  hill, 
which  rises  abruptly  from  the  Vale  of  Catmore,  and  commands  an  extensive  prospect. — The  village 
is  small,  and  contains  a  few  very  genteel  mansions  and  some  neat  cottages,  which  seem  to  owe 
their  comfort  and  convenience  to  their  vicinity  to  this  noble  mansion,  which  is  the  pride  of  its  lit- 
tle County.  It  is  needless  to  pursue  its  descent  through  a  long  line  of  the  families  of  Plessington, 
Franceis,  Sapcote,  Durant,  Wake,  and  Brookcsby ;  from  which  last  three,  then  joint  heirs,  it  wa> 
sold  into  the  Harington  family  in  the  Reign  of  Elizabeth ;  and  it  remained  with  them  till  it  was 
purchased  from  the  Heir-general  by  Sir  George  Villicrs,  who  in  1621,  being  then  Marquis  of  Buck- 
ingham, had  the  honour  of  entertaining  his  Royal  Master  at  Burley.  So  strong  was  this  place,  both 
in  its  mode  of  building,  and  from  its  situation,  that  in  the  Civil  Wars  the  Parliamentarian  army,  which 
was  then  most  powerful  here,  placed  a  small  garrison  in  it  for  the  pur|>ose  of  guarding  their  County 
Committee,  and  also  of  harrassing  the  country  ;  but,  fearing  an  attack  from  the  Royalist  party,  and 
feeling  themselves  too  weak  to  occupy,  with  any  chance  of  success,  such  an  extensive  line  of  defence, 
the  garrison  set  fire  to  the  house  and  furniture,  and  then  left  it.  "  Yet  the  stables,"  says  Wright, 
"  scaped  the  ettect  of  their  malice,  which  remain  to  this  day,  the  noblest  (or  at  least  equal  to  any) 
building  of  this  kind  in  England." — After  the  Restoration,  this  edifice  lay  in  ruins  for  many  years ; 
for,  though  the  last  Duke  of  Buckingham  lived  for  some  time  after  that  event,  being  much  involved 
in  debt,  he  was  obliged  to  dispose  of  great  part  of  his  estates,  when  this  was  sold  to  Daniel  Earl  of 
Nottingham,  by  whom  the  house  was  re-built.  This  Family  have  since  made  it  their  principal  residence. 

'  Of  whom  see  hereafter,  under  the  year  1610.    He  died  in  October  1619. 

VOL.  I.  R 


122  DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  BURLEY,  1603. 

Than  all  thy  Kingdoms  :  and  art  more  by  this 

Than  Lord  and  Sovereign ;  more  than  Emperor 
Over  the  hearts  of  men,  that  let  thee  in 
To  more  than  all  the  powers  on  Earth  can  win. 

God  makes  thee  King  of  our  estates  ;  but  we 
Do  make  thee  King  of  our  affection, 

King  of  our  love :  a  passion  born  more  free, 
And  most  unsubject  to  dominion. 

And  know,  that  England,  which  in  that  degree 
Can  love  with  such  a  true  devotion 

Those  that  are  less  than  Kings ;  to  thee  must  bring 

More  love,  who  art  so  much  more  than  a  King. 

And  King  of  this  great  Nation,  populous, 

Stout,  valiant,  powerful  both  by  sea  and  land ; 

Attemptive,  able,  worthy,  generous, 

Which  joyfully  embraces  thy  command : 

A  people  tractable,  obsequious, 

Apt  to  be  fashion'd  by  thy  glorious  hand 

To  any  form  of  honour,  t'  any  way 

Of  high  attempts,  thy  virtues  shall  assay. 

A  people  so  inur'd  to  peace ;  so  wrought 
To  a  successive  course  of  quietness, 

As  they've  forgot  (and  oh,  be  it  still  forgot!) 
The  nature  of  their  ancient  stubbornness  : 

Time  alter'd  hath  the  form,  the  means,  and  brought 
The  state  to  that  proportion'd  evenness, 

As  'tis  not  like  again 'twill  ever  come 

(Being  us'd  abroad)  to  draw  the  sword  at  home. 

This  people,  this  great  State,  these  hearts  adore 
Thy  sceptre  now ;  and  now  turn  all  to  thee, 

Touch'd  with  a  powerful  zeal,  and  if  not  more  . 
(And  yet  oh  more  how  could  there  ever  be, 

Than  unto  Her  whom  yet  we  do  deplore 
Amidst  our  joy  !)  and  give  us  leave,  if  we 

Rejoice  and  mourn ;  that  cannot,  without  wrong, 

So  soon  forgot  her  we  enjoy'd  so  long. 

Which  likewise  makes  for  thee,  that  yet  we  hold 
True  after  death ;  and  bring  not  this  respect 

To  a  new  Prince,  for  hating  of  the  old ; 

Or  from  desire  of  change,  or  from  neglect : 

Whereby,  O  mighty  Sovereign,  thou  art  told, 
What  thou  and  thine  are  likely  to  expect 

From  such  a  faith,  that  doe  not  haste  to  run 

Before  their  time  to  an  arising  Sun. 


DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  BURLEY,  1603.  123 

And  let  my  humble  Muse,  whom  She  did  grace, 

Beg  this  one  grace  for  Her  that  now  lies  dead  ; 
That  no  vile  tongue  may  spot  her  with  disgrace, 

Nor  that  her  fame  become  dis6gured : 
Ob,  let  her  rest  in  peace,  that  rul'd  in  peace ! 

Let  not  her  honour  be  disquieted 
Now  after  death ;  but  let  the  grave  enclose 
All  but  her  good,  and  that  it  cannot  close. 

It  adds  much  to  thy  glory  and  our  grace, 

That  this  continued  current  of  our  love 
Runs  thus  to  thee  all  with  so  swift  a  pace ; 

And  that  from  peace  to  peace  we  do  remove, 
Not  as  in  motion  put  from  out  our  place, 

But  in  one  course ;  and  do  not  seem  to  move, 
But  in  more  joy  than  ever  heretofore; 
And  well  we  may,  since  thou  wilt  make  us  more. 

Our  love,  we  see,  concurs  with  God's  great  love, 

Who  only  made  thy  way,  thy  passage  plain  ; 
Level'd  the  world  for  thee ;  did  all  remove 

That  might  the  show  but  of  a  lett  retain : 
Unbarr'd  the  North;  humbled  the  South  ;  did  move 

The  hearts  of  all,  the  right  to  entertain ; 
Held  other  States  embroil'd,  whose  envy  might 
Have  foster'd  factions  to  impugn  thy  right : 

And  all  for  thee,  that  we  the  more  might  praise 

The  glory  of  his  power,  and  reverence  thine ; 
Whom  He  hath  rais'd  to  glorify  our  days, 

And  make  this  Empire  of  the  North  to  shine, 
Against  all  th'  impious  workings,  all  th'  assays 

Or  vile  dis-natur'd  vipers ;  whose  design 
Was  to  embroil  the  State,  t'  obscure  the  light, 
And  that  clear  brightness  of  thy  sacred  right. 

To  whose  reproach,  since  th' issue  and  success 

Doth  a  sufficient  mark  of  shame  return, 
Let  no  pen  else  blazon  their  ugliness: 

Be  it  enough,  that  God  and  men  do  scorn 
Their  projects,  censures,  vain  pretendences. 

Let  not  our  children  that  are  yet  unborn 
Find  there  were  any  offer'd  to  contest, 
Or  make  a  doubt  to  have  our  Kingdom  bless'd. 

Bury  that  question  in  th'  eternal  grave 

Of  darkness,  never  to  be  seen  again. 
Suffice  we  have  thee  whom  we  ought  to  have, 

And  t'  whom  all  good  men  knew  did  appertain 


124  DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  BURLEY,  1603. 

Th' inheritance  thy  sacred  birth-right  gave; 

Needed  n'  other  suffrages  t'  ordain 
What  only  was  thy  due,  nor  no  decree 
To  be  made  known,  since  none  was  known  but  thee. 

Witness  the  joy,  the  universal  cheer, 

The  speed,  the  ease,  the  will,  the  forwardness, 

Of  all  this  great  and  spacious  State;  how  dear 
It  held  thy  title  and  thy  worthiness. 

Haste  could  not  post  so  speedy  any  where, 
But  Fame  seem'd  there  before  in  readiness, 

To  tell  our  hopes,  and  to  proclaim  thy  name; 

O  greater  than  our  hopes !  more  than  thy  fame ! 

What  a  return  of  comfort  dost  thou  bring, 
Now  at  this  fresh  returning  of  our  blood  ; 

Thus  meeting  with  the  opening  of  the  Spring, 
To  make  our  spirits  likewise  to  imbud ! 

What  a  new  season  of  encouraging 

Begin  t'  enlength  the  days  dispos'd  to  good! 

What  apprehension  of  recovery 

Of  greater  strength,  of  more  ability ! 

The  pulse  of  England  never  more  did  beat 

So  strong  as  now — Nor  ever  were  our  hearts 
Let  out  to  hopes  so  spacious  and  so  great, 

As  now  they  are — Nor  ever  in  all  parts 
Did  we  thus  feel  so  comfortable  heat, 

As  now  the  glory  of  thy  worth  imparts : 
The  whole  complexion  of  the  Commonwealth, 
So  weak  before,  hop'd  never  more  for  health. 
Could'st  thou  but  see  from  Dover  to  the  Mount, 

From  Totnes  to  the  Orcades ;  what  joy, 
What  cheer,  what  triumphs,  and  what  dear  account 

Is  held  of  thy  renown  this  blessed  day ! 
A  day  which  we  and  ours  must  ever  count 

Our  solemn  festival,  as  well  we  may. 
And  though  men  thus  court  Kings  still  which  are  new ; 
Yet  do  they  more,  when  they  find  more  is  due. 
They  fear  the  humours  of  a  future  Prince, 

Who  either  lost  a  good,  or  felt  a  bad  : 
But  thou  hast  cheer' d  us  of  this  fear  long  since; 

We  know  thee  more  than  by  report  we  had. 
We  have  an  everlasting  evidence 

Under  thy  hand ;  that  now  we  need  not  dread 
Thou  wilt  be  otherwise  in  thy  designs, 
Than  there  thou  art  in  those  judicial  lines. 


DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  HURLEY,  1603. 

It  is  the  greatest  glory  upon  Earth 
To  be  a  King ;  but  yet  much  more  to  give 

The  institution  with  the  happy  birth 

Unto  a  King,  and  teach  him  how  to  live. 

We  have  by  thee  far  more  than  thine  own  worth, 
That  doth  encourage,  strengthen,  and  relieve 

Our  hopes  in  the  succession  of  thy  blood, 

That,  like  to  thee,  they  likewise  will  be  good. 

We  have  an  earnest,  that  doth  even  tie 

Thy  Sceptre  to  thy  word,  and  binds  thy  Crown 

(That  else  no  band  can  bind)  to  ratify 

What  thy  religious  hand  hath  there  set  down  ; 

Wherein  thy  all-commanding  Sovereignty 
Stands  subject  to  thy  pen  and  thy  renown. 

There  we  behold  thee  King  of  thine  own  heart ; 

And  see  what  we  must  be,  and  what  thou  art. 

There,  great  Exemplar !  Prototype  of-  Kings! 

We  find  the  good  shall  dwell  within  thy  Court : 
Plain  Zeal  and  Truth,  free  from  base  Flatterings, 

Shall  there  be  entertain'd,  and  have  resort : 
Honest  Discretion,  that  no  cunning  brings : 

But  Counsels  that  lie  right,  and  that  import, 
Is  there  receiv'd  with  those  whose  care  attends 
Thee  and  the  State  more  than  their  private  ends. 

There  grace  and  favour  shall  not  be  dispos'd, 

But  by  proportion,  even  and  upright. 
There  are  no  mighty  mountains  interpos'd 

Between  thy  beams  and  us,  t*  imbar  thy  light. 
There  Majesty  lives  not  as  if  enclos'd, 

Or  made  a  prey  to  private  benefit. 
The  hand  of  power  deals  there  her  own  reward 
And  thereby  reaps  the  whole  of  men's  regard. 
There  is  no  way  to  get  up  to  respect, 

But  only  by  the  way  of  worthiness  ; 
All  passages  that  may  seem  indirect, 

Are  stopt  up  now;  and  there  is  no  access 
By  gross  corruption  :  bribes  cannot  effect 

For  th'  undeserving  any  offices. 
Th'  ascent  is  clean ;  and  he  that  doth  ascend 
Must  have  his  means  as  clean  as  is  his  end. 
The  deeds  of  worth,  and  laudable  deserts, 

Shall  not  now  pass  thorough  the  straight  report 
Of  an  embasing  tongue,  that  but  imparts 

What  with  his  ends  and  humours  shall  comport. 


126'  DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  BURLEY,  1603. 

The  Prince  himself  now  hears,  sees,  knows,  what  parts 

Honour  and  Virtue  acts,  and  in  what  sort ; 
And  thereto  gives  his  grace  accordingly, 
And  cheers  up  other  to  the  like  thereby. 

Nor  shall  we  now  have  use  for  Flattery  ; 

For  he  knows  Falsehood  far  more  subtle  is 
Than  Truth,  Baseness  than  Liberty, 
Fear  more  than  Love,  t'  invent  these  flourishes  : 
And  Adulation  now  is  spent  so  nigh, 

As  that  it  hath  no  colours  to  express 
That  which  it  would,  that  now  we  must  be  fain 
T'  unlearn  that  art,  and  labour  to  be  plain. 

For  where  there  is  no  ear  to  be  abus'd, 

None  will  be  found  that  dare  t'  inform  a  wrong: 

The  insolent  depraver  stands  confus'd  ; 

The  impious  Atheist  seems  to  want  a  tongue. 

Transform'd  into  the  fashion  that  is  us'd, 

All  strive  t'  appear  like  those  they  live  among : 

And  all  will  seem  compos'd  by  that  same  square, 

By  which  they  see  the  best  and  greatest  are. 

Such  power  hath  thy  example  and  respect, 
As  that  without  a  sword,  without  debate, 

Without  a  noise,  (or  feeling,  in  effect) 

Thou  wilt  dispose,  change,  form,  accommodate, 

Thy  Kingdom,  people,  rule,  and  all  effect, 
Without  the  least  convulsion  of  the  State ; 

That  this  great  passage  and  mutation  will 

Not  seem  a  change,  but  only  of  our  ill. 

We  shall  continue  and  remain  all  one, 
In  Law,  in  Justice,  and  in  Magistrate : 

Thou  wilt  not  alter  the  foundation 

Thy  Ancestors  have  laid  of  this  Estate, 

Nor  grieve  thy  Land  with  innovation, 

Nor  take  from  us  more  than  thou  wilt  collate ; 

Knowing  that  course  is  best  to  be  observ'd, 

Whereby  a  State  hath  longest  been  preserv'd. 

A  King  of  England  now  most  graciously 
Remits  the  injuries  tnat  have  been  done 

To  King  of  Scots,  and  makes  his  clemency 
To  check  them  more  than  his  correction : 

The  anointed  blood  that  stain 'd  most  shamefully 
This  ill-seduced  State,  he  looks  thereon 

With  eye  of  grief,  not  wrath,  t'  avenge  the  same, 

Since  th'  Authors  are  extinct  that  caus'd  that  shame. 


IMNIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  HURLEY,  1603.      127 

Thus  mighty  rivers  quietly  do  glide, 

And  do  not  by  their  rage  their  powers  profess, 
But  by  their  mighty  workings  ;  when  in  pride 

Small  torrents  roar  more  loud,  and  work  much  less. 
Peace  greatness  best  becomes.     Calm  Power  doth  guide 

With  a  far  more  imperious  stateliness, 
Than  all  the  swords  of  Violence  can  do, 
And  easier  gains  those  ends  she  tends  unto. 

Then,  England,  thou  hast  reason  thus  to  cheer ; 

Reason  to  joy  and  triumph  in  this  wise  ; 
When  thou  shalt  gain  so  much,  and  have  no  fear 

To  lose  ought  else  but  thy  deformities  ; 
When  thus  thou  shalt  have  health,  and  be  set  clear 

From  all  thy  great  infectious  maladies, 
By  such  a  hand  that  best  knows  how  to  cure, 
And  where  most  lie  those  griefs  thou  most  endure. 

When  thou  shalt  see  there  is  another  grace, 

Than  to  be  rich ;  another  dignity, 
Than  money ;  other  means  for  place, 

Than  gold — wealth  shall  not  now  make  honesty. 
When  thou  shalt  see  the  estimation  base 

Of  that  which  most  afflicts  our  misery ; 
Without  the  which  else  could'st  thou  never  see 
Our  ways  laid  right,  nor  men  themselves  to  be. 

By  which  improvement  we  shall  gain  much  more 

Than  by  Peru  ;  or  all  Discoveries: 
For  this  way  to  embase,  is  to  enstore 

The  treasure  of  the  land,  and  make  it  rise. 
This  is  the  only  key  t' unlock  the  door, 

To  let  out  plenty,  that  it  may  suffice : 
For  more  than  all  this  Isle,  for  more  increase 
Of  subjects  than  by  thee,  there  can  increase. 

This  shall  make  room  and  place  enough  for  all, 

Which  otherwise  would  not  suffice  a  few: 
And  by  proportion  geometrical, 

Shall  so  dispose  to  all  what  shall  be  due. 
As  that  without  corruption,  wrangling,  brawl, 

Intrusion,  wrestling,  and  by  means  undue; 
Desert  shall  have  her  charge,  and  but  one  charge, 
As  having  but  one  body  to  discharge. 

Whereby  the  all-incheering  Majesty 

Shall  come  to  shine  at  full  in  all  her  parts, 
And  spread  her  beams  of  comfort  equally, 

As  being  all  alike  to  like  deserts. 


128  DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  BURLEV,  1603. 

For  thus  to  check,  embase,  and  vilify 

TV  esteem  of  wealth,  will  fashion  so  our  hearts 
To  worthy  ends,  as  that  we  shall  by  much 
More  labour  to  be  good  than  to  be  rich. 

This  will  make  peace  with  Law ;  restore  the  Bar 
T'  her  ancient  silence ;  where  Contention  now 

Makes  soconfus'd  a  noise — This  will  debar 
The  fostering  of  debate ;  and  overthrow 

That  ugly  monster,  that  foul  ravener, 
Extortion,  which  so  hideously  did  grow, 

By  making  prey  upon  our  misery, 

And  wasting  it  again  as  wickedly. 

The  strange  examples  of  impoverishments, 
Of  sacrilege,  exaction,  and  of  waste, 

Shall  not  be  made,  and  held  as  presidents 

For  times  to  come ;  but  end  with  th'  ages  past. 

When  as  the  State  shall  yield  more  supplements 
(B'ing  well  employ'd)  than  Kings  can  well  exhaust ; 

This  golden  meadow  lying  ready  still 

Then  to  be  mow'd,  when  their  occasions  will. 

Favour,  like  pity,  in  the  hearts  of  men 

Have  the  first  touches  ever  violent ; 
But  soon  again  it  comes  to  languish,  when 

The  motive  of  that  humour  shall  be  spent : 
But  b'ing  still  fed  with  that  which  first  hath  been 

The  cause  thereof,  it  holds  still  permanent, 
And  is  kept  in  by  course,  by  form,  by  kind  ; 
And  time  begets  more  ties,  that  still  more  bind. 

The  broken  frame  of  this  disjointed  State 
Being  by  the  bliss  of  thy  great  grandfather 

(Henry  the  Seventh)  restor'd  to  an  Estate 
More  sound  than  ever,  and  more  stedfaster, 

Owes  all  it  hath  to  him  ;  and  in  that  rate 

Stands  bound  to  thee,  that  art  his  Successor : 

For  without  him  it  had  not  been  begun ; 

And  without  thee  we  had  been  now  undone. 

He  of  a  private  man  became  a  King; 

Having  endur'd  the  weight  of  Tyranny, 
Mourn'd  with  the  world,  complain'd,  and  knew  the  thing 

That  good  men  wish  for  in  their  misery  N 

Under  ill  Kings ;  saw  what  it  was  to  bring 

Order  and  form,  to  the  recovery 
Of  an  unruly  State :  conceiv'd  what  cure 
Would  kill  the  cause  of  this  distemperature. 


DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  HURLEY,  1603.  129 

Thou,  born  a  King,  hast  in  thy  State  endur'd 

The  sowre  affronts  of  private  discontent, 
With  subjects'  broils ;  and  ever  been  inur'd 

To  this  great  mystery  of  Government : 
Whereby  thy  Princely  wisdom  hath  allur'd 

A  state  to  peace,  left  to  thee  turbulent, 
And  brought  us  an  addition  to  the  frame 
Of  this  great  work,  squar'd  fitly  to  the  same. 

And  both  you  (by  th'  all-working  Providence, 

That  fashions  out  of  dangers,  toils,  debates, 
Those  whom  it  hath  ordained  to  commence 

The  first  and  great  establishments  of  States) 
Came  when  your  aid,  your  power's  experience 

(Which  out  of  judgement  best  accommodates 
These  joints  of  rule)  was  more  than  most  desir'd, 
And  when  the  times  of  need  the  most  requir'd. 

And  as  he  laid  the  model  of  this  frame,  . 

By  which  was  built  so  strong  a  work  of  State, 
As  all  the  powers  of  changes  in  the  same, 

All  that  excess  of  a  disordinate 
And  lustful  Prince,  nor  all  that  after  came; 

Nor  child,  nor  stranger,  nor  yet  women's  fate, 
Could  once  disjoint  the  compliments,  whereby 
It  held  together  in  just  symmetry. 

So  thou  likewise  art  come,  as  fore-ordain'd 

To  reinforce  the  same  more  really, 
Which  oftentimes  hath  but  been  entertain'd 

By  th'  only  style  and  name  of  Majesty  ; 
And  by  no  other  Counsels  oft  attain'd 

Those  ends  of  her  enjoy'd  tranquillity, 
Than  by  this  form,  and  by  th'  encumbrances 
Of  Neighbour-States,  that  gave  it  a  success. 

That  hadst  thou  had  no  title  (as  thou  hast 

The  only  right ;  and  none  hath  else  a  right). 
We  yet  must  now  have  been  enforc'd  t*  have  cast 

Ourselves  into  thy  arms,  to  set  all  right; 
And  to  avert  confusion,  bloodshed,  waste, 

That  otherwise  upon  us  needs  'must  light. 
None  but  a  King,  and  no  King  else  beside, 
Could  now  have  sav'd  this  State  from  being  destroy'd. 

Thus  hath  the  hundred  years  brought  back  again 

The  sacred  blood  lent  to  adorn  the  North, 
And  here  return'd  it  with  a  greater  gain, 

And  greater  glory  than  we  sent  it  forth. 
VOL.  i.  s 


130  DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  HURLEY,  1603. 

Thus  doth  th' all-working  Providence  retain, 

And  keep  for  great  effects  the  seed  of  Worth, 
And  so  doth  point  the  stops  of  Time  thereby, 
In  periods  of  uncertain  certainty. 

Margaret  of  Richmond,  (glorious  Grandmother 

Unto  that  other  precious  Margaret, 
From  whence  the  Almighty  Worker  did  transfer 

This  branch  of  peace,  as  from  a  root  well  set) 
Thou  mother,  author,  plotter,  counsellor 

Of  union !  that  did'st  both  conceive,  beget, 
And  bring  forth  happiness  to  this  great  State, 
To  make  it  thus  entirely  fortunate : 

Oh,  could* st  thou  now  but  view  this  fair  success, 

This  great  effect  of  thy  religious  work, 
And  see  therein  how  God  hath  pleas'd  to  bless 

Thy  charitable  Counsels ;  and  to  work 
Still  greater  good  out  of  the  blessedness 

Of  this  conjoined  Lancaster  and  York  : 
Which  all  conjoin'd  within  ;  and  those  shut  out, 
Whom  nature  and  their  birth  had  set  without ! 

How  much  hast  thou  bound  all  posterities 

In  this  great  work  to  reverence  thy  name ! 
And  with  thee  that  religious,  faithful,  wise, 

And  learned  Morton1  !  who  contriv'd  the  same, 
And  first  advis'd,  and  did  so  well  advise, 

As  that  the  good  success  that  thereof  came, 
Show'd  well,  that  holy  hands,  clean  thoughts,  clear  hearts, 
Are  only  fit  to  act  such  glorious  parts. 

But,  Muse,  these  dear  remembrances  must  be 

In  their  convenient  places  registred, 
When  thou  shalt  bring  stern  Discord  to  agree, 

And  bloody  war  into  a  quiet  bed. 
Which  work  must  now  be  finished  by  thee, 

That  long  hath  lain  undone  ;  as  destined 
Unto  the  glory  of  these  days  :  for  which 
Thy  vows  and  verse  have  laboured  so  much. 

Thou  ever  hast  opposed  all  thy  might 

Against  contention,  fury,  pride,  and  wrong; 
Persuading  still  to  hold  the  course  of  right ; 

And  peace  hath  been  the  burden  of  thy  song. 
And  now  thyself  shalt  have  the  benefit 

Of  quietness,  which  thou  hast  wanted  long  ; 
And  now  shalt  have  calm  peace,  and  union 
With  thine  own  wars ;  and  now  thou  must  go  on. 

1  William  Douglas,  sixth  Earl  of  Morton,  who  had  the  custody  of  Queen  Mary  at  Lochleven  Castle. 


DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  BURLEY,  1603. 

Only  the  joy  of  this  so  dear  a  thing 

Made  me  look  back  unto  the  cause,  whence  came 
This  so  great  good,  this  blessing  of  a  King  ; 

When  our  Estate  so  much  requir'd  the  same, 
When  we  had  need  of  power  for  well-ordering 

Of  our  affairs :  need  of  a  spirit  to  frame 
The  world  to  good,  to  grace  and  worthiness, 
Out  of  this  humour  of  luxuriousness : 
And  bring  us  back  unto  ourselves  again, 

Unto  our  ancient  native  modesty, 
From  out  these  foreign  sins  we  entertain, 

These  loathsome  surfeits,  ugly  gluttony  ; 
From  this  unmanly  and  this  idle  vein 

Of  wanton  and  superfluous  bravery  ; 
The  wreck  of  gentry,  spoil  of  nobleness ; 
And  square  us  by  thy  temperate  soberness. 

When  abstinence  is  fashion'd  by  the  time, 

It  is  no  rare  thing  to  be  abstinent: 
But  then  it  is,  when  th'  age  (full  fraught  with  crime) 

Lies  prostrate  unto  all  misgovernment. 
And  who  is  not  licentious  in  the  prime 

And  heat  of  youth,  nor  then  incontinent 
When  out  of  might  he  may,  he  never  will ; 
No  power  can  tempt  him  to  that  taste  of  ill. 
Then  what  are  we  t'  expect  from  such  a  hand, 

That  doth  this  stern  of  fair  example  guide? 
Who  will  not  now  shame  to  have  no  command 

Over  his  lusts  ?  who  would  be  seen  t'  abide 
Unfaithful  to  his  vows  ;  t'  infringe  the  band 

Of  a  most  sacred  knot  which  God  hath  ty'd  t 
Who  would  now  seem  to  be  dishonoured 
With  th'  unclean  touch  of  an  unlawful  bed  ? 
What  a  great  check  will  this  chaste  Court  be  now 

To  wanton  Courts  debauch'd  with  luxury; 
Where  we  no  other  mistresses  shall  know, 

But  to  her  whom  we  owe  our  loyalty  ? 
Chaste  mother  of  our  Princes,  whence  do  grow 

Those  righteous  issues,  which  shall  glorify 
And  to  comfort  many  Nations  with  their  worth, 
To  her  perpetual  grace  that  brought  them  forth. 
We  shall  not  fear  to  have  our  wives  distain'd, 

Nor  yet  our  daughters  violated  here 
By  an  imperial  lust,  that  b'ing  unrein'd, 

Will  hardly  be  resisted  any  where. 


DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  BURLEY,  1603,. 

He  will  not  be  betray'd  with  ease,  nor  train'd 

With  idle  rest,  in  soft  delights  to  wear 
His  time  of  life;  but  knows  whereto  he  tends ; 
How  worthy  minds  are  made  for  worthy  ends. 

And  that  this  mighty  work  of  Union,  now 
Begun  with  glory,  must  with  grace  run  on, 

And  be  so  clos'd,  as  all  the  joints  may  grow 
Together  firm  in  due  proportion : 

A  work  of  power  and  judgment,  that  must  show 
All  parts  of  wisdom  and  discretion, 

That  man  can  show;  that  no  cloud  may  impair 

This  day  of  hope,  whose  morning  shows  so  fair. 

He  hath  a  mighty  burden  to  sustain 

Whose  fortune  doth  succeed  a  gracious  Prince ; 
Or  where  men's  expectations  entertain 

Hopes  of  more  good,  and  more  beneficence : 
But  yet  he  undergoes  a  greater  pain, 

A  more  laborious  work,  who  must  commence 
The  great  foundation  of  a  Government, 
And  lay  the  frame  of  order  and  content. 
Especially  where  men's  desires  do  run 

A  greedy  course  of  eminency,  gain, 
And  private  hopes ;  weighing  not  what  is  done 

For  the  Republic,  so  themselves  may  gain 
Their  ends ;  and  where  few  care  who  be  undone, 

So  they  be  made ;  whilst  all  do  entertain 
The  present  motions  that  this  passage  brings. 
With  th'  infancy  of  change,  under  new  Kings. 

So  that  the  weight  of  all  seems  to  rely 

Wholly  upon  thine  own  discretion  ; 
Thy  judgment  now  must  only  rectify 

This  frame  of  power  thy  glory  stands  upon : 
From  thee  must  come,  that  thy  posterity 

May  joy  this  peace,  and  hold  this  Union. 
For  whilst  all  work  for  their  own  benefit, 
Thy  only  work  must  keep  us  all  upright. 
For  did  not  now  thy  full  maturity 

Of  years  and  wisdom,  that  discern  what  shows, 
What  art  and  colours  may  deceive  the  eye, 

Secure  our  trust  that  that  clear  judgment  knows 
Upon  what  grounds  depend  thy  Majesty, 

And  whence  the  glory  of  thy  greatness  grows  ; 
We  might  distrust,  lest  that  a  side  might  part 
Thee  from  thyself,  and  so  surprise  thy  heart. 


DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  BURLEY,  1603.  133 

Since  thou  'rt  but  one,  and  that  against  thy  breast 

Are  laid  all  engines  both  of  skill  and  wit; 
And  all  assaults  of  cunning  are  address'd, 

With  stratagems  of  art,  to  enter  it ; 
To  make  a  prey  of  grace,  and  to  invest 

Their  powers  within  thy  love;  that  they  might  sit, 
And  stir  that  way  which  their  affection  tends, 
Respecting  but  themselves  and  their  own  ends. 

Seeing  how  difficult  a  thing  it  is 

To  rule ;  and  what  strength  is  requir'd  to  stand 

Against  all  th' interplac'd  respondences 
Of  combinations,  set  to  keep  the  hand 

And  eye  of  Power  from  out  the  Provinces, 
That  Avarice  may  draw  to  her  command ; 

Which,  to  keep  hers,  she  others  vows  to  spare, 

That  they  again  to  her  might  use  like  care. 

But  God,  that  rais'd  thee  up  to  act  this  part, 
Hath  given  thee  all  those  powers  of  worthiness, 

Fit  for  so  great  a  work ;  and  framed  thy  heart 
Discernible  of  all  apparencies ; 

Taught  thee  to  know  the  world,  and  this  great  art 
Of  ordering  man !  knowledge  of  knowledges  ! 

That  from  thee  men  might  reckon  how  this  State 

Became  restor'd,  and  was  made  fortunate. 

That  thou  the  first  with  us  in  name,  might'st  be 

The  first  in  course,  to  fashion  us  anew; 
Wherein  the  times  hath  offer'd  that  to  thee, 

Seldom  to  other  Princes  could  accrue. 
Thou  hast  th'  advantage  only  to  be  free, 

T'  employ  thy  favours  where  they  shall  be  due ; 
And  to  dispose  thy  grace  in  general, 
And,  like  to  Jove,  to  be  alike  to  all. 

Thy  fortune  hath  indebted  thee  to  none, 

But  t'  all  thy  people  universally ; 
And  not  to  them,  but  for  their  love  alone, 

Which  they  account  is  placed  worthily. 
Nor  wilt  thou  now  frustrate  their  hopes,  whereon 

They  rest ;  nor  they  fail  in  their  loyalty: 
Since  no  Prince  comes  deceived  in  his  trust, 
But  he  that  first  deceives,  and  proves  unjust. 

Then,  since  we  are  in  this  so  fair  a  way 

Of  restoration,  greatness,  and  command ; 
Cursed  be  he  that  causes  the  least  stay 

In  this  fair  work,  or  interrupts  thy  hand ; 


134  DANIEL'S  PANEGYRIC  CONGRATULATORY  AT  BURLEY,  1603. 

And  cursed  he  that  offers  to  betray 

Thy  graces,  or  thy  goodness  to  withstand ; 
Let  him  be  held  abhorr'd,  and  all  his  race 
Inherit  but  the  portion  of  disgrace. 

And  he  that  shall  by  wicked  offices 

Be  th'  author  of  the  least  disturbancy, 
Or  seek  t'  avert  thy  godly  purposes, 

Be  ever  held  the  scorn  of  infamy. 
And  let  men  but  consider  their  success, 

Who  Princes'  loves  abus'd  presumptuously ; 
They  shall  perceive  their  ends  do  still  relate, 
That  sure  God  loves  them  not,  whom  men  do  hate. 
And  it  is  just,  that  they  who  make  a  prey 

Of  Princes'  favours,  in  the  end  again 
Be  made  a  prey  to  Princes  ;  and  repay 

The  spoils  of  misery  with  greater  gain  : 
Whose  sacrifices  ever  do  allay 

The  wrath  of  men  conceiv'd  in  their  disdain: 
For  that  their  hatred  prosecuteth  still 
More  than  ill  Princes,  those  that  make  them  ill. 
But  both  thy  judgment  and  estate  doth  free 

Thee  from  these  powers  of  fear  and  flattery, 
The  conquerors  of  Kings;  by  whom,  we  see, 

Are  wrought  the  acts  of  all  impiety. 
Thou  art  to  set,  as  thou'st  no  cause  to  be 

Jealous,  or  dreadful  of  disloyalty : 
The  pedestal  whereon  thy  greatness  stands, 
Is  built  of  all  our  hearts,  and  all  our  hands. 


***  The  following  lines  by  Dr.  JAMES  DUPORT,  Master  of  Magdalen  College,  Cambridge,  and 
Archdeacon  of  Stow,  from  his  "  Musoe  Subsecivae,"  p.  401,  refer  to  this  period. 

"  In  Die  Inaugurations  Serenissimi  Regis,  et  Potentissimi  Britanniarum  Monarchae,  Jacobi  Pacific!. 
"  E  tenebris  pax,  (in  tenebris  res  nempe  quiescunt ; 

Et  SXOTO;  et  SXWTOS  quam  prope  conveniunt !) 
A  Scotis,  lacobe,  venis,  dat  Scotia  lucem, 

Pacificus  nobis  Rex,  Jacobe,  venis. 
Sed  nee  Scotia  jam,  nee  erit  caligo  Caledon, 

Postquam  Anglis  fulsit  candidus  iste  dies. 
Reddatur  potius  vetus  illi  Albania  nomen, 

Jacobum  Albioni  cum  tulit  alba  suum ; 
Alba  ac  alma  parens,  hinc  talem  enixa  Monarcham, 

Candida  pax  terras,  quo  moderante,  beat. 
Salve  festa  dies,  certa  qua  compede  vinctus 

Mars,  et  bifrontis  janua  clausa  Dei  est. 
Rex  in  pace  viget,  Pax  ipsa  in  Rege  triumphat, 

Scilicet  in  tenebris  plus  ea  gemma  nitet. 
Pace  tua  dicam,  Rex  optime,  gente  Britanna 

Non  est  in  toto  tutior  orbe  locus." 


135 

KING  JAMES  his  Entertainment  at  THEOBALDS,  with  his  Welcome  to  LONDON  ; 
together  with  a  Salutatorie  Poeme.     By  JOHN  SAUILE  '. 

"  Dicito  Iu  paean,  et  lo  bis  dicito  paean." 
London:   Printed  by  Thomas  Snodham ;  and  are  sould  at  the  house  of  T.  Ette,  1603. 


To  the  Right  Worshipfull  Master  George  Sauile,  sonne  and  heire 

to  Sir  George  Sauile,  Knight,  his  most  approued  kinde  Patron ; 

health,  honour,  and  happinesse. 

Ofspring  of  Gentrie,  Sprig  for  honor  drest, 
'Tis  half  your  losse  (ohe !)  but  al  my  blame 

In  proper  words  your  worth  should  not  b'  exprest, 
Let  it  suffice  that  I  adore  your  name, 

Then  pardon  what  is  wanting,  I  will  owe  it, 

And,  as  I'm  able,  I  will  pay,  I  vow  it. 

Meanwhile  accept  this  Poerae  to  our  King, 

Peruse  it  at  your  leysure,  halfe  or  all, 
Your  Worship's  worth  our  Muse  shall  shortly  sing, 

Though  in  true  Poesie  her  skill's  but  small, 
Howe'er  it  be,  accept  her  pure  good-will, 
She  rests  at  your  command,  in  all  Save-ill. 

Your  Worships  ever  readie  at  command  in  all  dutie,  IOHN  SAUILE. 


Virteous  Reader;  For  the  better  vnderstanding  of  this  discription  following,  espe- 
cially to  whom  the  scituation  of  the  place  is  either  lesse  knowne  or  not  at  all ;  they 
are  therefore  to  note  that  Theobalds,  whither  the  King's  Majestic  came  upon 
Tuesday,  being  the  third  of  May,  accompanied  with  his  whole  traine,  is  a  princely 
Manor,  belonging  to  the  Right  Honourable  Sir  Robert  Cecill,  Principal  Secretarie 
to  his  Majestie,  and  one  of  his  Highnes  Priuie  Counsel!,  seated  in  the  Countie 
of  Essex,  twelve  miles  distant  from  London,  directly  by  North,  neere  to  an 
ancient  Towne  called  Waltham  Crosse.  This  house  is  not  placed  adjoyning  to  the 
highway  side,  as  manie  sumptuous  buildings  are  in  that  countie  and  thereabouts, 

1  This  rare  tract,  containing  14  quarto  pages,  is  noticed  in  the  "  Bibliotheca  Angla  Poetica,"  at  the 
price  of  sS.3.  10s. — A  copy  of  it  is  in  the  Bodleian  Libraiy ;  and  Mr.  Garrick  had  also  a  copy,  which, 
with  the  King's  Journey  to  London  and  some  other  Tracts,  was  sold  for  j£.53. — Wood  mentions  the 
author  in  his  "Athenae,"  vol.  I.  p.  286  ;  but  merely  as  "  a  pretender  to  Poetry,"  patronized  by  the 
young  spark,  to  whom  this  "  Entertainment"  is  dedicated.  At  the  same  time  he  thinks  "  fit  to  let 
the  Reader  know  that  this  is  not  the  John  Savile  who  was  a  Baron  of  the  Exchequer,  and  was 
knighted  by  King  James  just  before  his  Coronation." 


136       SAVILE'S  ACCOUNT  OF  THE  KING'S  ARRIVAL  AT  THEOBALDS,  1603. 

but  especiallie  betweene  that  place  and  London,  the  most  part  whereof  belong  to 
the  Cittie  marchants ;  but  hath  a  most  statelie  walke,  from  the  common  street  way 
whereby  passengers  trauaile  vp  to  the  Pallace,  by  the  space  of  one  furlong  in 
length,  beset  about  either  side  with  young  elme  and  ashe  trees,  confusedly  mixt 
one  for  another,  from  the  high-way  to  the  first  court  belonging  to  the  house,  con- 
tayning  in  bredth  three  rods,  which  amount  to  some  fifteene  yards,  in  fashion 
made  like  a  high  ridge  land,  or  the  middle  street-way  without  Bishop-gate.  His 
Majestic  hauing  dined  vpon  that  same  day  with  Sir  Henrie  Cocks  at  Broxburne, 
foure  miles  distant  from  Theobalds;  about  halfe  an  houre  after  one  a  clocke  in 
the  afternoone,  his  Highnesse  proceeded  forward  toward  Theobalds,  accompanied 
with  Sir  Edward  Dennie,  then  Shriefe  of  Essex ;  hee  had  followers  an  hundred 
and  fiftie  in  parti-coloured  hats,  red  and  yellow  bands,  round  rould,  with  a  feather 
in  euerie  one  of  them  of  the  same  colour,  besides  two  trumpeters,  all  which  were 
in  blue  coates  gallantly  mounted.  There  did  accompanie  his  Majestic  from  Brox- 
burne, manie  of  the  Nobilitie  of  England  and  Scotland.  As  his  Highnesse  was 
espied  comming  toward  Theobalds,  for  very  ioy  many  ran  from  their  carts,  leau- 
ing  their  tea  me  of  horses  to  their  owne  vnreasonable  directions.  After  his 
approaching  nigh  vnto  Theobalds,  the  concourse  of  people  was  so  frequent, 
euery  one  more  desiring  a  sight  of  him,  that  it  were  incredible  to  tell  of.  And  it 
was  wonderfull  to  see  the  infinit  number  of  horsemen  and  footemen  that  went 
from  the  Cittie  of  London  that  day  thetherwards,  and  likewise  from  the  Counties 
of  Kent,  Surry,  Essex,  and  Middlesex,  besides  many  other  counties.  There 
were  in  my  companie  two  more,  who  after  I  had  put  it  into  their  mindes,  what 
infinite  numbers  of  horse  and  foote  passed  by  vs,  after  our  breakfast  at  Edmunton, 
at  the  signe  of  The  Bell1,  wee  tooke  occasion  to  note  how  many  would  come  downe 
in  the  next  houre ;  so  comming  vp  into  a  chamber  next  to  the  street,  where  we 
might  both  best  see,  and  likewise  take  notice  of  all  passengers,  wee  called  for  an 
houreglasse,  and  after  wee  had  disposed  of  ourselues,  who  should  take  the  num- 
ber of  the  horse  and  who  the  foote,  wee  turned  the  houreglasse,  which,  before  it 
was  half  runne  out,  we  could  not  possiblie  trulie  number  them,  they  came  so 
exceedinglie  fast,  but  there  we  broke  off,  and  made  our  account  of  three  hundred 
and  nine  horses,  and  a  hundred  and  thirtie-seauen  footmen,  which  course  conti- 
nued that  day  from  foure  a  clocke  in  the  morning  till  three  a  clocke  afternoone,  and 
the  day  before  also,  as  the  host  of  the  house  told  vs,  without  intermission ;  now 

1  This  was  probably  the  same  as  "  the  Bell  at  Edmonton'1  celebrated  by  Cowper  in  his  humourous 
history  of  John  Gilpin,  since  it  is  well  known  that  many  inns  have  retained  their  signs  for  a  much 
longer  period. 


SAVILE'S  ACCOUNT  OF  THE  KING'S  ARRIVAL  AT  THEOBALDS,  16*03.       137 

whether  eurie  equall  space  did  equall  the  number  of  these,  I  cannot  justly  say, 
therefore  I  forbeare  to  set  it  downe.  When  we  were  eome  to  Theobalds,  wee 
vnderstood  his  Majestic  to  be  within  the  compasse  of  three  quarters  of  a  mile  of 
the  house,  at  which  tidings  wee  devided  our  selues  into  three  parts,  each  one 
taking  a  place  of  special!  note,  to  see  what  memorable  accidents  might  happen 
within  his  compasse,  one  standing  at  the  vpper  end  of  the  walke,  the  second  at 
the  vpper  end  of  the  first  court,  the  third  at  the  second  court  dore;  and  wee  had 
made  choice  of  a  Gentleman  of  good  sort  to  stand  in  the  court  that  leads  into  the 
Hall,  to  take  notice  what  was  done  or  said  by  his  Highnesse  to  the  Nobilitie  of 
our  land,  or  saide  or  done  by  them  to  his  Majestic,  and  to  let  vs  vnderstand  of 
it,  all  which  accidents  as  they  hapned  in  their  seueral  places,  you  shall  heare  in 
as  few  words  as  may  be.  Thus  then  for  his  Majesties  comming  vp  the  walke, 
ther  came  before  his  Majestic  some  of  the  Nobilitie,  some  Barons,  Knights, 
Esquires,  Gentlemen,  and  others,  amongst  whom  was  the  Shriefes  of  Essex,  and 
the  most  of  his  men,  the  trumpets  sounding  next  before  his  Highnesse,  sometimes 
one,  sometimes  another;  his  Majestic  riding  not  continually  betwixt  the  same  two, 
but  sometimes  one,  sometimes  another,  as  seemed  best  to  his  Highnesse,  the  whole 
Nobilitie  of  our  land  and  Scotland  round  about  him,  obseruing  no  place  of  su periori- 
tie,  all  bare-headed,  all  whom  alighted  from  their  horses,  at  their  entrance  into  the 
first  court,  sane  onely  his  Majestic  alone,  who  rid  along  still,  foure  Noblemen  laying 
their  hands  vpon  his  steed,  two  before  and  two  behind,  in  this  manner  hee  came 
till  he  was  come  to  the  court  dore,  where  myselfe  stoode,  where  he  alighted  from 
his  horse,  from  which  he  had  not  gone  ten  princely  paces,  but  there  was  deliuered 
him  a  petition  by  a  yong  Gentleman  ;  his  Majestic  returning  him  this  gracious 
answere,  that  he  should  bee  heard  and  have  justice.  At  the  entrance  into  that 
court  stood  many  Noblemen,  amongst  whom  was  Sir  Robert  Cecil,  who  there 
meeting  his  Majestic  conducted  him  into  his  house,  all  which  \vas  practised  with 
as  great  applause  of  the  people  as  could  be,  hartie  prayer,  and  throwing  up  of 
hats.  His  Majestic  had  not  staied  aboue  an  houre  in  his  chamber,  but  hearing 
the  multitude  throng  so  fast  into  the  vppermost  court  to  see  his  Highnesse,  as  his 
Grace  was  informed,  hee  showed  himselfe  openly,  out  of  his  chamber  window,  by- 
the  space  of  halfe  an  houre  together,  after  which  time  hee  went  into  the  laberinth- 
like  garden  to  walke,  where  hee  recreated  himselfe  in  the  Meander's  compact  of 
bayes,  rosemarie,  and  the  like  overshadowing  his  walke,  to  defend  him  from  the 
heate  of  the  sunne,  till  supper  time,  at  which  was  suche  plentie  of  prouision  for 
all  sorts  of  men  in  their  due  place,  as  strucke  mee  with  adm'iration;  and  first,  to 
VOL.  I.  T 


138     SAVILE'S  ACCOUNT  OF  THE  KING'S  HUNTING  ON  ENFIELD  CHACE,  1603. 

begin  with  the  ragged  regiments,  and  such  as  were  debarred  the  priueledge  of  any 
court,  these  were  so  sufficientlie  rewarded  with  beefe,  veale,  mutton,  bread,  and 
beere,  that  they  sung  holiday  euery  day  and  kept  a  continual  feast;  as  for  poore, 
maimed  and  distressed  soulders  which  repaired  thether  for  maintenance,  the 
wine,  money,  and  meat,  which  they  had  in  verie  bounteous  sort,  hath  beene  a  suffi- 
cient spur  to  cause  them  to  blaze  it  abroad  since  their  coming  to  London,  whose 
thankfulnesse  is  not  altogether  vnknowne  to  myselfe,  whom  some  of  them  hearing 
that  I  was  about  to  publish  this  small  remembrance,  made  meanes  to  mee  to  giue 
mee  true  information  of  such  Princelie  exhibitions  they  daily  receiued  during  the 
time  of  his  Majestie's  abode  at  Theobalds. 

But  let  vs  looke  a  litle  back  into  the  Mirrour  of  Majestie,  our  Soueraigne's 
owne  selfe,  who,  in  his  princely  wisdome,  considering  the  multitude  of  people 
assembled  together,  had  that  prouident  care  ouer  vs  his  louing  subiects,  foreseeing 
that  victualls  would  be  deere,  both  for  horse  and  man,  had  it  been  permitted  to 
have  bene  disposed  of  according  to  the  insatiable  desire  of  the  Towne  inhabitants, 
ratified  a  deposition  to  that  effect,  taken  before  the  Clark  of  the  Market,  for  such 
and  such  victualls,  meale,  bread,  butter,  egges,  cheese,  beefe,  mutton,  ueale,  and 
the  like,  with  lodging  and  manie  more  such  necessarie  matters,  that  they  should 
not  be  out  of  measure  deare,  beyond  ordinary  course  and  custome,  within  the 
Verge  of  his  Majestie's  Court,  so  long  as  it  continued  at  Theobalds.  What  his 
Princely  intention  was  in  this  towards  the  publick  good  of  all  his  faithfull  sub- 
iects, then  and  there  assembled  together,  meerely  drawne  with  the  bonds  of  loue 
and  bounden  dutie,  may  easily  be  gathered  by  the  publication  of  the  same,  by  his 
Majesties  priuiledge  :  but  how  effectually  it  was  obserued  by  all  estates  of  people, 
within  the  Verge  of  his  Majestie's  Court  at  the  sayd  tyme,  I  referre  it  to  the 
censure  of  them  that  are  assured  of  the  certaintie  of  it. 

Upon  Wednesday  rnorne,  being  the  fourth  of  May,  his  Majestie  rid  uery 
early  in  the  morning  into  Enfeeld  Chace,  accompanied  with  many  of  the  Nobi- 
litie;  his  returne  was  shorter  then  was  expected  by  a  great  deale,  by  reason  the 
morning  seemed  to  promise  a  shower,  but  did  not  performe  it.  I  could  haue 
wished  that  either  it  had  neuer  loured  at  all,  so  we  should  haue  enioyed  the  pre- 
sence of  his  Majestie  the  longer,  at  that  present,  or  else  that  the  middle  region 
would  haue  giuen  vs  iust  cause  to  haue  rayld  against  it,  by  vrging  his  Highness' 
retourne  into  the  house  before  his  full  recreation  ;  he  rid  the  most  part  of  the  way 
from  the  Chace  betwene  two  honourable  personages  of  our  land,  the  Earle  of  North- 
umberland vpon  his  Majestie's  right  hand,  the  Earle  of  Nothingham  vpon  his 


SAVILE'S  ACCOUNT  OF  THE  KING'S  PROCEEDING  TOWARDS  LONDON,  1603. 

left  hand.  Now  one  word  concerning  his  Majesties  proceeding  towards  London 
vpon  Satterday,  being  the  seuenth  of  May,  and  so  wil  end.  For  the  number  of 
people  that  went  forth  of  the  Cittie  of  London  to  see  his  Majestic  that  day,  doubt- 
less they  were  contained  in  a  number,  but  without  all  doubt  not  to  be  numbred. 
I  heard  many  grey  heads  speake  it,  that  in  all  the  meetings  they  haue  seene  or 
heard  of,  they  never  heard  or  saw  the  tenth  man  was  there  to  be  seene  that  day, 
betwixt  Enfeeld  and  London,  euerie  place  in  this  space  so  clogd  with  companie, 
that  his  Highnesse  could  not  passe  without  pausing,  oft  times  willingly  enforced, 
though  more  willing  to  haue  proceeded,  if  conueniently  he  could  without  great 
perill  to  his  beloued  people.  After  our  retourne  to  our  houses,  in  our  recreating 
prattle,  a  Gentilman  then  soiourning  in  my  house,  one  Master  T  A.  Pa.  a  man 
vpon  my  own  knowledge  of  sufficient  wealth,  yet  he  would  haue  bene  content  to 
haue  exchanged  his  state,  so  he  might  but  haue  had  actually  euerie  reassonable 
creature  was  ther  that  day,  a  bee,  and  a  hiue  to  put  them  in.  Another  (more  rea- 
sonable than  he)  would  aske  no  more  liuing,  then  for  euerie  one  a  pin,  which, 
according  with  an  arithmeticall  proporcion,  by  the  iudgement  of  two  or  three 
martiall  men,  who  had  seene  great  compaines  together,  as  neere  as  they  could 
guesse,  by  their  seeming  show,  would  haue  amounted  to  an  hundred  and  fiftie 
pound,  receauing  but  of  euery  one  a  pin.  His  Majestic  comrning  to  Stamford 
Hill,  ther  was  an  Oration  made  vnto  his  Highnesse,  the  effect  wherof  I  could  not 
truly  learn  ;  and  heare  it  I  could  not,  by  reason  of  the  crowd,  for  euen  there, 
being  three  miles  from  London,  the  people  were  so  throng,  that  a  carman  let  IHS 
cart  for  eight  groats  to  eight  persons,  whose  aboad  was  not  in  it  aboue  one  quarter 
of  an  houre.  From  Stamford  Hill '  to  London  was  made  a  traine  with  a  tame  deare, 
with  such  twinings  and  doubles,  that  the  hounds  could  not  take  it  faster  than  his 
Majestic  proceeded ;  yet  still,  by  the  Industrie  of  the  huntsman,  and  the  sub- 
tilitie  of  him  that  made  the  traine  in  a  full-mouthed  crie  all  the  way,  neuer  far- 
ther distant  than  one  close  from  the  highway,  whereby  his  Highnesse  rid,  and  for 
the  most  part  directly  against  his.  Majestic,  whom,  together  with  the  whole  com- 
panie, had  the  Ice  winde  from  the  hounds,  to  the  end  they  might  the  better  per- 
ceue  and  iudge  of  the  vniformitie  in  the  cries. — After  his  Majestic  was  come  from 
Kingsland,  there  begun  a  division  amongst  the  people  which  way  his  Highnesse 

1  "  The  name  of  King,"  says  Howes,  "  was  very  strange,  being  full  50  years  since  there  was  a  Kin;; 
in  England.  The  King  as  much  admired  at  the  infinite  numbers  of  people  that  continually  met 
him  in  his  journey  ;  albeit  the  former  numbers  were  no  waves  comparable  unto  those  he  met  near 
London." 


140    SAVILE'S  ACCOUNT  OF  THE  JUNG'S  PASSING  THROUGH  ISLINGTON,  1603. 

would  take  when  he  came  at  Islington,  but  in  fine  he  came  the  higher  way  ',  by  the 
West  end  of  the  Church ;  which  streete  hath  euer  since  been,  and  I  gesse  ever  wilbe, 
called  Kings-street,  by  the  inhabitants  of  the  same.  When  his  Highnes  had 
passed  Islington,  and  another  place  called  New-rents3,  and  entred  into  a  close  called 
ff'ood's-close'2,  by  a  way  that  was  cut  of  purpose  through  the  banck,  for  hisMajestie's 
more  convenient  passage  into  the  Charter-house-garden,  the  people  that  were 
there  assembled,  I  compare  to  nothing  more  conveniently  then  to  imagine  euery 
grasse  to  have  been  metamorphosed  into  a  man,  in  a  moment,  the  multitude  was 
so  marvellous,  amongste  whome  were  the  Children  of  the  Hospital3  singing,  orderly 
placed  for  his  Majestie's  comming  along  through  them,  but  all  displaced  by  rea- 
son of  the  rudenesse  of  such  a  multitude.  After  his  Majestie  was  come  amongst 
the  presse  of  the  people,  the  shouts  and  clamours  were  so  great,  that  one  could 
scarce  heare  another  speake,  and  though  there  were  no  hope  to  finde  what  was 
lost,  especially  by  the  loser;  notwithstanding  in  token  of  excessive  ioy,  inwardly 
conceaued  in  the  hart,  many  threw  up  their  hats.  Now  at  last  he  is  entred  into 
the  Garden,  from  which  time  till  his  going  to  the  Tower,  mine  eies  were  never 
blest  with  his  encounter4.  Now  he  is  amongst  vs,  God  long  preserve  him  ouer 
vs,  whose  presence  makes  old  men  sing,  Satis  se  vixisse  se  visa! 


A  Salutatorie  Poem  to  the  Majestie  of  King  JAMES. 

Haile,  Mortal  God,  England's  true  Joy,  great  King ; 
All  haile!     They  comming  forceth  my  Muse  to  sing, 
Too  forward,  so  untutor'd  in  these  laies, 
Unfit  to  blazon  Kings  befitting  praise. 
Yet  nerethelesse  I'm  forc'd  perforce  to  write, 
Some  furie  doth  my  head,  my  hand  incite. 

Antiquitie  hath  taught  anent  that  day 
That  English  harts  first  for  your  state  did  pray, 
The  Angell  Gabriell,  from  JEHOVAH  sent, 
Told  to  the  creature  what  her  Maker  ment ; 
How  she  a  Maiden  Wife  should  beare  a  Sonne, 
Mankinde's  sole  Saviour  when  we  were  undone. 

1  The  old  name  of  "  the  higher  way,"  or  "  Upper-street,"  is  still  in  use ;  but  "  King-street"  is  only 
retained  in  the  name  of  an  old  Tavern,  "  The  King's  Head." — At  the  time  King  James  passed  through 
Islington,  what  is  now  the  "  Pied  Bull  Inn"  was  the  mansion  of  Sir  Walter  Raleigh. 

'  At  the  distance  of  22O  years,  it  is  not  easy  to  ascertain  the  precise  situation  of  these  "  New 
Rents." — Islington  did  not  then  join  Clerkenwell ;  and  the  street  now  called  "  Wood's  Close"  was  then 
a  field,  on  or  near  which  many  hundred  houses  have  since  been  built. 

1  Blue-coat  Boys  from  Christ's  Hospital. 

<  The  expence  of  his  Majesty  and  Train,  in  his  journey  from  Scotland,  appears,  from  an  authenticated 
statement,  to  have  been  ^.10,752.  The  Funeral  Charges  of  Queen  Elizabeth  were  jg.17,498. 


SAVILE'S  SALUTATORY  POEM  TO  KING  JAMES,  1603.  141 

This  blest  cue  of  the  blest  Annunciation 

Was  first  day  of  your  Highnesse  Proclamation  ' ; 

What  hopes,  what  haps,  this  Proclamation  brings, 

Is  cause  efficient  why  our  Muses  sings. 

"  Hail ;  full  of  grace!"  begins  the  Salutation, 

Striking  the  blest  with  deepest  admiration  ; 

Half  daunted  first,  then  straight  no  whit  dismay 'd. 

Mildly  made  answere:  "  Be't  as  my  Lord  hath  said!" 

Look  what  surpassing  solace,  joy  without  measure, 

Possest  her  soul  for  this  celestial  treasure ; 

Entombing  in  her  wombe  our  Saviour  deare, 

Deign'd  only  worthie,  man's  sauing  health  to  beare ; 

The  like  and  more  (if  more  or  like  could  bee) 

Possest  our  soules,  longing  so  long  for  thee. 

She  blest  the  Author  of  her  good,  th'  Incarnate  Word, 
Singing,  "  My  soul  doth  magnifie  my  Lord  !" 
At  tidings  of  your  Proclamation  wee, 
In  hands,  in  hats,  in  harts  did  all  agree; 

The  World  hath  our  applause,  Heavens  have  our  hartie  praying, 
Your  selfe  hands,  hats,  and  harts  from  you  nere  straying. 
The  fruit  which  came  by  th*  Angel's  Avk  t'  all 
Is  easily  gathered  by  ould  Adam's  fall, 
The  World,  the  Flesh,  the  Deuell,  each  one  our  foe, 
By  Av£  had  their  final  overthrow. 
The  fruit  we  hope  to  reape  by  "  God  saue  th'  King !" 
Which  England's  Counsell  to  the  World  did  ring, 
'Pon  that  same  daye's  doubtlesse  beyond  compare; 
Your  selfe  in  vertue,  learning,  valour,  rare. 

Gabriel!,  why  staist?  Angel,  why  art  thou  slacke? 
Tell  mee,  Eternall  Messenger,  what  holds  thee  backe? 
To  take  thy  wings  leave,  IJerni-deitie, 
And  bid  "  God  save  King  James's  Majestic !" 
Sith  thou'rt  create  to  tell  thy  Maker's  minde, 
And  for  no  other  end  wert  first  assign'd  3. 

Old  Homer  writes,  a  silly  Dogge  could  say 
Welcome  to  's  Master,  agag  x»vo|xev»j; 
Persius  hath  told  us,  for  great  Caesar's  sake, 
A  speechless  Parrate  XaTgs  to 's  welcome  spake ; 
What  shall  our  harts  deuise,  or  hands  set  downe, 
Worthie  thy  great  (O  worthiest  King)  renowne  ? 
But  thousand  of  welcomes,  millions  of  XaTgsj  send, 
Plaudites  numberlesse,  shouts  wanting  end; 

'  The  King  was  proclaimed  on  Lady-day,  the  25th  of  March. 

'  This  mixture  of  sacred  and  profane,  is  highly  censurable ;  but  it  was  the  fashion  of  the  age  in 
which  this  "  Salutation"  was  written,  and  the  flattery  was  not  offensive  to  the  pedantic  Monarch. 


142  SAVILE'S  SALUTATORY  POEM  TO  KING  JAMES,  1603. 

Should  we  not  this  doe,  thanklesse  were  we  then, 
But  oft  it 's  scene  Beasts  are  more  kind  than  Men. 
Witnesse  old  Bardus'  Ape,  freed  from  the  pit, 
That  held  a  Senatour  and  Snake  within  it ; 
Adrian  had  promis'd  Bardus  half  of  all 
His  goods,  to  rid  him  from  his  hunting  fall ; 
Poore  man  vntide  his  trusse,  let  downe  his  rope, 
To  pull  out  Adrian  first  was  all  his  hope; 
The  Ape,  espying  it,  out  of  the  prison  burst, 
Clipping  the  line  in  's  armes,  was  hail'd  up  first. 
Bardus  lets  down  his  cord  the  second  time, 
Entending  Adrian  thereby  should  clime; 
When  it  was  come  downe  neere  to  th'  imprisonyng  ground, 
The  Serpent  close  himselfe  about  it  wound ; 
He  was  releas'd  the  next,  whom  Bardus  seeing 
Ran  all  agast,  hoping  t'  escape  by  fleeing. 
Lastly  the  Senatour  fast  by  it  caught, 
Releas'd,  ne'er  thank'd  him  for  the  deed  he  wrought, 
Th'  aforesaid  two,  wanting  words,  reason,  arte, 
Did  seuerall  duties  to  him  in  their  heart. 
In  thankfulnesse  poor  Ape  did  give  him  wood; 
A  precious  stone  for  his  receaued  good 
The  Serpent  gave  him.     Thus  we  plainly  see, 
For  good  receav'd,  thankfull  dumb  creatures  bee. 
Why  doe  I  instant  in  ungrateful  I  man  ? 
Sith  all  are  prest  to  doe,  say,  show — the  best  they  can, 
To  entertaine  England's  undoubted  King, 
James,  first  of  that  name,  to  his  owne  to  bring. 
Doe  not  our  parrats,  Persius,  equall  thine? 
When  one  'rnongst  many  so  truelie  could  devine, 
Could  augurize  aright,  foresee,  foresay, 
A  full  month  since,  bidding  King  James  good  day. 
Unseene  of  most,  hearing  his  only  name, 
Tells  in  the  streetes,  reckes  not  her  teacher's  blame ; 
Naming  him  twentie  tymes  at  least  together, 
Ceasing  no  longer  than  oyling  of  a  feather, 
Twixt  each  "  King  James,"  or  "  King,"  or  "  good,"  or  "  day  ;' 
And  oft,  poore  foole,  she  totally  will  pray 
Withouten  ceasing,  utter  the  whole  throughout, 
To  th'  admiration  of  the  gazing  rout; 
I  cannot  deeme  it  now  gulling  toye, 

Which  Pennard1  (inspir'd)  intitul'd,  "  England's  Joye." 
I  rather  gcsse  he  did  our  good  devine, 
Not  daring  to  disclose  before  full  time ; 
Be  bold,  goe  on,  nowe  's  thy  praesaging  plaine, 
King  James  is  England's  joy,  long  hoped-for  gaine  ; 

1  Of  Richard  Vennard,  see  Queen  Elizabeth's  Progresses,  vol.  III.  p.  532. 


SAVILE'S  SALUTATORY  POEM  TO  KING  JAMES,  1603.  143 

That  it  is  hee,  who  cannot  easely  prove? 

Sith  it  is  onely  hee,  we  only  love, 

'Tis  hee  that  England's  joy  did  first  awake, 

After  sad  sorrowing  for  Elizae's  sake. 

Then  reck  no  clownish  frumps,  regard  them  nought. 

Banish  such  fooleries  from  thy  purer  thought; 

Wee  know  the  fruit,  sprung  from  foreknowing  pen, 

King  James  is  England's  joy,  say  all — "  Amen." 

Tokens  of  England's  joy  who  list  to  seeke, 

That  night  might  find  them  strew'd  in  London  streete; 

Making  the  night  a  day,  Phoebe  a  Sunne. 

This  was  the  first  signe  when  our  joy  begun ; 

Continued  still  t'  England's  endless  good, 

In  happie  issue  of  your  Royall  blood. 

Make  haste  to  make  vs  happie,  worthie  King, 
Our  Muse  desires  to  write  th'enthronizing 
At  Westminster,  in  thy  Elder's  chaire, 
Where  England's  Peeres  will  yield  our  Crowne  to  th'  Heire. 
To  th'  Heire  legitimate,  yourselfe,  dread  Soveraigne, 
Wishing  your  happie  and  victorious  Raigne. 
Besides,  a  traine  of  Kingdomes  are  your  owne; 
Possesse  them  all  possessing  England's  Crowne; 
Fraunce  and  froward  Ireland,  with  our  English  land, 
Are  feall  subjects  to  your  Royall  hand. 
Besides  your  sacred  selfe  doth  bring  with  you 
A  Kingdome  neuer  knit  to  these  till  now, 
As  Carnden's  Brittaine  tells,  since  Brutus' daies  i 
Then  let  vs  thanke  our  God,  sing  roundelaies. 

England,  rejoyce,  "  Saint  George  for  England"  shout; 
For  "^  ioy,  Saint  Denis,"  crie  all  Fraunce  throughout. 
Double  thy  joyes,  6  Albion  ;  harke,  Cambrian  banks, 
God  hath  enrich'd  you  with  a  Prince,  give  heartie  thanks. 
You,  that  of  long  had  Lords  in  judgement  sit, 
Deciding  causes  for  your  Countrie  fit; 
Clap  hands,  sing  16,  chaungd  is  your  Gouernment, 
Our  King's  deare  Son  's  your  Prince,  your  President. 
"  Saint  David,"  ring  for  joy,  set  up  your  leeke, 
Your  prayers  are  heard,  you  haue  got  you  long  did  seeke, 
Brave  Henrie  Fredericke,  that  Imperiall  Name, 
I  gesse  from  his  Nativitie  foretold  the  same ; 
Thrice  happie  in  his  threefold  name  are  you, 
Henrie,  bould  Fredericke,  is  a  Steward  true. 
How  well  these  titles  with  your  names  agree; 
You  almost  all  (at  least)  possessing  three! 
Welcome  then  hartely,  welcome,  braue  Prince  Henrie  ,• 
Sing  carols  for  his  sake,  keepe  wakes,  bee  merrie. 


144  SAVILE'S  SALUTATORY  POEM  TO  KING  JAMES,  1603. 

Irefull  cold  Ireland,  cease  from  thy  rage  at  last, 

To  yeeld  subjection  to  thy  King  make  haste; 

Sound  out  "  Saint  Patricke  ;"  Scotland,  "  Saint  Andrew"  sing; 

King  James  is  England's,  Scotland's,  Fraunce,  Ireland's  King. 

What  can  I  add  to  eke  our  joyes  withall, 

Sith  James  is  King  of  all,  contained  in  all; 

But  haste,  deere  King;  ease  our  expecting  minde, 

Unstaied  while  your  Highnesse  staies  behinde; 

Indeede  ne'er  trulie  staled,  'till  wee  you  greete, 

With  XaT^s  Bao-«XEU£  in  London  street. 

Nor  then,  indeede, 'till  wee  doe  all  resort 

To  see  your  face  shining  in  England's  Court, 

And  then  (O  but  till  then  make  haste)  your  Grace  shall  see 

Your  stranger  subjects  faithfull  loyaltie. 
Now  to  returne  where  first  I  did  beginne, 

'Mongst  all  estates  Poets  haue  cause  to  sing 

King  James's  welcome;  for  hee  doth  excell, 

As  his  Lepantho  and  his  Furies  tell, 

In  Poesie  all  Kings  in  Christendome. 

Then  welcome  him,  quick  spirits,  blush  to  be  dumbe ; 

And  pardon  him  that  boldlie  makes  this  suite, 

Forc'd  by  some  Furie,  scornes  to  bee  longer  mute. 

Reioyce,  your  Patron  is  your  Countrie's  King; 

Judge,  of  all  States,  haue  not  you  cause  to  sing? 

For  shame  then  rouse  your  spirits,  wake  for  shame ; 

Give  Caesar's  due,  acquit  yourselues  from  blame; 

All  wish  his  welcome  'mongst  all  sorts  of  men, 

Save  onelie  such  as  are  past  sixtie-ten; 

These  wayward  old-ones  grudge  to  leave  behind 

What  our  succeeding  age  is  sure  to  finde, 

The  peace,  the  plentie,  pleasure,  and  such-like  gaine, 

Which  we  are  sure  t'  enjoy  in  James's  Raigne. 

Wishing  would  he  had  liv'd  in  their  youth's  prime ; 

Or  old  age  would  returne  to  ten  and  nyne ; 

Were  they  but  nyneteene  who  have  nyntie  seene, 

Then  would  they  wish  to  see  King  James  and  's  Queene: 

And  so  indeed  they  doe;  the  whitest  heads 

That  liv'd  in  antique  tyme,  and  pray'd  on  beades  ; 

These  holiest  fathers  craue  no  longer  lyfe, 

Then  once  to  seek  King  James,  his  Queene  and  Wyfe. 

With  hands  uprear'd,  giving  JEHOVAH  praise, 

That  length  their  lives,  to  see  his  happie  daies  : — 

That  these  his  happie  daies  full  grace  may  bring, 

Let  English  hearts  crie  all,  "  God  saue  our  King!" 


LETTER    FROM    LORD    CECIL   TO    SIR    JOHN    HARINGTON,   l6o3-  H5 

Soon  after  the  King's  quitting  Theobalds,  the  following  particulars  of  the 
Royal  Visit  were  sent  by  Lord  Cecil1  to  Sir  John  Harington: 

"  MY  NOBLE  KNIGHT,  May  29,  1603. 

"  My  thankes  come  with  your  papers  and  wholesome  Statutes  for  your  Father's 
Household  2.  I  shall,  as  far  as  in  me  lieth,  patterne3  the  same,  and  give  good 
hede,  for  the  due  observance  thereof  in  my  own  state.  Your  Father  doth  much 
affect  such  prudence;  nor  doth  his  Sonne  lesse  followe  his  fairc  sample  of  worth, 
learnynge,  and  honor.  I  shall  not  fail  to  keep  your  grace  and  favor  quick  and 
lively  in  the  Kinge's  breast,  as  far  as  good  discretion  guideth  me,  so  as  not  to 
hazard  my  own  reputation  for  humble  suinge,  rather  than  bold  and  forward  en- 

1  In  an  earlier  Letter  (April  2?)  Lord  (then  Sir  Robert)  Cecil  thus  writes  to  Sir  Thomas  Parry,  then 
Ambassador  in  France:  "1  doe  further  acquaint  you,  that  since  his  Majesties  proclayming  to  this 
Crowne,  there  hath  not  so  much  as  one  only  opposition,  in  word  or  deed,  ben  made  against  him,  such 
being  the  concurrency  of  all  sortes  of  people,  in and  mind,  to  acknowledg  his  Majesties  un- 
doubted right,  and  to  yeald  him  their  most  willing  obedience.  In  so  much  as  there  cannot  be  imagined 

in  the  world  a  greater  demonstration  of  God's  singuler  goodness  towards that  wee  are  now 

so  strangely  and  unexpectedly  made  the  spectacle  of  happines  and  felicity,  in  enjoying  so  quietly  and 
peaceably  of  such  a  Prince,  whome,  with  Salomon,  we  may  just  call  a  wise  aud  understanding  Prince, 
and  one  by  whose  long  experience  in  Princely  Governement,  and  all  Princely  ver'.ues,  wee  may  justly 
promise  our  selfs  all  future  happyuess.  His  Majesty  is  now  come  on  his  journey  hetherwards,  as  fair 
as  Burghley  Howse,  and  on  Tuesday  next  is  expected  at  my  howse  at  Theobalds,  from  thence  he  comes 
to  Charter-howse  to  my  Lord  Thonias  Howard's,  and  so  to  the  Tower  of  London.  His  Coronation  is 
deferred  tyll  the  25  of  July  next,  agains.t  w<=l>  tynic,  the  Queen  his  wyf,  and  his  two  eldest  children 
that  are  fittest  to  travell  arc  lyke  to  be  here  present.  To-morrow,  being  Thursday,  wee  doe  solemni-e 
the  Funeral  at  Westminster  of  her  late  Majesty  ;  of  most  happy  memory,  and  then  the  Nobilily  and 
State  prepareth  to  goe  to  meet  the  King,  and  to  conduct  him  to  London.  Oue  thing  I  had  almost 
forgotten  to  tell  you,  whereof  happily  you  may  hear  that  it  is  true  that  his  Majesty,  as  he  was  a 
hunting,  got  a  fall  off  his  horse ;  but,  God  be  thanked,  he  hath  no  harme  at  at  all  by  it,  and  it  is  no 
more  than  may  befall  any  other  great  and  oxtreame  ryder,  as  he  is,  at  least  once  every  moneth.  I 
thought  good  to  give  you  notice  of  this,  to  prevent  all  bruit  and  rumours  wch  com'only  encrease  M 
they  goe,  and  are  reported  at  the  worst."  Cotton  MSS.  E.  x.  p.  91?. — In  the  same  Volume  (which 
has  been  much  damaged  by  fire)  is  a  Letter  from  the  King  to  Sir  Thomas  Parry,  dated  "Topclyffe, 
April  15;"  announcing  the  Queen's  death  and  his  own  succession  to  the  Throne.  This  was  accom- 
panied by  a  Letter  in  French  to  the  King  of  France,  notifying  his  accession.  He  wrote  again  to 
Henry  IV.  and  Sir  Thonias  Parry,  from  Burleigh,  on  April  95. 

*  "Orders  for  Household  Servants;  first  devised  by  John  Harington  in  the  year  1566;  and 
renewed  by  John  Harington,  son  of  the  said  John,  in  the  year  1592;  the  second  John  being  then 
High  Sheriff  of  the  County  of  Somerset,"  printed  in  "  Nugce  Antiquce,"  vol.  I.  p.  1O5. 

1  i.  e.  make  the  same  a  pattern  or  example. 

VOL.  I.  U 


146  LETTER    FROM    LORD    CECIL    TO    SIR   JOHN    HARINGTON,  160$. 

treaties.  You  know  all  my  former  steppes,  good  Knyght,  reste  content,  and  giue 
heed  to  one  that  hath  sorrowed  in  the  bright  lustre  of  a  Courte,  and  gone  heavilv 
even  to  the  beste  seeminge  faire  grounde.  'Tis  a  great  task  to  prove  one's  honestye, 
and  yet  not  spoil  one's  fortune.  You  have  tasted  a  little  hereof  in  our  blessed 
Queen's  tyme,  who  was  more  than  a  man,  and  (in  troth)  some  time  lesse  than  a 
woman.  I  wishe  I  waited  now  in  her  Presence-chamber,  with  ease  at  my  foode, 
and  reste  in  my  bedde.  I  am  pushed  from  the  shore  of  comforte,  and  know  not 
wher  the  wyndes  and  waves  of  a  Court  will  bear  me.  I  know  it  bringeth  little 
comforte  on  earthe,  and  he  is,  I  reckon,  no  wise  man  that  looketh  this  waye  to  Hea- 
ven. We  have  muche  stirre  about  counsels,  and  more  about  honors.  Many 
Knyghts  were  made  at  Theobalds  during  the  Kinge's  staye  at  myne  house,  and 
more  to  be  made  in  the  Citie.  My  Father  had  muche  wisdome  in  directing  the 
State;  and  I  wish  I  could  beare  my  part  so  discretely  as  he  did.  Farewel,  good 
Ivnyght,  but  never  come  nere  London  till  I  call  you.  Too  much  crowdinge  doth 
not  well  for  a  cripple,  and  the  Kynge  dothe  finde  scante  roome  to  sit  himself,  he 
hath  so  many  Friends  as  they  choosed  to  be  called,  and  Heaven  prove  they  lye 
not  in  the  ende.  In  trouble,  hurrying,  feigning,  suing,  and  such-like  matters. 
"  I  nowe  reste  Your  true  Friende,  CECIL'." 


Previous  to  the  King's  departure  from  Scotland,  he  addressed  the  following 
Letter  to  his  Son  Prince  Henry2,  who  had  then  just  entered  his  tenth  year,  and 
had  been  placed  from  infancy  under  the  immediate  guardianship  of  the  Earl  of 
Marr3,  and  his  mother  the  Countess  Dowager  of  Marr;  with  the  addition,  in  1595, 
of  an  excellent  Tutor,  Adam  Newton4,  who  was  thoroughly  qualified  for  that 

1  Son  to  the  celebrated  Lord  Burleigh  by  his  second  marriage.  He  was  knighted  by  Queen  Eliza- 
beth in  1591 ;  and  created,  by  King  James,  Baron  of  Essenden,  May  13, 1(303  ;  Viscount  Cranbourne, 
1604;  and  Earl  of  Salisbury,  1605.  He  filled  the  important  office  of  Secretary  of  State  during  the  latter 
part  of  Elizabeth's  and  the  early  part  of  James's  Reign;  and  died  May  24,  1612,  worn  out  with 
business  (says  Sir  Egerton  Brydges)  before  his  fiftieth  year.  See  Memoirs  of  the  Peers  of  England, 
I.  p.  479. — Of  his  correspondence  with  King  James  during  the  life  of  Elizabeth,  see  before,  p.  110. 
Dr.  Kippis  remarks,  in  his  Addenda  to  the  Life  of  Lord  Salisbury,  that  "  this  Letter  expresses,  in  a  strik- 
ing manner,  the  infelicity  of  a  Courtier's  life-time,  and  the  dangers  to  which  his  virtue  is  exposed." 

*  This  hopeful  Prince  was  born  Feb.  19,  1593-4;  and  the  pompous  Ceremonial  of  his  Baptism, 
August  30,  1594,  may  be  seen  in  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  III.  p.  353}  and  that  of 
his  Brother,  Prince  Charles,  in  1600,  ibid.  p.  526. 

3  See  before,  p.  107-  4  Who  will  be  more  fully  noticed  under  the  year  1605-6. 


LETTER    FROM    KING    JAMES    TO    PRINCE    HENRY,    l603-  1*7 

office,  both  by  his  genius  and  his  skill  in  the  learned  and  other  Languages ;  nor 
were  his  instructions  lost  upon  the  Royal  Pupil,  whose  capacity  and  application 
soon  gave  him  a  relish  for  polite  and  useful  knowledge,  and  enabled  him  to  make 
a  progress  in  it  rarely  equalled  at  his  age. 

'•'  My  Sonne;  That  I  see  you  not  before  my  pairting,  impute  it  to  this  great 
occasion  quhairin  tyme  is  sa  preciouse,  but  that  shall,  by  Goddis  grace,  be 
recompencid  by  youre  cutnming  to  me  shortlie,  and  continuall  residence  with  me 
ever  after ;  lett  not  this  newis  make  you  proude  or  insolent,  for  a  King's  sonne 
and  heire  was  ye  before,  and  na  maire  are  ye  yett ;  the  augmentation  that  is  heirby 
lyke  to  fall  unto  you,  is  but  in  caires  and  heavie  burthens,  be  thairfore  merrie,  but 
not  insolent;  keepe  a  greatnes,  but  sinefastu;  be  resolute,  but  not  willfull;  keepe 
youre  kyndnes,  but  in  honorable  sorte;  choose  nane  to  be  your  playe  fellowis  but 
thaime  that  are  well  borne;  and,  above  all  things,  give  never  good  countenance  to 
any  but  according  as  ye  shall  be  informed  that  they  are  in  estimation  with  me ; 
Jooke  upon  all  Englishe  men  that  shall  cum  to  visite  you  as  upon  youre  loving 
subiectis,  not  with  that  ceremonie  as  towardis  straingeris,  and  yett  with  suche  har- 
tines  as  at  this  tyme  they  deserve;  this  Gentleman,  qwhom  this  bearare  accom- 
panies, is  vvorthie  and  of  guide  ranke,  and  nou  rny  familiare  servitoure,  use  him 
thairfore  in  a  maire  hamelie  louing  sorte  nor  otheris.  I  sende  you  herewith  my 
booke  latelie  prentid  ',  studdie  and  profile  in  it  as  ye  wolde  deserve  my  blessing, 
and  as  thaire  can  na  thing  happen  unto  you  quhairof  ye  will  not  finde  the  generall 
gronnde  thairin,  if  not  the  ucrrie  particulaire  pointe  touched,  sa  mon  ye  leuell 
euerie  mannis  opinions  or  aduyces  unto  you  as  ye  finde  thaime  agree  or  discorde 
with  the  reulis  thaire  sett  doun,  allowing  and  following  thaire  aduyses  that  agrees 
with  the  same,  mistrusting  and  frowning  upon  theime  that  aduyses  you  to  the 
contraire;  be  diligent  and  earnist  in  yonre  studdies,  that  at  youre  meiting  with  me 
1  m aye  praise  you  for  youre  progresse  in  learning;  be  obedient  to  youre  maister 

1  The  Prince  had  scarcely  entered  his  sixth  year,  when  the  King  composed  for  his  use  the  best, 
perhaps,  of  all  his  works,  first  published  in  1599  at  Edinburgh,  under  the  title  of  "BAZIA1KON 
AOPON,  or  hit  M<ijfsty't  Instructions  to  his  dearest  Son,  Henry  the  Prince."  It  is  divided  into  three 
books  ;  the  first  instructing  the  Prince  in  his  duty  towards  God ;  the  second  in  his  duty  when  be 
should  be  King ;  and  the  third  informing  him  how  to  behave  himself  in  indifferent  things,  which 
were  neither  riirht  nor  wrong,  but  according  as  they  were  rightly  or  wrongly  used :  and  yet  would 
serve,  according  to  his  behaviour,  to  increase  his  authority  and  reputation  among  the  people. — Pre- 
fixed to  the  work  is  a  Preface,  signed  "JAMES  R. ;"  and  the  following  dignified  «pecimen  of  the 


148  LETTER    FROM   KING   JAMES   TO    PRINCE    HENRY,  1603- 

for  youre  awin  weill,  and  to  procure  my  thankis,  for  in  reuerencing  him  ye  obeye 
me,  and  honoure  youre  self.     Fairwell. 

"  Youre  louing  Father l, 


King's  poetic  talent  was  also  prefixed;  which  Bishop  Percy  (in  his  "  Reliques,"  vol.  11.  p.  312)  de- 
clares could  not  disgrace  any  writer  of  that  time : 

"  God  gives  not  Kings  the  stile  of  Gods  in  vain. 

For  on  His  Throne  His  sceptre  do  they  sway ; 

And  as  their  subjects  ought  them  to  obey, 
So  Kings  should  feare  and  serve  their  God  againe. 
If  then  ye  would  enjoy  a  happie  reigne, 

Observe  the  statutes  of  our  Heavenly  King  ; 

And  from  His  law,  make  all  your  laws  to  spring, 
Since  His  Lieutenant  here  you  should  remaine. 
Rewarde  the  just,  be  stedfast,  true,  and  plaine, 

Represse  the  proud,  mainteyning  aye  the  right ; 

Walke  always  so,  as  ever  in  His  sight, 
Who  guardes  the  godly,  plaguing  the  prophane. 
And  so  ye  shall  in  Princely  virtues  shine, 
Resembling  right  your  mightie  King  divine." 

The  "  Basilicon  Doron"  was  re-printed  in  London  in  1603,  and  turned  into  Latin  quatrains  by 
Peacham,  and  ornamented  with  emblematical  figures.  It  was  partly  translated  in  Latin  and  Eng- 
lish verse  also  by  William  Willymot,  under  the  title  of  "  Speculum  Principis  ;  a  Prince's  Looking-glasse, 
or  a  Prince's  Direction.  Printed  at  Cambridge,  1603."  A  Translation  into  French  was  also  published 
soon  after. — The  manuscript  copy  presented  to  Prince  Henry,  is  in  Reg.  MS.  12  A.  LXVI.  "  In  this 
book,"  says  Camden,  "  is  most  elegantly  pourtrayed  and  set  forth  the  pattern  of  a  most  excellent 
and  every  way  accomplished  King.  Incredible  it  is  how  many  hearts  and  affections  he  won  unto  him 
by  his  correcting  of  it,  and  what  an  expectation  of  himself  he  raised  amongst  all  men,  even  to  admira- 
tion." Archbishop  Spotswood  also  regards  it  as  having  contributed  more  to  facilitate  the  accession  of 
James  to  the  Throne  of  England,  than  all  the  discourses  published  by  other  writers  in  his  favour. 
Lord  Bacon  considered  it  as  excellently  written,  and  Mr.  Locke  pronounced  its  author,  "  that  learned 
King  who  well  understood  the  nature  of  things."  Hume  says,  "whoever  will  read  the  'Basilicon 
Doron,'  particularly  the  two  last  books,  will  confess  James  to  have  possessed  no  mean  genius ;  and 
Mr.  Andrews  terms  it  a  "  well-written  treatise  on  the  arts  of  government,  clothed  in  as  pure  a  style 
as  the  age  would  admit;  and  not  more,  chargeable  with  pedantry  than  contemporary  books  of  a 
serious  kind."  Royal  and  Noble  Authors,  edited  by  Park,  vol.  I.  p.  126. 

1  From  the  Original  in  the  British  Museum,  Harl.  MSS.  69S6. 


LETTER    FROM    PRINCE    HENRY   TO    KING   JAMES,   l60$.  14.9 

The  Prince,  in  a  Latin  Letter  of  congratulation  to  the  King  on  this  great  event, 
observed,  "that  though  he  entertained  no  doubt  but  that  the  people  of  England 
would  call  his  Majesty  to  the  Throne  of  it,  from  a  true  regard  for  his  great  merits 
with  respect  to  that  State,  to  the  dignity  of  his  Family,  and  to  the  hereditary  right  of 
succession  ;  yet  he  had  received  an  incredible  satisfaction,  upon  hearing  that  this 
honour  had  been  conferred  upon  his  Majesty  with  such  zeal  and  unanimity  of  the 
whole  Nation;  but  that,  being  apprehensive  lest  this  sudden  event  might  pre- 
vent his  Majesty  from  having  any  opportunity  of  seeing  him,  which  the  Prince 
could  have  much  wished  for,  he  thought  it  his  duty  to  testify  in  writing  his  joy  on 
this  occasion.  That,  if  the  weakness  of  his  age  would  not  permit  him  to  do  that 
service  to  his  Majesty  which  he  desired,  he  would  most  willingly  perform  what 
was  in  his  power,  by  daily  praying  to  God  to  give  success  to  his  Majesty's  Go- 
vernment, and  that  he  might  administer  it  suitably  to  his  own  dignity  and  that  of 
his  ancestors,  and  to  the  expectations  of  all  his  Countrymen ;  and  he  did  not 
question  but  that,  from  this  accession  of  dominion,  himself  should  find  an  addi- 
tion to  his  Majesty's  former  affection  ;  which  that  he  might  deserve  by  all  instances 
of  duty  and  reverence,  he  would  not  cease  to  implore  the  Almighty,  whom  he 
besought  to  be  the  guide  of  his  Majesty  in  his  present  journey,  and  his  perpetual 
companion,  protector,  and  support  hereafter." 

The  Original  is  here  subjoined,  as  a  specimen  of  his  Latinity  ': 
"  Rex  serenissime  et  amantissime  pater.  Etsi  mihi  dubium  non  fuit  quin  Ma- 
jestatem  tuam  populus  Anglicanus  pro  tuis  summis  in  earn  rempublicam  mentis, 
pro  amplissima  familia?  dignitate,  proque  haereditario  successionis  jure,  Regem 
facturus  esset,  tamen  incredibili  laetitia  sum  affect  us,  cum  mihi  nunciatum  est  tain 
vehement!  omnium  studio  tantaque  suffragiorum  conspiratione  eum  honorem  Ma- 
jestatem  tuae  esse  dilatum.  Et  quoniam  verebar,  ne  subitus  hie  casus  Majestati 
tuaeeriperet  facultatem  videndi  mei,  quod  tamen  esset  mihi  exoptatissimum,  putavi 
esse  officii  mei  gratulationem  meam  scripto  testari.  Quod  si  per  aetatis  infirmi- 
tatem  mihi  non  licet  rebus  gerendis  obsequium  atque  operam  earn  navare  Majes- 
tati tuae,  quam  expetit  animus;  saltern  hoc,  quod  reliquum  est,  praestato  luben- 
tissimi,  nimirum,  vota  apud  Deum  assidu&  interponam,  ut  hunc  honorem  velit 
fortunare,  atque  a  tua  Majestate,  turn  ex  tua  majorumque  dignitate,  turn  pro 
omnium  popularium  expectatione,  administrari.  Neque  dubito  quin  ab  hac 
amplitudinis  accessione  ctiam  magnus  ad  pristinum  erga  me  amorem  cumulus 
1  Copied  from  the  Appendix  to  Dr.  Birch's  Life  of  Prince  Henry,  p.  412. 


150  THE    KING'S    RESIDENCE    IN    THE    TOWER    OF    LONDON,   l6t>3. 

accedet,  quern  ut  omnibus  debiti  cultus  ac  reverentiae  officiis  demereri  possim, 
eundem  Deum  rogare  non  desinam,  quern  Majestati  tuae  in  praesentia  itineris 
ducem,  et  deinceps  perpetuum  comitern,  custodem,  et  adminiculatorem  ex  animo 


voveo." 


The  Prince  wrote  also  the  following  Letter  to  the  Queen  his  Mother1 : 

"  MADAME,  AND  MOST  HONOURED  MOTHER, 

"  My  humble  service  remembered,  having  occasion  to  write  to  the  King's  Ma- 
jesty my  Father  by  this  accident,  which  has  fallen  out  of  late,  I  thought  it 
became  me  of  my  duty  by  writ  also  to  congratulate  unto  your  Majesty  the  happy 
success  of  that  great  turn  almost  above  men's  expectation ;  the  which  I  beseech 
God  to  bless  in  the  proceedings,  as  He  has  done  the  beginning,  to  the  greater 
increase  of  your  Majesty's  honour  and  contentment.  And  seeing  by  his  Majesty's 
departing,  I  will  lose  that  benefit  which  I  had  by  his  frequent  visitation,  I  must 
humbly  request  your  Majesty  to  supply  that  inlack  by  your  presence,  which  I  have 
the  more  just  cause  to  crave,  that  I  have  wanted  it  so  long,  to  my  great  grief  and 
displeasure;  to  the  end  that  your  Majesty  by  sight  may  have,  as  I  hope,  the 
.greater  matter  to  love  me,  and  I  likewise  may  be  encouraged  to  go  forward  in  well 
doing,  and  to  honour  your  Majesty  with  all  due  reverence,  as  appertains  to  me, 
who  is  your  Majesty's  most  obedient  and  dutiful  Son,  HENRY." 

On  the  second  of  May,  the  day  on  which  the  King  was  entertained  by  his  Cof- 
ferer Sir  Henry  Cocks,  at  Broxbourn,  where  he  was  first  met  by  many  of  his 
Ministers  and  other  Members  of  the  Council  of  State,  he  issued  a  Writ  of  Privy 
Seal  constituting  William  Herrick  2,  Citizen  of  London,  in  consideration  of  his 

1  Harl.  MSS.7007. 

*  As  this  Officer  made  a  conspicuous  figure  in  the  Reigns  both  of  Elizabeth  and  James,  and  will  be 
more  than  once  noticed  in  the  subsequent  pages,  his  patent  shall  be  given,  as  a  specimen  of  the  others  -. 

"  De  Concessione  Officii  Jewellarii  Regis. 

"  Rex  omnibus,  ad  quos,  &c.  Salutem.  Sciatis  quod  Nos  de  Gratis,  nostra  special!,  ac  ex  ceiul 
Scientia  et  niero  motu  nostris,  ac  de  singular!  favore  quern  versus  dilectum  subditum  nostrum  Wil- 
lielmum  Herricke,  de  civitate  nostra  London,  intendimus,  necnon  in  consideratione  boni  et  fidelis 
servitii,  quod  dictus  subditus  noster,  durante  vita  suu,  nobis  impendere  intendit.  Recepimus  dictum 
Willielnium  Herricke  in  sen  itium  nostrum,  ac  dedimus  et  concessimus,  ac  per  praesentes  habendum, 
tenendum,  gaudendum,  et  exercendum  dictum  Officium  sive  locum  Jewellarii  nostri,  Anglice  our 
Jeweller,  prefato  Willielmo  Herrick,  durante  vita  ipsius  Willielmi  natural!,  una  cum  omnibus  et  sin- 
gulis  vadiis,  feodis,  privileges,  libertatibus,  proficuis,  commoditatibus,  et  advantages  quibuscunque 


THE    KING'S    RESIDENCE    AT   THE   TOWER,   lf)03.  1  f,  I 

love  and  faithful  service  to  the  late  Queen,  his  Principal  Jeweller  during  the 
term  of  his  natural  life;  and  a  few  days  after,  when  at  Theobalds,  by  similar 
writs,  constituted  John  Craig  and  Gilbert  Primrose  his  Chief  Physician  and 
Surgeon. 

On  the  7th  of  May,  Proclamation  was  made  in  London,  to  close  the  exacting  of 
all  Monopolies,  and  Peculators  that  hindred  men's  suits  at  law,  and  forbid  the 
oppression  done  by  Saltpetre-makers,  Purveiors,  and  Cart-takers. 


Sir  Robert  Carey  observes,  in  his  "  Memoirs,"  "  that,  at  the  King's  coming 
to  the  Tower  there  were  at  the  least  twenty  Scotch  Gentlemen  discharged 
of  the  Bed-chamber;  and  sworn  Gentlemen  of  the  Privy-chamber,  amongst 
which  some  that  wished  me  little  good  had  such  credit  with  the  King,  that 
I  was  to  go  the  same  way  that  the  rest  did;  out  of  God's  blessing  into  the 
warm  sun.  I  could  not  help  it.  Those  that  ruled  had  so  resolved  it,  and 
1  was  forced  to  that  I  could  not  help.  All  the  comfort  that  I  had  was  the 
King's  assurance  that  I  should  shortly  be  admitted  to  his  Bed-chamber  again. 
And  whereas  I  was  promised  ^.100  in  fee  farm,  it  was  cut  short  to  100  marks. 
Thus  all  things  went  cross  with  me,  and  patience  was  rny  best  companion.  He 
that  did  me  most  hurt ',  and  was  greedy  of  Naboth's  vineyard,  gave  me  that 
counsel  which  I  followed ;  and  I  found  after  that,  it  did  me  much  good.  He 
told  me  he  knew  the  King  better  than  I  did ;  and  assured  me,  that  if  the  King 
did  perceive  in  me  a  discontented  mind,  I  should  never  have  his  love  nor  favour 
again*.  I  had  a  sad  heart;  yet  still  before  the  King  I  shewed  myself  merry  and 
jovial.  This  continued  till  the  Queen  came  up,  which  was  the  next  Summer." 

dicto  officio  sive  loco  Jewellarii  nostri  spectantibus  sive  pertinent ibus,  ant  cum  eodera  habitis,  acccptis, 
allocates  seu  gavisis,  ac  in  tarn  ainplis  modo  et  forma  prout  aliqua  persona  vel  aliquae  persona;  dic- 
tum officium  sive  locum  antehac  habens  vel  cxercens,  aut  habentes  vcl  exercentes,  unquam  habuit, 
tenuitve,  gavisus  fuit  seu  debuit,  aut  habuerunt,  tenuerunt,  Tel  gavisi  fuerunt  seu  debuerunt ;  eoquod 
expressa  nientio,  &c.  In  cujus  rei,  &c.  Teste  Ke£je  apud  Westmonasterium  secundo  die  Maii.  Per 
breve  de  privato  sigillo."  Pat.  1  Jac.  I.  p.  2.  m.  3. 

1  "  Whoever  this  was,  our  author  with  great  tenderness  secretes  his  name ;  partly,  perhaps,  from 
gratitude,  since,  after  he  had  seized  the  vineyard,  he  gave  Naboth  good  advice."  Lord  Corkc. 

1  "  The  King  was  chearful  and  facetious  at  his  me;ds,  and  in  his  idle  conversations.  He  loved  to 
see  those  he  talked  tn  as  jovial  as  himself,  especially  when  he  was  conscious  that  he  had  given  them 
occasion  to  be  otherwise."  Lord  Corke. 


152  THE    KING    REMOVES    FROM    THE    TOWER    TO    GREENWICH, 

From  the  Tower  of  London  the  King's  Highness  removed  by  water  to  his 
Manner  of  Greenwich  ',  whence,  on  the  13th  of  May,  he  addressed  the  following 
Letter  to  the  Earl  of  Marr,  Lord  High  Treasurer  of  Scotland2: 

"  JAMES  R. 

"  Right  trusty  and  well-beloved  Cousin  and  Counsellor,  we  greet  you  right 
hartely  well.  Having  understood,  as  well  by  your  awin  declaration  made  to  the 
Counsell,  which  yee  desyred  should  by  them  be  signified  unto  us,  as  by  your 
owne  letter,  upon  your  dewty  and  allegeance,  that  some  of  our  subjects  had  an 
intention  to  have  taken  our  dearest  Son  the  Prince,  if  he  had  come  from  Sterling 
to  the  Torwood,  and  considering  the  same  to  be  a  purpose  of  no  little  consequence, 
that  it  cannot  be  let  pass,  but  meryting  deu  tryall  and  condigne  punishment, 
which  cannot  be  well  prosequited  except  yee  come  hither  in  personne  to  give  us 
up  the  names  of  the  persons  who  should  have  been  of  the  said  consperacy,  that 
we  may  thereafter  proceed  in  their  tryall.  It  is,  therefore,  our  will  that  yee  faill 
not,  all  excuses  sette  aside,  to  addresse  yourself  hither  in  all  possible  diligence 
to  the  effect  aforesaid,  for  seeing  yee  have  sette  doune  the  accusation  so  clearly, 
wee  intend  to  proceede  with  no  less  care  in  the  tryall  and  punishment  thereof. 

"  As  for  our  Letter  sent  by  you  to  our  dearest  Bed-fellow,  although  you  have  done 
nothing  in  the  not  delyvery  thereof,  but  according  to  our  direction  ;  yet,  since  the 
contents  thereof  are  not  of  so  great  consequence  as  they  are  particulare  and  not 
fitte  to  come  in  every  man's  hands,  it  is  our  will  that  for  the  better  satisfaction 
ye  delyver  the  same  to  any  of  the  Counsell,  to  be  given  to  her,  and  disposed  upon 
as  she  pleaseth,  in  case  she  continew  in  that  wilfulness,  as  she  will  not  heare  your 
credite,  nor  receive  the  same  from  your  own  handes. 

"  In  all  other  things  concerning  the  transporting  of  our  Sone,  yee  shall  dis- 
pose yourself  (according  as  our  Cousin  the  Duke  of  Lennox  will  particularly  acquaint 
you)  to  that  which  is  our  leasure,  and  advise  with  him  carefully,  upon  our  honour 
and  his  surety,  to  whose  sufficiency  we  committing  the  rest,  and  looking 

1  Of  Greenwich,  the  birth  place  and  favourite  Palace  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  see  a  particular  descrip- 
tion in  her  "  Progresses,"  vol.  I.  p.  69  j  and  frequent  mention  of  it  throughout  those  Volumes. 
It  continued  for  some  time  to  be  the  frequent  residence  of  King  James  and  his  Queen. 

9  This  and  the  following  Letter  were  first  published  by  Lord  Hailes,  in  "  Memorials  and  Letters  relat- 
ing to  the  History  of  Britain  in  the  Reign  of  James  the  First." — The  original  Letters  were  found  among 
the  papers  of  the  late  Mr.  Cummyng,  Depute  Lord  Lyon  of  Scotland.  Their  contents  being  of  a 
peculiar,  singular,  and  amusing  nature,  they  cannot  fail  lu  afford  satisfaction  and  entertainment. 


LETTER    FROM    THE    KING   TO   THE    &UEEN,  l60J.  153 

for  yourself,  in  all  haste,  we  bid  you  farewell.     From  our  Palace  at  Greenwich, 
the  13th  of  May  1603. 

"  To  our  right  trusty  and  well-beloved  Cousin 
and  Counsellor,  the  Earl  of  Marr." 


The  following  undated  Letter  to  the  Cjueen,  then  in  Scotland,  written  with 
the  King's  own  hand,  is  supposed  to  be  that  mentioned  in  the  preceding  Letter: 
"  MY  HAIRTE  ; 

"  Jmmediatelie  before  the  ressaite  of  your  lettir  I  was  purposed  to  have  written 
unto  you,  and  that  without  any  greate  occasion,  except  for  freeing  myself  at  your 
handis  from  the  imputation  of  seveareness,  but  now  youre  lettir  has  gevin  more 
maitter  to  wryte,  although  I  take  small  delyte  to  meddle  in  so  unpleasant  a  pro- 
ces.  I  wonder  that  nather  your  long  knowledge  of  my  nature  nor  my  laite 
earniste  purgation  unto  you  can  cure  you  of  that  rooted  erroure  that  any  living 
darre  speak  or  inform  me  in  any  wayes  to  your  prejudice,  or  yett  that  ye  can  think 
thaire  youre  unfriendis  that  are  true-servantis  to  me.  I  can  say  no  more,  but 
proteste  upon  the  peril  of  my  salvation  and  damnation,  that  nather  the  Erie  of 
Marr,  nor  any  flesh  living,  ever  informed  me  that  ye  was  upon  any  Papish 
or  Spanish  course,  or  that  ye  hadde  any  other  thouchtes,  but  a  wrong  con- 
ceaved  opinion  that  he  had  more  interest  in  youre  Sone,  or  wolde  not  deliver 
him  unto  you,  nather  does  he  farther  charge  the  Noblemen  that  was  with  you 
thaire,  but  that  he  was  informed  that  some  of  thaiine  thocht  by  force  to  have 
assisted  you  in  the  taking  my  Sonne  out  of  his  handis;  but  as  for  any  other 
Papiste  or  forrine  practise,  by  God,  he  doeth  not  so  much  as  alleadge  it;  thairefore 
he  says  he  will  never  presume  to  accuse  them,  since  it  may  happen  well  to  im- 
porte  your  offence:  and  thairfore  I  say  over  agane,  leave  these  froward  womanlie 
apprehensions,  for  I  thank  God  I  carrie  that  love  and  respecte  unto  you  quhich, 
by  the  law  of  God  and  nature,  I  ought  to  do  to  my  wyfe  and  mother  of  my  chil- 
dren, but  not  for  that  ye  are  a  King's  dauchter,  for  quither  ye  waire  a  King's  or  a 
cook's  dauchter,  yc  must  be  all  alike  to  me,  being  once  my  wyfe.  For  the  respect 
of  your  honorable  birthe  and  decente  I  married  you ;  but  the  love  and  respecte 
I  now  beare  you  is,  because  that  ye  are  my  married  wyfe,  and  so  partaker 
of  my  honoure  as  of  my  other  fortunes.  I  beseache  you  excuse  my  rude  plain- 
ness in  this;  for  casting  up  of  your  birthe  is  a  needless  impertinent  argument  to 
me.  God  is  my  witness  I  ever  preferred  you  to  all  my  bairnes,  much  more 

VOL.  i.  x 


154  THE   KING   AT   GREENWICH,  16*03. 

then  to  any  subjecte  ;  but  if  you  will  ever  give  place  to  the  reports  of  everie  flat- 
tering sicophant  that  will  perswade  you  that  when  I  account  well  of  an  honest 
and  wise  servant  for  his  true  faithful  service  to  me,  that  it  is  to  compare,  or  pre- 
fere  him  to  you,  then  will  nather  ye  or  I  be  ever  at  reste  at  peace.  I  have, 
according  to  my  promise,  coppied  so  much  of  that  plotte  quhairof  I  wrote  unto 
you  in  my  last,  as  did  concern  my  Sonne  and  you,  quhich  herein  is  inclosed1,  that 
ye  may  see  I  wrote  it  not  without  cause,  but  I  desyre  it  not  to  have  any  Secretarys 
than  youre  self.  As  for  your  dool  made  concerning  it,  it  is  utterlie  impertinent 
at  this  time,  for  sic  reasons,  as  the  bearer  will  show  unto  you,  quhom  I  have 
likewise  cammandit  to  impairte  dyvers  other  points  unto  you,  which  for  fear 
of  wearieing  your  eyes  with  my  rugged  hande,  I  have  heirein  omitted,  praying 
God,  my  hairte,  to  preserve  you  and  all  the  bairnes,  and  sende  me  a  blythe  meet- 
ing with  you,  and  a  couple  of  thaime. 
"  Your  awn, 


On  the  13th  of  May  four  new  Peers2  were  created. 

On  the  l6th,  a  Proclamation  was  made,  "to  prohibit  and  forbid  all  man- 
ner of  persons  from  killing  of  deere,  and  all  kindes  of  wild  foule,  used  for  hunt- 
ing and  hawking,  uppon  payne  of  the  several  lawes  and  penalties  to  be  executed 
upon  them  ;"  and  on  the  IJth  a  Proclamation  against  "Robberies  on  the  Borders." 

On  the  igth,  a  Proclamation  was  made,  for  "the  uniting  and  quieting  of 
the  people  inhabiting  upon  the  Borders  of  England  and  Scotland,  to  live  in 
love  and  quietnesse,  from  all  spoiles  and  robberies  ech  from  other,"  &c. 

On  the  same  day,  the  Royal  Licence  was  granted  to  "  Laurence  Fletcher, 
William  Shakspeare,  Richard  Burbage,  Augustine  Phillippes,  John  Heminge, 
Henrie  Condell,  William  Sly,  Robert  Armin,  Richard  Cowley,  and  the  rest  of 
their  associates,  freely  to  use  and  exercise  the  arte  and  faculty  of  playing  come- 
dies, tragedies,  histories,  interludes,  morals,  pastorals,  stage-plaies,  and  such  like 
others  as  theie  have  alreadie  studied  or  hereafter  shall  use  or  studie,  as  well  for 
the  recreation  of  our  lovinge  subjects,  as  well  as  for  our  solace  and  pleasure,  when 

1  The  paper  here  referred  to  is  not  now  to  be  found. 

*  Of  these  only  three  were  noticed  in  p.  119.  The  fourth  was  Sir  William  Knollys,  Baron  Knollys, 
of  Grays. 


THE    KING    AT    GREENWICH,   16*03- 

we  shall  thincke  good  to  see  them,  during  our  pleasure1 ;  and  the  said  comedies, 
tragedies,  histories,  interludes,  morals,  pastorals,  stage-plaies,  and  such  like,  to 
shew  and  exercise  publicquely  to  their  best  commoditie,  when  the  infection  of 
the  Plague  shall  decrease,  as  well  within  their  nowe  usuall  place  the  Globe,  within 
our  County  of  Surrey,  &c." 

On  the  20th,  the  King  made  the  following  Knights  at  Greenwich : 

Sir  Julius  Caesar2,  of  London,  Maister  of  Requests. 

Sir  Roger  Wilbraham3,  of  Cheshire,  also  Maister  of  Requests. 

1  The  performers,  previously  to  the  granting  of  this  licence,  were  styled  the  Lord  Chamberlain's 
servants ;  but  immediately  upon  obtaining  the  Royal  patronage,  they  took  upon  themselves  the  more 
pompous  designation  of  the  "  King's  servants,"  and  under  such  title  they  performed  successfully 
until  St.  Peter's  day,  the  twenty-ninth  of  June  1613,  when  a  dreadful  conflagration  took  place, 
and  the  whole  of  the  theatre  was  burned  to  ashes,  during  the  representation  of  a  new  play,  or  rather 
an  alteration  from  "  Henry  the  Eighth,"  called  "  All  is  True,"  got  up  with  some  degree  of  splendour, 
in  the  scene  where  the  unexpected  arrival  of  King  Henry  at  the  mansion  of  Cardinal  Wolsey,  in  the 
character  of  a  mask,  is  announced  by  the  discharge  of  cannon,  which  unfortunately  was  the  occasion 
of  the  destruction  of  this  theatre,  as  the  contents  of  one  of  the  cannon  alighted  unobserved  on  the 
thatched  part  of  the  roof,  and  the  building  itself  consisted  principally  of  wood  : — taking  the  words 
of  Sir  Henry  Wotton,  in  a  Letter  to  a  Friend,  "  it  kindled  inwardly,  and  ran  round  like  a  train,  con- 
suming, within  less  than  an  hour,  the  whole  house  to  the  very  ground  ;"  and  in  a  letter  from  Mr. 
Chamberlain  to  Sir  Ralph  \Vinwood,  dated  the  twelfth  of  July  1613,  in  which  he  says  :  "  But  the  burn- 
ing the  Globe,  a  playhouse  on  the  Bankside,  on  St.  Peter's  day,  cannot  escape  you ;  which  fell  out  by  a 
peale  of  chambers — that  I  know  not  on  what  occasion  were  to  be  used  in  the  play — the  tappin,  or 
stople  of  one  of  them  lighting  in  the  thatch  that  covered  the  house,  burned  it  down  to  the  ground 
in  less  than  two  hours ;  and  it  was  a  great  marvailc  and  fair  grace  of  God  that  the  people  had  so  little 
harm,  having  but  two  narrow  doors  to  get  out."  Winwood's  Mem.  vol.  III.  p.  469. 

*  Sir  Julius  Csesar,  the  son  of  Carsar  Adelmar,  Physician  to  Queen  Mary  and  Queen  Elizabeth,  and 
descended  from  Adelmar  Count  of  Genoa  in  8Oo,  was  born  at  Tottenham  in  1557.  To  pass  over  his 
minor  preferments,  he  became  Judge  of  the  Admiralty  Court  and  a  Master  in  Chancery  in-  15SS, 
Master  of  St.  Catharine's  near  the  Tower  in  1596,  Master  of  the  Requests  in  1COO,  Chancellor  of 
the  Exchequer  in  1G06,  Privy  Councellor  in  1607,  and  Master  of  the  Rolls  in  1614.  He  died  in  163C, 
and  was  buried  in  St.  Helen's  Bishopsgate-strect,  where  he  has  a  singular  monument.  These  few  par- 
ticulars are  taken  from  the  "  Life  of  Sir  Julius  Casar,"  published  in  quarto  in  1810,  containing 
memoirs  of  this  illustrious  man  and  his  descendants,  from  family  MSS.  in  the  British  Museum,  &c. 
and  illustrated  by  excellent  engravings  of  seventeen  family  portraits,  and  of  his  monument.  — 
Of  his  frequent  Entertainments  of  Queen  Elizabeth  at  Mitcham,  see  her  "  Progresses,  "vol.  III.  p.  43S. 

»  The  Wilbrahams  are  an  antient  family  at  Woodhey,  and  in  several  other  places  in  Cheshire. — Mr 
Roger  Wilbraham  was  owner  of  Dorfold  in  that  County,  which  he  obtained  by  purchase,  and  built 
the  present  mansion,  which  is  situated  South-east  of  the  village  of  Acton,  in  grounds  as  favourably 
placed  as  the  general  flatness  of  the  country  will  admit,  and  ornamented  with  trees  of  respectable 


156  THE    KING   AT   GREENWICH,  lG03. 

Sir  William  Wade,  of  Middlesex;  Sir  Thomas  Smith,  of  Berkshire;  and 

Sir  Thomas  Edmonds  l,  of  Devon  ;  Clarkes  of  the  Counsel!. 
Sir  Thomas  Leake,  of  Derbyshire,  Clarke  of  the  Signett. 
Sir  John  Wood,  of  Cambridgeshire. 

On  the  22d  of  May,  his  Highnesse  knighted  : 

Sir  Robert  Lee  2,  Lord  Maior  of  London.     Sir  Edward  Coke4,  Attorney  Generall. 
Sir  John  Croke3,  of  Oxfordshire,  Sir  John  Morrys,  of  Essex. 

Recorder  of  London.  Sir  Edward  Seymore5,  of  Devonshire. 

age  and  growth  ;  it  stands  at  a  short  distance  from  the  highway  at  the  end  of  an  avenue,  and  is  a 
fine  specimen  of  the  style  which  prevailed  when  it  was  rebuilt,  being  a  lofty  pile  of  dark  brick, 
finished  with  large  bay-windows,  and  groupes  of  massy  chimneys.  Sir  Roger  died  without  male  issue. 

Ormerod's  Cheshire,  vol.  HI.  p.  183. 

1  "  This  Gentleman,  a  minister  of  great  abilities  and  integrity,  was  fifth  son  of  Thomas  Edmondes, 
Customer  of  Plymouth,  by  Joan,  daughter  of  Anthony  Delabere,  of  Sherborne  in  the  county  of 
Dorset.  He  had  been  practised  in  the  arts  of  foreign  negociation,  especially  in  France,  almost  from 
his  childhood,  was  appointed  Envoy  to  that  Court  about  1588,  and  in  1596  Secretary  to  Queen  Eli- 
zabeth for  the  French  tongue.  He  served  that  Princess  in  an  Embassy  to  the  Archduke  in  1599,  and 
was  a  Commissioner  at  the  treaty  of  Boulogne  in  the  following  year.  He  was  knighted  by  King  James 
(as  stated  above)  May  20,  1603,  about  which  time  we  meet  with  him,  '  little  Edmonds/  in  the  Duke  of 
Sully's  Memoirs,  complaining  to  that  Nobleman,  that  liis  services  were  ill  rewarded  ;  however,  he  was 
soon  after  sent  again  to  the  Court  of  Brussells,  and  from  thence  to  Paris,  in  the  character  of  Ambas- 
sador Leger,  which  honourable  and  important  employment  he  exercised  with  singular  wisdom  and 
fidelity  till  1616,  when  he  was  recalled  to  take  upon  him  the  office  of  Comptroller  of  the  Household, 
and  was  at  the  same  time  sworn  of  the  Privy  Council.  He  afterwards  succeeded  Lord  Wotton  as 
Treasurer  of  the  Household ;  was  appointed  Clerk  of  the  Crown  in  the  Court  of  King's  Bench  in 
1620 ;  and  is  said  to  have  been  raised  to  a  Secretaryship  of  State  in  the  latter  part  of  his  life,  but  I  can 
find  no  proof  of  that  assertion.  He  died,  very  aged,  in  1639."  Lodge's  Illustrations,  vol.  III.  p.  94. 

•  Sir  Robert  Lee  was  Sheriff  of  London  and  Middlesex  in  1594;   Lord  Mayor  in  1603  (see  p.  113). 
3  "  Sir  John  Croke,"  says  Fuller,  "  was  first  Sheriff  of  Buckingham  after  the  division  of  Bedfordshire 

(15*5).  He  was  most  fortunate  in  an  issue  happy  in  the  knowledge  of  our  Municipall  Law ;  of  whom 
Sir  John  Croke  his  eldest  son,  Speaker  of  the  Parliament  in  the  43d  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  received 
this  eulogium  from  her  Majesty  :  '  that  he  proceeded  therein  with  such  wisdome  and  discretion,  that 
none  before  him  had  deserved  better.'" 

«  This  most  eminent  Lawyer,  afterwards  Chief  Justice  of  England,  is  noticed  in  "Queen  Elizabeth's 
Progresses,"  vol.  HI.  p.  568.      His  life  has  been  too  often  recounted  to  require  further  notice  here. 

*  Sir  Edward  Seymour  was  great-grandson  of  Edward  Seymour,  the  famous  Duke  of  Somerset, 
who  was  beheaded  in  1552.    He  was  an  Ambassador  to  Denmark,  and  succeeded  in  1612  his  father  as 
a  Baronet,  who  had  received  that  honour  June  29,  1611.     He  was  elected  as  Member  for  Devonshire 
in  1619,  as  at  other  times  for  Callington  and  Totness.     He  greatly  enlarged  his  seat  at  Berry  Po- 
ir.croy,  afterwards  destroyed  during  the  Civil  Wars,  and  died  there  in  1641. 


THE    KING    AT    WHITEHALL. — A    CALL    OF    SERJEANTS    AT    LAW,   l603-          157 

Sir  Warwick  Hele1,  of  Devonshire.  Sir  Thomas  Arundcll,  of  Cornwall. 

His  Majestic  was  that  day  most  Royally  served ;  and  at  night  divers  fire-works 
on  the  Thames  were  shewed  for  triumph. 

On  the  23d  of  May  the  King  returned  to  Whitehall ;  and  on  the  2jth  the 
Lord  Cecil  thus  writes  to  Sir  Thomas  Parry:  "  All  things  continue  here  at  a  stay 
vntyll  his  Ma1*'8  Coronation,  wch  is  intended  to  be  on  the  25th  of  July  next.  In 
the  meane  tyme,  we  exspect  the  coming  of  the  Queen  and  the  yong  Prince  out 
of  Scotland  ;  whereof  a  little  stay  hath  ben  made,  by  reason  of  an  indisposition 
in  the  Queen,  wch  now  (God  be  thanked)  is  well  amended,  and  [she  is]  pre- 
paring for  her  journey  hetherward3." 

We  now  proceed  with  the  Narrative  in  the  words  of  Howes'  Chronicle: 

"In  Hillary  Terme,  the  45th  yeere  of  the  late  Quecne,  these  eleven,  Thomas 
Coventry,  of  the  Inner  Temple;  Robert  Houghton,  of  Lincolne's  Inne;  Lau- 
rence Tanfield,  of  the  Inner  Temple;  John  Crooke,  of  the  Inner  Temple  ;  Tho- 
mas Foster,  of  the  Inner  Temple;  Edward  Phillips,  of  the  Middle  Temple; 
Thomas  Harris,  of  Lincolne's  Inne;  James  Altham,  of  Grey's  Inne;  Henry 
Hubert,  of  Lincolne's  Inne;  Augustine  Nicols,  of  the  Middle  Temple;  and 
Robert  Barker,  of  the  Inner  Temple;  received  writes  from  the  Queene,  "de 
statu  et  gradu  servientium  ad  legem  suspiciendo,"  returnable  "  dies  Paschae"  then 
next  following,  being  the  second  returne  in  Easter  Terme,  but  the  Oueene  dying 
in  the  meane  time,  their  writs  abated;  howbeit,  the  King  being  advertised  into 
Scotland,  from  the  Counsel!  of  Englande,  of  this  election  of  Sergeants  at  Law 
made  by  the  Queene  his  late  predecessor,  gave  good  allowance  thereunto,  so  farre 
forth,  as  that  by  new  writes  returnable  at  the  day  aforesaid,  he  choose  all  the  first 
elected  number  unto  the  said  degree,  only  adding  unto  them  three  more,  viz.  John 
Sherley,  of  the  Middle  Temple ;  George  Snigge,  of  the  Middle  Temple ;  they 
being  auncients  to  all  the  first;  and  Richard  Hutton,  of  Gray's  Inne,  puisne  to 
them  all.  These  14  now  in  number,  on  Tewsday  the  IJth  of  May,  being  the 
next  day  after  their  returne  of  their  writes,  made  their  appearance  before  Sir 
Thomas  Egerton,  Lord  Keeper  of  the  Great  Scale  of  England,  in  the  High  Court 
of  Chancery,  and  were  then  sworne  Serjeants  at  Law.  Upon  Tuesday  following, 
being  the  24th  of  May,  they  were  admitted  to  the  Common-place  barre,  and  the 
same  day  kept  their  feast  in  Middle  Temple  Hall.  At  which  day  Edward  Phillips 

1  Sir  Warwick   Hele,  of  Wimbury,  was  son  of  Sir  John  Hele,  the  King's  Serjeant  (who  will  be 
noticed  when  knighted  on  July  23),  and  was  High  Sheriff  of  Devonshire  in  1618. 
•  Cotton  MSS.  E.  x. 


158  MASTER   OF   THE    CEREMONIES   ESTABLISHED,  1603. 

being  chosen  the  King's  Serjeant-meane,  after  their  appearance  in  the  Chancery, 
and  before  the  feast-day,  had  by  reason  thereof,  the  precedencie  before  all  other 
his  auncients.  And  John  Croke  being  knighted  by  the  King  upon  Sunday,  in 
the  saide  meane  time  before  their  Feast ;  yet  notwithstanding  toke  his  place  but  in 
due  order  of  his  antiquitie. 

"  At  this  time  the  King's  Majesty,  in  regarde  of  the  great  repayre  into  this  King- 
dom of  Forraine  Princes,  and  theyre  Ambassadors,  from  all  partes  of  Christendome, 
and  other  places,  did  therefore  erect  an  office,  by  the  name  of  Master  of  the  Cere- 
monies, to  receive  and  entertaine  Ambassadors  and  Princes  during  their  abode  in 
England,  in  all  honorable  manner,  as  is  used  in  France  and  other  places,  and  by 
pattent  under  the  great  scale  ordayned  Sir  Lewis  Lukenor,  Knight,  to  be  Master 
of  the  Ceremonies,  and  allowed  him  two  hundred  pounde  a  yeere  fee. 

"About  this  time  the  honourable  Charles  Lord  Mountjoy  returned  out  of  Ire- 
lande,  and  with  him  Hugh  O'Nele,  Earle  of  Tirone1.  They  were  both  lodged  at 
Wansted  in  Essex  for  a  season,  and  then  repayred  to  the  Court,  where  they  were 

1  Hugh  O'Neal,  commonly  called  Baron  of  Dungannon,  was  made  Earl  of  Tir-Oen  by  Queen  Eli- 
zabeth in  1567,  and  is  well  known  in  Irish  history  for  his  many  treasonable  conspiracies ;  but  being 
finally  subdued  by  the  Earl  of  Ormond,  was  brought  to  England,  as  stated  above,  by  the  Lord  Deputy 
Mountjoy,  and  received  a  free  pardon  from  the  King. — An  extract  of  a  Letter  from  Sir  John  Haring- 
ton  to  Dr.  John  Still,  Bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells,  will  illustrate  that  ferocious  Chieftain's  character : 
"  I  have  lived  to  see  that  damnable  rebel  Tir-Owen  broughte  to  Englande,  curteouslie  favourede, 
honourede,  and  well  likede.  Oh  !  my  Lorde,  what  is  there  which  dothe  not  prove  the  inconstancie 
of  worldlie  matters  !  How  did  I  labour  after  that  knave's  destruction  !  I  was  called  from  my  home 
by  her  Majestie's  commaund,  adventured  perils  by  sea  and  lande,  endurede  toil,  was  near  starvinge, 
eat  horse-fleshe  at  Munster;  and  all  to  quell  that  man,  who  uowe  smilethe  in  peace  at  those  that  did 
hazarde  their  lives  to  destroy  him.  Essex  tooke  me  to  Irelande;  I  had  scante  tyme  to  put  on  my 
bootes ;  I  followede  withe  good  vvyll,  and  did  returne  wyth  the  Lord  Leiutenante  to  meete  ill  wyll  j 
1  did  beare  the  frownes  of  hir  that  sente  me ;  and,  were  it  not  for  hir  good  lyking,  rather  than  my 
good  deservynges,  1  had  been  sore  discountenancede  indeede.  I  obeyede  in  goinge  wythe  the  Earle  to 
Irelande,  and  I  obeyede  in  comynge  with  him  to  Englande.  But  what  did  I  encounter  thereon  ?  Not 
liis  wrathe,  but  my  gracipus  Sovereign's  ill  humour.  What  did  I  advantage  ?  Why,  trulie,  a  knight* 
hood;  which  had  been  better  bestowede  by  hir  that  sente  me,  and  better  spared  by  him  that  gave  it. 
I  shall  never  put  oute  of  remembraunce  hir  Majestie's  displeasure :  I  entered  hir  chamber,  but  she 
frownede  and  saiede, '  What,  did  the  foole  brynge  you  too  ?  Go  backe  t6  your  businesse.'  In  soothe, 
these  wordes  did  sore  hurte  hym  who  never  hearde  soche  before ;  but  heaven  gave  me  more  comforte 
in  a  daye  or  twoe  after ;  hir  Majestie  did  please  to  aske  me  concernynge  our  Northern  journeyes,  and 
I  did  so  well  quite  me  of  the  accounte,  that  she  favourede  me  wyth  such  discourse  that  the  Earle 
hymself  had  been  well  glad  of.  And  now  dothe  Tyr-Owen  dare  us  old  Commanders  with  his  pre- 
sence and  protection."  Nugse  Antiquae,  vol.  I.  p.  340. 


ENTERTAINMENT   GIVEN   TO    FOREIGN    AMBASSADORS,   1<)03.  159 

honourably  received.  The  Lord  Mount] oy  was  sworne  of  his  Majestie's  honor- 
able Privie  Counsel!. 

"  On  the  seventh  of  June,  and  again  on  the  eighth,  Proclamation  was  made, 
that  the  said  Earle  of  Tirone  was  restored  to  the  King's  favor,  and  shoulde  bee  of 
all  men  honourably  used.  Also,  in  this  moneth  of  June,  divers  Ambassadours 
from  forraine  Princes  arrived  here  at  London,  and  were  there  lodged,  namely, 
from  the  Palsgrave  of  Rheine  in  Germany,  one  of  the  Electors ;  these,  after 
their  message  of  gratulation  to  the  Kinge,  returned  the  tenth  of  June. 

"From  the  States  of  Holland  and  Zealand,  and  from  the  rest  of  the  United 
Provinces,  came  the  youngest  sonne  of  William  Prince  of  Orenge,  Monsieur 
Fulke,  and  learned  Monsieur  Barnevile,  Commissioners;  these  were  lodged 
within  Bishopsgatc-streete. 

"  An  Ambassadour  from  the  Archduke  of  Austria,  with  his  company,  was 
lodged  without  Bishopsgate,  by  the  late  dissolved  hospital  called  Saint  Mary 
Spittle,  in  the  house  sometime  pertayning  to  Sir  Horatio  Paulauisine,  and  from 
thence  removed  to  Stanes,  neere  unto  Windsor,  &c. 

"The  eighth  of  June,  arrived  at  London  Monsieur  de  Rosny,  Great  Treasurer 
of  Fraunce,  accompanied  with  Noblemen  and  gallant  Gentlemen  in  great  number. 
The  same  night  they  in  thirty  coaches  rode  to  the  French  Ambassadour's  Leager  ; 
then  lodged  at  the  Barbicane,  by  Redcrosse  Streete.  They  supped  with  him,  and  re- 
turned to  Crosby  Place  (now  [1603]  belonging  to  Sir  John  Spencer  ')  in  Bishops- 
gate-streete,  where  the  principal  were  lodged,  and  the  other  in  places  neere 
adjoyning." 

1  Sir  John  Spencer,  a  native  of  Wadingfield  in  Suffolk,  and  from  his  great  wealth,  usually  called 
Rich  Spencer,  was  an  Alderman  of  London,  Sheritf  in  1583-4,  and  Lord  Mayor  in  1594.  By  a  grant 
from  the  Crown  he  possessed  the  manor  of  Canonbury  in  Middlesex,  where  he  frequently  resided ;  but 
his  principal  mansion  was  Crosby  House  in  Bishopsgate-street,  which  had  been  built  by  Sir  John 
Crosby,  and  was  for  some  time  the  residence  of  the  Duke  of  Gloucester,  afterwards  King  Richard  III. 
— "  This  house,"  says  Stow,  "  Sir  John  Spencer  lately  purchased,  made  great  reparations,  kept  his 
Mayoralty  there,  and  since  builded  a  most  large  warehouse  near  thereunto ;  and  here,  in  1G03,  he 
lodged  and  splendidly  entertained  the  French  Ambassador,  Monsieur  de  Rosny,  Great  Treasurer  of 
France,  and  all  his  retinue.  Sir  John  Spencer  died  at  an  advanced  age,  March  30,  16O9 ;  and  was 
buried  in  the  Church  of  St.  Helen's  in  Bishopsgate-strcet,  where  is  '  a  fair  goodly  tomb,  on  the  South 
aile  of  the  choir.'  "  Sir  John  Spencer  had  by  his  Lady,  Alice  Bromfield,  one  sole  daughter  and  heiress 
Elizabeth,  of  whom  there  is  a  tradition  (we  give  it  as  a  tradition)  that  she  was  carried  off  from  Canon- 
bury  House  in  a  baker's  basket,  by  the  contrivance  of  W  illiam,  second  Lord  Compton,  Lord  Presi- 
dent of  Wales,  [afterwards  Earl  of  Northampton],  to  whom,  in  the  year  1594,  she  was  married,  and 
thus  carried  this  estate  into  his  family. 


160  THE  KING  AT  GREENWICH,  1603. 

On  the  10th  of  June,  Sir  William  Selby1,  was  knighted  at  Greenwich; 
and  on  that  day  the  Lord  Cecil  again  writes  to  Sir  Thomas  Parry:  "  Concerning 
our  occurrences,  wee  have  little  or  no  variety  worth  the  writing  tyll  the  Coronation 

Mr.  John  Beaulieu  thus  writes  to  Mr.  Trumbull,  resident  at  Brussels,  April  2,  1610: 

"  Upon  Tuesday  the  funeralls  of  Sir  John  Spenser  were  made,  where  some  thousand  men  did  assist 
in  mourning  cloakes  or  gowns,  amongst  which  there  were  320  poor  men,  who  had  every  one  a  basket 
given  them  stored  with  the  particular  provisions  set  down  in  this  note  inclosed.  But  to  expound  to 
you  the  mysticall  meaning  of  such  an  anticke  furniture,  I  am  not  so  skilful  an  GEdipus,  except  it  doth 
design  the  horn  of  abundance,  which  my  Lord  Compton  hath  found  in  that  succession.  But  that 
poor  Lord  is  not  like  (if  God  do  not  help  him)  to  carry  it  away  for  nothing,  or  to  grow  very  rich 
thereby,  being  in  great  danger  to  loose  his  witts  for  the  same;  whereof  being  at  the  first  newes, 
either  through  the  vehement  apprehension  of  joy  for  such  a  plentiful  succession,  or  of  carefulnes  how 
to  take  it  up  and  dispose  it,  somewhat  distracted,  and  afterwards  reasonably  well  restored,  he  is  now 
of  late  fallen  again  (but  more  deeply)  into  the  same  frenzy ;  so  that  there  seemeth  to  be  little  hope  of 
his  recovery.  And  what  shall  these  thousands  and  millions  avayle  him  if  he  come  to  lose,  if  not  his 
soul,  at  least  his  wits  and  reason?  it  is  a  faire  and  ample  subject  for  a  divine  to  course  riches,  and  a 
notable  example  to  the  world  not  to  wooe  or  trust  so  much  in  them.  It  is  given  out  abroad  that  he 
hath  suppressed  a  will  of  the  deceased's,  whereby  he  did  bequeath  some  ^.20,000  to  his  poor  kin- 
dred, and  as  much  in  pios  usus;  for  the  which  the  people  do  exclaime  that  this  affliction  is  justly 
inflicted  upon  him  by  the  hand  of  God,  for  a  punishment  of  such  an  impious  deed.  But  whether  that 
suppression  be  true  or  not,  it  is  yet  very  constantly  reported." 

The  inclosed  note  is  as  follows:  "  A  black  gowne,  foure  pounds  of  beef,  two  loaves  of  bread,  a 
little  bottle  of  wine,  a  candlestick,  a  pound  of  candles,  two  sawcers,  two  spoons,  a  black  pudding,  a 
pair  of  gloves,  a  dozen  points,  two  red-herrings,  four  white-herrings,  six  sprats,  and  two  eggs." 

In  a  subsequent  Letter,  dated  April  10,  Mr.  Beaulieu  gives  the  following  account: — "  Here  is 
dead  within  these  two  days  the  old  Lady  Spencer,  following  the  heels  of  her  husband ;  who  gave 
away  amongst  her  kindred  ^?13,000  of  the  sg.15,000  which  she  was  to  have  of  my  Lord  Compton  ; 
who  is  now  altogether  distracted,  and  so  franticke  as  that  he  is  forced  to  be  kept  bound.  The  admi- 
nistration of  his  goods  and  lands  is  committed  to  the  Lords  Chamberlaine,  Privy  Seal,  and  Worcester, 
who,  coming  the  last  week  into  the  City,  took  an  inventory  (in  the  presence  of  the  Sheriffs)  of  the 
goods,  amongst  which  (it  is  said)  there  were  bonds  found  for  ^".133,000."  Another  Letter  states, 
that  "  Sir  John  Spencer  died  worth  at  least  ^.300,000;  some  say  ^".500,000,  others  sS.800.OOO." 

Sir  Thomas  Edmonds,  in  a  Letter  to  Sir  Ralph  Winwood,  says,  "  The  Lord  Compton  hath  been 
so  transported  with  joy  for  the  great  fortune  befallen  him  by  the  death  of  Sir  John  Spencer  his  father- 
in-law,  as  the  overworking  of  the  same  in  his  mind  did  hinder  him  from  taking  any  rest,  whereby  he 
was  grown  half  distracted,  but  now  he  is  reasonably  well  recovered  again."  See  many  interesting 
anecdotes  of  Sir  John  Spencer  and  of  his  Daughter  in  the  History  of  Canonbury,  Bibliotheca  Topo- 
graphica  Britannica,  No.  XLIX.  pp.  12 — 26;  particularly  a  long  and  very  curious  Letter  from  Lady 
Compton  to  her  husband,  stating  the  various  luxuries  with  which  she  expected  to  be  indulged  ;  and  by 
which  it  appears  that  her  wealth  was  much  beyond  what  in  these  times  we  can  readily  imagine, 

1  Of  Hcrne  in  Kent.     He  was  afterwards  a  Baronet. 


THE    KING    AT   GREENWICH COURT    NEWS,  160$. 

be  passed,  wch  doth  hold  yet  on  the  25th  of  July  next.  The  Queen's  Ma*?  with 
the  Prince  are  at  this  side  Barwick,  and  exspected  within  six  days  at  Yorke.  His 
Ma*y  is  sending  the  Erie  of  Rutland  into  Denmarke,  to  the  Christening  of  the 
King's  Son  '." 

Sir  Thomas  Edmonds,  in  a  Letter  to  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury,  from  the  Court  at 
Greenwich,  June  If),  says,  "  On  Whitson  Sondaie  the  Kinge  gave  audience 
to  Monsr  de  Rhosny  2,  who  came  aceompanyed  wth  a  verie  great  trayne  of  Gen- 
tellmen  of  verie  good  sorte,  and  himself  verie  richlie  furnished  wth  Jewells.  The 
Count  of  Arremberge  was  appointed  to  have  had  his  audience  the  next  daie ;  but 
he  desired  to  have  the  same  deferred  for  a  few  dales,  by  reason  of  his  indisposition 
as  he  ptended,  but  it  is  conceived  rather  to  be  to  delaye  the  tyme,  either  to  attende 
the  coming  of  the  Spanish  Arnbr,  or,  at  the  least,  to  heare  from  him  from  Brussels. 
I  understand  that  the  King  is  verie  ill  satisfied  wth  the  Duke  of  Lennox3  for  not 
having  more  effectually  employed  himself  to  disswade  the  Queene  from  some 
courses  wch  she  hath  taken,  wch  doe  verie  much  discontent  the  Kinge ;  namelie, 
for  conferringe  the  place  of  her  Chamberleyn  (to  the  wcb  Sir  George  Carew  was 
recomended)  on  one  Mr.  Kennedy,  a  Scottish  Gentellman,  of  whom  the  King 
hath  very  ill  conceipt,  and,  as  it  is  said,  used  these  wourdes  against  him,  that  if 
he  should  find  that  she  doe  bring  him  hither  to  attend  her  in  that  place,  that  he 
woulde  breake  the  staffe  of  his  Chamberleynshipp  on  his  hedd,  and  so  dismisse 
him;  but  we  understande,  that,  uppon  a  comandement  since  sent  unto  him  for  his 
retourne,  he  is  gone  backe  into  Scotlande.  It  is  sayd  that  the  Kynge  taketh  the 

1  Cotton  MSS.  E.  x. 

*  "  Maximilian  dc  Bethunc,  Marquis  de  Kosny,  afterwards  Duke  of  Sully,  and  Prime  Minister  of 
France.  A  very  full  and  remarkable  account  of  his  Embassy,  and  of  various  intrigues  and  factions  of 
the  English  Court  at  that  time,  may  be  found  in  this  great  man's  Memoirs.  The  Count  of  Arrem- 
berge  mentioned  here,  was  John  de  Ligne,  Prince  of  15arbancon  and  Count  of  Arrembcrge,  Ambas- 
sador from  the  Archduke.  The  most  unfavourable  opinions  were  formed  of  this  Nobleman's  abilities 
upon  his  first  appearance  here.  He  was  very  gouty,  and  a  bad  speaker.  "The  Archduke,"  said 
James  to  Kosny,  "  hath  sent  me  an  Ambassador  who  can  neither  walk  or  talk  :  he  hath  demanded  an 
audience  of  me  in  a  garden,  because  he  cannot  come  up  stairs  into  a  room."  His  audience  having 
been  deferred  from  time  to  time  at  his  own  request,  he  at  last  desired  that  the  King  would  send  one 
of  his  Counsellors  to  confer  with  him,  and  Cecil  waiting  on  him  for  that  purpose,  after  having  received 
his  compliments  on  the  King's  accession,  endeavoured  to  bring  him  to  some  discourse  on  matters  of 
State  ;  but  he  answered  that  he  was  a  soldier,  and  had  no  skill  in  negociation  ;  that  he  came  only  to 
hear  what  the  King  of  England  had  to  say  to  him,  and  that  after  him  his  master  would  send  a  man  of 
business.  This  whimsical  personage  became  afterwards  the  principal  manager  of  the  Spanish  con- 
cerns in  England."  Lodge,  vol.  III.  p.  103.  J  See  before,  p.  36. 

VOL.  I.  y 


Ifj2  THE    KING    AT    GREENWICH,  AND    AT    WHITEHALL,   l60$. 

like  offence  of  the  coming  of  dyvers  others  that  be  in  her  companie;  and,  there- 
fore, the  Duke  of  Lenox  was  yesternight  sent  back  in  post  unto  her  concerning 
all  those  particulers.  It  is  said  that  she  hath  hitherto  refused  to  admitt  my  Ladye 
of  Kildare1  and  the  Lady  Walsinghain2,  to  be  of  her  Privye-chamber,  and  hath 
onlye  as  yett  sworne  my  Ladye  of  Bedfourd  3  to  that  place.  The  King  resolveth 
to  remove  from  hence  on  Mondaie  next  to  Windsor,  by  reason  that  the  Queene 
doth  so  much  hasten  her  journey,  and  because  my  Lord  of  Rutland4  is  to  be  dis- 
patched presentlie  into  Denmarke  to  be  the  King's  deputie  at  a  christeninge  of  a 
daughter  of  the  said  Kinge's.  The  Kinge  did  therefore  yesterdaie  cause  a  Chap- 
ter to  be  held  of  the  Order  of  the  Garter,  for  the  chosing  of  that  Kinge,  and  our 
younge  Prince,  to  be  of  the  Order,  whereby  my  Lord  of  Rutlande's  journey  shall 
also  serve  that  turne  to  carry  the  Garter  to  that  Kinge5." 

On  the  1 8th  of  June,  the  King  was  again  at  Whitehall,  where  he  constituted  George 
Clifford  Earl  of  Cumberland  Guardian  of  the  Marches,  and  Sir  Thomas  Smith 
Latin  Secretary. 

The  Earl  of  Worcester6,  writing  to  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury,  June  19,  says, 
"  I  am  right  sory  that  my  imployments  hathe  been  sutche  as  I  could  not  bee  wth 
youe  neyther  at  the  King's  coming  nor  the  Queen's,  being  a  thing  I  so  mutche  de- 
siered;  but  I  must  bee  contented  to  want  my  desiers  in  more  than  that,  and  in  leue 
therof  supply  my  absence  wytheall  goodwyshes  to  youer  troblesome  and  costly  enter- 
teynments.  Lyttel  matter  we  have  here  since  youer  departure  worthe  advertis- 
ment.  This  day  Monser  Rhosny  dined  7  wth  the  King  in  state,  and  the  Frenche 
Imbassidore  Leger,  and  meanethe  very  shortly  to  take  his  leave.  He  would  fayn 

1  See  hereafter,  in  a  Letter  of  Arabella  Stuart,  Sept.  16,  1603. 

*  King  James  granted  a  pension  of  sSAOO  a  year  to  Lady  Walsingham  at  the  beginning  of  his  Reign. 
Of  this  Lady,  wife  of  Sir  Thomas  Walsingham,  see  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  III.  591. 
3  See  hereafter,  p.  174.  «  See  p.  163.  *  Lodge,  vol.  III.  p.  163. 

6  Edward  Somerset,  fourth  Earl  of  Worcester  of  his  family,  and  Knight  of  the  Garter,  Master  of 
the  Horse  in  this  and  the  late  reign,  and  ancestor  to  his  Grace  the  Duke  of  Beaufort.     He  was  one  of 
the  most  complete  Gentlemen  of  his  time,  and  excelled  in  those  manly  exercises  a  proficiency  in  which 
then  constituted  so  material  a  part  of  the  character  of  an  accomplished  Courtier,  particularly  tilting 
and  horsemanship.     With  this  high  turn,  however,  he  possessed  abilities  which  qualified  him  for  the 
most  important  public  services,  but  wisely  preferred  the  friendship  of  the  Court  and  the  solid  com- 
forts of  a  great  patrimony,  to  the  envied  toils  of  a  Statesman's  life.     He  died  March  3, 1627,  aet.  84. 

7  Sully  speaks  of  this  dinner  in  his  Memoirs ;  it  was  given  at  Greenwich ;  only  himself  and  the 
Count  de  Beaumont,  the  French  Ambassador  Leger,  sat  with  the  King.     He  observes,  with  surprise, 
that  James  was  served  on  the  knee,  and  mentions  that  a  surtout,  in  form  of  a  pyramid,  containing 
the  most  costly  vessels,  and  even  enriched  with  diamonds,  was  placed  in  the  middle  of  the  table. 


THE  EARL  OF  RUTLAND  SENT  TO  DENMARK,  160^' 

have  concluded  a  fyrm  amitee  w*  our  master,  but  playeth  the  fencer,  and  wyll 
make  no  propositions  at  all ;  wee,  on  the  other  syd,  very  wylling  to  imbrace 
frendship,  and  howld  correspondence  wth  his  master,  but  keepe  the  close  wthin 
bownds  untyll  we  discover  their  ends:  what  the  conclusion  wylbee  the  end  must 
discover.  The  Cownt  Arenberk  hathe  been,  and  ys  syke  of  the  gowt,  and  hathe 
had  no  awdience  as  yet.  He  sent  a  plausible  message  to  the  King  by  my  Lords 
Cycyll  and  Kinloss1,  whoe  wer  sent  by  the  King  to  him.  This  day  Don  Jhoan 
de  Taxis8  is  aryved  from  the  King  of  Spayn  on  this  shore,  and  shortly  we  expect 
at  London.  He  comethe  very  gallantly  \vth  sJOO  in  his  trayn ;  all  this  retinew 
duble  furnished  in  ryding  garments  of  clothe  and  other  sutes  of  velvet.  The 
King's  Ma.  is  determined  to  set  forward  uppon  Thursday  or  Friday  next,  to  meat 
the  Queen  ;  and  then  I  hope  wee  shall  meat  agayn3." 

Howes  adds,  "The  Kinge,  being  asmindefull  of  his  Friends  abroade,  as  provident 
for  his  friends  at  home,  appoynted  the  Right  Honourable  Roger  Earle  of  Rut- 
land, to  prepare  himselfe  for  Denmarke,  to  Christianus  the  Fourth,  to  solemnize 
in  his  behalfe  the  baptizing  of  the  said  King's  Sonne,  and  to  present  the  King 
with  the  most  noble  Order  of  the  Garter  4." 

1  See  before,  p.  109. 

'  John  de  Taxis,  Count  of  Villa  Mediana.  Opposite  to  this  line,  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury  bath 
written  in  the  margin,  "  this  is  not  true,  but  a  fake  report."  Taxis  arrived,  as  we  shall  see  presently, 
a  few  weeks  after  this  date.  »  Lodge,  vol.  III.  p.  166. 

«  "The  Earle,  accompanied  with  his  Brethren,  and  many  gallant  Knights  and  Gentlemenne,  set  for- 
ward from  Gravesend  the  28th  of  June,  and  arrived  at  Elsenor  the  ninth  day  following,  where  his 
Lordship  was  visited,  saluted,  and  entertayned,  by  speciall  Gentlemen  from  the  King.  And  after, 
uppon  the  way  betweene  Elsenor  and  Coppenhaven,  Romelius,  a  Great  Counsellor  of  Estate,  met 
him,  anil  with  great  kindnesse  and  complements  re-saluted  his  Lordeshippe  and  his  Company.  The 
tenth  of  July  in  the  morning,  being  Sunday,  the  King  gave  audience  to  the  Ambassadour ;  and  hav- 
ing read  his  Lordshipp's  commission  and  letters  of  credence,  he  most  kindely  welcommed  him  and  all 
his  LorJshipp's  followers,  taking  knowledge  of  every  nun  in  his  degree,  and  giving  them  his  Princely 
hand  to  kisse.  Immediately  the  King,  in  great  Estate  and  Royall  manner,  proceeded  to  the  baptizing 
of  his  Sonne,  which  was  performed  in  our  Lady  Church  in  Coppenhaven,  where  a  Bishoppc,  with  one 
Deacon  in  rieh  vestments,  standing  before  the  altar  (according  to  the  Lutheran  Church),  read  cer- 
tayne  prayers,  both  in  Latin  and  the  Danish  tongue,  and  then  descended  to  the  fount  which  sloode 
in  the  body  of  the  qu\er,  where  the  Queene,  the  Kinge's  Mother,  being  Icdde  by  the  Lord  Ambassador, 
and  the  Duke  of  Ulrick,  the  Kinge's  Brother,  bore  the  child  in  her  arms,  and  there  delivered  it  to 
be  held  by  the  Ambassador  whilest  she  slipped  back  the  head  attire  for  the  baptisme.  The  Bishoppe 
prayed  againe  in  both  languages,  and  then  said,  '  Name  de  barne,'  whereunto  the  Ambassadour, 
and  the  other  deputies  of  Princes,  by  the  King  the  Father's  consent,  answered,  "  Christianus,"  by 
which  name  the  Bishoppe  baptized  the  yoong  Prince  with  the  sign  of  the  crosse ;  all  which,  being 
most  solempnly  performed,  the  Bishoppe  made  a  Sermon  in  Latin  uppon  the  Gospell  for  that  day ; 


164  THE    KING    AT    GREENWICH,  AND    AT    BED1NGTON, 

On  the  20th  of  June,  John  Craig  was  appointed  Physician  to  the  King ;  and 
Gilbert  Primrose,  his  Principal  Surgeon  '. 

During  the  greater  part  of  June,  the  King  appears  to  have  held  his  Court  at 
Greenwich.  On  the  23d,  a  Proclamation  of  Commerce  with  Spain  is  dated  from 
the  "  Manner  of  Greenwich  ;"  and  from  that  Palace  the  King  made  some  short 
excursions  in  the  vicinity  of  the  Metropolis.  We  find  him,  particularly,  visiting 
at  some  of  the  principal  houses  in  Surrey  and  Middlesex. 

At  Bedington3,  the  beautiful  residence  of  Sir  Francis  Carew,  the  King  knighted 
Sir  Nicholas  Throgmorton3,  of  Surrey;  and  Sir  Thomas  Gorges  and  Sir  Alex- 
ander Brett,  both  of  Somersetshire. 

and  so  the  whole  assembly  returned  as  they  came,  the  streetes  being  adorned  with  arras,  and  set  with 
certain  ensignes  of  townesmen,  with  shotte  and  pikes.  The  same  day  the  King  made  a  solempne  feast 
for  the  Ambassadour,  and  the  other  deputies  of  gossips,  placing  the  English  Ambassadour  uppon  the 
right  hand  of  the  Queene  mother  at  the  table  ende,  the  King  hiniselfe  sat  on  the  one  side,  and  his 
Queene  on  the  other.  The  Duke  his  Brother,  the  Bishop  of  Breame,  and  other  great  estates,  were 
placed  according  to  their  degrees,  and  so  were  the  English  Knights  and  Gentlemen,  as  many  as  the 
table  could  containe.  Eight  dayes  the  King  entertayned  the  Ambassadour  with  divers  Princely 
pastimes,  as  in  viewing  of  waterworkes  for  the  forging  and  boring  of  ordinance,  his  storehouses  of 
munition,  his  stables,  and  other  thinges  of  State,  with  huntings  and  bankettings,  &c.  The  fourteenth 
day  of  July  the  King  received  the  Order  of  the  Garter  in  the  Castle  of  Elsenor,  by  the  hands  of  the 
Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of  Rutland,  assisted  by  William  Segar,  alias  Norroy  King  of  Armes.  The 
King  in  person  brought  the  Ambassadour  aborde,  where  the  Ambassadour  made  the  King  and  all  his 
Trayne  a  sumptuous  banquet.  The  28th  of  the  same  moneth  the  Lord  Ambassadour  tooke  his  leave 
of  the  King,  and  the  nineteenth  set  sayle  for  England  ;  and  afterwards,  being  fourteene  dayes  at  sea, 
was  by  contrary  winds  forced  to  land  at  Scarborough,  in  the  North  parts."  Howes'  Chronicle,  p.  825. 

1  See  before,  p.  151. 

•  Of  Bedington.     See  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  III.  pp.  441,  513. 

3  Nephew  and  adopted  heir  of  Sir  Francis  Carew,  on  whose  elegant  tomb  in  Bedington  Church 
both  the  Uncle  and  Nephew  are  thus  commemorated  : 

"  Here  resteth  Sir  Francis  Carew,  Knight,  sonne  and  heire  of  Sir  Nicholas  Carew,  Knight,  of  the 
honorable  Order  of  the  Garter,  Maister  of  the  Horse,  and  Privye  Councellour  to  King  Henry  the 
VIII.  The  said  Sir  Francis  living  unmarried,  adopted  Sir  Nicholas  Throckmorton,  sonne  of  Anne 
Throckmorton  his  sister,  to  be  heire  to  his  estate,  and  to  beare  his  surname ;  and  having  lived  Ixxxj 
yeares,  he  in  assured  hope  to  rise  in  Christ  ended  this  transitory  life  the  xvi  day  of  Maye  MDCXI. 

"  Sir  Nicholas  Carew,  Knight,  younger  sonne  of  Sir  Nicholas  Throckmorton,  adopted  into  the 
surname  and  arms  of  Carew,  married  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  George  Moore,  of  Losely,  Knight, 
by  whom  he  had  issue  Francis,  Nicholas,  George,  Edmund,  Oliphe,  Elizabeth,  and  Marie,  and  to  the 
memorie  of  his  deare  and  well  deserving  unkle  erected  this  monument." 

Sir  Nicholas  Carew,  otherwise  Throckmorton,  died  in  1643.  His  son,  Sir  Francis,  was  made  a 
Knight  of  the  Bath  at  the  Coronation  of  King  Charles  I.;  and  died  in  1649.  Manning  and  Bray's 
Surrey,  vol.|II.  p.  530. 


THE    KING   VISITS   AT   HENDON,  AND    SIGN    HOUSE,   1 CO^.  l6"5 

We  next  find  the  King  at  Sir  John  Fortescue's,  at  Hendon1;  where  he 
knighted  Sir  William  Fleetwood2,  of  Buckinghamshire;  and  Sir  Thomas  Hes- 
keth,  of  Lancashire. 

At  Sion  House3  (then  belonging  to  the  Crown,  and  now  the  princely  mansion 
of  the  Duke  of  Northumberland)  his  Majesty  knighted  Sir  William  Norton,  of 

1  "  Hendon-house,"  says  Norden,  "  the  Manor-house  of  Hendon,  Sr  Edward  Herbert's,  Knt. 
where  nowe  is  ufu'ii  resident  Sr  John  Fortescue,  Knt.  one  of  his  Majesties  most  honourable  Privie 
Counsell,  when  he  taketh  the  ayre  in  the  country." — This  Sir  John  Fortescue  was  a  person  of 
considerable  abilities  and  accomplishments,  and  one  of  the  oldest  servants  of  the  reign  of  Queen  Eli- 
zabeth. He  descended  from  an  elder  brother  of  Sir  John  Fortescue,  the  great  Chief  Justice  under 
Henry  VI.  and  was  the  eldest  son  of  Adrian,  who  was  beheaded  in  1539,  by  his  second  wife,  Anne, 
daughter  of  Sir  William  Reed,  of  Borestall  in  Buckinghamshire,  and  widow  of  Sir  Giles  Greville. 
He  was  so  eminent  a  Gi^ek  and  Latin  scholar,  that  Elizabeth  made  him  her  director  in  the  study  of 
those  languages,  and  so  strictly  honest,  that  though  she  chose  him  of  the  Privy  Council  at  her  acces- 
sion professedly  for  his  integrity,  she  afterwards  declared  that  it  surpassed  her  expectation.  She 
likewise  gave  him  the  offices  of  Master  of  her  Wardrobe,  Chancellor  Of  the  Exchequer  and  of  the 
Duchy  of  Lancaster ;  but  he  retained  only  the  last  of  those  appointments  under  the  new  Monarch, 
for  his  favour  at  Court  expired  with  his  Mistress.  "  This  and  Raleigh's  failure,"  says  Lloyd,  "  was 
their  design  of  articling  with  King  James  at  his  first  coming :  not  so  much  for  himself  as  for  his 
followers,  in  regard  of  the  known  feud  between  the  Nations."  He  married,  first,  Cicely,  daughter 
and  coheir  of  Sir  Edmund  Ashfield,  of  Tottenhoo  in  Buckinghamshire,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons, 
Sir  Francis,  made  a  Knight  of  the  Bath  at  the  coronation  of  James  I.  and  Sir  William,  and  one 
daughter,  Eleanor,  first  married  to  Valentine  Pigot,  secondly  to  Edward  Hubert.  His  second  wife 
was  Alice,  daughter  of  Christopher  Smyth,  by  whom  he  had  issue  an  only  daughter,  Margery,  who 
married  Sir  John  Pulteney,  of  Misterton  in  Leicestershire.  —  Sir  John  Fortescue  was  soon  after 
honoured  with  a  Visit  in  Buckinghamshire,  see  hereafter. 

1  Sir  William  Fleetwood,  of  the  Vache,  was  Sheriff  of  Buckinghamshire  in  ICSS. 

1  Alter  the  general  dissolution  of  Monasteries,  Sion  House  was  retained  by  the  Crown,  till  granted  by 
Edward  VI.  in  the  first  year  of  his  reign,  to  Edward  Duke  of  Somerset,  the  Lord  Protector;  who  built 
on  or  near  the  site,  a  nuble  mansion,  the  shell  of  which,  though  it  has  undergone  various  alterations, 
still  remains.  After  the  Duke's  attainder,  Sion  reverted  to  the  Crown,  and  Sir  Thomas  Warner  wasmade 
keeper.  In  1553  the  King  granted  it  to  John  Dudley,  Duke  of  Northumberland,  who  was  beheaded 
in  the  first  year  of  Queen  Mary,  when  his  estate  became  forfeited  to  the  Crown.  The  Queen  made 
Sir  Henry  Sidney  Keeper  of  the  Paik  and  Woods.  The  house  she  kept  in  her  own  hands  till  1557, 
when  she  restored  the  Convent  of  Sion,  endowing  it  with  the  manor  and  demesne  of  Isleworth. 
Fuller,  speaking  of  this  Monastery,  says,  "  Thit,  with  the  other  (Sheen),  cut  two  great  collops  out  of 
the  Crown  lands,  though  far  short  of  the  second  endowment  of  what  formerly  they  possessed.  It  was 
some  difficulty  to  stock  it  with  such  who  had  been  veiled  before,  it  being  now  thirty  years  since  the  dis- 
solution, in  which  time  most  of  the  elder  nuns  were  in  their  graves,  and  the  younger  in  the  arms  of 
their  husbands,  as  afterwards  embracing  a  married  life.  However,  with  much  ado,  (joining  some 
new  ones  with  the  old)  they  made  a  competent  number."  The  new.  Monastery  was  soon  dispersed  by 


166  THE  KING'S  VISIT  AT  HAN  WORTH,  1603. 

Southampton;  Sir  Robert  Worthe,  of  Essex;  Sir  Marmaduke  Wyvel1,  of  York- 
shire; and  Sir  Francis  More2,  of  Buckinghamshire. 

At  Hanworth  3,  also  a  small  Royal  seat  (in  which  King  Henry  VIII.  took  great 
delight,  and  where,  in  1601,  Queen  Elizabeth  re-visited  the  scene  of  her  youthful 

(Queen  Elizabeth,  who,  in  1560,  made  Sir  Francis  Knolles,  Keeper  of  Sion  House  for  life,  the  reversion 
of  which  place  she  afterwards  granted  to  his  son  Robert.  In  1563,  the  sickness  then  reigning,  the 
Marquis  of  Winchester  (Lord  Treasurer)  went  to  survey  Sion  House,  it  being  intended  that  the  Court 
of  Exchequer  should  be  held  there.  In  a  Letter  to  Sir  William  Cecil  (Secretary  of  State),  dated  Sept. 
23,  he  reports,  that  there  was  room  for  the  whole  Court,  with  all  their  attendants.  The  Lord  Trea- 
surer, the  Under  Treasurer,  and  Chancellor,  were  to  have  two  chambers,  and  a  gallery  between 
them  to  consult  in ;  the  Chamber  of  Presence  for  their  duty,  and  the  great  chamber  for  their 
servants."  Norden,  in  1593,  thus  describes  this  house:  "  Syon  was  built  by  Henry  V.  some- 
times a  house  of  monks:  but  this  King  expelled  them,  and  in  their  place  established  certaine 
virgins  of  Bridget's  order,  and  appointed  of  them  so  many  with  priests  and  lay  brethren,  as  were 
equall  with  number  of  the  Apostles  and  Disciples  of  Christ,  namelie,  of  virgines  60,  priestes  13, 
deanes  4,  lay  brethren  8,  which  made  13  apostles  and  72  disciples  of  Christ,  upon  whome  having 
bestowed  sufficient  revenues  for  their  maintenance,  he  made  a  lawe  that  they  should  not  accept  of  any 
other  gift,  but  content  themselves  with  his  contribution  j  and  to  bestow  on  the  poore  whatsoever  was 
above  that  which  might  reasonably  suffice  them.  It  is  now  a  house  of  hir  Majestie's,  standing  most 
pleasantly  upon  the  river  of  Thamys.  It  was  called  Syon  in  remembrance  of  that  hill  in  Jerusalem, 
which  was  called  Holy-hill,  the  mount  of  the  Lord,  the  Citie  of  David,  Mount  Syon."  Norden  'a 
Middlesex,  p.  38. — In  1604,  Sion  House,  and  the  manor  of  Isleworth,  were  granted  to  Henry  Earl  of 
Northumberland,  in  whom  were  already  vested  the  various  leases  made  by  Queen  Elizabeth  of  the 
demesne  lands.  The  Earl  was  soon  after  treated  with  uncommon  rigour  by  the  Court  of  Star-chamber 
for  what  at  most  amounted  but  to  a  presumption  of  his  being  privy  to  the  Gunpowder  Plot.  He  endured, 
nevertheless,  a  tedious  imprisonment  of  fifteen  years  in  the  Tower,  and  was  obliged  to  pay  a  sum  of 
<£  .30,000.  In  a  Letter  which  he  wrote  to  the  King,  from  the  Tower,  dated  April  14,  1613,  after  repre- 
senting the  difficulties  under  which  he  laboured  as  to  the  payment  of  his  fine,  he  offers  the  King  Sion 
House,  with  the  Manor  of  Isleworth,  as  the  only  property  which  he  could  alienate,  his  other  estates  being 
entailed.  In  estimating  the  value  of  Sion,  he  states,  that  he  had  laid  out  «g.9,OOO  upon  the  house 
and  gardens  ;  "  the  house  itself,"  says  he,  "  if  it  were  to  be  pulled  down  and  sold  by  view  of  workmen, 
•would  come  to  ^.8,000.  If  any  man,  the  best  husband  in  building,  should  raise  such  another  in  the 
same  place,  ^£.20,000  would  not  do  it.  His  Majesty,  it  seems,  did  not  accept  the  offer,  nor  was  the 
Earl  released  till  1621."  Lysons,  vol.  III.  p.  87—89. 

1  Sir  Marmaduke  Wyvell,  of  Burton-Constable,  was  of  a  family  which  came  into  England  with 
William  the  Conqueror.  He  was  M.  P.  for  Richmond  in  Yorkshire  in  several  Parliaments;  was  created 
a  Baronet  November  25,  1611 ;  and  died  in  1613. 

•  Sir  Francis  More,  of  Great  Fawley,  Berkshire,  was  an  eminent  Lawyer,  a  Member  of  Parliament, 
and  author  of  "Cases  collected  and  reported,"  folio,  1663.  He  died  November  20,  1621.  See  Chal- 
mers's Biographical  Dictionary.  His  son  Henry  became  a  Baronet  in  1627. 

3  Of  Hanworth.     See  the  "Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  III.  p.  513. 


THE    KING    AT    HANWORTH,  WINDSOR,  AND    EASTON    NESTON,    lG03.  l6"J 

pastimes,  and  partook  of  the  amusement  of  hunting    in   the  Park),  the  King 
conferred  the  honour  of  Knighthood  on 

Sir  Thomas  Goodnes,  of  Surrey.  Sir  John  Talbot,  of  Worcestershire. 

Sir  Thomas  Gorges,  of  Surrey.  Sir  Henry  Poole*,  of  Wiltshire. 

Sir  William  Welsh1,  of  Worcestershire.     Sir  John  Paulet,  of  Wiltshire. 
Sir  John  Townsend,  of  Shropshire.  Sir  Thomas  Compton,  of  Hertfordshire. 

Sir  George  Trenchard  2,  of  Dorsetshire.     Sir  John  Langton,  of  Lancashire. 
The  King  left  Windsor  June  25,  and  on  the  27th  arrived  at  Sir  George  Fermor's4. 


"  The  following  Noble  Personages  were  sent  to  attend  the  Queen  from  Scotland : 

The  Earle  of  Sussex.  The  Countesse  of  Worcester. 

The  Earle  of  Lincolne.  The  Countesse  of  Kildare. 

The  Lord  Compton.  The  Ladie  Anne  Herbert,  daughter  to 
The  Lord  Norris.  Henry  Earle  of  Pembrooke. 

Sir  George  Carew,  Knight,  Lord  Presi-     The  LadieScroope,  wife  to  Lord  Scroope. 

dent  of  Munster.  The  Ladie  Rich,  wife  to  the  Lord  Rich. 

Sir  John  Bucke,  Knight.  The  Ladie  Walsingham. 

1  Sir  William  Walsh,  of  Abberley,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Worcestershire  in  1598.   He  died  s.  p.  1618. 

8  Son  of  Sir  George  Trenchard,  of  Litchet  Maltravers,  Dorset;  he  died  s.  p.  in  his  father's  life-time. 

»  Sir  Henry  Poole  was  Sheriff  of  Wiltshire  in  1619. 

4  This  accomplished  Gentleman  might,  like  Sir  Fulk  Grevil,  have  boasted  of  being  the  friend  of  Sir 
Philip  Sidney,  having  contracted  an  intimacy  with  him  in  the  wars  in  the  Netherlands,  where  he  served 
all  his  youth,  under  William  Prince  of  Orange,  and  walked  at  the  funeral  of  the  celebrated  English 
hero.  He  also  improved  himself  by  foreign  travel;  lived  at  home  with  vast  splendour  and  hospitality. 
He  had  been  knighted  in  1586  by  Robert  Earl  of  Leicester,  the  Queen's  General.  He  was  Sheriff  of 
Northamptonshire  in  1590.  In  16O3  he  had  the  honour,  as  noticed  above,  of  entertaining  the  King 
and  Queen  ;  and  died  in  1612.  His  monument,  with  that  of  his  son  Sir  Hatton  Fermor  who  died  in 
1620,  in  consequence  of  a  broken  leg,  was  preserved  in  the  Church  at  Easton  Neston.  The  old  seat 
in  which  the  King  and  Queen  were  entertained,  which  was  a  large  one,  and  stood  below  the  Church  in 
the  Park,  a  mile  and  a  half  from  Towcester,  was  purchased  in  1530  by  Richard  Fermor,  a  merchant  in 
London,  and  still  continues  the  property  of  his  immediate  descendant  the  Earl  of  Pomfret.  The  body  of 
the  present  mansion  was  built  by  Hawkeamore;  the  wings  by  Sir  Christopher  Wren.  This  seat  was 
rendered  eminent  in  the  estimation  of  artists  and  connoisseurs  from  the  splendid  collection  of  ancient 
marbles,  pictures,  &c.  which  formerly  decorated,  and  gave  dignity  to  the  place.  The  statues,  &c. 
were  presented  to  the  University  of  Oxford  in  1755  by  Henrietta  Louisa  Countess  of  Pomfret,  a 
Lady  distinguished  for  her  literary  talents. 


168  THE    aUEEN's   JOURNEY    FROM    SCOTLAND, 

"These  Noblemen,  Knights,  and  Ladies,  by  especiall  direction  from  the  Lords 
of  the  Counsel!,  were  sent  to  attend  the  Queene  in  her  journey  from  Scotland 
into  England.  They  departed  from  London  the  second  day  of  May,  and  were 
directed  to  remaine  at  Barwicke  untill  her  Majestie's  comming  thither,  which  was 
not  many  dayes  after  their  arrivall  to  the  sayde  Towne.  Before  the  departure  of 
these  personages  aforesaid,  divers  Ladies  of  honour  went  voluntarily  into  Scotland 
to  attend  her  Majestic  in  her  journey  into  England,  as  the  Countesse  of  Bedford, 
the  Ladie  Hastings,  the  Ladie  Cecill,  the  Ladie  Hatton,  the  Ladie  Harington, 
and  divers  others ;  and  also  sundrie  Gentlemen  of  good  qualitie,  which  I  here 
omit;  so  as  the  Cjueene  was  very  horiourablie  attended  with  the  English,  besides 
sundrie  of  the  Scottish  Nobilitie  1." 

Notwithstanding  the  pressing  invitation  which  the  King  on  his  arrival  at  Green- 
wich had  given  to  his  Royal  Consort,  it  appears  that  the  Queen  made  more  haste 
than  he  had  anticipated.  The  first  notice  of  her  actual  journey  is  given  in  the 
following  Letter  from  the  Lord  Treasurer  Burleigh  to  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury, 
written  from  York  on  the  4th  of  June :  "  Hearing  of  your  Lordship's  present 
coming  down  to  your  house  at  Worksop,  not  knowing  whether  your  Lordship 
knew  of  her  Majestie's  late  alteration  to  come  speedier  journies  to  York  than  at 
the  first  it  was  thought  she  would  have  done3 ;  I  have  sent  your  Lordship  the  last 

1  Howes'  Chronicle. 

e  "  The  King,  before  he  set  out  for  England,  appointed  the  Queen  to  follow  him  within  about  twenty 
days  after,  and  the  Prince  to  remain  at  Stirling.  But  her  Majesty,  impatient  to  have  his  Highness  in 
her  own  power,  went  herself  to  Stirling,  in  order  to  bring  him  away  from  thence,  and  carry  him  with 
her  to  England.  The  Mends  of  the  House  of  Marr  (for  the  Earl  himself  attended  the  King  to 
England)  refusing  to  deliver  the  Prince  to  her,  she  fell  into  such  an  agony  of  grief  and  indignation, 
as  threw  her  into  a  fever,  and  occasioned  her  to  miscarry  of  the  child  with  which  she  was  pregnant. 
The  King  being  informed  of  this,  ordered  the  Earl  of  Marr  to  return  to  Scotland,  sending  after  him 
the  Duke  of  Lennox  with  a  warrant  to  receive  the  Prince,  and  deliver  him  to  the  Queen ;  which  was 
accordingly  done,  at  Holyrood  House  about  the  end  of  May.  Her  Majesty,  however,  not  satisfied  wilh 
this,  complained  in  very  strong  terms  of  the  dishonour  done  to  her ;  and  by  a  Letter  to  the  King  full 
of  passion,  which  she  gave  her  Almoner,  Mr.  John  Rpotswood,  soon  after  made  Archbishop  of 
Glasgow,  to  cany,  she  required  a  public  reparation  by  the  punishment  of  the  Earl  of  Marr  and  his 
servants.  The  King,  who  knew  his  Lordship  to  be  blameless,  and  desired  not  to  be  troubled  with 
such  business  at  that  time,  returned  to  her  this  answer ;  that  she  would  act  wisely  to  forget  the 
resentment  which  she  nourished  against  the  Earl,  and  thank  God  for  the  peaceable  possession  which 
they  had  obtained  of  these  Kingdoms  ;  which,  next  to  God's  goodness,  he  ascribed  to  the  last  nego- 
ciation  of  his  Lordship  in  England.  This  being  reported  to  the  Queen  by  the  messenger,  who  was 


THE  CLUEEN'S  ENTERTAINMENT  AT  YORK,  1603.  169 

postes,  whereby  your  Lordship  may  perceive  his  Majestic  will  be  here  upon  Satur- 
daye  next.  How  many  days  his  Majestie  meaneth  to  tarry  here  I  know  not 
until  her  coming ;  and  I  fear  she  hasten  her  journey  from  thence  by  taking  longer 
journeys  than  was  thought  of.  If  it  fall  out  so  I  will  advertise  your  Lordship  by 
poste  as  I  do  now." 

Dr.  Drake,  after  describing  the  King's  reception  at  York,  says,  "  The  Queen 
being  in  all  respects  prepared,  accompanyed,  and  attended  as  was  meet  for  soe 
great  a  Princesse,  being  likewise  accompanied  with  her  two  eldeste  childeren,  that 
is  to  say,  Prince  Harry  and  the  Lady  Elizabeth,  they  made  a  happy  journey  from 
Scotland  to  England,  and  were  in  all  places,  wheresoever  they  arrived,  most  joy- 
fully received  and  entertained  in  as  loving,  duteous,  and  honourable  a  manner  as 
all  Cities,  Townes,  and  particularly  Knyghtes  and  Gentlemen,  had  formerlie  done 
to  the  Kinge's  most  excellent  Majestic,  which  for  brevitie's  sake  1  here  omit.  And 
for  a  tast  for  all  will  only  speak  briefly  of  their  cominge  to  the  Cittie  of  Yorke, 
where  the  Lord  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Cittizens,  attending  their  coming  at  the 
outmost  boundes  of  their  Liberties,  with  all  magnificence  brought  the  Queen,  the 

commanded  to  represent  it  to  her,  she  in  great  anger  replied,  that  she  could  rather  liave  wished  never 
to  see  England,  than  to  be  obliged  for  it  to  the  Earl.  But,  upon  her  arrival  with  the  Prince  at  Windsor 
on  the  last  day  of  June,  having  spent  that  whole  month  in  their  journey  from  Edinburgh,  she  was 
reconciled  to  the  Earl,  who  by  an  Act  of  Council  was  declared  to  have  done  nothing  in  the  affair  at 
Stirling  that  might  affect  her  honour ;  and  the  King,  on  the  23d  of  June  that  year,  gave  his  Lordship, 
under  the  Great  Seal,  an  honourable  discharge  from  his  custody  of  the  Prince,  declaring,  that  himself 
had  cause  to  allow  of  that  great  care,  which  the  Earl  had  shown  in  providing  for  the  Prince's  vir- 
tuous education ;  that  his  Lordship  had  observed  his  Majesty's  directions  in  the  Prince's  delivery ; 
who  had  been  received  in  so  good  state  of  health  and  constitution  of  btxly  and  mind,  "  that  we  have," 
says  the  King,  "not  only  occasion  to  take  comfort  in  God's  favour  thereby  so  confirmed  to  us,  but 
do  now  testify  and  declare,  by  virtue  of  these  present  Letters,  that  we  discharge,  acquit,  and  exone- 
rate against  us,  our  heirs  and  successors,  the  Earl  of  Marr,  concerning  the  education  and  delivery  of 
our  Son ;  and  do  notify  to  the  world,  that  we  have  received  full  and  entire  satisfaction  answerable  to 
the  trust  reposed  in  him,  and  are  resolved  to  lay  it  up  in  memory,  as  a  record  of  his  constant  love  and 
duty  towards  us ;  and  taking  ourselves  bound,  in  the  honour  and  gratitude  of  a  Prince,  not  only  to 
give  him  acquittance,  but  to  reward  him  in  time  coming  for  so  great  and  memorable  a  service."  HU 
Majesty  had  already  honoured  him  with  the  Garter,  with  which  he  was  invested  on  the  23d  of  April ; 
and  he  afterwards  made  him  a  grant  of  several  Abbey  and  other  Church  lands,  and  raised  him  to  the 
post  of  Lord  High  Treasurer  of  Scotland,  on  the  removal  of  his  disgraced  favourite,  Robert  Ker, 
Earl  of  Somerset,  on  the  2d  of  December  1615,  which  the  Earl  of  Marr  di.charged  till  1630,  when 
he  resigned  it  on  account  of  his  age  and  infirmities  ;  and,  retiring  to  his  seat  in  the  country,  died  the 
16th  of  December  1637,  being  seventy-nine  years  old."  Birch's  Life  of  Henry  Prince  of  Wales,  p.  29. 
VOL.  I.  Z 


170  THE   aUEEN    AT   YORK,  VVORKSOP,  AND    WOLLATON    HALL,  160$. 

Prince,  and  the  Lady  Elizabeth  unto  the  Cittie  of  York  [on  Saturday]  the  llth 
of  June ;  where  they  reposed  themselves  certain  daies,  in  which  space  the  Cittie 
spared  not  for  any  coste  to  give  them  Royal  entertainment,  and  presented  them 
with  several  giftes  as  true  signes  of  their  zealous  love  and  duty.  The  Queen  came 
thither  on  Whitsun  eve,  and  upon  Wednesday  following  [June  15]  the  Queen, 
with  the  Prince  and  Lady  Elizabeth,  rode  from  York  to  Grimston,  &c. 

"  The  presents  that  were  bestowed  on  this  occasion,  I  find  in  an  old  manuscript, 
were,  first,  a  large  silver  cup,  with  a  cover  double  gilt,  weighing  forty-eight 
ounces,  to  the  Queen,  with  fourscore  angells  of  gold  included  in  it.  To  the 
Prince  was  presented  a  silver  cup  with  a  cover,  double  gilt,  weight  twenty  ounces, 
and  twenty  pounds  in  gold.  And,  lastly,  to  the  Princess  Elizabeth,  a  purse  of 
twenty  angells  of  gold." 

After  quitting  York,  the  Queen  with  the  Royal  Children  and  their  attendants 
were  entertained,  first  at  Grimston,  and  next  by  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury  at 
Worksop;  whence,  passing  through  Newark  and  Nottingham1,  we  find  them 
on  the  21st  at  Wollaton  Hall,  the  seat  of  Sir  Percival  Willoughby  2,  who  had  pre- 
viously attended  the  King  on  his  journey  through  Nottinghamshire,  and  had  been 
knighted  at  Worksop  (see  p.  88.) 

The  next  remove  of  the  Royal  Party  was  to  Ashby-de-la-Zouch,  the  noble  man- 
sion of  George  Earl  of  Huntingdon,  as  will  appear  from  the  following  Letter 
addressed  to  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury3: 

1  "King  James  I.  was  six  several  times  at  Nottingham.  His  Queen  also  visited  that  place.  King 
Charles  was  there  twice  while  Prince,  and  four  times  when  King.  Dering,  p.  219,  from  the  Manu- 
script of  an  anonymous  Author,  which  he  often  quotes,  who  wrote  about  the  middle  of  the  l"th 
century,  and  appeals  to  persons  then  living. 

1  This  Gentleman  married  Bridget,  one  of  the  daughters  and  coheirs  of  Sir  Francis  Willoughby, 
by  whom  Wollatou  Hall  had  been  built  in  1588.  This  house  is  situate  about  two  miles  from  Notting- 
ham, on  a  gentle  rise  of  ground. — "  Wollaton,"  says  Camden,  "is  rich  in  seams  of  coal,  where  Sir 
Francis  Willoughby,  Knight,  nobly  descended  from  the  Greys  Marquis  of  Dorset,  in  our  days  built  out 
of  the  ground  with  great  charges  (yet  for  the  most  part  levied  out  of  the  coal-pits)  a  stately  house, 
with  artificial  workmanship,  standing  bleakly,  but  offering  a  very  good  prospect  to  the  beholders  far 
and  near."  It  is  square,  with  four  large  towers,  adorned  with  pinnacles ;  and  in  the  centre,  the  body 
of  the  house  rises  higher,  with  projecting  coped  turrets  at  the  corners.  It  is  now  the  seat  of  Henry 
Willoughby  Lord  Middleton. 

3  Printed  in  the  History  of  Leicestershire,  vol.  III.  p.  589,  from  the  unpublished  Talbot  Papers, 
K.  84. — The  article  which  immediately  follows,  in  the  Manuscript  Volume,  is  a  Letter  from  Sir 
Francis  Newport  to  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury,  dated  Eyton,  June  13,  with  a  present  of  some  provi- 
sions from  his  Lady  to  the  Countess  against  the  Queen's  coming  to  Worksop. 


THE    QUEEN    AT   ASHBY-DE-LA-ZOUCH,  lG03.  171 

"  Right  Honourable ;  Presuminge  that  your  Lordship  will  beare  with  my  bowld- 
ness  whearin  my  intent  is  honest;  this  daye  Sir  William  Skipwith  and  myselfe 
mett  att  my  honourable  Lord  of  Huntingdon's  att  dinner.  After  that  Sir  William 
was  gonne,  his  Lordship  talked  with  me  in  pryvat,  and  seemed  to  be  very  desyrous 
to  have  the  Quien  to  come  to  his  howse  ;  and  spake  yt  to  that  end  as  1  didd  verry 
well  parseyvey*  yt  might  come  to  your  eares;  and  further  willed  me  to  use  my 
witts  in  this  matter,  so  as  ye  your  Lordship  might  also  know  yl  yf  you  pleased  to 
be  a  meanes  to  effect  yt,  he  would  take  yt  as  a  great  kyndnes  prosedinge  from 
yourselfe.  He  would  not  be  a  mediator  of  this  himselfe  (I  pseyved  by  him)  be- 
cause psons  of  his  place  would  not  wyllingly  ressey ve  a  denyall  in  so  indyfferent  a 
cawse.  Yf  your  honour  thynke  yt  will  be  donne  to  his  Lordship's  content, 
though  yt  be  upon  this  soddeyn,  he  wyll  be  well  provyded  according  to  the  time 
this  bearer  shall  spidily  retowrn  to  bringe  answer.  The  wey  from  Wooleatton,  I 
dare  assure  your  Lordship,  will  be  easie  and  fayr,  and  is  just  tenn  myles.  So, 
with  my  hartie  preyer  to  Allmyghty  God  to  bless  your  Lordship,  with  all  honour  as 
my  hart  desyreth,  I  most  humbly  take  my  leave. 

"  Your  Honour's  most  bounden  during  lyffe,          ROBERT  BAINBRIGG  '. 
"  Calke,  this  13th  day  of  June  1605. 

"  As  I  was  wrytinge,  my  Lorde  writte  me  a  very  earnest  Letter,  which  att  my 
attendinge  uppon  your  Honour  I  will  shewe  you.  This  accomplished  will  breed  a 
continewall  love  betwixt  your  howses  for  ever.  Your  Lordship's  gest,  Mr.  Rowe, 
of  Leicester,  is  newly  dead,  but  not  of  any  contagious  sicknes. 

"  To  the  Right  Honble  my  approved  good  Lord  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury." 

The  result  of  this  request  was  favourable  to  the  wishes  of  the  noble  Earl ;  who 
had  the  honour  of  entertaining  the  Royal  Visitors  on  the  22d  of  June. 

It  being  expected  that  the  Queen  and  Prince  would  come  to  Leicester,  in  their 
way  to  London,  the  following  preparations  were  made  for  her  reception : 

"  At  a  Common  Hall,  June  10,  it  was  thought  fit  to  give  a  present  to  her  Ma- 
jesty, and  another  to  the  Prince ;  and  it  was  agreed  to  take  up  3^.40  to  that 
use,  without  any  taxation." 

And  on  Sunday,  June  19,  "  At  a  meeting  of  the  Aldermen,  it  was  agreed, 
that  the  Mayor,  and  six  of  the  antient  Brethren  which  have  been  Mayors,  shall 
meet  the  Queen  on  horseback  ;  and  the  Chief  Mace-bearer  to  ride,  and  the  rest  of 
the  Twenty-four  to  go  on  foot,  and  the  other  Serjeants.  The  present  appointed; — 
first,  one  standing  cup,  with  a  cover  of  silver  double  gilt,  to  be  given  to  the  Queen's 
'  Of  whom,  and  of  his  Family,  see  the  History  of  Leicestershire,  vol.  III.  j>.  632. 


172  THE    ftUEEN's    ENTERTAINMENT    AT    LEICESTER,   1603. 

Majesty ;  and  one  other  like  cup,  with  a  cover  of  silver  double  gilt,  to  be  given 
to  the  Prince. 

"Mem.  Thursday,  23  June,  Queen  Anne  and  Prince  Henry  came  from  Ashby- 
de-la-Zouch  (from  the  Earl  of  Huntingdon's)  to  Leicester,  and  lay  that  night  at 
Sir  William  Skipwith's  '  house ;  and  the  Princess,  the  King's  Daughter,  came  to 
Leicester  on  Wednesday  night  next  before,  and  lay  at  Mr.  Pilkington's  house; 
and  the  Queen,  Prince,  and  Princess  2,  went  from  Leicester  on  Friday,  June  24, 
to  Dingley,  Sir  Thomas  Griffin's  house. 

"Mem.  That  Mr.  Mayor  and  his  Company  received  the  Queen  beyond  the  West 
Bridge,  viz.  between  the  said  bridge  and  the  corner,  as  far  as  the  old  Liberties  go, 
standing  along  by  the  Freer-wall  side,  where  Mr.  Mayor  presented  to  her  the 
bigger  and  fairer  of  the  said  cups,  and  to  the  Prince  the  other  cup ;  and  did 
present  the  Princess,  at  her  lodging,  with  wine  and  sugar,  whom  upon  Wednesday 
night  he  met  and  conducted  to  her  lodging. 

"Mem.  That  there  was  no  Oration  made  to  the  Queen,  for  that  the  Recorder, 
for  that  purpose  came  that  Thursday  morning  from  Boney,  fell  sick  at  Leicester, 
where  he  remained  sick  till  Sunday  next  after,  and  then  went  home  sick3. 
"  Fees  paid  to  the  King's  Officers  attending  her  Majesty  : 

To  the  Gentleman  Usher,  40s.  Groom  of  the  Chamber,  20*. 

Yeoman  Usher,  20*.  Yeoman  of  the  Stirrup,  20*. 

Litterman,  20*.  Footman,  20*. 

Porter,  10*.  Herbengers,  20*. 

Trumpeters,  40*.  Queen's  Whey  [way]  maker,  13*.  4d. 

Suiha  totalis  ,=£.11.  3*.  4^.4" 

1  See  before,  p.  83. — Fuller  says,  "  He  was  deservedly  knighted,  being  a  person  of  much  valour, 
judgment,  and  wisdome,  dexterous  at  the  making  fit  and  acute  Epigrams,  Poesies,  Mottoes,  and 
Devices,  but  chiefly  at  Impreses,  neither  so  apparent  that  every  rustick  might  understand  them,  nor 
so  obscure  that  they  needed  an  CEdipus  to  interpret  them." 

*  The  Princess  Eli/abeth  made  no  stay  at  Dingley ;  but  proceeded,  under  the  superintendance  of 
Lady  Kildare  and  Lady  Harington,  to  Combe  Abbey,  near  Coventry ;  a  residence  which  Lady  Haring- 
ton. had  brought  by  marriage  to  Sir  John  Harington,  who  in  April  had  entertained  the  King  at  Bur- 
ley-on-the-Hill. 

3  "  Richard  Parkins,  Esq.  an  Apprentice  of  the  Law  of  the  Inner  Temple,  and  a  reverend  man  in 
his  time  for  his  learning  and  judgement,  purchased  the  intire  manor  of  Boney,  and  with  his  posterity 
it  still  continueth."  Thoroton. — The  family  were  raised  to  an  Irish  Peerage,  by  the  title  of  Lord 
Rancliffe,  'in  1795.  —  Mr.  Parkins  died  July  3,  1603 ;  and  is  described  on  his  tomb  at  Boney  as 
"  Justice  of  the  Peace  and  Quorum  in  the  County  of,  Nottingham,  Recorder  of  the  Towns  of 
Leicester  and  Nottingham,  and  an  antient  Utter  Barrister  in  the  Inner  Temple." 

*  Extracted  from  the  Corporation  Books  of  the  Borough  of  Leicester. — See  the  History  of  that 
County,  vol.  I.  p.  417. 


THE    ftUEEN's    ENTERTAINMENT   AT    DINGLEY,  1603. 

At  Dingley  ',  the  Queen  and  her  two  Children  were  handsomely  entertained  by 
Sir  Thomas  Griffin2.  Here  it  was  that  the  Countesses  of  Warwick  and  Cum- 
berland, with  Lady  Anne  Clifford,  and  several  others,  first  paid  their  compliments 
to  the  Queen;  and  the  Diary  of  the  last  mentioned  Lady  affords  some  particulars, 
not  elsewhere  to  be  found,  of  her  Majesty's  further  Progress : 

"All  this  Springe  I  had  my  health  verie  well.  My  father  vsed  to  come  some 
tymes  to  vs  at  Clerken-well,  but  not  often  ;  for  he  had  at  this  tyme,  as  it  wheare, 
whollie  left  my  mother :  yet  the  house  was  kept  still  at  his  charge.  About  this 
tyme  my  aunt  of  Bath  and  hir  Lord  came  to  London,  and  brought  wth  them  my 
Lo.  Fitzwaren  and  my  cozen  Fraunces  Bourcher,  whom  I  mett  at  Bagshot,  where 
I  lay  all  night  wth  my  cozen  Fraunces  Bourcher  and  Mrs.  Marie  Carie,  wcb  was 
the  first  beginninge  of  the  greatnes  betweene  vs.  About  5  mile  from  London 
there  met  them  my  mother,  my  Lo.  of  Bedford  and  his  La.,  my  unckle  Russell, 
and  much  other  companie,  soe  that  we  weare  in  number  about  300,  wch  did  all 
accompanie  them  to  Bath  House,  where  they  continued  most  of  that  Sommer, 
whither  I  went  dailie  and  visited  them,  and  grew  more  inward  wft  my  cozen 
Fraunces  and  Mrs.  Gary.  About  this  tyme  my  aunt  of  Warwick  went  to  meete 
the  Queene,  haueinge  Mrs.  Bridges  wth  her,  and  my  [cousin]  Anne  Vauisor;  my 
mother  and  I  should  have  gone  wtt  them,  but  that  hir  horses,  wch  she  borrowed  of 
Mr.  Elmes  and  old  Mr.  Hickley,  weare  not  ready;  yet  I  went  the  same  night 
and  ouertooke  my  aunt  at  Tittenhanger3,  my  Lady  Blunt's  house,  where  my 
mother  came  the  next  day  to  me  about  noone,  my  aunt  being  gone  before.  Then 
my  mother  and  I  went  on  or  iorney  to  ouertake  hir,  and  kild  three  horses  that  day 
w*  extreamitie  of  heate,  and  came  to  Wrest4,  my  Lord  of  Kent's  house,  where 

1  Dingley  Hall  was  lately  the  residence  of  John  Peach  Hungerford,  Esq.  who  dying  in  1809,  be- 
queathed it  to  Henry  Hungerford  Holdich,  Esq.  the  present  owner.  It  is  a  handsome  mansion,  partly 
erected  in  the  ancient,  and  partly  in  the  modern  style.  The  entrance  to  one  of  the  fronts  is  by  a 
noble  portico,  the  entablature  of  which,  supported  by  Ionic  columns,  has  several  inscriptions  dated  1558. 

1  Sir  Thomas  Griffin  was  twice  married.  By  the  first  wife,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Mor- 
ton, he  had  no  issue ;  and  by  the  second,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Touchet  Lord  Audley,  had  only 
one  daughter,  Lucy,  married  to  Sir  Richard  Wiseman.  He  died  in  1615 ;  and  his  property  at  Ding- 
ley,  Braybrook,  and  Gumley,  devolved  on  his  brother  Sir  Edward  Griffin,  whose  son  Sir  Edward,  was 
created  Baron  Griffin  of  Braybrook  in  168S,  and  died  in  171O. 

1  Tittenhanger  Park  in  Hertfordshire  ;  now  the  property  of  the  Earl  of  Hardwicke. 

4  Wrest  Park,  the  residence  of  the  Countess  De  Grey,  the  Representative  of  the  Kent  Family.  The 
mansion  retains  little  appearance  of  antiquity,  having  at  different  times  been  altered  and  modernized. 
It  is  a  handsome  white  stone  structure,  ornamented  with  a  number  of  paintings,  chiefly  portraits, 
among  which  there  is  a  series  of  the  noble  family  of  Grey,  from  Henry  Earl  of  Kent  down  to  the 
present  time. 


174  THE    aUEEN   AND    PRINCE    VISITS    HOLDENBY,  16*03. 

we  found  the  dores  shutt,  and  none  in  the  house  but  one  servaunt,  who  only  had 
the  keyes  of  the  hall,  so  that  we  weare  enforced  to  lie  in  the  hall  all  night,  till 
towards  morneinge,  at  wch  tyme  came  a  man  and  lett  vs  into  the  higher  roomes, 
where  we  slept  three  or  four  bowers.  This  morneinge  we  hasted  away  betyme, 
and  that  night  to  Rockingham  Castle,  where  we  ouertooke  my  aunt  of  Warwick 
and  hir  companie,  where  we  continued  a  day  or  two  wth  old  Sr  Edward  Watson 
and  his  Lady.  Then  we  went  to  my  La.  Nedum's,  who  once  serued  my  aunt  of 
Warwick,  and  from  thence  to  a  Sister  of  hirs  whose  name  I  haue  forgotten. 
Thither  came  my  La.  of  Bedford  ',  who  was  then  so  great  a  woman  wth  the  Queene 
as  euerie  body  much  respected  hir,  she  hauinge  attended  the  Queene  from  out  of 
Scotland.  The  next  day  we  went  to  Mr.  Griffin,  of  Dinglies,  wch  was  the  first 
tyme  I  euer  saw  the  Queene  and  Prince  Henrie,  wher  she  kissed  vs  all,  and  vsed 
us  kindly.  Thither  came  my  La.  of  Suffolk,  my  yeonge  La.  Darby,  and  my  La. 
Walsingham,  wch  three  Ladies  wear  the  great  fauorits  of  Sr  Robert  Sicill.  That 
night  we  went  alonge  wth  the  Queene's  Traine,  ther  beinge  an  infinit  companie  of 
coaches ;  and,  as  I  take  it,  my  aunt,  and  my  mother  and  I  lay  at  Sr  Ritchard 
Knightlies,  wher  tny  La.  Eliz.  Knightly  made  exceedinglie  much  of  vs.  The 
same  night  my  mother  and  I,  and  my  coz.  Ann  Vavisor  rid  on  horseback  throw 
Couentrie,  and  went  to  a  Gentleman's  house  wher  ye  La.  Eliz.  hir  Grace  lay,  wch 
was  the  first  tyme  I  ever  saw  hir,  my  La.  Kildare  and  ye  La.  Harington  being  hir 
Governesses.  The  same  night  we  returned  to  Sr  Richard  Knightlie's.  The  next  day, 
as  I  take  it,  we  went  along  with  the  Queen  to  Althroppe3,  my  Lord  Spencer's  house, 
where  my  mother  and  I  saw  my  cozen  Henrie  Clifford  my  unkle's  son  which  was 
the  first  tyme  we  ever  saw  him." 

1  Lucy,  wife  of  Edward  Russell,  third  Earl  of  Bedford  of  that  name.  She  was  daughter  of  John 
Lord  Harington,  sister  and  coheir  of  John,  the  second  Lord  Harington.  She  was  a  great  patron  of  the 
wits  of  her  day ;  particularly  Donne,  who  wrote  an  elegy  on  her,  Daniel,  who  addressed  an  epistle  to 
her,  and  Ben  Jonson  two  epigrams.  Pennant  says,  "  her  vanity  and  extravagance  met  with  no  check 
under  the  reign  of  her  quiet  spouse.  The  Earl  died  s.  p.  May  3,  1627.  She  long  survived  him.  A 
tomb  was  made  by  Nicholas  Stone,  statuary  to  King  James  I.  for  her  father  and  mother,  brother 
and  sister,  and  erected  at  Exton  in  Rutland,  for  which  he  received  of  this  Countess  a£.l,020;  a  print 
of  it  is  in  Wright's  History,  p.  57 ;  and  see  VValpole's  Anecdotes  of  Painting. 

*  Lady  Anne  Clifford,  in  a  note,  thus  corrects  her  narrative :  "  The  Queene  and  Prince  came  to  Al- 
thorpe  the  25th  of  June,  beinge  Saterdaye,  but  as  I  remember  my  aunt  of  Warwick,  my  mother,  and 
I  came  not  thither  till  the  next  daye,  w*  Sunday  was  kept  wth  great  solemnitie,  ther  beinge  an  infinit 
number  of  Lords  and  Ladies.  Heere  we  saw  my  coz.  Clifford  first.  Heere  we  saw  the  Queene's 
favoure  to  my  La.  Hatton  and  my  La.  Cecill,  for  she  shewed  noe  favoure  to  the  elderly  La«  but  to  my 
La.  Rich,  and  such  like  companie." 


THE    ftUEEN   AND    PRINCE   AT   ALTHORP,  1603. 

On  the  morning  of  Saturday  the  25th  of  June,  the  Princess  Elizabeth  was  sent 
from  Dingley  to  Combe  Abbey,  near  Coventry;  and  the  Queen  and  the  Prince 
Henry,  after  a  short  survey  of  Holdenby  House l  in  their  route,  proceeded  to 
Althorp8,  in  the  parish  of  Rington,  four  miles  from  Northampton3,  the  seat 
of  Sir  Robert  Spencer;  where, at  their  entrance  into  the  gardens,  an  Entertain- 
ment, or  Masque  was  given  them,  composed  by  the  vigorous  Muse  of  Ben  Jon- 
son,  and  afterwards  published  in  a  small  Tract4. 

1  This  Royal  Palace,  afterwards  more  than  once  visited  by  King  James,  will  be  no<iced  in  p.  185. 

4  The  King,  partly  in  return  for  the  liberality  of  the  reception  of  bis  Queen  and  Son  at  Althorp, 
and  still  more  in  consequence  of  the  long  established  reputation  and  great  property  of  the  Proprietor, 
created  Sir  Robert  Spencer  a  Peer  of  the  Realm — the  date  of  the  creation,  according  to  Dugdale, 
being  the  21st  of  July  in  the  same  year.  A  testimony  of  the  gratitude  of  Lord  Spencer  in  return  for 
such  an  honour  bestowed  upon  him  is  still  in  existence  by  a  stone  building  erected  towards  the  North- 
west extremity  of  the  park, — called  The  Hunting  Stand;  in  the  front  of  which  are  the  Royal  Arms, 
very  beautifully  cut  in  stone,  while  the  arms  of  the  owner,  as  a  Peer  of  the  Realm,  are  as  beautifully 
executed  on  the  Western  side  of  the  building.  I,ord  Spencer  had  hardly  been  raised  to  the  Peerage 
four  months  when  he  was  chosen  by  his  Sovereign  to  be  Embassador  to  Frederick  Duke  of  Wirtem-  ' 
berg,  to  invest  him  with  the  Order  of  the  Garter  (a  Ceremonial  which  will  be  duly  noticed  in  a  subse- 
quent page.)  On  the  arrival  of  Lord  Spencer  in  England,  "  he  was  received,"  says  Collins,  "  by  his 
Prince,  with  particular  marks  of  distinction  for  his  noble  carriage  and  behaviour  in  his  Embassy." 
His  conduct  at  home,  and  especially  in  the  Senate,  has  been  not  less  the  subject  of  commendation. 
The  remainder  of  the  life  of  this  virtuous  Nobleman  was  devoted  to  his  senatorial  duties  and  rural 
occupations.  From  the  year  1624,  to  the  time  of  his  death,  he  was  on  most  Committees  on  public 
affairs,  a  constant  promoter  and  maintaincr  of  the  manufactories,  trades,  and  liberties  of  the  Realm, 
an  opposer  of  all  arbitrary  grants,  monopolies,  or  other  indirect  practices,  and,  finally,  was  seasoned 
with  a  just  tincture  of  all  private  and  public  virtues.  He  died  in  1627,  having  been  a  widower  thirty 
years.  His  wife  Margaret  was  daughter  and  coheir  of  Sir  Francis  Willoughby,  of  Wollaton  in  Not- 
tinghamshire, by  whom  he  had  four  sons  and  three  daughters.  She  died  in  childbed  in  l.r>97.  Sir 
Richard  Spencer,  who  was  knighted  by  the  King  on  his  first  arrival  at  Theobalds  May  7,  as 
noticed  in  p.  112,  was  uncle  to  Sir  Robert. — For  further  particulars  on  the  character  of  this  noble 
Lord,  and,  his  illustrious  descendants,  see  the  animated  pages  of  Mr.  Dibdin's  "  JEdes  Althorpianae." 

3  Mr.  Dibdin  (on  the  authority  of  Mr.  Gifford)  says,  "The  Queen  and  Prince  Henry  came  from 
Holdenby  to  Northampton,  where  they  were  received  in  great  state  by  the  Municipal  Magistrates." 
But  I  find  no  trace  of  such  a  Visit  of  the  Queen ;  nor  is  it  likely  that  it  should  have  taken  place. 
The  Royal  Party  were  at  Dingley  on  the  morning  of  the  25th,  and  at  Althorp,  a  distance  of  at  least 
fifteen  miles,  early  in  the  afternoon.     Northampton  would  have  unnecessarily  extended  the  journey. 

4  This  "Tract,"  a  quarto  of  eight  leaves,  is  now  extremely  rare;  a  copy  of  it  is  preserved  at 
Althorp ;  another  is  among  the  noble  gifts  of  Mr.  Gough  to  the  Bodleian  Library ;  and  a  third 
copy,  in  Mr.  Garrick's  Library,  bound  with  some  other  Tracts,  was  sold  for  eighteen  guineas. 


A  PARTICULAR  ENTERTAINMENT ' 

OF   THE 
QUEENE  AND  PRINCE  THEIR  HIGHNES'SE  TO  ALTHORPE, 

AT    THE 

RIGHT  HONOURABLE  THE  LORD  SPENCER'S, 

On  Saterday,  being  the  25th  of  June,  1603,  as  they  came  first  into  the  Kingdome. 

The  Author  B.  J. 


A  SATYR  lodged  in  a  spinet 2,  by  which  her  Majesty  and  the  Prince  were  to  come3, 
at  the  report  of  certain  cornets  that  were  divided  in  several  places  of  the 
park,  to  signify  her  approach,  advanced  his  head  above  the  top  of  the  ivood, 
wondering,  and,  with  his  pipe  in  his  hand,  began  asfolloweth : 

Here !  there !  and  every  where ! 
Some  solemnities  are  near, 
That  these  changes  strike  mine  ear. 
My  pipe  and  I  a  part  shall  bear. 

1  This  "Entertainment,"  and  several  other  articles  by  BEN  JONSON,  interspersed  in  these  Volumes, 
are  printed  from  the  Folio  Edition  of  1616,  collated  with  that  by  Mr.  Whalley  in  1756,  and  the  much 
improved  one  by  Mr.  Gilford  in  1816.  Subsequently  to  1616,  they  are  in  like  manner  printed  from 
the  Folio  Edition  of  1691  collated  with  the  later  Editions. — The  Notes  of  the  Author  are  here  printed 
without  any  signature ;  those  signed  W.  are  by  Mr.  Whalley. — Mr.  Gifford's  are  signed  G. — Those 
marked  N.  are  by  the'present  Editor. — The  "  Entertainment,"  Mr.  Dibdin  observes,  was  in  the  usual 
fashionable  style  of  the  day,  being  a  sort  of  Rural  or  Pastoral  Drama ;  in  which  Fairies,  Satyrs, 
Shepherds,  and  allegorical  personages,  were  mixed  together  in  the  most  singular  and  not  unamusing 
manner.  N. 

*  i.  e.  a  copse  of  young  wood.     W. 

3  It  is  easy,  or  rather,  it  is  not  easy,  to  conceive  the  surprise  and  delight  with  which  Queen  Anne, 
who  had  a  natural  taste  for  these  elegant  and  splendid  exhibitions,  must  have  witnessed  the  present ;  she 
who  in  Denmarkhad  seen  perhaps  no  Royal  amusement  but  drinking-bouts,  and  in  Scotland  been  regaled 
with  nothing  better  than  "ane  goodly  ballad  called  Philotas,"  or  the  ribaldry  of  the  Lion  King,  as 
his  countrymen  delight  to  call  Sir  David  Lyndsay,  in  the  interminable  "  Satyre  of  the  three  Eistatis." 
In  somewhat  less  than  a  month  after  the  date  of  this  Entertainment,  Sir  Robert  Spencer  was 
advanced  to  the  dignity  of  a  Baron.  "  He  was,"  says  Fuller,  "  the  fifth  Knight  of  his  family  in  an 
immediate  succession,  well  allied  and  well  extracted,  being  descended  from  the  Spencers  Earls  of 
Gloucester  and  Winchester.  In  the  first  year  of  King  James  (21st  July,  1603)  he  was  created  Baron 
Spencer  of  Warmleiton  in  the  County  of  Warwick.  He  was  a  good  patriot,  of  a  quick  and  clear 
spirit." — Fuller  might  have  extended  his  panegyric  without  any  violation  of  truth.  G. 


A    MASfttJE    BEFORE    THE    ftUEEN    AND    PRINCE    AT   ALTHORP,   1603.  177 

\Afler  a  short  strain  with  his  pipe; 

Look,  see! — beshrew  this  tree! 
What  may  all  this  wonder  be  ? 
Pipe  it  who  that  list  for  me: 
I'll  fly  out  abroad,  and  see. 

[Here  he  leaped  down,  and  gazed  the  Queen  and  the  Prince  in  the  face. 

That  is  Cyparissus'  face '  ! 

And  the  dame  hath  Syrinx'  grace! 

0  that  Pan  were  now  in  place — 
Sure  they  are  of  heavenly  race. 

[Here  he  ran  into  the  wood  again,  and  hid  himself,  whilst  to  the  sound  of  excellent 
soft  music,  that  was  concealed  in  the  thicket,  there  came  tripping  up  the  lawn 
a  bevy  of  Fairies,  attending  on  Mab  their  Queen,  who  falling  into  an  artificial 
ring,  began  to  dance  around,  while  their  Mistresse  spake  asjolloweth  : 

Mab.  Hail  and  welcome,  worthiest  Queen  ! 
Joy  had  never  perfect  been 
To  the  nymphs  that  haunt  this  green, 
Had  they  not  this  evening  seen. 
Now  they  print  it  on  the  ground 
With  their  feet  in  figures  round ; 
Marks  that  will  be  ever  found, 
To  remember  this  glad  stound  2. 

Sat.  [Peeping  out  of  the  bush. 
Trust  her  not,  you  bonnibell, 
She  will  forty  leasings  tell ; 

1  do  know  her  pranks  right  well. 

Mab.  Satyr,  we  must  have  a  spell 

For  your  tongue,  it  runs  too  fleet. 

Sat.  Not  so  nimbly  as  your  feet, 

When  about  the  cream-bowls  sweet, 
You  and  all  your  elves  do  meet. 

[Here  he  came  hopping  forth,  and  mixing  himself  in tli  the  Fairies,  skipped  in, 
out,  and  about  their  circle,  while  they  made  many  offers  to  catch  at  him. 

'  This  is  not  mere  compliment,  for  the  Prince,  if  we  may  trust  the  writers  of  those  times,  was  a 
very  handsome  youth.  Milton  has  numerous  obligations  to  this  little  piece,  as,  indeed,  he  has  to 
most  of  those  which  follow,  in  the  present,  and  subsequent  volume.  G. 

*  i.  e.  time  or  season.     It  is  so  used  by  our  old  poets.     W. 

VOL.  I.  2  A 


1 


THE    SATYR,  A    MASftUE,  BY    BEN    JONSON, 

This  is  Mab  the  Mistress  Fairy l, 
That  doth  nightly  rob  the  dairy, 
And  can  hurt  or  help  the  cherning, 
As  she  please,  without  discerning. 

Fai.  Pug,  you  will  anon  take  warning  2  ? 

Sat.  She  that  pinches  country  wenches, 
If  they  rub  not  clean  their  benches, 
And  with  sharper  nails  remembers 
When  they  rake  not  up  their  embers  ; 
But  if  so  they  chance  to  feast  her, 
In  a  shoe  she  drops  a  tester. 

2  Fai.  Shall  we  strip  the  skipping  jester  ? 

Sat.  This  is  she  that  empties  cradles, 
Takes  out  children,  puts  in  ladles: 
Trains  forth  midwives  in  their  slumber, 
With  a  sieve  the  boles  to  number; 
And  then  leads  them  from  her  burrows, 
Home  through  ponds  and  water-furrows. 

1  Fai.  Shall  not  all  this  mocking  stir  us  ? 

Sat.  She  can  start  our  Franklin's  daughters, 
In  her  sleep,  with  shrieks  and  laughters; 
And  on  sweet  St.  Anna's  night3, 
Feed  them  with  a  promised  sight, 
Some  of  husbands,  some  of  lovers, 
Which  an  empty  dream  discovers. 

1  Fai.  Satyr,  vengeance  near  you  hovers. 

1  This  Fairy  Mythology,  which  has  been  copied  by  Milton,  and  which  has  sufficient  beauty  to  make 
it  familiar  to  every  reader  of  poetry,  is  quoted  by  Mr.  Brand  in  his  "  Popular  Antiquities,"  from  a 
scarce  book  in  his  possession !  This  is  also  the  case  with  many  other  passages  of  Jonson,  which  are 
given  with  all  due  mystery,  at  the  hundredth  hand,  from  some  "  rare  treatise  in  the  author's  collec- 
tion." G. 

'  Mr.  Malone  says  in  his  Second  Appendix,  "  There  is,  I  believe,  no  instance  of  a  triplet  being 
used  in  Shakspeare's  time."  p.  57.  To  go  no  further,  there  are  at  least  half  a  dozen  instances  in 
this  little  piece.  G. 

3  The  old  copy  reads  Ann,  which  is  evidently  imperfect.  The  feat  it  alludes  to  is  sometimes  said 
to  be  performed  upon  St.  dgnes'  night}  and  'tis  possible  this  might  have  been  the  original  reading.  W. 


PERFORMED    BEFORE   THE    ftUEEN    AND    PRINCE   AT   ALTHORP,  10*03.         179 

Sat.  And  in  hope  that  you  would  come  here 
Yester-eve,  the  Lady  Summer  ' 
She  invited  to  a  banquet — 
But  (in  sooth)  I  con  you  thank  yet, 
That  you  could  so  well  deceive  her 
Of  the  pride  which  gan  up-heave  her ! 
And,  by  this,  would  so  have  blown  her 
As  no  wood-god  should  have  known  her. 

[Skips  into  the  wood. 

I  Fai.  Mistress,  this  is  only  spite: 

For  you  would  not  yesternight 
Kiss  him  in  the  cock-shut  light8. 

Sat.   [returning.'] 

By  Pan,  and  thou  hast  hit  it  right. 

Mob.  Fairies,  pinch  him  black  and  blue, 
Now  you  have  him,  make  him  rue. 

[They  lay  hold  of  him,  and  nip  him. 

Sat.  Ohold,  [Mistress]  Mab!  I  sue3. 

1  .Fai.  Nay,  the  devil  shall  have  his  due. 

[Here  he  ran  quite  away,  and  left  them  in  a  confusion. 

Mab.  Pardon,  Lady,  this  wild  strain, 
Common  with  the  sylvan  train, 

1  For  she  was  expected  there  on  Midsummer-day  at  night,  but  came  not  till  the  day  following.    G. 
•  That  is,  in  the  twilight.    Thus  Shakspeare: 

"  Thomas  the  Earl  of  Surry,  and  himself, 

Much  about  cock-shut  time  went  thro'  the  army."  Rich.  III.  A.  5.  S.3. 

Here  the  speaker  evidently  means  the  evening  or  shutting  in  of  day.  There  is  a  method  of  catching 
woodcocks,'  in  a  kind  of  clap-net,  which  is  called  a  cock-shut ;  and  as  the  time  of  taking  them  in  this 
manner  is  in  twilight,  cock-skut  light  may  very  properly  express  the  evening.  W. 

I  have  considerably  abridged  Whalley's  note,  which  yet  contains  sufficient  for  the  purpose  of  expla- 
nation, unless  it  may  be  thought  not  impertinent  to  add  that  the  cock-shut  is  a  large  net  suspended 
between  two  long  poles,  and  stretched  across  a  glade,  or  riding,  in  a  wood,  where  a  man  is  placed  to 
watch  when  the  birds  rise,  or  strike  against  it.  "  In  the  Treatise  of  Fyshinge,  by  Juliana  Barnes, 
1496,  is  the  following  direction  to  make  a  rod,  '  Take  thenne  and  frctte  him  faste  with  a  cocke-shote 
corde,  &c.'  "  but,"  says  Steevens,  from  whom  this  is  taken,  "  I  cannot  interpret  the  word."  The  word  is 
plain  enough ;  it  means  that  sort  of  twine  of  which  the  cock-shut  was  made :  but  indeed  the  com- 
mentators on  Shakspeare  have  trifled  egregiously  over  this  simple  expression.  G. 

1  Mistres*  was  inserted  by  Whalley.  Something  is  evidently  necessary,  and  this  may  serve  ;  though 
I  should  have  preferred  another  word.  G. 


l80  THE    SATYR,  A    MASftUE,  BY    BEN    JON9ON, 

That  do  skip  about  this  plain : — 
Elves,  apply  your  gyre  again  '. 
And  whilst  some  do  hop  the  ring, 
Some  shall  play,  and  some  shall  sing : 
We'll  express,  in  ev'ry  thing, 
Oriana' s  well-coming2. 

SONG. 

This  is  she,  this  is  she 
In  whose  world  of  grace 
Every  season,  person,  place, 
That  receive  her  happy  be ; 

For  with  no  less, 
Than  a  Kingdom's  happines  3, 
Doth  she  private  Lares  bless4, 
And  ours  above  the  rest ; 
By  how  much  we  deserve  it  least. 
Long  live  Oriana  5 
7"  exceed,  whom  she  succeeds,  our  late  Diana. 

Mab.  Madam,  now  an  end  to  make, 
Deign  a  simple  gift  to  take ; 
Only  for  the  Fairies'  sake, 
Who  about  you  still  shall  wake. 

'Tis  done  only  to  supply 
His  suspected  courtesy, 
Who,  since Thamyra  did  die6, 
Hath  not  brook'd  a  Lady's  eye. 

1  i.  e.  renew  your  rondels.    It  is  well  known  that  the  fairies  always  danced  in  a  circle :  thus  was 
formed  the  green  sward  ringlet,  whereof  the  ewe  not  bites.    G. 
1  Quasi  Oriens  ANNA. 

3  Bringing  with  her  the  Prince,  which  is  the  greatest  felicity  of  Kingdoms. 

4  For  households. 

5  This  is  taken  from  the   Triumphs  of  Oriana,  a  collection  of  madrigals  published  in  1601,  and 
intended  to  commemorate  the  beauty,  and  inflexible  virginity  of  Elizabeth,  then  only  in  the  sixty, 
eighth  year  of  her  age.     Long  livefaire  Oriana,  is  the  burthen  of  several  of  these  little  pieces.    Jon- 
son's  derivation  of  this  word,  as  applied  to  Anne,  is  not  unhappy:  Elizabeth's  title  to  it  could  only 
have  originated  in  the  old  court  maxim — Quicquid  conspicuum  pulchrumque — Res  fad  est.    G. 

6  Thamyra  (the  beloved  consort  of  this  Nobleman)  was  the  daughter  of  Sir  Francis  Willoughby ; 
she  died  August  17th,  1597,  leaving  several  children.     There  is  nothing  strained  or  exaggerated  in 
what  is  here  said  of  Lord  Spencer's  attachment  to  his  Lady's  memory ;  for  though  he  survived  her 
nearly  thirty  years,  he  took  no  second  wife.     G. 


PERFORMED    BEFORE   THE    ftUEEN    AND    PRINCE   AT   ALTHORP,   l60$.          iSl 

Nor  allow'd  about  his  place, 
Any  of  the  female  race. 
Only  we  are  free  to  trace 
All  his  grounds,  as  he  to  chase. 

For  which  bounty  to  us  lent, 
Of  him  unknowledg'd,  or  unsent, 
We  prepared  this  compliment, 
And  as  far  from  cheap  intent.     [Gives  her  a  jewel l. 

In  particular  to  feed 
Any  hope  that  should  succeed, 
Or  our  glory  by  the  deed, 
As  yourself  are  from  the  need. 

Utter  not,  we  you  implore, 
Who  did  give  it,  nor  wherefore ; 
And  whenever  you  restore 
Your  self  to  us,  you  shall  have  more. 

Highest,  happiest  Queen,  farewell ; 
But  beware  you  do  not  tell2. 

\Here  the  Fairies  hopt  away  in  a  fantastic  dance,  when, 
on  a  sudden,  the  Satyr  discovered  himself  again. 

Sat.  Not  tell?  ha!  ha!  I  could  smile 
At  this  old  and  toothless  wile. 
Lady,  I  have  been  no  sleeper ; 
She  belies  the  noble  keeper. 
Say,  that  here  he  like  the  groves, 
And  pursue  no  foreign  loves  : 
Is  he  therefore  to  be  deem'd 
Rude,  or  savage  ?  or  esteem'd 
But  a  sorry  entertainer, 
'Cause  he  is  no  common  strainer 
After  painted  nymphs  for  favours, 
Or  that  in  his  garb  he  savours 
Little  of  the  nicety, 
In  the  sprucer  courtiery  ; 

'  1.  e.  a  brooch  or  other  ornament  for  the  person.    G. 

1  This  solemn  injunction,  which  is  twice  given,  alludes  to  the  received  notion  of  (he  danger  of 
betraying  the  partiality  of  the  Fairies,  who  were  extremely  delicate  on  this  head,  and  never  allowed 
their  favours  to  be  boasted  of  with  impunity.  G. 


182  THE    SATYR,  A    MASdUE    BY    BEN    JoNSON, 

As  the  rosary  of  kisses, 

With  the  oath  that  never  misses, 

This  "  believe  me  on  on  the  breast," 

And  then  telling  some  man's  jest, 

Thinking  to  prefer  his  wit, 

Equal  with  his  suit  by  it, 

I  mean  his  clothes  ?  No,  no,  no  ; 

Here  doth  no  such  humour  flow. 

He  can  neither  bribe  a  grace, 

Nor  encounter  my  Lord's  face 

With  a  pliant  smile,  and  flatter, 

Though  this  lately  were  some  matter ' 

To  the  making  of  a  courtier. 

Now  he  hopes  he  shall  resort  there, 

Safer,  and  with  more  allowance ; 

Since  a  hand  hath  governance, 

That  hath  given  these  customs  chace, 

And  hath  brought  his  own  in  place. 

O  that  now  a  wish  could  bring, 

The  god-like  person  of  a  King ! 

Then  should  even  envy  find, 

Cause  of  wonder  at  the  mind 

Of  our  woodman:  but  lo,  where 

His  kingly  image  doth  appear2, 

And  is  all  this  while  neglected. 

Pardon,  Lord,  you  are  respected, 

Deep  as  is  the  keeper's  heart, 

And  as  dear  in  every  part. 

See,  for  instance,  where  he  sends 

His  son,  his  heir3  ;  who  humbly  bends 

1  There  is  probably  something  of  private  history  in  this  gentle  gird  at  the  Ministers  of  Elizabeth ; 
but  I  cannot  explain  it.  If  flattery  was  at  all  necessary  to  gain  the  Favourite,  Sir  Robert  Spencer 
would  never  have  succeeded  at  Court ;  but,  indeed,  he  seems  to  have  been  a  man  of  retired  habits. 
"  Like  the  old  Roman  dictator,"  says  Wilson,  "  Spencer  made  the  country  a  virtuous  Court,  where  his 
fields  and  his  flocks  brought  more  calm  and  happy  contentment  than  the  various  and  irritable  dispen- 
sations of  a  Court  can  contribute."  Why  Sir  Robert  was  now  absent  from  Althorp  does  not  appear. 
He  was  at  Hampton  Court  in  July  this  year;  and  in  September  following,  was  appointed  Ambassador 
to  the  reigning  Duke  of  Wirtemburg  j  so  that  there  was  something  prophetic  in  the  "  hope"  that  he 
should  now  "  resort  to  Court  witli  more  allowance."  G. 

*  i.  e.  Prince  Henry.     G. 

3  John  Spencer :  he  was  now  in  his  twelfth  year.     He  died  in  France  at  age  of  nineteen.    G. 


PERFORMED    BEFORE    THE    ftUEEN    AND    PRINCE    AT   ALTHORP,   l603- 

[Fetches  out  of  the  wood  the  Lord  Spencer's  eldest  son, 
attired  and  appointed  like  a  huntsman. 

Low  as  is  his  father's  earth, 

To  the  womb  that  gave  you  birth  ; 

So  he  was  directed  first, 

Next  to  you,  of  whom  the  thirst 

Of  seeing  takes  away  the  use 

Of  that  part,  should  plead  excuse 

For  his  boldness,  which  is  less 

By  his  comely  shamefacedness. 

Rise  up,  Sir,  I  will  betray 

All  I  think  you  have  to  say  ; 

That  your  father  gives  you  here 

(Freely  as  to  him  you  were) 

To  the  service  of  this  Prince : 

And  with  you  these  instruments 

Of  his  wild  and  sylvan  trade. 

Better  not  Actaeon  had ; 

The  bow  was  Phoebe's,  and  the  horn, 

By  Orion  often  worn  : 

The  dog  of  Sparta  breed  ',  and  good, 

As  can  RING  within  a  WOOD  ; 

Thence  his  name  is :  you  shall  try 

How  he  hunteth  instantly. 

But  perhaps  the  Queen,  your  Mother, 

Rather  doth  affect  some  other 

Sport,  as  coursing:  we  will  prove 

Which  her  Highness  most  doth  love. — 

Satyrs  let  the  woods  resound  ; 

They  shall  have  their  welcome  crown'd 

With  a  brace  of  bucks  to  ground. 

[At  that  the  whole  wood  and  place  resounded  with  the  noise  of  cornets,  horns, 
and  other  hunting  music,  and  a  brace  of  choice  deer  put  out,  and  as  fortu- 
nately killed,  as  they  were  meant  to  be,  even  in  the  sight  of  her  Majesty. 

This  was  the  first  night's  show  2. 

1  Thus  Shakspcare :    "  I  was  with  Hercules  and  Cadmus  once, 

When  in  a  wood  of  Crete,  they  bayed  the  boar 
With  hounds  of  Sparta." 

Both  from  Grid's,  Sparland  gente  Melampus. 

Jonson's  dog,  it  appears,  was  called  Ringtcood,    G. 

3  And  every  way  worthy  of  the  presenter  and  the  guests.  The  rich  and  beautiful  scenery,  the 
music,  soft  or  loud  as  the  occasion  required,  dispersed  through  the  wood,  the  sweetness  of  the  vocal 
performers,  the  bevy  of  fairies,  composed  of  the  young  ladies  "  of  the  country"  (whose  brothers 


184  THE    SATYR,  A   MASftUE,  BY   BEN   JONSON, 

The  next,  being  Sunday \  the  Queen  rested,  and  on  Monday  till  after  dinner; 
where  there  was  a  Speech  suddenly  thought  on,  to  induce  a  morris  of  the 
clowns  thereabout,  who  most  officiously  presented  themselves;  but  by  reason  of 
the  throng  of  the  country  that  came  in,  their  speaker  could  not  be  heard,  who 
ivas  in  the  person  of  NOBODY,  to  deliver  this  following  Speech,  and  attired  in 
a  pair  of  breeches  which  were  made  to  come  up  to  his  neck,  with  his  arms  out  at 
his  pockets,  and  a  cap  drowning  his  face. 

If  my  outside  move  your  laughter, 
Pray  Jove,  my  inside  be  thereafter. 

QUEEN,  PRINCE,  DUKE,  EARLS, 
COUNTESSES,  you  courtly  pearls  ! 
(And  I  hope  no  mortal  sin, 
If  I  put  less  Ladies  in,) 
Fair  saluted  be  you  all ! 
At  this  time  it  doth  befall, 
We  are  the  huisher  to  a  morris, 
A  kind  of  masque,  whereof  good  store  is 
In  the  country  hereabout, 
But  this  the  choice  of  all  the  rout, 
Who,  because  that  no  man  sent  them, 
Have  got  NOBODY  to  present  them. 
These  are  things  have  no  suspicion 
Of  their  ill-doing ;  nor  ambition 
Of  their  well :  but  as  the  pipe 
Shall  inspire  them,  mean  to  skip: 
They  come  to  see,  and  to  be  seen, 
And  though  they  dance  afore  the  Queen, 
There's  none  of  these  doth  hope  to  come  by 
Wealth  to  build  another  Holmby ! : 

appeared  in  the  succeeding  "  sports"),  the  gay  and  appropriate  dialogue,  the  light,  airy,  and  fantastic 
dances  which  accompanied  it,  the  foresters,  headed  by  the  youthful  heir,  starting  forward  to  chase  the 
deer  at  force  at  the  universal  opening  of  hound  and  horn,  together  with  the  running  down  of  the 
game  in  sight,  must  have  afforded  a  succession  of  pleasures  as  rare  as  unexpected.  It  is  very  easy 
to  stigmatize  all  this  with  the  name  of  "  pedantry,"  and  to  rave  at  "  the  wretched  taste  of  the 
times,"  which  could  tolerate  it :  —  but  there  are  still  some  who  affect  to  think  that  this  taste 
was  not  altogether  so  deplorable ;  and  that  nearly  as  much  judgement  was  displayed  in  engaging 
the  talents  of  a  man  of  genius  and  learning  to  produce  an  Entertainment  which  should  not  disgrace 
the  rational  faculties  of  the  beholders,  as  in  procuring  the  assistance  of  a  pastry  cook  to  honour  a 
general  festival  by  scrawling  unmeaning  flourishes  on  a  ball-room  floor,  at  an  expense  beyond  that  of 
the  graceful  and  elegant  hospitality  of  Althorp.  G. 

Holmby,  or  Holdenby  House,   was  a  magnificent  structure  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Althorp, 
built  by  Sir  Christopher  Hatton,  Lord  Chancellor  in  the  time  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  as  the  latest  and 


PERFORMED    BEFORE    THE    ftUEEN    AND    PRINCE    AT    ALTHORP,   16*03. 

All  those  dancing  days  are  done, 
Men  must  now  have  more  than  one 

noblest  monument  of  his  youth.  Sir  Christopher  Hatton  was  taken  notice  of  by  Queen  Elizabeth  for 
his  gracefulness  in  dancing  before  her  at  Court,  which  proved  the  first  step  to  his  future  preferments. 
To  this  circumstance  the  first  of  these  lines  alludes.  W. 

This  reminds  us  of  the  third  and  fourth  stanzas  of  Gray's  "  Long  81017  '•" 
"  Full  oft  within  these  spacious  walls, 
When  he  had  fifty  winters  o'er  him, 
My  grave  Lord  Keeper  led  the  brawls, 
The  Seal  and  Maces  danced  before  him  ; 

His  bushy  beard  and  shoe-strings  green, 

His  high-crown'd  hat  and  satin  doublet, 
Mov'd  the  stout  heart  of  England's  Queen, 

Though  Tope  and  Spaniards  could  not  trouble  it." 

"  The  spacious  walls"  are  well  known  to  mean  the  mansion  of  Stoke  Pogeis  in  Buckinghamshire  ; 
but  they  may  equally  well  allude  to  Holdenby.  N. 

In  Bishop  Corbet's  "  Iter  lioreule"  there  is  a  pleasant  apostrophe  to  the  tutelar  Lares,  the  giants,  with 
whom  Sir  Christopher  had  ornamented  this  magnificent  mansion.  The  traveller  had  just  witnessed 
the  ruin  of  Nottingham  Castle,  notwithstanding  the  two  giants,  which  still  stood  at  the  gates;  and 
he  reproaches  them  with  the  fidelity  of  their  Brethren  at  Holmeby  and  Guildhall,  who  had  carefully 
kept  the  respective  buildings  intrusted  to  them. 

"  Oh,  jou  that  doe  Guildhall  and  Holmeby  keepe 
Soe  carefully  when  both  the  founders  sleepe, 
You  are  good  giants,  and  partake  no  shame 
With  those  tuo  worthlesse  trunkes  of  Nottinghame  ; 
Look  to  your  several  charges  !"  Gilchrist's  edition,  p.  183. 

The  praise  is  not  ill  bestowed ;  the  Giants  of  Holmeby  would  still  perhaps  have  preserved  their 
charge,  if  they  had  only  to  contend  with  ordinary  enemies;  but  they  fell  by  a  lawless  force,  before 
which  not  only  Castles  but  Empires  have  disappeared.  It  was  here  that  Charles  was  seized  by  the  vul- 
gar miscreant  Joyce,  and  here,  to  gratify  at  once  their  malice  and  rapacity,  the  rebels,  soon  after  his 
murder,  broke  in,  levelled  the  mansion  with  the  ground,  and  stole  or  sold  the  materials. 

The  Giants  of  Guildhall,  thank  Heaven,  yet  defend  their  charge  :  it  only  remains  to  wish  that  the 
Citizens  may  take  example  by  the  fate  of  Holmeby,  and  not  expose  them  to  an  attack  to  which  they 
will  assuredly  be  found  unequal. 

To  return  to  the  text.  Dancing,  as  Jonson  says,  is  a  graceful  quality  where  graces  meet;  ai.d  it  was 
remarkably  so  in  Sir  Christopher,  who  was  found  fully  equal  to  the  exigencies  of  his  great  office.  He 
died  in  1591,  and  was  followed  to  the  grave  by  the  praise  of  Camden,  and  many  others.  A  sumptuous 
monument  was  erected  to  his  memory,  in  or  near  the  choir  of  St.  Paul's,  which  was  long  regarded 
with  peculiar  respect  by  those  whom  business  or  pleasure  brought  to  the  metropolis.  To  this  Jonson 
alludes  in  Every  Man  out  of  Hit  Humour,  "  When  shall  I  put  off  to  the  I.ord  Chancellor's  tomb,"  &c. 

VOL.  i.  SB 


THE  SATYR,  A  MASQ.UE,  BY  BEN  JONSON, 

0 

Grace,  to  build  their  fortunes  on, 

Else  our  soles l  would  sure  have  gone 

All  by  this  time  to  our  feet. — 

I  do  not  deny  where  Graces  meet 

In  a  man,  that  quality 

Is  a  graceful  property : 

But  when  dancing  is  his  best, 

Beshrew  me,  I  suspect  the  rest. 

But  I  am  No-body,  and  my  breath, 

Soon  as  it  is  born,  hath  death. 

Come  on,  clowns,  forsake  your  dumps, 

And  bestir  your  hob-nail'd  stumps, 

Do  your  worst,  I'll  undertake, 

Not  a  jerk  you  have  shall  make 

Any  Lady  here  in  love. 

Perhaps  your  fool,  or  so,  may  move 

Some  Lady's  Woman  with  a  trick, 

And  upon  it  she  may  pick 

A  pair  of  revelling  legs,  or  two, 

Out  of  you,  with  much  ado. 

But  see,  the  hobby-horse  is  forgot. 

Fool,  it  must  be  your  lot, 

To  supply  his  want  with  faces, 

And  some  other  buffoon  graces, 

You  know  how ;  piper,  play, 

And  let  No-body  hence  away. 

[Here  the  morris-dancers  entered. 

There  were  those,  however,  who  regarded  this  stately  pile  with  less  complacency.  Either  from  its 
unusual  bulk,  or  more  probably,  from  its  projection  into  the  walk  of  the  South  aisle,  it  is  very  sple- 
neticly  mentioned  on  many  occasions.  On  a  pillar  near  it  hung  two  humble  tablets  to  the  memories  of 
Sir  Philip  Sidney  and  Francis  Walsingham ;  this  gave  birth  to  the  pleasing  couplet : 

"  Philip  and  Francis  have  no  tombe, 

Great  Christopher  takes  all  the  roome." 
Its  size  too  is  noticed  by  Bishop  Corbet ; 

"  Nor  need  the  Chancellor  boast,  whose  pyramis 

Above  the  host  and  altar  raised  is." 

It  is  singular  that  Sir  Christopher's  Heirs  should  have  found  money  enough  for  this  costly  monu- 
ment ;  since  it  appears  that  he  had  so  embarrassed  his  circumstances  by  erecting  the  noble  structure 
of  Holmeby,  that  he  fell  in  arrears  with  the  Queen,  whose  ceaseless  importunity  for  payment,  (for 
Elizabeth  never  gave  nor  took  credit,)  is  said  to  have  depressed  his  spirits  and  hastened  his  death.  G. 
1  The  4to  reads  sonles,  the  folio  soles ;  an  equivoque  was  probably  designed  ;  and,  what  cannot  be 
said  of  all  equivoques,  the  sense  is  good  either  way.  G. 


PERFORMED  BEFORE  THE  QUEEN  AND  PRINCE  AT  ALTHORP,  l603-     187 

There  was  also  another  parting  Speech,  which  was  to  have  been  presented  in  the 
person  of  a  youth,  and  accompanied  with  divers  Gentlemen's  younger  sons 
of  the  country  :  but  by  reason  of  the  multitudinous  press,  was  also  hindered. 
And  which  we  have  here  adjoined. 

And  will  you  then,  mirror  of  Queens,  depart? 
Shall  nothing  stay  you?  not  my  master's  heart, 
That  pants  to  lose  the  comfort  of  your  light, 
And  see  his  day,  ere  it  be  old,  grow  night  ? 
You  are  a  goddess,  and  your  will  be  done: 
Yet  this  our  last  hope  is,  that  the  sun 
Cheers  objects  far  removed,  as  well  as  near ; 
So,  wheresoe'er  you  shine,  you'll  sparkle  here. 
And  you,  dear  Lord,  on  whom  my  covetous  eye 
Doth  feed  itself,  but  cannot  satisfy, 
O  shoot  up  fast  in  spirit,  as  in  years ; 
That  when  upon  her  head  proud  Europe  wears 
Her  stateliest  tire,  you  may  appear  thereon 
The  richest  gem,  without  a  paragon. 
Shine  bright  and  fixed  as  the  arctic  star: 
And  when  slow  time  hath  made  you  fit  for  war, 
Look  over  the  strict  ocean,  and  think  where 
You  may  but  lead  us  forth,  that  grow  up  here 
Against  a  day,  when  our  officious  swords 
Shall  speak  our  actions,  better  than  our  words. 
Till  then,  all  good  event  conspire  to  crown 
Your  parents  hopes,  our  zeal,  and  your  renown. 
Peace  usher  now  your  steps,  and  where  you  come, 
Be  Envy  still  struck  blind,  and  Flattery  dumb1. 

Thus  much,  which  was  the  least  of  the  Entertainment  in  respect  of  the  reality, 
abondance,  delicacie,  and  order  of  all  things  else,  to  doe  that  servicable  right  to 
his  noble  friend,  which  his  affection  owes,  and  his  Lordship's  merit  may  challenge, 
the  Author  hath  suffered  to  come  out,  and  encounter  censure.  And  not  here 
unnecessarily  adjoyned,  being  performed  to  the  same  Queene  and  Prince;  who 
were  no  little  part  of  these  more  labord  and  triumphall  shewes.  And  to  whose 
greatest  part,  he  knowes  the  Ho.  L.  (had  he  been  so  blest  as  to  have  scene  him  at 
his  lodge)  would  have  stretcht  in  observance,  though  he  could  not  in  love  or  zeale. 

1  It  would  be  unjust  to  the  author  to  conclude  without  noticing  the  merits  of  the  singularly  elegant 
and  poetic  address.  That  it  was  not  prophetic,  Jonsun  lived  to  see,  and  perhaps  to  deplore  j  for 
Prince  Henry  was  a  youth  of  great  promise.  G. 


l88        MR.  WILSON  TO  SIR  T.  PARRY. LORD  HIGH  CONSTABLE  APPOINTED,  1603. 


Mr.  Thomas  Wilson  writes  to  Sir  Thomas  Parry,  from  Greenwich,  June  22, 
"  Our  English  affayres  goe  on  vvth  a  smoth  pace  and  a  smylinge  countenance, 
God  grante  them  good  continuance.  Our  vertuous  Kinge  makes  our  hopes  to 
swell ;  his  actions  sutable  to  the  tyme  and  his  natural  disposition.  Sometymes  he 
comes  to  Counsel!,  but  most  tyme  he  spends  in  fieldes  and  parkes  and  chaces, 
chasinge  away  idlenes  by  violent  exercise  and  early  risinge,  wherin  the  Sune  sel- 
dom prevents  him.  The  people,  according  to  the  honest  English  nature,  approve 
all  their  Princes'  actions  and  words,  savinge  that  they  desyre  some  more  of  that 
generous  affabilitye  wch  ther  good  old  Queen  did  afford  them.  He  is  at  this  pre- 
sent att  Windsore,  hauinge  viewed  all  his  howses,  and  all  that  he  purposeth  to 
entertayne  his  Queen  and  Sone,  who  about  14  dayes  hense  are  there  expected.  For 
matters  Je/acfodomesticall,  I  shall  not  wryte  much  till  the  coronacon  and  pclamat' 
be  past,  only  for  gayning  the  love  of  the  people  ther  ar  many  thinges  in  the  meane 
while  done,  as  takinge  away  of  all  monopolies  and  other  matters  reformed,  wher 
private  gayne  hath  caused  publick  grevance. 

"  Our  Merchats  wch  trade  for  Levat  have  on  Sonday  last  geven  ouer  ther  patente, 
and  the  Kinge  hath  released  ther  yearly  pension  of  .^.1000  per  annum 1." 

Preparatory  to  the  Coronation,  Charles  Howard,  Earl  of  Nottingham,  was 
appointed  High  Constable,  by  Writ  of  Privy  Seal,  dated  June  25: 

"  Rex  omnibus,  &c.  salutem.  Sciatis  quod  nos,  de  gratia  nostra  speciali,  ac  ex 
certa  scientia  et  mero  motu  nostris,  dedimus  et  concessimus,  charissimo  consan- 
guineo  et  consilario  nostro,  Carolo  Comiti  Nottingham  Ofiicium  Magni  Corista- 
bularii  nostri  Angliae,  ac  ipsum  Comitem  Nottingham  Magnum  Constabularium 
nostrum  Angliae  ordinamus  et  constituirnus  per  praesentes;  habendum  et  occupan- 
dum  officium  praedictum  per  totum  vicesimum  quintum  diem  mensis  Julii  prox- 
imo futurum,  ab  ortu  Solis  ejusdem  diei  usque  ad  occasum  ;  quo  die  (Deo  dante) 
solempniter  coronari  interidimus,  una  cum  omnibus  juris  et  pertinentiis  eidem 
Officio  eodem  die  tantum  spectantibus.  In  cujus  rei,  &c.  Teste  Rege,  apud 
Westmonasterium  vicesimo  quinto  Junii2." 


On  the  27th  of  June  the  King  met  the  Queen  at  Sir  George  Fermor's3,  at  Easton 
Neston,  where  they  were  magnificently  entertained  ;  and  the  King,  before  his  de- 
parture, conferred  the  honour  of  knighthood  on  Sir  Hatton  Fermor4,  and  the  eight 
following  Gentlemen:  Sir  Edward  Lee  ;  Sir  Thomas  Woodhouse,  of  Norfolk;  Sir 
Francis  Curson,  of  Shropshire;  Sir  Richard  Conquest,  of  Bedfordshire;  Sir  Rafe 
Tempest,  of  Yorkshire;  Sir  Edward  Randall,  of  Surrey;  Sir  Anthony  Chester,  of 
Herefordshire ;  Sir  Walter  Vaughan,  of  Herefordshire. 

1  Cotton.  MSS.  E.  x.  p.  359.       '  Rymer's  Foedera,  vol.  XVI.  p.  519,  from  Pat.  1  Jac.  I.  p.  14,  m.  25. 
3  See  before,  p.  167.  4  Then  resident  at  Hatton  in  Buckinghamshire. 


THE  KING  AND  ttUEEN  AT  GRAFTON  REGIS,  AND  AT  SALDEN  HOUSE,   l60%.        1  8<) 

Lady  Anne  Clifford  thus  continues  the  Narrative  of  the  Royal  Progress: 
"  From  Althorp,  June  27th,  beinge  Munday,  the  Gjueene  went  to  Sir  Hatton1 
Fermor's,  wher  the  Kinge  mett  her,  wher  ther  wear  an  infinit  companie  of  Lords 
and  Ladies,  and  other  people,  that  the  countrie  could  scarse  lodge  them.  From 
thence  the  Court  removed,  and  wear  banquetted  wth  great  Royaltie  by  my 
Father  at  Grafton2,  wher  the  King  and  Cjueene  wear  entertayned  wth  Speeches 
and  delicat  presents,  at  wch  tyme  my  Lord  and  the  Alexanders3  did  run  and  course 
at  ye  field,  wher  he  hurt  Henry  Alexander  verie  dangerouslie.  Wher  the 
Court  lay  this  night  1  am  uncertaine.  At  this  tyme  of  the  King's  being  at 
Grafton,  my  Mother  was  ther,  but  not  held  as  Mistress  of  the  house,  by  reason 
of  ye  difference  betweene  my  Lo.  and  her,  wch  was  growen  to  a  great  height. 
The  night  after,  my  Aunt  of  Warwick,  my  Mother,  and  I,  as  I  take  it,  lay  at  Doc- 
tor Challener's  (where  my  Aunt  of  Bath  and  my  Unckle  Russell  mett  us,  wch 
house  my  Grandfather  of  Bedford  used  to  lie  much  at)  being  .in  Amersham. 
The  next  day,  the  Cjueene  went  to  a  Gentleman's  house  (whose  name  I  can- 
not retnember),  wher  ther  mett  hir  many  great  Ladies  to  kiss  her  hands ;  as,  the 
Marquess  of  Winchester4,  my  Lady  of  Northumberland5,  my  Lady  of  South- 
ampton6, &c.  From  thence  the  Court  removed  to  Windsor,  wher  the  Feast  of 
S'  George  was  solemnised." 

From  Grafton  Regis,  the  King  and  Queen  proceeded,  on  the  evening  of  June 
27,  to  Salden  House,  Muresley,  Bucks;  built  by  Sir  John  Fortescue7,  and  said 
to  have  cost  about  ^-35,000. 

1  A  mistake  for  "  Sir  George." 

*  Of  Grafton  Regis,  at  that  time  the  residence  of  George  Clifford,  Earl  of  Cumberland,  the  gallant 
Champion  of  Queen  Elizabeth;  see  the  "  Progresses  of  that  Queen,"  vol.  II.  p.  6. — Grafton  came  to  the 
Crown  in  19  Henry  VIII.  in  exchange  for  the  manors  of  Loughborough  and  Shej  eshed  in  Leicester- 
shire.   There  was  formerly  here  a  large  mansion,  the  seat  of  the  ancient  family  of  Widvilles. — In  the 
great  Rebellion,  it  was  the  residence  of  a  Lady  Crane,  and  made  a  garrison  for  the  King.  Greater  part 
of  the  fine  old  house  has  been  taken  down  and  reduced  to  a  small  building,  now  occupied  by  a  tenant. 

3  See  hereafter,  p.  210.  «  See  hereafter,  p.  194. 

*  Dorothy,  daughter  of  Walter  Devercux,  first  Earl  of  Essex,  sister  to  the  Favourite  of  Queen 
Elizabeth  ;  and  wife  of  Henry  Percy,  third  Earl  of  Northumberland. 

*  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Vernon,  of  Hodnet,  Staffordshire,  and  wife  of  Henry  Wriothesley, 
fifth  Earl  of  Southampton. 

7  Of  whom  see  before,  p.  1G5;  and  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  III.  p.  5/8. — He 
died,  at  his  house  at  Westminster,  Dec. '23,  16O7  ;  and  his  funeral  was  solemnized  at  Muresley  on  tin 
6th  of  July  in  the  following  year.  His  son,  Sir  Francis  Fortescue.  was  made  a  Knight  of  the  Bath  ; 
and  his  monument,  with  that  of  his  Father,  may  be  seen,  in  Muresley  Church. — Another  Sir  John  For- 
tescue was  created  a  Baronet  of  Nova  Scotia ;  and  died  in  1658. 


190  THE    KING    AND    Q.UEEN    AT    SALDEN    HOUSE, 

Sir  Dudley  Carleton,  in  a  Letter  to  Sir  Thomas  Parry,  from  London,  June  28,  says, 
"The  Sickness  doth  spread  very  much,  and  it  is  feared  it  will  prove  a  great 
plague,  by  reason  of  which  the  Term  is  adjourned;  but  the  Coronation  holds  at  the 
appointed  time,  which  shall  be  performed  with  much  solemnity  and  all  the  old 
ceremonies  observed.  I  send  you  a  list  of  such  Barons  and  Knights  of.  the  Bath 
as  shall  then  be  made,  at  least  they  are  such  as  are  set  down  by  the  common  voice 
of  the  people.  On  Sunday  last,  the  King,  being  at  Windsor,  gave  the  Order  of 
the  Garter  to  the  Duke  of  Lennox,  the  Earles  of  Marre,  Southampton,  and 
Pembroke.  Among  other  donations  I  omitted  in  my  last  to  tell  your  L.  how 
his  Majestic  hath  released  to  Sir  W.  Rawleigh  the  annuity  of  ^-300  a  year 
which  was  paid  out  of  his  Government  of  Jersey.  The  Queen  lieth  this  night 
at  Sir  John  Fortescue's,  where  the  King  meets  her.  She  giveth  great  content- 
ment to  the  world  in  her  fashion  and  courteous  behaviour  to  the  people.  Her 
Court  is  very  great  of  Ladies  and  Gentlewomen ;  but  I  hear  of  none  she  hath 
admitted  to  her  Privy-chamber,  or  in  place  neer  about  her,  save  the  La.  Bed- 
ford, who  was  sworn  of  the  Privy-chamber  in  Scotland,  and  La.  Kildare,  to  whom 
she  hath  given  the  Government  of  the  Princes.  Sir  George  Carew,  who  posted 
before,  in  hope  of  some  special!  place  about  her,  hath  not  found  the  welcome  he 
looked  for.  It  is  expected  the  two  Courts,  being  joined,  will  produce  somewhat 
extraordinary1." 

At  Sir  John  Fortescue's  the  King  held  a  regular  Court,  for  the  dispatch  of  public 
business ;  and  among  other  matters  there  transacted,  was,  on  the  6*th  of  July,  the 
following  Release  of  the  Earl  of  Marr  from  the  Guardianship  of  Prince  Henry, 
evidently  written  by  the  King2: 

"  JAMES  R. 

"  To  all  to  whome,  &c.  greeting.  Whereas  it  is  not  unknowne  that,  upon 
just  and  necessarie  considerations,  we  did  commit,  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one 
thousand  fyve  hundred  and  ninety-four,  the  custody  of  the  Prince  our  Sonne, 
to  our  right,  trusty,  and  well-beloved  Cousin  and  Counsellor,  the  Earle  of  Marr, 
as  well  in  regard  of  oure  suertie,  which  consisteth  in  his  suerty,  as  in  respect 
that  there  was  none  more  fit  every  way  to  take  that  chardge  than  the  said  Earle, 
of  whose  sincerity  in  religion,  affection,  and  fidelity  to  our  person  and  State, 
together  with  his  discretion  and  judgement,  we  had  so  good  experience,  having 

1  Cotton.  MSS.  Caligula,  E.  x.  p.  341. 

•  Preserved  in  Rymer's  Foedera,  vol.  XVI.  p.  515,  from  Pat.  1  Jac.  I.  p.  14.  m.  25. 


EARL    OF    MARR    RELEASED    FROM    GUARDIANSHIP    OF   THE    PRINCE,   1603.      19 1 

now  resolved  otherwise  to  dispose  of  bym,  and  considering  how  just  and  neces- 
sarie  a  thing  it  is  for  us,  to  give  as  ample  a  dischardge  to  our  Cousin  the  Earle  of 
Marr  (as  may  be)  of  those  strict  conditions  wherein  the  Nobleman  and  all  his 
friends  and  famely  remayne  bounde  and  cautionary  for  his  safe  kecpinge,  whome 
we  have  injoyned  the  said  Earle,  as  strictly  as  words  can  expresse,  to  deliver  over 
to  no  person  whatsoever,  notwithstanding  any  writ  or  message,  untill  he  should 
receyve  notice  thereof  personally  from  our  owne  mouthe ;  wee  do  hereby  first 
declare  to  all  persons  whatsoever  by  theise  presents,  that  wee  have  very  greate 
cause  most  graciously  to  allowe  of  that  great  care  which  he  hath  shewed  in  pro- 
viding for  his  virtuous  education ;  next  that  he  hath  observed  our  directions  for 
his  deliverie;  and,  lastly,  that  he  hath  beene  receyved  in  soe  good  estate  of  health 
and  constitution  of  body  and  minde,  that  wee  have  occasion,  not  only  to  take 
comfort  in  God's  favour  thereby  so  confirmed  unto  us;  but  doe  now  testifie  and 
declare,  by  virtue  of  these  present  letters,  that  wee  doe  discharge,  acquit,  and 
exonerate,  against  us,  our  heires  and  successors,  our  trusty  and  well-beloved  Cousin 
and  Counsellor,  the  Earle  of  Marr,  and  all  other  persons  causionarie  for  him,  of 
all  manner  of  obligations,  bonds,  causions,  and  assurances,  concerning  the  cus- 
tody, education,  and  delivery  of  our  Sonne  as  aforesaid,  and  do  hereby  notifie  to  the 
world,  that  we  have  receiued  full  and  intire  satisfaction  aunswerable  to  the  trust 
reposed  in  hym,  and  are  resolved  to  lay  it  upp  in  memory  as  a  record  of  his  con- 
stant faith,  love,  and  duty  towards  us,  taking  ourselves  bounde  in  the  honor  and 
gratitude  of  a  Prynce,  not  only  to  give  him  his  acquittal,  but  to  reward  hym  in 
tyme  coming  for  soe  great  and  memorable  a  service.  In  witnesse  whereof,  &c. 
Witnesse  ourselfe  at  [Muresley],  the  eight  and  twentith  day  of  June." 

The  following  Knights  were  dubbed  at  Salden  House  on  the  a8th  of  June : 
Sir  William  Dunche1,  of  Berkshire.          Sir  Richard  Cheetwood  3,  of  Nortliamp. 
Sir  John  Dyve2,  of  Bedfordshire.  Sir  Robert  Harewell,  of  Northampton. 

Sir  Gerard  Throckmorton,  of  Gloucest.     Sir  Richard  Pryce,  of  Hunts. 
Sir  John  Crook,  of  Oxon.  Sir  James  Haydon,  of  Norfolk. 

1  Sir  William  Dunch,  of  Little  VV'ittcnham,  was  M.  P  for  Waliingford,  and  Minified  the  daughter 
ot  Sir  Henry  Cromwell,  mint  of  the  Protector.     They  have  a  very  costly  monument  of  marble  and 
alabaMer,  with  their  effigies,  in  Little  Wittenham  Church.     Mis  son  Edmund  was  made  Governor  of 
Wallingford  Castlr  by  hi-  COUMII  the  Protector,  created  a  Baronet  in  1658,  and  afterwards  called  to  the 
Upper  House  by  the  title  of  Baron  ffurnell,  but  divested  of  it  at  the  Restoration.    Lysons'  Berks,  p.  440. 
1  Sir  John  Dyve,  of  Bromham,  then  (16O3)  Sheriff  of  Bedfordshire,  died  in  lfi(>7 
'  Sir  Richard  Cheetwood,  of  \Varkworth,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Northamptonshire  in  1597. 


192      THE    KING    AND    ftUEEN    AT    SALDEN    HOUSE,    AND    AT    AYLESBURY,   16*03. 

Sir  Thomas  Snagge,  of  Somersetshire  '.  Sir  John  Sandys8,  of  Buckinghamshire. 

Sir  Francis  Cheney  2,  [of  Cheshire.]  Sir  Richard  Hintley. 

Sir  Henry  Longtield3,  of  Bucks.  Sir  Thomas  Hyll,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Henry  Drury4,  of  Buckinghamshire.  Sir  Thomas  Cave9,  of  Northamptonsh. 

Sir  William  Burlacy5,  of  Bucks.  Sir  John  Carrell,  of  Sussex. 

Sir  Thomas  Denton6,  of  Bucks.  Sir  Henry  Billingsley,  of  London. 

Sir  Anthony  Tirringham7,  of  Bucks.  Sir  Adrian  Scroop,  of  Lincolnshire. 

The  next  removal  was  to  Aylesbury,  where  the  King  and  Queen  and  their 
Train  were  enterained  with  unusual  magnificence  by  Sir  John  Packington  10. 

1  One  Sir  Thomas  Snagg,  of  Marston,  Bedfordshire,  served  as  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1607. 

*  Sir  Francis  Cheney,  of  Chesham,  was  at  this  time  (1603)  Sheriff  of  Buckinghamshire. 
1  Sir  Henry  Longueville,  of  Wolverton,  was  Sheriff  of  Bucks  in  1606. 

4  A  Pedigree  of  the  Drurys,  of  Hegerley,  Bucks,  (in  which  this  Sir  Henry  occurs)  may  be  seen  in 
Sir  John  Cullum's  "  Hawsted,"  ed.  1813,  p.  133. — The  Drury's  are  not  noticed  by  Mr.  Lysons. 
s  Sir  William  Burlace  had  been  High  Sheriff  of  Buckinghamshire  in  1601. 
8  Sir  Thomas  Denton,  of  Hillesdon,  was  High  Sheriff  of  Bucks  in  1600. 

7  Sir  Anthony  Tyringham,  of  Tyringham,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Buckinghamshire  in  1596. 

8  Sir  John  Sandys,  of  Latimer  in  Buckinghamshire,  was  the  son  of  Miles  Sandys,  Esq.  a  younger 
brother  of  Abp.  Sandys  (the  ancestor  of  Lord  Sandys,  of  Ombersley). — Hester,  daughter  of  Miles 
Sandys,  is  the  Lady  celebrated  by  Fuller,  in  his  "  Worthies,"  as  the  parent  stock  of  a  posterity  of  700 
persons,  whom  she  lived  to  see  descended  from  her  to  the  fourth  generation ;  her  own  children  were 
thirteen.     Fuller  assures  us,  that  he  speaks  within  compass,  having  bought  the  truth  by  a  wager  which 
he  lost  on  the  subject. 

*  Sir  Thomas  Cave,  of  Stanford  Hall,  in  the  Counties  of  Leicester  and  Northampton.     His  son, 
of  the  same  name,  was  knighted  at  Greenwich  June  "26,  1615  ;  and  his  grandson,  Sir  Thomas,  was 
created  a  Baronet  June  30,  1641. 

10  Sir  John  Packington  was  bred  at  Christ  Church  College  in  Oxford,  under  the  tuition  of  Dr.  Lewis, 
Dean  of  Gloucester,  and  became  a  great  favourite  with  Queen  Elizabeth,  was  »ne  of  her  Privy  Coun- 
cil, and  received  from  her  the  honour  of  knighthood.  He  died  at  his  house  at  Westwood  in  Wor- 
cestershire, aged  77,  and  was  buried  at  Aylesbury  Jan.  IS,  1625. — Naunton  says,  "  Sir  John  Packing- 
ton  was  a  Gentleman  of  no  meane  family,  and  of  forme  and  feature,  no  waies  disabled,  for  he  was  a 
brave  Gentleman,  and  a  very  fine  Courtier ;  and  for  the  time  which  he  stayed  there,  which  was  not 
lasting,  very  high  in  her  grace,  but  he  came  in  and  went  out,  through  disassidutie,  drew  the  curtaine 
betweene  himselfe  and  the  light  of  her  Grace,  and  then  Death  overwhelmed  the  remnant,  and  utterly 
deprived  him  of  recovery,  and  they  say  of  him,  that  had  hee  brought  lesse  to  her  Court  than  he  did, 
he  might  have  carried  away  more  than  he  brought,  for  he  had  a  time  on  it,  but  an  ill  husband  of 
opportunitie."  He  had  issue  by  his  wife,  the  widow  of  Benedict  Barnham,  one  of  the  Aldermen  of 
London,  two  daughters,  one  married  to  Sir  Humphry  Ferrars  of  Tamworth;  surviving  him,  she  mar- 
ried the  Earl  of  Chesterfield ;  the  other  married  Sir  Robert  Brooke,  of  Suffolk,  Knt. ;  and  one  son, 
Sir  John  Packington,  who  succeeded  him." — Sir  John  Packington  was  very  popular  in  the  country. 


THE    KING    AT    HAMPDEN,  MISSENDEN,   AND    WINDSOR,   16*03. 

At  Aylesbury  the  King  knighted  Sir  William  Smith;  and  about  the  same 
time,  either  before  or  after  visiting  that  place,  he  conferred  the  same  honour,  at 
Great  Hampden  ',  on  his  host  Sir  Alexander  Hampden2;  Sir  Henry  Barker,  of 
Berkshire;  Sir  William  Willoughby3,  of  Buckinghamshire ;  and  Sir  Edward 
Pynchon  4,  of  Essex;  and,  at  Great  Missenden5,  the  seat  of  Sir  William  Fleet- 
wood6,  on  Sir  William  Pawlet?,  of  Wiltshire;  Sir  Gerrard  Fleetwood8,  of 
Buckinghamshire;  Sir  Thomas  Eversfield 9,  of  Sussex;  and  Sir  Arthur  Porter, 
of  Gloucestershire. 

"  His  Majestie  having  deferred  the  Feast  of  St.  George  untill  his  being  at  some 
of  his  own  houses,  held  the  said  Feast  at  Windsor  the  second  of  Julie,  where  the 
young  Prince  was  enstalled  Knight  of  the'most  Noble  Order  of  the  Garter  I0 ;  and 
after  that,  being  in  his  robes,  presented  unto  the  Queene's  Majestie;  and  whilest 
he  was  in  the  chamber  with  her,  I  heard  the  Earles  of  Nottingham  and  Northamp- 

He  built  a  noble  mansion  at  Westwood  in  Worcestershire,  which  became  his  principal  residence  ; 
and  upon  his  son's  marriage  gave  him  the  house  at  Aylesbury,  about  the  same  time  procuring 
him  a  Baronetcy  (see  vol.  III.  p.  610).  In  1623  the  Baronet  was  elected  one  of  the  Representa- 
tives for  the  borough  in  Parliament,  but  died  the  next  year;  and  in  the  entry  of  his  burial  in 
the  Parish  Register,  he  is  styled  "  the  Hopes  of  Ayletbury." 

'  Hampden-house  had  been  honoured  by  a  visit  from  Queen  Elizabeth  in  1563  (see  her  "Pro- 
gresses," vol.  III.  p.  660).  It  descended  with  the  family  estates  to  the  late  Viscount  Hampden  (who 
died  in  18-24)  ;  but  it  had  long  been  deserted  as  a  residence. 

8  Sir  Alexander  had  been  Sheriff  of  Buckinghamshire  in  1591.          3  Of  Marlow,  Sheriff  1604. 

1  Of  Turges  in  the  parish  of  Writtle,  in  which  church  there  is  a  noble  monument  to  him  and  his 
lady.  He  died  May  6,  1625.  See  Morant's  Essex,  vol.  II.  p.  66. 

s  The  estate  of  Great  Missenden  had  been  Crown  property,  and  was  confirmed  by  letters  patent  to 
Sir  William  Fleetwood  in  1612.  It  was  purchased  out  of  chancery  in  1787  by  James  Oldham  Old- 
ham,  Esq.  who  wholly  re-built  the  mansion. 

6  Son  of  Sir  William,  Recorder  of  London,  a  letter  of  whom  to  Lord  Burghley  is  printed  in  the 
"  Progresses  of  Queen   Elizabeth,"   vol.   I.   p.  355.    The  son  was  knighted  at  Hendon  in   1603 
(see  before,  p.  165). 

7  One  of  the  four  natural  sons  of  William  third   Marquis  of  Winchester,  of  whom  hereafter, 
p.  219;  vol.  III.  pp.  491,  564.     Sir  William  was  Sheriff  of  Wiltshire  in  1613. 

*  Called  by  Noble  "  Sir  Gervace  Fleetwood,  of  Crowley  in  Northamptonshire,  knighted  by  King 
James  at  the  seat  of  his  brother  Sir  William.  He  was  returned  M.  P.  for  Chipping  Wycombe,  the 
fourth  of  that  reign,  and,  adhering  to  King  Charles,  was  fined  by  the  Parliament."  Memoirs  of  the 
Crom\vell  Family,  vol.  II.  p.  352. 

»  Who  had  been  Sheriff  of  Surrey  and  Sussex  in  1599. 

10  "  St.  George  fallinge  on  Good  Friday,  it  being  then  the  22d  day  of  April,  there  assembled  at 
Whitehal  divers  Knights  of  the  Garter  (King  James  then  beinge  on  his  way  and  comynge  towards 

VOL.  I.  2  C 


194  INSTALLATION    OF   KNIGHTS   OF   THE    GARTER   AT   WINDSOR, 

ton  highly  commend  him  for  divers  his  quicke  wittie  answeres,  pryncely  carriage, 
and  reverend  performing  his  obeyzance  at  the  altar;  all  which  seemed  verie 
strange  unto  them,  and  the  rest  of  the  beholders,  considering  his  tender  age,  being 
until  then  altogether  unacquainted  with  the  matter  and  manner  thereof. 

"  There  were  likewise  with  his  Highnesse  enstalled  Knights  and  Companions 
of  the  most  Noble  Order  of  the  Garter,  the  Duke  of  Lenox,  the  Earle  of 
Southampton,  the  Earle  of  Marr,  and  the  Earle  of  Pembroke. 

"  There  were  also  elected  the  King  of  Denmarke  and  the  Duke  of  Wertenberg. 

"  The  same  time  the  great  Ladies  of  England,  in  honor  of  the  Queene,  and  dis- 
charge of  their  duties,  came  to  the  Court  to  performe  their  homage  unto  her 
Highnesse,  who  with  great  reverence,  kneeling  one  by  one,  kissed  her  Majestie's 
hand,  being  hard  to  discerne  whether  the  mildnesse  of  the  Soveraigne,  or  humi- 
litie  of  the  subject  was  greatest;  the  names  of  which  Ladies,  as  I  then  knew  and 
now  remember,  were,  the  young  Ladie  Marquesse  of  Winchester ',  the  Countesse 

London  out  of  Scotland,  and  as  yet  not  come  to  London),  the  names  of  some  of  which  Knights  were 

as  ensueth  : 

Charles  Howard,  Earl  of  Nottingham  and  Lord  Admyral  of  England. 

Edward  Sounersett,  Erie  of  Worcester,  Master  of  the  Horse. 
Thomas  Lord  Buckhurst,  Treasorer  of  England. 
Gilbert  Talbot,  Erie  of  Shrewsburie. 
Thomas  Howard,  Lord  Howard  of  Walden. 
Edmund  Lord  Sheffeild. 
Henry  Lord  Cobham. 
William  Stanley,  Erie  of  Derby. 

"  Theis  Knights,  at  that  daie  in  the  afternoone  calling  a  Chaptre  in  the  King's  Closett  next  the 
Chappie  at  Whitehall,  chose  into  the  Order  of  the  Garter  the  Kinge  of  Denmark,  and  Henry  Frede- 
rick, then  Prince,  son  and  heire  apparant  to  King  James,  and  adjorned  the  solempnytie  of  the  Feast 
of  St.  George  untill  the  2d  of  July  then  next  following,  beinge  Saturday,  on  which  day,  it  beinge 
made  the  Eve  of  St.  George's  Feast,  it  was  kept  at  Windsore ;  where  were  then  present  of  the 
Knights  of  the  Gartier  in  the  Quyer,  the  Knights  whose  names  followe : 

Charles  Howard,  Erie  of  Nottingham.  The  Erie  of  Worcester. 

The  Lord  Tresurer.  The  Lord  Sheffield. 

The  Erie  of  Shrewsbury.  The  Lord  Thomas  Howard. 

The  Erie  of  Comberland.  Sir  Henry  Lea. 

The  Erie  of  Northumberland.  The  Erie  of  Derby. 

The  Erie  of  Sussex,  the  Lord  Mountjoy,  Lord  Burleighe,  and  Lord  Cobham,  having  licence  to  be 
absent."     Harl.  MSS.  5877. 

1  Lucy,  daughter  of  Thomas  Lord  Burleigh  (afterward  Earl  of  Exeter),  and  wife  of  William  the 
fourth  Marquess. 


INSTALLATION    DINNER    AT    WINDSOR    CASTLE,   l603-  195 

of  Oxford1,  the  old  Countesse  of  Darby2  and  her  daughters,  the  Countesse  of 
Shrewsbury3,  the  Countesse  of  Pembrooke4  and  her  daughter  [Anne],  the  Countesse 
of  Sussex5,  the  Countesse  of  Bedford6;  neere  attendant  unto  her  Majestie,  the 
Countesse  of  Hertford7,  the  Countesse  of  SufTolke8,  the  Countesseof  Kildare9,  hav- 
ing then  the  chief  chargeof  the  Lady  Elizabeth,  the  Lady  Berkeley lo,  the  Lady  Rich ' ', 
the  Lady  Petre  I2,  the  Lady  Guilford  12,  and  the  Ladie  Hatton13,  wife  to  Maister 
Atturney  General.  There  were  divers  other  right  noble  and  honorable  Ladies, 
whose  names  I  knew  not,  being  all  of  them  most  sumptuous  in  apparel),  and 
exceeding  rich  and  glorious  in  jewels  like  the  wearers  14." 

Lady  Anne  Clifford  thus  notices  the  Dinner  and  subsequent  movements: 
"  I  stood  with  my  Lady  Elizabeth's  Grace  in  the  schrine  in  the  Great  Hall 
at  Windsor,  to  see  the  Kinge  and  all  the  Knights  sit  at  dinner.  Thither  came 
the  Archduk's  Embassador,  who  was  receaued  by  the  Kinge  and  Cjueene  in  the 
Great  Hall,  wher  ther  was  such  an  infinit  companie  of  Lords  and  Ladies  and  so 
great  a  Court  as  I  think  I  shall  never  see  the  like. 

1  Anne,  daughter  of  Thomas  Trenthani,  of  Rocester,  Staffordshire,  and  second  wife  of  Edward 
de  Vere,  eighteenth  Earl  of  Oxford. 

"  Alice,  widow  of  Ferdinand,  fifth  Earl  of  Derby.  This  Lady  and  her  daughters  will  be  particu- 
larly noticed  under  the  year  1606.  She  is  here  styled  "  the  old  Countess,"  to  distinguish  her  from 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  William  the  sixth  Earl,  who  has  been  noticed  as  "  the  young  Countess,"  in  p.  194, 
and  will  occur  again  in  the  Masque  1604-5. 

I  Mary,  daughter  of  Sir  William  Cavendish,  and  wife  of  Gilbert  Talbot,  seventh  Earl  of  Shrews- 
bury, who  had  entertained,  separately,  both  the  King  and  Queen  at  Worksop.  See  before,  pp.  87,  170. 

4  Mary,  daughter  of  Sir  Henry  Sidney,  K.  B.  and  widow  of  Henry,  second  Earl  of  Pembroke.  She 
had  only  one  daughter,  Anne,  who  died  young. 

s  Bridget,  daughter  of  Sir  Charles  Morison,  and  first  wife  of  Robert  Ratcliffe,  fifth  Earl  of  Sussex. 

*  See  before,  p.  174. 

7  Frances,  daughter  of  Thomas  Viscount  Howard  of  Bindon,  and  third  wife  of  Edward  Seymour, 
first  Earl  of  Hertford. — She  had  previously  been  the  wife  of  Henry  Purncll,  Esq.  of  London,  and  was 
wedded,  thirdly,  to  Lodovick  Stuart,  Duke  of  Lenox. 

•  Wife  of  Thomas  Howard,  third  Earl  of  Suffolk.     See  the  Masque  of  1604-5. 

9  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Christopher  Lord  Delvin,  and  wife  of  Gerard  Fitzgerald,  Earl  of  Kildare. 

10  Elizabeth,  only  child  of  Sir  Henry  Carey,  Governor  of  the  Isle  of  Wight ;  and  wife  of  Henry 
eleventh  Lord  Berkeley.     She  died  April  "23,  1635,  aged  59. 

II  Of  Lady  Rich,  see  hen-after  under  the  Masque  of  16O4-5. 

11  Of  Lady  Petre  and  Lady  Guilford,  see  under  the  Masque  of   1608-9. 

13  Elizabeth,  widow  of  Sir  William  Hatton,  and  wife  of  Sir  Edward  Coke,  then  Attorney  General. 
She  also  figures  in  the  Masque  of  1608-9.  '«  Howes'  Chronicle. 


EXTRACTS    FROM    LADY   ANNE    CLIFFORD'S    JOURNAL,  16*03. 

"From  Windsor1  theCourtremoved  to  Hampton  Court2,  where  my  Motherand  I 
lay  in  one  of  the  Round  Towers,  round  about  wch  weare  tents,  wher  they  died  two  or 
three  a  day  of  ye  Plague.  Ther  I  fell  extreamely  sicke  of  a  fever,  so  as  my  Mother 
wasinsome  doubt  it  might  turne  to  the  Plague;  butwthintwoor  three  daies  I  grew  rea- 
sonnable  well,  and  was  sent  away  to  my  Coz.  Studall's  at  Norburie,  Mrs.  Carington 
goinge  wth  me ;  for  Mrs.  Taylor  was  newly  put  away  from  me,  hir  husband  dieing 
of  the  Plague  shortly  after.  A  litle  afore  this  tyme  my  Mother  and  I,  my  Aunt  of 
Bath3,  and  my  Cozen  Fraunces4,  went  to  North-hall  (my  Mother  being  extreame 
angrie  wth  me  for  rideinge  before  wth  Mr.  Meuerell),  wher  my  Mother  in  hir  anger 
comaunded  yi  I  should  lie  in  a  chamber  alone,  wch  I  could  not  endure ;  but  my 
Cozen  Fraunces  got  the  key  of  my  chamber,  and  lay  wth  me,  wch  was  the  first  tyme 
I  loved  hir  so  verie  well.  The  next  day  Mr.  Meuerell,  as  he  went  abroade,  felle 
downe  suddainly,  and  died,  soe  as  most  thought  it  was  of  the  Plague,  wch  was  then 
verie  riffe.  It  put  us  all  in  great  feare  and  amasement,  for  rny  Aunt  had  then  a 
suit  to  follow  in  Court,  and  my  Mother  to  attend  the  Kinge  about  the  busines 
betweene  my  Father  and  her.  My  Aunt  of  Warwike  sent  us  medicines  from  a  litle 
house  neare  Hampton  Court,  wher  she  then  lay  with  Sir  Moyle  Finch5  and  his 
Lady. — Now  was  the  Master  of  Orckney6,  and  the  Lord  Tullebardine7  much  in 

'  "  At  Windsor  ther  was  such  an  inlinit  number  of  Ladies  sworne  of  the  <Q.  Privy  Chamber  as  made 
the  place  of  no  esteeme  or  credit.  Once  I  spake  to  my  La.  of  Bedford  to  be  one,  but  had  the  good 
fortune  to  miss  it." 

*  "  At  Hampton  Court,  my  mother,  my  selfe,  and  the  other  Ladies,  dined  in  the  presence,  as  they  used 
in  Queene  Elizabeth's  tyme ;  but  that  custome  lasted  not  longe.     About  this  tyme  my  La.  of  Hert- 
ford began  to  grow  great  wth  the  Q.  and  the  Q.  wore  her  picture." 

3  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Francis  Russell,  second  Earl  of  Bedford,  and  wife  of  William  Bourchier, 
third  Earl  of  Bath. 

4  Frances,  only  daughter  of  the  Earl  and  Countess  of  Bath.     She  died  unmarried ;  and  had  two 
brothers,  who  both  died  infants. 

*  Of  Eastwell  in  Kent.     He  was  knighted  by  (Queen  Elizabeth  in  1585 ;  created  a  Baronet  by  King 
James  in  1G11  ;  and  was  the  ancestor  of  the  present  Earl  of  Winchelsea. 

6  John  Stewart,  second  son  of  Robert  Earl  of  Orkney.    He  was  styled  Master  of  Orkney,  (his 
elder  brother  being  dead)  as  presumptive  heir  to  that  Earldom.     He  was  created  a  Peer  by  the  title  of 
Lord  Kincleven,  August  10,  1607.     He  was  advanced,  in  1630,  to  the  dignity  of  Earl  of  Carrick,  a 
title  which  till  that  time  had  been  appropriated  to  the  eldest  son  of  the  several  Scottish  Monarchs.  He 
died  in  1652,  without  male  issue. 

7  Sir  John  Murray,  of  Tullebardine,  was  in  great  favour  with  King  James,  with  whom  he  had  been 
brought  up  in  intimacy  from  childhood,  which  occasioned  a  confidence  that  never  was  shaken.     He 
was  constituted  Master  of  the  King's  Household  in  1592;  sworn  a  Privy  Counsellor,  and  knighted; 


LETTER    FROM    SIR    DUDLEY    CARLETON    TO    SIR    THOMAS    PARRY,   16*03.         19? 

love  with  Mrs.  Carey  ',  and  came  thither  to  see  us,  with  George  Murray  in  their 
companie,  who  was  one  of  the  Kinge's  Bedchamber.  Within  nine  or  ten  daies 
we  weare  allowed  to  come  to  the  Court  againe." 

Sir  Dudley  Carleton  thus  writes  from  Windsor,  July  3,  to  Sir  Thomas  Parry : 
"  The  King  and  Queen,  and  the  Prince  and  Princess,  came  to  this  place  on  Thurs- 
day last,  and  brought  with  them  a  mervilous  great  Court  both  of  Lords  and 
Ladies;  besides  a  great  number  that  were  here  settled  to  receave  them.  Here 
was  some  squaring  at  first  between  our  English  and  Scottish  Lords,  for  lodging, 
and  such  other  petty  quarrels;  but  all  is  past  over  in  peace.  The  Lords  of  South- 
ampton2 and  Grey3,  the  first  night  the  Cj.  came  hither,  renewed  old  quarrels,  and 
fell  flatly  out  in  her  presence.  She  was  in  discourse  with  the  L.  Southampton, 
touching  the  L.  of  Essex4  action,  and  wondered,  as  she  said,  so  many  great  men 
did  so  little  for  themselves ;  to  which  Ld  Southampton  answered,  that  the  Q. 
being  made  a  party  agst  them  they  were  forced  to  yeald ;  but  if  that  course  had 
not  been  taken,  there  was  none  of  theyr  private  ennemys,  with  whom  only  their 

and  was  raised  to  the  Peerage  by  the  title  of  Lord  Murray  of  Tullebardine,  April  25,  1604 ;  advanced 
to  the  dignity  of  an  Earl,  July  10,  16O6  ;  and  died  in  1609.  His  son  William,  the  second  Earl  (who, 
in  the  Cowrie  conspiracy,  August  6,  1 6OO,  had  been  very  instrumental  in  quieting  the  Town's  peo- 
ple, and  bringing  off  the  King  and  his  retinue),  resigned  the  Earldom  into  the  hands  of  King  Charles 
April  12,  1626,  in  order  that  it  might  be  conferred  on  his  brother  Sir  Patrick  Murray,  as  his  son 
enjoyed  the  Earldom  of  Athol. — Sir  Patrick  Murray  will  be  noticed  hereafter. 

'  This  fair  Lady  will  be  property  noticed  hereafter. 

•  Henry  Wriothesley,  third  Earl  of  Southampton,  who  had  not  long  before  been  released  from  the 
Tower,  and  who,  on  the  21st  of  July,  was  restored  to  his  title.     See  pp.  52,  204. 

1  Thomas  Lord  Grey,  of  Wilton,  a  very  promising  young  man,  became  tinctured  with  the  factions  of 
the  Puritan  party,  and  engaged  in  those  mysterious  intrigues  which  were  called  "  Raleigh's  Con- 
spiracy." He  was  arrested  on  the  12th  of  July,  and  tried  at  Winchester  in  November  (where  we  shall 
again  meet  with  him).  At  present  it  may  be  proper  to  observe,  that  he  was  certainly  of  a  violent 
temper ;  for,  Secretary  Cecil  writes  to  Sir  Henry  Neville,  June  5,  1599,  "  Yf  you  chance  to  heare  any 
flying  tale,  that  my  Lord  Grey  should  be  committed  in  Ireland,  the  accident  was  only  this :  That  he 
being  only  a  Colonell  of  horse,  and  my  Lord  of  Southampton  Generall,  he  did  charge  without  direc- 
tion ;  and  so,  for  order  sake,  was  only  committed  to  the  Marshall  one  night."  Winwood,  vol.  I.  p.  47. 
—Again  Sir  Henry  Neville  writes  to  Mr.  Winwood,  Jan.  29,  16OO :  "  Our  home  matters  are,  as  I  have 
heretofore  written,  without  any  alteration  ;  only  my  Lord  Grey,  upon  some  new-conceived  discontent, 
assaulted  my  Lord  of  Southampton  on  horseback  in  the  street.  For  which  contempt,  against  her 
Majesty's  commandment  given  before  to  them  both,  he  was  committed  to  the  Fleet.  Ibid.  292. 

«  Robert  Devereux,  the  unfortunate  Favourite  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  who  in  1598  had  been  sent  to 
subdue  the  Irish  Rebels.     See  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  III.  p.  432. 


198  PROCLAMATION    RESPECTING    THE    CORONATION,   l6*03. 

quarrel  was,  that  durst  have  opposed  themselves.  This  being  overheard  by  the  L. 
Grey,  he  would  maintain  the  contrary  party  durst  have  done  more  than  they,  upon 
which  he  had  the  lie  erebled1  at  him.  The  Q.  bad  them  remember  where  they 
were,  and  soon  after  sent  them  to  their  lodgings,  to  which  they  were  committed, 
with  guard  upon  them.  They  next  day  were  brought  and  heard  before  the 
Council,  and  condemned  to  be  sent  back  to  the  Tower.  But  soon  after  the  King 
sent  for  them ;  and,  taking  the  quarrel  upon  him,  and  the  wrong  and  disgrace  done 
to  her  Majesty  and  not  exchanged  betwixt  them,  forgave  it,  to  make  them  friends ; 
which  was  accordingly  effected,  and  they  presently  set  at  liberty. 

"  This  day  the  King  does  hold  St.  George's  Feast,  which  began  yesterday  with 
the  Installation  of  the  new  Knights. 

"There  is  a  Proclamation  signed  and  sent  for  the  apprehension  of  Antony  Coplin, 
a  busy-headed  fellow,  and  a  Writer  of  late  in  these  controversies  betwixt  the  Priests 
and  Jesuits practise  against  his  [the  King's]  person,  and  not  only  under- 
taker of  the  damnable  attempt  himself,  but  excited  divers  others  to  do  the  like2." 

On  the  6th  of  July,  the  following  Proclamation  was  issued : 
"Forasmuche  as  we  find  that  the  Infection  within  our  City  of  London  doth 
daily  increase,  and  ys  like,  to  our  grief,  rather  to  augment  than  diminish,  as  well 
by  reason  of  the  season  of  the  yeare  as  by  the  great  concourse  of  people  to 
our  said  City  agaynst  the  tyme  of  our  Coronation,  some  to  doe  theire  duties  in 
such  necessary  services  as  to  them  belongeth  at  that  solempnity,  and  some  for 
comfort  they  take  in  the  sight  of  our  Person,  of  the  Cjueene  oure  deare  Wyfe,  and 
of  our  Children ;  although  there  could  be  no  greater  joy  to  us  than  the  presence 
and  confluence  of  all  sorts  of  good  subjects  at  such  a  tyme,  when  the  more  there 
should  be  partakers  of  that  publike  rejoycing,  the  more  should  be  our  particuler 
comfort,  yet  such  is  our  fear  least  this  their  resort  should  worke  a  contrary  effect 
both  to  theire  and  our  expectation,  namely,  to  be  a  meanes  not  only  of  increasing 
th'  infection  within  our  City,  but  of  dispersing  it  into  all  parts  of  this  Realme,  as 
we  hadrather  forbeare  some  part  of  our  ornament  and  custome,  which  is  due  to 
the  honor  and  solempnity  of  our  Coronation,  than  by  having  the  uttermost  there 
performed,  be  occasion  of  soe  great  an  evell  to  our  people,  as  ys  the  spreading  of 
the  infection  amongest  them  ;  wherefore  we  have  thought  it  best  to  forbear  of  that 
solempnity  whatsoever  is  not  essential  to  it,  and  to  defer  all  state  and  pompe 

1  SicOrig. 

1  Cotton.  MSS.  Caligula,  E.  x.  (one  of  those  damaged  by  fire)  p.  977. 


PROCLAMATION    OK    CONCORD    BETWEEN    ENGLAND    AND    SCOTLAND,   lG03.       199 

accustomed  by  our  progenitors  which  ys  not  of  necessity  to  be  done  within  the 
Church  at  the  tyrne  of  our  Coronation,  as  also  to  omit  our  sollempne  entry  and 
passage  through  our  City  of  London  for  this  tyme,  intending  to  performe  the 
same  hereafter  in  the  Winter,  when  we  shall  perceave  our  City  to  be  free  from 
sickness;  and  of  this  our  purpose,  and  of  the  causes  thereof,  we  have  thought 
good  to  give  notice  to  all  our  subjects  by  Proclamation,  to  the  end  that,  as  well 
those  of  our  said  City  may  forbear  to  proceed  in  such  shewes  and  ornaments  as 
we  heare  they  out  of  love  have  in  hand  to  honor  our  said  entry,  as  also  all  other 
people  may  abstayne  from  resorting  to  our  said  City  at  this  tyme,  other  than  such 
as  have  necessarj'  employment  in  that  solempnity,  and  cheifly  about  such  parts 
thereof  as  are  to  be  performed  only  within  the  Church,  whom  also  we  require  to 
bring  with  them  no  greater  trayne  of  servants  than  of  necessity  they  must  use 
each  of  them  in  his  degree  about  their  persons,  wherein  they  shall  provide  for 
their  own  good,  and  give  us  great  satisfaction  in  conforming  themselves  dutifully 
to  this  our  admonition.  Gyven  at  our  Castle  of  Windsor  the  sixt  day  of  July 
1603,  in  the  first  year  of  our  raigne  of  England,  Fraunce,  and  Ireland,  and  of 
Scotland  the  six  and  thirtieth.  Per  ipsum  Regem1" 

The  appointment  of  the  Earl  of  Nottingham  to  be  High  Steward,  dated  July 
7,  is  in  the  same  terms  with  that  in  p.  188  of  his  appointment  to  the  High  Con- 
stableship  on  the  25th  of  June;  as  is  also  that  of  the  Earl  of  Worcester  to 
be  Earl  Marshal,  with  a  small  addition3. 

On  the  8th,  a  Proclamation  was  issued  respecting  the  Concord  of  the  English  and 
Scotch,  earnestly  stating  the  King's  resolution  to  proceed  with  equal  affection  and 
impartiality  to  both  Nations,  and  desiring  all  Officers  and  Magistrates  to  do  the 
same;  the  reason  given  for  its  issue  is,  "because  we  doe  heare  of  many  insolen- 
cies  reported  to  be  committed  by  our  Nation  of  Scotland  to  our  English  subjects, 
with  this  addition  further,  that  the  Magistrates  and  Justices  are  thought  to  be 
remise  towards  such,  in  doubt  least  the  same  should  be  offensively  reported  to 
us,  we  have  thought  it  convenient,  &c. 3" 

1  Rynier's  Fccdera.  vol.  XVI.  p.  5'2l,  from  Pat.  1  Jac.  I.  p.  14,  m.39. 

"  Dmuus  etiam  ct  conccdimus  per  preserves  cidem  consangiiineo  nostro,  quod  ipse,  ratione  Officii 
tui  predict!,  habcat,  gerat,  ct  deserat,  tain  in  praesentia  nostril,  quani  in  absentia  nostra,  durante  ti-r- 
mino  pradicto,  quendam  Baculum  Aureum,  ad  utrumque  finem  de  nigro  annulatum,  et  cum  signo 
armorum  nostrorum  in  fine  superior!  dicti  bacilli,  et  cum  signo  armorum  dicti  Comitis  in  inferiori  line 
ejusdem  baculi  ornatum,  licitc  ct  impunc,  absque  impetitione  nostri  vel  ha'redum  nostronim,  Jiisti- 
ciariorum,  Officiariorum,  seu  aliorum  ministrorum  nostrorum  i|uorumcumque." 

J  Rymer's  Foedera,  vol.  XVI.  p.  527. 


200  KNIGHTS    MADE    BY   THE    KING    AT    WINDSOR,   lfi03. 

On  the  yth,  the  King  made  the  following  Knights  in  Windsor  Castle : 

Sir  Richard  Cholmley  l,  of  Whitby  in     Sir  William  Hillard,  of  Yorkshire. 

Yorkshire.  Sir  Edward  Plumpton,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Francis  Trappes,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  John  York,  of  Yorkshire. 

1  Son  of  Sir  Henry  Cholmley,  of  Whitby,  who  had  been  knighted  at  York  (see  p.  82)  on  the  17th  of 
April,  "  about  which  time,"  says  his  grandson  Sir  Hugh,  in  "  Memoirs"  of  the  Family  of  Cholmley,  "  it 
pleased  God  that  he  became  to  be  confirmed  in  the  Protestant  religion,  and  his  wife  absolutely  con- 
verted to  it;  and  ever  after,  both  of  them  lived  and  died  very  zealous  Protestants.  After  much  land 
sold,  and  debts  still  increasing,  and  having  a  numerous  issue,  he  confined  himself  to  a  proportion, 
and  turned  the  land  into  the  hand  of  his  eldest  son  (then  married)  for  the  payment  of  debt,  and 
increase  of  his  children's  portions;  and  about  the  58th  year  of  his  age  retired  with  his  wife  and 
family  into  the  City  of  York,  where  he  continued  till  his  death."  According  to  the  Family  Memoirs 
Richard  Cholmley  is  stated  to  have  been  knighted  at  Graf  ton  on  the  28th  of  June ;  but  the  date  and  place 
noticed  above  is  probably  more  correct ;  still  the  family  statement  shall  here  be  given  :  "  Sir  Richard 
was  knighted  by  King  James,  at  his  first  coming  out  of  Scotland,  in  his  way  to  London,  at  a  place 
called  Grafton,  in  Northamptonshire,  when  Sir  Thomas  Bellasis  (after  created  Lord  Falconberge),and 
divers  other  young  Yorkshire  Gentlemen  of  quality,  to  the  number  of  twenty-three,  were  knighted 
at  the  same  time,  of  which  this  Sir  Richard  was  the  first,  they  being  all  presented  together  by  the 
Lord  George  Clifford,  Earl  of  Cumberland,  who  entertained  the  King  at  that  place.  He  was  of  the 
tallest  stature  of  men,  about  the  height  of  his  father,  but  slender  and  well-shaped.  His  mother  was 
a  very  beautiful  woman,  contributing,  as  did  his  grandmother,  to  the  whitening  of  those  black 
shadows  formerly  incident  to  the  family  ;  for,  when  he  was  very  young,  his  hair  was  of  a  light  colour, 
and  his  complexion  fair;  and,  acting  the  part  of  a  Woman,  in  a  Comedy  at  Trinity  College  in  Cam- 
bridge, he  did  it  with  great  applause,  and  was  esteemed  beautiful ;  yet,  being  grown  to  be  a  man,  his 
complexion  grew  brown,  and  something  inclinable  to  swarthy,  which  yet  may  be  ascribed  rather  to 
his  riding  in  the  sun,  and  much  using  of  field  sports,  in  his  youth,  than  to  nature ;  for  the  skin  of 
his  body  was  a  passing  white,  and  of  a  very  smooth  grain,  and  he  had  a  most  incomparable  sweet 
breath,  insomuch  as  many  times  one  would  have  thought  it  had  carried  a  perfume  or  sweet  odoriferous 
smell  with  it.  The  hair  of  his  head  was  chesnut-brown,  and  the  ends  of  his  locks  curled  and  turned 
up  very  gracefully,  without  that  frisling  which  his  father  Sir  Henry's  was  inclined  to ;  his  beard  a  yel- 
lowish brown,  and  thin  upon  the  chin,  as  was  his  father's ;  his  eyes  grey  ;  his  face  and  visage  long,  with 
a  handsome  Roman  nose ;  of  a  very  winning  aspect,  a  most  manly  and  graceful  presence.  He  had  also 
a  rare  voice,  being  both  sweet  and  strong,  nature  affording  him  those  graces  in  singing,  which  others 
endeavoured  to  attain  to  by  art  and  practice;  all  which  rendered  him  famous  among  the  female  sex. 
He  was  very  valiant,  as  appeared  upon  divers  occasions  ;  but  more  particularly  his  being  several  times 
in  the  field  upon  duels,  and  not  without  provocation  ;  for  he  was  as  far  from  giving  offence  as  taking 
it  upon  slight  causes.  In  1620,  Sir  Richard,  being  elected  Burgess  for  Scarborough,  went  with  all 
his  family  to  London,  being  then  in  an  ill  disposition  of  health,  which  so  continued  as  he  scarce  went 
six  days  to  Parliament-house  during  the  sitting  of  the  Parliament.  He  continued  with  his  family  at 
London  till  January  lfi'22,  when  suddenly  he  remored  them  all,  and  went  to  his  house  at  Whitby,  upon 


KNIGHTS    MADE    BY    THE    KING    AT    WINDSOR    CASTLE,  16*03.  201 

Sir  Thomas  Bellasis  ',  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  John  Chamberleyn,  of  Oxfordshire. 

Sir  Matthew  Redman,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  William  Paddy,  of  Oxfordshire. 

Sir  Stephen  Tempest8,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Michael  Green,  of  Oxfordshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Samford,  of  Westminster.  Sir  William  Green. 

SirThomas Tempest,  of  Buckinghamsh.  Sir  John  Babford.. 

Sir  John  Roper3,  of  Kent.  Sir  Amyas  Bampfylde4,  of  Devonshire. 

a  Proclamation  of  the  King,  commanding  every  man  to  repair,  with  their  families,  to  their  ordinary 
habitations  in  their  own  countries."  In  1624  he  was  High  Sheriff  of  Yorkshire,  having  the  honour  to 
be  Sheriff  in  the  last  year  of  King  James  and  the  first  of  King  Charles ;  but,  in  1626,  having  incurred 
large  debts,  he  made  over  his  "  whole  estate  for  ten  years  for  their  payment,  reserving  only  ^.400  per 
annum  for  himself  for  that  time,  and  then  lived  retired  at  VVhitby ;  but  it  was  not  the  Lord's  pleasure 
lie  should  live  to  see  these  ten  years  expired,  for  he  died  within  six. — This  Sir  Richard  was  no  great 
scholar,  yet  understood  Latin,  and  was  well  read  in  history  ;  had  most  singular  and  natural  parts,  as  a 
quick  wit  and  apprehension,  a  solid  judgement,  P  contriving  head  fit  for  a  Statesman,  a  fluent  tongue, 
so  that  he  would  speak  both  eloquently  and  orationally.  He  had  not  the  gift  of  his  father,  to  write 
several  letters  at  one  time ;  yet  could  use  his  pen  as  well  as  most  men,  and  in  earnest  had  such  singular 
parts  and  endowments  of  nature  as,  if  he  had  not  been  kept  under  hatches  by  his  father's  debts, 
and  the  many  unjust  suits  of  that  perverse,  troublesome  neighbour  Sir  Thomas  Hobby,  and  some 
other  cross  accidents,  in  all  probability  he  had  appeared  a  very  eminent  person  to  the  world, 
and  might  have  aggrandised  his  family  as  well  as  some  other  his  countrymen  and  contempo- 
raries, being  in  understanding  and  natural  parts  not  inferior  to  any  of  them  :  yet,  notwithstanding 
these  great  perfections,  he  was  not  without  infirmities  j  as  of  a  haughty  spirit,  naturally  choleric, 
though  he  could  well  bridle  it  when  any  might  take  advantage  thereby ;  a  little  too  imperious  over 
his  servants  and  tenants,  and  apt  to  give  harsh  language  to  them,  as  also  to  the  ordinary  country  peo- 
ple, who  came  to  him  upon  Justice- business,  which  made  him  not  popular  in  the  country,  which  was 
imputed  to  habit  and  ill-custom,  taken  by  the  example  of  some  persons  he  lived  and  conversed  with, 
rather  than  to  his  disposition,  being  naturally  inclined  to  affability,  and  having  ever  a  plausible  deport- 
ment to  all  strangers  and  persons  of  quality." — He  died  at  Whitby-house  in  1632,  at  the  age  of  52. 

1  Son  of  Sir  Henry  Bellasis,  who  was  knighted  at  York  on  the  17th  of  April  (p.  82)  and  grandson 
of  Sir  William  Bellasis  (who  had  been  knighted  in  1583,  and  lived  to  see  his  son  and  grandson 
knighted). — Sir  Thomas  was  created  a  Peer  May  25,  1627,  by  the  title  of  Lord  Fauconberg  of 
Yarum  ;  and  advanced  Jan.  31,  1642-3,  to  the  dignity  of  Viscount.  He  died  in  1652.  The  present 
Peer  is  his  immediate  descendant. 

*  Sir  Stephen  Tempest,  of  Broughton,  Founder  of  that  House  in  1597;  Justice  of  Peace  in  161  2 
He  was  twice  married.  See  the  pedigree  of  his  family  in  Whitaker's  Craven,  p.  87. 

J  Eldest  son  of  Christopher  Roper,  Esq.  of  Eltham.  He  was  advanced  to  the  Peerage  July  9,  1616, 
by  the  title  of  Lord  Ti-yiiluun  ;  and  died  August  30,  1618,  at  the  age  of  81.  The  present  Lord  is  his 
immediate  descendant,  and  the  thirteenth  Baron. 

4  Sir  Amyas  Bampfxlilo,  of  Poltimore,  was  then  (1603)  High  Sheriff  of  Devonshire  ;  he  died  Feb.  9, 
1625,  aged  65.  His  grandson  John  was  created  a  Baronet  in  1641,  and  his  great-grandson.  Sir  Cople- 

VOL.  I.  2  D 


202  PROCLAMATION    RESPECTING   THE   CORONATION,   l60$. 

Sir  Thomas  Browne1,  of  Devonshire.        Sir  Bryan  Palmes,  of  Southampton. 
Sir  Martyn  Gammon,  of  Devonshire.        Sir  Richard  Lowther2,  of  Cumberland. 
Sir  Thomas  Preston,  of  Dorsetshire.          Sir  William  Wogan,  of  Pembrokesh. 
Sir  Edward  Stodder,  of  Surrey.  Sir  John  Wogan,  of  Pembrokeshire. 

On  the  1 1th  of  July,  the  following  Proclamation  was  issued : 
"  The  care  we  have  to  prevent  all  occasions  of  dispersing  the  infection  amongest 
our  people  doth  sufficiently  appear  by  our  former  Proclamations,  and  that  for 
that  cause  we  are  contented  to  forbear  at  our  Coronation  all  such  ceremonyes  of 
honor  and  pompe  used  by  our  progenitors,  as  may  drawe  over  great  confluence  of 
people  to  our  City,  for  which  cause  alsoe  being  informed  that  usually  about  the 
day  of  our  Coronation  intended,  and  for  some  daies  after,  a  Fair  hath  been  used 
to  be  kept  in  the  fields  neare  our  house  of  St.  James's  and  City  of  Westminster, 
commonly  called  St.  James's  Fair,  which  yf  it  should  hold  at  the  tyme  accustomed 
being  the  very  instant  of  our  Coronation,  could  not  but  draw  resort  of  people  to 
that  place  much  more  unfit  to  be  neer  our  Court  and  Trayne  than  such  as  by 
former  Proclamations  are  restrayned :  Wherefore  we  have  thought  yt  necessary  to 
put  off  the  keeping  of  that  faire  for  some  fewe  dayes,  and  to  th'  end  that  all  men 
may  take  notice  thereof,  doe  publish  the  same  to  all  men's  knowledge,  requiring 
those  whom  are  as  Lordes  of  the  Fair  or  otherwise  interested  therein,  that,  according 
to  this  our  pleasure,  they  doe  forbear  to  hold  the  said  Fair,  and  to  resort  thither 
for  the  space  of  eight  or  ten  dayes  after  the  first  day  of  the  usual!  holding  thereof, 
lycensing  them  after  that  tyme  to  keepe  the  same  as  they  have  used  to  doe.  Fur- 
thermore to  avoyde  ouer  great  resort  to  our  Cities  of  London  and  Westminster  at 

stone,  is  enrolled  by  Prince  among  the  "  Worthies  of  Devon."  The  present  Sir  George  Warwick  is 
the  sixth  who  has  enjoyed  the  title. 

'  "  Of  Browne's  Harsh,  in  the  parish  of  Langtree,  near  Great  Torrington  in  Devon,  where  Sir 
Thomas  Browne  built  a  gentile  house ;  with  a  park  thereunto  belonging,  called  Brown  to  this  day. 
This  Sir  Thomas  was  a  younger  brother  to  the  famous  Brute  Brown,  who  was  killed  at  sea  by  the 
Spaniards,  before  Port  Rico.  Of  whose  death,  Sir  Francis  Drake,  the  General,  in  the  voyage,  said,  '  I 
could  grieve  for  thee,  dear  Brute,  but  now  'tis  no  time  to  let  down  my  spirits.'"  Prince's  Worthies. 

*  Sir  Richard  Lowther,  father  of  Sir  Christopher,  knighted  at  Newcastle,  April  13,  and  ancestor  of 
the  present  Earl  of  Lonsdale,  was  High  Sheriff  of  Cumberland  in  1566  and  1593.  He  succeeded  his 
cousin  Henry  Lord  Scroop  as  Lord  Warden  of  the  West  Marches,  and  was  thrice  Commissioner  in 
the  great  affairs  between  England  and  Scotland  all  the  time  of  Elizabeth,  and  when  the  Queen  of 
Scots  fled  into  England,  and  arrived  at  Workington  in  Cumberland  in  May  1568,  Queen  Eliza- 
beth sent  to  this  Sir  Richard  to  convey  Mary  to  Carlisle,  but  he  incurred  her  displeasure  in  admitting 
the  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  his  captive.  He  died  January  "27,  1609.  See  Brydges's  Peerage,  vol.  V.  p.  699. 


PRINCE    HENRY    REMOVED    TO    OATLAN1JS,  ifiOJ.  203 

that  time  for  the  cause  of  our  Coronation,  we  have  thought  good  to  limit  the 
Traynes  of  Noblemen  and  Gentlemen,  having  necessary  service  or  attendance  there, 
to  a  nomber  certayne  ;  videlicet,  Earles  to  sixteene;  Bishops  and  Barons  to  tenne ; 
Knights  to  sixe;  and  Gentlemen  to  foure;  which  nomber  we  require  each  of 
them  to  observe,  and  not  to  exceed,  as  they  tender  our  favour.  Gyven  at  our 
Castle  of  Wyndsor,  the  llth  day  of  July  1603,  the  first  yeare  of  our  Raigne  of 
England,  Fraunce,  and  Ireland,  and  of  Scotland  the  six  and  thirtieth  '." 

Hitherto  Knighthood  had  been  considered  as  an  especial  mark  of  Royal  favour; 
but  on  the  Ijth  of  July,  the  King  being  then  at  Hampton  Court,  a  general  Sum- 
mons2 was  issued,  for  all  persons  that  had  g§  40  a  year  in  land,  either  to  come 
and  receive  the  honour,  or  to  compound  with  the  King's  Commissioners. 

At  this  period  the  Plague  still  continuing  to  increase,  it  was  thought  proper 
that  Prince  Henry  should  remove  from  Windsor  to  Oatlands,  where,  by  appoint- 
ment of  the  King,  he  took  house  by  himself,  and  had  such  a  number  of  attend- 

1  Rymer's  Fcedera,  vol.  XVI.  p.  527,  from  Pat.  1  Jac.  I.  p.  14,  m.  38,  dors. 

*  It  is  here  inserted,  from  Uymer's  Foedera,  TO!.  XVI.  p.  530 :  "  Rex,  &c.  Prsedilectis  et  fidelibus 
Consiliariis  nostris,  Edwardo  Domino  Zouche  ;  Carolo  Domino  Mountjoy ;  Willielmo  Domino  Knollis, 
Thesaurario  Hospitii  nostri ;  Johanni  Popham,  Militi,  Capital!  Justiciario  nostro ;  Edwardo  Bruce, 
Magistro  Rotulorum  nostrorum ;  et  Johanni  Herbert,  Militi,  secundo  Secretario  nostro,  salulem. 
Cum  nos,  ex  certis  causis  urgentibus,  per  diversa  brevia  nostra,  omnibus  et  singulis  Vicecomitibus  de 
quolibet  Comitatu,  Civitate,  et  Burgo  regni  nostri  Angliae,  mandaverimus,  praecipiendo  quod  quilibet 
hujusmodi  Vicecomes  submoneat  omnes  ct  singulos  infra  Ballivas  suas,  tarn  infra  Libertates  quam 
cxtrh,  terras,  tenementa,  vel  hereditamenta  qusecunque  annul  valori?  Quadraginta  Librarum,  in  usu 
vel  possessione  habentes,  quod  compareant  ad  certum  diem  et  locum  in  hujusmodi  brevibus  con- 
tentos,  ad  recipiendum  ordinem  Militarem,  juxta  formam  statuti  in  hujusmodi  casu  edit!  et  provisi. 
Sciatis  quod  nos,  de  fulclitat iluis  industriis  et  providis  circumspectionibus  vestris  plurimum  confidents, 
assignavimus  vos  Commissionarios  nostros,  ad  tractanduui,  communicandum,  et  componcndum  omni- 
bus et  singulis  subditis  nostris  qui  finem  nobiscum  facere  voluerint  pro  exoneratione  pried  icti  Ordinis 
Mililaris,  hac  vice :  dantes  et  concedentes  vobis  sex,  quinque,  quatuor,  tribus,  vel  duobus  vestrum 
plenam  auctoritatem  et  potestatcm,  per  praesentes,  ad  tractandum,  et  com|K>nendum,  dcterminanduni 
et  concludendum  cum  omnibus  et  singulis  dictis  subditis  nostris,  qui  finem  nobiscum  in  hujusmodi 
casu  facere  voluerint,  necnon  taxandi  et  assidendi  hujusmodi  fines  ad  certain  pecuniarum  sumniam, 
prout  cum  subditis  nostris  prtedictis,  quorum  interest  in  hac  parte,  concordare  poteritis,  ad  diem  sive 
dies  solutionis  hujusmodi  finium  limitand'  et  appunctuand'  juxta  sanas  discretiones  vcstras,  et  quic- 
quid  in  praeniissis  vos  sex,  quinque,  quatuor,  tres,  vel  duo  vestrum  feceritis,  nos  gratuin  et  ratum  habc- 
bimus,  ac  omnes  illos,  qui  vobiscum  fines  fecerint  pro  exoneratione  Ordinis  praedicti,  exoneramus, 
et  exonerati  sint  et  quieti  erga  DOS  proinde  per  praesentcs.  In  cujus  rei,  &c.  Teste  Rege,  apud 
Hampton  Courte,  decimo  septimo  die  Julii.  Per  iptum  Regem." 


204  PEERS    CREATED   BY   THE   KING   AT   HAMPTON    COURT,  1603. 

ants  allotted  him  in  every  office,  as  was  suitable  to  his  age  '.  By  a  book  signed 
by  the  King  on  the  520th  of  July,  it  appears  that  the  establishment  of  the  House- 
hould  for  the  Prince  and  his  sister  the  Lady  Elizabeth  at  Oatlands  consisted  of 
70  servants,  22  of  whom  were  to  be  above  stairs,  and  48  below.  But  his  Majesty, 
some  weeks  after,  enlarged  their  number  to  104,  51  of  whom  were  appointed 
for  the  chamber,  and  53  for  the  house.  They  were  still  farther  increased  by 
him  before  the  end  of  the  year  to  141,  56  above  stairs,  and  85  below2. 

On  the  20th  of  July,  the  King,  at  Hampton  Court,  knighted  Sir  John 
Gammes,  of  Radnorshire;  and  Sir  William  Cave,  of  Oxfordshire. 

On  the  21st  of  July,  the  following  Peers  were  created,  in  the  Great  Hall  at 
Hampton  Court,  by  the  King's  Majesty  under  his  Estate,  and  the  Queen  present : 

Henry  Wriothesley,  Earle  of  Southampton,  restored,  and  newly  created. 

Thomas  Lord  Howard  of  Walden,  created  Earle  of  Suffolke. 

Charles  Blount,  Lord  Mountjoy,  created  Earle  of  Devonshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Egerton,  Lord  Chancellor,  created  Baron  of  Elesmere. 

1  One  of  the  principal  of  these  Officers  was  Sir  Thomas  Chaloner,  who  appears  to  have  been  Gover- 
nor of  the  Prince ;  a  post  peculiarly  fit  for  him  on  account  of  his  eminent  abilities  and  extensive 
knowledge,  acquired  both  in  his  own  and  foreign  countries.  He  was  son  of  Sir  Thomas  Chaloner, 
who  died  in  1565,  and  had  been  Ambassador  in  France  from  King  Edward  VI.,  and  to  the  Emperor 
Ferdinand  from  Queen  Elizabeth,  and  was  author  of  an  elegant  Latin  poem,  in  ten  books,  De  repub- 
licd  Anglarum  instaurandd,  published  several  years  after  his  death.  The  son  distinguished  himself 
likewise  by  his  poetical  talents  while  he  was  a  student  at  Magdalen  College  in  Oxford,  which  he  left, 
without  having  taken  a  degree,  in  order  to  travel  abroad,  where  he  improved  himself  in  all  the  qua- 
lities of  an  accomplished  Gentleman.  He  had  the  honour  of  knighthood  conferred  upon  him  in 
1591,  and,  on  the  accession  of  King  James  to  the  throne  of  England,  was  appointed  Governor  to  the 
Prince,  and  became  his  Chamberlain  upon  his  Highness's  being  created  Prince  of  Wales.  Besides  his 
skill  in  other  branches  of  learning,  he  was  no  inconsiderable  master  of  natural  knowledge,  very  little 
cultivated  in  our  Country  at  that  time;  and  published  at  London,  in  1584,  in  4to,  a  treatise  on  the 
virtue  of  nitre,  wherein  is  declared  the  sundry  cures  by  the  same  effected ;  and  about  the  end  of 
Queen  Elizabeth's  reign  first  discovered  an  alum-mine  near  Gisburgh  in  Yorkshire,  where  he  had  an 
estate :  but,  it  being  adjudged  to  be  a  mine-royal,  little  benefit  arose  from  it  to  him  or  his  family,  till 
the  Parliament  of  1640  voting  it  a  monopoly,  it  was  restored  to  the  proprietors.  He  survived  the 
Prince  but  three  years,  dying  about  the  17th  of  November  1615,  and  was  interred  in  the  parish 
Church  of  Chiswick  in  Middlesex,  near  the  body  of  his  first  wife,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William 
Fleetwood,  Recorder  of  London ;  by  which  Lady  he  had  issue  William,  created  a  Baronet  soon  after 
his  father's  decease  ;  Thomas ;  James,  &c.  which  two  last  sat  among  the  Judges  of  King  Charles  I. 
His  second  wife  was  Judith,  daughter  of  William  Blount,  of  London ;  and  by  her  he  had  leveral 
children. 

*  Birch's  Life  of  Prince  Henry,  p.  32. 


PEERS    CREATED    BY   THE    KING    AT    HAMPTON    COURT,   16*03.  205 

Sir  William  Russell,  Lord  Russell  of  Thornhaugh. 

Sir  Henry  (irey,  Lord  Grey  of  Groby. 

Sir  John  Petre,  Lord  Petre  of  Writtle. 

Sir  John  Ilarington,  Lord  Harington  of  Exton. 

Sir  Henry  Danvers,  Lord  Danvers  of  Daimtsy. 

Sir  Thomas  Gerard,  Lord  Gerard  of  Gerard's  Bromley,  in  com.  Stafford. 

Sir  Robert  Spencer,  Lord  Spencer  of  Wormleighton. 

On  the  22d,  in  their  road  from  Hampton  Court,  the  King  and  Queen  honoured 
Dr.  Bancroft,  Bishop  of  London,  by  a  Visit  at  his  Episcopal  Palace  in  Fulham ; 
and  thence  proceeded  to  Whitehall,  where  on  the  same  day,  by  a  Special  Com- 
mission, he  constituted  a  Court  of  Claims;  consisting  of  Gilbert  Earl  of  Shrews- 
bury; Henry  Howard,  brother  of  the  late  Duke  of  Norfolk;  Edward  Lord  Zouch; 
John  Lord  Lumley  ;  Sir  John  Popham,  Chief  Justice  of  the  King's  Bench ;  and 
Sir  Edmund  Anderson,  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas  '. 

On  the  2gd  of  July,  not  less  than  300  Gentlemen  reaped  the  fruits  of  his 
Majesty's  laborious  exertions ;  and  were  dubbed  Knights  in  the  Royal  Garden 
at  Whitehall.  Among  these,  were  such  of  the  Judges,  Serjeants  at  Law,  Doc- 
tors of  the  Civil  Law,  and  Gentlemen  Ushers,  as  had  not  before  received  that 
honour.  The  majority  attended  according  to  the  Summons. 

1  This  Special  Commission  was  issued,  here  printed  from  Rymer'i  Foedera,  voL  XVI.  p.  533 : 
"  James,  by  the  Grace  of  God,  &c.  To  all  men,  &c.  greeting.  Whereas  wee,  mynding  to  proceede  to 
the  solemnity  of  our  Coronation  in  such  like  honorable  sorte  as  in  the  Coronation  of  our  Progenitors 
hath  bene  accustomed,  and  as  to  oure  state  and  dignity  Royall  appertayneth ;  have,  both  for  the  more 
adornement  of  the  feast  of  our  said  Coronation,  and  for  the  Nobility  of  blood,  good  sen-ice  and  other 
good  qualities  of  many  our  servaunts  and  other  our  subjects,  resolved  to  call  certayne  of  them  to  the 
Order  of  Knighthood,  we  lette  you  weete,  that,  for  the  special!  t;ust  and  confidence  which  we  have 
reposed  in  our  right,  trustye,  and  well-beloved  Cousins  and  Counsellors,  Edward  Earl  of  Worcester, 
our  Earl  Marshall  of  England ;  Charles  Earle  of  Nottingham,  our  High  Admiral!  of  England ;  Tho- 
mas Earle  of  Suffolke,  our  Chamberlaine  of  our  House ;  and  in  our  trusty  and  well-beloved  John 
Lord  Lumley,  wee  have  appoynted,  and  by  these  presents  doc  appoynte  and  authorize  them,  or  any 
three  of  them,  or  any  two  of  them,  for  us,  and  in  our  name  and  by  our  authoritie,  not  only  to  doe 
and  exercyse  every  thing  and  things  in  our  behalfe  to  be  done  and  exercised  for  the  full  making  of 
Knights  of  the  Bathe,  whome  wee  have  caused  to  be  especially  called  for  that  purpose  j  but  also  to 
make  and  ordayne  such  and  so  many  other  persons  Knights,  within  the  the  tyme  of  twoe  dayes  next 
insuying  the  date  hereof,  as  by  us  shall  be  named,  or  by  them,  or  any  three  or  twoe  of  them,  may  be 
thought  nieete,  so  as  they  exceede  not  in  the  whole  the  nomber  of  three  score;  and  our  further  plea- 
sure is,  that  every  person  to  be  advaunced  or  made  Knight  by  our  said  Commissioners,  or  any  three 
or  twoe  of  them,  shall  have  hould,  and  enjoy  the  said  Order  of  Knighthood,  with  the  name,  dig- 


206  KNIGHTS    MADE    BY    THE    KING    AT    WHITEHALL, 

The  first  name  in  this  day's  list  was,  Sir  John  Bennet1,  of  London. 
Next  in  rotation  came,  Sir  Francis  Gawdy2,  of  Norfolk. 
Sir  Edward  Fennor3,  of  Middlesex.          Sir  Christopher  Yelverton4,  of  Norfolk. 

nitie,  and  all  the  prerogatives  thereunto  belonging,  in  as  large  and  ample  manner  as  any  other 
Knight  or  Knights  of  like  degree,  being  made  in  the  tyme  of  any  of  our  progenitors,  have,  and  of 
right  ought  to  have  had  or  enjoyed.  In  witness  whereof,  &c.  Wytnes  ourselfe,  at  Westminster,  the 
22d  of  July.  Per  ipsum  Regem." 

1  Sir  John  Bennet  (who  was  seated  at  Dawley  in  Middlesex,  and  was  ancestor  of  the  present  Earl  of 
Tankerville,)  was  created  in  1589,  D.  C.  L.  at  Oxford,  having  in  1585  been  one  of  the  Proctors  there. 
He  was  afterwards  Vicar-general  in  spirituals  to  the  Archbishop  of  York  and  Prebendary  of  Lang- 
toft,  in  the  Church  of  York.  In  42  Eliz.  bearing  the  title  of  Doctor  of  Laws,  he  was  in  Commission 
with  the  Lord  Keeper  Egerton,  the  Lord  Treasurer  Buckhurst,  and  several  other  Noblemen,  for  the 
suppression  of  heresy.  He  was  also,  in  the  43d  of  that  reign,  returned  to  Parliament  for  the  City  of 
York ;  and  was  a  leading  Member  of  the  House  of  Commons,  as  appears  from  several  of  his  Speeches 
(as  also  conferences  with  the  Lords)  in  Townshend's  Collections.  He  was  also  one  of  the  learned 
Council  in  the  Northern  Court  at  York,  in  15  and  41  Eliz.  and  1  Jac.  I. ;  and  was  made  Chancellor  to 
Queen  Anne  (consort  of  King  James),  Judge  of  the  Prerogative  Court  at  Canterbury,  and  Chancellor 
to  the  Archbishop  of  York.  In  1617  he  was  sent  Ambassador  to  Brussels,  to  question  the  Archduke 
in  behalf  of  his  Master  the  King  of  Great  Britain,  concerning  a  libel  wrote  and  published,  as  it  was 
supposed,  by  Erycius  Puteanus,  who  neither  apprehended  the  author,  nor  suppressed  the  book,  until 
he  was  solicited  by  the  King's  Agent  there ;  only  interdicted  it,  and  suffered  the  author  to  fly  his 
dominions.  In  1620,  being  entitled  Judge  of  the  Prerogative  Court  of  Canterbury,  he  was  in  a 
Special  Commission  with  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  and  other  Noblemen,  to  put  in  execution  the 
laws  against  all  heresies,  great  errors  in  matters  of  faith  and  religion,  &c.  And  the  same  year,  bear- 
ing the  title  of  Chancellor  to  the  Archbishop  of  York,  he  was  commissioned  with  the  Archbishop  of 
York  and  others,  to  execute  all  manner  of  ecclesiastical  jurisdiction  within  the  Province  of  York. 
He  died  in  1627.  His  son  Sir  John  Bennet  was  knighted  (in  his  father's  life-time)  June  15,  1620. 

*  Sir  Francis  Gawdy,  of  Sybeton  Hall,  Norfolk,  was  appointed  Serjeant  at  Law  in  1577,  and  Queen's 
Serjeant  in  1582  ;  a  Puisne  Judge  of  the  King's  Bench  in  1589 ;  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas 
in  1605;  and  died  in  1606. 

3  Sir  Edward  Fenner  became  a  Serjeant  in  1577,  and  Puisne  Judge  of  the  King's  Bench  in  1592. 

*  Sir  Christopher  Yelverton,  of  Rougham,  Norfolk,  ancestor  of  the  Earls  of  Sussex  and  the  pre- 
sent Baroness  Grey  of  Ruthyn,  was  an  eminent  Counsellor;  Lent  Reader  at  Gray's  Inn  in  1574  and 
1583;  Treasurer  of  that  Society  in  1579  and  1585;  Serjeant  at  Law  and  Queen's  Serjeant  in  1589. 
Having  been  M.  P.  for  Brackley,  Northamptonshire,  from  1563,  and  for  that  County  in  two  Parlia- 
ments, whereby  his  great  learning  and  sufficiency  were  more  conspicuous,  he  was  chosen  Speaker  of 
the  House  of  Commons  in  1597.     In  16O2  he  became  a  Puisne  Judge  of  the  King's  Bench,  and  had 
his  patent  renewed  as  King's  Serjeant,  April  29,  1603.     He  died  at  his  mansion  at  Easton  Mauduit, 
Northamptonshire,  in  1607.    His  half-brother  Charles,  and  second  son  Christopher,  seem  to  have  been 
knighted  the  same  day.    His  eldest  son  Henry,  successively  the  King's  Solicitor  and  Attorney  General, 


KNIGHTS    MADE    BY    THE    KING    AT    WHITEHALL,    l60$.  207 

Sir  Thomas  Wahnysley  l,  Lancashire.  Sir  David  Williams7. 

Sir  Peter  Warberton3,  of  Cheshire.  Sir  John  Hele8,  of  Devonshire. 

Sir  George  Kingsmill3,  of  Hampshire.  Sir  Edward  Herne9,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  Robert  Clarke4,  of  Essex.  Sir  Edward  Philips10,  of  Somersetshire. 

Sir  John  Savill  5,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Henry  Hobart",  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  William  Daniel 6,  of  London.  Sir  Christopher  Parkins,  D.  C.  L.  Kent. 

will  be  noticed  when  knighted  in  1613,  and  Sir  Christopher,  the  son  of  the  latter,  and  afterwards  a 
Baronet,  when  knighted  in  1623. 

1  Sir  Thomas  Wahnysley,  of  Dunkenhalgh,  Lancashire,  had  been  made  a  Serjeant  at  Law  in  1580; 
and  a  Puisne  Judge  of  the  Common  Pleas  in  15S9. 

1  Sir  Peter  Warburton  had  been  appointed  a  Serjeant  at  Law  in  1594  ;  and  a  Puisne  Judge  of  the 
Common  Pleas  in  1601 .  He  was  of  Arley,  Cheshire,  grandfather  of  Sir  George,  first  Baronet  of  that 
place ;  had  been  elected  M.  P.  for  Chester  in  1586,  1589,  and  1597  ;  and  Sheriff  of  the  County  in  1583. 

»  Sir  George  Kingsmill  had  been  appointed  a  Serjeant  at  Law  and  Queen's  Serjeant  in  1594 ; 
and  Puisne  Judge  of  the  Common  Pleas  in  1599. 

4  Sir  Robert  Clarke,  of  Fleshy  in  Essex,  had  been  constituted  a  Serjeant  at  Law  in  1583;  a  Baron 
of  the  Exchequer  in  16O3 ;  and  died  Jan.  4,  1607-8.  His  son  Robert  was  knighted,  and  died  in  1629. 

1  Sir  John  Savil,  of  Methley,  Yorkshire,  was  made  a  Serjeant  at  Law  in  1594;  Baron  of  the  Ex- 
chequer in  1598;  and  published  "  Cases  in  his  own  Court,  and  those  in  the  Common  Pleas,  in  the 
Reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth."  He  was  father  of  Sir  Henry,  knighted  this  same  day,  and  who  was 
created  a  Baronet,  and  is  noticed  hereafter. 

6  Sir  William  Daniel  had  been  appointed  a  King'*  Serjeant  in  1594;  and  a  Puisne  Justice  ol  the 
Common  Pleas  in  February  1602-3. 

'  Sir  David  Williams  had  been  elected  Serjeant  at  Law  in  1594 ;  and  a  Puisne  Justice  of  the  King's 
Bench  in  February  1602-3. 

•  Sir  John  Hele,  ancestor  of  the  Heles  of  Wimbury,  Devonshire,  was  Lent  Reader  of  the  Inner 
Temple  in  1591  ;  Recorder  of  Exeter  1593  ;  and  Queen's  Serjeant  1602.  He  died  in  1608,  aged  66. 
See  Prince's  Worthies  of  Devon.  He  was  father  of  Sir  Warwick,  noticed  in  page  157;  and  brother 
of  Thomas,  created  a  Baronet  in  1627. 

'  Sir  Edward  Heron  became  a  Serjeant  at  Law  in  1594,  and  Baron  of  the  Exchequer  in  1607. 

'•  Sir  Edward  Philips,  of  Montacute,  co.  Somerset,  had  been  made  a  Serjeant  at  Law  on  the  17th, 
and  King's  Serjeant  on  the  24th  of  May  (see  p.  157).  He  was  M.  P.  for  Somersetshire  ;  and,  having 
icrved  in  several  Parliaments,  was,  in  1603,  also  chosen  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Commons.  He  was 
constituted,  in  1608,  Master  of  the  Rolls  ;  was  lather  of  Sir  Robert,  and  brother  of  Sir  Thomas  the 
Baronet,  both  knighted  this  day,  and  noticed  hereafter. 

"  Sir  Henry  Hobart,  of  Intwood,  Norfolk,  had  been  a  Governor  of  Lincoln's  Inn  in  1597,  and  the 
same  year  elected  M.  P.  for  Yarmouth.  He  was  Lent  Reader  at  Lincoln's  Inn  in  1601  ;  appointed  a 
Serjeant  at  Law  in  1603  ;  Attorney  of  the  Court  of  Wards  16O7  ;  Attorney  General  in  the  same  year  ; 
created  a  Baronet  with  the  first,  May  22,  1611 ;  and  constituted  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas 
in  that  year.  He  died  in  1625,  "  a  great  loss,"  says  Sir  Henry  Spelman,  "  to  the  weal  publick  ;"  and 
has  a  handsome  monument  in  Christ  Church,  Norwich.  After  his  death  were  published,  "  The  Reports 
of  that  reverend  and  learned  Judge,  the  Right  Honourable  Sir  Henry  Hobart,  Knight  and  Baronet, 


208  KNIGHTS    MADE    BV   THE    KING    AT    WHITEHALL,  16*03. 

Sir  Daniel  Dunne,  D.  C.  L.  of  London.  Sir  Thomas  Harris3,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Thomas  Crompton,  D.C.L.  London.  Sir  Thomas  Flemyng4,  of  Hampshire. 

Sir  Matthew  Carew,  D.C.L. of  London.  SirHenryMontagu5, Northamptonshire* 

Sir  George  Carew1,  of  London.  Sir  Francis  Bacon6,  of  Hertfordshire. 

Sir  John  Tyndall,  D.  C.  L.  of  Norfolk.  Sir  George  Coppin,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  John  Gybson,  D.  C.  L.  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Richard  Connisby  7,  of  London. 

Sir  EdwardStanhop2,  D.C.L. of  Yorksh.  Sir  John  Drummond  8,  of  Scotland. 

Sir  Richard  Swale,  D.C.L.  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  John  [Thomas]  Conway,  of  London. 

Lord  Chief  Justice  of  his  Majesty's  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  and  Chancellor  to  both  their  High- 
nesses Henry  and  Charles  Princes  of  Wales."  Sir  Thomas  (see  p.  120)  was  his  nephew ;  and  John, 
knighted  this  same  day,  and  noticed  hereafter,  his  son. 

1  This  military  hero,  who  had  distinguished  himself  in  1595  at  the  Siege  of  Cadiz,  was  a  Favourite 
of  Queen  Elizabeth,  who  appointed  him  President  of  Munster  and  Master  of  the  Ordnance  in  Ireland. 
In  1603  he  was  made  Governor  of  Guernsey ;  in  1605  created  Baron  Carew  of  Clopton,  co.  Warwick ; 
and  in  1625  Earl  of  Totness.  He  died  s.  p.  March  27, 1629,  aged  73. 

•  Sir  Edward  Stanhope  was  Sheriff  of  Yorkshire  iu  1615. 

1  Sir  Thomas  Harris  had  been  made  a  Serjeant  at  Law  in  1589. 

4  Sir  Thomas  Fleinyng  became  a  Serjeant  in  1594,  and  Solicitor  General  in  1595. 

1  This  eminent  Lawyer,  grandson  of  the  Lord  Chief  Justice  Montagu,  had  been  chosen  M.  P.  for 
Higham  Ferrers  in  1601.  In  1603  he  was  elected  Recorder  of  London,  and  one  of  the  Members  for  that 
City ;  he  was,  as  his  brother  Sir  Edward  (noticed  in  p.  225),  very  active  in  the  House  of  Commons.  He 
became  Autumn  Reader  of  the  Middle  Temple  in  1607 ;  Serjeant  at  Law  and  King's  Serjeant  in  1610; 
Lord  Chief  Justice  of  the  King's  Bench  in  1616 ;  Lord  High  Treasurer  of  England,  Baron  Mon- 
tague, and  Viscount  Mandeville  1620;  Lord  President  of  the  Council  1621;  Earl  of  Manchester 
1625 ;  and  Lord  Keeper  1627-  He  died  in  1642,  at  a  lucky  time,  when  neither  religion,  loyalty,  law, 
nor  wisdom,  could  have  provided  for  any  man's  security.  The  present  Duke  of  Manchester  is  his 
immediate  descendant. 

6  This  great  man,  son  of  the  Lord  Keeper  Sir  Nicholas  Bacon,  nephew  of  Lord  Burleigh,  and  cou- 
sin to  Sir  Robert  Cecil,  was  born  in  1560- 1 ,  and  shewed  early  signs  of  great  genius.  He  was  appointed 
Reader  at  Gray's  Inn,  and  Queen's  Counsel  in  1588;  Solicitor  General  in  1607;  Judge  of  the  Mar- 
shal's Court  in  1611 ;  Attorney  General  1613;  a  Privy  Councillor  soon  after;  Lord  Keeper  1616-17; 
Lord  Chancellor  in  1618;  Baron  of  Verulam  1619;  and  Viscount  St.  Alban's  1620.     In  1621,  being 
convicted  of  corruption,  he  was  sentenced,  by  the  House  of  Peers,  to  be  fined  a£.40,000,  imprisoned 
in  the  Tower  during  the  King's  pleasure,  and  to  be  for  ever  incapable  of  holding  any  office  in  the 
State,  never  to  sit  in  Parliament,  or  come  within  the  verge  of  the  Court.    After  a  short  confinement,  he 
was  discharged,  and  somewhat  regained  the  King's  favour ;  he  died  in  1626.     For  a  full  account  of 
his  life,  character,  and  writings,  the  Reader  may  be  safely  referred  to  Chalmers's  Biographical  Dic- 
tionary, or  the  Life  of  Sir  Francis,  by  Mallet. 

7  Sir  Richard  Conisby  was  a  Gentleman  Usher. 

8  Sir  John  Drummond,  Baron  of  Hawthornden,  Gentleman  Usher  to  the  King,  died  in  1610,  aged 
57,  and  was  father  of  William,  the  Poet,  who  will  be  noticed  in  the  King's  Visit  to  Scotland  in  1617. 


KNIGHTS  DUBBED  AT  WHITEHALL  JULY  23,  160$.  '209 

Sir  John  Willoughby,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Francis  Vincent9,  of  Surrey. 

Sir  John  Tyrrell ',  of  Essex.  Sir  John  Cotton  lo,  of  Cambridgeshire. 

Sir  Philip  Scudamore,  of  Herefordshire.  Sir  Robert  Lane,  of  Warwickshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Dabridgecourt8,  of  Hants.  Sir  Robert  Edwards,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Rafe  Boswell3,  of  Kent.  Sir  Nicholas  Gilborn  »,  of  Kent. 

Sir  William  Roper4,  of  Kent.  Sir  Samuel  Sandes12,  Worcestershire. 

Sir  Anthony  Roper5,  of  Kent.  Sir  Thomas  Mildmay,  of  Herefordshire. 

Sir  Christopher  Roper6,  of  Kent.  Sir  Thomas  Hanmer  [Harnond],Chesh. 

Sir  Thomas  Bridges,  of  Gloucestersh.  Sir  John  Whitton. 

Sir  Thomas  Smith  7,  of  Cheshire.  Sir  Alexander  Cave  l3,  of  Leicestershire. 

Sir  John  Gilbert8,  of  Suffolk.  Sir  Samuel  [Thomas]  Saltonstall,  Lond. 

I  Of  Springfield  Hall,  Essex.     He  died,  at  an  advanced  age,  in  1075. — One  of  his  descendants  was 
created  a  Baronet. 

'  Sir  Thomas  Dabridgecourt  had  been  Sheriff  of  Hampshire  in  1583. 

'  Sir  Ralph  Boswell,  of  Brabourne,  was  son  of  Sir  Ralph,  Clerk  of  the  Court  of  Wards. 

4  Sir  William  Roper,  of  Elthain  and  St.  Dunstan's,  Kent,  was  eldest  son  of  Thomas  Roper, 
Esq.  Clerk  of  the  King's  Bench.  He  was  the  uncle  of  Sir  John  Roper  (afterwards  first  Lord  Teyn- 
ham)  who  had  been  knighted  July  9  ;  see  p.  201.  He  married  Margaret,  daughter  and  coheir  of  Sir 
Anthony  Brown,  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas. 

•  Sir  Anthony  Roper  was  the  younger  brother  of  Sir  William. 

*  Sir  Christopher  Roper  was  son  and  heir  of  John  Lord  Teynham,  whom  he  succeeded  in  title  and 
estate ;  and  died  April  20,  1623,  aged  Go. 

7  Sir  Thomas  Smith,  of  Chester,  was  Mayor  of  that  City  in  1G22;  Sheriff  of  Cheshire  in  1623; 
and  had  22  children  ;  his  son  Thomas  was  advanced  to  a  Baronetcy  in  1660,  which  became  extinct 
with  his  nephew. 

*  Sir  John  Gilbert  and  the  fifteen  following  were  Gentlemen  Ushers. 

•  Sir  Francis  Vincent,  of  Stoke  D'Abernon,  was  eldest  son  of  Sir  Thomas,  whom  Queen  Elizabeth 
visited  at  that  place  in  1601.     He  was  created  a  Baronet  in  1620  j  and  was  M.  P.  for  Surrey  in  1625. 

10  Sir  John  Cotton,  of  Cunnington,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Cambridgeshire  and  Huntingdonshire  in  1591. 

II  Sir  Nicholas  Gilborn,  of  Charing,  was  Sheriff  of  Kent  in  1610. 

11  Sir  Samuel  Sandys  was  son  and  heir  of  Edwin  Sandys,  Archbishop  of  York,  who  died  in  1588, 
and  from  whom  he  inherited  the  manor  of  Ombersley  in  Worcestershire.     He  was  Sheriff  of  Worces- 
tershire in  1618 ;  and  brother  of  Edwin  and  Miles,  noticed  in  pp.  115,  116.     Samuel  Sandys,  his  im- 
mediate descendant,  was  created  Baron  Sandys  of  Ombersley,  Dec.  20,  1743  ;  and  died,  at  an  advanced 
age,  in  1770.     His  son  Edwin,  the  second  Lord  Sandys,  was  an  accomplished  scholar;  and  dying  in 
1797  without  male  issue,  the  title  became  extinct.     His  niece,  Mary,  daughter  of  Colonel  Martin 
Sandys,  became  his  heir.     This  Lady  married,  in  1786,  Arthur  Hill,  Marquis  of  Downshire;  and  in 
18O2  was  created  Baroness  Sandys,  with  remainder  to  her  second  son  by  the  said  Marquis. 

"  Sir  Alexander  Cave,  of  Bagrave,  Leicestershire,  was  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1620. 
VOL.  I.  2  E 


210  KNIGHTS    DUBBED   AT   WHITEHALL  JULY    23, 

Sir  Robert  Varnam,  of  Cheshire.  Sir  Thomas  Clarke,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Thomas  Penruddock,  of  Wiltshire.  Sir  John  Wood  5,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Edward  Cooke1,  of  Essex.  Sir  Lewes  Mansfield,  of  Glamorgansh. 

Sir  Thomas  Humfrey.  Sir  Richard  Hawkyns,  of  Kent. 

Sir  John  Tracy  3,  of  Gloucestershire.  Sir  John  Rogers. 

Sir  Rafe  Lawson,  of  Kent.  Sir  Robert  Alexander6,  of  Herts. 

Sir  William  Meredith.  Sir  John  Brown  7,  of  Dorsetshire. 

Sir  George  Selby3,  of  Northumberland.  Sir  Richard  Skipwith8,  Leicestershire. 

Sir  Thomas  Windebanck  4,  of  Berksh.  Sir  Thomas  Barnardiston,  of  Essex. 

1  Sir  Edward  Cooke,  of  Gidea  Hall,  Essex,  was  son  and  heir  to  Sir  Anthony  Cooke.  See  the  "  Pro- 
gresses of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  1.  p.  253. 

•  Sir  John  Tracy,  of  a  family  that  took  its  name  from  Traci  in  Normandy,  came  to  England  with 
the  Conqueror,  and  was  of  Todington  in  Gloucestershire,  was  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1609  ;  and 
was  created  an  Irish  Peer  by  the  title  of  Viscount  Tracy  in  1642 ;  the  title  became  extinct  in  1797. 

1  Sir  George  Selby  is  said,  in  Brand's  Newcastle,  to  have  entertained  the  King  at  that  place,  see  p. 
70,  and  to  have  been  "  probably  knighted  on  that  occasion."  As  he  was  not  then  knighted,  it  may  be 
presumed  he  did  not  entertain  his  Majesty.  Sir  George  was  Sheriff  of  Northumberland  in  1607. 

4  Sir  Thomas  Windebanck  and  the  two  following  were  Clerks  of  the  Signet. 

*  Sir  John  Wood,  of  Stapleford  Abbots,  died  Sept.  1610.     Morant,  vol.  I.  p.  177. 

6  Of  the  Alexander's,  see  the  extract  from  Lady  Anne  Clifford's  Diary,  p.  1 89. 

7  Sir  John  Brown,  of  Frampton,  was  Sheriff  of  Dorsetshire  in  1588;  was  Rear  or  Vice-Admiral ; 
and  died  in  the  expedition  to  the  Isle  of  Rhea. 

8  Sir  Richard  Skipwith,  of  Ormsby,  Lincolnshire,  "  was  chief  of  that  ancient  family  denominated 
of  the  town  of  Skipwith  in  Yorkshire,  the  old  lands  of  Hugo,  son  of  Baldrick,  a  great  Baron  in  his 
time,  whose  daughter  and  heir  Eneburga  was  the  wife  of  Robert  de  Estoteville,  Baron  of  Cottingham 
and  Gnarsburge,  and  Vicecomes  Eboraci  by  inheritance,  whose  predecessors  came  in  Barons  with  the 
Conqueror,  and  were  the  greatest  Lords  in  Yorkshire.     Patrick,  second  son  of  this  Robert  de  Estote- 
ville, had,  by  his  mother  Eneburga,  given  him  the  town  of  Skipwithe,  and  was  therefore  named  Patri- 
cius  de  Skipwith  in  the  time  of  King  Henry  the  First,  since  which  time,  in  lineal  descent,  they  have 
continued  the  name  of  Skipwith  in  an  equestrious  succession,  two  of  them  having  been  knights- 
bannerets,  and  matched  with  heirs  of  very  remarkable  families  and  great  possessions,  both  in  York- 
shire, their  first  seat,  and  by  marriage  with  the  heir  of  Skipwith  in  the  County  of  York.     They  have 
been  linked,  and  are  nearly  allied  to  many  honourable  houses,  as  the  Earl  of  Howard,  Earl  of  Bath, 
Earl  of  Lindsey,  and  others."     The  family  seated  at  Cotes,  Leicestershire  (see  p.  88),  was  of  the  same 
source.     Sir  Richard  Skipwith  was  son  of  Sir  William,  who  had  been  four  times  High  Sheriff  of 
Lincolnshire,  and  Representative  for  that  County  in  Parliament,  6  Edward  VI.     He  died  in  1587,  and 
was  buried  at  Ormsby.    The  preceding  brief  history  of  this  family  is  taken  from  a  monument,  now 
much  decayed,  in  Lambeth  Church,  which  was  there  placed  to  the  memory  of  Henry  Skipwith,  Esq. 
third  son  of  Sir  Richard  :  "  This  Henry,"  as  the  inscription  informs  us,  "  was  bred  in  the  Nether- 
lands, under  that  famous  Generall  the  ould  Lord  Willoughby,  and  afterwards  went  Listen  into  Irland, 
at  the  siege  of  Blacwater,  where  he  did  divers  good  services  upon  the  eneiuie,  and  at  the  siege  of 


KNIGHTS  DUBBED  AT  WHITEHALL  JULY  23,  lG03.  211 

Sir  William  Gerard  l,  of  Bucks.  Sir  John  Meres5,  of  Kent  [Lincoln- 
Sir  Thomas  Palmer8,  of  Kent.  shire]. 

Sir  Richard  Aston3,  of  Cheshire.  Sir  Charles  Dimmock,  of  Lincolnshire. 
Sir  William  Thorny,  of  Nottinghamsh.  Sir  Valentyne  Brown6,  of  Lincolnsli. 

Sir  Francis  Boylden,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  John  Read,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  Edward  Dunton.  Sir  John  Lee,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  William  Harman,  of  Cheshire.  Sir  Edward  Pitt7,  of  Worcestershire. 

Sir  Henry  Longfield4,  of  Bucks.  Sir  Thomas  Rowe8,  of  London. 

Kinsaile,  where  he  slew  a  Spanish  commander  hand  to  hand.  He  was  Lieutenant-colonel  to  the  late 
Erie  of  Totness,  and  at  a  salie  by  the  Spaniards  out  of  a  fort,  for  which  singular  deed,  his  General!, 
the  then  Lord  Montjoy,  and  his  Colonel,  the  then  Lord  Carew,  much  graced  him  after  that  memorable 
siege;  for  his  signal  merit  it  pleased  Queene  Elizabeth  to  give  him  the  prime  honor  to  build  hir  the 
fort  of  Castle-Purque,  which  commanded  Kinsaile,  where  before  he  had  won  honor,  she  gave  him  the 
Constableship  of  that  fort,  and  ward  therein,  which  was  confirmed  by  King  James,  who  bestowed  a 
pension  on  him,  having  sundry  times  modestly  refused  the  Order  of  Knighthood.  He  was,  for  his 
wisdom,  made  one  of  the  Councell  of  State  for  the  Province  of  Munster,  being  one  of  the  nuldest 
Captaines  in  his  time,  who,  continuing  a  pensioner  to  our  most  excellent  King  Charles,  departed  this 
life  March  7,  anno  Domini  1650."  History  of  Leicestershire,  vol.  111.  p.  370. 

1  Sir  William  Gerard  was  of  Aston  Clinton,  Buckinghamshire,  which  is  now  the  property  of 
Viscount  Lake,  whose  father  General  Gerard  Lake,  for  his  great  services  as  Commander-in-chief  in 
the  East  Indies,  was  created  Lord  Lake  of  Delhi  in  I8O4,  and  Viscount  Lake  in  1807. 

*  One  Sir  Thomas  Palmer,  of  Kent,  has  been  noticed  in  p.  116. 

1  The  Astons,  of  Aston,  Cheshire,  were  a  family  seated  there  in  the  time  of  Edward  the  Confessor. 
Sir  Thomas  and  Sir  Roger  Aston,  of  Cheshire,  were  both  knighted  at  Grafton,  on  the  18th  of  April 
(see  p.  53.) — Sir  Thomas  was  made  a  Baronet  in  1628  j  of  Sir  Roger,  see  hereafter. — The  Astons 
were  also  of  great  antiquity  at  Tixall  in  Staffordshire. 

«  Sir  Henry  Longuevile  was  son  of  Sir  Henry,  knighted  at  Sir  John  Fortescue's  (see  p.  192),  or 
rice  versa.  Edward,  a  grandson,  was  created  a  Nova  Scotia  Baronet  in  1638. 

5  Sir  John  Meres,  of  Kirton,  was  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1596. 

6  Sir  Valentine  Brown,  of  Croft,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1593. 

7  Sir  Edward  Pitts,  of  Churwiard,  was  Sheriff  of  Worcestershire  in  1611. 

*  Sir  Thomas  Rowe  (or,  as  his  name  was  frequently  written,  Roe)  was  born  at  Leyton,  about  the 
year  158O,  being  son  of  Robert  Rowe,  Esquire  of  the  Body  to  Queen  Elizabeth.     In  16O4  he  was 
knighted,  and  went  on  a  voyage  of  discovery  to  the  West  Indies.    In  1614  he  was  appointed  Ambas- 
sador to  the  Great  Mogul,  from  whose  Court  he  removed  to  that  of  the  Grand  Signer,  where  he  pro- 
cured very  essential  advantages  for  his  countrymen.     He  was  afterwards  employed  in  various  nego- 
ciations  to  Poland,  Denmark,  and  Germany.     On  his  return  he  was  made  Chancellor  of  the  Garter, 
and  a  Member  of  the  Privy  Council.     In  1G20  he  represented  the  Borough  of  Cirencester  in  Parlia- 
ment ;  and  in  164O,  the  University  of  Oxford.     His  works,  published  in  his  life-time,;were,  a  Relation 
of  what  happened  at  Constantinople  on  the  death  of  the  Sultan  Osman ;  Letters  from  the  Court  of 


212  KNIGHTS    DUBBED    AT    WHITEHALL    JULY    23, 

Sir  Henry  Savile  l,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  John  Bedell  5,  of  Huntingdonsh. 

Sir  Walter  Treadway,  of  Northampton.  Sir  Thomas  Bedell,  of  Huntingdon- 
Sir  George  Knighton,  of  Nottinghamsh.  shire. 

Sir  Edward  Peinter.  Sir  Henry  Day. 

Sir  Henry  Jones.  Sir  Henry  Rowley,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Anthony  Everard2,  of  Essex.  Sir  Francis  Smyth. 

Sir  Stephen  Bood  3,  of  Sussex.  Sir  Henry  Drury,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  Thomas  May4,  of  Sussex.  Sir  George  Chowne,  of  Kent. 

the  Great  Mogul ;  some  small  tracts ;  and  several  of  his  speeches  in  Parliament.  His  negociations  at 
the  Ottoman  Porte  were  published  in  1740.  Sir  Thomas  Rowe  brought  over  to  this  countiy  the 
celebrated  Alexandrian  MS.  of  the  Greek  Testament,  a  fac-simile  of  which  has  been  published  by 
Dr.  Woide  and  the  Rev.  H.  H.  Baber.  He  left,  by  will  «£.80  towards  an  additional  aile  to  the 
Church  at  Woodford,  whenever  the  parishioners  should  demand  it,  after  a  good  peace  should  be  set- 
tled in  Church  and  State.  Among  the  debts  due  to  him  was  the  sum  of  e£.6,720  from  the  King, 
sg.3,500  of  which  was  for  two  pendant  diamonds,  sold  to  his  Majesty  in  1630.  He  purchased  the 
manor  of  Woodford  in  Essex  in  1640;  and,  dying  Nov.  8,  1644,  was  buried  in  the  chancel  of  that 
Church.  Dr.  Gerard  Langbaine  wrote  an  epitaph  for  Sir  Thomas  Rowe,  but  it  was  never  inscribed 
on  his  tomb ;  nor  is  there  any  memorial  for  him  at  Woodford.  Eleanor  his  widow  was  buried 
Dec.  6,  1675. — Of  his  grandfather  Sir  Thomas  Rowe,  Lord  Mayor  of  London  in  1568;  and  of  his 
uncle  Sir  Henry  Rowe,  Lord  Mayor  in  1607;  see  hereafter,  under  the  year  1607. 

1  Sir  Henry  Savile,  of  Methley ;  son  of  Sir  John,  Baron  of  the  Exchequer,  noticed  in  p.  192; 
was  created  a  Baronet  June  29,  1611.  He  was  Vice.-President  of  the  Council  in  the  North  parts  ; 
Deputy  Lieutenant  and  M.  P.  for  Yorkshire ;  and  a  Colonel  of  the  Militia.  He  died  in  1632,  aged 
53,  without  surviving  children. 

1  Son  of  Richard  Everard,  Esq.  of  Great  Waltham.   He  was  twice  married ;  but  died  vM  patris,  1614. 

3  Sir  Stephen  Bood  was  Sheriff  of  Surrey  and  Sussex  in  1628. 

4  Nearly  related  to  Thomas  May,  Esq.  who  in  1597  purchased  Mayfield  Place  in  Sussex  (formerly  an 
Archiepiscopal  Palace,  and  afterwards  the  seat  of  the  Greshams)  of  Henry  Nevil,  of  Billingbere, 
Berks.     This  Gentleman  died  in  1616.     He  was  father  to  Thomas  May,  Esq.  the  celebrated  Poet  and 
Historian  ;  by  whom  Mayfield  was  aliened  from  the  family  in  1617 ;  his  mother  Joan  May,  and  cou- 
sin Richard  May,  of  Islington,  Gent,  joining  with  him  in  the  conveyance  to  John  Baker,  Esq.  whose 
descendants  have  ever  since  enjoyed  it.     Fuller,  speaking  of  the  Poet,  says,  "  he  was  of  a  worshipful 
but  decayed  family."     See  their  Pedigree  in  the  History  of  Leicestershire,  vol.  IV.  p.  548.     Richard 
May,  Esq.  Citizen  and  Merchant-tailor,  was  a  younger  brother  of  Sir  Thomas  May,  and  had  six  sons 
and  three  daughters;  one  of  his  daughters  was  married  to  Sir  Baptist  Hickes;  another  to  Sir  Thomas 
Bennet,  Lord  Mayor  of  London  in  1 603 ;  and  a  third  to  Sir  William  Herrick.     Hugh  May,  one  of 
the  sons,  was  Gentleman  Usher  to  King  James  I. ;  Humphrey,  another  son,  was  knighted  in  January 
1612-3,  under  which  year  a  further  account  of  him  will  be  given. 

4  Sir  John  Bedell,  of  Hamarton,  was  at  this  time  Sheriff  of  Cambridgeshire  and  Huntingdon- 
hire,  and  attended  on  his  Majesty  in  his  journey  to  London,  see  p,  104. 


KNIGHTS    DUBBED   AT   WHITEHALL   JULY    23,  l603- 


213 


Sir  Arthur  Acland1,  of  Devonshire. 
Sir  Thomas  Reynell2,  of  Devonshire. 
Sir  George  Reynell  2,  of  Devonshire. 
Sir  William  Barnes,  of  Kent. 
Sir  Walter  Rice,  of  Lincolnshire. 
Sir  Robert  Monson3,  of  Lincolnshire. 
Sir  Henry  Ayschue,  [of  Lincolnshire]. 
Sir  Charles  Hussey4,  of  Lincolnshire. 
Sir  James  Pitts,  of  Worcestershire. 
Sir  Thomas  Heneage,  of  Lincolnshire. 
Sir  Edward  Thorold,  of  Lincolnshire. 
Sir  Walter  Lavvson,  of  Westmoreland. 


Sir  Edmond  Montford,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  John  Montford. 

Sir  William  Rigden,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  John  Thornborowe,  of  Lincolnsh. 

Sir  Francis  Sowthe,  [of  Wiltshire.] 

Sir  William  Somervile,  of  Somersetsh. 

Sir'Nicholas  Cotes. 

Sir  Ambrose  Copinger5,  of  Middlesex. 

Sir  Henry  Blomer,  of  Gloucestershire. 

Sir  Edmond  Thimblethorp,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  Nicholas  Lusher,  of  Surrey. 

Sir  Robert  Philipps6,  of  Somersetshire. 


1  Sir  Arthur  Acland,  of  Acland  and  Columb-Jnhn,  was  the  great-nephew,  and  ultimately  the  heir  of 
Sir  John  Acland  (who  was  knighted  at  the  Tower  March  15,  16O3-4.  Sir  Arthur  married  Elizabeth, 
daughter  and  heir  of  Robert  Malet,  the  representative  of  a  noble  and  antient  Devonshire  family. 
His  son  Sir  John  Acland,  for  his  great  services  to  King  Charles,  was  created  a  Baronet  February  12, 
1644-5. 

»  Sir  Thomas  Reynell,  of  East  Ogwell,  Devonshire,  eldest  son  of  Sir  Richard  Reynell,  built  West 
Ogwell-house,  "  a  very  fair  and  genteel  structure."  He  is  enrolled  by  Prince  in  his  "  Worthies,"  as 
is  his  Father,  who  is  very  highly  eulogized ;  and  died  July  29,  1585,  aged  66;  leaving  an  illustrious 
issue;  namely,  1.  Sir  Thomas,  noticed  above;  2.  John,  of  Weston  Peverel,  who  died  s.  p.;  3.  Sir 
Richard,  of  Ford,  fully  noticed  by  Prince,  pp.  694,  695 ;  4.  Sir  George  Reynell,  noticed  above,  was  bred 
a  soldier,  and  distinguished  himself  by  his  valour  and  conduct  in  the  Irish  wars;  on  his  return  he 
was  made  Marshal  of  the  King's  Bench ;  5.  Sir  Carew  Reynell,  Cup-bearer  unto  Queen  Elizabeth,  and 
knighted  in  the  Irish  wars,  July  1599,  by  his  Excellency  the  Earl  of  Essex,  Lord  General  and  Governor 
of  that  Kingdom,  bir  Carew  had  given  him,  by  the  Lord  General,  the  keeping  and  command  of 
the  Castle  of  Duncanon,  and  the  fort  which  stands  upon  the  entrance  of  the  river  that  comes  up  to 
Waterford,  After  this,  coming  into  England,  he  was  made  Gentleman  Pensioner  to  Queen  Eliza- 
beth and  King  James  I.,  and  was  well  esteemed  by  them.  •  He  died  at  his  house  near  Charing  Cross, 
Sept.  1C'24,  and  lieth  buried  in  the  parish  of  St.  Martin  in  the  Fields. 

1  Sir  Robert,  a  son  of  the  famous  Admiral  Sir  John  Monson,  was  of  Carlton,  Lincolnshire ;  was 
Member  for  that  County  in  two  Parliaments,  temp.  R.  Eliz. ;  and  died  in  1635.  Of  this  noble  family, 
see  Brydges's  Peerage,  vol.  VII.  pp.  '22S,  244. 

4  Sir  Charles  Hussey,  of  Sleaford,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Lincolnshire  in  1591. 

5  Of  Harlington,  Middlesex;  of  whom,  and  of  his  family,  see  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Eliza- 
beth," vol.  III.  p.  5/8. 

*  Sir  Robert  Philips,  son  of  the  King's  Serjeant,  (see  p.  207)  was  M.  P.  for  Somersetshire  in  1623, 
1625,  and  1627}  and  Sheriff  in  1625. 


214 


KNIGHTS    DUBBED    AT   WHITEHALL   JULY    2$, 


Sir  Robert  Hyde,  of  Cambridgeshire. 

Sir  John  Philpot,  of  Hampshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Nevill,  of  Berkshire. 

Sir  Robert  Chichester,  of  Devonshire. 

Sir  Christopher  Hart,  of  Kent. 

Sir  John  Newdigate,  of  Bedfordshire. 

Sir  Edward  George ',  of  Somersetshire. 

Sir  Martyn  Barnham,  of  Kent. 

Sir  William  Dorrington,  of  Dorsetsh. 

Sir  Edward  Giles2,  of  Devonshire. 

Sir  Richard  Elderton. 

Sir  Anthony  Culpepper,  of  Sussex. 

Sir  Richard  Cooper,  of  Surrey. 

Sir  John  Granger,  of  Middlesex. 

Sir  William  Reade,  of  Middlesex. 

Sir  Henry  Raynsford  of  Surrey. 

Sir  John  Chamberlain,  of  Oxfordsh. 

Sir  Richard  Lechford,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Thomas  Harfleet,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Thomas  Dutton,  of  Cheshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Roberts 3,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Francis  Dowse,  of  Somersetshire. 

Sir  Henry  Williams. 

Sir  Thomas  Darrell,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  Henry  Bowyer,  of  London. 


Sir  Thomas  Ducket,  of  Berkshire. 
Sir  Robert  Ashby,  of  Essex. 
Sir  Thomas  Culpepper,  of  Sussex. 
Sir  Edward  A  very,  of  Gloucestershire. 
Sir  George  Sommers,  of  Dorsetshire. 
Sir  Richard  Potman,  of  Kent. 
Sir  Thomas  Hunt,  of  Norfolk. 
Sir  John  Morley,  of  London. 
Sir  John  Wildgose4,  of  Kent. 
Sir  George  Peter,  of  Essex. 
Sir  Thomas  Philipps  5,  of  Somersetsh. 
Sir  Simon  Steward  6,  of  Cambridgesh. 
Sir  Nicholas  Gascoyne,  of  Surrey. 
Sir   Barnard   Whetstone,   of  Lincoln- 
shire. 

Sir  Thomas  Clark,  of  Essex. 
Sir  George  Waldgrave,  of  Suffolk. 
Sir  William  Barrow,  of  Suffolk. 
Sir  John  Wentworth?,  of  Suffolk. 
Sir  Richard  Smith,  of  Kent. 
Sir  William  Slyngsby,  of  Yorkshire. 
Sir  Arnold  Lygon  8,  of  Worcestershire. 
Sir  Edward  Allamy. 
Sir  George  Young,  of  Somersetshire. 
Sir  John  Skynner,  of  Essex. 


1  Sir  Edward  George,  of  Wraxal,  was  Sheriff  of  Somersetshire  in  1608. 

•  Sir  Edward  Giles,  of  Bawdon,  in  the  parish  of  Totness,  was  Sheriff  of  Devonshire  in  1612.     He 
died  Dec.  28,  1637 ;  and  an  ample  account  of  him,  with  his  epitaph  by  Robert  Herrick,  may  be  found 
in  Prince's  "  Worthies  of  Devon." 

1  Sir  Thomas  Roberts,  of  Glassenbury  in  the  parish  of  Cranbrooke,  was  created  a  Baronet  in  1620; 
was  Sheriff  of  Kent  in  1621. 

4  One  Sir  John  Wildgose  was  Sheriff  of  Surrey  and  Sussex  in  1614. 

5  Sir  Thomas,  elder  brother  of  the  King's  Serjeant,  of  whom  see  p.  207,  was  of  Barrington, 
Somersetshire,  and  created  a  Baronet  in  1619. 

'  Sir  Simon  Steward,  of  Sturney,  Cambridgeshire,  was  Sheriff  of  that  County  and  Hunts  in  161 1. 
7  Sir  John  Wentworth  was  Sheriff  of  Suffolk  in  1607  or  1618,  or  both. 

*  Sir  Arnold  Lygon  was  Sheriff  of  Worcestershire  in  1608. 


KNIGHTS    DUBBED   AT   WHITEHALL   JULY    23,  1603-  215 

Sir  Conyers  Darcy  l,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  Matthew  Gamble,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  William  Harman.  Sir  John  Gamble,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  Anthony  Browne,  of  Essex.  Sir  Richard  Weston  5,  of  Surrey. 

Sir  Nicholas  Poyntz,  of  Gloucestersh.  Sir  Leonard  Hassell. 

Sir  Owen  Oglethorp,  of  Oxfordshire.  Sir  Francis  Barnham,  of  Kent. 

Sir  George  Walmore,  of  Nottingham-  Sir  George  Fane6,  of  Kent. 

shire.  Sir  Henry  Stoner,  of  Oxfordshire. 

Sir  Gregory  Wilmore,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  John  Cams. 

Sir  George  Buck8,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Leonard  Hyde7,  of  Hertfordshire. 

Sir  John  Buck3,  of  Wore.  [Lincolnsh.]  Sir  Charles  Morgan,  of  Herefordshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Coney,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Rowland  Morgan,  of  Herefordshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Berney4,  of  Norfolk.  Sir  Thomas  Hardres,  of  Kent 

Sir  Mark  Steward,  of  Cambridgeshire.  Sir  Richard  Beaumont8,  of  Leicestersh. 

1  Sir  Conyers  Darcy  descended  from  a  Norman  who  came  to  England  with  the  Conqueror,  was  of 
Hornby  Castle,  Yorkshire,  was  created  Baron  Darcy  1642  and  died  in  1653.  He  was  father  of  Conyers, 
created  Earl  of  Holderness  in  1689. 

*  Sir  George  Buck  was  made  a  Gentleman  of  the  King's  Privy  Chamber,  and  died  about  1623.  He 
was  Author  of  "  Aap«j  noXurt?a»«f;  an  Eclog  treating  of  Crownes  and  Garlands,  and  to  whom  of 
right  they  appertaine;  addressed  and  consecrated  to  the  King's  Majestic,  by  G.B.  Knight,"  1605,  4to. 
This  work  contains  an  epistle  dedicatory  to  the  King,  and  a  genealogical  table  (neatly  engraved)  of 
the  Royal  Family  of  England,  down  to  Henry  the  First.     A  copy  is  in  the  Library  of  the  Marquess 
of  Stafford. 

1  Sir  John  Buck,  of  Henby,  Lincolnshire,  was  Sheriff  of  that  County  in  1619. 

*  Sir  Thomas  Berney,  of  Parkhall  in  Keedham,  Norfolk,  was  of  a  very  ancient  family  seated  at  Ber- 
ney in  that  County  before  the  Conquest.     He  was  Sheriff  of  Norfolk  in  1609  and  died  in  1616.     His 
son  Richard  was  created  a  Baronet  in  IC'iO. 

*  Of  Sutton  Place,  Surrey.     See  the  "  Progresses  of  Queen  Elizabeth,"  vol.  III.  p.  121. 

'  Sir  Geprge  Fane,  of  Burston,  Kent,  younger  brother  of  Francis  first  Earl  of  Westmoreland, 
noticed  in  p.  224,  was  elected  M.  P.  for  Sandwich  in.  1603;  Kent  162O;  Maidstone  1625,  1627, 
1640;  and  Sheriff  of  Kent  in  1629.  He  died  in  164O,  aged  59. 

7  Sir  Leonard  Hyde,  of  Throcking,  was  Sheriff  of  Hertfordshire  in  16O6.  "Some  have  reported," 
says  Chauncy,  p.  1 17, "  that  this  Sir  Leonard  paved  his  kitchen  at  Sandon  with  grave-stones  taken  out  of 
Throcking  Church,  and  being  Patron  embezeled  the  Glebe,  and  kept  a  Chaplain  in  his  house  to  offi- 
ciate in  this  Church,  and  from  that  time  it  was  observ'd  his  estate  wasted  and  his  name  extingulsht ; 
I  hope  this  crime  may  not  be  true,  for  'tis  very  heinous ;  but  'tis  certain  that  his  estate  suddenly 
wasted,  and  his  name  extinguish! ;  for  soon  after  he  died,  and  his  sons  Thomas  and  William  sold  both 
this  and  the  mannor  of  Hidehall,  and  there  is  none  of  his  issue  left  alive  to  preserve  his  name." 

'  Sir  Richard  Beaumont,  of  \Vhitley  Hall,  Yorkshire,  born  August  2,  1574;  created  a  Baronet 
1627 ;  died  October  20,  1634,  s.  p.  There  is  a  fine  Portrait  of  him  in  Whitaker's  Whalley,  p.  256. 
See  a  Pedigree  of  his  family  in  Nichols's  Leicestershire,  vol.  III.  pp.  662,  749. 


216 


KNIGHTS   DUBBED   AT   WHITEHALL   JULY   23,  160$. 


Sir  Henry  Cholrnley  l,  of  Cheshire. 
Sir  Edward  Peacock,  of  Middlesex. 
Sir  Drue  Drury  3,  of  Norfolk. 
Sir  Christopher  Yelverton3,  of  Norfolk. 
Sir  Charles  Yelverton4,  of  Norfolk. 
Sir  William  Gresham,  of  Norfolk. 
Sir  Henry  Rowles5,  of  Devonshire. 
Sir  John  Hacher. 

Sir  William  Blackston,  of  Durham. 
Sir  Thomas  Mildmay6,  of  Essex. 
Sir  Rowland  Lacy,  of  Oxfordshire. 
Sir  William  Goodyer,  of  Berkshire. 
Sir  Timothy  Lowe,  of  Kent. 
Sir  Thomas  Wanton. 
Sir  Julian  Hanson,  of  Middlesex. 
Sir  Thomas  Skynner,  of  Essex. 
Sir  James  Croft,  of  Herefordshire. 
Sir  William  Worlington,  of  Essex. 
Sir  John  Dorrington,  of  Nottinghamsh. 
Sir  Anthony  Denton,  of  Buckinghamsh. 
Sir  John  Needham,  of  Northamptonsh. 
Sir  Edward  Onley,  of  Northamptonsh. 
Sir  Thomas  Seimor,  of  Somersetshire. 
Sir  Henry  Helmes,  of  Norfolk. 
Sir  William  Layton,  of  Shropshire. 


Sir  William  Mynne7,  of  Rutlandshire. 

Sir  James  Stonehouse,  of  London. 

Sir  Mark  Ive,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Thomas  Horwolle. 

Sir  William  Thomas,  of  Carnarvonsh. 

Sir  William  Morris,  of  Carnarvonshire. 

Sir  Edward  Capel,  of  Hertfordshire. 

Sir  Morris  Griffith. 

Sir  Andrew  Ashley. 

Sir  Edward  Suliard,  of  Suffolk. 

Sir  Benjamine  Pellet,  of  Sussex. 

Sir  Andrew  Paschall,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Edward  Raleigh,  of  Warwickshire. 

Sir  Richard  Edgecombe,  of  Devonshire. 

Sir  Richard  Vaughan,  of  Herefordshire. 

Sir  William  Cob,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  Nicholas  Gascoign,  of  Surrey. 

Sir  Francis  Cleer,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  George  Forster. 

Sir  James  Calthrop8,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  Thomas  Darrell. 

Sir  Thomas  Roberts. 

Sir  Henry  Disney,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  Gilford  Slingsby,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  John  Suliard,  of  Suffolk. 


1  See  before,  p.  200. 

*  Son  of  Sir  Drue  Drury,  the  Keeper  of  the  Queen  of  Scots.     He  was  of  Lynsted,  Kent,  created  a 
Baronet  in  16. . ,  and  died  1632,  aged  54. 

3  This  was  probably  Christopher,  son  of  the  Judge  noticed  in  p.  206,  and  younger  brother  of 
Henry,  afterwards  Attorney  General, 

*  Sir  Charles  was  half-brother  of  the  Judge  noticed  in  p.  206. 

5  Sir  Henry  Rowles  had  been  Sheriff  of  Devonshire  in  1599. 

6  Sir  Thomas  Mildmay,  of  Moulsham  Hall,  Chelmsford,  was  Sheriff  of  Essex  in  1609 ;  was  created 
a  Baronet  June  29,  1611 ;  and  died  s.  p.  1625-6. 

7  Another  Gentleman  of  this  family,  Sir  Henry  Mynne,  was  knighted  in  July  1609. 
1  Sir  James  Calthorp  was  Sheriff  of  Norfolk  in  1613. 


KNIGHTS    DUBBED    AT    WHITEHALL    JULY    23,   160$.  21 7 

Sir  Philip  Connisby,  of  Herefordshire.  Sir  Hugh  Wyrall. 

Sir  George  Cotton  ',  of  Cambridgeshire.  Sir  Richard  Saltonstall  5,  of  London. 

Sir  John  Gilbert,  of  Suffolk.  Sir  Robert  Horton. 

Sir  Edward  Butler,  of  Hertfordshire.  Sir  Vincent  Fulnetby. 

Sir  Henry  Thynne2,  of  Wiltshire.  Sir  Francis  Egeock,  of  Worcestershire. 

Sir  Richard  Kgerton,  of  Staffordshire.  Sir  Philip  Kighley. 

Sir  Edward  Ashford.  Sir  William  Harris6,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Ralph  Gibbs,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Thomas  Dalison7,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  John  Gunbert.  Sir  John  Dormer8,  of  Buckinghamshire. 

Sir  John  Jenkins.  Sir  William  Bond,  of  London. 

Sir  William  Bourchier.  Sir  Francis  Tanfield,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  William  Grey,  of  Norfolk.  Sir  George  Belgrave9,  of  Line.  [Leic.] 

Sir  Robert  Dynley.  Sir  Clement  Spilman  10,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  Daniel  Norton,  of  Hampshire.  Sir  Edward  Sheffeild,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  George  Gyll,  of  Hertfordshire.  Sir  Calthrop  Parker  ",  of  Suffolk. 

Sir  Clipesby  Gawdy,  of  Suffolk.  Sir  Edward  JMarbury 12,  of  Lincolnshire. 

SirWilliamWytherington3,[Northum.]  Sir  John  Daunsey,  of  Chester. 

Sir  William  Wythens  4,  of  Kent.  Sir  Richard  Tracy 13,  of  Gloucestershire. 

Sir  Jngleby  Daniel,  of  Yorkshire.  Sir  John  Powell. 

I  The  Cottons  of  Connington  (of  whom  was  the  famous  Sir  Robert)  were  a  large  and  spreading 
family. 

•  This  was  probably  Henry  Thynne,  of  Kingwood,  second  son  of  Sir  John,  the  Founder  of  Long- 
leat,  and  younger  brother  of  John,  knighted  May  1 1  (see  p.  114). 

'  Of  Sir  William  Widdrington,  of  Widdrington,  Northumberland,  see  p.  69. 

«  Sir  William  Withens,  of  Southend,  was  Sheriff  of  Kent  in  1609. 

s  Sir  Richard  Saltonstall  was  Sheriff  of  London  and  Middlesex  in  1598,  and  Essex  in  1611. 

•  Sir  William  Harris  had  been  Sheriff  of  Essex  in  1598. 

7  Probably  a  nephew  of  Sir  Roger,  afterwards  a  Baronet,  noticed  in  p.  91. 

8  Sir  John  Dormer,  of  Wring,  was  Sheriff  of  Buckinghamshire  in  1597- 

•  Sir  George  Belgrave,  of  Belgrave,  was  Sheriff  of  Leicestershire  in  1611,  and  died  in  1630. 
10  Sir  Clement  Spelman  had  been  Sheriff  of  Norfolk  in  1598. 

II  Sir  Calthorp  Parker,  of  Arwerton,  was  Sheriff  of  Suffolk  in  1611. 
"  Sir  Edward  Marbury,  of  Girsby,  was  Sheriff  of  Suffolk  in  1604. 

"  Sir  Richard  Tracy  was  son  of  Sir  Paul,  created  a  Baronet  June  29,  161 1,  who  was  coiuin-ger- 
man  of  the  first  Viscount,  noticed  in  p.  210.  He  succeeded  his  father  in  the  Baronetcy,  and  was 
Sheriff  of  Gloucestershire  in  1611. 

VOL.    I.  2  F 


218 


KNIGHTS    DUBBED    AT    WHITEHALL    JULY    23, 


Sir  Robert  Edolfe,  of  Kent. 

Sir  David  Wodrofe. 

Sir  Manwood  Penruddok,  of  Wiltshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Harwell,  of  Worcestersh. 

Sir  Thomas  Bigges1,  of  Worcestershire. 

Sir  Edward  Blenerhasset,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  Robert  Welsh,  of  Sussex. 

Sir  George  Snelling,  of  Sussex. 

Sir  John  Claxton,  of  Durham. 

Sir  Richard  Manwaring,  of  Cheshire. 

Sir  George  Parkins,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Ralph  Maddison,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Richard  Wyver. 

Sir  Robert  Stamford. 

Sir  Robert  Chester  2,  of  Hertford. 

Sir  Thomas  Gresham  3,  of  Surrey. 

Sir  Henry  Warner4,  of  Suffolk. 

Sir  Thomas  Hayes. 

Sir  Henry  Ashley,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Robert  Wynde,  of  Norfolk. 

Sir  Edward  Cley borne. 

Sir  Francis  Curson,  of  Shropshire. 

Sir  Anthony  Rowse5,  of  Cornwall. 


Sir  William  Reynard. 

Sir  William  Steed6,  of  Kent. 

Sir  William  Ap  Rice,  of  Huntingdonsh. 

Sir  Thomas  Standish,  of  Lincolnshire. 

Sir  Walter  Devereux,  of  Suffolk. 

Sir  William  Hudson,  of  Northumb. 

Sir  Edward  Pynchon,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Thomas  Freak  7,  of  Dorsetshire. 

Sir  Robert  Miller8,  of  Dorsetshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Prideaux,  of  Devonshire. 

SirFleetwood  Dormer,  of  Buckinghams. 

Sir  Henry  Maxey9,  of  Essex. 

Sir  Henry  Buckingham. 

Sir  William  Samuel. 

Sir  John  Acton,  of  Devonshire. 

Sir  Bartholomew  Sambourne,  Somers. 

Sir  Thomas  Rookby,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Alexander  Barlow,  of  Lancashire. 

Sir  Roger  Portington,  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Henry  Whitehead  10,  of  Hampshire. 

Sir  Reynold  Scryven,  of  Shropshire. 

Sir  Francis  Hillesley  ",  of  Yorkshire. 

Sir  Richard  Pell,  of  Hampshire. 


1  Sir  Thomas  Bigges,  of  Lenchwick,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Worcestershire  in  1593;  he  died  in  1613, 
aged  about  63.  His  son  Thomas  was  created  a  Baronet  in  1620. 

J  Sir  Robert  had  been  Sheriff  of  Hertfordshire  in  1599.  At  Sir  Robert's  house  at  Cockenhatch  the 
King  had  been  entertained,  "  at  his  owne  Kingly  charge,"  on  his  journey  Southward  (see  p.  105). 

J  Sir  Thomas  Gresham,  son  of  William,  cousin-german  to  the  Founder  of  the  Royal  Exchange, 
was  of  Titsey,  Surrey,  and  died  in  1632. 

«  Sir  Henry  Warner  had  been  Sheriff  of  Suffolk  in  1600. 

5  Sir  Anthony  Rowse,  of  Halton,  had  been  Sheriff  of  Cornwall  in  1602. 

6  Sir  William  Steed,  of  Steed  Hall,  was  Sheriff  of  Kent  in  1612. 

7  Sir  Thomas  Freak,  of  Sprowton,  was  Sheriff  of  Dorsetshire  in  1597  and  1611. 

8  Sir  Robert  Miller,  of  Briddie,  had  served  as  Sheriff  of  Dorsetshire  in  1599. 

9  Sir  Henry  Maxey  was  Sheriff  of  Essex  in  1607. 

10  Sir  Henry  Whitehead  was  Sheriff  of  Hampshire  in  1609. 

11  Sir  Francis  Hillesley  served  as  Sheriff  of  Yorkshire  in  1609. 


KNIGHTS    DUBBED    AT   WHITEHALL    JULY    23,   1603.  21 9 

Sir  Thomas  Bartlet,  of  Gloucestershire.  Sir  Thomas  Eden,  of  Suffolk. 

Sir  Anthony  Ireby  l,  of  Lincolnshire.  Sir  Henry  James,  of  Kent. 

Sir  Anthony  Pelliam.  Sir  Edward  Awbrey,  of  Pembrokeshire. 

Sir  Thomas  Southwell,  of  N